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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
Vol. VIII., No.««r PASSING EVENTS Of Men and Things in the Public Mind. THE WEEKLY REVIEW Uncle Snm<H Trade With South Am erica— Sampaon-Schley Controver- I My—France!) Flying; Machine a Siiccea*— Lamentation at Hi* Political Overthrow—Sooth Carolina Democrats Split in Twain—Boer* Breathing- Their Last—Krujjer Dying; in Exile. The countries of South America are becoming quite a factor in the financial affairs of the United States and for no other reason than on ac count of the trade relations that have steadily grown between these two countries since the memorable Pan-American conference, which was planned and carried out by the immortal James G. Blame. While some of the South American gov ernmenat still look upon the Unit ed States with distrust, believing that she has an eye single to absorb that entire country, yet firms are freely exchanging trade relations with her ,and a few figures from year to year on the subject will prove the truthfulness of the asser tion. ' In 1890 the total exports to South America from the United States were $38,752,648; in 1901 the exports from the United States to South America had increased to $45,181,000, and to Central Ameri ca to $7,020,000; to the West In dies to $49,100,000 and to Mexico, $37,000,000 showing that our trade on the whole to the Latin American countries had grown from $90,531, --000 in 1890 to $138,300,000 in 1901. While this is not what it should he and what it would be and what it will be if the proper steps sire only taken by the commercial men of this country, nevertheless it shows a marked increase over what it was prior 'to the Pan-American: conference. SCHLBV-SAMPSOS COSTROVEHBV. The controversy which has been going on between Admiral Sampson and Admiral Schley, as to who was entitled to the victory won by Un cle Sam's naval fleet at Santiago, ever since the memorable battle was fought, is now being investigat ed by a court of inquiry, and it is hoped that the real facts will be brought out and the honor will be given to him to whom it is due. Schley friends have from time to time insisted that he won the day on - that occasion, while Sampson's friends are equally positive that he won the day. The Republican be- : lieves that Admiral Sampson won Santiago victory. It believes that Admiral Schley took an active part in the fight and doubtless watched it from his flagship, as did the other naval officers, but there seems to be no doubt that Admiral Sampson planned all of the details for the fight in case the Spanish fleet at tempted to escape, and though i per haps Admiral Schley did carry out I the orders of the commander in chief, Sampson, he is entitled to no great amount of honor for obeying; orders. If Schley's contention be sustained then the popular belief that General Grant won many bat tles and finally captured General Lee, would be only an idle dream. All of his under generals could step in and, under such a ruling, claim the honor, as they executed his or ders, and might perhaps truthfully say that General Grant was either in the rear or was by no means in the thickest of the fight when success came to his forces. Admiral Schley was the underling at the Santiago battle and should expect no more than others who were compelled to obey orders on that occasion. / •—— PERFECT FLYING MACHINE. If M. De Santos Dumont's flying machine proves as huge a success as he now believes that it will do, aerial navigation will soon become as com mon as automobiles, and an up-to date family without a flying ma chine will be very few and far apart. The automobile at present is out of the reach of the average working man, but it will sooner or later be reduced in price so that a laboring man can be the possessor of a splen did automobile and thus be able to give his family a spin about the city and into the country without very much expense. If, as said above, Dumont's flying machine'is the suc cess that a great many scientists now believe that it will be, the fly ing machine will finally be on a par with the automobile, and it will then only be a , question of time when it will become as common to the middle classes as it is to the | wealthy classes, and a man will have his family out flying in mid air | with all the ease and safety as rid ing in a railroad car. Inventors : have been struggling to perfect a ! flying machine for the use of man I almost since the mind of man run neth not to the contrary, but it j seems that Dumont, a young ! Frenchman, has come nearer solving '• the problem than anyone who has ! ever undertaken it. His invention, ■ which was recently put on exhibi tion in Paris, did all and even more I than was expected that it would do i when turned loose in the air, and as cended and descended to the ground at the will of the operator. 'BRYAX RADLY BEATEX. It was pathetic almost beyond i measure to see how hard the im mortal William Jennings Bryan | took his final overthrow in the Dem i ocratic party. First one state and then another has made onslaughts on Bryanism, but the climax was ! reached a few days ago when Ohio, possessing the most powerful organ ization north of Mason and Dixon's line, struck it a body blow below the belt and Bryanism was perhaps put to sleep for all time to come. Wil liam Jay\ who had furnished the wind and water for this political machine since 1896, made desperate efforts to blow new life into the po litical corpse, but it would not go; it had seen better days; the struggle was ended, and it yielded up the ghost. Visionary as was William Jennings Bryan, nevertheless he i caused more political consternation among the voters and business men of this country than any one man ] i since the republic was first organ | ized, and had this master mind been i inclined to support measures thai j would have advanced the commer ; cial interests of the country instead of blocking it, the United States! would have never possessed a more j remarkable man than he, but, like! I the old man from the country who j remarked that his friend, Mr. Jones, | was the smartest man in the world, but it. all ran to devilment, so it seems to have been with Mr. Bry-j ! an. He is now a thing of the past. ' ■ and peace bo to his ashes. I I)i:«OCRACY SPLIT. It is worthy of more than passing j i notice to read of Tillmanism pitch- \ I forking Senator McLaurin out of : the Democratic party in South Car jolina. Owing to the force of cir cumstances, Senator Tillman was! j for the present able to hold his op i ponent up to political ridicule, not only in South Carolina, but all over the country, but it is he who laughs last who laughs best, and The Re publican predicts that before anoth er five years will have passed Till manism will be completely swamped by McLaurinism in South Carolina, which will spread to other South ern states. The conditions that now exist in the South cannot continue, and the political internicine war that has broken out in South Caro lina will become common to the South, and it will result in the dis franchisement embargo, which has been placed upon the Negro of that section, being raised and he will be given his full political rights in or der to help the various factions out in their'respective struggles for su premacy. VALE THE TRANSVAAL. From bad to worse the govern ment over which the venerable Paul Kiuger, more commonly known as Ooin Paul, has from time to time been driven and struggle as though the Boers could or did they must now see their doom and realize their final overthrow at the hands of Great Britain. "He that soweth to the wind will surely reap a whirl j wind," and this the Boers most as suredly did and they are now reap | ing the inevitable results of their I sowing. Their president an exile J from home, is not only an exile, but jis fast tottering to his grave. His soldiers and his generals are i either prisoners at St. Helena or j guerrillas in South Africa striking spasmodic blows here and there without very much effect. Mrs. Kruger, who for years was the mov ing spirit of the republic, passed away one day, last week and this | threw another great gloom over the ; disheartened people and so weaken i ed Mr. Kruger that his days are now ! numbered. What a pity that more consideration was not used on the part of Mr. Kruger and his advisors in the framing of their republic in South Africa, by making friends in >tead of enemies out of the natives I" and subsequently -by offering I fight instead of diplomacy to the British government. There no lon ger exists any government or any form of government for the British to treat with, interpose as much as the European powers might or will. j The Boer population has been re duced to a few guerrillas and there is but a wreck of a onec prosperous ' republic left to tell the tale. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1901 1 7% F"S f% *T 11F™ W% BROTHER mjf I ! V 111 Li I I IN BLACK Under Critical Eye of Ob -1; serving Men. BORROWED THOUGHTS Afro-AmericnnH Need Civil Service— They Shout Too Load for the Gov- C'hirnKo'ti Illy Church in Dancer of tleiiiK' Colored Men Not Good Moulders—Bishop (•nine*! Sail* for Europe— Talks on the Negro Problem in This Conn- i try at Length. ; CIVIL SERVICE STICKLERS. j No class of American citizens ] should be stronger sticklers for civil; service than the Afro-American, | for the reason that it affords him an opportunity* so far as the general! government is concerned, to get a! place and position that he otherwise! could not possibly get if left to the! selection of private individuals.! Within the past two years in the city of Seattle, three colored per sons ha"ye taken the civil service ex amination, and, remarkable to say, each of them stood first or third on the list in the class with whom they 1 took the examination, and with such standings each of them have been able to get good work and not noly steady positions, but fairly good! wages. The recent selection of Eu gene Harris as official stenographer at Walla Walla is a position that he i could not have gotten under any; circumstances had he applied to: some congressman or to some reg-; ister of the land office, for however j capable he might have been the po- j j sition would have been refused him J for no other reason than on account J of his color, but he took the exam- '•■ I ination and was assigned to duty al-i most at once. The educated Afro- American therefore should have • nothing but praise for civil service, --i that is civil service indeed, and j when municipalities will have | I adopted civil service and reduced it to a business proposition, and then men who are able to pass the exam-' S ination will be the men selected re- ' gardless of their party politics or their nationality, then it will see ■good results. ! GOV. IIHCKIIAM OBJECTS. Over in Kentucky and even in a number of exchanges edited by col- j ored men, a strong condemnation \ has been registered by-the colored folk on account of Governor Beck ham objecting to having a colored church built on a lot adjoining.his home in Frankfort Ky. So bitter ly opposed to the proposition is he that he threatens to have the capi- 1 tol of the state removed from Frankfort if the church goes up. i The Republican sees nothing to condemn the governor for on this point and if the colored folk them selves will stop and consider, they will remember that they serve God more demonstratively than any oth-j er race, many of them pray as though He were deaf, and their j shouts and hallelujahs mingled with their excitable prayers, especially in a large congregation, are by no means pleasant even to colored folk themselves who do not believe in that way of serving the Lord, and if: the governor is satisfied in his mind j that the congregation that contem-1 plates building by the side of him will prove just such a demonstrative congregation as is mentioned above, he should not be condemned for not wanting the church built by the: side of his home. Kentucky rebels do a whole lot of things that de- j serve the condemnation of all good ! people, but here is one objection from them that is deserving of a fair and impartial consideration lye fore being condemned. QI'IXX CHAPEL'S DANGER. It is learned from the Inter Ocean that the large, commodious church j edifice known as Quinn Chapel in: Chicago, is in danger of being sold under a - mortgage foreclosure. Quinn Chapel is perhaps the largest church edifice in the United States in the possession of colored folk.' and it is estimated that it has the largest congregation of any church in the country. No church in Chi cago, regardless of the nationality, has as many regular visitors as this church, and it seem- rather remark able that it should not be able to maintain itself and prevent the property from being sold under the hammer. The debt against the church amounts to $7,000. and at a rally a few Sundays ago the pastor, Rev. A. J. Gary, succeeded in rais ing $2,500, and not being able to move beyond that notch, he has all but despaired of raising the other $5,000, and unless some one takes hold of it the property valued at not less than $25,000 will be lost, which the A. M. K. Church can ill afford to lose. If, therefore, the pastor can go no further it seems that it would be meet and pi'oper for the A. M. E. organization to step in and raise the necessary funds and thereby prevent i the connection from losing a val ] nable piece of property. j WORTHLESS WORKERS. In the Metal Worker, a weekly I journal published in New York and j Chicago, some very interesting facts are learned about the Negro as a moulder. They are not only inter esting facts, but they should prove very salient lessons to the young Ne gro, who is coining forward in this ; day and generation to compete with his brother in white. Some twenty years ago it was thought by many of 1 the operators of foundries in the South that the Negro promised to i revolutionize foundry work through out not only the South, hut the en tire Tinted States. He seemed by nature an adept to the business, and, owing to the fact that he naturally lived cheaper than the white man, it was thought that those employed in foundries would soon become wealthy citizens from their enarn ings, but nineteen years of experi ence have proven far different than was anticipated, for the writer de-1 dares that at the present time there is but one foundry in the South that j employs Xegroe.- as moulders and this one does so more for policy's sake than for real merit. The rea son that they are not given places as moulders, is that they do not do their work systematically nor do they ever learn the difference in the articles which they are moulding. So earless are they about their work that they are left completely out in tlii.- business. If the Negro of this age intends to compete in the work ing world he hail better learn a les son from this and practice punctu ality and study the art of doing hi? work the most cuccessful way, and whenever he has finished a piece of work, let it be done with neatness and dispatch and be able to favor ably compare with that done by any other man, regardless of his nation ality or lot in life, or he will never be more than a hewer of wood or a drawer of water. Hisiior <;ai\ks talks. Among the noftd Afro-Ameri cans that have gone to Europe this summer is Bishop W. .1. Games and] daughter, who will spend some four months touring Europe. Bishop (James is noteworthy as being the second bishop in the A. M. EL church as to service, the bishop ranking him being Rev. 11. M. Tur-I ner. lie is also noteworthy because I of the fact that he has written a! number of books, which have been j very favorably received by the gen eral reading public. Though he was, born a slave and is far from being a classic student, yet his books show profundity of thought, clean cut sentences, each of which strikes the vital point, and. in short, they show the work of a scholar rather than a cobbler. Prior to sailing in an in terview in the New York Times he used the following language touch ing on the race question of this country: "I am not in favor of any radical measures to improve the conditions of the Negro. We must work out our salvation by degrees. "1 have perhaps a novel theory along this line. It is that the Ne gro shall imitate the Jew. Some years ago a certain hotel in Sarato ga objected to the Jews as guests. You know what the Jews did? They bought the hotel. That's what 1 preach to my people, lie saving, educate yourselves, he law-abiding, I become substantial citizens, and yon | will one day have a power they can't! wrest from you. "It is not the old people of the South who are so bitter against the Negro, it is the younger element. \ They have bitter views and feelings against us that their fathers did not \ entertain: they are not so kind." TWIKKUX6 * I.IKS. Persons who were present at the time the Negro found under the bed of some young ladies in this city one day tin- week was arrested, say the report in the little twinkling * to the effect that there was talk of lynching th"c man was a most flag rant a- well as malicious lie and such was published by it for sensa tional effect. Nine tenths of all that that measly sheet published day in and day out are lies and deceptions and this is only one of many. The business men of this city would rather a hundred times over lynch the head of that lying sheet than a hundred rapists, be their color white or black. It advocates anarchy, rev olution and everything damnable and the business men of Seattle who patronize it are only giving succor to an institution that is fostering riots and revolution. Of all tin 1 rapes that have occurred in this city no talk of lunching was ever l>efore heard of until there was a black man ' in it. REAL! OF RELIGION j Among the World's Christians and Quasi Christians. :■ — | PECULIAR CUSTOMS (liristinn Endeavor Grown Very Rapidly—The Pnn-Amerirnn l',\- ItOHition Huns on Sunday—Chris tian Scientists GniniiiK Grounds— Religion* Confcrrxs liolil.o Seventh i Animal —Ctiluiii Catholics in Financial Straits—Enjylanii'H Methodist I.ll} Preacher**. CHRISTIAN EXHEAVOH. j It might be of interest to persons | of religious inclination to learn that the twentieth annual convention of the Christian Endeavor Society, J which was recently held in Cincin nati and which-was organized In" Francis E. Clark, has now a mem bership of 4,000,000, with 61,427 distinct societies. The constitution of this organization is printed in thirty different languages and the indications are that by the time it j is half a century old, it will have a i membership of not less than 10, --| 000,000 and be one of the most powerful religious organizations in the world. PAX-VMEIUCA.X SUNDAY. Much pressure was brought to bear on the directors of the Pan- American Exposition to have them close the grounds on Sunday, but the desire on the part of the direc tors to make the Exposition pay. proved a more potential influence than the religious pressure, hence despite the fact that much attention and consideration has been given to religion in various ways by the di rectors of the Exposition, the grounds are thrown open the same on Sundays as on Monday, and probably has larger crowds on that day than any other. The desire of the city folk to have a Sunday out ing has destroyed much of the old Puritanic spirit and it is not-con sidered very much of a breach of religious belief and faith to go out and spend a pleasant .Sunday in in-; nocent amusement during the sum mer season. G.VIXIXG GROUXDS. Christian Science, whether good or bad. is fast becoming strongly ! fixed in the minds of many of the citizens of this country, and that, too, to an almost alarming extent. Legal steps in. many cities have al ready been taken to prevent minors and irresponsible persons from be ing treated by Christian Scientist.-, but responsible persons are permit ted the habit of being treated by this faith cure imposition to grow upon them. That the whole theory! is as false a.- itjs foolish is beyond a question, and it is most remark-; able that persons of good sound mind and well deueated would per mit- themselves to be imposed upon | by impostors of such a low type. MET IX BUFFALO. % During the week ending July 18, the seventh annual congress of the religions of the world was held in Buffalo, X. V.. and it was largely attended by delegates from all parts of the world. The Jew, the Greek, the Gentile, and all other religious denominations were represented and discussed the various phases of re ligion from their way of thinking with fervency, and, of course, bril liancy. These conferences may nev er result in one common religion, I but they will result in one religion | ist showing much more respect for the other, a- well as prompting one nationality to show a greater con sideration and respect for the feel \ ings and religion of the other. CATHOLICS LOST HEAVILY: The change of government in the island of Cuba ha.- deprived the Ro : man Catholic Church of that island jof an annual revenue of $300,000, I which amount was drawn from the ! treasury. This has caused so much financial consternation in church j circles of the island that the bishop jis offering the church lands and I property at sixty-five cents on the i dollar and still finds it impossible to dispose of the property even at that reduction. The overthrow of the Spanish government in Cuba. Puer to Rico and the Philippine islands was a hard blow to the Roman Cath | olic Church, not only in those is- I lands, but to the Roman Catholic | Church in general, for with Ameri can conquest, Protestatn religion i follows in its wake. While the con stitution of the United States has no religious clause in it, neverthe i less Protestant religion follows tin 1 j constitution like unto the flag of Our country. The one is quite inseparn ! hie from, the other. j _ — [MAW LA^ PREACHERS. . ! Lay preachers are still a feature of '• English Methodism and according to reports there are at present 19, --i 950 lay preachers against 2,152 ac tive ministers in the Wesleyan ; j Church of England, and these preachers are supported for the most j part, owing to their old age. by a mutual aid association, which was 1 founded some fifty pears ago and is i a feature of all forms of Methodism. i. . MORMON TITHES. I The custom of paying tithes in the Mormon Church is still relig iously lived up to by persons who ; believe in Mormon ism. and if a stranger, whether he be a mechanic, artisan or common laborer, works 1 for the temple or for one of the Mormon' bishops, ten per cent, of ■his wages is deducted every week for the church. • If the workman. however, kick? on the proposition the balance is paid to him, but one is not supposed to work for the Mor [mon Church in any shape, form or ; manner without surrendering one tenth of his wages to the church. This is their custom and they expect it to work with one man the same I as another, if the man is working for j (he church. ; CHURCH EDUCATION. Parochial schools have been com j mon to the Catholic Church and al so the Episcopal Church for many i centuries, but the latest move in that direction is the establishing of a parochial school in connection with -.the Seventh Day Advents' church. They claim to have 2,000 churches and they propose to find j teachers among the worshipers of ! each of those churches and to or ganize schools for the children of 'the members of the various churches, and have • those teachers i put in charge of them. While pa -1 rochial schools to some. extent are common to all of the Protestant churches, yet (hey have never be come a part of their religion like they have a part of the Catholic and episcopal churches. Whether right or wrong, the idea is becoming firm ly fixed m the minds of persons of such religious faiths, ami it is not 'decreased to any great extent, fight as hard as the', various Protestant j churches of this country will or I f may. . ■ ! . __^^ Mr. F. F. Keebel. Tacoma's well j known barber and bath house man, ! was visiting the city last Sunday, and it is said on the quiet that Fritz has found attraction in the Queen 1 City that promtps his weekly visits. Key. M. Scott will preach his fare welt sermon Sunday, August 10, am! will leave for the annual confer- j ence the following Thursday. His farewell sermon does by no means ! indicate that he will not return to I this place after the conference ad journs, but it i.- the custom of Meth odist preachers to always preach their farewell sermon prior to going to the annual conference, that in case something happens that they will not get back the* will have fin ished up their work properly. Rev. Scott i- well liked at this point and will doubtless be returned to the work by the bishop. It. is said that the angora goat is fast supplanting the cattle and sheep sulture of the West. The first angora goat was brought to this country in 1849 by Dr. James B. Davis of South Carolina. They were not a success in the South, but prov ed a splendid investment in the West, and there are now over a million goast in Arizona, New Mex ico, Texas, California, Idaho, Utah and Oregon. The stockmen are re alizing that the day is not far dis tant when the angora goat will take the place of both cattle and sheep. A new anarchist party has been organized in Rome, Italy, and in the manifesto issued by it. the fol lowing are the essential points: The suppression of the cause- of all so cial inequality; absolute liberty is essential to all men, with the re spects for life ,which should be sac red and inviolable. Condemns vio lence and all attempts on the lives of sovereigns and other persons. A French count, who recently died at the age of eighty-five, left $800,000 to his native city, 'Rouen.. Twenty thousand of this is to be given each year to the biggest and best built couple when married, of that city, ten thousand each to the I husband and wife. This is done with a view of improving the French race. Mr. MeLaurin will be. a Republi can and he will lead the liberal forces against Tillmanism, and the next Republican presidential candi date will stand a splendid show of getting the electoral vote from that state, though the local conditions may not improve over what they are : at the present time for the next two ; decades or more. Price Five Cents ITEMS OF INTEREST j Brief Statistical Wayside Notes I of the World. I BRIEFLY SAID Fact* and Figures About Things in Gen eral Culled and Collected by th« World;. Master Minds—Much in Little Concerning Things That Interest Hu manity Most - The United State* Leads in Points of Interest Commer i cially and Otherwise. There is a cheap quality of wine j that can be bought at wholesale in Lisbon; Spain, for two cents a quart. In order to keep an engine in smooth running order it requires 100 gallon? of oil per year. . The refining of sugar was first in vented and put into operation in the ! sixteenth century at Antwerp. ■ i Autocars are to be used by the Paris police to overtake street cars limning at too rapid a rate and for the overhauling of criminals using an} r knid of a,rapid transit to escape. The Kansas legislature recently passed a law forbidding the require ment of children to prepare their lessons at home for recital the next day at school. i In the islands of Mount Surrat, British naturalists have discovered a sting I ess bee that is famous as a honey .maker, and an attempt will be made to transplant the breed to England and other places. Female hpysicians of Sweden are not permitted to hold positions in hospitals, and a monstrous petition lias been presented to the govern ment that such a privilege he no longer denied them. According to some scientists the bread eaters of the world in 1871 numbered 000,000; in 1881 the number rose to 410,000,000; in 1891 i:-2.;nH\!M>'>; ■■at~- the -present 4ime~ they number 516,500,000. Aeeordingto a medical and surgi cal reporter there has been a mark ed decrease of mortality in recent , years, which is largely due to the better knowledge of medical juris prudence among the soldiers. The editor of a medical paper has just discovered that a half an hour's nap in the afternoon after a meal has been partaken of is helpful, a fact most any old body has known for many years. An American's expectation of life is good at any period. The Eng lishman's is not quite so good by just a shade; the German's is less by a year, and the Frenchman's is a little better than the German's. The personal property of the late Senator Fair of California is valued at 6,000,000, and, according to the ruling. of a judge in that state, two thirds of the amount will be imme diately sold and distributed among the heirs. Though Thomas Jefferson and John Adams were for many years close personal and political friends, yet the later years of their life they were such bitter enemies that Ad ams left the capitol rather than see Thomas Jefferson inaugurated pres ident of the United States. Empress Josephine first popular ized what is now known as the handkerchief, owing to the fact that she had irregular, black teeth, she held a lace handkerchief before her mouth whenever she laughed, and the custom was thereby established. The Sprague family has had charge of the American "consulate at Gibralter for sixty-nine years, but the Fox family, Englishmen, has held the little consulate at Fal mouth since the time of George Washington and has received $300 --per annum for the same. Kansas i- at the front with "standing wheat in the field at noon, harvested, threshed, ground into Hour, baked into bread in large quantities, sold around town by 6 o clock, served for supper, all in the. same day." Kansas is remarkable for remarkable lies. .*—— - Here is the history of London's bridges in brief: Westminster bridge was begun in 1738 and finished in 1746; Blackfriars bridge in 1760 and finished in 1770^ Waterloo bridge in 1811 and opened June 18, 1817; Southwark iron bridge in 1814 and finished in 1819, and the present London bridge in 1824, be nig opened on August 1, 1831.