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vol. vii no; 10 '96-'flO STATISTICS Interstate Commerce—A Foreign Trade of Two and a Quarter Bilion Doilars—Exports - Imports —Money in Circulation - Increase of Railroad Employese— Other Items of Interest. (Special Correspondence.) The statistical report of the in terstate commerce commission shows for the year ending June 30, 1899, the total single track mileage in the United States was 189,294, an in crease for the year of 2,898. This increase is greater than for any year since 1893. The aggregate length of mileage, including tracks of all sorts, was 252,301. There were 36, --703 locomotives in service at the end of the year, of 469 more than for the year ended June 30, 1898. The to tal number of cars of all classes in the service was 1,375,916, an in crease of 49,742. The number of persons employed on railroads was 928,924. and increase for the year of 54,366. All these improvements are a part of the existing prosperity under this administration. On June 1, 1896, the total circu lation of money in the United States was $1,521,584,283. Of this amount a little less than $500,0Q0,000 was in the form of gold and gold certifi cates. Jn the following four years the enormous sum of half a billion dollars has been added to the people's money. This is in excess of the coin age value of all the silver mined in the United States, at a ratio of 16 to 1, since 1896. The per capita circu lation of the country has expanded from $21.35 on June 1, 1896, to $26.50 on June 30, 1900—a gain of $5.15 per capita in four years. The foreign trade of the United States for the fiscal year just ended, amounted to almost two and a quar ter billion dollars, and was the larg est in our history, imports amount ed to $849,714,329, and the exports of American products and manufac tures were' 51,394,479,214. The ag gregate figures of our foreign trade reached $2,244,193,543.. Compared with previous years the imports of the 1900 fiscal year have been exceeded only once, in 1893, when they were $16,700,000 larger. The value of our exports last year has ] never been exceeded, the largest pre vious total being for 1898, when they were $163,000,000 less than in the year just ended. The following table shows our imports and exports in each fiscal year since 1890: Year— , Imports. Exports. IS9O $789,310,409 $ 857,828,684 ] 1891 844,916,196 884,480,810 1892 827,402,462 1,030,278,148 1893 866,400,922 847,C65,194 - 1894 054,994,622 892,140,572 1895 731,969,965 807,53<\165 1896 779,724,674 882,606,938 1897 764,730,412 1,050,91-3,556 189S 616,049,654 1,231,482,330 1899 697,148,489 1,227,02^,302 1900 849,714,329 1,394,479,214 Next it is of interest to know the total volume of our import and ex port trade, with our favorable or un favorable balance in each year, thus: Total Foreign Favorable iear- Trade. Balance. 3£90 $1,647,139,093 $ 68,518,275 1891 1,729,397,00»; 39,564,614 1892 1,857,680,610 202,575,686 1893 1,714,066,116 *18,737,728 189j 1,574,135,914 237.115,950 1895 1,539,508.130 75.565.200 1896 1,662,331,612 102,882,264 189" 1.815,723.968 286,263,144 1898 1,847,531,984 615,432,676 1899 1,924,171,791 529,874,813 1900 2.244.193,543 544,764,855 •unfavorable. Only once from 1890 to 1900 has our foreign trade balance been against us, and that was to the ex tent of $18,737,728, in 1893. Dur ing the other ten years the balance of our foreign trade in our favor amounted to $2,702,880,507, or at the average rate of $270,288,000 a year. During the last four years our fa vorable_foreign trade balance has reached almost two billion dollars— to be exact, $1,976,335,518. During the three complete fiscal years 1898-1900, under the adminis tration of President MeKinley, our favorable foreign trade balance ag gregated no less a sum than $1,690, --072,374. We are more than a two billion dollar country as far as our foreign trade is concerned—we are well on the way to being a three billion dol lar country. This is expansion of the best kind. Now for one more comparison, showing how the foreign trade of the United States compares with that of Great Britain and of Germany, the figures for the two latter countries being for the calendar year ending December 31, 1899, while those for the United States are for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1300: Country— ,f% Imports. Exports. Great Britain $2,360,619,989 $1,289,971,039 Germany 1,236,888,380 949,957,960 United States ... 849,714,329 1,394,479,214 The imports of the United. States: are the smallest, and our exports are the results of the late Republican the largest. Therefore our trade bal ance must be the most favorable. Let us see what it is: Total Foreign Country— Trade. Balance. Great Britain ... .$3,650,591,028 —$1,070,648,950 Germany 2,186,846,340 —280,930,420 United States ... 2,244,193,543 +544.764,885 Last year Great Britain had an unfavorable trade balance that ex ceeded a billion dollars. Germany's unfavorable trade balance amounted to $286,930,420. But the trade bal ance in favor of the United States amounted to $544,764,885. Another fact that is very import ant is this: The United States is now a larger exporting nation than j the United Kingdom, our exports 1 last. year exceeding those of the mother country by $104,508,175. The director of the mint states that there are $16,628,323 of 5-cent pieces and $9,952,892 of 1-cent pieces outstanding. This gives an idea of the enormous number of! these little coins necessary to trans act the business of the country. Since the coinage of these pieces be- i gan the total number that have been coined is, of 5-cent pieces, $17,991, --298; 1-cent bronze, $10,072,310. imports of merchandise at Manila in 1899 were worth $17,450,412 the ; duty collected thereon being $3,364, --090. The value of the goods re ceived from the United States was $1,350,364, China, England and Spain each supplying more than this country. The new commercial arrangement with Germany is made under the third section of the Dingley law, and is within the complete discretion of the president. . The duty on argols - imported from Germany is fixed at! 5 per cent, ad valorem; brandies or other distilled spirits, $1.75 per proof gallon;.-ehanpaigne and, other spark- ; ling wines, in quart bottles, $6 per ! dozen; still wines and vermouth, in casks, 35 cents per gallon, and paint- ' ings in oil or water colors, pastels, pen and ink drawings and statuary, 15 per cent, ad valorem. Our ex ports of meat and food products to Germany will benefit by getting rid of some of the exacting and discrim inating duties which have heretofore been levied or threatened. ORGANIZING A BATTALION. Lieut. Col. Frank W. Spear is making arrangements to organize a battalion of cavalry in this state. Two troops are to be organized in Seattle, one in Spokane and one in Tacoma. It has been suggested that one company should be colored, both officers and men. The colored troops will be assigned to Seattle, but will be drawn from every part of the state. Active recruiting will be commenced in September, and in ; case of war the battalion will be ready for foreign service by Novem ber. It is said that large bodies of cavalry will be required for service in China. The intention of Col. Spear and the other officers will be to offer the services of the battalion direct to the secretary of war. It is also possible that two other battal ions will be organized in Oregon and Idaho, making a full regiment. It is said that Lieut. Smith, late of the independent battalion, is slated for captain of the Tacoma troop, and that Lieut. Leonard P. Spear will be selected as battalion adjutant. The officers of the various troops will be j elected by the men as soon as fifty! men are enrolled in each troop. , | All communications should be ad dressed to Lieut. Leonard P. Spear, acting adjutant, No. 1020 First ave nue, Seattle, Wash. - ' ■ t> • m Seattle should breathe easy once more as the "foreign devils" have been crushed in the politics of King county. They died hard but died they did. Knickerbocker, Lysons and Lewis, their aids, should i follow their masters to new fields, where pastures will be more green for the laddies. • SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 3, 1900. NEW ORLEANS HAS ■ A Desperate Negro Desperado Who Defends His I^ife to the Bitter End, Killing Eleven Persons and Fatally Wound ing Others—He is Finally Killed, but Sells His Life Very Dearly—Other Race News. Charles, the desperate New Or leans Negro, may have been flagrant ly guilty of crime ere the first at tempt was made by the officers of the law to arrest him. He may have Ijene even more" guilty of crime in deliberately shooting to death the two officers of the.law who attempt ed to arrest him, but perhaps the crime that he was -originally guilty of was such a nature that he knew ne would be lynched if he was ever taken into the custody of the officers, for it must be remembered that Ne groes are lynched for most any petty offence that they commit in the South; and for that reason he de termined to not be arrested and di vested of every nfeans for the protec tion of Jus hie. After he had killed two men he was quite confident, that to be taken alive meant a most hor rible death for him, hence he fought with a desperation that knew no bounds, when once cornered. When a man single-handed and alone suc ceeds in standing off a mob as did Charles and selling out his life as dearly as did he, some how or other ere goes up a spark of admiration tor the man from the bosom of all brave men. The cries of "Burn him at the stake!" and "Kill him!" which he could hear from the turbu lent mob that surged about his tem porary fort told him too plainly that his hours were numbered. He there fore said, "Though 1 go I shall take company with me!" and every time his Winchester rung out a man bit the dust, and he continued this until some eleven persons had been killed. It has been a long time since a color ed man in the South showed so much bravery, but this one is to be com mended for selling out just as dearly as he did. It not only took the en tire police force'of New Orleans, but the state militia as well to kill their man, and when they succeeded they found that it had been done so at a terrible loss to the "superior race/ who had joined in. a nigger hunt. The enraged white citizens, Chinese Boxer-like, not being able to kill the man they wanted, killed every other colored man they could see, yet they now realize what it is to arrest a i\egro who knows he is going to be lynched and makes up his mind to sell out as dearly as possible. Let the same spirit of bravery, despera tion, or whatever you may call it, be come common among the Southern Negroes and lynch Jaw will not be of much longer duration. Would it have been possible or probable that Charles or other Negroes to get a fair and impartial trial when they commit crime, then it would be the duty of all Negroes to help to bring to justice any Negro that commits a crime against the peace and dignity of the state; but such is impossible, and inasmuch as it is to be force against force, violence and despera tion against such, 'and mobs against mobs, then it is the duty of the Ne gro population of the South to play its part and play it just, as did Charles of New Orleans. NEGROES TREATED INHU MANLY. Repeatedly has The Republican pointed out the fact that, if the Ne groes of the South were treated a* humanely as they are in the North and other sections of the globe, where they are to be found in great numbers ,there would not now nor would there ever have existed a race conflict between the whites and the blacks in the South. Now comes the Medical Record, one of the leading periodicals of the country, and de clares that the Negro, who existed in large numbers, so large as to be at one time considered alarming, in the country of Mexico, who, having been taken to Mexico under similar cir cumstances as brought to this coun try, for slaves, but who were freed in 1813; but not having been branded as. outcasts by their former masters, as was the case in the South, being treated humanely with the view of making citizens of them, have been finally absorbed by the citizens, and are making even better citizens than the Spaniards. More progressive and more accumulative in the wealth of the world. Just the opposite has been the treatment of the Southern Negro by the "superior race" of the i arted States. Since his emancipa tion he has been left to his fate by the men who set him free. Enraged over the fact of his fredom and de termined that he should never be aught else but a menial of the worst type, the Southern white man has murdered, maltreated and misused the Negro until he has succeeded in making of him a revengeful, spite ful and retaliatory being who never loses an opportunity to do a white man a barn, when he can do so with out fear of detection, lie was lead into politics by one class of white citizens and shot out of politics by another class of white citizens, and both classes belong to the race that is now denouncing the unfitness of the American Negro for citizenship. The men who set him free and then rode him into, political battle have folded their arms in perfect content, i while the men who scourged him as j a slave are now shooting him as a freeman. Had a humane course been pursued with the newly emancipated j race instead of a bruttish one, as lias j the Southern Negro been subjected to >ime ls<>:>, the South would now be one of the most prosperous sec tions of this country, for the Negro would have taken to improvement, civilization and education a hundred per cent, more rapidly than he has tinder the circumstances, and that is saying a good deal. The Negro is naturally docile, and, if lie hase be come vicious, as he is now accused of being by the whites of that section, then the white man himself is solely Responsible for the same. The Ne gro's women folk lias been brutaliz ed, robbed and divested of their vir tue by the licentious white men of >outh. with the lavish use of money and means and with intimida tion and '"superior race"* cajoleries. While this was and is going on the black men are but silent spectators, for any interference to prevent such meant sudden death to them. If it occasionally happened that the out-' raged feelings of the Negro found ! vent in retaliation on some unfor tunate white woman, then he became a most dangerous adjunct to the peace and happiness of the commun- j ity, and the neighborhood, from the i cradle to the grave, were summoned to witness the burning of a vicious Negro at the stake. Nothing has been so instrumental in bringing about the present chaotic state of af fairs in the South than the barbarous j way the Negroes have been treated by the whites, who have been even more inhuman to them than were the Chinese Boxers to the mission-! aries. Pray, how much worse are the reports from China than those from New Orleans? Who would think that human beings living in a Christian land, and far advanced in the modern art of civilization could have ever committed such atrocities as are daily reported from the South as being perpretrated upon the de fenseless Xegroes by the cultured and Christian white citizens? One day, unless there is a change, the civ ilized world will be moving against the United States, just as it is today I against the Chinese empire, to pre vent the further slaughtering of the Negroes within our domain, and per haps the slaughtering of whites as well on the part of Southern crimi nals, for crime begets crime, and when one becomes steeped in it there is no telling as to where it will end. ILLITERATE White Voters in NC Now that the political fate of the Negroes in North Carolina is hang ing on a brittle thread, with a fair prospect of the thread breaking and the man at the lower end being plunged into a fathomless abyss be low, it might not be out of place to say a few words as to the ■situation and en use which have prompted such a retrogressive step. It has been given out to the world by the whites of the South in general that the Ne gro was an illiterate, ignorant per sonage and totally unfit to have the right of suffrage in his possession. Thirty-five years* trial as a citizen of the United States has not made much improvement in his condition as a slave and a chattel. He is no more fit from an educational stand- I joint to exercise the right of suf frage bow than when he was set free. While his white brethren are constantly advancing in the art of better citizenship the Negro is dete riorating, are some of the adverse criticisms the Negro is getting these days even from persons and locali ties lie did not expect. In the state of North Carolina today the "red shirt* terror reigns supreme, hop ing to make a majority of the white citizens vote to negative the Four teenth and Fifteenth amendments to the constitution of the Federal' government, because^ forsooth, the .Negro has not accomplished since iie has been free all that the preju diced minds of the whites expected him to do. But how about the edu cational condition of the white men in that state who are voting to dis franchise the Negro? The follow ing extract has been taken from the census report and will throw a dif feren: light on the subject in North Carolina: Illiteracy in North Carolina is in creasing, particularly among the whites. By the census of 1870 there were 38,111 illiterate white voters in North Carolina; in 1880, -±4,420; in 1890, 49,570 —an average increase of 800 illiterate voters a year, and a total of 21 per cent, of the entire white voting population. It strikes the writer that if the illiterate whites and blacks were all disfranchised in North Carolina and the South in general, there would no Longer he disturbing elements in the political world down there. Such a proceeding, it must be ad mine*!, would mean a loss of three fifths of the white voters and four iifth.- of the colored from the poll hooks, hni it would eliminate from the suffrage list the ignorant and illiterate, who know no more about what they are voting for and about than a stone statue, and it would then lie an easy matter for the edu cated blacks and whites to harmon ize their differences. REPKiIKET The King County Repnblioan Convention is a thing of the past- It took it two days to complete its labors, but it did them well. Hon. J. M. Frinks, endorsed by an overwhelming majority for governor and sixty-three delegates will work as a unit for his nomina tion. The nefarious and hellish-plot on the part of the Piper-Humes Ankeny gang to steal the conven tion, nuos' signally miscarried. Mr. S. H. Piles was made the pre siding officer. For Sheriff A. T. VAN DE VANTER For Superior Judges ARTHUR C. GRIFFIN W. R. BELL BOYD J. TALLMAN For Prosecuting Attorney W. H. WHITE For County Clerk C. A. KOEPFLI For County Auditor GEORGE B. LiMPING For County Treasurer J. W. McCONNAUGHEY For Count) Assessor W. A. BAILEY For Superintendent of Schools W. G. HARTRANFT For County Suveyor CLARENCE E. WHITE For County Coromer DR. C E. HOVE For County Wreckmaster DR.SAMUEL BURDETTE For County Commissioner, Second District L. C. SMITH For County Commissioner, Third District P. J. SMITH For State Senator, Twenty-Fourth District DR. J. J. SMITH PRICE FiVE CENTS For Representative, Thirty-Eighth District -JOHN RINES For Representative, Thirty-Eighth District JOHN BARCLAY For Representative, Thirty-Ninth District FRED W. COMSTOCK For Representative, Thirty-Ninth District DAVID BRUCE For Representative, Fortieth Dis trict REUBEN W. JONES For Representative, Fortieth Dis trict JOSEPH DA WES For Representative, Forty-First District Z. B. RAWSON For Representative, Forty-First District W. H. LEWIS For Representative. Forty-Second District It. B. ALBERTSON For Representative, Forty-Second District F. It. BURCH For Representative, Forty-Third District O. A. TUCKER For Representative, Forty-Third District EDGAR C. RAINE For Representative, Forty-Third District WATSON ALLEN For Justices of the Peace, Seattle It. B. GEORGE T. H. CANN For Constable, Seattle SAMUEL KAUFMAN Following is the list of the delegates to the state convention, who are instructed to secure, by all fair and honorable means, the nomination for governor of i Senator J. M. Frink: T. H. Bain B. Williams S. C. Woodruff I. A. Mosss J. H. C. A. Taylor L. T. Haas D. W. Griffin Harry Emery J. H. Calvert George B. Kittinger It. A, Wright J. H. Powell R. H. Young C. M. Anderson W. H. Morris H. L. Sizer James D. Hoge, Jr. John B. Ault James Gregg H. R Cayton E. B. Palmer George E. Morris J. C. Redvvard Jed. G. Blake J. D. Jones D. B. Ward Albro Gardner' S. J. Meek Angus Young Ira Bronson J. E Crichton H. It. Shepherd J. A. Whalley S. J. Williams S. H. Piles J. H. McGraw F 0. Harper Will H. Parry Jacob Furth Frank Paul Harold Preston Milo A. Root J. P. Hartman C, P. Stone A. J. Goddard A. H. Can- George W. Deßolt L. S. Hawley H. 13. Richards J. R. Weatherby C 0. Anderson G. A. Brooke M. F. Hatch E. P. Kendall M. Morgans A. A. Risedorph W. J. Shinn A. T. Van De Vanter Mike Kelly 0. L. Campbell O. Bassett M. B.Sachs.