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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
Vol. VIII., No. 12 PASSING EVENTS Of Men and Things in the Public Mind. THE WEEKLY REVIEW Iml in ii* Turning; Flinders and De <-oiiiiiiK Seltf-SustulniiiK The In- I tliHii Not DyiiiK Out but on In erense—Anotlier South American Revolution in I'roKreHH—MortKilfC ed Nations Fail First—Largre An nual Deficits in the Postal Serv ice—Cleveland and llrynn ••llu» --lle»"ii«." ■ MAXV INDIAN FARMS. The Indian, who was thought at one time to be rapidly dying out, but after careful investigation shows signs of increase instead of decrease, is rapidly developing into splendid farmers in those sections of the coun try where lie has been assigned to reservations and has .been taught the art of fanning. It is now generally considered that the Indian should be taught more farming and less fig uring, for as a iigurer he seems to be an niter failure, but as a farmer a fair success. From the government reports that have recently been sent out it is learned that there are 38, --000 Indians in the United States, who earn their own living by farm work. Last year it is claimed by this report, the Indian sold farm products to the value of $1,408,865 over and above the expenses of liv ing, which was on an average of $40 per capita. farming among the Kiowa Indians has reached a high <tate of development, and some of them have farms in as high a state of cultivation as any farms found in the Eastern states, and this is not only true of the Kiowas, but it is likewise true of all of the Indians located in the Indian Territory and in that sec tion of the United States. Even,in the state of Washington where the Indians arc taught farming, they are making much more progress than those that are supported by the gov ernment in idlenessjmVV permitted to continue their fishing and hunting pursuits. The Indian is not going to die out, and it is hardly fair for him to be continued as a public charge for all time to come, simply because generations ago his fathers were robbed of their hunting grounds by white persons bent on conquest. If there is anything the Indian can be made useful at, let him be put doing that and given en couragement along that line, that he may 'become self-sustaining instead of a public charge. Ol II INDIAN STATKS. Speaking about the Indians, the following figures may be of interest to persons giving the subject some study and consideration. There are I today about 267,000 Indians in the United States, of whivh 22,960 do not work. Nearly seven per cent, of the entire reservation earn their own living. This does not include the five civilized tribes. Of the five civ ilized tribes there are at present 85, --i--><) perhaps located in the Indian Territory. They are Cherokecs, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws and Seminoles; all of these tribes yet maintain their land in common, bat an effort will be made to allot the >aine within the next year. These are educated Indians and. it is es timated that they earned last year from tiltl sale of their produce $L -500,000. Every year the government expends $55,000,000 in trying to educate the redskins and set them up in fanning. The Osage tribe are the richest Indians in the United States, and are said to be the most industrious. Last year they had 20,000 acres of land under cultiva tion, from which they raised 100.000 bushels of wheat. 10,000 bushels of oats and 500,000 bushels of corn. The Sioux trime outnumbers the Osages two to one. and they stick to cattle raising instead of fanning. U.-t year they sold 13,000 head of! cattle, realizing a profit therefrom of $53,000. The Cherokee* are like wise great cattle raisers. Practical farming is Iteing taught in most of the Indian school- at present. KKVOI.I TIO\ 1\ (IIMMHIA. The revolution in Columbia, one of the South American republics, is assuming proportions which makes it necessary for this country to send warships to their ports for the pro tection of American citizens and their interests there, who have from time to time become interested in financial matters in that part of the world. The people who make up the South American republics seem to be of a revolutionary, effervescent nature, and they overflow every time the political stopper is pulled out. There seems to he no such thing as ! a stable government south of the i United States, though Mexico does make some pretenses along that line. This recent revolution in Columbia is nothing out of the ordinary, as it is but one faction endeavoring to overturn another faction, and but one faction trying to wrench th^ i power from the grasp of another that ! already has the power. Such a state of affairs is not only true of Colum j bia, hut it is likewise true of every republic in South America, and rev olutions among them are as common M elections in the United States, .lust why these people are not able to settle their differences and to run their governments without friction and fuss is a puzzling question to every civilized country, not only in the United States but throughout Europe. Spanish blood being prev alent among them, they seem to have lost most of the excitableness and characteristics of the people of the mother country, and prefer to settle (heir political differences with the gun^and sword rather than with de liberation and discussion. MORTGAGED XATIONS. George E. Walsh has been led to remark that the fall of nations through all ages has been through internal decay and disintegration, rather than from invasion from arm ed enemies. National bankruptcy has been the cause of more nations tumbling to pieces than any other cause. The world's most powerful empires are rapidly crumbling to pieces on account of their bankrupt conditions. China has been compel led to borrow many 'million taels- to meet her deficiency, contracted dur ing various wars in which she has been engaged. She is now being called upon by the powers to pay another heavy indemnity for the raids made by the Boxers last year. The country is falling back instead of gaining in financial matters, and this, too, with millions and millions of souls as subjects of the great em pire. No hostile nation at present stands on the border of the Chinese empire threatening; the invasion tot the country, nor is there any fight ing within her borders, which will mean her overthrow, but the army of 'bankruptcy is getting in its deadly work, and unless some strong finan cial general . goes to China's relief, that government will go to pieces and soon be a thing of the past. The .same bankrupt conditions are staring the republics of South Amer ica in the face, owing to the fact that they have been compelled to• mort gage their country's credit to obtain same condition is likewise true of money from financial concerns. The same condition is likewise true of many of the governments of Europe, all of which clearly demonstrates the theory that bankruptcy and not war is the average nation's most po tent enemy. OIK RKVHM.K LAWS. ; Despite the fact that the postal business of this country is doubling, trebling and quadrupling in turning in revenues to the national govern ment to what it formerly did, never theless there is an annual deficit of upwards of $1^.000,000. which defi cit congress is compelled to make special appropriations to cover. Though the government a few years ago reduced the price of^carrying a letter from three to two cents, and is not inclined to increase the rate again to three cents, notwithstanding the deficit, it is because the letter department of the government does not really run behind, 'but the trou ble lies in the second-class matter, which has permitted circulars of all kinds, classes and descriptions to fill the mail and overflow it to such an extent that it requires so much addi tional help to handle it, which is responsible for the deficit. The Loud biJJ, which was introduced some time ago for the purpose of remedying this evil, was killed in congress, but now the postmaster general has ruled that >econd-class matter for advertising purposes shall be sent through the mails as first-class mail. If the courts hold this ruling good, it will to a great extent remedy the evil, and it will not Ikl necessary in the future for large appropriations to be made by congress to cover the national de ficit in the postoffice department. POLITICAL "HAS-BKKNS." Both ex-President (irover Cleve land and would-be President William Jennings Bryan are enjoying them selves at present in the political boneyard, vulgarly speaking, as both of them have been shelfed for all time to come. There is no hope for ex-President Cleveland ever being able to extricate himself out of the political sea of "innocuous desue tude" in which he was plunged hy the Bryan wing of the Democratic party that ruled the roost in 1896, and there is still less hope of Mr. Bryan ever extricating himself from I the mountain of free silver under which he was caught in 1896 at the • polls and which was repeated in 1900. v «* * SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 16, 1901 BROTHER IN BLACK Under Critical Eye of Ob- serving Men. BORROWED THOUGHTS Famine In Women Help in the South—Pullman Porter* Form a I niim of- Their Colored Girl House Servants Get Together la , Chleawo— MlaaUnlppl Lynch ing- Condemned - Even in the South — Alabama'! Black Belt Growing-. > '* WOMEN HELP SCARCE. From an editorial in the Atlanta Constitution it is learned that there is much danger of the South experi encing a famine in colored women help, which conditions have been brought about by the women leaving for other (sections of the country where they can get better wages for their work, than they could get in the 'South. The average wom an cook in the South gets from $a to $1 per month to not only cook but to likewise do aIL of the housework, whereas the same woman can go to other sections and gvt from Sj#O to $.'lO par month for the same work. The colored women have learned of this fact and have drifted away, and now a genuine famine in women help is staring the white women in the face, who, however poor they are, have strug led to keep a colored woman in their employ to do their work. Not being able to maintain this any longer, they must now begin to do their work themselves, and the Constitu tion has begun to teach them through its columns how to do their own work and be pleasant while they are doing it; in short, how to make the best of the situation. Had the same plan been adopted thirty years ago, the South would have been in a more healthy financial con dition than it is now, and there would have been less trouble between the two races. I SIOMISM HtWiMi RIOT. This seems to be an age when unionism is running riot, as it is learned from a Chicago paper that 6,000 colored Pullman porters have formed a union in that city with the view of bettering their condition on the railroads. AVhile the true in tention of the organization is kept a secret by the men-who formed it, yet there is no doubt but that they mean to strike a blow at some time for the bettering of their condition. "In union there is always strength," and tho colored porters will find that they will soon better their condition if they will only hang together and make a determined fight. The name of the union will be the Railway Men's Mercantile League of Chicago. (OI.OHKD COOKS i«»MHl>t.. Another union among colored folk has recently been formed *n the city of Chicago, a»d it is none other than a servant girl union. It seems that already the white girls who la bor in the city of Chicago have formed unions, and through their unions they manage to keep the col ored girls from obtaining work as house servants. Now to counteract this move on the part of the white servants, the colored servant girls have formed another union, and, ac cording to one who spoaks with au thority for the union, they will en deavor to make it vory interesting for their white sisters. Ttmw are in the neighborhood of 10,000 colored girls who work in the city of Chicago for their daily bread, especially as serv ant girls, and these two laboring ele ments will make it quite interesting if they wage war against each other. tabor knows no color in the abstract, and all persons who labor should be united in one common cause, wheth er they be white or black, and if they are not, hut on the contrary arrayed in two great armies, struggling fto do each other up, the cause of labor will be lowered a hundred per cent, and neither side will geet the wages that they are entitled to. SOITHEH\ PAPKRS PHOTKST. So brutal and outrageous was the! lynching of two nun and one woman in Mississippi a few days ago that even the Southern papers were de nouncing it with a vengeance. While those paper* denounce this individ ual case, they nevertheless do noth ing that wil look forward to the pre vention of similar disgraceful scenes. Not only Mississippi but the entire South is now practically run by out laws, and men, women and chil dren are lynched and burned at the stake for the most trivial offenses. One crime always begets another, and there being hut one party in the Southern states, and this a close cor poration, those forming the corpora tion have succeeded in looting the states' funds and affairs in the most shameful way, and the financial con dition of Mississippi is worse today than it was when carpet-baggery ruled the state in its wildest and most extravagant form. There is no doubt but that the condition of affairs are such in the South at present that an internal revolution will be the result unless a speedy halt is called. ALABAMA'S BLACK BELT. The state of Alabama lias twelve contiguous counties, which is known M the "black belt," and their com bined area is 9,36? miles, which is I more than that of Massachusetts and j Rhode Island taken together. In 1890 these counties had an aggregate white population of 79,291, and at present they have 89,202. In 1800 they had a Negro population of 200, 681', at present they have 350,938, showing an increase in the white? of 7,911 and among the blacks 51,257 in ten years. Herv is an opportunity for those persons who have been ad vocating a black state in which only Negroes could live and hold property and likewise hold office, to get in their work. The idea of a separate state for any race or nationality in this country is absurd, but there are a great many apologists who really think that sach is the only wa.v of settling the much mooted race prob lem in this country, and here is an opportunity for them to experiment on the proposition. The great Tus kegee normal school, of which Book er T. Washington is at the head, is likewise located in this black district. and it will serve as a splendid neu cleus for the laying of the proper foundations to begin this new state. Booker Washington is generally ad mitted to be a man of sound judg ment, and he would make a most excellent advisor for those in charge of affairs. It is therefore suggested in all earnestness that the state of Alabama take steps, instead of dis franchising the colored voters, to place them in this black district where they may form a state of their own and thus eonipW.-Jy elimin.it* 1 the colored vote from the state of Alabama. ■MM TMI. MHnrUMM. The colored folk of this country will hold quite a number of import ant race meetings during the pres ent month. Chief among them is The National Afro-American Pres^ Asociation, which has already been held in the city of Philadelphia, and which is said to have been a most in teresting gathering of pencil push ers. The Press Association met Au gust 6th, and lasted three days. Next was the National Afro-American Council, which likewise met in Phil adelphia August 7th, and lasted three days. This meeting was at tended by some of the most prom inent colored men in the country, who took an active part in discussing the questions of the hour, touching upon the race problem of this coun try and likewise the overtures for harmony between the two races tha are being made by the better element of both. The National Negro Busi ness league will convene ini'hieago the 21st inst., and this promises to be the most important meeting of the entire lot. It is headed by such able and W4>ll-known men as Booker T. Washington, T. Thomas Fortune and Edward K. Cooper. It is ex pected that the leading husiness men of the country will 'be present at the session of the league, and that the discussions will be of the most in teresting nature. The discussions of the league at the previous meetings proved to be of so much interest that the reports were printed in book form and have had a wide sale throughout the country sinve they were first issued. TACOI&4 TALKS. Tacoma is the Mecca around which the clans have been collect ing for the past week, and as we go to press she is as full as a goal in more ways than one. The hotels and lodging houses are taxed to their utmost capacity to accommodate the visitors. The Order of Klks is great for fun and'a good time, and the local orders are seeling to it that the visiting orders see the ''white elephant" as he is. Mrs. Hose White will leave for Dawson City early in September. where r*he will join her husband. Mrs. John N. Comia had a letter from her husband not long since and lie reports himself in good health. Mrs. .1. ('. Branche visited with Mrs. N\_J Asherry a few days this week. Mr. 11. V. La whom and Mr. Will Turner are still much in evidence in municipal and county official cir cles. REALM OF RELIGION Among the World's Christians and Quasi Christians. PECULIAR CUSTOMS < Ml holies nitii lMnMenter* Have Kuiiictl Irelmiil- A Mure Liberal KeliK'iu" Recommended ami Tak liiK' Hoot—American)* R«*viNinn i In- Mil.l.- After Their Own ldeuK —Women MiMHiuitnrieH Should Not Be Sent to China—Short ReligciwtiK Sketeliei* iim Obnervetl liy Re liK'ioniNtn. CATHOLICS 1> IRELAND. It is reported that the Catholics in Ireland are on the decrease both in numbers and in power, and the importance of the priesthood of. Koine is no longer a significant fact in the conduct of general affairs, and a liberal Catholic church from a re ligious standpoint is taking the place of the old intolerant church, which tan all the politics, the religion and financial affairs of the entire land. Once upon ;i time there was a deadly cumin between the Dissenters and the Roman Catholics, but that state of affairs no longer exists and now the Dissenters look upon the mother church with much more favor than they did when the church oppressed every one who did not agree with it. HAIOIOW PREDICTED. It is predicted by a leading Cath olic church worker that the Roman Catholic and the Dissenter of Ire land will find it necessary liefore many more years to again unite for their own interests. They have so long fought each other and with such awful desperation that they have succeeded in almost completely depopulating the entire island, as many of the inhabitants have come to the United States. Ireland, as was said in these columns not long since, has actually decreased in population fifty per cent, within the past cen tury, and it is still on the decrease, and all because the Roman Catholic and the Dissenters continue to war with each other. The Dissenters, however, are far more liberal than the Roman Catholic, and even after they get to America this is clearly demonstrated, as the Roman Catho lics cluster together in cities and communities, where they become dangerous political factors one way or the other, while the Dissenters become a part of the people and di vide up in politics and religion, the pane as any other nationality com ing to America. HIHI.i: REVISION. According to the Sunday School Times, the American revision of the Bible will soon be issued by the American committee; though such revision, it is understood, will not be accepted by the English revisors. The first revision of the Bible was taken up under King James in 1011 and subsequent revisions have fol lowed from time to time and have thereby brought out the true mean ing of each word and sentence of the Bible. The revision that seems to have done most toward straight ening out the work and twisted words of the Bible was that issued in 1885. fJKKK\ WOOD'S MISTAKE. Mr. Frederick Greenwood, in the London Nineteenth Century, sugr gests that only single men be sent to China as missionaries, lest the Chi nese look upon missionaries with suspicion, when the two sexes are compelled to live in the same house. "Xvi! to him who evil thinks" might be very applicable said to Mr. Green wood in this connection, for certain ly the Chinese could look upon the missionaries with no more immoral suspicion than that that the Chinese themselves practice, hut if the Chris tianity that the missionaries are ex pected to teach does not rise any higher than that, then it would be much better if it is no longer taught, to the Chinese. The true lady and gentleman that cannot board and room under the same roof without having immoral suspicion thrown at them are unworthy of being called civilized people, and if they refuse to live in a bouse together because of such ill-flung suspicion, then they but give succor to the suspicion and strengthen those having such sus picions. HKV. RAMIVM. HKTI K\S. Rev. E. If. Randall pastor of the Firsi M. E. church of this city, has returned from California, whither he went primarily to attend the Ep worth League convention, and sec ondarily on his annual vacation. His sermoin last Sunday morning was a description of his visit at San Francisco and his meeting of many of the Eastern delegates at that con vention. Rev. Randall is a tireless Christian worker and his speech be fore the convention was loudly ap plauded by the delegates in attend ance. COXFEHENCE POSTPONED. The A. M. E. conference, which ■had been fixed to meet in Tacoma August Kith, has been postponed un til August 29th. The conference will be called by Bishop Schaffer Thursday morning and will last three I days, the appointments being read Sunday evening. It is thought by the presiding elder of this district that some new preachers may be transferred to this, conference next year, and perhaps some new charges opened up. MISSION TRANSFERRED. The Moravian Missions in Green land have been transferred to the Church of Denmark. They comprise six stations, thirty-three out-stations, eight missionaries, and thirty native helpers. The missionaries will be transferred to other stations.—The Congregationalism COM PI I .SO H V COX VERSION. A curious instance of religious fanaticism, though by no means a unique one, has recently come before the courts ot Lemberg in Austriarn- Poland. A wealthy Roman Catholic lady has been tried and convicted, and sentenced to three years' im prisonment for kidnaping a Jewish girl and confining her in a convent, where she was baptized against her parents/ will. A HKW ACCESSION OATH. The report of the select committee of the home of lords appointed to consider the accession declaration of the sovereign, in regard to transub stantiation, finds that the language can be advantageously modified with out diminishing its efficacy as se curity for the maintenance of the Protestant succession. The form ot declaration suggested by the com mittee does not contain phrases rel ative to idolatry, etc., which are so objectionable to Roman Catholics. ROMAN CATHOLIC LOSSES IN AUS TRIA. The Lutheran authorities in Aus tria have recently published some figures, in regard to the number of persons who have left the Roman church and inscribed their names as Protestants. In 1899 there were 0,385 who joined either the Reform ed or Lutheran churches, and in 1900 4,699—0r 11,084 in two years. Besides these many have freed them selves from Rome without formally becoming Protestants; and many have joined the Old Catholic church. FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. The British and Foreign Bible So ciety's annual report states the year's issues at 4,914,000, a reduction of 133,000. This, however, is due wholly to the Chinese crisis. The falling off there is 250,000, so that there is a considerable gain in other fields. Foreign sales in 27 countries, through 81 2 colporteurs, were 1,600, --000. The society maintains in the East (JIG native Bible women, in con nection with 30 missionary organiz ations, it supplies the P. S. G., the C. M. S., and the other great mis sionary organizations with most of the Scriptures that they need, and as a rule without cost. THE STRIKE SITUATION: Editor Republican: Your mention of the assault upon my son contained one error viz., that the boy returned to work becau.se his father told him to. Frank is doing for himself. It was his own idea to resume work af ter the shops re-opened. lam sim ply assisting him to acquire a thor ough knowledge of the machinist trade. He is not a member of any labor union; is not eligible, being a mere apprentice. He is under no ob ligations to any organization ,and prefers to be earning an honest liv ing and learning a trade rather than to lie walking the streets in idleness. His right to work is the right of an American citizen (with apologies, of course, to those who assume to do a 9 they please and to prevent others from doing likewise). There are yet a IVw old-fashioned folks who persist in believing that one man has aa much right to work as another has to quit and remain idle. lam sorry the labor unions have not seen (it to condemn mo)) violence in this in stance. L was raised in the back woods of Puget Sound; helped to clear and improve a farm in our tim bered country. My sympathies are i naturally with laboring men. Within projxT bounds I am heartily in favor of labor organizations, but I will nev er tolerate assaults upon individuals. The labor organizations owe it to themselves to take a firm stand against lawlessness. They are mis represented by the hot-heads who participate in anything of the sort. The jawMiiiths who preach anarchy on the streets and inflame the baser passions of men by denouncing all Price Five Cents capitalists as criminals who oppress labor, are enemies of this kind. The professional agitator who stood be fore a Seattle audience last week and denounced the American flag as rep resenting nothing but oppression and injustice is a treasonable, pestilent incendiary who abuses the liberty of free speech. Such persons are con tinually doing the cause of organized labor infinite harm. People some times wonder why, if this country ia so bad, such persons do not hunt a better one and go there. lam sure we could spare them. Palsied be the hand or tongue that would raise a finger or enunciate a syllable against American institutions! Respectfully, ALLEN WETR. THE PRESS GANG. Washington state's fifteenth press association convened last Tuesday with some 200 of the country edit ors and their wive* present. The "gang"' was given royal receptions during its stay in tlie City of Des tiny, and every one present was willing to vote the honor to Tacoma in the entertaining of the pencil pushers. Nothing of importance transpired during the sessions of the association, for it's the outing and not the interest that press associa tions are kept up. Some day the state press association will see the neces sity of holding two sessions a year, one in the winter for business and the other in the summer for pleas ure and a general good time. AMUSEMENTS The opening attraction of the season at the Seattle will be the big Tiyoli Opera Company, direct from San Francisco's 'home of opera. The date set is September 8, and our people certainly have a treat in store in the coming of this famous band of singers, Ferris Hartman, the well-known comedian, heads the list, and with him are such clever people as Annie Myers, Arthur Cunningham, Bernice Holmes, Har ry (.'ashman, Joseph Fogarty and a numerous bunch of minor players, besides a big chorus of pretty girls. San Franciscans are justly proud of their home organization, and Man ager Howe could not have pleased us any better than he has done by securing this attraction. PAM>MA AXD KARLA WKRAKK. Music lovers of the city will be delighted to know that Manager Cort, of the Grand, has engaged the wonderful child musicians, Karla and l'aloma Schramm, for a recital next Tuesday evening. They made a wonderful impression when at the same theater last June, and will doubtless repeat that success on this coming visit. It would appear that the Seattle & Lake Shore Waterway Company propose to do something toward the building of their canal connecting Lake Washington with the Sound, as it has rectntly rented the old pump ing station at Lake Washington for the purpose of sluicing its right of way. "It never rains but what it pours," says an old adage, and it seems to be true in this canal busi ness, for no sooner than had the government begun to build a Lake Washington canal than this private company likewise begun operations for another canal. <J ndge Emery has^ set the trial of the Considines for September 16th, when the biggest legal contest that King county has seen for a good many moons will be waged. Big Bill Morris is arranging his chain of evi dence and says that he and his col leagues will win the case in a whoop. Hon. J. H. Schively and Will H. Nicholas have gone East and will be absent from the state some six weeks or more. They are on state insur ance matters and will take in the Pan-American exposition while East. Hon. J. VY. McConnaughe; has re turned from an extended trip through the East and is highly grat ified to be home again, if for no oth er reason than to escape the hot weather that prevails through ttie East at present. Mr. MeConnaughey says Puget Sound weather is like winter weather in comparison tothat of the East, and for that and that only did he desire to come home. Mrs. J. C. Branche and daughter (Jloria left for their home last Tues day. They were delighted with their stay on Puget Sound and are very grateful to the many persons who showed them personal favors while in the city. She will stop over for a couple of days in Tacoma and from there she will go to Denver, where she will remain the most of the month, endeavoring to reach home by the first of September.