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VOL. VI NO. 44 (OUEHJIIIB From University of Washington. DR. BECKDOLT LECTURES About Pennsylvania's Scotch-Irish Colony's Characteristics STATE PRESS COMMENT Washington State Boasts of Many Creameries and Cheese Fac tories — The Ben F,. Snipes Bank Concern is Finally Closed —Prospects for Fine Fruit Crop in the State Never Better. Last week Dr. Beckdolt enter tained the students at Assembly hall by a series of lectures on differ ent sections of Pennsylvania. The first two lectures were largely devoted to the physical features of that part of Pennsylvania occupied by the Scotch-Irish. Then Dr. Beckdoldt took up the people themselves and told in a pleasant conversion al way the manners and characteristics of those people Dr. Beckdoldt is a German to the core and he aroused the curiosities of the students, when, in the course of his remarks, he told of how he himself was related to the Scotch- Irish of Pennsylvania, but on ex plaining that, it was only through his wife everyone felt greatly re lieved. The different lectures were well attended and increased in popularity as they continued. The subject was one with which Dr. Beckdoldt had great famili arity, he having been connected with the Lafayette college located in Pennsylvania for a number of years. The Junior class concert held in Denny Hall last Friday evening was a success both financially and otherwise. Between two and three hundreds persons were in attend ance and showed the greatest ap preciation of the excellent musical program, which was being render ed. Besides the orchestra and mandolin club the most notable celebrities on the program were Aubrey Levy and Miss Stevens. The affair was widely advertised and the proceeds of the evening amounted to about $50, which amount will go towards defraying the expenses of publishing the Junior Annual. Prof. Priest's class in forensics is now dealing with some of the most momentous questions of the hour. Last Thursday it discussed the subjects of "Railway pooling" and government ownership of railroads. The week before it dis posed of the question, "Quay's admission into the Senate," and also the -'municipal ownership of street car lines in Seattle." By the end of the year the class will have received excellent training in style, delivery and argument. Among those members of the cl ass who seem likely to win distinction in this field are: Messrs. E. W. Schrowder and U. S. Griggs. The young ladies gave an infor mal reception at their dormitory to the faculty ladies last Monday evening. The Misses Stevens took the leading part in the affair and rendered a few musical selections which were rare treats. One of the most valuable lite rary donations which the univer sity library has been the recipient of in quite a long time, was at the hands of Mr. J. W. Clise. The collection includes twenty-seven volumes of the Geological Survey and thirty-nine on miscellaneous subjects, the most important of which are: Four volumes of the Pennsylvania Magazine, three volumes of the Annals of Phila delphia, one of Governor Stevens' reports, the memoirs of Gen. Lee, the Life of William Perm and three volumes of Lord Cornwallis. Besides these are old maps of the United States, Seattle and Puget Sound. The university people feel highly elated over this valuable gift and no one more so than the librarian, W. H. C. Coffman, whose ambition it is to secure as many as possible of works of this kind. The Thurston county Republi can convention, which met in Olympia in the Unitarian church, according to the Washington Standard, "was a circus in a church." The Standard is uncom promisingly Democratic and that may have had something to do with prompting it to make such an elaborate statement, and yet, a circus in a church is not half so bad as a circus in a three ringed tent. Senator George Turner threat ens to carry the state of Washing ton for Bryan by 10,000 majority. He may be able to do that thing, but most persons thought that the Senator was no longer connected with the Le Boi mine, and he was never known to carry anything until he came in possession of that vote producer. The great Ben E. Snipes con cern, which went to the wall some years ago, is about to close its last chapter. The receiver thereof has about $8000 on hand to be divided among the hundreds of hungry creditors and that done nothing more will remain. About the only persons that have reaped anything out of the concern since it went to the wall were its various receivers. The South Bend Journal is re penting that it printed "the big tree story" some time ago. It read just like a prevarication when it first came out, but since news paper men never tell such things, it was passed around the circle and its authenticity vouched for. Repentance for wrong committed is better late than never. Washington state at present has 106 creameries and 31 cheese factories. If it had five times that many more of each, it could use all of their products. The state is compelled to send outside for too much of the necessities that its citizens do consume. There are numerous Klondike? to be found in this state and not in gold mines at that, if one would only turn his energies thereto. It is thought that the prospects foi a fine fruit crop in this stale were never more promising than at present, it was feared for a while that the cold weather would seri ously hurt the budding trees, but that danger has quite passed now and a big fruit crop is expected. "Old time activity is beginning to come to this camp, and inside of thirty days things will be boom ing, writes the Index Miner. The reason for this declaration is that strangers are arriving there daily and looking out for business loca tions and that the mines which have been running slowly all winter are now getting ready to greatly increase the size of their crews. Quite a number of immigrants are daily landing at Wenatchee, writes the Chelan Leader, and they are said to be settling in Chelan, Douglas and Okanogan counties. A little over a million feet of j lumber, was last week shipped from Grays Harbor to San Fran cisco. This was the largest cargo ever sent out from Grays Harbor. There is to be a summer school of science at the State Agricul tural college at Pullman this year. It will begin June 26th and con tinue six weeks. Young scientists, teachers, and specialists along the line of chemistry and geology will receive valuable instr ucti on s. Eighteen dollars pays for the term's board and rent. The business outlook was never better for Grays Harbor than now. Every mill is crowded with orders and most of them are running overtime. Both the mills at Hoquiam are running 11 and 12 hours a day, with more orders than they can fill, and the big mill at Cosmopolis, is reported to be arranging for a night crew. This means that all kinds of business on Grays Harbor will flourish.— Hoquiam Washingtonian. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 1900. li-IIHI As Seen From a Jour nalistic Standpoint. COLORED FOLKS RISING In the Scales of Success and Edu cation. THE AMERICAN NEGRO Colored Sopranoist Employed — Catholic School in Alabama- New F»aper in San Francisco- Wilson Civil Service Commis sion—Colored Railroad Men to Fight—Masons to Build a Tem ple—Other Notes. A move has been made by the colored men employed on the various railroads of this country other than porters to unite and fight to the bitter end all those elements of the whites that, from time to time, have united in fight ing their being employed and pro moted in the railroad service. They will be known as the Nation al Federation of Colored Railway men. The organization will in clude all classes of colored men that are now employed on rail roads. The sum of $20,000 lias been subscribed to defray the ex penses of young colored men at a "technic school" to learn all of the various branches of railroadism, and thereby enter into open com petition with their white bretheren for every class of work done in the system of railroading. The fund has many large contributors and well wishers among the leading white citizens of the Middle West and the East. The colored Freemasons of this country (F. A. A. M., including the Scotish Rite and Mystic Schriners) have filed papers of incorporation at Washington City for the purpose of erecting a temple in that city, which is to be the headquarters of colored ma sonry in this country, and which temple shall be large enough to I accomodate the various branches of masonry all over the country and quarters for those in the District of Columbia. The asso ciation is capitalized at $25,000 and the shares are to be sold at $1 each non-assesable and full paid. The officers are: President, L. W. Pulies; Secretary, H. C. Scott and John G. Brent, treasurer, all of whom live in Washington City. John G. Jones of Chicago is pre sident of the board of directors. The African Methodist Episco pal Church, Zion, is to elect an additional bishop at its next Gen eral Conference, and Rev. J. W. Smith, D. D., editor of the ; tar of Zion, the organ of the church, which is published at Charlotte, N. C, is one of the leading candi dates for the high honor. Dr. Smith has put out a most excellent church paper since he has been in | charge of the Star, and, if his work thereon can be taken as a criter ion of what his work as a bishop will be, he will prove a most ex cellent divine for the place. Much, from time to time, has been amusingly said of the illiter acy freaks among the Southern Negroes, who, immediately after the right of suffrage had been con-1 ferred upon them, plunged head long into politics. As members of the legislature of the various Southern states, that they did do I some queer things can not be denied, but it would seem imposs ible for them to have shown their ignorance in a worse form than does the following letter from a white member of the present Maryland legislature to his brother discloses. This member, by the way, was elected on a Democratic ticket, which had this plank in its platform, "We are unalterably opposed to the dominancy of the ignorant Negroes and to their holding political offices to any extent or degree." Here is the letter in full: Annapolis, March 6, 1900. "Mr. John W. Hoffacker Dear Bro.: Your letter received Will say that i have bin well there has been quite large dele gations wisiting us to-day from Baltimore citty the most import ant one was on the Elictrical Sub way bill, i think there might be a considerable amount of Budel floting for somebody before the bill is disposed off you might look up the case and find out which way the wind blows, there might be something in it for us if you find anything out of im portance come down or let me know. Rospectfully yours S. H. Hockaffer." "Selling out" does not seem to be confined solely to the man that wears a black skin, if the above lawmaker's words count for any thing. This letter was brought to light by a leading Democratic paper of that state. The First Methodist Episcopal church of Chanpaigne, Illinois, whose congregation is composed solely of Caucasians, have selected Chaplain B. W. Arneet's wife as first soprano singer at a magnifi cent salary for her services. Here is another case of succeeding when you have learned to do well what you attempt to do. Let all per sons belonging to the much de spised race learn to always excell in all of their undertakings and they will soon find it much easier to get lucrative employment and hold it when they get it. Rev. J. R. Slattery has purchased a large tract of land in Alabama and intends to found a Catholic school for colored children there on in the near future. The Catho lic church is doing a great deal at present toward the education of the colonxLyouth of this country, and the same can be said of every other religious denomination. They all seem determined to edu cate the race and the race seems equally as determined to educate itself, which is highly commend able on - the part of all concerned. San Francisco is to have two Afro-American papers for a while at least, and "The Reporter" is the name of a new semi-monthly paper that has made its appear ence on its streets. There are per haps more Negroes in San Fran cisco than any other city this side of Kansas City, and yet the news paper efforts there among the colored folk, seem to have always been rather lame affairs from a business stand point. Western pioneers will call to mind that, the first paper ever published in the West in the direct interest of the Negro was issued in San Fran cisco, and that paper ran for nearly, if not quite, thirty years and finally died for the lack of proper care and attention C. C. Wilson of New Orleans, who is employed in the mint there as storekeeper, has recently been made a member of the civil ser vice board of that city, which passes on all applications for that institution, and he was at once elected president of the board. He is the only man of the Negro race that holds a similar position in this country. There is always a continuous warfare among the white and black Republicans of Louisana as to which faction will boss the situation, which is a draw back to the Negro politicians of that state. Mrs. Blanche K. Bruce, who is now employed as lady principal of the Tuskeegee Normal school of Alabama, of which Booker T. Washington is the president and j general directing hand, is making \ much success in her new role. Mrs. Bruce gave up Washington City society and its facinating surroundings and is making her self useful to her country and especially to the race to which she is identified. For this she is to be congratulated, for it took a brave heart to give up such surround ings as Mrs. Bruce's and go to teaching school and, that too, when she had no financial cause to do so. «— ■» -»— The postoffice department will soon cause to be issued stamp books containing 24, 48 and 94 stamps, which can be carried in the pocket without fear of stick ing together. fflS I 111 Planted by Nature but Nurtured by Man. GOD'S MANY MYSTERIES Being Brought to Light By Constant Study. ITEMS OF INTEREST Number of Patents Issued—Some Reading Inventors Dead- En glish-Built Cruiser "Albany' to Arrive Soon—Work of Sig nal Corps in Philippine Islands — Some TJ. S. Productions — General Science Notes. Since the American army land ed on the Philippine Island the army signal corps has handled, on an average, 2500 dispatches per day. The maxim for one day's was 4000, November 6. Women physicians have become quite numerous throughout Russia and have achieved much fame in the profession. Many are employ ed by the government at hand some salaries. An epidemic of typhoid fever in a certain community has been traced to celery vegetable grown on sewage fertilized grounds. The Congo l^ree State govern ment is using the wireless tele graphy to transmit messages to the Upper Congo region. It is work ing very satisfactorily. "Albany," an English built pro tected cruiser, is soon to arrive in this country. Here is a brief description of her: Displacement 3,700 tons. Speed 20:73 knots. Maxim coal supply, 800 tons. Complement, 365. Armor, pro tective deck 1£ inches on flat, 3 inches on slopes, shields 4 inches. Armament, main battery, six 6 inch rapid-fire, four 4-7 inch rapid fire; secondary battery, ten 6 pounders, eight 1 pounders, two colts. Date 1899. Leander J. McCormick, the in ventor of the moving machine which bears his name, died in Chicago February 20th last. He was a Virginian by birth. A lignite bed has been discover ed in Russia. The deposit is said to be very extensive and also un usually valuable. Russia is rapid ly coming to the front as the greatest mineral producing countries in the world. In 1899 the total number of applications for patents at City Washington were 41,443. In 1898 there were 35,842. In 1897 there were 47,905. The Spanish war caused the fall off in 1898 and 9. The patent office has always been self sustaining with a surplus left over every year. James G. Smith, the inventor of the duplex system of telegraphy, died March 13th ult. Of late years he has been working exclu sively on new telephone devices. Charles Piazzie Smyth, Ex- Astronomer Royal of Scotland, died February 13st last. He dis covered planet Ceres and has been closely identified with the plane tary science and inventive progress since a mere lad. A wine barrel weighing seventy tons and costing $30,00;) has been built at Nancy for the Paris expo sition. The United States produced last year about 5,200,000, pounds of ! aluminum, which was about the same as the previous year. Germany imported from this country in 1890 2,000,000 tons of logs. In 1898 it received 2,600,000, PRICE FIVE CENTS Lan increase of 30 per cent. During the same years sawed lumber to Germany from this country went from 1.200,000 tons to 2,200,000 tons, an increase of 100 per cent. Prince George of Greece propo ses to hold an International Exhi bition at Canea on the Island of Crete beginning April 11th and closing May 7th. Foreign consuls are exerting themselves to make it a success. The total arrivals for the year ending June 30, 1899, were 311, --715, an increase of 82,416 or 36 per cent. Of the total arrivals Europe furnished 297,349; Asia 8,972; Africa 51. In all other countries, 5,343. There were 195,277 males and 116,438 females. According to age, 43,983 were under fourteen years; 248,187 were from fourteen to forty-five and 19,545 were forty five years or older. As to illiter acy, 60,446 could neither read nor write, and 1,022 could read, but ere unable to write. The total amount of money which they ex hibited to the officers was $5,414, --462; 174,613 had less that $30 each. Pompeii, the ancient Roman city submerged by an eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, it has been recently discovered, has a most excellent water system. The source of the city's water supply has not been discovered, but the aqueducts and tubens have been unearthed by scientists and excavaters. An Eastern publication contains an estimate of the 1900 census, which is evidently the result of careful thought and scientific com putation. According to the com piler of the statistics which follow, the population has never failed to double in thirty years. The value of property may be questioned, but the average results would be the same. It is considered that the value of property doubles in twenty years, which is only &§ per cent compounded. The assessed value for taxation was $16,000,000, --000 in 1880, increased in 1890 to $24,000,000,000, but vast properties escape taxation. Owing to the revulsion of 1893 the assessed valuation has not probably much increased; $100,000,000,000 is con venient for distribution, and may be reduced to percentages. In estimating families a larger num ber is given to a farmer's family than to urban citizens. Comput ed on this basis the population this year will be 75,000,000, divided as follows: Agriculturists, 37,000, --000; cities, 27,000,000; villages, 11,000,000. There would be 6,000,000 agricultural families 7,000,000 city families, and 2,000, --000 village families. The wealth of the country will be distributed: To farmers, $19,000,000,000; to villagers, $4,000,000,000; to labor ers and followers of small trades in cities, $10,500,000,000, and among capitalists, large property owners, merchants, etc., consti tuting 25 per cent of city res idents $66,500,000,000. Leslies weekly.—A recent writer gives the following sum mary of what the Negro has ac complished to demonstrate his fit ness for civilization. He has reduced his illiteracy forty-five per cent in thirty-five years; Ne gro children in the -common schools number 1,500,000; Negro students in higher institutions, 40,000: Negro teachers, 30,000; Negro students learning trades, 20,000; Negro students pursuing classical courses, 1,200; Negro students pursuing scientific courses, 1,200; Negro students pursuing business courses. 1,000; and Negro graduates, 17,00'\ There are 250,000 volumes in Negro libraries, 156 institutions for the higher education of Ne groes, 500 Negro physicians, 300 books written by Negroes, 250 Negro lawyers, three banks con ducted by Negroes, three maga zines edited by Negroes, and 400 newspapers under Negro manage ment. The value of their libraries iB $500,000, their school property is -worth $12,000,000, their church property is valued at $37,000,000, their farms, numbering about 130,000, are worth $400,000,000 1 (this does not include their homes valued at $325,000,000); and their personal property is worth $165, --000,000. Since the war the Negro has raised $10,000,000 for his own education.