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The Seattle Republican. (Seattle, Wash.) 1???-1915, August 16, 1901, Image 1

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Vol. VIII., No. 12
Of Men and Things in the
Public Mind.
Iml in ii* Turning; Flinders and De
<-oiiiiiiK Seltf-SustulniiiK The In- I
tliHii Not DyiiiK Out but on In
erense—Anotlier South American
Revolution in I'roKreHH—MortKilfC
ed Nations Fail First—Largre An
nual Deficits in the Postal Serv
ice—Cleveland and llrynn ••llu»
--lle»"ii«." ■
The Indian, who was thought at
one time to be rapidly dying out,
but after careful investigation shows
signs of increase instead of decrease,
is rapidly developing into splendid
farmers in those sections of the coun
try where lie has been assigned to
reservations and has .been taught the
art of fanning. It is now generally
considered that the Indian should
be taught more farming and less fig
uring, for as a iigurer he seems to
be an niter failure, but as a farmer
a fair success. From the government
reports that have recently been sent
out it is learned that there are 38,
--000 Indians in the United States,
who earn their own living by farm
work. Last year it is claimed by
this report, the Indian sold farm
products to the value of $1,408,865
over and above the expenses of liv
ing, which was on an average of $40
per capita. farming among the
Kiowa Indians has reached a high
<tate of development, and some of
them have farms in as high a state of
cultivation as any farms found in the
Eastern states, and this is not only
true of the Kiowas, but it is likewise
true of all of the Indians located in
the Indian Territory and in that sec
tion of the United States. Even,in
the state of Washington where the
Indians arc taught farming, they
are making much more progress than
those that are supported by the gov
ernment in idlenessjmVV permitted to
continue their fishing and hunting
pursuits. The Indian is not going
to die out, and it is hardly fair for
him to be continued as a public
charge for all time to come, simply
because generations ago his fathers
were robbed of their hunting
grounds by white persons bent on
conquest. If there is anything the
Indian can be made useful at, let him
be put doing that and given en
couragement along that line, that he
may 'become self-sustaining instead
of a public charge.
Speaking about the Indians, the
following figures may be of interest
to persons giving the subject some
study and consideration. There are I
today about 267,000 Indians in the
United States, of whivh 22,960 do
not work. Nearly seven per cent, of
the entire reservation earn their own
living. This does not include the
five civilized tribes. Of the five civ
ilized tribes there are at present 85,
--i--><) perhaps located in the Indian
Territory. They are Cherokecs,
Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws and
Seminoles; all of these tribes yet
maintain their land in common, bat
an effort will be made to allot the
>aine within the next year. These
are educated Indians and. it is es
timated that they earned last year
from tiltl sale of their produce $L
-500,000. Every year the government
expends $55,000,000 in trying to
educate the redskins and set them
up in fanning. The Osage tribe are
the richest Indians in the United
States, and are said to be the most
industrious. Last year they had
20,000 acres of land under cultiva
tion, from which they raised 100.000
bushels of wheat. 10,000 bushels of
oats and 500,000 bushels of corn.
The Sioux trime outnumbers the
Osages two to one. and they stick to
cattle raising instead of fanning.
U.-t year they sold 13,000 head of!
cattle, realizing a profit therefrom of
$53,000. The Cherokee* are like
wise great cattle raisers. Practical
farming is Iteing taught in most of
the Indian school- at present.
The revolution in Columbia, one
of the South American republics, is
assuming proportions which makes it
necessary for this country to send
warships to their ports for the pro
tection of American citizens and
their interests there, who have from
time to time become interested in
financial matters in that part of the
world. The people who make up the
South American republics seem to
be of a revolutionary, effervescent
nature, and they overflow every time
the political stopper is pulled out.
There seems to he no such thing as
! a stable government south of the
i United States, though Mexico does
make some pretenses along that line.
This recent revolution in Columbia
is nothing out of the ordinary, as it
is but one faction endeavoring to
overturn another faction, and but
one faction trying to wrench th^
i power from the grasp of another that
! already has the power. Such a state
of affairs is not only true of Colum
j bia, hut it is likewise true of every
republic in South America, and rev
olutions among them are as common
M elections in the United States,
.lust why these people are not able
to settle their differences and to run
their governments without friction
and fuss is a puzzling question to
every civilized country, not only in
the United States but throughout
Europe. Spanish blood being prev
alent among them, they seem to have
lost most of the excitableness and
characteristics of the people of the
mother country, and prefer to settle
(heir political differences with the
gun^and sword rather than with de
liberation and discussion.
George E. Walsh has been led to
remark that the fall of nations
through all ages has been through
internal decay and disintegration,
rather than from invasion from arm
ed enemies. National bankruptcy
has been the cause of more nations
tumbling to pieces than any other
cause. The world's most powerful
empires are rapidly crumbling to
pieces on account of their bankrupt
conditions. China has been compel
led to borrow many 'million taels- to
meet her deficiency, contracted dur
ing various wars in which she has
been engaged. She is now being
called upon by the powers to pay
another heavy indemnity for the
raids made by the Boxers last year.
The country is falling back instead
of gaining in financial matters, and
this, too, with millions and millions
of souls as subjects of the great em
pire. No hostile nation at present
stands on the border of the Chinese
empire threatening; the invasion tot
the country, nor is there any fight
ing within her borders, which will
mean her overthrow, but the army of
'bankruptcy is getting in its deadly
work, and unless some strong finan
cial general . goes to China's relief,
that government will go to pieces
and soon be a thing of the past.
The .same bankrupt conditions are
staring the republics of South Amer
ica in the face, owing to the fact that
they have been compelled to• mort
gage their country's credit to obtain
same condition is likewise true of
money from financial concerns. The
same condition is likewise true of
many of the governments of Europe,
all of which clearly demonstrates
the theory that bankruptcy and not
war is the average nation's most po
tent enemy.
; Despite the fact that the postal
business of this country is doubling,
trebling and quadrupling in turning
in revenues to the national govern
ment to what it formerly did, never
theless there is an annual deficit of
upwards of $1^.000,000. which defi
cit congress is compelled to make
special appropriations to cover.
Though the government a few years
ago reduced the price of^carrying a
letter from three to two cents, and is
not inclined to increase the rate
again to three cents, notwithstanding
the deficit, it is because the letter
department of the government does
not really run behind, 'but the trou
ble lies in the second-class matter,
which has permitted circulars of all
kinds, classes and descriptions to fill
the mail and overflow it to such an
extent that it requires so much addi
tional help to handle it,
which is responsible for the
deficit. The Loud biJJ, which
was introduced some time ago
for the purpose of remedying this
evil, was killed in congress, but now
the postmaster general has ruled that
>econd-class matter for advertising
purposes shall be sent through the
mails as first-class mail. If the
courts hold this ruling good, it will
to a great extent remedy the evil, and
it will not Ikl necessary in the future
for large appropriations to be made
by congress to cover the national de
ficit in the postoffice department.
Both ex-President (irover Cleve
land and would-be President William
Jennings Bryan are enjoying them
selves at present in the political
boneyard, vulgarly speaking, as both
of them have been shelfed for all
time to come. There is no hope for
ex-President Cleveland ever being
able to extricate himself out of the
political sea of "innocuous desue
tude" in which he was plunged hy
the Bryan wing of the Democratic
party that ruled the roost in 1896,
and there is still less hope of Mr.
Bryan ever extricating himself from
I the mountain of free silver under
which he was caught in 1896 at the
• polls and which was repeated in
1900. v «* *
Under Critical Eye of Ob-
serving Men.
Famine In Women Help in the
South—Pullman Porter* Form a
I niim of- Their Colored Girl
House Servants Get Together la
, Chleawo— MlaaUnlppl Lynch
ing- Condemned - Even in the
South — Alabama'! Black Belt
Growing-. >
From an editorial in the Atlanta
Constitution it is learned that there
is much danger of the South experi
encing a famine in colored women
help, which conditions have been
brought about by the women leaving
for other (sections of the country
where they can get better wages for
their work, than they could
get in the 'South. The average wom
an cook in the South gets from $a
to $1 per month to not only cook but
to likewise do aIL of the housework,
whereas the same woman can go to
other sections and gvt from Sj#O to
$.'lO par month for the same work.
The colored women have learned of
this fact and have drifted away, and
now a genuine famine in women help
is staring the white women
in the face, who, however
poor they are, have strug
led to keep a colored woman in their
employ to do their work. Not being
able to maintain this any longer,
they must now begin to do their
work themselves, and the Constitu
tion has begun to teach them
through its columns how to do their
own work and be pleasant while
they are doing it; in short, how to
make the best of the situation. Had
the same plan been adopted thirty
years ago, the South would have
been in a more healthy financial con
dition than it is now, and there
would have been less trouble between
the two races.
This seems to be an age when
unionism is running riot, as it is
learned from a Chicago paper that
6,000 colored Pullman porters have
formed a union in that city with the
view of bettering their condition on
the railroads. AVhile the true in
tention of the organization is kept
a secret by the men-who formed it,
yet there is no doubt but that they
mean to strike a blow at some time
for the bettering of their condition.
"In union there is always strength,"
and tho colored porters will find that
they will soon better their condition
if they will only hang together and
make a determined fight. The name
of the union will be the Railway
Men's Mercantile League of Chicago.
Another union among colored
folk has recently been formed *n the
city of Chicago, a»d it is none other
than a servant girl union. It seems
that already the white girls who la
bor in the city of Chicago have
formed unions, and through their
unions they manage to keep the col
ored girls from obtaining work as
house servants. Now to counteract
this move on the part of the white
servants, the colored servant girls
have formed another union, and, ac
cording to one who spoaks with au
thority for the union, they will en
deavor to make it vory interesting for
their white sisters. Ttmw are in the
neighborhood of 10,000 colored girls
who work in the city of Chicago for
their daily bread, especially as serv
ant girls, and these two laboring ele
ments will make it quite interesting
if they wage war against each other.
tabor knows no color in the abstract,
and all persons who labor should be
united in one common cause, wheth
er they be white or black, and if they
are not, hut on the contrary arrayed
in two great armies, struggling fto do
each other up, the cause of labor will
be lowered a hundred per cent, and
neither side will geet the wages that
they are entitled to.
So brutal and outrageous was the!
lynching of two nun and one woman
in Mississippi a few days ago that
even the Southern papers were de
nouncing it with a vengeance. While
those paper* denounce this individ
ual case, they nevertheless do noth
ing that wil look forward to the pre
vention of similar disgraceful scenes.
Not only Mississippi but the entire
South is now practically run by out
laws, and men, women and chil
dren are lynched and burned at the
stake for the most trivial offenses.
One crime always begets another,
and there being hut one party in the
Southern states, and this a close cor
poration, those forming the corpora
tion have succeeded in looting the
states' funds and affairs in the most
shameful way, and the financial con
dition of Mississippi is worse today
than it was when carpet-baggery
ruled the state in its wildest and
most extravagant form. There is no
doubt but that the condition of
affairs are such in the South at
present that an internal revolution
will be the result unless a speedy
halt is called.
The state of Alabama lias twelve
contiguous counties, which is known
M the "black belt," and their com
bined area is 9,36? miles, which is
I more than that of Massachusetts and
j Rhode Island taken together. In
1890 these counties had an aggregate
white population of 79,291, and at
present they have 89,202. In 1800
they had a Negro population of 200,
681', at present they have 350,938,
showing an increase in the white? of
7,911 and among the blacks 51,257
in ten years. Herv is an opportunity
for those persons who have been ad
vocating a black state in which only
Negroes could live and hold property
and likewise hold office, to get in
their work. The idea of a separate
state for any race or nationality in
this country is absurd, but there are
a great many apologists who really
think that sach is the only wa.v of
settling the much mooted race prob
lem in this country, and here is an
opportunity for them to experiment
on the proposition. The great Tus
kegee normal school, of which Book
er T. Washington is at the head, is
likewise located in this black district.
and it will serve as a splendid neu
cleus for the laying of the proper
foundations to begin this new state.
Booker Washington is generally ad
mitted to be a man of sound judg
ment, and he would make a most
excellent advisor for those in charge
of affairs. It is therefore suggested
in all earnestness that the state of
Alabama take steps, instead of dis
franchising the colored voters, to
place them in this black district
where they may form a state of their
own and thus eonipW.-Jy elimin.it* 1
the colored vote from the state of
The colored folk of this country
will hold quite a number of import
ant race meetings during the pres
ent month. Chief among them is
The National Afro-American Pres^
Asociation, which has already been
held in the city of Philadelphia, and
which is said to have been a most in
teresting gathering of pencil push
ers. The Press Association met Au
gust 6th, and lasted three days. Next
was the National Afro-American
Council, which likewise met in Phil
adelphia August 7th, and lasted
three days. This meeting was at
tended by some of the most prom
inent colored men in the country,
who took an active part in discussing
the questions of the hour, touching
upon the race problem of this coun
try and likewise the overtures for
harmony between the two races tha
are being made by the better element
of both. The National Negro Busi
ness league will convene ini'hieago
the 21st inst., and this promises to
be the most important meeting of
the entire lot. It is headed by such
able and W4>ll-known men as Booker
T. Washington, T. Thomas Fortune
and Edward K. Cooper. It is ex
pected that the leading husiness men
of the country will 'be present at the
session of the league, and that the
discussions will be of the most in
teresting nature. The discussions of
the league at the previous meetings
proved to be of so much interest
that the reports were printed in book
form and have had a wide sale
throughout the country sinve they
were first issued.
Tacoma is the Mecca around
which the clans have been collect
ing for the past week, and as we go
to press she is as full as a goal in
more ways than one. The hotels and
lodging houses are taxed to their
utmost capacity to accommodate
the visitors. The Order of Klks is
great for fun and'a good time, and
the local orders are seeling to it
that the visiting orders see the
''white elephant" as he is.
Mrs. Hose White will leave for
Dawson City early in September.
where r*he will join her husband.
Mrs. John N. Comia had a letter
from her husband not long since and
lie reports himself in good health.
Mrs. .1. ('. Branche visited with
Mrs. N\_J Asherry a few days this
Mr. 11. V. La whom and Mr. Will
Turner are still much in evidence
in municipal and county official cir
Among the World's Christians
and Quasi Christians.
< Ml holies nitii lMnMenter* Have
Kuiiictl Irelmiil- A Mure Liberal
KeliK'iu" Recommended ami Tak
liiK' Hoot—American)* R«*viNinn
i In- Mil.l.- After Their Own ldeuK
—Women MiMHiuitnrieH Should Not
Be Sent to China—Short ReligciwtiK
Sketeliei* iim Obnervetl liy Re
It is reported that the Catholics
in Ireland are on the decrease both
in numbers and in power, and the
importance of the priesthood of.
Koine is no longer a significant fact
in the conduct of general affairs, and
a liberal Catholic church from a re
ligious standpoint is taking the place
of the old intolerant church, which
tan all the politics, the religion and
financial affairs of the entire land.
Once upon ;i time there was a deadly
cumin between the Dissenters and
the Roman Catholics, but that state
of affairs no longer exists and now
the Dissenters look upon the mother
church with much more favor than
they did when the church oppressed
every one who did not agree with it.
It is predicted by a leading Cath
olic church worker that the Roman
Catholic and the Dissenter of Ire
land will find it necessary liefore
many more years to again unite for
their own interests. They have so
long fought each other and with
such awful desperation that they
have succeeded in almost completely
depopulating the entire island, as
many of the inhabitants have come
to the United States. Ireland, as was
said in these columns not long since,
has actually decreased in population
fifty per cent, within the past cen
tury, and it is still on the decrease,
and all because the Roman Catholic
and the Dissenters continue to war
with each other. The Dissenters,
however, are far more liberal than
the Roman Catholic, and even after
they get to America this is clearly
demonstrated, as the Roman Catho
lics cluster together in cities and
communities, where they become
dangerous political factors one way
or the other, while the Dissenters
become a part of the people and di
vide up in politics and religion, the
pane as any other nationality com
ing to America.
According to the Sunday School
Times, the American revision of the
Bible will soon be issued by the
American committee; though such
revision, it is understood, will not
be accepted by the English revisors.
The first revision of the Bible was
taken up under King James in 1011
and subsequent revisions have fol
lowed from time to time and have
thereby brought out the true mean
ing of each word and sentence of
the Bible. The revision that seems
to have done most toward straight
ening out the work and twisted words
of the Bible was that issued in 1885.
Mr. Frederick Greenwood, in the
London Nineteenth Century, sugr
gests that only single men be sent to
China as missionaries, lest the Chi
nese look upon missionaries with
suspicion, when the two sexes are
compelled to live in the same house.
"Xvi! to him who evil thinks" might
be very applicable said to Mr. Green
wood in this connection, for certain
ly the Chinese could look upon the
missionaries with no more immoral
suspicion than that that the Chinese
themselves practice, hut if the Chris
tianity that the missionaries are ex
pected to teach does not rise any
higher than that, then it would be
much better if it is no longer taught,
to the Chinese. The true lady and
gentleman that cannot board and
room under the same roof without
having immoral suspicion thrown
at them are unworthy of being called
civilized people, and if they refuse to
live in a bouse together because of
such ill-flung suspicion, then they
but give succor to the suspicion and
strengthen those having such sus
Rev. E. If. Randall pastor of the
Firsi M. E. church of this city, has
returned from California, whither
he went primarily to attend the Ep
worth League convention, and sec
ondarily on his annual vacation.
His sermoin last Sunday morning
was a description of his visit at San
Francisco and his meeting of many
of the Eastern delegates at that con
vention. Rev. Randall is a tireless
Christian worker and his speech be
fore the convention was loudly ap
plauded by the delegates in attend
The A. M. E. conference, which
■had been fixed to meet in Tacoma
August Kith, has been postponed un
til August 29th. The conference
will be called by Bishop Schaffer
Thursday morning and will last three
I days, the appointments being read
Sunday evening. It is thought by
the presiding elder of this district
that some new preachers may be
transferred to this, conference next
year, and perhaps some new charges
opened up.
The Moravian Missions in Green
land have been transferred to the
Church of Denmark. They comprise
six stations, thirty-three out-stations,
eight missionaries, and thirty native
helpers. The missionaries will be
transferred to other stations.—The
A curious instance of religious
fanaticism, though by no means a
unique one, has recently come before
the courts ot Lemberg in Austriarn-
Poland. A wealthy Roman Catholic
lady has been tried and convicted,
and sentenced to three years' im
prisonment for kidnaping a Jewish
girl and confining her in a convent,
where she was baptized against her
parents/ will.
The report of the select committee
of the home of lords appointed to
consider the accession declaration of
the sovereign, in regard to transub
stantiation, finds that the language
can be advantageously modified with
out diminishing its efficacy as se
curity for the maintenance of the
Protestant succession. The form ot
declaration suggested by the com
mittee does not contain phrases rel
ative to idolatry, etc., which are so
objectionable to Roman Catholics.
The Lutheran authorities in Aus
tria have recently published some
figures, in regard to the number of
persons who have left the Roman
church and inscribed their names as
Protestants. In 1899 there were
0,385 who joined either the Reform
ed or Lutheran churches, and in
1900 4,699—0r 11,084 in two years.
Besides these many have freed them
selves from Rome without formally
becoming Protestants; and many
have joined the Old Catholic church.
The British and Foreign Bible So
ciety's annual report states the year's
issues at 4,914,000, a reduction of
133,000. This, however, is due
wholly to the Chinese crisis. The
falling off there is 250,000, so that
there is a considerable gain in other
fields. Foreign sales in 27 countries,
through 81 2 colporteurs, were 1,600,
--000. The society maintains in the
East (JIG native Bible women, in con
nection with 30 missionary organiz
ations, it supplies the P. S. G., the
C. M. S., and the other great mis
sionary organizations with most of
the Scriptures that they need, and
as a rule without cost.
Editor Republican: Your mention
of the assault upon my son contained
one error viz., that the boy returned
to work becau.se his father told him
to. Frank is doing for himself. It
was his own idea to resume work af
ter the shops re-opened. lam sim
ply assisting him to acquire a thor
ough knowledge of the machinist
trade. He is not a member of any
labor union; is not eligible, being a
mere apprentice. He is under no ob
ligations to any organization ,and
prefers to be earning an honest liv
ing and learning a trade rather than
to lie walking the streets in idleness.
His right to work is the right of an
American citizen (with apologies, of
course, to those who assume to do a 9
they please and to prevent others
from doing likewise). There are yet
a IVw old-fashioned folks who persist
in believing that one man has aa
much right to work as another has
to quit and remain idle. lam sorry
the labor unions have not seen (it to
condemn mo)) violence in this in
stance. L was raised in the back
woods of Puget Sound; helped to
clear and improve a farm in our tim
bered country. My sympathies are
i naturally with laboring men. Within
projxT bounds I am heartily in favor
of labor organizations, but I will nev
er tolerate assaults upon individuals.
The labor organizations owe it to
themselves to take a firm stand
against lawlessness. They are mis
represented by the hot-heads who
participate in anything of the sort.
The jawMiiiths who preach anarchy
on the streets and inflame the baser
passions of men by denouncing all
Price Five Cents
capitalists as criminals who oppress
labor, are enemies of this kind. The
professional agitator who stood be
fore a Seattle audience last week and
denounced the American flag as rep
resenting nothing but oppression and
injustice is a treasonable, pestilent
incendiary who abuses the liberty of
free speech. Such persons are con
tinually doing the cause of organized
labor infinite harm. People some
times wonder why, if this country ia
so bad, such persons do not hunt a
better one and go there. lam sure
we could spare them. Palsied be the
hand or tongue that would raise a
finger or enunciate a syllable against
American institutions!
Washington state's fifteenth press
association convened last Tuesday
with some 200 of the country edit
ors and their wive* present. The
"gang"' was given royal receptions
during its stay in tlie City of Des
tiny, and every one present was
willing to vote the honor to Tacoma
in the entertaining of the pencil
pushers. Nothing of importance
transpired during the sessions of the
association, for it's the outing and
not the interest that press associa
tions are kept up. Some day the state
press association will see the neces
sity of holding two sessions a year,
one in the winter for business and
the other in the summer for pleas
ure and a general good time.
The opening attraction of the
season at the Seattle will be the big
Tiyoli Opera Company, direct from
San Francisco's 'home of opera. The
date set is September 8, and our
people certainly have a treat in store
in the coming of this famous band
of singers, Ferris Hartman, the
well-known comedian, heads the
list, and with him are such clever
people as Annie Myers, Arthur
Cunningham, Bernice Holmes, Har
ry (.'ashman, Joseph Fogarty and a
numerous bunch of minor players,
besides a big chorus of pretty girls.
San Franciscans are justly proud of
their home organization, and Man
ager Howe could not have pleased
us any better than he has done by
securing this attraction.
Music lovers of the city will be
delighted to know that Manager
Cort, of the Grand, has engaged the
wonderful child musicians, Karla
and l'aloma Schramm, for a recital
next Tuesday evening. They made
a wonderful impression when at the
same theater last June, and will
doubtless repeat that success on this
coming visit.
It would appear that the Seattle
& Lake Shore Waterway Company
propose to do something toward the
building of their canal connecting
Lake Washington with the Sound, as
it has rectntly rented the old pump
ing station at Lake Washington for
the purpose of sluicing its right of
way. "It never rains but what it
pours," says an old adage, and it
seems to be true in this canal busi
ness, for no sooner than had the
government begun to build a Lake
Washington canal than this private
company likewise begun operations
for another canal.
<J ndge Emery has^ set the trial of
the Considines for September 16th,
when the biggest legal contest that
King county has seen for a good
many moons will be waged. Big Bill
Morris is arranging his chain of evi
dence and says that he and his col
leagues will win the case in a whoop.
Hon. J. H. Schively and Will H.
Nicholas have gone East and will be
absent from the state some six weeks
or more. They are on state insur
ance matters and will take in the
Pan-American exposition while East.
Hon. J. VY. McConnaughe; has re
turned from an extended trip
through the East and is highly grat
ified to be home again, if for no oth
er reason than to escape the hot
weather that prevails through ttie
East at present. Mr. MeConnaughey
says Puget Sound weather is like
winter weather in comparison tothat
of the East, and for that and that
only did he desire to come home.
Mrs. J. C. Branche and daughter
(Jloria left for their home last Tues
day. They were delighted with their
stay on Puget Sound and are very
grateful to the many persons who
showed them personal favors while
in the city. She will stop over for a
couple of days in Tacoma and from
there she will go to Denver, where
she will remain the most of the
month, endeavoring to reach home
by the first of September.

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