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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
Vol. VIII., No. U PASSING EVENTS Of Men and Things in the Public Mind. THE WEEKLY REVIEW Will the Chinese Exclusion Act lie Renewed—No End in Si»ht of Steel Strike— Uncle Sam's Finan cial Status Par Excellent — Great Lake Concerns Want to Itnilil Warships—Huston Corbett ■ Turns I'll Ajuaiiißoasted of Killing Booth—Gov. Newell Dead. GEARY ACT EXPIRES. Speaking about the decrease in the Chinese population for the past few years calls to mind that the Chi nese exclusion act expires May sth, 1902, and the renewal of which promises to cause much discussion, 'both pro and con. Many of the lead ing and most influential daily papers in the Hast, as well as many of the leading industrial operators, do not favor the proposition of enforcing the Chinese exclusion act as it de prives the country of a vast amount of help that it is sadly in need of at present, while, on the other hand, organized labor will wage a bitter war against admitting Chinese into this country, as were they prior to the passage of the Geary act. To dis continue the Chinese exclusion law would demoralize labor all over the Pacific coast, and, perhaps, the same might be said as to many points in the Eastern states, and while the United States has no particular ob jections to encouraging friendly re lations with the Chinese govern ment, yet it should not consider for a moment any proposition of admit ting Chinese in wholesale lots into this county to take the place of la boring people and thus put the coun try in a worse demoralized labor con dition than it now is. STEEL STRIKERS STRIKE OX. It is remarkable with what lenae iousness the steel strike holds on. Weeks and months ago it was main tained by those who seemed to know whereof they spoke, that the steel strike wouid. soon be settled, but it has continued to hang on and still there is no visible evidence that it will be settled at any time within the very near future. As has been re peatedly said m these columns, this seems to be war to the knife between capital and labor, each realizing that the success of one means the final overthrow of the other. United la bor lost a point in this deadly strug gle when it failed to call out all la- Dor union help m a general "sympa inv Hike,"' and the steel strikers fail ing in that point must prepare to iignt it out relying on their own strength to accomplish this purpose. UNCLIC SAM GETS GOLD. The financial conditions of the United States have materially im proved since IS(J3 or thereabouts, when Cirover Cleveland as president of the United States was borrowing money irom foreign powers at an ex orbitant rate of interest and gold was flowing out instead of into the coun try. At the opening of the business year, beginning July olst, the Unit ed Mates had in its possession the largest tund of po\d held by any na tion in the wond and the greatest ever before possesed at once by this government, as on that date the fund amounted to $504,354^297. The fund now held by the Tinted States treasury consists of the following items: Amount held against gold certificates $292, 535, 689; reserved, $105,000,000; monies in the genral fund of the treasury, $61,818,508, which shows thai after all of the government's financial obligations have been fully Liquidated and the constitutional gold reserve laid away, she will still have an immense sum to her credit for the benefit of inter nal improvements. No government has ever before had so large a gold reserve on hand as above mentioned, except the Russian government, which at one lime is said to have had a gold fund of $598,700,000. AHIKK. \TI'. THE TREATY. The treaty which was entered in to between the United States gov ernment and Great Britain to the effect that neither of the great na tions should maintain or build war ships on tinl Great Lakes, which sep arated the United States government from the British possessions, is not being favorably looked upon at this time in the United States. Xot that the citizens of this country desire to maintain an armed fleet on the Great Lakes for fear of foreign in vasion, but the owners of large ship yards and lumbering industries la bor under the belief that to not be permitted to build warships on the Great Lakes work? a financial injus tice on them, and, if the treaty was annulled, it would otter them an op portunity to compete in the ship building business, and if they were permitted to compete in the build ing of war vessels for the nation, it would greatly lessen the cost of building such to the government. There seems to 'he method in their madness, and it is more than likely that some steps will be taken by the government authorities to ahrobate the Foolish treaty. To abrogate this specific treaty, it requires 'the gov ernment so desiring to serve a six months* notice on the other govern ment before doing so, and this, it is thought, will be done by the United States; not in a spirit of jingoism, but in a business spirit pure and simple. It means much to the labor ing industries on the (Treat Lakes, and the treaty should he broken at once, if not sooner. BOSTOX COHUF.T NOT DEAD. It will be news to most persons to learn that Boston Corbett, the man who slaved John Wilkes Booth, the slayer of I'resident Lincoln, is not yet dead and not only not dead, but is traveling agent for a medical com pany, with headquarters in Topelgi. Some years ago Boston Corbett, whose home was in Cloud county, Kansas, was selected by the Kansas legislature as its sergeant at arms. In that capacity he acted during the most of the session, but taking ex eepiions to something that was said by some of the members contrary to his political belief, he commanded the legislature to adjourn, and in its refusal to do so he pulled two navy sixes out of his pocket and began fir ing, which soon depopulated the hall. For this act Corbett was ar rested, tried and found guilty of in sanity and was confined in an insane asylum, subsequently he escaped from the asylum, and the authorities gave it out that he was dead. It now transpires that he was not dead, nor was he actually crazy, for after his escape he was employed by a medical company as its agent, and has acted in tnat capacity since 1878. ile refuses to return to Kansas, be lieving that he would again be con- Jined in the asylum if he once got in to the clutches of the Kansas offi cials. Before he was supposed to be dead he received a pension from the government and since that time the fund has been accumulating \m til now ir amounts to something over $1,400. lie also has valuable prop erty in Cloud county, and this he refuses to make any disposal of or to returriVto Kansas to claim his pen sion, and it is utterly impossible for him to ever get the same unless he does return and make affidavits to the effect that he is not dead. lie is by no means a very old man, being but 62 at his last birthday. 1 • lilt SON A L E X I*ES KIE N IE, The writer is of the opinion that a more eccentric man never lived than Boston Corbett, and he knows tins from personal experience with the man. Having lived in Cloud county, Kansas, and being connected with a hotel in that city, he often met Corbett, as he stopped at the hotel whenever he came to town from his country residence. Hut notwithstanding his eccentricities he was a most interesting man to talk to, and was well read on most all subjects, but took more interest in war affairs and religion than any thing else. He never tired of telling how he shot Booth, nor of the satis faction it gave him to do so. It was perhaps his eccentricities that led him to settle in the remote part of Western Kansas, which at the time, was sparcely settled, and where ht seldom had a friend or an acquain tance to visit him-. Apparently he lived happily, surrounded only by his dumb animals, and his little farm eighteen miles to the nearest railroad station. He was fond of the old soldiers and visited all of the reunions in N the county and state. and seemingly derived a lo*t of pleas ure from making his annual visits to those places. It is very evident that the man was never crazy or he would never have had the success as a trav eling man that he has had since h* escaped from the asylum. Taking it all in all, Boston Corbett is one of the remarkable historic character? that this country will read about for ages and generatoins yet to come. FORTUNE FAST FADED. Fickle fortune never faded from the grasp of a human being more completely than it did from Ex- Governor W. A. Newell .who recent ly died in Allcntown, New Jersey. Though Dr. Newell had associated with the lords and grandees, with . the highest and lowest officials of .the land, and the richest and poor SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 2J, 1901 est to be found, and had enjoyed ev ery privilege that wealth and fame could bring to any man, he died a few days ago in poverty and rags. He was not a wayward wreck, a drunken eot, a branded criminal, nor could he be charged with having been any thing but a most excellent type of humanity, and yet fortune from time to time continued to hide its face from him until it left him a physical wreck and likewise friend less and fitfull. Though he was at one time a member of the United States Congress, subsequently gov ernor of the state of New Jersey, still later governor of the state of Washington, and likewise the father of the government life-saving ser vice, all of which must have added. thousands of dollars to his credit, he died in a lodging house uncared for. and his remains would have been taken to the potters' field had it not been for someone who thought it a disgrace to our country for such a thing to be permitted and gave the remams a decent burial. During hie stay at Olympia, Governor Newell was always favorably known to ev erybody, hi his later years, how ever, he developed ideas peculiar to himself and ideas that Republicans were inclined to pronounce Populis tie: nevertheless, his ideas were al ways worthy of consideration and were intended to be in the interests of the poor people among whom he lived. The estrangements which came between him and his party caused him to lie overlooked by the later day partisans, and in his de clining years he thought best for him to return to New Jersey for the purpose of regaining some of his for mer popularity with his party, but he died before regaining any of his former strength or popularity, and as a result his remains were buried without honor or ceremony, thuogh he had rendered his country propor tionately as much service,as had any man who had made him governor of the teritory of Washington, the im mortal Abraham Lincoln. IteMS OF INTEREST Vassar College has a farm em bracing 1,000 acres of land. In I'JOO there were a^l-'jl con stables m Scotland, or one to every 847 persons. The world's consumption of cotton is estimated at about 11,000,000 bales a year. General DeWet is said to be the finest horseman in South Africa, and is likewise a crack shot. The Cross of the French Legion of Jlonor has been bestowed upon thirty-eight different women. It requires four years for the cof fee plant to reach maturity and pro duce profitable crops. A man in Calaveras .county, Cal ifornia, is hatching pliesants in in cubators. There are ten battalions in the British regular army thai still wear the old Scotch kilts. Tasmania is said to be the richest island of the Australasian group irom a mineral' standpoint. During the past century, it is es timated that Ireland has lost 1,746, --000 people from famine. Jt is estimated that the inhabi tants of Ontario write more letters than all the rest of Canada combin ed. Jt is estimated that the popula tion of London during the day num bers 33.850, while the night is 28, --039. The census returns show that the percentage of capital invested in manufacturing in Rrode island has increased i' 2.2 per cent, sinve 1890. The widows and orphans of the soldiers who lost thqir lives in the South African war arc to he pension ed Ity the British government. According to entomologists the sugar cane plant has 227 varieties of insects as enemies to its perfect ma turity. . ' At the equator experts say that the average temperature of the Be« at the depth of a mile is hut four de grees above freezing point. By the will of Jacob 11. Rpgere, the Locomoters Museum of New York was left an endowment fund of $8, --000,000, which is to purchase works of art for the museum. A cement house is under con struction at Pitteburg. Vast quan tities of furnace slag that are thrown away each year will be used in manufacturing cement houses if this proposition proves practical. The Moniteur, one of the best known journals throughout the world, ceased to appear last month nfter an existence of more than a century. It was founded in 1790. and was the French government or gan until 1808. BROTHER IN. BLACK Under Critical Eye of Ob serving Men. BORROWED THOUGHTS Father's Fortune— Lynched One Hun dred— "Rapid IFire" Burkina Dead —Graduating?', Roster—Peter Jack son Passes Away—Tuskeejsee He memlicred — llos;nn Retires Co mmercial Coiubinatoins — Defend Yourselves—Murray an Historian Mrs. Yates Selected.—Other Notes. LEFT A FORTUNE. Robert Rhiems is the name of a colored barber, who recently sailed for Australia to claim a fortune which was left by his father a year ago, who died in that country. The father was formerly a slave in this country, but escaped and went to Australia and engaged in the mining business and accumulated a fortune. which was not claimed until his son Robert proved his identity a few days ago. U,VRUI\S LYNCHING SPIRIT. Within the past ten years 100 per sons of color have been mobbed and lynched in the state of Alabama, all of whom were taken directly from the possession of the officers of the law. AX IXVEXTOR DEAD. Eugene Burkina, a young Afro- American inventor, who furnished the the government with Burkina rapid fire gun, died in New Orleans July 11th. WILHEUFOHCE'S SUCCESS. At the thirty-eighth annual com mencement exercises at Wilberioree University, a denominational school under the auspices of the African .Methodist Episcopal Church, thirty six young men and women received diplomas frohi liv- academic depart ment. A REMARK Alll.K PUGILIST. Peter Jackson, the well known colored pugilist, died in Australia a few days ago, in every sense a full fledged pauper. At one time Jack son was admired throughout the world, and he could have given his check then for $100,000 and the same would have been honored at his bank, but he lived a fast life and hi' lived to see the time come when Jiis last living caused him to have to beg his bread. Poor l'eter! The old adage of "a fool and his money soon part" was very applicable to him, hut unfortunately tor him, he not only parted with his money, hut he likewise parted with his health and finally his life. GETS A DIG WAI). Within the past few months the Tuskeegee Normal and Industrial Institute has received $40,000 to ward an endowment fund, which was contributed by two persons, one liv ing in Boston and the other in New York, who will not permit the dis closure of their names. BO4SAS HAS RETIRED. Ernest Sogan, the "unbleached America^*' as he styles himself, has practically retired from the stage, and has bought him a home in New York and is making quite a financial success at song writing at present, llogan started his musical career in the city of Seattle, making his first appearance on the stage of one of the local theatres here. He has written a number of songs, which. h;jve netted him well for his trouble. JOIXT STOCK lOMI'AMF.S. In a number of the Southern towns large joint stock companies are being organized among the Afro- Americans for the purpose of engag ing in the mercantile business. The first efforts that were made along this line proved a failure, but at present there are a number of joint Mi!<-k companies in operation among the colored folk in various places in the country, all of which are doing, exceedingly well. Even in Chicago there is a joint stock mercantile in stitution, which has branched out on a most elaborate plan, and if the In ter-Ocean can be believed on this point, it promises to become a rival of some of the large department stores that are so common to the city of Chicago. I Sl'. VOIR GUTS. The Afro-American Press Asso ciation, which recently met in Phil adelphia, is said to be on record as advising the use of the shotgun on I the part of the colored folk to pre vent lynchings in the South." The shotgun effectively used prove? a I most salient lesson, it must be ad ; mitted, but the shotgun game is one that two can play at, and in the end ! it is more than likely that the, col- I ored man would be weighed in the i balance and found wanting, if he I should start in to playing the game in the United States. KNOWS HIS BUSINESS. Hon. Daniel 11. Murray, assistant librarian in the Congressional li brary, is said to be an historian of the most profound type, and is as well veresd in this line as any edu cator in the United States. Mr. Murray is originally from Maryland, where he enjoys the distinction of being one man of color on whom the "color line" is very seldom drawn, and for no other reason than on ac count of his jiational reputation as an historian and a scholar in gen eral. WOMAN OF THE WEST. When Mrs. Josephine Silone Yates was elected to the presidency of the National Association of Col ored Women over siich well known characters as Mrs. Ex-Senator Blanche K. Bruce and Mrs. Prof. Booker T. Washington, it was an ad mission on the part of the Eastern ladies that Mrs. Yates was not only their equal, but quite their superior. Buj: such an admission was wholly unnecessary, for Mrs. Yates, from an educational standpoint is head head and shoulders above any wom an of color in the United tSates. YOIR OWX EKE MY. An exenange published by a col ored man gives utterance to the fol lowing very interesting and applic able remarks: ""The color of our skin is not tiie worst of our afflic tions. The lack of moral stamina. punctuality, original thoughts, thor ough execution and patience, is what keeps the Negro in the background. CHIXAMKX DECHEASIXG. According to the last census there are but M» s <->OO Uiunamen m tills country, snowing a decrease of 17, --oUO from ttie number reported in 18l»0. The Chinese exclusion laws account for this wonderful decrease in the Mongolian population m the ,i nited States. ax exciollkvi' m ilium;. The building for the colored i'olk in the Inter-state and West Indies expos!tion, which will be held in Charleston, South Carolina, between tins and Juni Ist, ldi)2, is said to be the most elaborate of its kind that has yet been erected on any exposition grounds. It will be erect ed on a 15u-aere tract, two and one half miles from the business center of Charleston, and the building will contain 15,UUU square feet of tioor .-pace and walls sufficient to accom modate all of the exhibits that will be taken thereto. A special effort will be made by the colored folk m the South to make this exhibit the finest that has ever been seen on any similar oeeasioh. The directors un der whom the exhibit will be are: Booker T. Washington, commission er-in-chief; W. 1). Cram, M. D., assistant commissioner; Thomas J. Jackson, secretary and Held agent: Booker T. Washington, chairman, Tuskegee, Ala.; W. D. drum, acting chairman, Charleston, S. (".; X. ]">. Sterrett, Charleston, S. C; Thomas I. -Miller, Orangeburg, S. C; C, W. Bennett, Charleston, S. C; J. L. Dart, Charleston, S. C; E. A. Law rence, Charleston, S. C; William In glias, Charleston, S. C; W. J. Tar ker, Charlseton, S. C. MISSOI'KI XKtntOI'HODIA. Anti-Negro riots have broken out in Pierce county, Missouri, over the murdering of a young white girl, the murderer being unknown, and as a result two Negroes were lynched on general principles and many others were .-hot and otherwise butchered up and their homes burned. Chaos has prevailed and the Negroes have been driven completely from the community. The Chinese Boxers committed just such outrages as this on the Christian missionaries, and for their savage acts the world's great powers sent great armies into [he Chinese country and after thous ands of the Chinese had been butch ered in a spirit of revenge, the Chi nese sued for peace, which was only granted after a price had. been placed on the head of every Chris tian killed or in any way molested, and many million taela paid for the same. The white Christians, how ever, can perpetrate the same acts of savage barbarity on the Negroes and | cultured and refined Christianity ap plauds. Deliver us, 0 Most High, from such a Christianity as this. REALM OF RELIGION Among the World's Christians and Quasi Christians. PECULIAR CUSTOMS For Free Hospital Beds in the Lippy —Says the Gennesian Account Chenp Fiction—ls Any Part of the Kiltie- Untrue—The Laboring Man and the Church—Claims the Sa loons More Inviting than the Clmreh—Do Christians Cater to Millionaires? FREE HOSPITAL BEDS. An effort is being made in Seat tle by the Protestant denominations to furnish a part of the Lippy Hos pital with, free beds and apartments for persons unable to pay for hospit al accommodations, and yet are com pelled to be taken to some hospital for treatment. For years a great many of the miners in this section of the country labored under the be lief that Providence Hospital was a charity hospital pure and simple, and if they should happen to get sick or injured, whether they had the money to pay their bills at the hospital or not, they would be taken in and cared for by that institution. This, however, is not correct, as the Providence Hospital authorities will take no one who is not able to pay his or her bills. Xo sooner is the money of any patient out than such person is taken to the county hospi tal, this having been found out by the miners, they no longer contrib ute as they formerly did. Now this move on the part of the Protestants to have a charity department, pure and simple, is a most commendable one, and it is hoped that all persons will contribute something towards maintaining it as such. To run a charity department in any hospital means an outlay of a considerable sum of money without any compen sation, and to maintain this it must be supported by charity, and there are enough Protestant churches in this city 4.0 maintain such in good shcape and it should be done. ATTACK cool) BOOK. The .Bible is being attacked in Chicago from a most imexpected source. The Pilgrim Series Sunday school quarterlies issued for Sunday schools of the Congregational church, are advocating that the Bi- Jjle account of the creation is in op-. position to history and science, and that the story of the fall of man is regarded as allegorical and by no means literal. It is assumed by the ablest divines of the land that, if there is one sentence in the Bible that can be successfully disputed, it destroys the effect of the entire book. If, therefore, the Congregational church accpets the teachings of the editor of the Sunday School Quar terly, it means a radical overthrow of the former biblical faiths and the religion of our fathers will be bad ly shaken. If the account of the creation be a story without founda tion or facts, but purely one of fic tion, then why is not the account of the crucifixion of Christ equally fic titious and every other point on which the Bible is based? If the story of the fall of man is mere mythology and has no real founda tion, then why is not the redemption of man equally mythological, and the whole 'biblical theory a roar ing farce? But this new theory will not become very firmly iixed in the minds of the human family for a good many generations yet to come. MATTER MICH DISCISSED. The Brooklyn Times in discussing this matter is lead to remark, there are very few clergymen, and a very few men in general, who have given any degree of attention to Bible study who would not lie ready to give hearty endorsement to a much stronger statement of the uniHaen tiiie character of the record in Gene sis than the above. It is right that children should be reared in respect and reverence of all pure and holy things, but nothing is gained by teaching them to believe what they will be most thoroughly taught not to beileve later in life. And along this line it likewise reasons that pa rents should not teach their chil dren the harmless fiction of Santa Clans, for, when the child has its faith shaken in that direction, it will so upset its ideas along that line that it will not beileve anything that does not have facts and figures to prove its actual existence. CHIRCH AMI L.AUOREHS. A lead ing church worker has pro pounded three pertinent questions to labor leaders, asking their atti tude toward the church of Christ, Price Five Cents and from the replies that were re turned to the divine it is learned that the laboring folk in this coun try are taught by labor leaders to shun and fight all churches and all things with a religious influence. The three questions and enswers are as follows: 1. Vvnat is the chief fault tiiat woiKinginen imu wim tne churcn. r' 10 me average woriungman tne enuicn seems 10 worK in me interest vi me capitalist, in iact, tne preai-ner ana me weaiiny men run every tnirig. liiere is no ireecloin oi mougui in me eiiurcn-, ana you ex pect us 10 pay pew rent in order to ue toiu we are going cuaignt to iieli. lou scold us lor neglecting our suir iiuai ana eternal vveiiare ror ssiien a aiing as 'bouny wants, 'but you do not give us tne tilings we need for our eartniy lives, me cnurcii has not tuiven its place in our lives as our iiiena ana our aeienaer. it up uoius any. endorses me present in dustrial system, vvnicn is responsible ior most oi our misery, it nas been antagonistic to me rights oi labor, ana meieiore we Keep out ot baa company. , . 11. What, in your opinion, takes me piace 01 me ciiuicn. in me me vi mo average]'worKingmaui' me lougo taKes me place of the cliUicu in many woriangmen s lives; oeeause nere every meiuuer is e^uai 10 me outer aim ail are niaue wel come, we also mm ajsitusutute m me laoor union. \v c go to the union uc-caute 11 upiioius our wages aguinot persona wno generally control tne cnuicnes, ana oecaus-e it is tne only Liiing mat gives us protection so th^t wu can earn a living. me club loom claim many more, because it gives me general news ana questions <jL interest to inose who are simiiar iy situated witn us m the city, me piace oi.me ciiurcn is uemg actually LuKcn uy tne saloon, lor it is mostly nere that me woriangman nnus oc casion to become enuiiisiastic. The aaidon oners many attractions in the way 01 oiiiiards, pool, reading rooms, gymnasium, etc. ILL How do they regard Jesus Unnst ? jmuuy regard Jesus as a good man —one WHO Knew wliat it was to earn money by hard work, and who, were lie on eartli today, would be a good and true mend, not expecting too much iioin tlie man wan little edu cation, but giving him his just due, inaKing allowance lor some of ins .■uiorteonungs. We believe that Je dus Uirist advocated tlie doctrine of co-operation, tlie brotherhood ot man, and socialism, and if there had oeen labor organizations during ills iinie on eartn lie would have been one 01 the very first carpenters to join. He is also regarded as a great leacher whose character was exemp lary and well worthy of imita tion. l>ut the average workinginan considers Christ in auout the same light as he is held by the average orthodox minister. Ins mission on earth was to save sinners, to establish right relations among men, to set up nis kingdom. IV. What, in your opinion, should engage the attention and the activities ol the church? The church should preach the gospeA of socialism, which is nothing else than me gospei of Jesus Christ. it should be as friendly to the poor man as the ricii, and not make ttesh of one and bones of the other. The active members of the church should put their heads together and insti tute workingmen's clubs, providing pleasant rooms for them, with games and reading matter. 1 think that the church could assist us if it would make public some of the places where garments worn by people are manufactured. We have children who ought to be in school, working ai overcrowded sweatshops, hardly nt for a human being. The churcti should interest itselt in the tene ment house problem. How can we live decent lives when we are crowd ed, sometimes 800 in a single house? i'he church needs also to make its services more vivacious ami brotherly, more practical. The min ister who lias a message, whose voice brings an inspiration of quickened life, will have a large hearng, both of workngmen and business men, as well as of women and children. He should visit the dens of vice and crime and preach there, it won t hurt him. It nerer hurt Jesus L'hrist, and he can follow in Ins footsteps. The canal project to connect the Caspian and Black Seas will cost $20,000,000. The waterway is to be 23 feet deep and 150 feet broad, and will begin at Astrakhan on the Caspian Sea and end at the harbor of Taganrog on the Sea of Azar. It is a Russian project from start to fin ish.