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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
Vol. VIII., No. 16 PASSING EVENTS Of Men and Things in the Public Mind. THE WEEKLY REVIEW GROWTH OF LIBRARIES. Public libraries are rapidly on the increase in this country and all be cause the reading public is taking such a keen interest in patronizing them. The appreciation shown by the general public of this age for visiting public libraries is quite marked in contrast to what it was a decade ago, and a most marvelous one from what it was, say fifty years ago. There are at present 5,383 li braries in this country, containing more than 1,000 volumes each; 3,878 - containing between 300 and 1,000 volumes each, and several thousnad containing less than 300 volumes each. There are at present 46,610, --509 volumes in all the libraries of this country, which is an increase over what it was five years ago of 12, --014,251. Speaking about the pub lic libraries calls to mind some of the princely sums that have been donat ed to this educational cause by An drew Carnegie. In 1889 Mr. Car negie gave $3,503,500 to thirty-four libraries. In 1900 he gave $645,000 to nineteen libraries. During the present year he has given $12,148, --506 to eighty-six libraries, and all making a grand total of $16,297,000 given to 139 libraries since he has begun donating to the public libra ries. WOMEN AS BENEFACTORS, As a general thing women are said to be far more penurious, when it comes to making either charitable philanthropic or public donations, than men. While, perhaps, this is applicable to a majority of the wom en, yet women as public benefactors have made quite a reputation in this country of late years. According to the records of the past year, out of $63,000,000 given by wealthy Amer icans to art, education, religion and charity, fully $10,000,000 of this amount was given by women. The wealth of the nation is generally in the hands of the men, hence it is impossible for women to give as lav ishly as do the men, but in propor tion to the amount they handle, it will be readily seen that they give more extensively than do the men. Some of the gifts recently made by wealthy American women for bene ficiary causes may be gleaned from the following: Mrs. Joseph L. New comb, of New York, to Tulane uni versity, $3,000,000; Mrs. P. D. Ar mour, of Chicago, to Armour insti tute, $1,250,000; Mrs. Edna J. Mc- Pherson, of Newark, N. J., to Yale college, $750,000; Mrs. 11. R. Sehley and Mrs. R. P. Flower, of New York, jointly, to the town of Watertown, N. V., $500,000; Miss Helen Gould, of New York, to various charities, $100,000; Mrs. Vaughn Marquis, of Ashland, Wis., to religion, $300,000; Mrs. J. F. Ryan, of New York, to re ligion, $250,000; Mrs. Eugene Kelly, of Buffalo, to religion, $250,000; Mrs. Emmons Blame and Mrs. Cy rus McCormick, to the University of Chicago, $250,000; Mrs. A. S. Green spau, of Topeka, Kan., to various charities, $200,000; Mrs. Louise Se bor, of Middletown, Conn., to reli gion, $175,000; Mrs. Margaret J. Bennett of Baltimore, to various charities, $150,000; Mrs. Mary Shan non, of Newton, Mass., to various colleges, $123,500; Mrs. G. S. Bur bank, of Fitchburg, Mass., to various 'charities, $120,000 and Mrs. F. H. Alms, of Cincinnati, to the Univer sity of Cincinnati, $100,000. IHRLAM) AND SCOTLAND. According to the census returns recently taken by the British govern ment the population of Scotland for the past sixty years has been steadily increasing, while during the same time the population of Ireland has been as steadily decreasing. The fig- Dim sent out by the census bureau for the two countries are as follows: Year. Population. 1841 8,197,000 lfisl 6.574,271 IS6I , 5.798,967 1871 5,412,377 18*1 5,174,836 1891! 4,704,750 1901 4,456,546 Tn contrast with the above table the following record shows how the population of Scotland has been steadily climbing from decade to decade: Year. Population. 1841 3,620,000 1851 2,888,742 1861 3,062,294 1871 3,360,018 1881 3,735,573 1891 4,025,647 j 1901 4,171,957 GIGAXTIC OCEAN STE \>IEHS. Great ocean crafts have not been very extensively built since the fail ure of the Great Eastern, which was floated in 1865, to accomplish what its promoters expected it would do. Recently, however, the Celtic, a mon strous vessel belonging to the While Star line, has been floated and it is now the largest vessel that is sailing the ocean. In length she is 700 feet. Her registered tonnage.is 20,880 tons and her speed is seventeen knots per jhour. The Celtic is both larger and heavier than the Great Eastern and unlike the (treat Eastern she is not unseaworthy, but sails the ocena with perfect ease. Her engines consume 260 tons of coal per day and she can furnish accommodations for 2,859 passengers. The steamer next in size to the Celtic at present is the Ocean ic, which registers 17,271 tons, and next in size to this is the Kaiser Wil helm der Grosse, which registers 14, --349 tons. It is now predicted by sen faring men that the time will yet come when 5,000 persons can com fortably cross the ocean in one steamer. HE VOTED AVROXCJ. In a lonely as well as lowly little home near Albuqurque, New Mexi co, lives Edwin G. Ross, who was at one time United States senator from Kansas, and who enjoys the distinc tion, if such a distinction can be en joyed, of being the man who saved President Andrew Johnson from be ing impeached. One vote more would have impeached Mr. Johnson arid he would have been driven from the White House in public disgrace, a thing which has never been done as yet to any president of the United States. Senator Ross was an enthus iastic Abe Lincoln Republican, and differed most widely from President i Johnson in his reconstruction ideas, but when the president was put on trial Ross took no part in the discus he intended to weigh the evidence, j and, if in his opinion, the trial of the president was a political one, and not a judicial one, he would not vote for impeachment. He kept his word, and at the supreme moment he cast his vote with the Democrats and sav ed Mr. Johnson from being impeach ed. For this he was hooted and jeer ed at by the entire Republican party, and in many instances by all patriot ic men in the North. From that time on the unforgiving public pointed the finger of scorn at him wherever he went and wherever he appeared, either in public or in pri vate. His term expired as United States senator, and he left Washing ton city the most despised man that ever filled such an honored position. Returning to Kansas he found his welcome there an iceberg. He found it impossible to engage in any bus iness and he a success at it, for he I was pointed out as an even worse traitor to the country than had An drew Johnson himself proved to be. Tiring of the cold reception that he received wherever he went in his adopted state, Kansas, he cast his lot in the territory of New Mexico and took up again his old trade, a printer, at which he worked for many years, barely keeping the wolf from the door. Subsequently he was appointed governor of the terri tory by President Cleveland, which term of office he served 1 out, but on retiring therefrom he engaged in the printing business again, and until re cently he has followed that trade de spite of his age and decrepit ness. Fi nally he sold his plant and bought him a mere hovel for a home in the suburbs of the city of Alhuqurque. and now surrounded by a couple of pet dogs, a few chickens and some pigs, he spends the closing hours of his eventful life in absolute lonli ness. It is said he still seems to see and hear the corn and derision her alded at him by the general public for voting as he did, but he still clings to the idea that he voted justly and correctly and that Johnson did not deserve being branded as a criminal, as the senate at that time wished to do. Since his departure from Kan sas he has been a Democrat in poli ties, and still continues in that faith, not that he believes in Democracy, but because he, was spurned by the Republicans. The lot of the wander ing Jew must be nothing in compar ison with the lot of this man, which lot he has been forced to live since he cast that fatal vote to sus tain the policy of Andrew Johnson. Your sins will surely find you out. The' sins of your ; fathers shall be visited to the third SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1901 ! and fourth generations and they will ever abide with you. Death to this man should be warmly welcomed as a relief from his sufferings. ALASKA'S HIG BEARS. Dr. William Lord Smith, of Bos ton, has recently returned from the Kadiak islands on the Alaskan coast, where he has been bear hunting for some time. lie was successful in capturing two splendid specimens of the Kadiak hear weighing over 600 pounds each, and he claims that though it resembles the Eocky mountain grizzly, it is by no means a species of that tribe. He learned from the natives that the hears there grow to an immense size, some of them attaining 2,000 pounds in weight, but this he was, not able to verify, and believes that 1,200 is the largest that has been taken by anyone from there. He claims that the bears are quite numerous there and live by fishing in the various streams, which streams are generally very narrow and quite full of salmon. The streams are so narrow and the salmon are so plentiful that the bears can readily pick them out of the wa ter while standing on the shore. CIVIL SEIIVICE SI CCESS. According to the Seventh Annual Report of the civil service commis sion, during the past year 46,763 per sons were examined, of which 35,025 passed. Of the number passed, 34, --173 were for appointments to the service', of which !>,889 were appoint ed. This was the largest number ev er appointed to the classified service tiirough examination in any single year. The work of the civil service commission of this country is to be commended by all good citizens, and while it has not reached that state of perfection that many of us hope to see it do, it is nevertheless giving much evidence of gradually growing up io that point, when it will be im possible for anyone to work for the government unless they pass a rigid examination for any position they may seek. Political pull frequently' gets in its work even at this late day, but it is fast losing its prestige and power and the sooner it is completely gone the better for the entire coun try. .Judge Taft is instituting civil service in the Philippine islands and it will be impossible for any party to dump its worn-out politicians on these islands in the future, as the va rious positions to be filled in the cler ical department will be filled with sion one way or the other, but said persons taken from the eligible lists' who have successfully passed the re quired examinations. PExsioxs m,nra i p. It will be news to a great many persons, and it is surmised, even to many of the old soldiers themselves, to learn that this government has paid out on pension accounts $2, --763,350,000, of which amount $2, --666,904,589 has been paid since the close of the Civil War. There never were so many names upon the pen sion rolls of this country as at pres ent, as the books when made up, July 30, showed a total of 997,735 persons. Of this number 8,655 were survivors of the wars prior to 1861, and 13,12 1 were widows of men who participated in such conflicts. The invalid pension list adds about 739, --994, and the widows' roll one-third as many, 249,086. The net gain to the list during the year was 4,206, though decrease by death was 28, --153. On June HO, there were still ponding examination 403,569 appli cations, of which 228,534 were claim ants for an increase of pensions al ready on the pension roll. There are ••!:'..:>:;■? applications from claimants on account of service in the Spanish w;ir. There were 58,373 applications made during the year. This is, per haps, the largest pension roll of any nation in the world,.and by far the most expensive. ( A\\l)A SHOWS SLOWLY. The census recently taken of Can ada has developed the fact that the Canadian government is increasing in population very slow ly. For the past ten years the reg istered gain in that country has only been 505,644, or 10.46 per cent. More perceptible growth has been seen in Columbia, Manitoba, while in English Canada, Ontario, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia the pop ulation is nearly stationary. The slight increase in population throughout Canada is rather discour aging to those who had hoped to see it become a strong rival to the Unit ed States, and it strengthens the long cherished hopes of friends of the I'nited States as well as the citizens in general of this country that the time is not far distant when the Monroe doctrine and the Monroe government will cover not only all Canada, hut all of the American con tinent. BROTHER i IN BLACK Under Critical Eye of Ob serving Men. BORROWED THOUGHTS INDUSTRIES GOING SOUTH. A rather peculiar condition of af fairs is being brought about by the 1 gigantic labor strikes of this country, 1 and a condition that bares closer in vestigation than the average citizen is inclined to give it. Though the i present steel strike has been the most | gigantic since the A. It. TJ. strike in 1893, which practically tied up every railroad in the country, yet upon close examination it will be found that the present strike does not ex jtend to the Southern states. Com menting on this very fact, Frank Leslie's Weekly thinks that the Northern states and financiers are confronting a problem which it be hooves them to give more than a passing consideration. It labors un der the belief that the cause for there being no strikes in the South, lies in the fact that organized labor has op posed fraternizing with the colored man, and though the colored man is not extensively employed in the in dustrial works of the South, yet he stands ready to take the strikers' place in case he gets an opportunity and organized labor realizing that if its members ever refuse to go to work in the South their places will be filled for all time to come with colored help, that very help it has so stren uously opposed from time to time. It will thus be seen that the South, owing to the fact that it has so many colored men in it who are struggling to become industrial workers instead of common laborers, will soon prove a splendid field for operation of ma chine shops, manufactures, and other industrial works. If organized labor does not take a cue from this it will soon find that it km killed the hen that laid the golden egg, and has placed in its enemies' hands—organ ized capital—a most powerful wea pon, which weapon it will most ef fectually use to the detriment of or ganized labor by moving their plants to the laborer instead of taking the laborer to the plants. \i:«;uu m six ess mcx. Commenting upon the report of the Negro Business League which was recently held in the city of Chi cago the Atlanta Constitution gloats over the fact that the most of the business men who took an active part in the convention were men from the South. There is no denying this fact and there is no desire to deny it; in fact, it is to be commended rather than jeered at. The only thing that the average Negro in the North has to say on this point, is there should be more than there are. There are more colored folk in the state of Mississippi alone than there are in all of the states north of Ma son and Dixon's line, and why should the bulk of the business colered men not come from the South? In many of the Northern states colored men can be found connected with most excellent business concerns, even as owners and managers, when in tiiat immediate community there are not a thousand colored families all told, and perhaps not five in the thousand who patronize this colored industry. Now, if the Southern colored man cannot do business with his own peo ple, then who in heaven's name does he expect to do business with? Both the whites and the blacks down there do business from a racial standpoint, but in the North it is the man who attends to his knitting that is suc cessful, whether such business man be white or black. XEW MASOXIC FRATRRXITV. A new branch in Masonry ha? re cently been organized in the United States among the colored folk, which 18 known as the National Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted York Masons. This branch of Masonry was incorporated the Slat day of August last, and the ineorporaton wore Captain W. P. Matthews, John W. Childers. Oliver B. Jones, George W. Pinkard and Robert McFarland. There has been quite a dispute I among colored Mason? for a good many years as to which faction repre sented true Masonry. There is also a dispute between white and colored Masons as to whether either one of j the factions represented true Mason- j ry, but this, however, has almost been practically settled, as the white Masons now acknowledge that the Prince Hall Masons represent pure 1 | Masonry, while the York rite, which has been represented by Captain Matthews and 1 others of this country -for some years, is fake Masonry. j Whether this be true,or not, The Re- I publican is unable to say. but there is no doubt but that it means war to the knife between the two j branches of colored Masonry in this country in the forming of this new organization. HE KILLED AKEGRO. Not many days ago a prominent white man in the state of Alabama was sentenced to life imprisonment for participating in lynching a ■col ored man in that community. This, perhaps, is the first case of its kind in the history of the United States where a white man has been punish ed in one of the Southern states for taking any part in lynching a Negro, whether he be. guilty or innocent. This conviction on the part of the I courts of Alabama is deserving of special consideration, from the fact that the constitutional convention is now in session in that state with a view of disfranchising^ the colored people, both those that cannot and those that can read and write. In fact, it is the intention of the con vention to disfranchise every black man in the state of Alabama, but in the meantime it has taken steps to protect him from being mobbed/ lynched and killed. HOW XKtiROES are m pud. While the newspapers East and West are discussing a few sporadic cases of lawlessness in the South, in which guilty colored men are vic tims, the Constitution would direct their attention to other outrages up on the race,, more infamous in that they are practiced upon the trust ing and confiding,-Mho are duped and led astray. A Georgia detective became pos sessed of a circular, bearing upon its face such evidences of regularity, that he did not pause to consider its origin. It was issued by what was styled "The International Council of the World," from the chief office in Seattle, state of Washington, a reg ularly chartered institution. It rep resented itself as having been organ ized to suppress lynching, and other forms of lawlessness toward colored people; that it had on hand a large sum of money, and was prepared to pay out $500 apiece for the arrest of violators of the peace of the colored people. Quite incidentally it was mentioned that others, desiring to aid in this laudable work, could ob tain membership by forwarding cer tain sums of money to the chief of fiice in Seattle. The detective was at the time en gaged in a work along this line, prompetd by a reward offered by the state. lie redoubled his- energy, spent an amount equal to what he would have gotten from the state, and succeeded in sending seven white men to the penitentiary. Then he proceeded to locate the Interna tional Council of the World, but without result. Finally the Consti tution was called into play, and it is to the result of the investigation thus set on foot in Seattle that we would direct the attention of the press abroad. The dispatch said that the council is an incorporated society of colored people, with a horse doctor named Samuel Burdett for president and a former bootblack for secretary. As to the details of the business, the president vouchsafed the informa tion that the council had "a beauti ful ritual * * * which forbids our disclosing any of the details. I will say, however, that we have con tributing members who send in per iodically dues in the South, the North and the West." Thus the scheme was fully exposed. The fur ther information and over 3,000 let ters had been received, disclosed ho\> •veil the dragnet of - collecting was working.—Atlanta- Constitution, - Mr. C. T. Conover, of this city, shows a patriotic spirit that is worthy of universal commendation on the part of the American people in his advocacy 'of a McKinley Thanksgiving hospital somewhere in the central portion of the United States in honor of the restoration of the president to health, as now seems evident. We quite agree with the promoter,-Mr. Conover, that it is a scheme .that the rich and the poor, the white and the black, the Jew and the gentile, can all cheerfully con tribute to, and we further agree with him that they all will cheerful ly and willingly do so as far as they are able. We trust that the proposi tion will meet favor throughout the i entire length and breadth of the United States and that it will as sume a definite shape, and that the project will soon be an actuality in ! stead of a theory. REALM OF RELIGION Among the World's Christians and Quasi Christians. PECULIAR CUSTOMS ■' FILIPINOS TIUXIMi INFIDKLS. From the London Spectator it is learned that the natives of the Phil ippine islands are rapidly renouncing Catholicism, and it is likewise learn ed from the same source that the na tives are becoming indifferent as to all forms of religion. If this state of affairs does exist it is to lie seriously regretted. Such is usually the case when one feels that they have been deceived by any form of religion they at once renounce all forms of it and become infidels instead. There is no doubt but what Catholicism has been a great drawback to the pros perity of the Philippine islands and it has kept the people largely in an ignorant state, and it is no more than could be expected when the natives found out that they had been de ceived through the guise of some form of religion, to renounce all forms of religion, on becoming cognizant of the fact that they have been deceived. If Protestantism, therefore, expects to make any head way on these islands it will have to make haste slowly by teaching the natives that Protestantism, like Re publicanism, means absolute free dom so long as one stays in the bounds of common sense law. If this course is followed Protestantism will be accepted by those persons even more strongly than they ever accept ed Catholoeism. i'rk.\(him; \\i) rKAcncnve. Recently a socialist pamphlet wa? sent out, which took for its text, '•Proofs from their own Bible and from common sense that all rich men and most clergymen are frauds and imposters, because they profess to be lieve what they do not practice." In this statement socialism is just as radically wrong as it is in all of its other statements, political and other wise. Socialism pretends to believe that the fundamental principles of this government are all wrong, that we are trying to reach the goal by going in the wrong direction. The average person of this country, whe ther he be inclined to religion or not, does not believe that the clergymen preach something that they do not practice. Most clergymen in this country and in all other Christian countries live a devout, straightfor ward, upright life, and when they do not do so they at once lose all influ ence in the community in which they live. They cease to draw congrega tions and are without sympathy from the communicants of their parish oners. To charge that rich men be come criminals no sooner than they are aware of the fact that they are. is but the contorted imagination of a criminal lira in. such as only social ists can advocate. WANT I'KRI'KTI VI, PF.A<K. The thirty-fourth annual conven tion of the Connecticut Peace Union concluded its meetings August 17th, and adopted a inumber of resolutions which run as follows: ''That the press league be asked to scatter abroad peace literature.*' ''That peace principals be taught in all the schools,and military drills be eliminated." "That overtures be made for the settlement of the steel strike." "That the United States set a good example by offering to arbitrate all existing troubles between nation?/' "That an increase in army and na vy be disapproved." "That a message be sent to Pres ident McKinley asking him'to ap point a chief of the state department to investigate the best ways to reach the goal of pacification through ar bitration of all internal troubles." "That all previous convictions be reaffirmed." Quito a wholesale lot of resolutions are these and all quite commendable on the part of the peace convention. Let there be peace, and in this it is more than likely that all men, re gardless of their color and national ity, will join in one happy strain, until "peace like a river attendenfh our way." CHINA WANTS MISSION VIUKS. It will lie news to most of the peo ple of this country to learn from George 8. Minor, a missionary who has recently returned from China, that during the late Boxer uprisings in that country fully 30,000 Chris tian natives died for their religion. This has made such an impression Price Five Cents I upon the minds of the Chinese peo ple that he thinks this to be the most opportune time to fill the country up with missionaries, that the gospel might be spread in every quarter and section of that vast empire. Dr. Mi ner is of the opinion that ordinarily speaking, the Chinaman has no fear of dying, but for them to die for re ligion is something new to them, and it has made a lasting impression upon the minds of those who still cling to the doctrines of Confucius. which impression has forced them into the belief that the Chirstian re ligion is something more than a no tion. ITEMS OF INTERETS BIG EDITOR, BIG EATER. Henry Watterson, the great Southern editor, whose home is in . Louisville, Ivy., is said to be the most i ravenous eater of any man in the United States, especially any man of public note. It is said of him that he at one time participated in a ban quet where a most excellent repast was served to those present, of which Watterson ate as though he had been starving himself for the occasion. The banquet, however, came to an end at a late hour of the night, and Mr. Watterson at once left for his office to begin his night's work. lie had not been in his office long when he complained to his associate, who was also at the banquet, that he was hungry, whereupon they retired to a neighboring restaurant, and the colonel ordered two pounds of cheese, half of an immense bologna sausage, six bottles of beer and dif ferent kinds of salads, and devoured every particle thereof. He returned to his office, and it is said that it was on that night that he wrote his "Star Eyed Goddess" editorial, which was copied all over the United States and even out of the United States by most every paper of any circulation. There is no doubt but that this edi torial was the most widely copied ed itorial of any that was ever written by an editor, and copied in more lan guages than any other that was ever published. Mr. Watterson is classed as one of the nation's most profound editorial writers, and. whatever he says is said so clearly and concisely that whether you agree with it or not you are compelled to read it. Great Britain imports one-third of all the food her citizens consume. Holland is the only country in Eu rope that admits coffee free of duty. According to reports/ Ireland an nually produces $60,000 worth of honey. In the town of Xasso, Sweden, there is a female contingent in'the fire brigade. At present the city of London is consuming more than 4,00 tons of, ice per day. , ■■ j The ila.v culture in Ireland is de creasing. The decline in acreage was from 229,178 acres in 1870 to 75, --000 acres at the present time. j Though this is an automobile age, yet eighty-seven carriage horese were sold in New York city the other day for an average of $1,000 each. Vice President Roosevelt has con sented to write a history cfc the "bought Riders,-' for the roster of the New Mexico volunteers in the Spanish war. Potatoes, which have heretofore ,only been grown under ground, are now being produced like fruit rom the stem of the plant and the flavor j of such fruit is said to be better than the tuber. Los Angeles shows the most rapid gain in population for the past ten years. The town was settled in 1871 by Spaniards. It gained 350 per cent, in population between 1880 and 1890 and 100 per cent, between 1890 and 1900. A sign in one of the largest li braries in Oxford, England, reads: "Women and dogs not admitted here." This notice, however, is not lived up to at present and is merely allowed to hang in its place to show the change that has taken place. According to geographers, if the sea were emptied of its water, and then all the rivers of the earth were to pour their present floods into the vacant space allowing nothing for evaporation, it would require 40,000 years to fill up the vacuum. The European dog census has been completed and shows the fol lowing: France, 2,864,000 dogs; Germany, 2,200,000; Russia, 1,500, --000; Turkey, 350,000; France has seventy-five dogs to every 1,000 per sons; Ireland, seventy-three; Eng land, thirty-eight; Germany, thirty one, and Sweden, eleven.