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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
VOL. VI NO. 51 PRACTICAL_SCIENCE Things That Come Under Daily Observations Both on Land and Sea Indian School Children- Strength of The Swiss Army— Spurgeon's Tabernacle Re built—Battle at Spottsylvania— Men Engaged and i/ost—Com merce on Lake Erie — Alcholic Drinks Decreasing While Coffee is Increasing. You can buy tea in China for 1| cents per pound. Western Australia has thirteen bank holidays. No fewer than 112 families of injurious insects, vex farmers. There are 6,003 pieces in the modern high-grade locomotive. Every square mile of sea is estimated to contain some 120, --000,000 fiHh. Over $5,00,000 capital is invest ed in this country in the manu facture of playing cards. Andrew Carnegie has given away $7,863,500 during the last sixteen months, and nobody is asking him where he got it. There are 25,000 Indian children in school, fully 30,000 Indian com municants of Christian churches, and 38,000 Indians who speak English. The race is not dying out, but increasing. The Japanese ride American bicycles and play baseball, and they use Americrn expressions in connection with the game, as "one strike," "home base," etc. .France's minestry of public in struction encourages art by an annual expenditure of $3,600,000. Thisihctudesl the support of the Ecole dcs Beaux-Arts and ten other state schools of fine arts. The number of exhibitors at the Paris Exposition are as follows: French 30,000; United States, 6,564; Belgian 2,5<K); Germany 2,000; Italy 2,000; llussia l,5l)0; Scandinavia 1,400; Austria 1,000; Great Britain 600. The Trans-Siberian Railroad will cost at least $500,000,000, of which $295,000,000 have already been expended. It is estimated that the net yearly receipts of the road whan completed will be a trifle over $4,000,000. Robert T. Lincoln, the fastidious son of Abe Lincoln, the Great Emancipator, is realizing the princely sum of $500,000 per annum for handling, as one of two administrators, the George Pull man estate, which has grown from $8,000,000 at the time of his death to 15,000,000 at present Two years ago the Metropolitan Tabernacle, better known as Spur geon's Tabernacle, was destroyed by fire in an hour. It is now nearly rebuilt. Within a month the tabernacle will outwardly be as of yore. The old tabernacle cost $160,000 and the new one $200,000. The new edifice will seat 4000, a few less than the old building. It requires an average of more than 20,000,000 pins per day to sustain the falling skirts, replace the missing suspender buttons and meet the other needs of the Amer can people. What becomes of all these pins is a question that no body has been able to answer, but there is no falling off in the de mand, so that this number must disappear in some manner every day. According to official reports the strength of the Swiss army on Jan. 1,1900, was as follows: (1) "Auszug" (men from 20 to 32 years of age), 150,876 men, com prising 113,617 infantry, 4,551 j cavalry, 20,443 artillery, 5;686 en gineers, 4,928 in the sanitary corps, and 1,751 in other depart ments. (2) "Landwehr" (men from 33 to 45 years of age), 87, --364 men—a well armed and well trained militia, making with the Auszug a total of 238,240 men. Some idea of the immensity of the industry as well as the wages received by the workers in the iron and steel mills around Pitts burg may be had from a pay roll for some 12, < XX) men for the month, which footed up more than $900, --000. This was for the three plants of the Carnegie works —Home- stead, Edgar Thomson, and Du quesne. A like sum was paid out to employes in other plants of the company in Allegheny county at the same time. The sum dis tributed is believed to be the largest ever paid in the history of manufacturing in this country. Troops from every state, North and South, were arrayed in the battle at Spottsylvania, Va., to the number of at least 500,000, and more men were here engaged than in any battle in the world's history. The losses in killed, wounded, and missing on both sides aggregated 129,838, to-wit: Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862— Union loss, 12,353; Confederate loss, 4,576. Chance llorsville, May Ito 4, 1863—Union loss 16,030; Confederate loss, 12,281. Wilder ness, May 5 to 7, 1864—Union loss, 37,737; Confederate loss, 11,400. Spot tsylvania Courthouse, May Bto 18, 1864-Union loss, 26,461; Confederate loss, 9,000. Of the aggregate of 129,838, the Union loss was 92,581, while the Confederates 10.,t 37,257. In the National cemetery on Marye's Heights, the largest in the nation, there lie buried 16,500 Union soldiers, and frequent additions are made from the exhumations on the battlefields. The registered tonnage of the vessels passing through St. Mary's canal to Lake Erin in 1899 was 21,958,900 These carried 49,000 passengers, 3,940,000 tons of coal, 7.114,000 barrels of flour, 58,397, --000 bushels of wheat, 30,000,000 bushels of other grain, 316,000 barrels of salt, 120,000 net tons of copper, 15,328,000 net tons of iron ore, and 1,380,057,000 feet of lum ber The value of articles carried through the canal in 1899 was $233,069,000. Statistics recently compiled show that the value of the alcoho lic drinks consumed by the Amer ican people for the year 1899 was approximately $1,000,000,000. They also show that our national consumption of alcoholic bever ages is diminishing, while our con sumption of coffee has almost doubled in ten years. The whis key-bottle appears to be giving way to the coffee-cup.—New York World. There were 903 postoffices in 1800; today we have 75,000—that is, in America alone. It took a letter sixteen days to go from Philadelphia to Lexington, Ky., twenty-two days to Nashville, Term. The cheapest letter post age was 8 cents, and to send a letter more than a hundred miles cost a shilling. Three million letters and papers were then sent in a year: at the present time the postoffice handles about 30 million pieces of mail in a single day. About half the population of the boroughs of Man hattan and the Bronx is out side of the "sphere of church in fluence," according to a chart pre pared by the New York City Baptist Mission society. The 103 Catholic churches have 543,163 members.; The membership of the other denominations is as fol lows: First, Episcopal, 121 churches, 65,900 members. Second, Presbyterian, 70 church es, 27.766 members. Third, Lutheran, 33 churches, 21,157 members. Fourth, Methodist, 67 churches, 15,511 members. Fifth, Baptist, 50 churches, 16,310 members. Sixth, miscellaneous, 37 church es, 15,153 members. Seventh, Hebrew, 46 churches, 10,892 members. Eighth, Congregational, 14 churches, 3,018 members. With a membership in the 103 Catholic churches, therefore, of 543,164, a membership in all the other 439 churches of L 80,009, and 360,018 persons added as being within the "sphere of influence" of these latter churches, the number of persons within the "sphere of church influence," according to these figures, is 1,083,191, leaving 916,809 persons outside of church I influence. J SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, MAY 18 , 1900. THE OTHER SI Paul Quinn s Men's Sunday Club a Noted Literary Organization- Becoming Famous Through out the Country—Comptroller Dawese Sees the American Negro Through a Different Prism From Senator Been Till man —His Services as a Soldier Will Always Be in Demand- Made Much Progress in Other Directions. The colored citizens of Chicago have had for some time past a Men's Sunday Club, which meets every Sunday afternoon in Paul Quinn Chapel, the largest church edifice in the United States in which colored folk exclusively wor ship. This Club has already be come a noted organization, and at its meetings some of the most learned men, irrespective of color or previous condition, have lectured from its rostrum. It will be re membered that it was at this Club some months ago that Kabbi Joseph, the noted Jewish divine, lectured on "Race Prejudice in the United States," which lecture caused such wide spread comment. Scores of other prominent literary lights have done likewise, which has given the Club a National reputation for representing the most advanced thoughts aud ideas of American progress. Chicago has some very notable Negro scholars within her gates and they are not letting their literary lights get covered up under the pro ver bal bushel, but are holding them high in mid air that all may see the light. The Men's Sunday Club in connection with this pro minent church, wherein the topics of the day are discussed by the best thinkers in the community, is by no means a new idea, as such clubs are to be found in conjunc tion with the most of the leading churches throughout Christendom at present, and they are proving a tower of strength to the various organizations as church feeders. Other churches among the Negroes of this country should follow the example of Paul Qninn and orga nize similar bodies, and they would soon see a marked differ ence in the interest taken in their respective congregations. In the last issue of The Repub lican a speech delivered by Senator Been Tillman before the students of Ann Arbor Law school was published in full. If what the Senator said were really true, then of all human beings on the face of the globe, the Negro is by far the most dispicable. There is, however, always two sides to every question and this week, to show both sides of the question, another member of the Caucasian race, no less prominent in the affairs of the land than Senator Tillman is quotj| ed, who is none other than C. G. Dawese, U. S. comptroller of cur rency. Mr. Dawese spoke before the Paul Quinn Men's Club, to which hundreds of persons both white and black listened with rapt attention. He spoke as follows: "During the brief period which has intervened since the close of the Civil War in the United States the educational and indus trial progress of the colored people have been marvelous. At the close of the war the free color ad population of the United States was about 10 per cent of the total, end a very small proportion of this number could read or write." Mr. Dawes then gave statistics of the advancement of the colored race, and, in concluding, said: "In agriculture, commerce, manufacturing, literature and art, and in every line of business enter prise or educational effort in which this nation is engaged the colored people have their competent repre sentatives. In literature colored authors have made a most credit able showing. It is not generally known, but it is a fact, that the library or Congress contains over 1000 books and pamphlets written by colored men and women, em bracing poetry, fiction, history and sociology. "In every war in which the United States has been engaged from the Revolution to the Span ish-American war the colored man has distinguished himself on the field of battle. There are now in the United States army two regi ments of colored cavalry and four regiments of infantry and a large number of colored men are enlist ed in the navy. "Surgeon S. B. Hunt, late of the United States army, has recently made an exhaustive research into the capacity of the c Sored man as a soldier, and he toys: 'ior the purpose of the soldier he has all the physical charaHer required. His temperament adapts him to camp life and his m >rals conduce to discipline. He i.-> brave and steady in action, in all subse quent wars the country will rely very largely upon the Negro popu lation as a part of its military power. In these facts which I have thus hurriedly grouped, and in many others which might be cited is found the highest incen tive to still greater efforts ou your part for your people.'" And still another of the promi nent Caucasians of this country is quoted to throw against the Ben Tillman argument. But recently Rev. J. M. Lucey of Arkansas addressed the Trans-Mississippi Commercial Congress on the "In dustrial Development of the South," and touching on the race problem said in part: "The Negro now shows a will ingness to acknowledge that the Southern white man is his friend, and he stands ready to unite his energies with the brain of the white man and make the South the happiest and most prosperous country in the world. Let the Southern' white man now reach down a friendly hand to the strug gling Negro, and the race troubles are at an end. The advancement of the Southern N«gro is in keep ing with his American character. Under all the disadvantages of the past thirty-five years he has made commendable progress. The facts show virility, thrift and ambition. Unlike the ordinary Indian, the Negro is a soldier aud citizen, farmer and mechanic, lawyer and doctor; he has entered every trade and profession of life and is a substantial element in the industrial, commercial and politi cal makeup of our great republic. Ten millions of people acclimated to the South distributed in all the departments of industry: are worthy of consideration in fore casting and foreordaining the work of the new era now dawning upon us. We need the Negro. Cotton is still king, but cotton without the Negro is a king with out a crown. You are now in a hurry to adore new gods. The time will come in the 'sweet bye and bye' when you will return to do penance at the shrine of the ancient Southern divinity. In respect to the measures which should be adopted by this conven tion in respect to the Negro, Ido not believe that anything more! than a hearty general resolution of good will is necessary. The Negro must work out his own salvation, as the white man had to do. Paternalism is not in har mony with the idea of our Repub lican government. It is men that constitute the State, not wards or children. But just as a chain is no stronger than its weakest link, so a government is no stronger than its weakest element I'rom the time that the Son of God was obliged to come down from heaven to help the white race and every other race to achieve salvation, the superior must help the inferior. I respectfully ask the proper com mittee to formulate a resolution expressing to the Negro race of the South a guarantee of full pro tection of life and property uuder the laws of the land, and assurance j of Southern sympathy and guid ance in their perfection as citizens of the United States." Dr" Lucey's utterances have the right ring,' and if a few other Southerners had the same con victions and the courage to express them, the frequent clashes between the two races in the South would soon become a remembrance. At last Mr. Bryan has a "Bark er" on his trail that promises to put him up a tree at the next general election. Kindly remember our advertisers when yon buy. Also speak a good word for The Republican. COUNTRY PRESS United for a General Fourth of Jnly Celebration in Every Com munity in the State—ldeas that Call Forth Editorial Comment- Circulating Iyiar 1,00.50 Again— Sunday Closing I,aw Don't Work Well in This State— Yakima Has a Kick to Regis ter—Other Editorial Calls- General State Review. Auburn Argus: "Thanks, Bro. Cay ton, for your sympathy. But we'll sympathize with you after the convention is over. Wooding will win, you know." And, if he is, it will be neither the worse nor the better for us. We lived under the Moyer administration aud we can live under a Wooding admin istration should such a thing ever lie a reality. Auburn Argus: "Bro. Cay ton need not waste any sympathy upon us. It is plainly evident whose collar Bro. Caytou wears." So many politicians have had their collars about "Bro. Cayton's" neck that you are justified, be yond measure, in making the above allegation. Should we have worn more collar's of politicians, per haps, we would not now be wear ing debt's collar for the necessities of life. Newspaper men who have the happy faculty of making all of the politicians "dig up" seem to be the "real thing" and are always able to either wear dia monds or roll in sumptuous living, while those who try to be fair eventually go broke and have to work for the other fellow. "Todays forecast -hot aud stormy," says last Satuday'a Se attle Review, on which day the Democratic county convention was held. And a good many Demo cratic politicians got thunder struck during the storm, so comes the report from the convention hall, and among the number that got struck was the man who runs the Review. "Largest circulation of any weekly paper in Pierce county," advertises the Sun of Tacoma, which, even with that, is not say ing very much for a circulating lie. You will have to spread yourself a little more than that to catch patent medicine adds, Brer. Tugwell, or you will get them, I do not think. "No man should be nominated for vice-president who would not make a president," thinks the Centralia Chronicle, and winch is about correct, but most any man that has been spoken off in con nection with the vice presidency would make about as good a president as the other fellow, so if that be the only requisite shut your eyes and choo«e one. From the Chehalis Examiner it is learned that the Gray's Harbor Ministerial Association is oppos ing the running of trains on the branch road entering that section on Sundays. Since trains are being promiscuously run all over the United States in general and the state of Washington in particu lar ou Sundays the kick of the ministers on running trains on that road does not seem well founded. Let Sunday train run ning be stopped all over the state and then stop it on the branch road is the thing that the ministers should try to do, that is, if they desire to oppose anything of that nature. At Stevenson a merchant and a saloon man were recently arrested for keeping their respective places of business open on Sun day. A jury was impaneled and the case was gone over the defendants not denying the allegations of the prosecution. That the city of Stevenson would not loose trade, the same going to some neighboring town, the jury, in spite of the statutes, rendered a verdict of "not guilty" on the pre text that to close up the business bouses on Sunday there and no where else would ruin the town. If this is not the capping verdict that any jury ever returned then the capping one should be brought to the front forthwith if not sooner. PRICE FIVE CENTS According to the Yakima Eerald Yakima county is half again as large an Puerto Rico and is fully as rich in natural re sources, and yet the government will not give North Yakima a public building worth $20,000, when thousands up on top of thousands are being spent on Puerto Rico. Thats what North Yakima gets for having white citizens instead of copper colored ones as has Puerto Kico. The scales will turn some time. _ Memorial Day at Mt. Vernon promises to be more betittingly commemorated than ever before in the history of the city. Ex- Senator Wilson has promised to speak on that occasion, and the Argus of that city says the Rusell post is to be congratulated on securing so able a speaker as Mr. Wilson. The editor frankly ad mits that he has no particular love for the Senator personally speak ing, but he is willing to acknow ledge his ability as a public speak er and perhaps the best in the state. Everett papers are rejoicing over the fact that the United States senate has made Everett a port of entry to this country. Everett seems to be quite in the swim at present and Jim Hill is doing the work, notwithstanding the fact that he is constantly flirting with Seattle, hoping there by to get more depot concessions for speculative purposes. It is gratifying to learn from the Snohomish papers that Sno homish county is in the best financial condition that it has baen for many years. This is the results of four years of McKin leyism in the United States. The voters are told by the Fusion press that the same conditions would have existed had Bryan been elected, but he was not elected, heuce such talk is speculation. Financial demoralization reigns supreme among the shingle men of this state, so report the papers from the various shingle sections, and such is so, owing largely to over production. To straighten out the tangled web it is proposed to close down the mills for sixty days or more, which order has been sent out, and already par tially put into effect. Surely the Coulee City News does not want the outside world to understand that the county offi cials of Douglas county are really "bad men," simply because they are Republicans. Party prin ciples may not always be to the opposite partisan's liking, but it is un-Christian like to brand mem as quasi criminals for no other reason than because they were elected by the voters of an opposi tion party. Do you see the point, Bro. Ogders? It Hon. J. O 1 B. Scoby is as suc cessful in preserving guberna torial nominations as he is in pre serving strawberries, then there is no use for any one else in this state to apply for the governor ship job for Scobey has it care fully packed away in one of his preserve jars. The state press is generally speaking well of Mr. Scobey's candidacy, perhaps, be cause he was once one of the state gang before he got "offis." 'Judge White flew oft on an ex pansion tangent," says the Wash ington Standard, "but has returned to the party, having found no place to light outside of the Demo cratic ark of safety." Your Judge White is of that vacilating politi cal kind that no other party, save the Democratic party, would have him, for that reason he was com pelled to return to his first and only love. Editor Montgomery of the Sum ner Herald wants it distinctly understood that he is not a Rogers man so far as the governorship is concerned. Not being a Fawcett man it begins to look as though he is decidedly a Montgomery man for governor. From some of the exchanges that reach this office, it is observed that the "grave yard" poet is still imposing upon their respective communities in commemoration of departed loved ones. However dear the departed one in to the living, nevertheless, such poetic slush is enough to make the dead turn in their graves in utter disgust.