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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
VOL. VI NO. 40 CONGLOMERATE ODDS AND ENDS Some interesting Historic Items Concerning Births of Great Men Home and Abroad. Vice-Presidents Die in November-November Remark able for Birth Month of Great Men-February Famous for Washington, Lincoln, Ruskin, Darwin, Lowell, Verne, Mendelssohn-Battlefield Epigrams and Their Origin. In Abyssinia the coffee plant grows wild in great profusion and derives its name from Kaffa a district in that country. The phosphate output of the state of Florida last year amount ed to 425,000 tons, and of that total 300,000 tons was purchased by Germany. Recently the mining town of Mapimi, Durango, celebrated its three hundredth anniversary, hav ing been founded in 1598. In the time of Louis Quatorze in France food was placed upon the table in one huge dish and each helped himself with his naked hand. As late as the middle of the sixteenth century one glass or goblet did duty for the whole table. An unique will has just been discovered in the Washington county records. It was probated in 1791, and was the last testament of James Innes. Among other desires he asked to be ''bury'd in a white oak coffin, jointed but not planed." He requested that "no whisky or other spiritous liquor be usd on the occasion, nor any of the usual & Customary grimacing, those ostensibilities external parade of affection hppocrisy and dissimulation of mourning wh«re grief is absent." He further en joined that no part of his property should "ever come under cogni zance, Jurisdiction, or disposition of an Orphans' Court, or be in any manner subjected or expos'd to their officers, repacious depreda tions, gleaning & exactions & pecu lating arts and practices." It has been remarked, writes Joseph B. Gilder in St. Nicholas, that Mr. Hobart is the fourth vice president of the United States who has died in the month of Novem ber. His death occurred on the 21st (1899); Henry Wilson died on the 22nd (1875); Elbridge Gerry —who gave his name to the still popular trick of gerrymandering— on the 23rd (1814(, and Thomas A. Hendricks on the 25th (1885. The fact is of no significance what ever; yet, now that attention has been called to it, future vice presi dents will perhaps eat their Thanksgiving dinners with a pecu liar satisfaction when the holiday falls, as in 1899, on the last day of the month. A still more striking coincidence has been familiar for the pastl three-quarters of a century to readers of American history. This was the death on the same day— and that day the fiftieth annniver sary of the declaration of inde pendence—of the second and third presidents of the American repub lic, both of them signers of the declaration, and one of them its author. The passing away of John Adams and Thomas Jeffer son (the former at 91 and the latter at 83) at an interval of a few hours, on July 4, 1826, was suffici ently remarkable to suggest pur pose at least, if not agreement, on the part of these old friends. It is a coincidence perhaps unmatch ed in history. Against November as, so to speak, a favorite death-month of American vice presidents, Febru ary may be set off as a favorite birth-month of American and other men of genius—most notably George Washington and Abraham i Lincoln, whose birthdays bring j two national holidays almost as | close together as Christmas and New Year's day. On February 3, 1900, Felix Mendelssohn was 91 years of age; on the Bth John Ruskin celebrated the eighty-fifth anniversary of his birth, and Jules Verne the seventy-second. Lin coln, Charles Darwin, and James Russel Lowell were, all three, born on the 12th (Lowell would be 81 had he lived. On the next day Lord Salisbury entered upon his seventy-first year; on the 15th Ernest Legouve rounded out his ninety-third, and Dr. Weir Mitchell completed his seventy first, with mental force still una bated. Had February the same allowance of days as even the shorter of the other months, Fred erick Chopin could be added to our list; as it is, he misses it by the narrowest possible margin, his natal day being March 1 (18l>9). It was in ihe same year, as well as in the same month, that three of the names here mentioned were bestowed upon those who made them famous —Lincoln, Darwin, Mendelssohn. In this and the other months of 1809 occurred perhaps the greatest number of illustrious births that can be cre dited to any single year of the century now hastening to its close In America we have Lincoln, Edgar Allan Poe, and Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes; in England, Lord Tennyson, Mr. Gladstone, Professor Darwin, Lord Houghton, Professor John Stuart Blackie, Edward Fitzgerald, and Mrs. Mary Cowden Clarke; in Germany, Mendelsson; and in Poland, Chopin. A further coincidence is to be noted in the life-term of two of the most brilliant lights in this meteo ric shower. The American poet of night fancies and day dreams, and the Polish tone poet of noc turnes and etudes were born with in ten days of each other, and died but ten days apart—Poe's birtn having occurred on Jan. 19,1809, and Chopin's death on Oct. 17, 1849, just nine days after the author of "The Raven" was laid at rest in the Baltimore churchyard, where for half a century his grave has been cared for by the man that dug it A suggestive comparison might be made between the lives and genius of these two unhappy spirits of the early half of the nineteenth century. An English military journal has been discussing the epigrams of the battlefield—the famous phrases used by commanders of many countries. Some of these epigrams are apocryphal; many have been i manufactured after the event; others are correct only in sub stance, having undergone consider able revision; but the origin of many of these vivid phrases and memorable utterances is attribut able to merely the excitement caused by the rush of battle. Possibly the process of "editing" these epigrams has resulted in improving their phraseology, with- ] out changing the sense or obscur- j ing a single point; consequently! such editing cannot be regarded as a blemish. The popular form of the famous signal at Trafalgar is: "England expects that every man will this j day do his duty." According to i the English Military Journal, it is | certain that these were not the j precise words used. They have! been expanded to meet the"metri cal exigencies of song. The ker nel, however, is there—a sponta neous epigram which has achieved I immortality. It has grown into a ! SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, MARCH 9, 1900. national watchword, not merely because of its association with a splendid victory, but because it embodies a sermon on conduct and patriotism in terms so pithy and pointed as to be impossible of improvement. %<We have met the enemy and they are ours," was Commodore Perry's proud shout of triumph. Intensely pathetic were the dying words of Capt. Lawrence, on board the Chesapeake, spoken at the very moment his flag was being hauled down to the Shannon: ''Boys, don't give up the ship"—a noble motto for any navy. Perry's message reads like Caesar's "Veni, vide, vici." Both Perry's and Lawrence's sayings may have been correctly reported, but both are eclipsed by the single punning word, "Peccavi," in which the gallant Napier announced the conquest of Sinde. The London Navy and Military Record goes on to cast doubt upon Cambronnes reply: "The Old Guard dies, but never surrenders," and Wellington's "Up, guards, and at 'em," and proceeds to say that, "though both are so good and naturally characteristic, it is a great pity they are not true" There is no doubt, however, about Grant's: "I mean to fight it out on this line if it takes all the summer," a saying now imbedded in the speech of Americans as a typical expression of dogged, uncompro mising persistence. But battle epigrams, even when genuine, the London military paper considers, are not invariably unpremeditated. It declares that there is a suspicion of self-con sciousness about Francis I.'s letter after Pavia: "All is lost except honor." Yet, perhaps, it were more charitable to regard it as an impromptu and happy expression of an educated Frenchman. In Napoleon's address to his army before the battle with the Mame lukes there is an unmistakable odor of midnight oil: "From the summits of yonder, pyramids twenty centuries look down upon you." Still, the words deserve to be remembered as a striking sum mary of a highly dramatic situa tion. Sometimes the rallying cry in battle has been the name of some single leader or patron saint, but occasionally it took a more special and defined significance. Emi nently effective and appropriate was that of the charging Huguen ots at Ivry, when "Remember St. Bartholomew!" was passed from man to man—a politico-religious sermon in three words. Sir John Ashley's prayer in front of his troops at Naseby is in its way in comparable: "Oh, Lord, Thou knowest how busy I must be this day. If I forget Thee, yet do not Thou forget me. March on, boys!" The dare-devil words of Lord Car digan, the leader of the Light Brigade at Balaklava, when dash ing forth .on that awful charge, were: "Here goes the last of the Cardigans." In an English hunt ing field Cardigan admitted to the writer of this article that he posi tively made use of this expression. Nelson's observation at the com mencement of the buttle of the Nile, "A peerage of Westminster Abbey," has become historical, like everything else of Nelson's. He never contemplated even the possibility of defeat, but feared death for himself. The only alter native was whether his own recom pense should be a coronet or a tomb. William 111. said a funny thing to the French Protestant refugees at the Boyne—a saying which even to-day lives in the lines of an old Prane song: "God will be your King today, And I will be General under." On the spur of the moment Com modore Tatnall sent a racy mes sage to the English Admiral during the bombardment of the Peiho forts. It breathes the earnestness of excitement and the hearty comradeship of one sea-dog offering his aid to another. But it is so full of sound political phi losophy that it has taken rank among the aphorisms of Anglo- Saxon philosophy, and is one of the most effective instruments in maintaining good relations between the United States and England. It defines international kinship in the two continents. Here it is: '•Blood is thicker than water." These laconic expressions have been called to mind by Dewey's "You may fire now, if you please, Mr. Gridley," and poor Wauc hope's words as he fell the other day, with a Boer bullet in his heart: 'Tor God's sake, men, do not blame me for this." Some of the epigrams of the battlefield may be apocryphal, "edited" or entirely fictitious, but no one can call in question the authenticity of these two last Our gilded youth think nothing of paying from $100 to $1,000 for an overcoat. The idea is to com bine lightness with warmth, and this is accomplished by the use of furs. The Chinese Minister Mr. i Wu, has a superb coat that is lined with the pelt of the fiery fox, a little animal that has provided furs for the nobility of China these 3,000 years. A member of the Calumet club has a coat lined with the furs of the silver fox of the Arctics, each pelt costing $500. I don't know how many pelts there are fh the coat, but as the animal is small, possibly twenty were used in the making. »—- » »'« Washington University. | On Friday evening of March 9th the students of the State Univer sity will debate the trust question. It is an inter-society affair and is j arousing much interest among the students. Both the students and Badger clubs have each elected the flower of their organization to re present them on that evening. Those on the team from the Steven's club are Messrs. Chas. McCann, E. W. Schrowder and E. J. Wright. Those from the Badger are: Messrs. Dan Millette, Will H. Sanbe and John Hanson. Mr. Millette and Mr. McCann are the respective captains of their teams. The question will be: "Resolved, that combinations in restraint of trade should be restricted by national law so as to promote com petion." Each side feels confi dent of success and will throw all its vim and energy into winning the game. Besides having the honor of being the winning team, it is now known that a prize of $50 will be given to the winners as *ets3 Tb«n, they will - also repre sent the university in the inter collegiate contest with the Wash ington Agricultural College, which will be held this year at Pullman. President Graves will soon have the catalogue of 1900-1901 in the hands of the state printer. Some few changes will be made in it from that of last . year. These will chiefly be for the purpose of mak ing it more comprehensive to the public. Each school and depart ment will receive its proper share of space and recognition and the arrangement of courses will be a big improvement over that of former years. The dormitories of the univer sity are in every sense of the word a success. They are now in full running order and accomodating j about two hundred students. Besides arrangements have been made to give lunch to the Seattle students who heretofore have been obliged to carry a lunch basket Meals cost 15 cents and are the best that could possibly be fur nished for that amount. The meal tickets are sold by the registrar and checked by the stewart Every one seems to be pleased with the scheme. Before each one could be found in some corner of the building eating a cold lunch, now all is changed and the students as a whole sit down together and enjoy a warm meal cooked in first class shape. The students of the Law depart ment are now enjoying a very in teresting series of lectures deliver ed by Mr. Sheperd, who seems to have wonderful originality for a lawyer. It is to be hoped that he will remain with the students of this department longer than James Hamilton Lewis did, for after delivering some two or three lectures politics and business so j crowded the honorable gentleman! that he was obliged to leave the lecturing to some one else. Dr. Smith, after a severe spell of sickness, has again returned to his duties in the department of econo mic science and his students are delighted to have him with them once more. During his absence they felt the want of his generous council and kindly sympathy, both of which was always willingly given when the student brought forward his faults and failings. RAGE PROGRESS AMONG NEGROES Throughout the United States as Seen by the Journalists of the Land. Changing Colors-Lilly White Republicans—Amanda Smith's Home-Aberdeen Cotton Mill-Virgina Colored Help -- Negro Disfranchising -- Sergeant Green's Bravery-Ohio's Colored Legislator-Ala bama's New Society-Negro Fatalities in the Philippines. A white man in Spencer, Vir ginia, has turned black and a black woman in Kansas City, Mo., has turned white. Now if the leopard will only change his spots, Father Time will have succeeded in bringing about some most won derful changes in Nature's laws. There is still much political contention in the state of Louisana between the Lily White Republi cans and the Negro Republicans. The former want to get away from the latter, but hang on to the Re publican emoluments, while the latter want them to get away, if they so desire, but leave the offices behind them. Not being able to decide on the division of the spoils they continue unwilling political bed fellows. The Women's Federation club in Chicago, made up of the leading women of the Negro race, is the largest and most influential orga nization of Afro-Americans in the in the Windy City, Mrs. Amanda Smith, so well known in Seattle and Christendom in general, has about completed her Home for colored children near Chicago. She raised the money for this Home by soliciting small contributions while she was holding revival services through out the country. Mrs. Smith is a very noted evangelist and wherever she has been her labors have always been crowned with glowing success. The colored citizens of Aber deen, Miss., recently held a very large and enthusiastic meeting in that city, having for its object, the erection of a cotton factory. Hon. James Hill of that state headed the movement. There is at pres ent such an institution in opera tion in North Carolina as they contemplate building, and, it is owned by a Mr. Coleman, a noted colored man, who employs all colored help, and it is reported, a great financial success. It is hoped by the Aberdeen citizens to duplicate the Coleman move. There seems to be a "dearth of reliable colored help in the Old Dominion State, and, it is all be cause, the colored girls have form ed themselves into secret societies and agreed to only work for a cer tain sum and do just so much work and no more. Those employing help are at a loss to know how to replace their services, and not being able to successfully do so, have decided to payihe girls their wages and quietly submit to the rules laid down by the "secret societies." Speaking of disfranchising the colored voters of the South prompts a well known colored man to write the following to a South ern paper, which seems to be the concensus of opinion among the better class of colored citizens all over the country: "For our part, we believe in such a reconstruction of the suffrage as shall remove every pretext for fraud and trickery, but we would discriminate against no man simply because of his race or I color or preivous condition of | servitude. We would prescribe a | certain qualification whatever that may be, and then stand squarely by the rule. We would holdout I inducements to disfranchised Ne jgroes, as well as to disfranchised PRICE FIVE CENTS white men, to qualify themselves, guaranteeing to all the privilege of voting wherever they can show that they are qualified under the law." Sergeant D. P. Green, of the Twenty Fifth now doing service in the Philippines, is reported to the war department for special brav ery, having withstood the rush of some thirty insurgents until re-en forcement, who having heard the firing, came the distance of a mile to his relief. It is further report ed that he killed seven of the in surgents with liis own hands. Many other brave acts by the colored soldiers are finding their way to Washington City, which the world never hears about. Notwithstanding the fact that the state of Ohio has thousands upon top of thousands of colored voters, there is but one colored man in the state legislature there, in the person of Hon. Henry C. I Smith. This gentleman has been repeatedly elected to the same position and the fiat has long since gone out from his district that, "No Democrat need apply." Bishop Hood of the A. M. E. Zion church and Bishop Games of the A. M. E. church have both re cently pnblished books, which are said to be of a very high literary standing. According to an exchange there are in the United States eighteen competent and actively engaged Afro-American women civil engi neers. -If the report be true, and, we think it is, here are eighteen women that every good citizen in the United States should feel trebly proud of. A society has been formed in Montgomery, Alabama, with a charter membership of twenty-five of the most reputable white citi zens of that section of the country, taken from all of the higher pro fessions and walks of life, to meet annually to discuss the Negro question from a Southern stand point. The first meeting will be held in May next and among those who will take a part are: Governor Johnston of Alabama, Judge A. E. Gaston, Oapt. J. M. Falkner, Dr. B. J. Baldwin, Judge Jonathan Harlson and others. Every phase of the Negro question in the South will be discussed, whether for good or bad, by these gentlemen. A pastor of one of the Baptist churches (colored) in Washington City is out advocating, that a home for aged and infirm colored citizens of the district be established. The idea is meeting with much favor among the leading white citizens of the district, and the project may take form and reality at an early day and date. The following is the fatality roster of the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth infantry now in the Philippines since October 31, to January 28: Oct. 31st, Kobert McKnight, Company E, Twenty-fourth In fantry; Nov. 25th, Wm. Dance, Company X, Twenty-fourth; Dec. 11th, George Motley, Company H, Twenty-fourth; Dec. 12th, Jno. Booker, Company X, Twenty- Coiitinued od Page 4.