Newspaper Page Text
The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
Vol. VIII., No. * BROTHER IN BLACK Under Critical Eye of Ob serving Men. BORROWED THOUGHTS Congressman Livingston Has a Word to Say—His Open Confes sion Food for Thought—Negroes Leaving the Atlantic States- Educational Funds in Florida- Sheriff Stood Fat—Sister Smith Seriously Injured — Tuskegee Gets a Gift From Rockefeller. NO DISFH ANCHISEM.ENT. Congressman Livingston of Geor gia is me nr*f Southern white man to strike tiie keynote on the dis iranchisement ol the colored voters in the (South, in a recent inter view be is credited with having said: '"The states of Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina will yet regret they have passed disf ranchise ment acts aimed and directed at col ored men only, Sooner or later con gress will look into this matter and will cut down the number of repre sentatives from those states in pro portion to the number of votes iriat are actually cast by them, and then the devil will be; to pay. .tor such will reopen the issues of the civil war ana thus widen the political chasm between the North and the South which haai existed since the hrst agitation of the slavery ques tion, oo far as the colored voters are concerned in the state of Geor gia, »we have no great amount of trouble with them, and we manage to carry our election just the same af is they were disfranchised. The white people of Georgia are most de cidedly opposed to disfranchising the biack people of the state, and any move made in that direction will not be countenanced or tolerated." AS OPES COXFUSSION. The above open confession from one oi ueorgias leading and fore most citizens but verities tiie posi tion wnich The itepublican has taKen iroin time to tinit on tine ques tion ol me disiranclusement 01 the colored voters oi me various iSoum ern states, it is a willtui waste on tne part of any ttoutnern state to ex penu its money lor the nolding of a. constitutional convention that the constitution oi such state may be amended so as to disfranchise a cer tain class of people mat have already been so completely disfranchised mat a tenth 01 their number never pay any more attention to election uay or of those who are to "be elected to nil the various orhces of the coun ty and state than if they were not citizens of the communiiy in which mey live. The jNegro as a voter has been practically disiranchised in ev ery state in the South since the final .Republican overthrow in I8?(i. Here ana mere it is quite true that they nave, spasmodically as well as spor atieaiiy, elected some one of tneir number to some lnsigniheant othce, but this has been the exception and by no means the rule. Such a con lession coming from one of the mem bers ot congress from Georgia is a splendid document on which the iie pubiicans in the North can base the commencement of an action in the liouse of representatives to lessen the number of representatives from the South, iwery member of congress from the .North who is possessed of a pound of patriotism snould paste this interview m his hat, and when congress assembles again read it and read it again and vote for the num ber of representatives from Louisi ana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina to be cut down in propor tion to the actual number of votes those states have from time to time cast, which on an average would give about three members of congress from each of them. Those stales have no more right to have double and treble the power in congress, than the other states of this Union, and they should be given to under stand that immediately, if not sooner. LEAVING THE LAXD. It is learned that the colored folk of Georgia and the Atlantic coast states are emigrating very rapidly from that section and seeking homes in other sections of the United States, and more especially in the Mississippi delta, where cotton rais ing is more extensively carried on. It is barely possible that the delta is getting more of the colored emi grants than any of the other sec tions, but some of the Northern states are likewise getting a heavy percentage of them. As has been previously said in these columns, the city of Chicago alone has a popula tion of 100,000 Southern colored people, the most of whom have emi MRS. AMANDA SMITH grated thereto within the past ten years. The city of New York and many of the other Northern cities have received a like proportion of colored emigrants from the soutli, while the West in general has not been overlooked. In other words, while the South may still be the "black belt," so far as the Negro is concerned, nevertheless he is rapidly scattering out to other localities and communities in the United States and adapting himself to the sur roundings and environments that he finds in those communities where he has taken refuge. If there is any solution of the race question this emigration solution promises to be the most effective one. In order to prevent race riots, disfranchisement acts and other forms of mob violence the Negro must scatter out and not be collected in overwhelming num bers in any one community or state of this Union. THE EDUCATIONAL. FUND. Speaking about dividing the edu cational funds of the Southern states between the races in propor tion to the taxes that each pays, it might be of interest to the average reader, and especially the average reader of the North, to learn a few facts about the taxes directly paid into the treasury by the colored folk of the state of Florida. From the superintendent's report it is learned that the colored folk of Florida an nually contribute $23,984 for edu cational purposes, and it costs the state but $19,454 for the education of the colored children, which leaves a balance between the amount paid in and the amount drawn out by the colored folk of $4,627, and this amount goes to the education of the white children of that state. If in the state of Florida the taxes paid in for educational purposes were divid ed in proportion to the taxes each of the races paid for educational pur poses, the shoe would be on the wrong foot from what it is in many of the states of the South. How ever, the agitation of this matter is a roaring farce and the attempt of any state to put it into execution will be cutting off its own nose, education ally speaking, to spite its face. HE STOOD PAT. One county sheriff in the state of Georgia has distinguished himself by repulsing a mob bent on lynching a man convicted of murder, but who had been granted a stay of execution pending an appeal to the supreme court of the state. When an angry mob of 300 or more men had crowd ed into the county jail at Carroll ton, Ga., one day last week with the avowed purpose of seizing one Joe Merrill, a Negro, that summary jus tice might be administered to him, they were met by the sheriff and three deputies, who commanded the would-be lynchers to retreat or suf fer the consequences; but they stead ily advanced on the sheriff and his allies, and to prevent them from get ting their hands on the man the com mand to fire on the mob was given, which resulted in one man being in stantly killed and three fatally wounded. This was such an unex pected surprise to the mob that it tied panic-stricken, and before an other_could be collected the state militia was on hand and the prisoner spirited away to Atlanta for safe keeping. While the remedy admin istered to those accused of law breaking was a rtaher severe one, and one that should only be admiti istered in the most extreme cases, yet when it has to be administered it should be administered in the most telling as well as effective manner. Lynch law should go, and there seems to be no other way to start it going except by beginning to lynch the lynehers; that is to say, when mobs collect for the express purpose of defying the law, then the law SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, JUNE 14, 1901 should collect counter mobs for the express purpose of defying! the law breakers, and let the one extreme be met by another, and the assertion is here ventured that it would be but a short time before lynch law would become unpopular. , STOOD OFF A MOB. It is rather remarkable that four men could so successfully defy a mob of as many hundred men as did the sheriff ana his three deputies at Car roilton, Ga., a lew days ago. It would seem that a mot> so large as that one would have been made up of men with the determination of meeting any kind of obstruction that would be thrown in the way of its onward march, and would have been ready to have met death itself rather than turn from its purpose, but here we find four men successfully defying as many hundred men, and after one, of their number had fallen, pierced by the defenders bullet, the others took to flight, and, leaving their dead and dying behind, they fled wild with fright lest the sheriff and his three deputies capture the entire 400 of them and perhaps lynch them. The .Republican has always main tained that the men who make up lynching parties in the South are men noted for cowardice, men noted for being guilty of shooting an ene my from ambush and men noted for making no effort to defend them selves unless they be backed by a hundred or more just such cowards as themselves. When 400 men will go to a jail where one man is con fined in a cell and is as helpless in their hands as an innocent babe, and will murder such man without giv iug him any show or opportunity for his life, then such men are guilty of the most damnable form of cow ardice and are unworthy to be pro nounced American citizens. SISTER SMITH SICK. The many acquaintances as well as personal admirers of Mrs. Aman da Smith, whose portrait is herewith presented, will regret to learn of her dangerous illness at her home in Chicago. A few days ago, while she was driving to her home, returning! from a business trip to the heart of! the city, the animal drawing the j vehicle took fright and made a wild dash down the thoroughfare. She | was soon thrown from the carriage and sustained internal injuries that may prove fatal, though her physi cians still have hopes of pulling her safely through, despite her age and infirmities. "Sister Smith," as she is known throughout the length and; breadth of Christendom, is one of the most successful evangelists that i the present age has produced, and she has evangelized among all na tionalities, classes and conditions. Though born a slave, she has been received with open arms by the rich' and the poor, the grand and the humble, the white and the black, the Jew and the gentile, until her color i is no longer a distressing condition j against her in her chosen field of la-1 bor. Through her personal efforts she has raised sufficient funds to es- j tablish a home for colored orphans near Chicago, which is now doing ex ceedingly well, and has many foun dlings therein receiving the very best attention and care. It would appear that there is still more work for her to do, and it is hoped that she will be spared to accomplish it. There are 216,000 miles of rail way in operation in North America, and of this number 189,295 miles are in the United States. At present England is importing annually $1,000,000,000 worth more goods than she exports. This is un common to Great Britain, and, com mercially speaking, it forebodes no good to that country. PASSING EVENTS Of Men and Things in the Public Mind. THE WEEKLY REVIEW Grant's Opinion of Aguinaldo— Running Discussion on the Army Canteen—Herne was a Geat Actor—Agnostics Looking for Cheap Notoriety — Scanda navia Trade With Uncle Sam- Approaching an Oil Era -Third Term Hit. UKA.NT AMD AGI'IKAIrDO. Gen. I'red Grant does not think much of the ability of Aguinaldo, the noted Julipino rebel, .tie is of the opinion that Agumaldo's capture did not mean very much after all, for long prior to his capture he had lost his influence) with the natives and was practically "a king without a country." if Aguinaiuo is not made a hero of by the American peo ple when he visits the United States I lie wnl not be made a hero of by the ± liipinos when he returns to .Manila; but if the man is idolized and given to understand that he is a second George \\ a&hmgion by the citizens of this country, then mere is danger of him regaining what he had long since losi —some slight influence among the ±iiipinos. Aguinaido is a nuisance, ana is so considered by the natives, and the least amount of prominence that he is given by the citizens of this country will prove the most valuable for ail concerned, 'ihe Republican does not care to take issues with Gen. Grant, because he doubtless speaks from personal ob servation and experience, while it would be compelled to speak only from speculative observation, but it is of tne opinion that Aguinaldo is a dangerous character, and that if ■ turneu loose on the islands again, on the pretext that he has no influence with the natives, he will give Uncle Sam equally as niuciv tiouble as he has already done, if not more. Any man that could successfully rally a sufficient number of soldiers to defy the .Spanish authorities for years and to keep the armies of the United States in hot water for two long I years, and only captured by the treachery of some of his own men, id a dangerous man and one whose in carceration will prove more advan j tageous to the country than his be j ing turned loose to run at large. Aguinaldo is a man that Uncle !Sam would do well to tie to, if for no other purpose than to always be able to know just exactly where he is. ACTOR HEHNE'S DEATH. The world recently lost one of its most noted actors and playwrights in the person of James A. Herne, who a few days ago died at his home in New Yoric city after a brief ill ness. Perhaps Mr. Herne did not ac quire the stage prominence that some of the American actors did, but in his own peculiar way he was a most brilliant star on the stage. His last and perhaps most effective play was "Sag Harbor," which was ot his own composition, and in which he him self did the star act, and it has been pronounced, by the leading theater goers of the world as a most clever production. It was while he was i taking an active part in this play in Chicago, 11]., that he took seriously sick, troin which he never rallied. THAT ARMY' CANTEEN. Much discussion is going the i rounds of the press at present over i the restoration of the army canteen. | Owing to the fact that the soldiers I in many instances have been found drunk in large numbers in the neigh boring saloons near their respective posts, it is argued that such is the I direct outcome of dropping the army \ canteen. This, perhaps, may be true, but even before the canteen was dis carded in the army soldiers stationed j at the various posts were given to j visiting the neighboring saloons, get ! ting drunk, raising old N k-k and be ! ing guilty of all kinds of deviltry | contrary to the laws and the dignity of a soldier, and it is more than iike ! ly that the persons living near those 1 posts see no difference in the ac : tions of the men since the canteen has been discarded than they did be | before it was. A United States sol j dier is nothing more nor less than an average American citizen in blue uniform, and a great many of them in private life indulged in intoxicant ' liquors to an excess, and they con tinue to do so even thougli they are United States soldiers. The fact of him becoming a soldier does not make him morally any better along this line than he was as a private citi zen. The greatest evil about the army •canteen seems to have been that it educated the soldier into the | belief that wluskey had to be a pact of his daily existence, to be as com mon to him as the water in the can teen on the other side, and in many instances the whiskey canteen ] troved even more preferable than the water canteen. The dispensing of the army canteen was not done with the idea of making temperance moralists out of the soldiers, but it was done with the idea of disabusing their minds of the belief that they could not live without a jug of whis key at their sides. Kegardless of the fact that the soldiers do go to sa loons and participtae in drunken broils, it would be a step backward to restore the canteen to the soldier as a part and parcel of his daily ex istence as well as subsistence. AGNOSTICS GET MARRIED. Kecently two agnostics were united in marriage according to ag nostic ideas of the matrimonial cere mony. These two creatures were evi dently looking for an oversupply of newspaper notoriety, which prompt ed them to make themselves a mark at which the newspapers by and large could take random shots. It is regretted that the many random shots taken at them could not have liit the mark and prove fatal to both of them. In this country (and it should be the same in every coun try) every man has the right to either believe in God or. not believe in Him; to worship God or not worship Him, according to the dictates of his own conscience, but the laws of the United States have laid down certain rules by which persons desiring to unite in the bonds of matrimony are to follow, and when some crank, who conceives the idea that he is "it," tries to break away from those fixed principles, then he or she is but, as said above, looking for cheap notoriety, with no other idea than believing that such will bring his ism followers and worshipers. The Republican does not intend to take issues with the agnostic and his wholesale absurdities, but it does think that the agnostics should have sense enough to conform to the laws and regulations of this country as accepted by a great majority of the men and women living herein, and not bid for the cheap amount of pub licity, such as characterized the ef forts of that agnostic couple in Cin cinnati a few days ago. SCANDINAVIAN TRADE. In recent years the United States government has become very close ly related to the Scandinavian coun tries through heavy irade relations, as shown by Frank 11.. Hitch cock of the agricultural depart- I ment of this country, which, are ex ceedingly encouraging for the Unit ed States. The Scandinavian coun try, which is made up of Norway, Sweden and Denmark, during the past ten years has done a heavy trade with the United States. Since 1890 the trade with these countries on the part of the United States has risen from $9,000,000 to nearly $29,000, --000. This country imported from Scandinavia in 1890 $4,000,000 worth, and yet in 1900 its imports did not exceed $5,000,000, which shows a balance in favor of the Unit ed States of pretty nearly $25,000, --000 worth of trade. From this re port it is also learned that the ex ports to Denmark form the principal factor of this Scandinavian trade, $18,000,000 worth going to Den mark and $10,000,000 to Norway. These countries are dealing exten sively at present in agricultural im plements, made and manufactured in the United States. The agricultural conditions of that country are being more thoroughly developed at pres ent than they have been for many ( years past, and the implements made \ here seem to meet the needs of such improvements more completely than ' those made in any other country in the world, hence the great export _ trade from the United States to Scandinavia. I IT'S AS OIL AGE. , Some time ago The Republican • sagely announced that this was an I "oil age," while at the time the fact • hardly warranted the allegation, ■ nevertheless subsequent develop • ments have proven that the United • States is just about entering an oil r era. The discovery of gold in many - sections of the United States sud ; denly made millionaires out of poor - men. The same has been true of coal i and other minerals that have been • discovered from time to time in the • United States. Now in every state l! of the Union there is more or less i ! prospecting for oil, and, strange to 1| say, that in most every state w rhere t! prospectors are pushing their works - J to completion they are being tended .' with more or less success. Million f tires on account of having struck oil t are common now in a great many t\ states of this Union, and unless the -; writer is greatly mistaken the half Bj along this line has not as yet been ijtold. Oil will be struck in a good ci many more places than it already has %\ been struck, and there will be a good many more persons made independ ent from having struck oil than have already been made independent, and while it may be possible for syndi cates to prevent oil from being ship ped over the various railroads so as to cheapen it in the more popular districts of this country for general utility purposes, nevertheless it will be cheapened in so many places that it is here predicted that the time is near at hand when not orlv the Standard Oil trust, but likewise the coal trust, will be broken in twain; yea, not only broken in twain, but broken in atoms, on account of in numerable oil discoveries in the vari ous sections of this country. NO THIRD TERM. President McKinley sets at rest the third term talk in the following communication: "I regret that the suggestion of a third term has been made. I doubt whether I am called upon to give it notice. But there are now questions of the gravest importance before the administration of this country, and their just consideration should not be prejudiced in the public mind by even the suspicion of the thought of a third term. In view, therefore, of the reiteration of the suggestion of it, I will say now, once for all, ex pressing a long settled conviction, that I not only am not and will not be a candidate for a third term, but would not accept a nomination for i t if it were tendered me. "My only ambition is to serve through my second term to the ac ceptance of my countrymen, whose generous confidence I so deeply ap preciate, and then to resume my duty in the ranks of private citizen ship. (SIGNED) "WM. M'KINLEY. "Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C, June 10, 1901." HE HITS HARD. The following suffrage bill has been offered the Alabama constitu tional convention for its adoption: "Those who are bastards or loafers or who may be infested with any loathsome or contagious disease; those who have been convicted of treason, bribery, forgery, larceny, robbery, bigamy, seduction, incest, murder or any attempt to rape or commit arson; those who are descendants of parents of two or more different races, those who shall have married any woman having a living husband, from whom she has not been legally divorced; thsse who have committed any assault and bat tery on their wives or step-daughters and those who have ever cast an il legitimate ballot or who have not paid a poll tax of one dollar and a half six months before any election at which he may attempt to vote." SEATTLE GAS & ELECTRIC CO. On and after July Ist this Com pany will reduce the price of gas to $1.60 per thousand, and no distinc tion will be made in the use of ga3 for fuel and illuminating purposes. The rate will be $1.80 per thou sand, with a discount of 20c per thousand on all bills paid on or be fore the tenth day of the next suc ceeding month for which the bills are rendered. Bills are due on the first day of each month, and failure to receive bill will not entitle customer to re bate, unless bill is actually paid on or before the 10th inst. Bills paid by check, through the mails, must be in this office on the 10th inst. The discount of 20c per thousand is offered to consumers in considera tion of their paying their bills at the office as soon as due, thus saving the expense of sending out collec tors. Parties desiring to avoid the an noyance of looking after their bills can have a prepayment meter put in, and pay for their gas as used, at the rate of $1.60 per thousand. The minimum charge will be 25c per meter per month on plain meters and 50c per meter per month on prepaid meters. Under the above rate consumers will hereafter be saved the expense of running separate piping for fuel. Where gas is now supplied through both light and fuel meters, piping will be rearranged, without expense to consumer, to furnish the entire supply through one meter. Above rate and discount does not apply to June consumption. Recently a Salt Lake judge gave a man who had blacked hi? face and committed various depredations on little girls and women who per chnnced to be out at unseasonable hours of the evening sixty days in the county jail. Sixty years might have l>een more in keeping with the crimes he committed. . Xews items free of charge inserted in The Republican. All notices must be in Thursday mornin^. Office, 714 Third. Price Five Cents ITEMS OF INTEREST Gathered From the Most Re- liable Sources. PUNGENT POINTERS Many Facts and Figures, Statistical and Otherwise, of General Pub lie Interest, Collected for Imme diate Use for the Busy, Bustling Business Man—Things in a Nutshell as You Like Them - Realm of Religion. It requires 14,000 oysters to weigh a ton. Sailors in the American navy are said to be clothed and fed better than the sailors of any other nation's navy in the world. During the year 1900 £883,000 worth 01 rabbits were imported from i\e\v South Wales, wliiie only £260, --uou worm of frozen mutton was im ported. xicnens, Greece, at present only lias a population oX ou,<juu. in mo ueigni ox us glory in ancient nines xl so suppo&eu to nave nad oOO,uuu lxuiaDiUxus. -in me suite of Georgia 30,000 iSie gioes iiaVt; been giU.uuu.ica xxoxn COi ic^ts * ana , sexLunaxieo since me cxuaXlClpuilon Hi, a COSI 01 «pjLUU,UI/U, --oi/v/, ttjj. ox vvnicn Was eonuioiued by pniianuuopists. , -:iiuun£ me mountains of the aoumeiii. ana border buues tne xi literacy ox me wnite lniiauatanis is pronounced. xventue&y nas lo jt>ci ccuu, xennessee lo per cent., ouutu Carolina lo percent, ana xiia i/axna. 10 per cent, ox illiterate wnites. o une j.o apparently tne niontn oi all xuonms ixl tne year mat the greatest ixuinying is ai>ne. in tne city ox Ciiicago uuring me montn ox 0 uaic last, year »,uou marriage ii censes were' issued, and it is expected mat, uuxing .' me present inonih ai, leuist 'a } o\)\j will ue issued. oxuunizing me iainier» is said to be me latest move on tne part oi\he iauur unions of mis country. There i& at present a Tnrasners' rrotective .Association, wnicn prevails tnrougn out low a, j-innois and Texas and sev ciai ox me omer aoutnern states, and me laimers axe being exnorted io join tins. ■. itev. Dr. "Washington estimates tiiat at tne end of tne nrst century mere were S,UUO,UOU ncnnnal Ciirii> tians in tile world; at tne end of tne tentn century iu,uuu,ouu; at the end 01 me niteentn century mere were iuu,uuu,ooo; at the end of the eighteenth century there were 2W, --ouu,uoo; and at tne end of the nine teenth century there were 6U0,U00, --uuo. Of tins number, y&,U00,000 be longed' to the Greek church and iio,uuo,uuO to the Protestant churches, i!30,0u0,000 to the iioman catholic cnurches. in 1500 the Ko man t'athohcs were ruling 80,000, --ouu people; in; 1700, lJ0,0u0,000; in loyi, £42,000,000. The Greek (Jatnolics in 1&00 were governing in 1700, 33,000,000; In lbyl, 1^8,000,000. The ProtestanTs held sway over 3^,000,000 in lsuo, and in 1091 over 520,000,000. The following figures concerning the exact status of the population of South Africa has been given out by a British officer: In Cape Colony there are 320,000 whites to 1,200, --000 natives; in Basutoland there are 600 whites to 250,000 natives; in the Transvaal before the war there were 345,000 whites and over 748,000 na tives; in the Orange Free State there were 80,000 whites and 130, --000 natives; in Natal there were 61, --000 whites and 87,000 natives; in Ehodesia there were 10,000 whites and 500,000 natives; which, being summed up, showed that there were 800,000 whites in South Africa against 3,400,000 natives. When Washington was inaugur ated president Ehode Island ranked first in density of population, which was 63 inhabitants to the square mile. Fifty years later it had 100; in 1860 it had 161; in 1900, 407 people to the square mile, which places it first as to the density of the population of any other state in the Union. Massachusetts ranks second as to the density of popula tion, it having 349 inhabitants to the square mile; Connecticut stands third, with 187 inhabitants to the square mile. New Jersey has 250, New York 152, Pennsylvania 140, Maryland 120, Delaware 94, Ohio 102, Illinois; 86, Indiana 70, Ken tucky 53, Missouri 35, lowa 40, Kansas 18, Nebraska 14, Wisconsin 38, Maine 23, Michigan 42, Minne sota 22, Montana 2, Utah 3£,. Ne vada at present over 2| to the square mile. Washington City has 4,654 inhabitants to the square mile, while Chicago has 1,698,000 on 187 square miles of territory.