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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
Vol. VII., No. 47 COLORED RACE Under Critical Observation Here and There. IT'S UPS AND DOWNS Favored by President McKinley— Tuskegee Opens a Bank — Thomas an Imposter—Disfran tehisement Denounced — Blind Tom is Coming—Major Taylor Lionized—Want a Negro Ex hibit—NcKinley's Good Advice. COLORED FOLK PLEASED. The social conditions of New Or leans being of such a nature that it was impossible for the president of the United States to be entertained by all of the citizens at the same time, it should have been very grat ifying to the colored iolk of that city when • the president gave to them his first consideration and at tention on his arrival thereto. The presidents and his traveling compan ions were highly entertained by 1,000 colored school children, who sang "Hail to the Chief and saluted him with flowers and flags. Subse quently he was the guest of honor of from between 5,000 and 10,000 col ored folk at a public reception, and brief speeches were made by the en tertainers and responded to by the president. The entertainment of the school children given to "the president at that place has been one of the very pleasant features of his tour thus far, and it is one that he himself says he will probably pleas antly remember the balance of his life. - . H SKEGEE'S NEW BANK. ———— And now comes the famous Tus kegee institution with a new feature of its- industrial life, the establish ment of a regular bank in connec tion with the school. According to a report sent out by one of the stu dents, the students and teachers of the institution patronized the^ bank to the extent of $1,232.30 in de posits during the month of March. No department connected with this famous institution of Southern en terprise will be fruitful of better re sults toward the elevation of the young colored folk than this bank ing department. Instead, of the young people vicing with each other to see which one can spend the most money frivolously, they will seek to outstrip each other in the largeness of their respective hank accounts. It will not only have a telling effect upon the students, but it will like wise imbue the teachers of the coun ty and state, as well as the farmers thereabouts to hide their earnings, at least that part for which they have no immediate use, away in this bank for safe keeping. And thus will this school and its master become a stronghold around which the various dissenting elemtns of the Negro race of that section will gather, and form a nucleus from which they may move grandly on to success, not only in the section where this school is located will this be true, but all over the United States and even in foreign lands will its influence be eventually felt. THOMAS RUN DOWN. If what John Edward Bruce, who has been looking up the record of William Hannibal Thomas, the fa mous book writer, says be true, then that man Thomas, who so willfully, audaciously and with malice afore thought maligned the colored race, is the most notorious scoundrel un hung. In speaking about Thomas' book to a prominent man of this city not long since, he was led to remark: '"Thomas is either crazy or a fiend incarnate. I have just finished reading his book and likewise just finished reading the autobiography of Booker T A Washington, and I must confess I never read two books on the same subject that differed so widely. If Thomas is not a disgrace to the twentieth century civilization, then a human being cannot be that. His scurrilous book finds readers, perhaps numerous readers, neverthe less it stands as a printed monument of how low a human being can fall in depravity and yet exist among people. On the other hand, Mr. Washington's book is one that can be read with interest and pleasure, as it neither portrays glittering suc cess nor wanton depravity among the people whom he is struggling to elevate." I j A NEW RICHMOND. Unexpectedly the colored folk of old Virginia have found a new cham pion to oppose.the proposed disfran chisement act, which will be voted on in that state this year, and this new champion is none other than ex- Governor Charles T. O'Farrall, who, though bitterly opposed in many in stances to the colored man being considered an equal to the white man, yet is a stickler for the preser vation of the constitution of his country. No man was more opposed to the passage of the fifteenth amendment to the constitution of the United States than was Mr. OTerrall, but who, now that it is passed, says he believes it should be maintained and protected, not only in Virginia, but in every state in the union. "The constitution has made citizens of the Negroes, and the constitution should protect that citizenship, regardless of where it is found, and regardless of the circum stances and conditions under which it is found." Thus the Negro has accidentally stumbled upon a new found Richmond as to his constitu tional rights, and it may be possible that the stand taken by this Rich mond will induce others equally as influential in that state to come to the defense of the constitution and thus prevent a class of people from being disfranchised and the consti tution of the United States, the most sacred document that was ever penned or printed in America, to be protected from further flagrant abuse. BLIND TOM LIVES. From a reliable exchange publish ed in the East, it is learned that Blind Tom, the famous Negro pianist, is not only not dead, but is well and has lost none of his clever ness in manipulating the keys of a piano. According to this exchange he is still under the protection of Mrs. Bethune, his legal guardian, and next season she will be on the roac| with Tom again, giving per formances as of yore. Blind Tom is doubtless the most wonderful musi cal freak that was ever born, and there is unquestionably no doubt but that he is the most wonderful musical freak that has ever been heard in public, and the announce ment that he will again electrify audiences with his wonderful musi cal talent and ability will be received with much favor on the part of the general public and no one will fail to hear him when he plays in their immediate vicinity. For a long time the right of possession to Tom was a legal complication, but it was finally settled in favor of Mrs. Be thume, }vho is the surviving mem- | ber of that famous Virginia family, and she keeps a zealous guard over him. Aside from his musical ability, the man seems to be nothing more or less than a common idiot, and, if he was not cared for by some tender hands, the lunatic asylum would be hi^ portion. While this lady may have, and undoubtedly will make considerable money out of Tom's musical ability, no one seems to be more entitled to it than she, as her family and herself have cared for him since his earliest existence, and not only cared for him, but likewise cared for Tom's relatives, who are comfortably supported out of his earnings accruing from his work on the stage. TAYLOR IS A WONDER. Major Taylor, the bicycle wonder, who has won fame beyond measure in Paris by defeating all comers for the world's bicycle championship, is the hero of the hour in France and Europe in general. He has met and defeated the world's most noted cycle champion, and the black American is followed about the streets, according to cablegram dis patches, by admiring crowds just as was Sullivan in his palmiest prize fighting days, or was Corbet t after defeating Sullivan in the memorable New Orleans fistic battle. There is one remarkable thing about Major Taylor, and that is, he is in no wise given to dissipation of any kind, class or description, though a cham pion racer, and though he races for a living, he is almost a model Sun day school scholar, absolutely refus ing to race on Sundays, to bet on races or cards or games of any kind, and to use intoxicant liquors in any shape, form or manner. A striking contrast can be drawn between the man he defeated and himself, for his opponent is reported to # be a lusher and an all-round good fellow in the common acceptation of that word, both in France and America. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1901 THAT NEGRO EXHIBIT. Whether right or wrong, a. num ber of the leading colored folk, of Missouri and a few of the adjoining states have decided to have a separ ate exhibit at the Pan-American ex position. Such a determination, it seems, is almost an eleventh hour conclusion, and it seems almost im possible at present to get a creditable exhibit to the exposition in time for it to serve the purpose that its pro moters desire it to do. Prom an in dividual standpoint on the part of the editor hereof such an exhibit is wholly unnecessary, but ,if those col ored folk who are interesting them selves in the affair, feel that they want it and are willing to spend their money, time and talent in the collection of the same, it is their business affair, and no journal, news paper nor periodical published by a colored man should feel called upon to place any obstacles in the way of them carrying out their proposed plans. Permit every man, woman and child do whatever they feel it is their duty and their wish to do and there will be less race friction and more unity of purpose on the part of the colored folk of this country. So far as the far West is concerned, it has little to offer as an exhibit eman ating from colored folk, and yet there are colored folk in the far West doing equally well financially and otherwise as any to be found in the far East. Such an exhibit on the Pan-American grounds would not be overlooked by the thousands and thousands of visitors who will be on the grounds during the lifetime of the exposition for the express pur pose of sightseeing. GREAT IS McKINLEY. More lofty ideas as to the colored race's success were never uttered than those which fell from Presi dent MeKinley's mouth in Texas last week in speaking to the school chil dren of the Texas State Normal for colored folk. Among other things, he used the following words of en couragement to them: ''What we want more than any thing else, whether we be white or whether we be black—what we want is to know how to do something well. If you will just learn to do one thing that is useful better than any body else can do that one thing, you will never be out of a job. And all employment is honorable employ ment. The race/ is moving on, and has a promising future before it, It has been faithful to the government of the United States. It has been true and loyal and abiding. ,"Fellow-citizens, always observe the law. In our recent war with Spain your race displayed distinguished qualities of gallantry upon more than one field. You were in the fight at El Caney and San Juan Hill, the brave black boys helping to em ancipate the oppressed people of Cuba, and your race is in the Phil ippines, carrying the flag, and they have carried it stainless, in honor and in glory. "The last word I would leave with you is to be true and right to homes to family, to yourselves and true to God." DEMOCRATIC NUISANCE. If the Post-Intelligencer loves the colored men as it does, why not in vite them to the home of the editor, give them the responsible positions on the paper, fire the white men, and then see how long a Northern com munity will support your paper.— Tacoma Sun-Democrat. In advocating equal justice for the colored man, the same as the white man, the Post-Intelligencer is not advocating social equality for the two race 9. There is a striking difference between public equality and social equality, and the man who is not competent to distinguish the difference between the two is him self not a good citizen, and, if a law abiding citizen, he is by no means an intelligent citizen. Perhaps the Tacoma Sun-Democrat would be just as ready to employ colored men to fill the responsible positions on its paper as would the Post-Intelligen cer or any other paper, or any other business concern as to that matter, if colored persons were able to fill the positions better and more credit ably than they are now being filled by white persons. There is a lesson for the colored man himself to learn from this undue criticism emanating from a rawhide and bloody bones Democratic paper, and it is this, whatever the colored man does he must do it better than any one else, if he expects to be employed as are other applicants. The words of President McKinley to the colored (Continued on Third page WEEK'S_WORK That Have Transpired During Past Seven Days. CURRENT COMMENTS Much Money for Mexico—Philip pines to Have a Civil Govern ment—Sunday Saloon Closing! in Kansas City—Remember Old j Pioneers — Women in Govern ment Offices—Florida's Fatal Fire—Boy Detectives. MEXICO WAXTS MONEY. Like Alexander of old, the mil lionaires of Chicago are longing for more financial worlds to conquer, and, in their casting about in quest of such, they have discovered that Mexico, though ancient and old, is a' splendid field in which to operate, j and it is learned from Chicago pa pers that millions of dollars of money belonging to the capitalists | of that city will be sent to Mexico J with the view of developing its in dustries as well as its mineral and vegetable resources. Even the Mex ican officials, though for the most part unfriendly to the United States, are not averse to such a developing process so far as their country is con cerned, and have granted valuable concessions to those adventurers with the view of stimulating them to early action. There is no doubt but that such a course will bring about closer business relations between" the United States and Mexico, and it is I to be hoped that the work will be) begun by the Chicago millionaires at once, or as soon as convenient. A CIVIL, GOVERNMENT. The Associated Press dispatches, from Manila bearing date of May 3, announce to the world that a civil government had been established in the island of Luzon .^nd a similar form of government would be ex tended to other islands as soon as the Philippine commission could ar range for it. The population of Ma nilla, according; to the census just completed, is 244,732 souls. The capturing of Aguinaldo and the es tablishing of a civil government in the Philippines are swift witnesses that conditions there are rapidly as suming a normal condition, with symmetry and shape, and that those islands will soon be as peaceably gov erned as the islands of our own coun try which are in close proximity thereto. There is no doubt in the mind of the average American but that a splendid form of civil govern me nt will yet come out of the Phil ippine chaos, and that the day is not far distant when this country will be as proud of the Philippine islands as it is today of Alaska, the purchase of which was as bitterly opposed as was the acquisition of the Philip pines, and the Filipinos will be equally proud of this country. SUNDAY SALOONS CLOSED. It is a mistake pure and simple to say that good wholesome agitation is not fruitful of most excellent re sults. Owing to the peculiar kind of agitation that was brought into ex istence by Mrs. Carrie Nation, even a city as badly steeped in sin and vice as was and is Kansas City, an edict has gone out from the mayor declaring that all saloons must be closed on Sundays. Immediately after Mrs. Nation's crusade in that city, for which she was fined $500 by the trial justice, the preachers thereof began to look into the moral conditions therein, and then and there begun a fight to have sa loons closed on Sundays, and are now successful in the effort. Mayor Reed has just issued a positive order that all saloons must be closed tight on Sundays. This is a great victory for Mrs. Nation, the preachers and the Law and Order League, not only of Kansas City, but all over the country. OREGON'S MOMMEXT. At the little village of Chamopeg, thirty miles south of Portland a granite monument on May 2 was raised by the citizens of Oregon in honor and memory of the fifty-two founders of the provisional govern ment of that state in 1843. Those are historic grounds and bring to mind great stirring historic facts, facts in which the government of this country are deeply concerned, for perhaps had not these pioneers rushed out there and early establish- Ed a provisional government with allegiance to the LTnited States, not I only Oregon, but all of the North west would now be a part of the British domain instead of prosperous states of the LTnited States. Too much cannot be said in commemora tion of the efforts, on the part of those pioneers in saving Oregon to the United States, and the latter-day citizens of Oregon have done well in erecting a monument that will be a landmark to generations unborn of the patriotic work of their noble sires and government protectors. THE WOMEN EMPLOYES. This paper does not view with alarm the increasing numbers of wo men being employed in the-office de partments of our government at Washington City. According to a recent report compiled by a govern ment accountant, the women have increased within the past thirty years at a ratio of 33 per cent, as employes of the government, and taking this as a basis, he figures it out, that by 1960 every position in the office de partment of the government will be filled by women. Grant it that they will, even then, where is the danger in that? If the hand that rocks the cradle governs the world indirectly, why cannot the same hand govern it directly? But'in the women filling the various government minor of fices, they are not ruling the govern ment, but are simply pieces of ma chinery in the great machine of gov ernment mechanism, and only do what they are directed to do by some lord and master. If women did not render just as valuable service to the government as men, there might still be reasons for complaint along these lines, but from reports sent out, the contrary is generally shown. The women are even more dutiful, more careful and painstaking than the men in similar positions, and for the most part more trustworthy and less liable to be mixed up in govern ment steals than are the men. If all this be true, then it would be bet ter for the country if all its employes were women instead of men. CITIZENS OF INDIA. Recently a compelte census has been taken of British India and those unacquainted with the coun try and its population will find much interest in the following figures, which have been given out as an ac curate report of the actual popula tion of the country: Ajmere-Merwara 476,330 Assam 6,122,201 Bengal 74,713,020 Berar 2,752,418 Bombay 18,584,496 Burma 9,221,161 Central Provinces 9,845,318 Coorg 180,461 Madras 38,208,609 Northwest Provinces and Oudh 47,696,324 Punjab 22,449,484 Baluchistan 810,811 Andamans 24,499 Total British India. .231,085,132 JACKSONVILLE'S GREAT FIRE. Jacksonville, Florida, can boast of having had the fire of the year, at least for the year up to the present time, which occurred last Friday, May 3. It is estimated by the in surance companies that not less than $15,000,000 worth of property was burned on that occasion, which property covered a territory of 130 blocks in the very heart of the city. The fire raged for ten hours, and the departments were wholly unable to cope with it until it had com pletely exhausted itself for a lack of material to further consume. Over 10,000 persons are homeless on ac count of it, and many fatal causal ties are reported. The fire was a re sult of a defective wire in a factory, which, owing to the highly inflam able material with which the build ing was constructed, soon got be yond the control of the fire fighters, and a favorable wind fanned the flames so that the entire business portion of the city was soon in a heap of ruins. Public and private donations for the relief of the suf ferers have begun to pour in, and soon Jacksonville will have risen, "phoenix-like," into a brand new city. BAD FOR THE BOYS. It is learned from a Chicago paper 'that detectives are being made out of young boys in that city, who are to spot criminals and to hunt them down to their places of vice, the boys not being suspected by the criminals, as would men in a similar avocation. To make a detective out of qji innocent young boy is practi cally the same as making a criminal out of him. A new world dawns upon his mind and he is thrown in contact with things that he never dreamed of before, and from a de tective it will be but a short step and a near cut to a criminal. This is not intended to be a wholesale accusa tion against detectives, but it is in tended to discourage the proposed plan of making detectives out of boys who ought to be at home with their parents and learning useful trades,, instead of legally lounging about places of vice for the express purpose of spotting thieves, but who spot more kinds of vice to practice than they do criminals. The old adage that "it takes a thief to catch a thief" is quite applicable in this case, and the parents of such chil dren should consider the proposition of making detectives out of them long and well before they ever assent to the same. AN ITALIAN INFLUX. It is estimated that over 40,000 Italians have already come to this country within the present year, which seems to be the largest influx of Italian immigrants in the same length of time ever known in the history of this country. While in the past this class of emigrants have stopj>ed in the Northern states it is noted that they are now seeking the more sunny climes of the South, and it is learned from one of the leading Southern papers that the Italians are rapidly becoming expert operators in the cotton fields, culti vating and gathering the same with equal aptnessi to the native Negro workmen. In Louisiana Italians are being used as an experiment on the cotton farms, and, if they prove as successful, and it looks as if, they will, it is the intention of the planters to import them in great numbers for that kind of work. Then again the Italian is an adept at grape raising, and the hilly sec tions of Mississippi are quite suit able for grape culture, and those sec tions of Mississippi are being desert ed by the colored folk, who are con gregating in the "delta." It is the intention of the owners of those lands, to settle Italians upon them, and it is thought they will soon make out of such deserted lands valuable grape farms. Generally speaking the Italians are an unde sirable class of emigrants, but, if they are sent to the rural districts of the South, a few millions of them would not be out of place to mix in with the native help of that section. CRIMINALS TO BE PARDONED. It is announced that both Cole and James Younger, the notorious war bandits, whose lurid lights of robbery, murder and treason hung from a thousand cantp fires dur ing and for a time after the late civil war until they were captured in Northfield, Minn., some twenty-five years ago, are to be pardoned. Per haps the hands of no two men in the world are stained with the heart's blood of as many of their fellow cit izens as the Younger boys, unless it be those of the James boys, who at one time were their partners in crime. The Younger boys, having been captured, were, contrary to all expectation, given life sentences in the Minnesota state prison at Still water, instead of hung for their no torious crimes, which they richly de served. Now, because these men have been model prisoners and have not given the guards any great amount of trouble, sickly sentiment is to make their pardons possible. Time, it seems, cures all evils; and time, it seems, has healed over the breach that the Youngers caused with their own hands to be made be tween themselves and Christian civ ilization, by leaving the paths of rec titude in which they had been brought up by a sainted mother and turning bloody bandits, with trea son, arson and murder not only in their hearts, but in their hands as well, and our latter-day civilization is to pour anointing oil on their heads and pronounce them saints instead of sinners. The manufacture of writing pens is materially falling off. The nine teenth century saw the steel pen supplant the quill for writing pur poses, and the twentieth century will see the typewriter supplant writing pens for the same purpose. This falling off in the use of pens is no ticeable in the manufactures. Last year there were published in the United States 666,536 new books, or 653 more than in the pre vious year. Price Five Cents SHARPSHOTS Of Things of General Infor mation and 'Instruction. STATISTICAL NOTES Culled and Collected From th Most Reliable Sources and of the Kind Most Useful to the Busy, Bustling Man of Hurry and Whoop-It-Up — Some In teresting Railroad European Milage Data. Of all of the large cities of the world, London, England, is said to have the poorest water system. It is said that after a careful re search there is not to be found a single Jew in all of the United States in a state prison. Eepresentatives from forty-two of the Indian tribes will hold an Indian congress at the Pan-American expo sition at Buffalo next summer. Whisky is a peculiar kind of evil. It never looks one up, and will al ways let one alone if you will just let it alone. The percentage of illiteracy, ac cording to the late census, is less in the state of Kansas than any other state in the Union or any other country on the globe save Belgium. The bill which legally permits New York to accept a library gift of $5,200,000 from Andrew Carnegie, passed the last legislature, has been signed by Governor Odell. In the future, for the next ten years at least, New York state will have thirty-seven congressional dis tricts, and thirty-nine instead of thirty-six members of the next elec toral college. Philologists say that there were thirteen original European lan guages, as follows: Greek, Latin, German, Slavonic, Biscayan, Irish, Albanian, Tartarian, Illyrian, Jazy gin, Chaucin and Finnic. Though Joseph Lennon of New York had his back broken and a part of his vertebrae removed, he is still able to walk across the ward in. the hospital in which he is being treated and will be discharged in June as cured. Germany at the beginning of 1900' had 39,069 miles of railway; Russia, 28,745 miles; France, 26,382 miles; Austria Hungary, 22,670; Great Britain, 21,790; Italy, 9,827; Spain, 8,301; Sweden, 6,702, and Belgium, 3,871, a grand total of 175,821 miles. Centenarians are quite numerous in Spain, this fact having been brought out by the municipalities offering to pension all persons over a hundred years of age. Many have, come in for their pensions, and one man boasts of being 130 years old and is still in splendid health and physical condition. Buffalo, in which the present Pan-American exposition is being held, was a mere village until 1832, when it was incorporated with a population of 8,000. It is now the second city in size in the state, of New York, : with a population of - 352,000. Germans may drink a good deal of beer, but according to late reports they are not in it in comparison with the English folks. There are one hundred and forty millions of gal lons of, beer brewed yearly in the United Kingdom, which equals the total amount brewed by France, America and Austria. There are 6,192 Young Men's Christian Associations in the world, one-quarter of which are in the United States. Germany has 687, North America 1,349, and England and Scotland 1,233. The total mem bership of the associations is 521, --000, of which number 255,000 are in America, 105,000 in England, and 92,000 in Germany. The prop erty in the United States is valued at $24,000,000. The association was founded by Sir George Williams. June 6, 1844.