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VOL. VII NO. 25
BROTHER II BLACK Under Critical Observation in the United States. No More Negroes in Congress Tvs kegee's Tenth Conference-Ta coma's Turner—Civil Rights Case in Spokane—New York Race Riot. When the fifty-sixth congress shal have become a thing of the past and it.- membership retired to pri vate life, it will mark an 'epoch in the political-history of this country such as has not been witnessed since ih:o. There will retire from that con gress the lion. George H. White, of North Carolina, who for the past h\ years has been a member of that body, and who might be said to some extent to represent the Xegroes of the United States in the chief law making body of the country, and with him every vestige of Afro- Americanism retires from the Uni ted States congress. Since 1870, when Dr. Hiram R. Revels was elected to the United States senate from the state of Mis sissippi to succeed Jefferson Davis, the late president of the Confeder ate states, there has always been a Xegro in one branch or the other of the United States congress, but the fifty-seventh congres will be uhered into existence without there being a single Xegro as a member thereof. After the overthrow of the Eadical party in the South in 18*."), here and there congressional districts in which large numbers of colored vot ers lived have managed to at least elect one Xegro to congress, but even that has now passed into in nocuous desuetude. There are at present about ten million Xegroes in the United States, and it is rather remarkable that there are not one, two. three, and even more, persons who belong to that race members, not only of • the house of representatives, but ■mhers of the United States Then 1 lias never been two colored United States sena tors, both hailing from Mississippi, Dr. Hiram R. Revels, and Hon. B. K. Bruce. Owing to the number of colored voters that have heen dis franchised in the various Southern States, where they are found in the greatest numbers, it will be utterly impossible for any one of them to be elected to eongre? or to any other of fice so far as that is concerned for the next two or three decades, per haps half a century. The Xegroes, however, are becoming strong politi cal factors in many of the Xorthern states and it is more than likely that some black Moses will rise up in Kansas, lowa, Illinois or Ohio, and receive the nomination for congress and be elected despite the opposi tion of the Southern whites, and Democracy in general. TENTH TISKEIiEE CONFERENCE. Already circulars are being sent out from Tuskegee, the Booker T. Washington Xornial school in Ala bama, for the holding of the tenth Tuskegee Xegro conference, which will convene Wednesday, February 80, 1901. These conferences have become rather remarkable in that section of the country among not only the colored folk, but the white folk as well, and hundreds of them attend the meetings every year. The Tuskegee conference was first estab lished ten years ago. and it at first attracted but few visitors. The ef ficiency of the work, however, caus ed them to be widely discussed in the various newspapers of Alabama and the adjoining states, which at tracted large numbers of farmer?, and they soon assumed state import ance. The colored farmers, avlio have been pegging away since their emancipation raising three or four hales of cotton a year and twenty five or thirty bushels of grain, after attending one session of that confer ence began a systematic evolution in farming, as well as farm products, and a marked improvement was ob served the first year thereafter. Xow old colored men, who had learned nothing of either the art of farming or the science of farm manipulation, are reporting each year at those con ferences of the improved conditions of their farms, the convert ion of this (• that worthless article into a pay ig industry, and how he has grown i finances since he first received in ructions from the Tuskegee con ference. Prof. Washington, who is at the ' head.of the institution, has wisely employed ><>m^ of the best agricul turists of the country to lecture on, these occasions, and he has also had i The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN men of economical experience, who have been able to utilize everything that has been raised on a farm, to make their farms a paying industry. instead of a something on which to eke out a mere existence for their owners. The whites at first were, loath to attend institutions or con ferences that were set apart and con trolled by Xegroes, and for a while one or two only attended, more for curiosity's sake than for the real good that they expected to gain j therefrom, hut this, too, has been j overcome, and now on the appointed | day hundreds of them from the farms of Alabama are seen making their way to Tuskegee to be preseni lat the sessions of the conference. While the institution is for the most part self-sustaining, yet it has to purchase a great many thing- from the farmers, as well as sell a great many things to them, hence the white fanners as well as the colored farmers about Tuskegee sell every thing that is raised on their farms to that institution, which has an at tendance of something upwards of 2,000 students. The following ex tract from the circular sent out by Booker T. Washington concerning this conference is herewith quoted: Kxtrnot from Circular. "Ten years have passed since the first conference was held and there are many evidences that show the good influence of the movement on the masses of the people. THE XKGRO CONFERENCE IS WOK KING ALONG S PECIFH! AM) WELL DEFINED LINES; it i> seeking to make the Negro himself improve his own condition, materially, morally and intellectual ly. The ways in which the Negro can do this are: first, to raise his food supplies at home; second, to get out of debt and make no more mortgages: third, to stop loafing around town OX SATURDAY in idleness and drunkenness; fourth, to oppose at all times the excursion habit: fifth, to have at least two rooms to his house; sixth, to pro long the school term by having a private supplement fund; seventh, TO BUY HOMES AND FARMS. These are the primary objects and aims of the Xegro conference and they can be accomplished without the aid of any political party, with out forever complaining about prej udice and without leaving the coun try." TIR.VEK TAKES TACOMA. The re-election of County Asses sor Hill, of Pierce county, means the continuance of Mr. Will Turner as chief deputy in the assessor's of fice of that county. Mr. Turner is said to be one of the most thorough men that has ever been in the coun ty assessor's office in Pierce county or any other county in this state. It is also said that he knows every tract of land in the county, and can almost tell everything that the own ers would want to know about it without even turning to the books. This will make Mr. Turners tenth year in that office, and at the expir ation of Mr. Hill's term there is no doubt but that he will be the next assessor of that county. He could have been the nominee of the party in 189(5, but he desired another posi tion, hence he refused the nomina tion. Mr. Turner iw a graduate of of the trainee high school of Cin cinnati, and has the reputation of being one of the most accurate ac countants in the state of Washing ton, and this, too, despite the fact that he is an Afro-American, the al leged inferior race. I _ NBGMMBS \VA\T PI-ACES, Quite a number of Xegro politi cians are expecting to receive ap pointments at the hands of the sev enth legislature of this state, which convenes January 14, 1901. They expect this more this year than ever before from the very fact that dur ing the four years the Populists have had control of the legislature. quite a number of colored men were given places as helpers during the sessions. Already applications have been received by the respective members of the coming seventh legislature from colored men at Spo kane, Roelyn, Tacoma and Seattle, with others to hear from. From a partisan standpoint The Republican believes that it would be wise and consistent for some one or two places j to be set apart or decided upon by the members of the legislature to give to some colored applicant from Spokane, and from Roslyn, as well as from Tacoma and Seattle. Four \ of them could be very nicely cared for, and still no friction would be caused or should be caused by other persons in like positions. Just what places they want is more than this paper is prepared to state just now, but evidently they want something and they ought to have it. Desk room for rent, 714 3rd Aye. HOLMES AND CIVIL, RIGHTS. It has been learned at this office that E. H. Holmes, of Spokane, Wash., has lost his civil rights case, which he caused to be instituted some months ago. It seems that Mr. Holmes and his wife were re fused accommodations at a certain restaurant in that city and believing that such was a violation of the laws of this state, he instituted both civil and criminal proceedings against the keper for the insult. His attor neys believed that it was best to push the criminal case first, so it first went to trial, before a local justice of the peace, and after a whole week's pro ceedings of the affair the justice held the restaurant keeper to the superior court in heavy bonds. A civil suit was then filed against the restaurant keeper, asking $5,000 j damages on the part of Mr. Holmes for being refused accommodations at a public inn. This case went to trial last week and consumed an en tire week. The jury retired late last Friday, and after a deliberation which lasted through the entire night, returned a verdict the next day for the defendant, denying Mr. Holmes the right to claim any dam age for being refused accommoda tion by a restaurant keeper. Whether or not the case will go to the supreme court will depend sole ly upon the financial condition of Mr. Holmes and his friends. A great many persons in this state, both white and black, would be glad to see the matter taken to the supreme court and have a ruling on it. If the law is unconstitutional they would like to know that fact, and it would thereby prevent a great deal of unpleasantness and embarrass ment on the part of proprietors and patrons of restaurants and other places of public accommodation. If it is generally known that this or that place will not accommodate persons of color, or persons of dis tinct nationality, and if it is general ly known that there is no law to compel the proprietor to do so, then there will be no unpleasant difficul ties or humiliations occurring in those places, for the objectionable colored patrons would have sense ' enough for the most part at least, to stay out. SEW YORK'S RACE RIOTS. ,' Early in - Oefol)er**there occurred a race riot, in New York, in which a number of colored folks were badly beaten by the police and the citizens. This riot, it seems, started among the slums of both the Negroes and whites in New York City, and the police were called in to quell the same, but instead of dealing with the rioters as they should have done, they became distinct allies of the whites, and many hundreds of the colored folks were clubbed almost to insensibility in the streets, and in many instances persons wholly inno cent of being connected with the riot in any manner, shape or form were badly beaten by the police. It is also said that many colored per sons were hunted down at their homes, dragged out by the police and handed over to the infuriated mob, and were beaten unmercifully and were driven from place to place by the rioters. An investigation was ordered by the mayor of New York, apparently for nothing else than election purposes, for no sooner was the election over than the in vestigation was abruptly discontin ued. Now, the colored folks do not believe that the police acted accord ing to law in that affair and have ap plied to Gov. Roosevelt to continue the investigation from a gubernator ial -standpoint, and their appeal has been favorably looked upon by the governor, and it is said that he will order a thorough investigation of the whole affair. It was but a short time ago that Mayor Van Wyck was threatened with removal by the governor for the part he played in the great New York ice trust, and it is given out now that if it be true that he has refused to continue the investigation, and that the police are guilty of the crime that they are reported to Iml guilty of, the gover nor may take steps toward the re moval of Mayor Van Wyck from the mayoralty of Greater New York. The A. M. E. churcht loses an other bishop in M. M. Moore, whose death is reported in another column. He was one of the five elevated to the bishopric at the last general con ference, which met in Columbus last July. He was an eloquent speaker, and was counted a tireless worker.— Outlook. This office has received a number of letters of inquiry concerning an assurance association for Negroes only. It is investigating it slowly, but surely, and will answer those let ters through the columns of this paper in the very near future. Dr. Burdett seems to be at the head of it. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1900. ITEMS OF INTEREST Pooled and Picked Up by Our Man About Town. A General Observation of Men and | Things—Pacts and Figures About Nations and Their Customs— Unole Sam's Great Commercial Increase. Paris has sixty wholesale firms that deal exclusively in mushrooms. Great Britain makes 800,000,000 yards of linen a year. The Turkish people believe that the sun retires at night for prayer and religious recreation. It is said that an ox can carry on a day's journey 200 jKmnds, a camel 400 and a man 30. England ha.s two new members of ■the house of commons who are mar ried to American women. According to a geolgist the sand on the African desert varies in depth from thirty to forty feet. Statistics declare that twenty mil lion tons of coal are brought into London every year and consumed. The rib.s of tobacco leaves are now being converted into pulp from which paper is made. The mineral output of Canada for the year 1S!)<) is placed at $17,000, --000,"of which $81,049,000 was gold. A couple in Elizabeth, Pa., who have been married sixty years now have 227 descendants. In Michigan compressed air mo tors are rapidly supplanting the use of mules in the various mines of the state. According, to a dispatch from British India, that government has just expended $12,500,000 on new guns for its army. Spain has one million women who "work in the fields as day laborers and 350,000 women registered as day servants. None of them earn lil lie more than their daily -bread. Easton, Pennsylvania, has a wo man who was recently fined $50.25 for uttering seventy-five oaths or Gt cents for each oath by the police judge. It is now reported that there were 600 ""cow punchers" hailing from Nebraska, Wyoming and Colorado among the Canadian volunteers who fought in South Africa. Twenty years ago Toronto, ('ana da, began the erection of a city hall, which was to cost but $300,000. The hall is by no means near completed as yet, and it has cost $2,345,000. The tanners of this country are using electricity in their business al most exclusively, and this is espce ialy done where electricity can be successfully reached. Consumption seems to bo the fatal disease of Norway, and physicians declare that not less than 7,000 in habitants of that country die an nually from its ravages. Titled Canadians have now reach ed the fatal number of thirteen, which is made up of seven peers and six baronets. Of non-hereditary knights Canada boasts of thirty-two. London has suffered considerably for the past year from an ostrich plume famine, which has been caus ed by the war in South Africa. It is said'over $4,000,000 worth of feath ers are sold yearly in London. Juvenile smoking in Australia seems to l>e encouraged rather than forbidden, and smoking rooms are bulit in connection with various school houses, where the young ur chins can go out and smoke at pleasure. There are eight states in this Union of states which have uniform ly voted for. Republican presidents since 1860, viz: Maine, New Hamp shire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Minnesota. Rhode Island, Pennsyl vania and lowa. A cave has been discovered in Jef ferson county, Indiana, which it is thought will rival the famous un derground passage of Kentucky. Its aperture was accidentally discover ed and expert geologists are now ex ploring the underground cavern. A German syndicate has just pur chased a large strip of land in the mountains of Eastern Kentucky, on which they estimate there is at present standing 800,000 varieties of the finest specimens of oak trees. These are to be judiciously converted into lumber. Queen Victoria has a private rail way station at Oshorne. her country home, and no one, not even mem bers of the family, are allowed to it?e j the station but her. The royal yacht is connected with the station, and from this she can either enter hei yacht or her railway coach. A Cincinnati school board clerk whelhas been considered one of the most honest and upright of men and who has been working on the board for a number of years, has succeed ed ia. stealing $100,000 and was not detected until he had resigned and ab>eonded for parts unknown. In Persia human tears are said to Ihe i remedy for chronic diseases, andijii every funeral the bottling of teacs is one of the chief ceremonial ritefc,. The mourners are presented ! with sponges on which to wipe their j eye*j and the fluid is extracted from \ theni, bottled and sold for medicin al purposes. J In a coal mine at Daulton, 0.. there is" a pet mule by the name of Jim, which has been in that mine for many years. Lately Jim was transferred to another mine, where upon-400 miners at once struck and reiwjjjfjd positively to go back to work until Jim was brought back to the ip.in-', which was done. Mr. Hayes, who is to succeed Col lis P. Huntington, as president of the Southern Pacific railway system, first began work as a brakeman on that road at $7 per week. From one position to another he has meritori ously stepped into until he has reached the presidency of the great est railway system in the world. Some of the soldiers and army of ficers who are now serving in the Philippine islands are asking the war department to be discharged from the service for the express pur pose of going into business in that island. Where the applicant con- > vinces the officers that such is his i intention, he is at once discharged from further army duties. When a couple in Russia enters the church for the marriage cere mony, both bride and groom make a rush, for the platform on which the pulpit stands. It is believed by the peasants that the one whose foot first touches the platform will live the longer, and that the children will tako after that one in size, health and beauty. The desk which was formerly owned by Robert G. ingersoll and sit in his office at Peoria, 111., and , n!i which many of his ablest articles , were penned has been recently pur- . ed by the Y. M. C. A. of that city and the same placed in their ra city, and the same placed in their railroad department. The desk was -ecured by that organization more .t'lnfito and a? a rebnke to In gersollism than for its real or in- ' trinsk- value. Frank Daniels will be at the Se- , at tie theater next week in a new role. It is that of the ruler of Af ghanistan in a comic opera called "The Ameer." The opera is de scribed as having all the ear marks of success, and in Xew York last winter it was pronounced "the comic ( oj>era success of the season." But for that matter, so long as Daniels is not tempted to stray from the well beaten path of comedy into more serious lanes, it is doubtful if any \ production he undertakes will be called a failure. Frank Daniels has a humor all his own. At Lacona, New York, lives Rev. Daniel Daly, who is the rector of a little Episcopal church in that community. Rev. Daly is a brother of the multi-millionaire Marcus Daly, who recently died, but unlike his wealthy brother, all of his pos sessions would not sell for $1,500; in fact, he is in abject poverty. Rev. Daly does not regret that his brother did not include him in his will of millions, for they had been separated for many years and did not know the whereabouts of each other until recently, when letters were passed between them. There is another brother living who is worth his millions, and it is thought that he will make some pro vision for Rev. Daly. An inexhaustible oil field has been struck near Sacramento, CaL, at the headwaters of Cache creek. It was discovered by watching an old farmer who was selling petro leum of the most refined quality to the oil dealers of that city without giving any explanation as to where he got it from. Detectives were put on his track and he was traced to the well from whence the oil had been taken. There was a rush at once for the community, and while the old granger would not sell his farm or any part thereof, other wells have been located and it is said by geologists that there is an inexhaust aWe field of oil in that section of the country, ft is also said to be the richest, most refined and purest pe troleum ever taken from the ground. Mr. Charles S. Jones, who former- j ly lived in this city and was steward of the Washington Club, who went East some two years ago, has return ed and will again try the Queen City. Hon. E. B. Palmer has returned from a two weeks' hunting trip in Idaho and Eastern Washington. Telephone Main 305 for desk j room. Steam heat. TOWN TOPICS Culled and Collected From the World of Science. I ■ Who Puts In a Pew Pointed Punches As to the Way Things Are Going, Political and Other wise—Personal and Local Para graphs. A ballot box isn't hard to fill in Kentucky. Jimmie Ham is talking for publi- To the Editor: The — and Blethen have taken hold of the Democratic party. Time has seemed to set the seal of its approval on one-dollar gas. The new chief of police is a thin pretension trotting along behind "sloppy distress."' Aguinaldo Blethen should cover the past with planks—so far as his banking record is concerned. Ronald didn't cut the congres sional stick. lie might find relief by occasionally writing '"Krug-ged 5' stories for the Court News. The Socialists- never miss a meal or salute a saw-buck. Their form of exercise largely depends on the con dition of the wind. Spokane Robinson's wit (-) won't be an appreciative quality in the next congress. The Republican cy clone stood him in a patch of dog fennel. Rev. (?) Clark Davis should not be permitted to remain in his posi tion of semi-obscurity. What's the matter with the voice of his coun trymen? The Evening Bladder's editorials cation. Standing in front of a look ing-glass .twisting his beautiful sas satras whiskers is more becoming, it is hoped that the "kurnel" will bother us no moah. Hundred* of puckers are acquiring "'education." at the -.hands;' of 'quack doe-tors. The Republican Believes that some of these "scavengers" are good penitentiary timber. Justice is -lowly approaching. Little Jay Allen, of Floridah, sah! is becoming ambitious to blossom as a candidate. The Republican will scratch his head with the corrugated elbow of a stovepipe if he runs for office at the next election. This is not a draft of cold air, Mr. Josephus. The mayor—the biggest disap pointment in the community—has degenerated into a cold chill with a hollow cough. Slowly the old man is sinking out of sight. Killing game out of season may be forgotten, out political treachery lives in the minds of succeeding generations. The Republican makes a motion that the gamblers be put on the chain gang. A stiff on the rascals and they would never set foot on this soil again. The duty must be performed. THE CAUSE OF HIS DEFEAT. The Spokesman-Review copies what purports to be an interview with a Washington Star reporter and the Hon. John L. Wilson, of this state. The article has caused a decided sensation in political circles, and further developments are ex pected. It seems that Mr. Wilson accounted for the defeat of Senator Frink by the assertion that it was caused by the unpopularity of Gov. J. H. McGraw. Now, we have no desire to enlarge on the above state ment or vouch for its truth or fals ity, but simply use it as a base for some reflections on the existing con ditions of the victorious party of this state in the late election. Every well informed man in this county is perfectly satisfied in his own mind that !Mr. Fink was defeated by a. fac tion of the Republican party, not because they had any grievance against him personally, but because they supposed they were playing oven with some of his most promi nent supporters. That they made a egregious mistake we are sure they will readily admit when they become fully aware of the relations existing between the parties to the contro versy. Mr. Frink is an independent, upright man, who would despise himself if he supposed that he was weak enough to allow any man or set of men to control or influence his official actions., and this fact is well known to those who are on intimate terms with the ex-senator. But the past is an unprofitable subject for comment, especially at present. There ar« dark clouds hanging over the future of the party which will take skillful engineers to scatter. Threats of retribution for past of fenses are freely indulged in, and many active workers have openly declared that they would revenge the wrong done their favorites. If the great party which has met and conquered the enemy so often is to >plit into fragments, then indeed will the future be dark. If the whole matter could be dropped there would be some chance for the party here after, but the rank and file of the followers of each faction are deter mined to tight it out, and we will be very lucky if there are not three fac tions to deal with instead of the two now existing. CITIZEN. The Associated Press dispatches announce that L. S. J. Hunt] a for mer newspaper wonder of this city and at one time the leading financier of the Northwest, has decided to put in a morning paper in the Seattle field within the next few months. It is reported that Mr. Hunt is now in Xew York, purchasing the materials preparatory for the establishment of such a paper. Since Mr. Hunt left this country it is claimed that he has amassed a fortune running into mil lions in Coren, and that he is anxi ous to return to Seattle and to once more become a political leader and manipulator in its Republican poli tics. Much speculation has been in dulged in by the street politicians since the report was first printed, and, owing to a slight misunder standing which seems to have arisen within the past few days between some of the leading politicians of the state, it looks as if the Republi can party is doomed to have three instead of two factions, for certain it is that the Post-Intelligencer will find some bitter political enemies among the former worshipers of L. S. J. Hunt, who have been worship ing at the shrine of the Post-Intelli gencer and its present owner for no other reason than that they had no other place to worship. Dave K. Larimer, the late politi cal editor of the Daily Liar of this city, has resigned, and it to repre sent the Oregonian at Olympia dur ing the coming session of the sev ~'i 4"re Mr Larimer re <! this appointment at the hands of Teddy Piper, who was formerly connected with the Post-Intelligen cer, and who gave employment at that time to Mr. Larimer. In all the political deals in which the Pi pers and their followers attempted turns in this city and county Dave Larimer was always a faithful lieu tenant, and Mr. Piper has designated him for this position simply as a re ward for the favors he showed him when a politician in King county. Grose-Jones. —United in the holy bonds of matrimony last Wednesday night were Mr. George 11. Grose and Miss Aurora E. Jones. The happy contracting parties are among Seat tle's leading and most highly es teemed Afro-Americans, and catch of them is a prominent member of the A. M. E. church, on Jones street. Mr. Grose is a pioneer of this city, saving come here with his parents when a mere child. He has more than once been a prominent busi ness man of Seattle, and is at present devoting himself to real estate deal ings, and no man in the city stands better than he. Miss Jones is a re cent graduate of the Sacramento, Cal., high school, and although she has only been a resident of the city for the past two years she has taken an active as well as prominent part in church and literary work and has won for herself a host of friends among those with whom she has been associated. The ceremony was a quiet affair, only relatives of the high contracting parties being pres ent. Accodring to the census of 1890, there were in the United States about "32,000 taxed and taxable In dians having the right of suffrage as citizens of the different states. Xinety-eight per cent, of these were living upon the reservations and and were practically indistinguish able from the white citizens of their community. The breaking up of more reservations will increase the number of taxable Indians in the present census, and it is possible that nearly every red man in the country will be enfranchised before the presidential election of 1904. England pays $20,000,000 a year in subsidies to fast mail steamships and in the last sixty years, during which period she has gained and maintained her supremacy of the seas, she has paid in subsidies $240, --000,000. This is an object, lesson for us in how to increase our ship ping.—Exchange. Telephone Main 305 for desk room. Steam heat. PRICE FIVE CENTS A COMMERCIAL. INCREASE. The last year of the century has been to the United States the most wonderful in its commercial history. Our total exports for the ten months ended with October were $1,194, --775,205, or double the total exports for the ten months ended with Oc tober, 1894. In the ten months of 1900, our exports exceeded im ports by $499,667,936. The year will for the first time in the history of our commerce, show exports of more than $100,000,000 in every month of the year. The exports of last October amounted to $163,093, --597, the largest exportation for one month on record. Exports of cotton in the single month of October amounted to over $60,000,000, against $28,000,000 in October, 1899, $30,000,000 in October, 1898, and $32,000,000 in October, 1897. The report of the commissioner of navigation shows that for the first I time since the civil war the recorded i tonnage of the United States ex ceeds 5,000,000 tons. On June 30, 1900, the American documentary tonnage included 23,333 vessels of 5,164,839 gross tons, or an increase of 300,000 tons over the previous fiscal year. The maximum tonnage in 1861 was 5,539,813 tons. Our shipping then was larger than Great Britain's. Now British shipping amounts to 14,261,000 gross tons. A century ago American shipping registered for foreign trade was 669,921 tons. Last year our ton nage in the foreign trade was only 816,795 tons, while there were em ployed in our coastwise trade 4,338, --145 tons, or more than the total ton nage of Germany and France. Our shipping has increased during the last decade 740,342 tons, 502,523 tons of this standing to the credit of the Great Lakes, and 184,512 tons to the Pacific coast. Desk room for rent, 714 3rd Aye. CONGRESS IN SESSION. : Last Monday marked the opening of the last session of the fifty-sixth congress, and for the most part, all of the members were present. The opening last Monday was said to be the most brilliant in the history of our country. The first bill of the term was introduced by Representa tive Crumpacker, Republican, from Indiana, and it provided for the re apportionment of the fifty-eighth congress. Instead of the fifty-eighth, congress containing 357 members as does the present and the next con gress, this bill provides a member ship of 365. The twelfth census will show an increase in population in some of the states and a decrease in. others, and the apportionment is based on that report. The following states will gain by the new appor tionment: Arkansas, 1; Colorado, 1; California, 1; Connecticut, 1; Florida, 1; Illinois, 2; Massachu setts, 1; Maine, 2; North Dakota, 1; Pennsylvania, 2; Texas, 2; Wash ington, 1; West Virginia, 1. The following states will lose by the new apportionment: Kansas, 1; Louisiana, 2; Mississippi, 3; Ne braska, 1; North Carolina, 4; South Carolina, 3; Virginia, 1. Should this bill become a law, it will cut down the representation from those Southern states that have legally disfranchised a large number of their voters, a measure which has been advocated by the leading poli ticians of the North for a good many years. Perhaps the measure never would have been passed had not the Southern states gone into the dis franchisement business on such a wholesale extent. It is to be hoped that the Republican members will stand by the bill and make it a law before the present congress expires. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. President McKinley's message was read to congress last Monday, and it was one of the longest and most vol uminous documents that has been sent to congress for a good many years. The president dwelt exhaus tively with all the subjects and questions of public importance that are now agitating the minds of this republic. The Chinese troubles, he declared, have given this country much concern, but he looks forward to an early settlement thereof. His reference to the growth of the for eign trade of this country during the past four years shows very con clusively that he is of the opinion that general prosperity has reigned supreme throughout the country during his term. Much favorable political comment has been heard on the streets concerning the message since its appearance in the daily papers, and the concensus of opinion is that the president is showing that he is a statesman and' a patriotic American citizen instead of being a pothouse politician, which he was j so generally accused of being by the i demagogues in the late eaxnpaign.