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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
VoL VII., NO AS II PASSING II SHE HAS A DEFICIT. The following official figures given out for publication will be of interest: The national balance sheet for 1900 --1901 shows a net deficit of £53,207, --200 ($260,03o,000). The Boer war, ac ording to the chancellor, has cost the government £146,567,000 ($732,835, --000), or double the cost of the Cri mean war. The total expenditures for 1901-1902 are estimated at £187, --602,000 ($938,010,000), of which £58, --320,000 ($291,600,000) is for the Boer war, while the revenues will yield only within £57,000,000 ($285,000, --000) of this amount. This deficiency is to be met in part by an increase in the income tax, and a tax on raw sugar, molasses, sirup, glucose and coal. To meet the remaining deficit, which is estimated at £39.707,000 ($198,535,000), the chancellor pro poses to borrow £60,000.000 ($300, --000,000) upon consuls. ENGLAND IN DISTRESS. Never before perhaps in the his tory of Great Britain has she been so financially cramped as at the present time. The taxation measures that are now before parliament for its consid eration in order to raise more money for carrying on the war, is not meet ing public approval by any means. It is being opposed by the people all over the country because it will im pose excessive taxation on them, so excessive as to make it almost impos sible for them to bear the burden and at the same time keep the wolf from the door. This great financial distress has come over Great Britain all because she permitted her secre tary of colonies to plunge her into an unnecessary war with South Africa. The war down there has already cost Great Britain many millions of pounds sterling, and the end is not yet in sight. THAT MACEO SON. The daily dispatches of last Friday report the return of young Maceo from the Philippine islands, whither he went some months ago as one of Uncle Sam's soldiers to fight the Filipinos. Young Maceo was charged with giving information to the insur gents in the Philippine islands and considered a dangerous character to be allowed to remain on the islands, hence his deportation. This young man claims to be a direct son of the brave Antonio Maceo who so long bat tled for Cuba's liberty and w ras killed by the treachery of Butcher Weyler, being shot under a flag of truce. The young man came to the United States, posed as an injured innocent and drifted around over the country in first one capacity and then another until he reached this section, where he became quite a nuisance. It is very doubtful if he is even a Cuban, and it is still more doubtful if he is even a son or any relation whatever of Antonio Maceo, or any of the other famous Cuban leaders. He impreses the average American citizen on close inspection as a complete im postor. TRADE IN CIBA. It should be rather discouraging to the authorities of the United States to learn from financial statistics that the Cubans are doing the most of their trading in European countries to the disadvantage of this country. Although Cuba had been battling for her liberty and freedom for the past thirty years or more, no European country ever raised its hand to assist her to obtain the same, and no Euro pean country ever would have done so,, but the United States went down there for the sake of humanity and proclaimed to the Spanish govern ment that Cuba should be free, and did more than proclaim—she backed up her words with gunboats and sol diers, who succeeded, after many hard-fought battles, in wiping the Spanish power from the Cuban isl ands. Now these Cubans are not grateful enough to return such fa vors by trading in the United States, the nation that has befriended them, but go to those nations and countries who stood ready and willing for Spain to fetter even more securely than they already had the bond of oppression on them. Consistency is a jewel, and the Cubans should begin to practice such before they are much older. THAT MANIFESTO. Aguinaldo's peace manifesto is a rather unique document, and though it may have the desired effect on the natives of the Philippine islands, yet in the minds of a great majority of the people of this country it will have no more weight than if it had never been issued. This insurgent chief never had foresight enough to see that he was battling against the inev itable in brooking the power and opinions of the authorities of the United States, hence he led his peo ple into a useless war, which resulted in many thousands of them being slaughtered. Had he issued the same manifesto many months ago that he has recently issued from his prison cell, war would have been averted, and the islands and the inhabitants thereof would now be enjoying peace, happiness and prosperity in general. Perhaps Aguinaldo and his followers might have established an indepen dent government there, but the prob abilities are that they would not have, and if they had have, some European power would have gobbled up the whole archipelago dispite the fact that the United States had broken the power of Spain on those islands, and had rescued them from a most cruel and tyrannical government. No country in the world had more rights to that island than the United States after Dewey had sunk the Spanish fleet, and it was the mistake of Aguin aldo's life to advocate opposition to this government. His manifesto, however, is better late than never. (HIVA'S CONDITION. Affairs in China are still in a tur bulent condition, and an international upheaval in that country among those powers that are there now for the pro-! tection of human life, both natives and foreigners, may break out at any moment. Japan has her fighting clothes on, and she seems determined \ to attack Russia, and, if possible, drive her out of the "Far East." Whether Japan is justifiable in doing] this or not, if she does do so under the circumstances, it will bring on an international imbroglio that must re sult in a general war among the j powers that are now holding the forts in the Chinese territory. Russia is mobilizing her soldiers in great num bers on the Chinese frontiers and dictating to Corea as to its official movements, while Japan is mobiliz ing her fleets on the borders of China and about the strongholds of Russia that she may be prepared to let loose her dogs of war at any moment. . War may be averted over there, but it looks at this writing as the inevitable, I and the principal nations of the world seem doomed to become en tangled in a general international war over the Chinese question. THE PRESIDENT'S TRIP. Columns after columns of newspa per articles concerning the proposed "swing around the circle" of Presi dent McKinley, which will begin early in May, are being written and printed just now. This is a custom that has been in vogue for a goodly number of years among the presidents of this country. In most cases it has been for political effect, but in this case it is done purely from a patriotic mo tive, that the citizens hereof can come in contact with the executive ruler, and see that he after all is but a man i and a citizen. President McKinley certainly cannot expect another nom ination and election at the hands of the voters of this country, and for this reason his presidential outing cannot be charged up to political motives. He may aspire to a third term, but such is hardly probable, and if he did he would doubtless meet the same fate as did the immortal Ulysses S. Grant, the nation's foremost man of the nineteenth century. HANKERS SUICIDE. One of the saddest and most la mentable affairs that has happened in the Northwest for the past qurter of a century, perhaps, occurred in Van couver, Wash., last Friday and Sat urday. The First National bank of that city was found to be short some $81,000 by Bank Examiner J. W. Max well, who at once charged Charles Brown, president of the bank, and E. L. Canby, cashier, with the crime of looting the bank of its deposits. When confronted with the crime they at once broke down and admitted their guilt. For a moment after be ing confronted with that crime the men seemed perfectly desperate, and debated in their minds whether to take the life of Mr. Maxwell or their own. After an experience such as would cause the average mans hair to turn gray in the course of an hour, Mr. Maxwell succeeded in getting control of the bank and getting the accused men to leave the building. They at once dropped out of sight, j and though warrants were immedi ately sworn out for their arrest, they could not be found until late Satur-! day night, when their dead bodies were found lying one across the other, both having committed suicide with the same revolver. The bank was supposed to be in excellent condition until the shortage was accidentally discovered, as the last report showed $230,000 on deposit. No official state ment has as yet been made concern ing the exact condition of the bank by Mr. Maxwell. Cl BAN COMMITTEE. The Cuban convention having re jected the Platt amendment, has de cided to send a committee, composed of the following members of the con stitutional convention, to confer with President McKinley as to the differ ences which exist between the conven tion and the United States. The com mittee of five is made up as follows: Senors Tamniayo, Capote, Berriel. Toortundo and Lorente. It may be a wise move on the part of the Cubans, but it certainly will not cause the United States to modify the position which it has already taken on the Cu-1 ban question; but, as has been said j by some newspaper commentator, it may bring the Cubans to their proper sense of mind, and convince them that J the United States proposes to be fair with them, but proposes to be fair | with itself first of all. This country j has a duty to perfom so far as those is lands are concerned, and it will per form it to the letter of the law before it will ever surrender one jot or tittle ' of its present power on those islands. i SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1901 AFRO-AMERICANS THE FARM, TOO. "Let the Negroes not desert the church and the schoolhouse," says a religious exchange, and it might have Pdded, nor the farm as well. When a race, no better prepared for commer ] cial pursuits than is the Negro of this ! country, deserts the country and the j farm for the counting room and the , city's soft snaps, then such a race is but lending a helping hand to the re tarding of its own progress and pros perity and financially digging its own grave; SELF-MADE MAX. Major John R. Lynch, who was re cently appointed to a paymastership in the regular army, is one of the most complete self-made men that this country has ever seen. At the time of the emancipation Mr. Lynch was unable to read or write, though he was over twenty years of age, but by hard study and perseverance he has not only, learned to read and write, but has made himself one of Mississippi's foremost thinkers and statesmen, his color to the contrary notwithstanding, and now he seems in a fair way of being one of the na tion's leading and foremost men as well. a BUSINESS success. "Booked to land, George H. Wnite, et —Colored American. With Mr. White's prestige and experience in business affairs it would seem that he would rot lose very much time in trying to land in a federal position. If he is as able and as successful a lawyer as he has been credited with being, he would certainly do himself, as well as his race a great deal more credit to prove to be a business suc cess, rather than an officeholding suc cess, and leave that to men possessing less tact and talent than he. TOO MANY LEADERS. An exchange thinks that the colored race is "weak in leaders," whereas a contemporary retorts, "it i s weak from leaders." Both, to some extent, are wrong. Able leaders, made up of polished, refined and educated gen tlemen are much needed among the colored folk of this country at present leaders of the Booker T. Washing- 1 ton stripe. It is also true that men. immoral, ignorant and vicious, are too* frequently found among the Negroes posing as their real race leaders, which is very injurious to them as a race. There is always room at the top for good men, while on the other hand, impostors should be crowded down. WANT "HOOK LARXI3V." What the Negroes of Maryland should have been doing for the past quarter of a century they have begun to do sin* el the rlisiriiiieLifement out rage has been perpetrated in that state. Night schools all over the ;.tule have sprung up like magic, and every man and his brother among the Republicans are teaching the illiterate Negroes to read and write, that they may be able to vote at the next elec tion. Here is a true case of an angel sending it, though the devil brought it. TURNER AT IT AGAIN. It is rather an imposition on the part of Bishop Turner to wish to have ail of the ciitnii.alr; of his race in this country sent to Africa as a punish ment for any crime, they may hve committed. Those people, it would appear, are already low enough in the slums of perdition without being dragged farther therein by lump lots of semi-civilized criminals from this country, which would be the case, it Bishop Turner's plan was carried out. If any of his race are to go to Africa it should be the very best ones. V NEGRO REPORTER. One of the regular reporters of the Daily Record of Chicago is W. H. A. Moore, a young colored gentleman who is highly educated and a ready writer and has quite a nose for news. Just why more young colored men have not taken to this field is a ques tion that is hard to explain. There is no excuse in saying that managing editors of papers will not employ them, for if the applicant will turn in I a good story the paper will always find room for it, and if he repeates it and repeats it again, the paper will not only find room for his stories, but the managing editor will find a regu lar place for so ready a story writer. Repeatedly has the editor of The Re publican been offered places on daily papers," yea, twice he has worked on daily papers in this city as a regular reporter and found no more trouble than the other fellow whose skin was a good deal fairer. SAFE SECRETARIES. In the Eastern states and cities young colored men are taking to type writing and stenographic work very rapidly and are making such success ful operators in that line that they are being extensively employed by commercial concerns and business enterprises in the capacity of type writer and stenographer. They espe ! cially make most excellent, as well as i efficient private secretaries. It is i said that the late Collis P. Hunting ten's private secretary was a colored man, und no one. regardless of his station in life, could see Mr. Hunting ton without first making his business known to his colored private secre tary, and he would decide whether the applicant could see the '"master" or not. Often he made mistakes, it is said, but Mr. Huntington retained him until his death, and he is now occupy ing the same position for Archer M. Huntington, the adopted son of Collis P. Huntington. George Gould, the fa mous lailroad king, has a colored pri vate secretary, and he, too, has the absolute say as to who will see Mr. Goulc' on business relations. He started oat on a small salary, but has been raised by Mr. Gould, until he is now drawing a fabu'ous sum lor "pro tecting him from cranks. COLORED MF..CHANICS. Speaking about the actions of the union bricklayers refusing to work with colored bricklayers on the state house in Mississippi, calls to mind the fact that throughout the South now and ever since the mind of man runneth not to the contrary both the skilled and the unskilled labor in that section have been done by the color ed folk. The skilled mechanic, white, was the exception, and by no means the i vile. Contracting and building, whether brick, wood or iron, have beve been done for years by colored men, and this explains why only that class of colored men without money, means or experience come North, the mechanic finding plenty of work to do in the South without ever hav ing to be troubled with either union or unionism; but when they have ventured North they find not only unionism to fight, but color preju dice as well. Nowhere in the North are colored mechanics given a fair show to do honest labor, and so when they, want to continue to follow their occupations they remain in the South. ITE|S|TIST Norway is about three times the size of New York state. Canada hatches annually 75,000,000 lobsters. Northumberland is the worst coun try for drunkenness in England. Charity in Great Britain last year relieved 792,367 persons in distress. 'The taxes collected in the city of New York are greater than the total wealth of the- city was five years ago. Mexico and the United States fur nish the world one-half of all of the silver that it uses in every way. There are 700,000 children of school age in London, and out of these 100, --000 are always absent from school. The vacant land in the city of Bos ton has an assessed valuation of $62, --000,000. All Spanish sheep are white except those of La Manchura, which are black. Over 20,000 unmarried girls left Ireland for the United States during the year 1900. The oil wells of Montpelier, Ind., produced 407,600 barrels of oil in March, which was sold for $420,000. In the United Kingdom of Great Britain the longevity of life from one to one hundred years is sixty-one years, seven months and seven days. In Charleston, S. C, there is an as paragus farm of 206 acres from which the proprietor is making a mint of money. Next year it is reported that there will be an increase of between 50,000 and 100,000 additional acres of land devoted to rice culture in the South. There is an oak tree in the island of Chios, in the Aegean sea, which is believed to be twenty-nine centuries old. Over 500,000 copies of the novel "East Lynn" have been sold since it was first issued, and still there are no signs of stopping. A seat in the New York stock ex change recently sold for $59,000. This breaks all previous records in this di rection. Mexico leads in the manufacture of cigarettes. Last year 376,000,000 packages of cigarettes and 119,000,000 cigars were turned out. France has water boundary as fol lows: Mediterranean sea coast, 395 miles; North sea, straits of Dover and English channel, 572 miles; At lantic ocean, 584 miles. Nazareth, the famous Biblical city, now has a telegraph office, and the Armenian proprietor, who is attired in European dress, ticks the wires to the outside world at that point. The census of Cuba, taken in 1900, shows the following proportion of the races of that island: Whites, 1.052,497 (of these 910,299 are native born); blacks, 505,443. (Of these 234,638 are Negroes and 270,805 are persons of mixed blood.) Mrs. John Kangley, widow of John Kangley, who was left by him 1,365 shares of Burlington stock, has sold the same at $65 per share and there by realized over $100,000 in cash by the investment. IUEENjITr 1 FRANKLIN IMPROVEMENTS. The recent announcement on the part of the Pacific Coast Co., to the effect that it proposes to make im provements in and about the Frank lin mines, which would require an outlay of some $180,000, recalls to the minds of a great many people now living in King county that at one time the Franklin mines had the largest output of coal and was the most ex tensive coal mining camp in the state of Washington. Once upon a time there were not less than a thousand men employed at the Franklin mines, and on pay days there the miners re ceived all the way from $60,000 to $100,000. At that time it, perhaps, had the most complete mining plant anywhere to be found north of Cali fornia and west of Montana. That mining camp was the source of exten sive revenues faor Seattle, and many commercial houses almost depended solely upon the trade derived from those mines. It is very gratifying, therefore, to learn from the authori ties that Franklin is to again bloom as it did in days of yore and be the means of distributing many thousands of dollars each month among the working people and commercial houses of King county. MEN SUFFOCATED. The report that a number of men had been almost overcome with gas and fumes in the Great Northern tun nel through the Cascade mountains and the actual death of one man, which the coroner's jury declared died on the account of negligence on the part of the railroad authorities, brings to mind that this road has probably had more fatal accidents on it in re cent mouths than any other road spanning the continent. Whether or not the railroad authorities are blam able for these accidents this paper is not prepared to say, but it does know that no other road now or at any other time has reported so many fatal acci dents as are now being charged up to the Great Northern. The recent accident in the tunnel is the second of its kind thus far in this year, and something should be done to obviate the danger to human life in that tun nel. The tame danger does not tend the working men of a similar North ern Pacific tunnel, and it does seem that the Great Northern should be as equally successfully handled as it. " ROIIIIER " ROBBED. It is noted that a couple of masked men recently robbed a saiOn in New castle and relieved the proprietor of some $2,500. Is it possible that the thieves and thugs that have overrun this city for so many months are now branching out to take in the subur ban towns and communities and re lieve the citizens thereof of whatever money and valuables they may hap pen to have in their possession? It is unfortunate for even saloon men to lose so much money at the hands of highway robbers, but, after all, it is but one robber robbing another rob ber. What business did a saloon have of having that amount of money in its safe? Had the proprietor of that sa loon not taken that money there to skin the miners out of their hard earnings, . both by shaving their checks and selling them vile drinks lor the demoralizing of themselves and their families, no such an amount of money would have ever been in his premises at the time. It is to be re gretted that highway robbery is so common in this section of the coun try at present, but no tears should be shed for any man who has legally robbed men of their reason as well as their money, by selling them liquors for as many years as has Henry Col lins, the man who was robbed, in case he happens to get looted for a few thousands. SEATTLE'S TROUBLES. Never before in the history of this city were there so manuy robberies, holdups and deviltry in general com mitted as at present. Saloons broils in the dead hours of the night, when saloons if run according to law, should be closed, are of nightly occurrence. There is no doubt but that if all of these saloons were closed at 1 o'clock and kept closed until 6 the next morn ing, that the amount of crime. would be lessened in this city. There are hundreds and hundreds of men in this city who never go to bed only on the chairs and benches in the saloons and brothels where they drink and carouse until they are unable to navigate, and then stagger over to the bench and 3k-ep the balance of the time. Al though some man is robbed and all but murdeied every night, it is rarely that any of these holdups ar^ ever caught by the policemen and till more rarely of one ever being con victed unless he confesses his own guilt. PERSONAL. Mrs. Frank Alfred was over from Bremerton last Thursday. Mr. Eugene Harris, who has been in Tacoma since last January, has de cided to return to Seattle and take up the thread where he laid it down. Mr. Fred C. Stewart, superinten dent of the White river hatchery, was visiting in this city last Tuesday and shaking hands with his many friends. PRICE FIVE CENTS Ed Morrison, formerly of Seattle, and quite well .nown here in certain circles, has been sentenced to one year in the penitentiary from What com county on a charge of burglary. Mr. H. H. Dearborn, the tide land king, who has been in Eastern Wash ington visiting his former home in Walla Walla, returned from that place last Monday morning, and is again at his desk disposing of tide land and other real estate. In case you or any of the readers of The Republican need furniture or household goods of any kind, class or description, you would make money by buying such things of the Holmes Furniture Co., of this city. It un doubtedly is made up of the best line of furniture for the money of any similar house in the city, and The Re publican can vouch for it that you will be more considerately treated in that house than any other house in the city. An entertainment was given at the A. M. E. church last Wednesday even ing for the benefit of the stewards, whose duty it is to raise money for the maintenance of the church. The entertainment was quite well attend ed and highly appreciated by those present. The following persons took part: Recitation. Miss Cora Lauce; solo, Miss Strauthers; recitation, Mr. Reuben Miller; paper, "Our State," Mr. J. F. Cragwell; mandolin solo, Mr. Ora; solo, Mr. Gordon; ad dress, Mr. Black, of New York; duet, Miss Clara Threet and Mr. Gayton; recitation. Miss Lillie Bailey; duet, Mr. Davis and Mr. Taylor. On last Wednesday evening, April 19, "The Young People's Pleasure Club" of this city, gave their third surprise party of this season at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Clark, No. 11l Twenty-fifth avenue north. The first was given at the home of Mr. and Mrs. R. Dixon, in honor of their son Chester; the second was given at the home of Mr. and Mrs. O'Brien, in honor of their daughter Margaret, and the third was given in honor of Alma and Byron Clark. Those pres ent were: Miss Clark, Miss Harris, Miss Selby, Miss Lee, Miss Bailey, Misses D. and M. O'Brien and Mr. Clark, Mr. Miller, Mr. Butler, Mr. Dixon, Mr. Brooks, Mr. Morton and Mr. Hall. AT THE THEATERS. The Third Avneue. The Elleford Company, which is headed by Miss Jessie Norton, a bright little lady who plays soubrette roles charmingly, has been playing to large houses at the Third Avenue theater the past week, will enter on the second and last Iweek of their en gagement Sunday matinee with the presentation of "The Two Sisters." It is by Denman Thompson, author of "The Old Homestead." It is a play of emotion and is regarded by the best of writers of the press as an import ant revolution in dramatic workman ship, as it comes closer to the people, reflecting their joys and sorrows, and is interesting because it is full of hu man nature; it entertains every mo ment. "The Two Sisters" will run until Thursday evening, giving way to "The Beacon Lights," adapted to the stage by Jos. R. Grismer. The Grand Opera House. The fourth week of the Frawley season at the Grand Opera House will begin Sunday afternoon. A strong hope has been expressed that the en gagement may be prolonged for a few weeks, and there is a probability that this may be the case. Two bills will be given next week. The first play is to be "The Ensign," the stir ring naval drama by William Ha worth. This will hold the boards from Sunday to and including Wednesday afternoon and night. On Thursday, and for the remainder of the week, with a matinee on Saturday, the great comedy drama of modern American life, "The Senator," will be given. The Seattle. The Seattle public is to see Miss Blanche Walsh in a new role at the Seattle theater for three nights, com mencing Sunday. Under the manage ment of Mr. Ben Stern and Mr. Joseph Brooks she is being starred this sea son as Josephine in "More Than Queen." Miss Walsh's appearance will be awaited with considerable in terest, for the role she is portraying is perhaps the most pretentious of her stage career. La Loie Fuller, the wonderful French dancer, is coming to the Seat tle theater for four nights next week. She is now on her farewell tour of America, and created a new dance this season, in which she wears a dress containing 10,000 yards of silk. This cost in Europe over $5,000, and so delicate is the texture that it re quired a Chinese firm four years to make up the order. A visit from Editor Kibbe and daughter, of the Elma Chronicle, last Friday was journalistically refresh ing. The Chronicle, by the way, has just celebrated its twelfth birthday. QUEEN OIL COMPANY STOCK SELLING FOR 25 CENTS. We have just purchased forty acres of absolutely proven oil lands at Sun set. Kern County, California. Work drilling wells will commence within thirty days and as soon as the town site is platted. We sell the lots, reserving oil rights. Call at office, 1221 First avenue and see samples of oil and maps. Stock non-assessable. Stock will advance in price as work progresses.