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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
Vol. VIII., No. 5 BROTHER IN BLACK Under Critical Eye of Ob- serving Men. BORROWED THOUGHTS Colored Population of St. Louis given no Commercial Recog nition in the Stores in which They Spend Their Money — Other Facts and Figures about the American Negro—Big Con gress for 1902 on Tap. ST. LOUIS AFRO-AMERICANS. Over 65,000 Negroes in St. Louis, and yet the white man don't allow the colored man a dog's show. Not one store will employ a colored girl as clerk. Not one store in St. Louis that will employ a Negro only as porter. Not one bank will employ a Negro only as janitor. Not one foundry, cooper shop or carpenter shop will give our boys a show to learn a trade. No factory of any kind will employ our young people. The Transit Company employ no conductor or motorman from among our people. Not one place of busi ness of any kind will employ a Negro man or woman. Then they say: "The Negro ought to work and our young girls be upright and honest." Do the white men and women think they are doing the right thing by our people?— St. Louis Palladium. COLORED MEN RESPONSIBLE. The above excerpt is repro duced for comment only. If it be true that the conditions of the black man in St. Louis are as depicted above, then The Re publican has nothing but censure and rebuke for the St. Louis black man. If it be true that there are 65,000 colored folk in St. Louis and that they have no well established places of business among themselves in which they can trade and traffic, discriminated against as they are by the whites, then they and not the whites are to be blamed. Repeatedly has The Republican called attention to this very fact, that where there were colored folk in great numbers they made no effort whatever to look out for their own comfort, but de pended solely on the whites to do so for them, and when the whites failed to do by them as they thought proper then they registered a most awful complaint . The colored folk of St. Louis make enough money to main tain two or three wholesale groceries, one or two banks and other commer cial enterprises in proportion, and yet only a few small eating joints and 10-cent groceries are to be found in that city kept by colored folks. Instead, the record shows that they maintain immense stores and business houses from their earnings kept by white persons, and they do not get one penny's recompense in the way of patronage from said stores in return for their trade. It is therefore repeated that no one but the colored folk themselves are to blame for this state of affairs. WHAT WILL THEY DO? A colored exchange propounds the following question as to the num erous graduates that are being turn ed out this season of the year from the various colored schools of the country: "What will they do?" What they will do is one question; what they should do is another question. Judging from the past, some of them will do most anything, while the great majority will do nothing, though it is within their power to find plenty to do. It is not always the girl or boy who finds a paying position as a clerk, bookkeeper, sten ographer or some other kind of of fice work that is the greatest success in life, but it is the woman or man that makes home a paradise, in a way, instead of a poorhouse. If more of the talent that is acquired at school was used in developing a home in the country where every thing that is needed for the preser vation of life could be produced, there would be less misery and less want among all classes of people, and especially the colored people. The idea that an education means the complete desertion of the farm and farm life on the part of young col ored people is an absurd one, and they should free themselves from it as soon as possible, if not sooner. In answer, therefore, to the question set forth in the outset, "What will they do?" it might not be out of place to say to them "Remain at home and improve it so as to make it a home worthy of any one, whether he be rich or poor, black or white." \EGRO PEOPLE'S CONGRESS. A Negro congress, to be held Au guest, 1902, 7th to the 11th, inclu sive has been decided upon by a number of the leading colored di vines in the South acting as a com mittee, which assembled at Atlanta, Ga., a few days ago. Owing to the character of the men making up the committee they had invitations from a number of the leading cities of the South to hold their congress in their city, but no particular city was decided upon by them. From the plans and preparations that are being made by the committee, it looks as though this coming congress: will be the most notable one that has been held among the colored folk since their emancipation. Some of the subjects that will come before the congress for discussion are: "The material helpfulness of the American white man and the American Ne gro," "The need of a properly quali fied ministry," "The Bible—its place in the life of young people," "The Contributions of the North and the South to the Negro's Developments," "The Contribution of the Negro to His Own Developments," "Spiritual ity in its relations to practical life," "Good literature and its place in the development of young people." The following is the personnel of this committee: Bishop W. J. Games, the president; Rev. E. W. D. Isaacs, the vice president, is general secretary of the Baptist Young People's Union; Prof. I. Garland Perm, A. It, assist ant general secretary Epworth League in the Methodist Episcopal church, is corresponding secretary of the movement; Rev. W. M. Alexan der, D. D., of Baltimore, Md., the treasurer. Other members of the committee who were present were: Rev. S. N. Vass D. D., Raleigh, N. C, general secretary American Bap tist Publication Society; Bishop R. S. Williams, D. D., Augusta, Ga.; Rev. L. C. Davis, Pratt City, Ala.; Rev. J. D. Saunders, D. D., president Biddle University, Charlotte, N. C; Bishop B. W. Arnett, D. D., Wilber force, 0.; Bishop G. W. Clinton, D. D., Charlotte, N. C; Bishop C. T. Shaeffer, D. D., Topeka, Kan. ROSLYN. Rev. N. D. Hartsfield preached at the A. M. E. church last Sunday and had a most successful day of it. Mre. Donaldson visited Seattle last Monday, returning later in the week. She was accompanied by her daughter, Mrs. Hattie Heath. The "ghost" walked last Saturday in Roslyn, and as a result there was plenty of fun in the camp last Sun day. There was, however, enough money saved for the world and his brother to go to the circus Tuesday. The Masonic installation of offi cers last Monday evening was one of the greatest affairs that Roslyn has had for a good many months. It was well attended and the refresh ments served after the installation were of the rarest and most delicate styles. All present enjoyed a most excellent evening with this the old est order in the camp. A large and enthusiastic K. of P. lodge has been set up in this city among the Afro-Americansl, and it is starting out under most favorable auspices. It has a charter member ship of twenty-five and has fair prospects of doubling that number within the next month or such a matter. It is made up of some of the best men in this camp and will do well. Mr. Mike Wells, who was so un fortunate as to get one of his legs broken in the mines not long since, is getting along very well under the circumstances. His leg was broken in two places and it is feared on ac count of his age he will be a cripple. Mr. EL A. Standrige, formerly of Franklin, who also got his leg bro ken in the mines, is improving as rapidly as possible. He will soon be able to be about the camp on crutches. Best Rates for Publishing Tax Lien Notices THE SEATTLE RFPUBLICAN SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, JUNE 28, 1901 PASSING EVENTS Of Men and Things in the Public Mind. THE WEEKLY REVIEW West Virginia's Destructive Cloud- burst and Flood — Pingree's Body Coming Home—Millions in Dividends to be Paid July First—The Vioe-President Puz zle is again up for Discussion— What to do with them. The flood in West Virginia last Sunday was one of the most remark able, cloudbursts that has happened in that section of the country for a number of years. While perhaps the total number of deaths will never be known the number will reach be yond the hundred mark, and the property destroyed by the overflow will reach up into the mollions of dollars. It is one of those unfor tunate mishaps against which man is unable to protect himself, and no amount of preparation on his part can prevent a similar occurrence. Cloudbursts are quite common in many of the eastern sections of out country, but they seldom ever prove so destructive as the one in West Virginia last week. The remains of the late Hazen S. Pingree are now on their way across the ocean from London, and the friends of the late governor are wait ing with subdued sadness their ar rival. Ex-Gov. Pingree in life seems to have been overloaded with isms and reforms, but was neverthe less held in the highest respect by the* people of the state of Michigan, and even in other states. His re mains will therefore be received in. the United States with marked hon or and respect, and their interment will probably be attended by thou sands of the citizens of that state. According to an exchange, the Gazette, of Pekin, China, is the old est newspaper in the world, the same having been established 750 years ago by the Sing dynasty in the city of Hansilo. The Ming dynasty brought the Gazette in 1368 to Nan king, but in 1403 it was removed to Pekin and for two years it was under government protection. From 1630 to 1644 the paper suspended publication, and it was renewed under the Manchurian dynasty, and has so continued until the present time. AN INDEX OF PROSPERITY. Dividend payments to be made in New York on July 1 are conserva tively estimated at $120,000,000, and may reach $125,000,000. This enormous sum represents only the profits gathered in the last six months by holders of securities which are of public record in New York. It does not include divi dends payable elsewhere, or the profits of industries whose securities are elsewhere recorded, or the prof its of business whose operations are not of public record. Yet as the re cipients of these dividends are scat tered all over the country, the amount in question affords an index of the dimensions of the national prosperity. This semi-annual division of prof its surpasses in amount all previous records. Dividend payments at New York on July 1, 1900, were $105, --570,578, a gain of over $11,000,000 over July 1, 1899. On January 1, 1901. they rose to $109,573,685. The coming payments will cer tainly show an increase for the six months equal to that for the whole year between July 1, 1899, and July 1, 1900, and probably greater. The wealth of the American people was never so great as now and never was increasing more rapidly. Nor is this prosperity confined to those having surplus earnings to invest. It was never more generally diffused. The individual deposits in our na tional banks on February 5, the date of the latest available report, were $2,753,5)69,722, the largest on rec ord, and the total resources of the banks were $5,435,906,258. State and private banks, according to Comptroller Dawos' last report, held $5,841,658,820 more. In savings banks at the end of 1900 just 5,875, --456 depositors had $2,384,770,849, showing an increase since 1870 more rapid than that of the population. Our life insurance companies, whose hundreds of millions of assets are almost entirely popular savings, never showed more rapid growth than now. Wages, taking all indus tries tog-ether, and in nearly all in dustries singly, measured by pur chasing power, were never higher than now. The only dispute ovei wages this year affecting any large area—that of the machinist trades— is being generally settled in favor oi the workers. The American people are accumu lating wealth faster than they evei did before, and are enjoying more generally than ever before the ease and social improvement that wealth brings.—lnter Ocean. VICE PRESIDENTS AND ROOESVELT, What shall we do with our vice presidents? The question always has interested politicians and people. Precedent, as far as there is a pre cedent, is in favor of the succession of the vice president to the presi dency. John Adams, who served as vce president through Washington's two terms, was elected president on Washington's retirement. Thomas Jell'erson, who had been Washing ton's secretary of state and vice pres ident with Adams, was elected president on Adams' retirement. Madison, who had been Jeffer son's secretary of state, succeeded Jett'erson as president. Monroe, who had been Madison's secretary of state, succeeded Madison as presi dent, and John Quincy Adams, who had been Monroe's secretary of state, succeeded Monroe as president. Martin Van Buren, who was Jack son's first Secretary of State and Vice President in Jackson's second terms, succeeded Jackson as Presi dent. Here are two precedents estab lished in the early days of the re public—one in favor of the succes sion of the Vice President to the Presidency and the other in favor of the succession of the Secretary of State. But there was a disinclina tion in both great parties to follow or to establish any invariable rule of succession. There was goood rea son for thia, but the departure from the early custom was not intended to prejudice permanently the Vice President or the Secretary of State. The tradition which favors the po litical retirement of a man elected to the Vice Presidency is of very modern origin. It is, in fact, no tradition at all. Calhoun, Vice Pres ident under Jackson, was in public life for over twenty years after hia retirement from the Vice Presiden cy and added greatly to his- reputa tion. Hamlin, Vice President in Lincoln's first term, became more conspicuous in public life and in his party after he left that office than he had been before his election. When Coif ax had served his term as Vice President he had the oppor tunity to continue in public life as Grant's Secretary of State, but he declined the offer. It was said by friends of Hendricks that President Cleveland was disrpoeed to ignore the Vice President, but Western Demo crats believe that if Hendricks had lived he would have been Cleve land's successor. The old rule as to the Vice Presi dency was to elect to that office the most experienced, most popular, and most conspicuous man in public life, except the President. When the choice of candidates was delegated to political conventions there were occasions on which the Vice Presi dency was made a mattter of com promise between sections. This* was the case with Lincoln and Hamlin, but was not the ease with Grant and Colfax. In the latter case the candi date for the Vice Presidency was chosen to strengthen the ticket in the close October states. In the cases of Cleveland and Hen dricks and Cleveland and Thurman and Cleveland and Stevenson, the candidate for the Vice Presidency was selected to strengthen the ticket in the West In the case of McKin ley and Hobart, the candidate for the Vice Presidency was selected tq strengthen the ticket in the East. In the case of McKinley and Roose velt, strangely enough, the candi date for Vice President was selected from the East to strengthen the Presidential ticket in the West. There was a departure from prec edent in this as in other particulars last year. Rooosevelt was not like Hamlin or Colfax, or Wilson or Wheeler, or Morton or Hobart. In his nomination no precedent or tra dition was regarded. It is needless to say that neither tradition nor precedent will govern his future. If he lives he will be, in 1904, not simply Vice President Roosevelt, but the most popular Republican in pub lic life, and is likely to have before him a career as notable in its way as that of Vice President Adams, Vice President Jefferson, Secretary ol State Monroe, Vice President Cal houn, or Vice President Hamlin.— Inter Ocean. SEATTLE'S HORROR John W. Considine Shoots W. L. Merideth to Death COMMITTEE REPORTS And Acting Under Its Findings Chief of Police and Principle Detective are Relieved From Duty— Which is followed by a Terrible Tragedy and Merideth is Instantly killed — Considine Shoots in Self Defense. MEREDITH'S FATE. W. L. Meredith is not only no longer chief of police of Seattle, but he is no longer a living man, having been shot to death by John W. Con sidine last Tuesday evening, the lat ter acting purely in self defense. For the past two weeks Seattle has had excitement sufficient to satisfy the most canny in this direction. The council's investigation committee found Chief Meredith and Detective Wappenstein guilty, and these men were at once dismissed from the service, which doubtless so enraged the mind of Mr. Meredith as to prompt him to load himself down with two revolvers, a shotgun and a dirk and go gunning for John Con sidene, the man who perhaps more than all others was responsible for the ex-chief's undoing. Without warning or with Considine knowing that a dangerous foe was in the act of taking his life, Mr. Meredith be gan firing upon his eijemy and con tinued to do so, and though Consi dine took refuge in Guy's drug store to save his life, he was hotly pursued by Meredith, who continued to fire on his retreating enemy. The men were soon in a hand-to-hand scuffle, in which Tom Considine played an active part, and in a few seconds Mr. Meredith sank to the floor pierced by three bullets from John Considine's revolver, each of which would have proved fatal. It was a tragic end of a terrible feud which had existed be tween the two men for the past year or more. The Considines are now confined in the county jail, but the concensus of opinion throughout the city seems to be that John Considine acted in self defense and his incar ceration will be but a matter of a short time. BLOT ON SEATTLE. While this crime is shocking in ev ery detail and one that must bring many heart pangs of regret to the citizens of Seattle, it is but one of many that have occurred in this city since it has been given over to the criminal classes and has been the asy lum in which they have taken re treat by the scores and permitted to ply their nefarious deeds, if they would only pay the price. Nothing is more responsible and has been more contributory to the hundred and one murders'and suicides that have been committed in Seattle since 1898, than the wide-open policy that was inaugurated in the city under the present mayor. This wide-open pol icy has been the direct, means of more men committing suicide, who left their homes in the East with the direct purpose of going to Alas ka to search for gold mines, but who were entrapped in the snares of the gamblers and sure-thing men who could be found on every corner and almost in every block in this city, who, after having lost their every penny felt so chagrined and disgrac ed that rather than face their friends in the East, they carefully destroyed every scrap of paper or mark of any kind that might establish their iden tity, and found relief in a watery grave. The escutcheon of the pres ent municipal administration of Se attle is besmirched with many blotches of human gore on account of the fact that criminals have been allowed to fleece the stranger visiting or passing through of his every cent, and such stranger preferred self-de struction rather than self-exposure. So numerous are these cases that the sins of the present administration will loom up like the mountains in the distance when they are called up for a final settlement. CALL A GRAND JURY. The Republican firmly believes that the conditions and circumstan ces surrounding the present adminis tration warrant the assembling on j the part of one of the superior judges ! a grand jury to thoroughly investi . gate the whole affair. If it be true - that the present municipal adminis ! tration is in any way responsible for the horrors that have from time to time been committe in this city, it seems that a grand jury would have no trouble in finding material on which to base an indictment. If the facts should be laid before a grand jury, as it is reported they were laid before the council investi gation committee, there seems to be no doubt but it would find others equally as guilty as those it has al ready reported against. COMMITTEE'S REPORT. After weeks of careful investiga tion the council committee, which was looking into the affairs of the police department, made the follow ing report: "That from the evidence, W. L. Meredith was found unfit to occupy the office of chief of police or any other position in the police depart ment. "That from the evidence, C. W. Wappenstein was unfit to occupy the position of detective or any other po sition in the police department. "That at the inception of the in vestigation the mayor offered to co operate and assist the committee, and upon the aforesaid findings becom ing reported to him he immediately took steps which resulted in the re tirement of those officers from the police department. We find nothing whatever to in any way connect the mayor with corruption or dishon esty. "That your committee stands ready to furnish evidence to substan tiate its findings to any proper tri bunal which may be called upon to review the same. "Your committee makes this as a partial report, and asks leave to sit again." MORE INVESTIGATION. The committee asks permission to pitsh its investigation srtill further, and it is very generally believed that it has some tangible evidence within easy grasp that will lead it to finding others high in official life in this city of also being unworthy to hold office. While no name has been hinted at or even in timated in this connection by the committee, nevertheless much speculation is going on and The Re publican firmly believes that in less than another month a report equally as startling as the one made last Monday night will bo made by this special committee to the body which created it. THEY RESIGNED AT ONCE. Roth Meredith and Wappenstein resigned at the request of their su perior officer after the committee had intimated to the mayor that their findings would be against the above two men. It was doubtless this summary dismissal of ex-Chief Mere dith that so beclouded his reason as to prompt him to leave home with murder' in his heart against the man who testified the strongest against him. It is an unfortunate calamity, but is no more than could be expect ed from a man who has lived the life that Mr. Meredith has. He died just as he lived. No sooner had Mr. Meredith's res ignation been accepted and Capt. John Sullivan was named as acting chief of the police, and at once as sumed the duties of office. CAPT. JOHN SUJLJLIVAN. If there be one fair and impartial man in the police department that man is Capt. John Sullivan, and while he may have done things in the past, acting under orders from his superior officer, that might not have pleased even some of his best friends, yet a man that will not obey orders is unfit to ever give orders, and The Republican predicts one of the cleanest administrations that Seattle has ever had with Capt. Sulli van as chief of the police. He will perhaps not try to overthrow any well established policy that Mayor Humes has given to the city, but will not protect criminals, nor will lie in any way be accused of shar ing in their ill-gotten gains. He is a man beyond suspicion and a man that is a man among men. Among his first official acts was to call for the resignation of Detective Wap penstein, who had been found equal ly as guilty as had Mr. Meredith, and rliaugh that gentleman first said he would demand an investigation, he concluded it was best for 'him and those with whom he had been asso ciated to quietly step down and out, and he did so. It is hinted that there are others who came under the pale of the Lexow committee, and that Chief Sullivan will ask their resignation, and if they refuse to hand it in they will be summarily dismissed from the* department; in short, there is to be a cleaning out of the Augean stables. Price Five Cents PERSONAL. News items gladly received for publication at this office. The office of the The Seattle Re publican is at 714 Third avenue. Judge Gideon S. Bailey has re tun) ed from a week's visit in Port land. Mr. W. 11. Henderson is making preparations to leave for Dawson City at an early date. Mrs. Alfred, who now lives in Ta coma, was in the city last Monday on legal business. Mrs. H. R. Cayton and children have returned from Portland much pleased with their brief excursion. Mr. J. E. Hawkins has returned from Portland, and reports a mag nificent visit in that city. Mrs. E. B. Palmer is expected home from Alaska Saturday, having enjoyed a month's visit with, friends at Skagway. Gambling houses have been tem porarily closed up in this city, owing to the great amount of public ex citement. More than a thousand persons gathered about Guy's drug store im mediately after the shooting affray between Meredith and Oonsidine. Mr. J. P. Ball, Sr., has returned from Portland and says the Port land brethren gave him a royal stay in their midst. A Shriner lodge was set up by him while there. If you are indebted to this paper, it never needed that amount worse than it does today and it would be a great favor to the management if you would pay the same. Splendid Sunday dinner at Mrs. Washington's dining parlors, rear 1210 Second avenue. Excellent place for families; all home cook ing. 1216 Second. Hon. J. M. Frink, the Seattle iron king, and his family have returned from the East. They visited the Pan-American exposition, but do not appear to think much of the Washington exhibit. The editor of The Republican ia no mind reader, and if you do not write your visiting friend's name down and hand the same into this office it will not apear in the per sonal column hereof. The members and friends of the Mount Zion Baptist Church in thi* city among the Afro-Americans are making herculian efforts to build themselves a church edifice in the near future, and success seems to favor them. The concert given at the A. M. E. church by the children last Wednes day evening was largely attended and a splendid success. The young folk all did exceedingly well in the rendition of their pieces, and those attending would have no objections to seeing it repeated. The Executive Committee of Mount Zion Baptist Church enter tainment desires the public to take notice that Mrs. Washington, the caterist and chairman of the sup per committee, is making every ar rangement possible for a grand sup per, which will be served in conjunc tion with the entertainment on the evening of July 10 at the church edi fice, supper commencing at 6 o'clock p. m. and continuing until the close of the entertainment. Everything is being done to make this one of the greatest successes in the history of the church. THIRD AVENUE THEATER. Next week will be the last week of the present season at the Third Avenue theater. A big company of excellent actors will produce "Alone in Greater New York" as the closing play of the season. The startling events that happened in a city like Seattle if dramatized would make a vivid stage picture of real life. What, then, must be the events that occur in a city like New York? "Alone in Greater New York" is a mirror reflecting scenes and inci dents foil wing a financial crash. The play introduces many types of life, such as Bloodgood, the hard hearted broker; Badger, his devil may-care clerk, afterwards a heroic fireman; Capt. Paul Fairweather, who leaves- his "family in affluence who afterwards 1 become friendless and alone in New York, through the villiany of the broker; Mark Liv ingstone, a New York blood, who loses his all in Wall street, but who still retains his manhood; Alida Bloodgood, the hauty New York belle, and many other interesting characters portraying high and low life in a great city., vividly embel lished with appropriate scenery, makes "Alone in New York" one of the most pleasing plays of the sea son.