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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
VoL VII., NO. J6 BROTHER II BLACK Congressman Geo. E. White Speaks. Our Young Men and Women Should Learn Trades—Advantages of Ed ucating Self-Reliance — Critical Observations. The speech recently delivered in the house by the Hon. George H. White, of North Carolina, the only x\fro-American representative now iii congress, is full of valuable infor mation and well worth perusal. The following excerpts therefrom will no doubt be read with much interest: . "I would like to advance the state ment that the rusty records of 18G8, filed away in the archives of South ern capitols, as to what the Negro Was thirty-two years ago, is not a proper standard by which the Negro living on the threshold of the twen tieth century should be measured. Since that time we have reduced the illiteracy of the race at least 45 per cent. We have written and publish ed nearly 500 books. We have near ly 300 newspapers, three of which are dailies. We have now in practice over 2,000 lawyers and a correspond ing number of doctors. We have ac cumulated over $12,000,000 worth of school property and about $40, --000,000 worth of church property. We have about 140,000 farms and homes, valued at in the neighbor hood of $750,00,000, and personal property valued at about $170,000, --000. We have raised about $11,000, --000 for educational purposes, and the property per captita for every colored man, woman and child in the United States is estimated at $75. "We are operating successfully several banks, commercial enterprises among our people in the Southland, including one silk mill and one cot ton factory. We have 32,000 teach ers in the schools of the country; we have built, with the aid of our friends,, about 2,000 churches, and support seven colleges, seventeen academies, fifty high schools, five law schools, five medical schools and twenty-five theological seminaries. We have over 600,000 acres of land in the South alone. The cotton pro duced, mainly by black labor, has in creased from 4,669,770 bales in 1860 to 11,235,000 in 1899. All this we have done under the most adverse circumstances. We have done it in the face of lynching, burning at the stake, with the humiliation of "jim crow" cars, the disfranchisement of our male citizens, slander and deg radation of our women, with the fac tories closed against us, no Negro permitted to be conductor on the railway cars, whether run through the streets of our cities or across the prairies of our great country, no Ne gro permitted to run as engineer on a locomotive, most of the mines closed against us. Labor unions—carpenters, painters, brick masons, machinists, hackmen and those supplying nearly every avoca tion for livelihood have, banded themselves together to better their condition, but, with few exceptions, the black face has been left out. The Negroes are seldom employed in our mercantile stores. At this we do not wonder. Some day we hope to have them employed in our own stores. With all these odds against us, we are forging our way ahead, slowly perhaps, but surely. You may tie us and then taunt us for a lack of bravery, but.one day we will break the bonds. You may use our labor for two and a half centuries and then taunt us for our poverty, but let me remind you we will not always re main poor. You may withhold even the knowledge of how to read God's word and learn the way from earth to glory and then taunt us for our ignorance, but we would remind you that there is plenty of room at the top, and we are climbing. "Now, Mr. Chairman, before con cluding my remarks I want to submit a brief recipe for the solution of the so-called American Negro problem. He asks no special favors, but sim ply demands that he be given the same chance for existence, for earn ing a livelihood, for raising himself in the scale of manhood and woman hood that are accorded to kindred nationalities. Treat him as a man. go into his home and learn of his so cial conditions; learn of his cares, his troubles, and his hopes for the future; gain his confidence, open the doors of industry to him, let the words "Negro," "colored" and "black" be stricken from all the or ganizations enumerated in the feder ation of labor. "Help him to overcome his weak ness, punish the crime-committing class by the courts of the land, meas ure the standard of the race by its best material. Cease to hold prejudi cial and unjust public sentiment against him, and, my word for it, he will learn to support, hold up the hands of and join in with that poli tical party, that institution, whether secular or religious, in every commu nity where he lives, which is destined to do the greatest good for the great est number. Obliterate race hatred, party prejudice, and help us to achieve nobler ends, greater results, and become more satisfactory citi zens to our brother in white. "This, Mr. Chairman, is perhaps the Negro's temporary farewell to the American congress; but let me say. Phoenix-like he will rise up some day and come again. These parting words are in behalf of an outraged, heart-broken, bruised and bleeding, but God-fearing, people—faithful, industrious, loyal people—rising peo ple full of potential foTe." Albert Means, of Memphis, Term., owns one of the largest hat stores in that city. , The largest grocery stores in Tus kegee is run by a graduate of Tuske gee, Mr. A. J. Wilborn. i Through the efforts of Attorney ( Wilford H. Smith, the Negro has at ' last been granted the right to serve on juries in the state of Texas. , Messrs. R. C. Martin and Clem C. ] James have been appointed deputies ■ in the city assessor's office at Kansas City, Mo." Mr. J. M. Griffin, editor of the Al-1 buquerkue American, of New Mex ico, was unanimously elected journal clerk of the council of the territorial senate. Mr. Haslon V. Eagleson, a promi nent colored man of Indiana, is at the head of a movement to establish an industrial school at Bloomington, Ind., for colored people. Fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) of I the amount necessary to build a cot-' ton factory at Jackson, Miss., has been subscribed. It will be owned and operated by colored men. Fayette county, Pa., has a colored mail carrier who is a young lady of 18. She receives $140 a year for carrying the mail from Uniontown to J union ville. Mr. P. S. Umbles, of Kansas City, Mo., president of the Negro State Democratic League and a senior law student, has been appointed assistant doorkeeper in the senate chamber at i Jefferson City. J. J. Bunell, of Brooklyn, N. V., is a colored graduate of Pratt insti tute in mechanical engineering and has put into position most of the can celing machines in use in the large postoffices in the country. Cincinnati broke the unlucky number of colored policemen recent ly by the addition of another, making fourteen colored men on the force. John R. Linch, ex-congressman from Mississippi, now a paymaster in the United States army with the rank of major, is stationed in Cuba. Hon. John G. Jones, of Cook county, 111., the only Afro-American member of the Illinois legislature, has introduced a bill for the suppres sion of mob violence and lynching. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1901 ITEMS OF IITEREST Culled and Collected from Reliable Sources, World Notes Condensed to Readable Form—ltems Concerning Various Congressional Doings—Scientific Matters Brought Out Briefly. Wilcox, of Hawaii, got his seat, but it was a close call. Count Yon Waldersee has again ordered hostilities to commence in China. M. Lenoir, inventor of the motor car, died recently in Paris, poor and neglected. Senator Hoar has introduced a bill making train robbery punishable with death. Queen Helene of Italy is said to be a poet of more than ordinary ability, and designs to publish a volume of her poems. A man in Dawson bought a claim on Gold Bottom for $1. The next week he was offered and refused $40, --000 for it. Congressman A. D. Shaw, late commander of the G. A. R., was found dead in his hotel in Washing ton, 1). C, last week. A colossal ferry bridge is to be erected over the River Tyne at the harbor mouth, connecting North with South Shields. Five bids were received for raising the Maine in Havana harbor. The amounts varied from $735 to $80, --000. All were rejected. A jail-break occurred in Spokane the first of the week and nine prison ers were released. The sheriff says the jailer was careless. It is estimated that the dense fog of London costs the city from $250, --000 to $500,000 daily in the matter of bills for gas and electricity. An old Danish warship dug up re cently at Tottenham marshes, Eng land, has completely disappeared. Relic hunters did the business. An east-bound train on the South ern Pacific was wrecked near Winne mucca, New; a Pullman coach was telescoped and six lives were lost. The house committee has reported favorably the primary bill with amendments taken from the Wiscon in law. It should pass without a dis senting vote. The anti-clerical riots still con tinue in Spain, and Weyler the fa mous Spanish "butcher" of Cuba, has adopted heroic measures for their suppression. A remarkable bridge in design is being planned for the Bosphorous. Each tower is surmounted with what appears to be a mosque with domes and minarets. The British have rejected the canal treaty, and the subsequent pro ceedings may be interesting. "Billy" Mason at last accounts had not taken the matter to heart. Telephones are to be added to the fire alarm boxes of London. Firemen will carry receivers in their pockets, and the handle of the alarm boxes will be made into a transmitter. A resident of Maine has invented a self-propelled sled, which he has called an "automosled," says the Electrical Review. Wlien completed it will be ten feet long, three feet high and four feet wide. A frightful explosion occurred in the Union, B. C, mines. Twenty white men, nine Japs and thirty-five Chinese lost their lives. The cause of the accident will probably never be known. Sir William Howard Russell, bet ter known in this country as "Bull Run Russell," is an octogenarian. He was the war correspondent of the Lincoln Times in the Crimean war, and also in our civil war. President McKinley sent a de mand to Cuba that the Monroe doc trine should be recognized in the constitution. A large pottery firm in England has been making a series of experi ments with a view to getting along without the use of white lead in the use of glazed pottery. The new mint at Philadelphia, Pa., is being sumptuously decorated with glass mosaics. The mosaics with figures are eleven in number and have been designed by Mr. Wm. B. Yanlnyen. An lowa editor made a big hit by publishing a fake confession of Pat Crowe, the alleged abductor of Cud ahy. He said he was hard up for "copy," and simply did it to fill space. The steamship Mariposa arrived at San Francisco January 12th from Australia, breaking the record she had for fast time across the Pacific. The actual steaming time from Syd ney was 20 days 3 hours, and from Honolulu 5 days 18 hours. Yakima citizens are severe in their denunciation of Representative Rich who they claim went back an his ante-election promises, wherein he had promised to do all he could against the organization of Riverside county. Extensive plans for the invasion of the Chinese empire are being made by all the forces under Count Waldersee except Russia and the United States. The invasion is to be made to back up the demands made by the powers. The center of population in the United States is now in Indiana, about seven miles southeast of Co lumbus. Since the last census, in 1890. the center of population ha? moved westward about fourteen nuies, and south about three miles. Prof. Lewin, of Germany, has found among 300 men who handle copper eight men whose hair had in consequence obtained a greenish tinge, which no washing would re move. The phenomenon he says has been known for years, but it takes several years to produce it. Prof. Marconi on the first day of the reign of Edward YIT. sent mes sages by his system of wireless teleg raphy from St. Catherine to the Liz ard, a distance of 200 miles, and since that time has established regu lar communication between the points above named. The attention of the pension bu reau has been called to the fact that in one colored regiment in the civil war no less than twenty-eight George Washington? were found. A single company shows a membership of thirteen George Washington*. In a copy of the Boston Gazette of December, 1800, is found this business notice: "S. Rogers informs those ladies who wish to be address ed by him either on assembly or ball days to give him notice the previous day. Ladies who engage to and don't dress must pay him half price." The patrol outfits of Allegheney. Pa., have been equipped with medi cal outfits and the sergeants of police been instructed how to render aid to to the sufferers or victims of acci dents. The equipment includes an tidotes for poisoning, dressings for burns and almost everything used in emergency eases. The latest scientific explanation of the phenomenon of minerals or wa ter being discovered by the divining rod is that the man manipulating the rod is half hypnotized by fixing his attention on it, thus enabling his sub-conscious perceptive powers to assert themselves and reveal the pres ence of the object sought. In England a lamp post has been introduced which combines a hy drant tap and fire alarm box. The hydrant can be used for fire alarm purposes, filling water carts and for street flushing, while the small tap can be used by an individual for a domestic water supply. There is a water meter and syphon at the bot tom by which the water is shut off from the hydrant, thus preventing its freezing. SPOKANE PEOPLE Interesting Notes from East ern Washington. Political and Social News—Mining Information — Personals — The Colored Brother Past Becoming Prominent in the State. The Northwest offers bmmdless opportunities for those of limited means, when there is practical judg ment to back it. Mining is a legiti mate business. It makes many rich and some poor. What business does not have the same experience? Yet it requires only a little investigation to disclose the fact that hundreds of poor men have become rich through mining in the Northwest, and par ticularly in Idaho. Capitalists have more than doubled their investment and are satisfied to continue. A mining man takes the same chances as a dealer in real estate with the possibility of quicker and larger re turns. Quick return on money in vested is the wish of all. With the rapidly developing mines contiguous to Spokane, the intelligent Negro should industriously apply himself to seek if possible an interest in some of the many properties now in his reach. While several companies have been floated in this state by Ne groes, that they have not attained the degree of success sought or hoped for can be charged to one fault, viz, the absence of a practical mining man at the helm. This statement is not made in a spirit of criticism. It has been truthfully said that ''a man is judged by the company he keeps." It is no more a fact than a mining property is judged by its promitters. The Clarence Eay Buffalo Hump Gold Mining Co., a corporation or ganized under the laws of the state of Washington, with headquarters at Spokane, Wash., have acquired the Roanoke and Revenue claims in the famous Buffalo Hump gold mining camp in the central part of the state of Idaho, and are now working their properties. A blacksmith shop and bunk house have been completed and other preliminary work started nec essary to the intelligent development of a property. The Revenue and Roanoke are located between the Cracker Jack and the Jumbo on the same belt. These two latter proptr ties are developed far enoguh to prove their value and will pay divi dends in the near future. The Big Buffalo, in the same group, sold for $250,000 when a prospect. The Rev enue and Roanoke have the advan tage of other properties, having a natural tunnel site, hence can be de veloped at less cost than the others. Aside from being fortunate in ac quiring this property in the heart of the gold belt, they have, if possible, been more fortunate in securing their superintendent, and manager, Thomas F. Parks, an old, experienc ed and practical miner, who has operated through Montana and Col orado, especially Cripple Creek, where he was very successful. It is said that in the palmy days of Crip ple Creek that it required five figures in dollars to compute his worldly possessions, and at present, it is said, has sufficient for oneself. The fol lowing gentlemen on the directorate is a sufficient guarantee that all moneys acquired from sales of stock will be honestly and intelligently ex pended in making a mine of the Revenue and Roanoke: Wm. Hop kins, president (Pro]). Georgia meat market); Calvin Surrey, vice presi dent (chef Warwick grill); George E. Anderson, secretary (Prop. Acmo. coffee house); Chas. S. Barron. assis tant secretary (Prop. X-Ray Print ing Co.); Wm. Evans, treasurer. Di rectors—F. Laurence Wilson. Fred Sharp, H. B. Smith, Richard White. PRICE FIVE CENTS All information relative to pur chase of stock, etc., should be ad dressed to George E. Anderson, P. 0. Box 1011. Mr. F. L. Wilson is again at the Fernwell building, and as usual do ing "all kinds of biz." Frank is a rustler. Jake Jones has lost his "happy home.*' Mrs. Jones sued for a di vorce. Key. Dr. Prince has been "shaking things up" at the Calvary Baptist. The Rev. Washington Jones, the man with the "fog-horn voice," was arrested Sunday for disturbing the peace; that is, preaching on the street—same thing. As badly as the N~egro churches are in need of preachers in the West and a Negro preacher goes on the street to preach you can put him down as a fraud, hypocrite and fake. With white men it is different. The supply ex ceeds the demand. But Avith the Negroes the reverse is the ruel. Any time you see a "son of Ham" on the street butchering the English lan guage as well as the Bible, you can put him down as a "son of a gun," and if you are true to yourself you will go immediately home and lock your hen-house door. Mr. S. A. Harris, of the Crescent, has purchased property in East Spo kane. Miss Minnie Brown, of the Cres cent, is making a number of friends by the civilty which she exhibits in her department. She is an exem plary young woman. Win. Hopkins, at the Georgia meat market, seems to get his share of the business. There is a persistent rumor that a certain young man in a local bank is to wed. If any one calls his name I'll peach. I. W. Evans, formerly of Seattle, is doing a very good business on Front avenue in the Cosmos. Isaac is a "wise guy." The coming spring campaign means much for the Xegro. They are going to demand and get some recognition from the Republican party. There is no show for the Democrats without there are three tickets, and that is unlikely at this time. The old-line Republicans rec ognize the importance of this elec tion and are going to make strenu ous efforts to succeed. There is some talk of trying to have Andrew Green put on the force again as a regular patrolman. Andrew made a record that all Negroes could point to with pride. Aside from that his bravery was recognized by his brother offi cers, consequently Andy had consid erable influence, and the manner in which many Xegroes are being driv en from the city proves that some one should be on the force that could arrest some of the high-handed pro ceedings. We are not trying to pro tect the unworthy, but we know a thing or two, and w Then the proper time comes it will be told. It is true that Lawson is on the force in the capacity of a "bovine policeman," and probably performs his duties satisfactorily to his superiors. What we want is representation, and that we will have. See? Three hundred intelligent Negro votes is the balance of power, and that no cry that we have got representation will suffice. A cow herder is not representation. It may satisfy the man who draws the salary, but does not satisfy 300 voters. Is that plain enogh? We will have some more of this in our next issue on these lines. The finance committee of the Con federate Veterans' Reunion has re ceived a check for $1,000 from Rob ert R. Church, the wealthiest colored citizen in Memphis, who was born a slave, and served as such in his youth. This is the second largest contribution yet received by the committee. The appointment of Miss Eva L. Damon to a permantnt clerical posi tion in the Chicago postoffice at a salary of $600 will be gratifying to all members of the race. She has been assigned to the order division, and enjoys the distinction of being the first Afro-American woman ever assigned to that department.