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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
Vol. VIII., No. IS PASSING EVENTS Of Men and Things in the Public Mind. • _ THE WEEKLY REVIEW Southern States Lapsing; Into Bar barlsm—The Press Speaks Out Ait'uiiiNt the Lynching; Spirit- Uncle Sum's ■ ititilroad Growth, Financial and Otherwise— Storers Will Lose Their Wad- Tea, and Coffee Drinking Not De erraNiiiK in Thin Country. HKl(i\ OF TKItKOII. A reign of terror is prevailing in the Southern states such as was nev er before reported in any civilized country, which condition of affairs, if continued in, will land a majority of the Southern states in chaotic conditions, which will eventually re sult in their lapsing into a state of barbarity and border outlawry such as prevailed in the Western states shortly after the close of the great Civil War. From a dispatch sent out 'form New Orleans dated August 23, it is stated that in Mississippi alone forty-five murders and lynching^ have been reported for the past thir ty days, with a dozen or more on tap awaiting the detection of the accus ed. Considering that Mississippi is one of the oldest states in the Union and one in which law and order have reigned supreme for the past cen tury, this is a most remarkable record and a record that sur passes that of any state west of the Mississippi river. Under such conditions it is only a question of time when missionaries from the North and foreign lands will have to be sent to that section of our country by the scores in order to •Christianize the semi-barbaric An glo-Saxons. DOES LYNCHIXG DKTEII? Speaking about the reign of terror that is now prevailing in the South ern states, a leading Southern pa per, "The Savannah Press," asks the question, "Does lynching ' de ter?" and in commenting upon the question it declares that there is en tirely too much lynching going on in the South for its own good, which fact is verified by the sickening ac counts of Negroes being burned at the stake, shot and tortured in every conceivable way for crimes and al leged crimes perpetrated upon the gentler sex of the opposite race. Not withstanding the fact that the daily papers are constantly full of these sickening reports, they do not seem to deter others from committing the same offense, though they know that: they will meet the same fate as oth ers who have done so. Though far removed from the scenes of these horrible crimes, The Republican is of the opinion that many of those outrages occur from the fact that those people are being persecuted, prosecuted and maltreated in every conceivable way to such an extent as to drive them to desperation, and they see no other way to play even except this. The many horri ble crimes committed by the colored men of that section are but the re flections of the crimes committed by white men in the same section. The former are no worse than the latter, and if the latter's crimes were par aded before the public as are the for mer's, it would reveal a state and condition of social affairs that would shock the civilized world from cen ter to circumference. OIR RAILROAD GROWTH. It is remarkable almost beyond measure of the marvelous growth that the railroad systems of this country have enjoyed for the past seventy-five years. While Am erica is characteristic for its indus trial progress, its railroad progress seems to have suprassed that of any thing else. Railroad building began about 1832, and during that year there were in operation but 200 miles of railroad, but in 1840 the record shows that there were 2,118 miles in operation, and since that time the record for every ten years is as follows: In 1850, 9,021 miles: 1860, 30,625 miles; 1870, 52,922 miles; 1880, 93,262 miles; 1890, 166,703 miles, and in 1900, 193,343 miles. This great railroad building has added a vast amount of wealth to our country and, according to Mr. Joseph Ximmoc, who has carefully compiled the wealth of the railroads since 1850, the following figures have been given out by him: 1850 , $ 7,135,780,228 1860 16,159,616,068 1870 30,068,518,507 1880 43,642,000,000 1890 05,037,001,197 Bet. for 1900 94,000,000,000 QKAIH SPEC I I.ATORS. The prospects of the grain spec ulators of this country making an immense fortune out of stored grain to be Bold to the French govern ment in case of war with Turkey do not promise to bring many sheekles to their pockets after all, as it is learned from a most reliable source that all parties in France are oppos ed to European war, and especially if France is to take any part in it. "Peace at any price" seems to be the popular chord that is meeting pub lic approval throughout the entire French realm. Financially speaking, France is in no condition to go to war with any country, so goes the report, and there U no longer that rebellious spirit bo characteristic of the French people prevalent in the French republic. They are at pres ent doing fairly well from a com mercial standpoint and they see no reason for wasting their energies and resources in a frivoloxis war, which would certainly be the case should France and Turkey go to war over the question that they are now in dispute about. Though the French embassy has broken all diplomatic relations between France and Tur key, there are no prospects of im mediate war, and our grain specula tors, who have been expecting a rich harvest from that source, will have their labor for their pains. BOKRS* XKW L.IFK. Jt has been repeatedly given out both officially and otherwise that the war with South Africa was prac tically at an end and the only light ing reported from there was guerilla fighting on the part of the Boers, which gave the English no great amount of worry. Contrary reports, however, have begun to pour in, which declare that the Boers are gaining on the British and that they are invading territory that has been peaceably in possession of the Brit ish armies for lo these many months. These reports declare that not only an- the British nrmie* worried at the renewed life of the Boers, but that the British people in London are likewise worried, as a wholesale uprising on the part of all anti-Eng lish residents in South Africa is ex pected at any moment, which, if true, would result in a complete ov erthrow of the British in that sec tion of the world. It took the Unit ed Colonies eight years to convince Great Britain that they should be free and independent, and if the Boers can succeed in eight years from the time that war broke out by constant harassing the British ar mies to convince them of a similar fact, they will have done well. ROOSEVELT RISING. The storm which broke loose at the last national convention and re sulted in the utter demolishing of the proposed plans of the leading Republicans in the nomination of a vice president, which resulted in the selection of Theodore Rdosevelt for that position, seems to have broken loose again, and proposes this time to nominate the same man for presi dent of the United States. The en thusiasm which the presence of Mr. Roosevelt creates wherever he goes, is a strong indication that he is as popular as he is politic, and if he is not nominated in 1904 for the high est position in the gift of the peo ple of this country, then it will be a miracle. Roosevelt clubs are being organized in many of the Eastern states at present as though the cam paign would be on next year, and this is not only true of erratic Kan sas, but likewise true of Illinois and even the state of New York itself, Mr. Roosevelt's home, and that, too, in spite of the opposition of Tom Platt. Mr. Roosevelt is making spe cial efforts to popularize himself with the masses, and his efforts are not wholly without success. ]lis La bor day speech was applauded all over the land and even by union la bor organizations, who take no po litical stock in President MeKinley and the Republican party that nom inated and elected him. If Mark Hanna lias any intentions whatever of standing for the presidency in 1904. he had better get a hum]) on himself or Roosevelt will have cor ralled the Union before Hanna gets ready to announce himself. TEA DKIMvINCJ. The theory advanced by one Hol land, an Tnter-Ocean correspondent, to the effect that the American peo ple were not drinking tea so exten sively as in former years is not borne out 'by the reports of tea imported from China. In 1878 China sent us 32,013,000 pounds of tea: in 1888, 39,597,365 pounds: in 1899, 46, --867,436 pounds, and the same for the year 1901. The United States SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1901 imported for the year ending June 30th, 1898, all told, 68,778,000 pounds. During the year 1899 she imported 71,089,000 pounds; dur ing the year 1900, 84,845,000 pounds we're imported, showing a steady increase from time to time and thus blasting the theory of Mr. Holland to the effect that tea drink ing was growing less. In this con nection it might not be out of place to designate the various countries that sent this country tea, with the amounts. Of the 84,845,000 pounds sent us in 1900, 40,867,000 pounds came from the Chinese empire; 35, --189,000 from Japan, and 4,455,000 from the East Indies. It will thus be seen that the great bulk of tea that is consumed in this country comes from China and Japan. COFFER CONSUMPTION." Comparing coffee drinking with tea drinking, the following figures will show the reader how the two compare, so far as this country is concerned. In 1899 her coffee im portations were 831,872,000 pounds; in l!>00, 787,991,000 pounds, and in 1901. 854,871.000 pounds. The above figures not only show that the people of this country are great tea drinkers but they likewise show that the excess of coffee drinking over tea drinking is nothing short of marvelous, in short they 'bear no comparison whatever. ITEMS OF INTERETS It is estimated that the corn crop of the present year will amount to 1,850,000,000 bushels. Between 22,000,000 and 24,000, --000 cans of '■French peas" have been packed in Indiana this year. A new trolley line between New York and Connecticut promises a regular run of sixty miles an hour outside of the city limits. Between London and Birming ham, England, 113 miles under ground telegraph cable is success fully used as a telephone circuit. The export and import business for the month of July on the part oi New York show an aggregate of $97,000,000, which was about $7, --200,000 more than the correspond ing month of 11)00. An engineer in England is of the opinion that he lias an apparatus, with which he can drive railroad cars at the rate of 110 miles an hour without danger to either the road or the passengers. According to one Prof. Marven burger the earth has jumped its or bit and is at present Hying around in space like unto a drunken man, which, he predicts, will result in the world coining to an end at an early date. While excavating at a country town in New York recently, the la borers struck a pool of water, from which enough eels were taken to supply the town with a mess. They were covered up many years ago, when the ground was being filled in to build on. The French tax on street signs "varies with the size of the offense." Last year added over $700,000 to the public treasury. In the United States vast street signs can shut out the air and the view and overwhelm everything in sight without paying a cent in taxation. Our trade with CJermany is stead ily increasing, as it amounted to $27,000,000 in 18T0, and $100,000,* 000 in 1901. While the exports from the United States have increas ed from $42,000,000 in 1870 to $181,000,000 in 1901. An English paper says that the English church contributes a little over $#,000,000 a year to missions, and the collection of this sum costs $129,000, administration of it cost* $79,000, and salaries to nineteen clergymen as assistant secretaries amount to $27,160. Statistics of the Odd Fellows for the year ending December 31, 1901, are as follows: Grand lodges, 56; grand encampments, 55; subordin ate lodges, 12,347; subordinate en campments. 2,683; Rebekah lodges. 5,605; lodge members, 944,372; en campment members, 135.209; Re bekah members (continent of North America only). 132,489 brothers, 218.914 sisters, total Bebekah mem bers in North America, 250,434; re lief ( continent of North America only), by lodges, $3,408^695.52; by encampments. 1 $265,802.46; total, $8,736,692.60; revenue (continent of North America only), of subordinate lodges, $8,989,063.5?; of encamp ments. $535,464.20; of Bebekah lodges, $497, 361.24: total, $10,121, --891.06. BROTHER IN BLACK i Under Critical Eye of Ob- j serving Men. I BORROWED THOUGHTS —— Wit I In. Walla's \ol»'«l \>Kru PioneerJ • In His'hly Honored and Respected By All Classes—Brief Sketch of , His Career in That City—Huh Ac " cumulated a Fortune and It* En s joyiiiK , It in His Old Age-Race Prejudice Hi* Evil GciUum .unit * Prejudice 'Great Annoyance to Him at One Time. Editor Seattle Republican: Wal la Walla is a beautiful little town that has attained its full growth. Its streets are as level as a floor, and on each ?ide of them stretch long lines of Lombardy poplars, which make them very picturesque. The public buildings are not very impos ing, and not one of them requires an elevator. The country around Walia Walla is remarkable for its dust—not gold dust, but ordinary road dust, six, eight and ten inches deep. It is rather unique to see the fanners subdue it by scattering along the roads layers of wheat straw. This is absolutely necessary, for in places the dust is so deep* that to pass through it is suffocating. To niv mind the most intressting and remarkable character in Walla Walla is not Levi Ankeny, but R. As Bogle. There is a clas^ of colored men who came up before our Civil War, who did not enjoy any of the privileges and advantages we enjoy today, and yet who had such force of icharacter and native ability that they have won the esteem of all their associates and achieved marked suc cess. Before all such men I fell like prostrating myself. Mr. Bogle be -1 longs to this class. In the early 50's Mr. Bogle went to New York, emi grated across the Western plains in a wagon train, and after a short stay in Oregon, settled in Walla Walla, where he has been for the last thirty odd years. He has engaged in min ing and barbering, and has accumu lated a handsome little fortune. He owns two beautiful residences on Knob Hill, the aristocratic part of the. eiiy. and has his home furnished with every convenience and comfort. He is an honored member of the Pioneer Club ,and has been invited to address that body at an early date on the early history of this county, and no man in Walla Walla is better able to do so. Mr. Bogle has a very retentive memory and relates his reminiscences in a vivid and fascin ating manner. He is a man of large and varied experience, and the story of his life as it falls from his lips sounds like a romance. lie was in New York city on the day of the passage of the fugitive slave Jaw, and he tells how a hotel in that city, which employed from sev enty-five to a hundred colored wait ers, was the next morning deserted and temporarily shut down because the waiters in a body immediately tied for Canada. He tells how he himself was approached by kidnap ers who, although he was a free born English subject, attempted to ab duct him and sell him into bondage. Mr. Bogle fell in with a white friend who took a fancy to the bright color ed lad and who invited him to em igrate with him to the far West. The colored boy showed such tact and executive ability that he was soon put in charge of the train. The con fidence reposed in him was not mis placed. When a large sum of money was stolen from his employer, Mr. Bogle detected the thief and recov ered the amount. In the early days of Walla Walla, the colored man here had a "hard row to hoe." Tt was almost impos sible for him to find lodging and board. Mr. Bogle was generous enough to give up his shop at night for that purpose. He has pointed out to me the tree from which one of the colored boys who used to sleep in his shop was taken out one night by the vigilance committee and hanged. Tn those days of law lessness conditions were somewhat a.s they now are in the South. Mr. Bo gle was often ordered by political bullies not to cast his vote, but he always did so in a dignified and firm manner and came off unharmed. One blackguard threw stones through every window in his house, when window panes were worth sev eral dollars apiece, and broke a cost ly mirror besides. Mr P>ogle asked the constable of the city to arrest the miscreant. He was met with I the reply: "I wouldn't arrest a white man for a nigger." At a recent elec tion that old-time constable ap proached Mr. Bogle and asked his support at the polls. Mr. Bogle re fused and the man was defeated. '"The mills of the gods grind sloyly, but they grind exceeding fine." Mr. Bogle is now in his seventies, and he bids fair to see many years to come. Although without the ad vanvantages of a liberal education, it would be hard to detect it; for he has all the polish and culture of a college-bred man, and he is a great reader and student of history. He is thoroguhly enlightened on all great public question of the day, and converses intelligently on al most any subject brought up for dis cussion. IFe has a large fund of common sense and sound judgment, with which an uneducated man may hope to succeed, but without which bright scholars often prove failures —and fool failures at that. If I were not in Walla Walla my self, I would like to donate Mr. Bo gle to Seattle, but I cannot spare him. EFftEXE TTARRTS. NEWS NOTES A. M. Sagar was fatally stabbed by Riley Small wood in Taeoma last Sunday. Both men had been drink ing heavily. The policing of Peking, the Chi nese capital, is no longer devolved upon foreign troops, but the Chinese themselves are performing the work, and thus far are giving jK-rfect satis faction to the allied powers. In the dispute between Turkey and France the sultan of Turkey is not receiving very much encourage ment from any of the European powers. Whenever appealed to they promptly reply, "Pay your honest debts." A flood in Cleveland, 0., last Sun day did damage to property valued in the millions of dollars, while a score or more persons lost their lives in the raging waters. The most of the city was under water during the; entire day. President and Mrs. William Me- Kinley visited the county fair ar Canton, 0., last Tuesday. The party left for Buffalo the same evening and were visitors at the Pan-Amer ican exposition on Wednesday. The constitutional con.^micii of Alabama has adopted the report of the committed on constitution by a vote of 132 to If. It will go into effect as boon as ratified by the peo ple, which will be almost unani mously done. At Nigyak station on the Great Northern railroad a collision be tween two trains occurred, which re sulted in thirty-six persons loosing their lives. The (lead are P, T. Downs, Kirk Downs, Henry Blair, and thirty-three Scandinavian la borers. A'ice President Roosevelt was ten dered a brilliant reception at St. Paul, where he visited the encamp ment of the Grand Army of the Re public. He was likewise tendered a reception in Chicago and other large cities which he passed through while en route to St. Paul. 1 The fighting strength of the lead ing nations of the world is summed up in the following tonnage of ships, building and to be built: England, 1,766,855; France, 781,065; Russia, 552,545; United States, 507,494; Germany, 458,482; Italy, 322,707; Japan, 251,498. •An express and passenger train was held up on the Cotton Belt road last Tuesday, and it is reported that the robbers, who must have been experienced trainmen and well acquainted with the affairs of that road, secured a large amount of booty, as a heavy goM shipment was made on that occasion. For the present fiscal year appro priations for naval affairs among the leading nations are as follows: England, $149,755,630, an increase of over $10,000,000 as compared with last year; France, $63,244,658; Russia, $50,005,297, an increase of over $5,000,000: Germany, $46, --822,732; Italy, $23, 703,595; Japan, $18,555,6333 and Spain, $3,860,000, to be devoted exclusively to ship building. It is reported that a eon! com bination is soon to be perfected, which will include all of the bitum inous coal eomapnies of Pennsylva nia, Ohio, Tidiana, Illinois, West Virginia and Kentucky. Wb.en per fected it will he tho largest combine in the world. The famous .T. P Morgan, who head* the Carnegie steel trust, will likewise head the coal combine when formed. REALM OF RELIGION Among the World's Christians and Quasi Christians. PECULIAR CUSTOMS Catholicism Fattl Becoming; Opposed '. to the Drink. Australasia Presbyterians Planning a Gigan tic Federation — Prosperity Re sponsible for Decrease in, Attend ance to Protestant Churches—An American Missionary Honored— ( nitariaiiism droHini; Rapidly. CATHOLICS FIGHTIXG DRINK. The Catholic Total Abstinence Union of America has recently clos ed a very interesting session at Hart ford Conn. This union consists of a membership of 85,000, and is said to be only one of many organizations that are now common to the Catho lic church. In former years it was considered out of the ordinary to hear temperance preached among the Irish Catholics, but more re cently Father Theobald Matthew administered the pledge to 150,000 persons in Cork in the short period of live months, all of which very conclusively shows that the temper ance cause is receiving much consid eration at the hands of the Irish Catholics, not only in this country but even in the fatherland. i'HKSIIIIEHIAVS ARK I'.MTIKU. The Presbyterians of Australia have agreed to form a union among themselves for the purpose of spreading the Christian faith in that part of the world through the Pres byterian church. The spirit of fed eration among the Presbyterians is not only prevalent in Australia, but it is likewise meeting with favor in .Mexico and other South American republics. It is also strong in In dia, where Presbyterian missionar ies have for many years done heroic work among the natives. The Pres byterians of Australia will meet in October, at which time a plan for federating the entire Presbyterian A>sociation in that section of the world will be laid before the conven tion and will doubtless reveice a hearty and unanimous approval. hi:i.k;io\ ami nosraim, An unexpected complaint in re ligious circles has just been reported, which complaint comes from the va rious churches of the larger cities of the country. In New York city dur ing the month of July the attend ance at all the Protestant churches did not exceed 5,000. When the reason was sought for this, it was de clared by those who seemed to know that it was all on account of the prosperous condition of the country, which gave the middle class suffi cient money to leave the city dur ing this month for an outing by the seaside or at some other resort. The truthfulness of this statement, how ever, is to some extent doubted and could only be verified by an increas ed attendance at the churches when the residents return to the city at the close of the summer season. If general prosperity caused a falling off in the pews at the churches dur ing the summer, it ought to cause an increased attendance in the churches during the winter, and if the Protestant churches do not re port this increase, it must follow that prosperity has had nothing to vlo with the decrease. AX \>IERICA\ ll(i\(IKi:i). King Edward VI IF. has conferred on Miss Abbie G. Chapin, of the American board of Peking, the royal Red Cross decoration for services rendered in the international hos pital during the siege of Peking. -Miss Chapin is one of America's most noted missionary workers and has been honored by American peo ple on more occasions than one for the part she played in the missionary fields of China. She is a most com mendable young woman, and no crown should be too bright and bril liant for her head as a reward for her labors in the missionary field. IXITARIAMSM GROWING. According to a statement just is sued by the president of the Amer ican Unitarian Association, com menting on the Unitarian year book, that religious body is growing very rapidly at present. It reports 458 Unitarian churches, 554 clergy and 32,500 families, who attend the Sunday schools of this church. Wliile the exact membership of the church is not given in this connec tion, nevertheless it states that it is very strong considering the opposi tion that the organization has met from other religious denominations, Price Five Cents and the time it has been in opera tions. The year book finds every thing for Unitarianism to feel en couraged over and nothing to feel discouraged at. POOR PREACHERS PLESTIFI 1,. Poverty among English clergy men seems to be gaining ground, for out of 14,000 benefices in the church more than 7,000 are worth less than $750 a year, and all of them are decreasing annually in val ue. About 1,500 benefices are worth only $500 a year, and less than $250 annually is the sum for 300 livings, which have recently been described ac more nearly starving for the un fortunates who are assigned to them. The preachers are few and far apart in this country who would consid er for a moment to living on $250 a year and maintaining a family, or even twice that amount:. It is barely possible that the extravagance so characteristic of America has in vaded the sacred sanctum of the preacher the same as it has the haunts of the politician and the so ciety swell, which explains w Thy they cannot live on so small an amount. VOITHKIL lIETECTIVKISM. Dr. Parkhurst's idea of enrolling Sunday school children into amateur detective bands for the purpose of cheeking the sale of liquor to min ors is not meeting with very general approval among the parents of the children. Distilled liquor is a mon ster of such hideous mem that to be hated the effects of it need but to be seen, and it is a well established fact that it is even worse than this when taken by minors, yet it seems a long step in the wrong direction to make detectives out of Sunday school chil dren, even if it is done to detect evil. The idea gives no evidence of prac ticableness, but strikes the average American citizen as both ridiculous and absurd. SI'OKTIXG I'ARSO.V TALKS. The English Sporting Parson, who rushed into print under this norn de plume, asks his readers the question, "whether gambling is real ly a sin," and without waiting for them to answer, he himself answers, which is to the effect that it is not. Not only does he declare that gam bling is not a sin, but he likewise says to drink wine and beer in mod eration is not a sin. lie admfts that he has made bets on his favorite horse flesh, which he would see on the turf at a Derby race, and admits doing many other things which are commonly termed sins by religion ists, for mere pastime. These things may not be sins, but they lead di rectly to sins, and the writer is in clined to believe that they are sins, and while they may be lesser sins, yet a sin is a sin and any part of it is a* injurious as the whole of it. Physicians have occasionally admin istered poison in small doses to counteract some other poison that was prevalent in the human body with good effects, and it is evidently on this theory that the "sporting parson" is reasoning. The following report of the as signments of the pastors of the A. M. E. conference of California has been taken from the San Francisco Outlook: Presiding elder, E. T. Cottman; conference evangelist, E. S. Lee; Santa Monica mission, E. D. Jones; Martinez mission, P. R. Green; Marysville, R. E. Arrington; Red Bluff, J. R. Dorsey; Bakersfield. J. F. Anderson; Pasadena, E. T. Hubbard; Riverside, C. Holford;. San Diego, Augustus Simpson; Sac ramento, Jonh Pointer; Oakland, 0. E. Jones; Los Angeles, J. E. Ed wards; San Francisco, F. E. Snelson; Stockton, R. H. Herring; missionary organizer, Mrs. E. T. Cottman. San Jose and Fresno, to be supplied. The annual conference held at Tacoma adjourned last Sunday and Bishop Sehaffer made the following appointments for the ensuing year: Seattle, Rev. M. Scott; Tacoma, Rev. S. J. Collins; Spokane, Rev. Paine; New Castle, Rev. N. D. Hartsfield; Roelyn, Rev. S. S. Free man; Portland, Rev. . Rev. Bailey was not given any charge, but has the general oversight of the work of the entire Northwest. The world consumes 8,250,000 tons of sugar annually, and of this amount the United States consumes 2,000,000 tons. In order to supply ' the demand United States nver chants are forced to purchase in the foreign markets every year $10,000, --000 worth of sugar. The Columbia, in a race with the Constitution, won out by a number of paces and she will defend the American cup in the coming race with Shamrock 11.