OCR Interpretation

The Seattle Republican. [volume] (Seattle, Wash.) 1???-1915, June 14, 1901, Image 1

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84025811/1901-06-14/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Vol. VIII., No. *
Under Critical Eye of Ob
serving Men.
Congressman Livingston Has a
Word to Say—His Open Confes
sion Food for Thought—Negroes
Leaving the Atlantic States-
Educational Funds in Florida-
Sheriff Stood Fat—Sister Smith
Seriously Injured — Tuskegee
Gets a Gift From Rockefeller.
Congressman Livingston of Geor
gia is me nr*f Southern white man
to strike tiie keynote on the dis
iranchisement ol the colored voters
in the (South, in a recent inter
view be is credited with having said:
'"The states of Louisiana, Mississippi,
North and South Carolina will yet
regret they have passed disf ranchise
ment acts aimed and directed at col
ored men only, Sooner or later con
gress will look into this matter and
will cut down the number of repre
sentatives from those states in pro
portion to the number of votes iriat
are actually cast by them, and then
the devil will be; to pay. .tor such
will reopen the issues of the civil
war ana thus widen the political
chasm between the North and the
South which haai existed since the
hrst agitation of the slavery ques
tion, oo far as the colored voters
are concerned in the state of Geor
gia, »we have no great amount of
trouble with them, and we manage
to carry our election just the same
af is they were disfranchised. The
white people of Georgia are most de
cidedly opposed to disfranchising
the biack people of the state, and
any move made in that direction will
not be countenanced or tolerated."
The above open confession from
one oi ueorgias leading and fore
most citizens but verities tiie posi
tion wnich The itepublican has
taKen iroin time to tinit on tine ques
tion ol me disiranclusement 01 the
colored voters oi me various iSoum
ern states, it is a willtui waste on
tne part of any ttoutnern state to ex
penu its money lor the nolding of
a. constitutional convention that the
constitution oi such state may be
amended so as to disfranchise a cer
tain class of people mat have already
been so completely disfranchised
mat a tenth 01 their number never
pay any more attention to election
uay or of those who are to "be elected
to nil the various orhces of the coun
ty and state than if they were not
citizens of the communiiy in which
mey live. The jNegro as a voter has
been practically disiranchised in ev
ery state in the South since the final
.Republican overthrow in I8?(i. Here
ana mere it is quite true that they
nave, spasmodically as well as spor
atieaiiy, elected some one of tneir
number to some lnsigniheant othce,
but this has been the exception and
by no means the rule. Such a con
lession coming from one of the mem
bers ot congress from Georgia is a
splendid document on which the iie
pubiicans in the North can base the
commencement of an action in the
liouse of representatives to lessen the
number of representatives from the
South, iwery member of congress
from the .North who is possessed of
a pound of patriotism snould paste
this interview m his hat, and when
congress assembles again read it and
read it again and vote for the num
ber of representatives from Louisi
ana, Mississippi, North and South
Carolina to be cut down in propor
tion to the actual number of votes
those states have from time to time
cast, which on an average would give
about three members of congress
from each of them. Those stales
have no more right to have double
and treble the power in congress,
than the other states of this Union,
and they should be given to under
stand that immediately, if not
It is learned that the colored folk
of Georgia and the Atlantic coast
states are emigrating very rapidly
from that section and seeking homes
in other sections of the United
States, and more especially in the
Mississippi delta, where cotton rais
ing is more extensively carried on.
It is barely possible that the delta is
getting more of the colored emi
grants than any of the other sec
tions, but some of the Northern
states are likewise getting a heavy
percentage of them. As has been
previously said in these columns, the
city of Chicago alone has a popula
tion of 100,000 Southern colored
people, the most of whom have emi
grated thereto within the past ten
years. The city of New York and
many of the other Northern cities
have received a like proportion of
colored emigrants from the soutli,
while the West in general has not
been overlooked. In other words,
while the South may still be the
"black belt," so far as the Negro is
concerned, nevertheless he is rapidly
scattering out to other localities and
communities in the United States
and adapting himself to the sur
roundings and environments that he
finds in those communities where he
has taken refuge. If there is any
solution of the race question this
emigration solution promises to be
the most effective one. In order to
prevent race riots, disfranchisement
acts and other forms of mob violence
the Negro must scatter out and not
be collected in overwhelming num
bers in any one community or state
of this Union.
Speaking about dividing the edu
cational funds of the Southern
states between the races in propor
tion to the taxes that each pays, it
might be of interest to the average
reader, and especially the average
reader of the North, to learn a few
facts about the taxes directly paid
into the treasury by the colored folk
of the state of Florida. From the
superintendent's report it is learned
that the colored folk of Florida an
nually contribute $23,984 for edu
cational purposes, and it costs the
state but $19,454 for the education
of the colored children, which leaves
a balance between the amount paid
in and the amount drawn out by the
colored folk of $4,627, and this
amount goes to the education of the
white children of that state. If in
the state of Florida the taxes paid in
for educational purposes were divid
ed in proportion to the taxes each of
the races paid for educational pur
poses, the shoe would be on the
wrong foot from what it is in many
of the states of the South. How
ever, the agitation of this matter is a
roaring farce and the attempt of any
state to put it into execution will be
cutting off its own nose, education
ally speaking, to spite its face.
One county sheriff in the state of
Georgia has distinguished himself
by repulsing a mob bent on lynching
a man convicted of murder, but who
had been granted a stay of execution
pending an appeal to the supreme
court of the state. When an angry
mob of 300 or more men had crowd
ed into the county jail at Carroll
ton, Ga., one day last week with the
avowed purpose of seizing one Joe
Merrill, a Negro, that summary jus
tice might be administered to him,
they were met by the sheriff and
three deputies, who commanded the
would-be lynchers to retreat or suf
fer the consequences; but they stead
ily advanced on the sheriff and his
allies, and to prevent them from get
ting their hands on the man the com
mand to fire on the mob was given,
which resulted in one man being in
stantly killed and three fatally
wounded. This was such an unex
pected surprise to the mob that it
tied panic-stricken, and before an
other_could be collected the state
militia was on hand and the prisoner
spirited away to Atlanta for safe
keeping. While the remedy admin
istered to those accused of law
breaking was a rtaher severe one,
and one that should only be admiti
istered in the most extreme cases, yet
when it has to be administered it
should be administered in the most
telling as well as effective manner.
Lynch law should go, and there
seems to be no other way to start it
going except by beginning to lynch
the lynehers; that is to say, when
mobs collect for the express purpose
of defying the law, then the law
should collect counter mobs for the
express purpose of defying! the law
breakers, and let the one extreme be
met by another, and the assertion is
here ventured that it would be but
a short time before lynch law would
become unpopular. ,
It is rather remarkable that four
men could so successfully defy a mob
of as many hundred men as did the
sheriff ana his three deputies at Car
roilton, Ga., a lew days ago. It
would seem that a mot> so large as
that one would have been made up
of men with the determination of
meeting any kind of obstruction that
would be thrown in the way of its
onward march, and would have been
ready to have met death itself rather
than turn from its purpose, but here
we find four men successfully defying
as many hundred men, and after one,
of their number had fallen, pierced
by the defenders bullet, the others
took to flight, and, leaving their dead
and dying behind, they fled wild
with fright lest the sheriff and his
three deputies capture the entire 400
of them and perhaps lynch them.
The .Republican has always main
tained that the men who make up
lynching parties in the South are
men noted for cowardice, men noted
for being guilty of shooting an ene
my from ambush and men noted for
making no effort to defend them
selves unless they be backed by a
hundred or more just such cowards
as themselves. When 400 men will
go to a jail where one man is con
fined in a cell and is as helpless in
their hands as an innocent babe, and
will murder such man without giv
iug him any show or opportunity
for his life, then such men are guilty
of the most damnable form of cow
ardice and are unworthy to be pro
nounced American citizens.
The many acquaintances as well
as personal admirers of Mrs. Aman
da Smith, whose portrait is herewith
presented, will regret to learn of her
dangerous illness at her home in
Chicago. A few days ago, while she
was driving to her home, returning!
from a business trip to the heart of!
the city, the animal drawing the j
vehicle took fright and made a wild
dash down the thoroughfare. She |
was soon thrown from the carriage
and sustained internal injuries that
may prove fatal, though her physi
cians still have hopes of pulling her
safely through, despite her age and
infirmities. "Sister Smith," as she
is known throughout the length and;
breadth of Christendom, is one of
the most successful evangelists that i
the present age has produced, and
she has evangelized among all na
tionalities, classes and conditions.
Though born a slave, she has been
received with open arms by the rich'
and the poor, the grand and the
humble, the white and the black, the
Jew and the gentile, until her color i
is no longer a distressing condition j
against her in her chosen field of la-1
bor. Through her personal efforts
she has raised sufficient funds to es- j
tablish a home for colored orphans
near Chicago, which is now doing ex
ceedingly well, and has many foun
dlings therein receiving the very
best attention and care. It would
appear that there is still more work
for her to do, and it is hoped that
she will be spared to accomplish it.
There are 216,000 miles of rail
way in operation in North America,
and of this number 189,295 miles
are in the United States.
At present England is importing
annually $1,000,000,000 worth more
goods than she exports. This is un
common to Great Britain, and, com
mercially speaking, it forebodes no
good to that country.
Of Men and Things in the
Public Mind.
Grant's Opinion of Aguinaldo—
Running Discussion on the
Army Canteen—Herne was a
Geat Actor—Agnostics Looking
for Cheap Notoriety — Scanda
navia Trade With Uncle Sam-
Approaching an Oil Era -Third
Term Hit.
Gen. I'red Grant does not think
much of the ability of Aguinaldo,
the noted Julipino rebel, .tie is of
the opinion that Agumaldo's capture
did not mean very much after all,
for long prior to his capture he had
lost his influence) with the natives
and was practically "a king without
a country." if Aguinaiuo is not
made a hero of by the American peo
ple when he visits the United States
I lie wnl not be made a hero of by the
± liipinos when he returns to .Manila;
but if the man is idolized and given
to understand that he is a second
George \\ a&hmgion by the citizens
of this country, then mere is danger
of him regaining what he had long
since losi —some slight influence
among the ±iiipinos. Aguinaido is
a nuisance, ana is so considered by
the natives, and the least amount of
prominence that he is given by the
citizens of this country will prove
the most valuable for ail concerned,
'ihe Republican does not care to take
issues with Gen. Grant, because he
doubtless speaks from personal ob
servation and experience, while it
would be compelled to speak only
from speculative observation, but it
is of tne opinion that Aguinaldo is
a dangerous character, and that if
■ turneu loose on the islands again, on
the pretext that he has no influence
with the natives, he will give Uncle
Sam equally as niuciv tiouble as he
has already done, if not more. Any
man that could successfully rally a
sufficient number of soldiers to defy
the .Spanish authorities for years and
to keep the armies of the United
States in hot water for two long
I years, and only captured by the
treachery of some of his own men, id
a dangerous man and one whose in
carceration will prove more advan
j tageous to the country than his be
j ing turned loose to run at large.
Aguinaldo is a man that Uncle !Sam
would do well to tie to, if for no
other purpose than to always be able
to know just exactly where he is.
The world recently lost one of its
most noted actors and playwrights
in the person of James A. Herne,
who a few days ago died at his home
in New Yoric city after a brief ill
ness. Perhaps Mr. Herne did not ac
quire the stage prominence that some
of the American actors did, but in
his own peculiar way he was a most
brilliant star on the stage. His last
and perhaps most effective play was
"Sag Harbor," which was ot his own
composition, and in which he him
self did the star act, and it has been
pronounced, by the leading theater
goers of the world as a most clever
production. It was while he was
i taking an active part in this play in
Chicago, 11]., that he took seriously
sick, troin which he never rallied.
Much discussion is going the
i rounds of the press at present over
i the restoration of the army canteen.
| Owing to the fact that the soldiers
I in many instances have been found
drunk in large numbers in the neigh
boring saloons near their respective
posts, it is argued that such is the
I direct outcome of dropping the army
\ canteen. This, perhaps, may be true,
but even before the canteen was dis
carded in the army soldiers stationed
j at the various posts were given to
j visiting the neighboring saloons, get
! ting drunk, raising old N k-k and be
! ing guilty of all kinds of deviltry
| contrary to the laws and the dignity
of a soldier, and it is more than iike
! ly that the persons living near those
1 posts see no difference in the ac
: tions of the men since the canteen
has been discarded than they did be
| before it was. A United States sol
j dier is nothing more nor less than an
average American citizen in blue
uniform, and a great many of them
in private life indulged in intoxicant
' liquors to an excess, and they con
tinue to do so even thougli they are
United States soldiers. The fact of
him becoming a soldier does not
make him morally any better along
this line than he was as a private citi
zen. The greatest evil about the
army •canteen seems to have been
that it educated the soldier into the
| belief that wluskey had to be a pact
of his daily existence, to be as com
mon to him as the water in the can
teen on the other side, and in many
instances the whiskey canteen
] troved even more preferable than
the water canteen. The dispensing
of the army canteen was not done
with the idea of making temperance
moralists out of the soldiers, but it
was done with the idea of disabusing
their minds of the belief that they
could not live without a jug of whis
key at their sides. Kegardless of the
fact that the soldiers do go to sa
loons and participtae in drunken
broils, it would be a step backward
to restore the canteen to the soldier
as a part and parcel of his daily ex
istence as well as subsistence.
Kecently two agnostics were
united in marriage according to ag
nostic ideas of the matrimonial cere
mony. These two creatures were evi
dently looking for an oversupply of
newspaper notoriety, which prompt
ed them to make themselves a mark
at which the newspapers by and
large could take random shots. It
is regretted that the many random
shots taken at them could not have
liit the mark and prove fatal to both
of them. In this country (and it
should be the same in every coun
try) every man has the right to either
believe in God or. not believe in Him;
to worship God or not worship Him,
according to the dictates of his own
conscience, but the laws of the
United States have laid down certain
rules by which persons desiring to
unite in the bonds of matrimony are
to follow, and when some crank, who
conceives the idea that he is "it,"
tries to break away from those
fixed principles, then he or she is
but, as said above, looking for cheap
notoriety, with no other idea than
believing that such will bring his
ism followers and worshipers. The
Republican does not intend to take
issues with the agnostic and his
wholesale absurdities, but it does
think that the agnostics should have
sense enough to conform to the laws
and regulations of this country as
accepted by a great majority of the
men and women living herein, and
not bid for the cheap amount of pub
licity, such as characterized the ef
forts of that agnostic couple in Cin
cinnati a few days ago.
In recent years the United States
government has become very close
ly related to the Scandinavian coun
tries through heavy irade relations,
as shown by Frank 11.. Hitch
cock of the agricultural depart-
I ment of this country, which, are ex
ceedingly encouraging for the Unit
ed States. The Scandinavian coun
try, which is made up of Norway,
Sweden and Denmark, during the
past ten years has done a heavy trade
with the United States. Since 1890
the trade with these countries on the
part of the United States has risen
from $9,000,000 to nearly $29,000,
--000. This country imported from
Scandinavia in 1890 $4,000,000
worth, and yet in 1900 its imports
did not exceed $5,000,000, which
shows a balance in favor of the Unit
ed States of pretty nearly $25,000,
--000 worth of trade. From this re
port it is also learned that the ex
ports to Denmark form the principal
factor of this Scandinavian trade,
$18,000,000 worth going to Den
mark and $10,000,000 to Norway.
These countries are dealing exten
sively at present in agricultural im
plements, made and manufactured in
the United States. The agricultural
conditions of that country are being
more thoroughly developed at pres
ent than they have been for many
( years past, and the implements made
\ here seem to meet the needs of such
improvements more completely than
' those made in any other country in
the world, hence the great export
_ trade from the United States to
, Some time ago The Republican
• sagely announced that this was an
I "oil age," while at the time the fact
• hardly warranted the allegation,
■ nevertheless subsequent develop
• ments have proven that the United
• States is just about entering an oil
r era. The discovery of gold in many
- sections of the United States sud
; denly made millionaires out of poor
- men. The same has been true of coal
i and other minerals that have been
• discovered from time to time in the
• United States. Now in every state
l! of the Union there is more or less
i ! prospecting for oil, and, strange to
1| say, that in most every state w rhere
t! prospectors are pushing their works
- J to completion they are being tended
.' with more or less success. Million
f tires on account of having struck oil
t are common now in a great many
t\ states of this Union, and unless the
-; writer is greatly mistaken the half
Bj along this line has not as yet been
ijtold. Oil will be struck in a good
ci many more places than it already has
%\ been struck, and there will be a good
many more persons made independ
ent from having struck oil than have
already been made independent, and
while it may be possible for syndi
cates to prevent oil from being ship
ped over the various railroads so as
to cheapen it in the more popular
districts of this country for general
utility purposes, nevertheless it will
be cheapened in so many places that
it is here predicted that the time is
near at hand when not orlv the
Standard Oil trust, but likewise the
coal trust, will be broken in twain;
yea, not only broken in twain, but
broken in atoms, on account of in
numerable oil discoveries in the vari
ous sections of this country.
President McKinley sets at rest
the third term talk in the following
"I regret that the suggestion of a
third term has been made. I doubt
whether I am called upon to give it
notice. But there are now questions
of the gravest importance before the
administration of this country, and
their just consideration should not
be prejudiced in the public mind by
even the suspicion of the thought of
a third term. In view, therefore, of
the reiteration of the suggestion of
it, I will say now, once for all, ex
pressing a long settled conviction,
that I not only am not and will not
be a candidate for a third term, but
would not accept a nomination for i t
if it were tendered me.
"My only ambition is to serve
through my second term to the ac
ceptance of my countrymen, whose
generous confidence I so deeply ap
preciate, and then to resume my
duty in the ranks of private citizen
"Executive Mansion, Washington,
D. C, June 10, 1901."
The following suffrage bill has
been offered the Alabama constitu
tional convention for its adoption:
"Those who are bastards or loafers
or who may be infested with any
loathsome or contagious disease;
those who have been convicted of
treason, bribery, forgery, larceny,
robbery, bigamy, seduction, incest,
murder or any attempt to rape or
commit arson; those who are
descendants of parents of two or
more different races, those who shall
have married any woman having a
living husband, from whom she has
not been legally divorced; thsse who
have committed any assault and bat
tery on their wives or step-daughters
and those who have ever cast an il
legitimate ballot or who have not
paid a poll tax of one dollar and a
half six months before any election
at which he may attempt to vote."
On and after July Ist this Com
pany will reduce the price of gas to
$1.60 per thousand, and no distinc
tion will be made in the use of ga3
for fuel and illuminating purposes.
The rate will be $1.80 per thou
sand, with a discount of 20c per
thousand on all bills paid on or be
fore the tenth day of the next suc
ceeding month for which the bills
are rendered.
Bills are due on the first day of
each month, and failure to receive
bill will not entitle customer to re
bate, unless bill is actually paid on
or before the 10th inst. Bills paid
by check, through the mails, must
be in this office on the 10th inst.
The discount of 20c per thousand
is offered to consumers in considera
tion of their paying their bills at
the office as soon as due, thus saving
the expense of sending out collec
Parties desiring to avoid the an
noyance of looking after their bills
can have a prepayment meter put
in, and pay for their gas as used, at
the rate of $1.60 per thousand.
The minimum charge will be 25c
per meter per month on plain meters
and 50c per meter per month on
prepaid meters.
Under the above rate consumers
will hereafter be saved the expense
of running separate piping for fuel.
Where gas is now supplied
through both light and fuel meters,
piping will be rearranged, without
expense to consumer, to furnish the
entire supply through one meter.
Above rate and discount does not
apply to June consumption.
Recently a Salt Lake judge gave
a man who had blacked hi? face and
committed various depredations on
little girls and women who per
chnnced to be out at unseasonable
hours of the evening sixty days in
the county jail. Sixty years might
have l>een more in keeping with the
crimes he committed. .
Xews items free of charge inserted
in The Republican. All notices
must be in Thursday mornin^.
Office, 714 Third.
Price Five Cents
Gathered From the Most Re-
liable Sources.
Many Facts and Figures, Statistical
and Otherwise, of General Pub
lie Interest, Collected for Imme
diate Use for the Busy, Bustling
Business Man—Things in a
Nutshell as You Like Them -
Realm of Religion.
It requires 14,000 oysters to weigh
a ton.
Sailors in the American navy are
said to be clothed and fed better
than the sailors of any other nation's
navy in the world.
During the year 1900 £883,000
worth 01 rabbits were imported from
i\e\v South Wales, wliiie only £260,
--uou worm of frozen mutton was im
xicnens, Greece, at present only
lias a population oX ou,<juu. in mo
ueigni ox us glory in ancient nines
xl so suppo&eu to nave nad oOO,uuu
-in me suite of Georgia 30,000 iSie
gioes iiaVt; been giU.uuu.ica xxoxn COi
ic^ts * ana , sexLunaxieo since me
cxuaXlClpuilon Hi, a COSI 01 «pjLUU,UI/U,
--oi/v/, ttjj. ox vvnicn Was eonuioiued by
, -:iiuun£ me mountains of the
aoumeiii. ana border buues tne xi
literacy ox me wnite lniiauatanis is
pronounced. xventue&y nas lo
jt>ci ccuu, xennessee lo per cent.,
ouutu Carolina lo percent, ana xiia
i/axna. 10 per cent, ox illiterate wnites.
o une j.o apparently tne niontn oi
all xuonms ixl tne year mat the
greatest ixuinying is ai>ne. in tne
city ox Ciiicago uuring me montn ox
0 uaic last, year »,uou marriage ii
censes were' issued, and it is expected
mat, uuxing .' me present inonih ai,
leuist 'a } o\)\j will ue issued.
oxuunizing me iainier» is said to
be me latest move on tne part oi\he
iauur unions of mis country. There
i& at present a Tnrasners' rrotective
.Association, wnicn prevails tnrougn
out low a, j-innois and Texas and sev
ciai ox me omer aoutnern states, and
me laimers axe being exnorted io
join tins. ■.
itev. Dr. "Washington estimates
tiiat at tne end of tne nrst century
mere were S,UUO,UOU ncnnnal Ciirii>
tians in tile world; at tne end of tne
tentn century iu,uuu,ouu; at the end
01 me niteentn century mere were
iuu,uuu,ooo; at the end of the
eighteenth century there were 2W,
--ouu,uoo; and at tne end of the nine
teenth century there were 6U0,U00,
--uuo. Of tins number, y&,U00,000 be
longed' to the Greek church and
iio,uuo,uuO to the Protestant
churches, i!30,0u0,000 to the iioman
catholic cnurches. in 1500 the Ko
man t'athohcs were ruling 80,000,
--ouu people; in; 1700, lJ0,0u0,000; in
loyi, £42,000,000. The Greek
(Jatnolics in 1&00 were governing
in 1700, 33,000,000; In
lbyl, 1^8,000,000. The ProtestanTs
held sway over 3^,000,000 in lsuo,
and in 1091 over 520,000,000.
The following figures concerning
the exact status of the population of
South Africa has been given out by
a British officer: In Cape Colony
there are 320,000 whites to 1,200,
--000 natives; in Basutoland there are
600 whites to 250,000 natives; in the
Transvaal before the war there were
345,000 whites and over 748,000 na
tives; in the Orange Free State
there were 80,000 whites and 130,
--000 natives; in Natal there were 61,
--000 whites and 87,000 natives; in
Ehodesia there were 10,000 whites
and 500,000 natives; which, being
summed up, showed that there were
800,000 whites in South Africa
against 3,400,000 natives.
When Washington was inaugur
ated president Ehode Island ranked
first in density of population, which
was 63 inhabitants to the square
mile. Fifty years later it had 100;
in 1860 it had 161; in 1900, 407
people to the square mile, which
places it first as to the density of
the population of any other state in
the Union. Massachusetts ranks
second as to the density of popula
tion, it having 349 inhabitants to the
square mile; Connecticut stands
third, with 187 inhabitants to the
square mile. New Jersey has 250,
New York 152, Pennsylvania 140,
Maryland 120, Delaware 94, Ohio
102, Illinois; 86, Indiana 70, Ken
tucky 53, Missouri 35, lowa 40,
Kansas 18, Nebraska 14, Wisconsin
38, Maine 23, Michigan 42, Minne
sota 22, Montana 2, Utah 3£,. Ne
vada at present over 2| to the square
mile. Washington City has 4,654
inhabitants to the square mile, while
Chicago has 1,698,000 on 187 square
miles of territory.

xml | txt