Newspaper Page Text
Vol. VIII., No. 4
BROTHER IN BLACK Under Critical Eye of Ob- serving Men. BORROWED THOUGHTS A. M E. Church Raises Millions for It's Own Extension—Danish West Indianman Not Favorably Impressed with Uncle Sam— Howard University—Black Men in Kansas—More Home Hospi tality Might Save Young Men from Ruin. RAISING CHURCH MOSEY. It is very doubtful whether any church organization whose member ship is in no better financial condi tions than are those of the A. M. E. church of this country has ever raised more toward church ex tensions than has it. At a re cent meeting ot the financial board of Hie African Meth odist Episcopal church of this coun try it was given out by the financial secretary tnat within the past twen ty-one years the enormous sum of $1,060,000 had been raised through the eiiorts of the members alone, and the same had been expended in the ere ction of church buildings in this and other countries. .None of this amount has gone for any other pur pose, save and except for the build ing of churches as said above. It is most remarkable that such a sum could be raised in so short a time and especially from a class of people who, lor the most part, are badiy over-burdened with poverty^misery • and want. Such a vast sum for such a purpose must prove to those antag onistic to the race who has so cheerfully raised, it that the members thereof have succeeded ex ceedingly well in establishing the fact tnat the church and race will yet become self-sustaining from, a religious standpoint. DANISH ISLAKD PURCHASE. There is at present a joint high commission in session at Copenha gen, composed of representatives irom both the United States and the Swedish governments, with the view of arranging for the latter to trans fer all of its rights and possessions to the Danish West India islands to the former. These are very fertile and well developed insular posses sions, and, owing to their proximity; to the United States, the authorities of this country have long desired to become the true possessors thereof. It is learned from a corresponrent from one of the islands that the citi zenship is made up almost wholly of the descendants of native Africans, and the face of a white man, re gardless of his nationality, is the ex ception instead of the rule on the isl ands, either in the city or the coun try. These people, however, are highly educated, having sent their children to the various European countries, where they were educated, and afterward returned to the island as a part of its citizenship. Owing to the fertility of the soil and the high state of progress that they have made there is a vast amount of wealth among the citizens, and they naturally hesitate over any proposal of becoming American citizens. All things considered, from a commer cial standpoint, the merchants of the islands are quite willing to become a part and parcel of the United States, if they be assured of fair treatment, but they realize in doing this they will be accepting the guardianship of a country in which race prejudice is the chief cornerstone, and not being accustomed to such conditions, ow ing to their relations commercially and otherwise with the various Eu ropean countries, they do not exact ly see what the outcome of such a change will be, and judging from the present outcome of the race troubles in the United States, it is far from being very inviting to them. So soon as the United States becomes in possession of the Danish West India islands then there will at once bob up another difficult race problem for this country to solve, and it would appear to the average citizen that there are already a sufficient number of such problems before the statesmen of this country for solu tion without buying any more. ; The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN GEX. HOWARD'S WORK. United States Commissioner of Education Harris has given out the statement that Howard University takes the lead in higher education for colored youths over all others in this country. While this school makes no great pretensions of indus trial trainings, as does the Tuskegee and Hampton, yet it has made itself just as famous as either of those in stitutions along industrial line?, and far more so along other lines. How ard University makes a specialty of legal and medical professions, and also in preparing young men for the ministry, and it sends out, generally speaking, the ablest students that are to be found in this or any other country among colored people. Tn fact, no school, from a legal stand point, ranks as an equal with it, and the same might be said of it as to the medical department. This institu tion of learning for colored folk was first established by Gen. 0.0. How ard, and through his influence con gress has from time to time annually allowed the institution $30,000 and also appropriated parts of other funds set aside for educational purposes for its use and maintenance. It is largely attended by students from all parts of the country, and from even foreign countries, and at present it has an enrollment of 915 students. The tuition is free and the students can get board and lodg ing on the grounds, which is made up of a twenty-acre tract in the northern part of the city, at $9 per month. A great many students, however, board in the city proper and) do odd jobs about the national capitol and other places of business to pay their board while attending school. ULACK MAN FAVORED. Strange as it may seem, the Jessie Morrison; murder case, accounts of which occupied a large amount of space in the daily papers, when it was on trial some months ago, and the jury disagreed, which necessitat ed a second trial, and which trial is now in progress, the first juryman that was accepted by both the state and the defendant was a Negro la borer. The Associated Press dis patches report him to be a man of average intelligence, and seemingly possessing plenty of ordinary horse sense. It is rather remarkable that this man, coming as he does from the most despised race of the land, should be placed upon a jury which will hold the destinies of one of Kansas' most beautiful and talented young women in the hollow of his hands. This is a co-incident in the state of Kansas which is deserving of much more than a passing consid eration. The reader will remember that iti is not quite a year yet since a colored man was burned at the stake in Kansas merely on suspicion of having wrongfully injured a White girl, and now a member of the same race is sitting in judgment on a white girl, who is being tried for her life, and he is considered by both her and her attorneys to be eminent ly suited and worthy in every respect to pass on her fate. This is the most right-about face of affairs that has occurred in a good many years, even in Kansas, where things are done without much consulation or consid eration. NEGRO TREATED WELL. The above incident reminds the writer that Kansas for the most part is one of the best states in the Union, if notVhe very best, so far as the so cial relationship between the white and the black folk is concerned. Xo state in the Union from time to time, since it has been admitted into the Union, has accorded the colored people in general such fair and im partial treatment in every respect as has "bleeding Kansas." Her citi zens may be feverish and fitful and reverse themselves with the changes of the moon, but regardless of their Frequent change of heart in matters of state and local importance, they are always the same in their treat ment of the colored folk. Isolated cases where colored persons are bad ly treated by enraged whites are sometimes reported from the state of Kansas, but on the whole from the Mississippi river to the Colorado boundary, the citizenship of Kansas gives the black man to understand so long as he will be a man and attend to his own business, as do the white citizens, ho will be accorded the same treatment and given the same show to make a living as the self same [Continued on Page Four] SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, JUNE 21, 1901 PASSING JVENTS Of Men and Things in the Public Mind. THE WEEKLY REVIEW % Prince-Kennedy Murder Case — South Has a Fictitious Progress —Jay Gould's Influence Still Much in Evidence—George and Helen Gould Following in the Footsteps of their Father— Other Points of General Interest. PROTECTED HER HONOR. Kansas City, Mo., has been stirred from center to circumference for the past twenty days over the trial of Mrs. Lulu Price-Kennedy for the murder of her husband some months ago, which trial resulted in a verdict of guilty of manslaughter and a ten year sentence in the state penitenti ary being imposed upon her. This was a most remarkable affair and one m which not only Kansas City, l)iii every locality in the United States should feel personally inter ested in its outcome, which prompts this comment. Mrs. Kennedy in her maiden days was a most beautiful and attractive young lady, highly ed ucated, cultured and refined. Her striking fea litres and winning ways caught the eye of Masher Kennedy, and he at once set about to con tinue her rum. Having succeeded m ruining this most estimable young lady, he was forced at the mouth of a shotgun to marry her, but he abso lutely refused to live with her as her husband and the father of her child, and entreat as she might he turned a deaf ear to her. Crazed from this brutal treatment she went to his of fice burning under her shame and' disgrace, demanded of him whether he intended to protect her and her child and receiving a cold and indif ferent answer in the negative, she whipped out a revolver and shot him instantly dead and then kicked his dead body in the face. While the laws of this land say that murder shall not be committed, yet, if a wo man was ever justified in shooting the heart out of a human fiend, this woman was of all women the one. The man who will cold-bloodedly, deliberately, beguile a young and in experienced girl in such a manner as to bring about her ruin, make her a despised outcast in the eyes of soci ety and implant on her fair form and face a life-long stigma of disgrace is the man that should be murdered like a dog, and that, too, regardless of his mushroom standing in the community in which he lives, fin ancially, socially and otherwise. It is a case fit just retribution, and it is to be regretted that there are twelve men in the United States that would render a verdict of condemnation against any woman for so protecting her girlish chas tity. SOUTHERN PROGRESS. Much is being said throughout the United States through the columns of the press about the progress that the South is making at present. Some of this may be true, but on the whole it is but a fabric of a vi sion. It must be and is admitted that there are sections of the South to day that are forging ahead from an industrial standpoint about as rapid ly as some of the sections of the North and the West, but on the whole, the South is still a wretched waste of land and wealth, and it will require a half a centenry of the most energetic labor to bring it back to at least a normal condition. Ninety per cent, of the homes and the farm lands of the South are mere abodes, and show no more signs of being human habitations than the hut in which you camped in the mountains last season in your summer outing. Even in those sections where much material progress is being made the homes among the poorer classes, both white and black, are more hov els than homes, and such as no ten ant in the Xorth would think of liv ing in even during the dog days or August. Xo care or consideration is given to the homes of those who cul tivate the soil and who are the bone and sinew of the working world of the South, and no more care is given to providing the working people witli wholesome food than is given to the providing of them with comfortable homes. While the South may have more industries in operation now than it had at the close of the war or a cou ple of decades thereafter, yet the general condition of the country i 3 no better now than it was prior to the war. It is a country totally de void of progress, save and except here and there where some man has either imbibed the spirit of the Northerner or is himself a Northern man by birth, sojourning there for commercial reasons only. JAY GOULD LIVES ON. The memory of Jay Gould, the financial wizard of Wall street and the railroad king, still lives, and his will is being carried out the same today as it was when the man him self actually lived and was engaged in cornering the stock mar kets of Wall street. When Jay Gould died his finan cial mantle fell upon his son George J. Gould, who the father was wont to say, "is my son George, a child after my own heart." While George Jay Gould may not have all the dash of his father, he quietly goes about things, and in the end succeeds, just as well aa did his father. He is the center of both the railroad and financial worlds of this country. The hand of George Gould is to be found here and there and wherever any great finan cial deals are being made, and with the active aid and support of his sister, Miss Helen Gould, it begins to look as though the Gould family of these latter years will even attain a higher de gree of success than did the famous Jay Gould, whose deals and dealings paralized the entire civilized world. Should the Goulds succeed in build ing the trancontinental roads from the Atlantic to the Pacific, as they now have in mind, it will place the Gould family in the first rank of the entire United States citizenship and emblazon their names on the walls of time, from which it will re quire centuries to efface. GOLD IN ALEUTIAN ISLANDS. Mining experts are quite satisfied at present that gold in paying quan tities is to be found on the Aleutian islands, which extend out from Alas ka into the Pacific ocean toward Rus sian territory. If gold in anything like paying quantities is ever found in those islands it will bring about one of the greatest stampedes that the United Btates has ever seen. The stampede to Alaska will not compare in a single instance with such a stam pede as would be to those islands under such an excitement. Accord ing to a geographical report there are one hundred islands in that group, and they have a territory of 15,000 square miles and extend out into the Pacific ocean some 3,000 miles west of Oregon, and they ex tend down from the north to about the same latitude as Washington and Oregon. Unlike the Alaska gold fields, these islands can be made profitable not only for mining, but for the raising of grains and vege tables. In other words, they will soon become self-sustaining, irre spective of the number of persons who might nock there. They are not so cold as are the mining regions of Alaska, and lie directly between this country and Japan and China, and would be a splendid half-way resting place for ocean vessels ply ing between the Pacific coast points and the Orient. It is to be hoped that this mining report is not with out foundation and that gold in pay ing quantities will be found through out the length and breadth of this great group of islands. When these islands belonged to Russia, they had quite a citizenship and quite an amount of farming was carried on, in which grain, vegetables and pota toes were raised at a profit. LOUISIANA TROUBLE. The wholesale lynching of Ne groes in the state of Louisiana on account of the murdering of one of the prominent white men by the Ne groes has been averted by the timely interference of the governor of the state. While the excitement lasted it was at white heat and the country was prepared to hear of most any form of barbarous brutality being perpetrated on the Negroes there, whether guilty or innocent. The Japanese government is com pleting a university exclusively for women near Tokio, which was built by funds contributed by rich Japan ese philanthropists. HONOLULU PROSPECTS From a Commercial Business Standpoint. T. F. DAVIDSON TALKS Former Seattle Man Tells Interest ing Story About the Country— Beiieves It Destined To Become a Great Business Cemer No Danger of Racial Troubles on the Island—Natives Will Split Up in Politics. The familiar face of T. F. David son, who was at one time a leading merchant and business man of this city, but who has been absent from the city for the past* two years, has been seen about the streets and ho tels for the past week. Mr. Davidson will be remembered as having acted as receiver for the Z. (J. Miles Co. some years ago, and as also being one of the head men of the Going-North up Co., hardware dealers of this city: •'1 am now a resident of Honolu lu," said he, when interrogated by a representative of this paper as to his present abode, "and 1 am connected with one of the largest business con cerns in Honolulu, and am delighted with my prospects and with the country in general. 1 am in the states at present to attend to some business in connection with my house, and while here I could not re sist the temptation of running by and paying Seattle a brief visit. As most everybody else who goes away from the city and stays any length oi time, I am astonished beyond meas ure at the rapid growth that Seattle is making. Vv hile the city in which i now live may never be a Seattde in thrift and energy, yet it is destined to be a great commercial port, and one from which the United States will draw an immense revenue at no very distant day. "To be sure, persons leaving the states and going to those islands suf fer intensely from the heat at first, but such conditions do not last long, or no longer than a person becomes acclimated, when he can stand the heat just as well as the natives. Per sons leaving the islands and going to the states suffer from cold just as in tensely as those leaving the states and going to the islands suffer from heat. After one has become accli mated on. the islands and his blood thoroughly thinned and he dons clothes suitable to the climate, he seems to ejoy just as good health, if not better than he did in the states. All in all it is a most pleasant and delightful climate, and both my fam ily and myself have learned to love it beyond measure. We have been there now for two years, and from what I know at present we are there for all time to come. "Yes, there is quite a contention and strife between the white men and the natives on the islands, and while it may appear to those far re mote from the scene that there is eminent danger of a fatal clash be tween the two, yet I do not think that such will ever come. The na tives, of course, are largely in the majority, and they will as long as they hold together out-vote the whites and elect whoever they decide upon, but this is not probable, be cause, as they get better educated and more enlightened they natural ly divide up among themselves, the same as any other people, and I am inclined to think that within the next five years that they will be di vided between the Republican and Democratic parties, just the same as the whites themselves. "I cannot say that the natives are a progressive people and capable of any great amount of mental expan sion, bat they are learning many things by coming in contact with the-whites. and the half-breed among thorn are taking the load in most everything in which the natives are interested. For example, though Representative Wilcox is a native, and was elected to congress because he was a native, nevertheless he is not very much more native than the candidate the Republicans had nom inated for the same position. Mr. Parker, who, by the way, is one of the biggest-hearted fellows whom I ever met, is the son of a white man and a native Hawaiian, and had not ; the natives worked a most peculiar ruse a day or so before the election, there is no doubt but that Mr. Parker would have been elected instead of Mr. Wilcox. I feel safe in saying that there is no danger in the world of any revolution or any fatal clash between the natives and the white men who are on the island now, or at any time to come. "Perhaps na islands in the world are more fertile than the Hawaiian group, and they are bound to become great trading ports for the United States. As is well known! in this country, sugar is the staple product, and, permit me to say, that it is also the most valuable product. Those interested in the cultivation of the sugar plant are realizing almost an nually immense fortunes on their in vestments. At present they are hav ing considerable trouble in getting their crops harvested and eared for, which prompted a number of the planters to import a large force of Southern Negroes and Porto Eicians to take the place of the Japanese and native laborers who had deserted the plantations owing to a misunder standing between the planters and themselves. Under the old law con tract labor was used by the planters, but when the United States laws went into effect contract labor was no longer legal, and owing to the bad treatment that some of the laborerse had received under the contract sys tem th c most of them deserted the farms as soon as the islands had be come a part and parcel of the United States government, which caused ail of the troubles on the plantations. "Speaking about the imported Ne groes I find at present quite a few of them on the islands, and I observed that they do extremely well. While there are quite a few on the various plantations, yet they do not stick to the plantations on the islands as they do m the South, and the most of them are drifting back 10 I*onolulu and the other large seaports, where they are employed by white citizens at good wages as servants and other kinds of menials. The natives do not make good servants, hence the col ored man is much in demand in the larger cities, and like most of us, they prefer a soft snap to a hard job, and especially when the snap pays better than the job. I think there are in the neighborhood of 1,500 or 2,000 American Negroes on the isl and at present, and they are con stantly going there from San Fran cisco. One of the shrewdest and most sagacious politicians on that island is T. McCant Stewart, a New York Negro, who, by the way, is not only a shrewd politician, but one of the ablest lawyers on the island. Mr. Stewart, in my opinion, is destined to become one of the leaders of the islands for two distinct reasons. First, because he is an able, shrewd and sagacious politician, and second ly, owing to the fact that he is a black man and has more influence with the natives than has the white man with the same amount of abil ity and shrewdness. "From what I have discovered, the natives will intermarry with either the whites, blacks, Chinese or Japan ese, and some of the foremost people of the island at present are the off spring of natives and Chinese inter marriage. Under such circum stances I am inclined to think that the natives will soon be a thing of the past, and the mongrel race will be the result. The language that they speak is easy to pick up, and I understand that the colored folk from the South, who have mingled freely with them, find it no trouble to learn their language and speak the same as rapidly and fluently as the native boy, who has been taught to read and write English; and with the command of the language at their hand, a great many of the im ported Negroes will soon become so closely identified with the natives that they can pass themselves off as such and thereby get favors and in tluenee which would be hard for the white man to get. Summing in all up, ] am firm ly convinced that the Hawaiian islands promise to be one of the greatest island possessions that the flag of the United States ever floated over." Mr. Davidson left for his home last Monday evening much pleased with the brief visit to his old home and the many visible signs of im provement to be seen throughout th* entire city. He contracted quite a cold while here and was quite glad to have the time roll round for him to take his departure for his sunny home. Price Five Cents ITEMS OF INTEREST Gathered From the Most Re- liable Sources. PUNGENT POINTERS Many Pacts and Figures, Statistical and Otherwise, of General Pub lic Interest, Collected for Imme diate Use for the Busy, Bustling Business Man—Things in a Nutshell as You Like Them— Realm of Religion. New Zealand has sent more sol diers in proportion to its population to fight in South Africa than any of the British colonies. Canada has sent 1,228, Australia 880, New Zea land 335, which, in proportion to the entire population, gives New Zealand the largest number. The Hatien government is gradu ally reducing its nation* debt, which atl present is $27,000,000. During the past year its imports increased $2,240,000. Mary Maddocks, a Negress near Opelika, Ala., gave birth May 24 to a child with four legs. The infant is robust and strong, and if it lives will be a museum curiosity. In Washington, D. C, Edward de Duphane, giving his age as 35 years, died in the police cell from intoxica tion. His true name was Edward D. Chamboard, who was the son of the late Count Charles D. Chamboard, of France. Having been exiled from France on account of his imperial istic views, he came to this country, took to drink and died a pauper in a prison cell. Nebraska is said to have the largest and most valuable mint farms in the United States. Many farmers 'have realized fortunes out of small forty and eighty-acre mint farms within the past two decades. From the lands that are to be opened for settlement August Ist near Oklahoma ity 4,000 Indians will each have the right to select 160 acres of land before any American citizen can enter the reservation. Should the present king of Aus tria-Hungary die, the citizenship of that entire country will doubtless stand for the dismemberment of the national combine. It is claimed by oyster culturists that the star fish is threatening the total destruction of the oysters of the entire Pacific coast. The star fish is the scavenger of the sea, like unto the buzzard of the land, and it is argued by scientists that it is better for the oysters to go than for the star fish. The United States officials now stationed in Cuba deny the fact that the Cubans are a dirty race of people in their persons, but, on the other hand, they are the most cleanly and painstaking people found on the earth as to their persons, bathing for the most part being one of their daily duties. Four-fifths of all the immigrants who come to New York City settle in the North Atlantic states. Forty two per cent, settle in New York, 19 per cent, in Pennsylvania, 6 per cent, in Massachusetts, the same number go to New Jersey, while Connecticut gets but 3 per cent.: but few of them seek homes in the far West. Of the 75,000 imigrants who camet to this country last year, about 300 went to lowa, 600 to Min nesota and a smaller number each to Kansas, Colorado and Idaho and the other Pacific states. The clannishness of the foreigners who come to this country is seen in the way they settle in the various towns of the states of the Union; for an exampte, Buffalo, X. V., has a Polish colony of 10,000; Rochester lias a Russian colony of equally as many; Albany has an English popu lation equally as large; Troy has a large Irish-born citizenship; Osewe go has a large French Canadian col ony; Syracuse has 10,000 German born residents, and Jamestown has the largest Swedish population of any city in the state. Alcohol motors for automobiles are being built in preference to elec tric motors in many of the establish ments that are turning out automo biles for general use.