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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
VoL VII., NO. ?9 GEN. HARRISON Dies at His Home in Indian apolis, Indiana. Philanthropist Carnegie Distributes Five Million Dollars Among His Former Employees- Breaks All Previous Records in Charitable Donations—"Was Deter mined to Not "Die Rich." Last Wednesday morning brought the Hon. Benjamin Harrison, ex president of the United States, statesman, orator and philanthropist, to the great crossing place between life and death. The distinguished statesman, after a brief illness, peacefully passed away at 4:45 that day, which closed a career of one of the most brilliant characters that the United States has ever produced. Benjamin Harrison won fame as a lawyer, teacher, soldier, statesman and executive while he was living his three score years and ten. No man's opinions were more high!} and generally respected than thos^ of Gen. Harrison. And even after he had retired from the presidency, though living a semi-retired life, nevertheless, when great public questions were being discussed of in terest to the country in general and which would promote its best inter ests, his voice and opinions were al ways given on such subjects. He al ways had an opinion and was always ready to give the public the benefit of his opinion. For fifty-two years of his life Benjamin Plarrison was a member of one of Indianapolis' Presbyterian churches, and during all that time he was one of its fore most members, not because he was able to contribute thousands of dol lars each year for the maintenance of said church, but for his actual usefulness and his ardent work in the cause of Christianity. His last days were spent in quietness, though he continued to look after his office law business, which was quite ex tensive. His family since his death has received a flood of telegrams from the leading public men of both this and other lands, lamenting his seemingly untimely death. His fu neral will be held from the Presby terian church of which he has so long been a member next Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock. During Sat urday his remains will lie in state in the state house at Indianapolis, and it is expected that they will be view ed by thousands of persons, who will visit the city for that express pur pose. Mr. Andrew Carnegie is exhibit ing in his old age a most remarkable spirit of philanthropy. Such a spirit has never before been >oen in any man that has accumulated the vast amount of wealth that has Mr. Car negie. A few days ago he sold hi* interests in the great Carnegie steel works and it reached nigh unto a bil lion dollars for his labors during the brief period of the forty years he was at the helm. Prior to that time Mr. Carnegie had declared that he would never die rich, and a grea" many people who looked at this enor mous sum of money, all in his own name and title, smiled at the utter ance, believing that it was impossible for him to do other than die an im mensely rich man. However, since that time he has begun a most lavish distribution of his wealth. Most every city of any size in the United States has received a library gift from him, and many of the schools and colleges of the country havo likewise been remembered. Recent ly Mr. Carnegie has set aside $5,000, --000 for his former employes, thus making them recipients and partners in the vast wealth that the Carnegie steel works made and accumulator! for its master. Such is unprecedent ed, and it will certainly revolution ize the spirit of accumulating for tunes. It will be remembered that a few months ago the wild-eyed Pop ulists of this country heaped abuses of the most virulent form upon Mr. Carnegie, even accusing him of be ing a thief and a highway robber and squeezing his employes for no other reason than to make himself a multi millionaire. Those misguided idiots must now feel like they have abused a man who "was an angel in dis guise," and a man whom they must now confess to be their best and most sympathetic friend. The Fifty-sixth congress, which adjourned some two weeks ago did a vast amount of work while it was in session, some of which is already proving itself to be exceedingly useful and beneficial to the business interests of this government. The Fifty-sixth congress found the coun try prosperous and it did everything within its power to continue it in the same condition. It secured the fruit of our victories in the war with Spain, it found grave questions con fronting our government, but it met them one by one and settled them. One of the most notable acts that it did in its inception was to establish a civil government in Porto Rico, which has and is working most ad mirably. It next established a 'gold standard" in this country and sounded the death knell to Bryanism and his 16 to 1, and now every dol lar of money of any denomination in this country is as good as gold. It next passed an army reorganization act, guaranteeing to the United States a sufficient army to defend it self in any emergency, either from factions within or from foes without. It wisely provided a good and stable government for Hawaii, which was sadly in need of the same. Wise and judicious legislation was passed by it for the relief of the terriory of Aa aska. It passed many measures for the relief of the navy of our country, and that department of the national defense is now in a most excellent condition and quite prepared to meet any foreign foe that might attack our government on the waters. On the whole no congress that has ever assembled at Washington City has given the country at large more gen eral relief than did the late one, which is now a matter of history. It was made up of a number of useful and able statesmen, who looked after the interests of the country in gen eral and after the interests of every one of their respective districts in particular. It is to be regretted that more of the members of the late con gress were not returned, as members of the next, and thereby insure quick and good work on its reassembling. The extra session of the United States senate called by the president to confirm the appointment of the members of his cabinet, after having attended to routine business of an executive nature, adjourned last Saturday sine die. It is not thought at this time that the president will call an extra session of congress, as there seems to be no eminent need of the same. Ere the extra session adjourned, it received and confirmed the election of United States Sena tor Mitchell of Oregon. Senator Mitchell has been a member of the senate for two terms prior and was greeted with wild demonstration as he re-entered the senate hall bearing his credentials of election from the governor of Oregon. He is now a full-fledged member of that body. The cattlemen of South Dakota are agreed that the mode of mark ing cattle by branding should stop, as it is cruel and causes intense pain to the animal. In New Zealand they have a composition which makes an easy distinguishable mark. It is ap plied with a cold iron, destroying the hair or hide but causing no suf fering to the animal. The announcement is made by the Great Northern that it will abandon the shops at Hilliard near Spokane md increase the capacity of those at Everett. All cars needed on the Pa cific coast will be constructed at the Everett shops. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, MARCH 15, 1901 PEES CITY Still Flourishes Like A Great Green Bay Tree. The Gambler's Defiant Do Not Propose To Obey The City Ordinance, Which Says "They Must Close Up Their Side Door Entrances"—Police Seem To Be In Collusion. The attempt to bring Judge Aus tin into disrepute by subpoenaing him as a witness in the gambling cases failed, as it should have done; but he knew and every one else knew who was on the inside that the gam bling element simply thought to throw mud, with the hope that some of it might stick. Austin incurred the everlasting enmity of the gam bling fraternity because he believed in construing the law as he found it without regard to his personal sym pathies. He could at any time have made peace with the sporting ele ment by simply doing as some others have done, but he preferred an hon est, upright course, which brought upon him the wrath of the class spoken of and also the men who gain their shekels by grafting. Every known method has been re sorted to to save the boxes in saloons and low dives called theaters. But few of any of the fellows who have them have had them put in shape to comply with the ordinance. All of which goes to show that the profits of this addition to saloons must be very remunerative. One of the ele ments which creates such serious op position to saloons is the activity of the men who control them. If a! law happens to suit them they will 1 obey it, if not they openly challenge the authorities to make them. Peo ple who do obey the law want others to do the same. The direct primary was more than the; boss politicians would possibly concede. Many of them thought if the bill became a law their occupa tion would be gone, hence their fran tic appeals for votes to defeat it. Ankeny, Piper and Fisk know that if the bill became a law the fight would be ended as far as Ankeny was concerned. The present legisla ture has almost convinced some vio lent opponents of direct legislation that the measure would not be so bad after all. The nickel in the slot machine won the first round in the municipal court. Through a slight technical ity the cases went out of court, but the result will only stimulate the Anti-Saloon League to increase their efforts to do away with the most ob noxious gambling machine in exist ence. It would seem as though the time has arrived when the citizens who believe in the enforcement of the law should assert themselves. The seemingly friendly arrest of a First avenue saloon keeper was so trans parent that even the dullest conser vative saw through the whole trans action. Meredith has never been noted for his advocacy of law, and his tutilage since his arrival in Seat tle has not been of such a character as to enhance his respect for that which at least once made him an idler and lounger. But the power behind the throne is possessed of a certain cunning which Meredith does not dare to resist. It was these same qualities which got him into the newspapers every time he hap pened to turn around. It was this same back-ground actor that pro claimed this same man the "sleuth" of the Pacific. But the point at is sue is the enforcement of law, and when the time comes that a tool of a gambler and brothel keeper can say what laws shall be enforced and what not it comes very near being an archy. it comes very near being anarchy. The people who are always on the alert to give some good reason why Seattle should not much longer be the growing metropolis of Puget sound all use the threadworn argu ment that just as soon as Alaska ceases to be a Mecca for the adven turous spirits of the world, at that moment the Queen City will lose her prestige. If we can only hold our supremacy until the resources of Alaska are exhausted, even the chil dren who are born in 1901 will be satisfied when they arrive at the !years of discretion. The surface of I Alaska has not even been remotely prospected for minerals, and even if they were the agricultural possibili ties are just being recognized by the ! people most interested. Seattle will iin time become one of the great mar jitime cities of the world and nothing but the inaction of her citizens will prevent it. The idea of changing the name of one of the well-known streets of this city, and that to one of the streets that passes through the business center of the city, to some other name to meet the approval of a few sickly sentimentalists is both ridicu lous and absurd. We have as high regard for the late lamented Fortson as any one in the city of Seattle and we would be glad to lend our aid in any undertaking that would per petuate his memory in our commun ity, but to change the name of a street which has been established for years would be the height of folly and come no nearer perpetuat ing his memory than were it never named after him and at the same time create a world of confusion, j \ ''Fortson square,"' which is to be ; made at Yesler way and Second aye- j nue, with a monument suitable to \ the place and to the occasion, will do i !.>!v toward perpetuating the mem ory of the man than the naming of j a dozen streets in this city after him. | In doing things common sense should be one of the principal in gredients in doing them. The Lake Washington resort keepers have been held to answer by Judge Cann to the superior court for their violation of the laws in selling liquors without license at their re spective places of business. Now we hope the superior court will hold them to answer to the penitentiary for the self same offense. AMUSEMENTS GRAND OPERA HOUSE. Each play given by the Neill com pany is presented with a richness, elaborateness and thoroughness that stamps its productions with an abso lute superiority. To carry the equip ment used by this company it re quires three special cars; two of these cars are fitted with special scenery and the other devoted to especially designed properties, such as furniture, rich tapestries, oriental rugs and draperies of the most costly fabrics. Mr. James Neill, who heads the organization, has been regarded by eminent dramatic critics as one of the handsomest and most versa tile of our younger leading men. The Neill company follows ''Nell Gwynn" at the Grand Opera House. "THE VILL.AGE PARSON*." The production of "The Village Parson" at the Third Avenue theater next, week promises to be one of the best plays seen here in some time. The piece has made a most pro nounced success in all cities visited. and has received the highest kind of praise from both press and public. The play is of a most, interesting kind, depicting human emotions and sympathies, and holds the closest at tention of the audience. The scen ery is new and very picturesque; each act will be specially staged. The company is pronounced to be of great capability, special pains hav ing been exercised in selecting the members for their respective roles. Our theater-goers will undoubtedly be treated to a fine performance. FACT-FIGURES Concerning Man's Everyday Life and Business. Uncle Sams Soldiers Time of Re tiring from the Army—Commer cial Growth of the United States Since It First Begun—Brief Men tion of Other Points of General Interest. The generals of the army, with the dates at which they will be compul sorily retired under the terms of the new army law, are as follows, accord ing to the 2sew York Sun: Lieut. Gen. Miles, August 8, 1903; Maj. (Jen. Brooke, July 21, 1902; Maj. Gen. Otis, March 25, 1902; Maj. Gen. Young, January 9, 1901; Maj. Gen. Chait'ee, April 11, 1906; Maj. Gen. Mac Arthur, June 2, 1909; Brig. Gen. Wade, April 11, 1907; Brig. Gen. Merriam, November 13, 1901; Brig. Gen. Ludlow, November 2T, 1907; Brig. Gen. Bates, August 26, 1900; Brig. Gen. Wheaton, July 15, 1902; Brig. Gen. Davis, February 27, 1903;. Brig. Gen. Sumner, Feb ruary 0, 190G; Brig. Gen. Wood, October 9, 1921; Brig. Gen. Hall, November 15, 1901; Brig. Gen. Hughes, April 11, 1903; Brig. Gen. Randall, October 8, 1901; Brig. Gen. Kobbe, May 10, 1901; Brig. Gen. Grant, May 30, 1911; Brig. Gen. Bell, January 9, 1920. The "Mary" who had "a little iamb" was a little Massachusetts girl who had adopted one of a pair of twin lambs. The lamb strayed away, and on her way to school Mary found it and actually did take it to school with her and to the class. A young man named Bowerson, the son of a Boton riding master, who was iitting luinself at Harvard, was at school that day and wrote the lines which have become immortal. The lamb Lived to be a very old sheep and was tinally killed by an angry cow.—St. Louis Globe-Democrat. The reports of all the fire insur ance companies transacting business in this state show that the companies during the year 1900 assumed risks in this state amounting to $103,151, --819; the net premiums collected amounted to $1,707,601, and the losses paid policy holders amounted to $681,197. This is an increase over over 1899 of $15,691,015 in risks, $269,112 in premiums collected and $83,197 in losses paid. —News. The world's powers are represent ed in their rulers as follows: 22 presidents, 16 kings, 11 dukes, 6 em perors, 5 princes, 5 sultans, 2 khans, 2 ameers, 1 queen, 1 kliedive, 1 shah, 1 bey, 1 mikado, 1 maharajah, 1 rajah. Within the past ten years the city of Bombay, India, has lost 100,000 population, which was cused by the plague and the citizens leaving the stricken city on account of it. It now has a population of 700,000. Each year Africa produces 44, --000,000 bushels of wheat, while Aus tralia, which has been credited as one of the great wheat-producing I countries of the world, yields 35, --000,000 bushels annually." The letters passing through the London postofnce averaged 50,000' daily in 1801, rising to 300,000 in 1810; 2,600,000 daily in 1870, and 8,300,000 in 1900. This country has had twenty-eight presidential inauguration days. Thirteen were pleasant, twelve were stormy, with, no record of the weath er for the other three days. During the South African war the British have lost 56,000 men, not in cluding the sick and wounded that now remain near the seat of war. The expense so far has been about $150,000,000. It looks very much like the Boer resistance was destined to collapse in the very near future. PRICE FIVE CENTS 1 The following table shows the growth of commerce in this country since 1789: Year— Imports. Exports. Imports. 1789 23,000,000 $20,205,156 2,794,844 1793 (a) ... 31,100,000 26,109,572 4,990,428 1797 . 75379406 51,294,710 24,081,696 1801 ■"■'.::. 11l 363 sn 93,020,513 18,342,998 18115 ■.' 120 600,000 95,566,021 25,083,979 1809 59 400000 52,203,233 7.1?6,™7 1813 22,005,000 27,856,017 *5,801,017 1817 '.'.'. .... 99,250 000 87,671,569 11,578,431 1821 (b) ■■- 54,520,834 54,596,323 »75,489 1825 ....... 90189 90,738,333 »540,023 1529 '..'. 67,088,915 67,434.651 *345,736 Ist: " 101,047,943 87,528,732 13,519,211 1837 '.'.'. ".'.'. 130,472,803 111,443,127 19,029,676 IS4I .. . 122,957,544 111,817,471 11,140,073 1845 " .. 113,184,322 106,040,111 7,144,211 1849 "". .... 141,206,199 140,351,172 855,027 1853 777,265 203,489,282 60,287,983 1857 348,428,342 293,823,760 54,604,582 1861 . ... 289,310,542 219,553,833 69,756,709 1865 238,745,580 166,029,303 72,716,277 1869 .. 417,506,379 286,117,697 131,388,682 1873 ' .... 642,136,210 522,479,922 119,656,288 1877.'. . 451 323,126 602,475,220 •151.152,004 1881 '..'. ... 642 664,628 902,377,346 *259,712,718 1885 ' .... 577,527 329 742,189,755 •164,682,426 1889 '. 745,131,652 742,401,375 2,730,277 1893 .... 866,400,922 847,665,194 *18,735,728 1897 764,730,412 1,050,993,556 *286,263,144 1900 (c) ... 829,019,337 1,477.949,666 •648,930,329 a. Figures of 1790; b. Fractional year, due to change of fiscal year from Sep tember 30 to June 30. c. Calendar year. • Exports. Over 146,000 persons in the state of Mississippi are delinquent in the payment of their poll taxes. This is the estimate made by Auditor Cole. The figures are, of course, not offi cial, as the sheriff is not required to send to the auditor a list of the de linquents, but they are compiled from data obtained largely by special request. Of the total number it is estimated that 116,000 are Negroes and 29,000 are white. Following is the table prepared by the auditor: Polls assessed .284,787 Polls collected 138,200 Polls delinquent .......... 146,587 Whites delinquent 29,731 Colored delinquent .116,856 Paper was first made by the Chi nese in the first century A. D. Pre vious to that time they used thin slips of bamboo; the instrument em ployed in writing was not a pen or brush, but a pointed tool. Later on it was found better to pound the bamboo to a paste in a mortar to gether with water, and then spread it out to dry. This in fact was the first paper in the modern acceptance of the term, though the Egyptian papyrus antedated it several centu ries. Most people are generally agreed that America was named after Amerigo Vespucci. But now comes a historian in the person of Eicardo Palma, director of the National Li brary of Lima, Peru, who has just published a book in which he main tains that America was not named after the noble Amerigo, but vice versa. Senor Palma says he has given years to the study of the sub ject. One after another of our fa vorite, long cherished ideals falls to the ground. Beltrami county, Minnesota, is bankrupt. Not a dollar is in the treasury, and the judge and jurors have refused longer to serve. Unless the legislature gives immediate re lief the county will be depopulated. The City Park extension of the Seattle Electric Company from Eighth avenue to Lake View ceme tery was opened up last Sunday and now gives a ten-minute service from Second and Yesler way to Lake View cemetery without " change of cars. In view of the constitutional pro vision disfranchising all delinquents, it is a question whether there are within the entire state 70,000 citi zens who are qualified to vote in a general election. J Mississippi appears to have solved the lynch law problem. A legislative enactment has been passed giving to the relatives of a person lynched the right to recover $3,000 from the i county where the lynching occurred, I and vacating the office of sheriff j when that officer permits a prisoner to be taken from him. The state of Georgia pays $200, --, 000 annually to the widows of Con | federate veterans in pensions. Most' I of the Southern states pay pensions to Confederate soldiers. Prof. Shaler, the Harvard geolo gist, says that in the next thirty, years the United States alone will. produce thirty thousand millions of dollars in gold.