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The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
Vol. VIII., No. 25 PASSING EVENTS Of Men and Things in the Public Mind. The passing of Li Hung Chang, the noted Chinese statesman and diplomat, is one tliat the entire world may seriously regret. He was truly a diplomat, and no nation, whether Christian or otherwise, could boast of a stateman with more diplomacy than he. He successfully parleyed with the statesmen of other nations in their demands for re dress from the Chinese government for some breach of faith or promise that the Chinese had broken, and in the end always landed his country's best interests right side up with care. Frequently jealousy prompted the Chinese officials to curtail Li Hung Chang's power and authority, but this was no sooner done than it was felt in official circles,, and he was at once restored to full power. There may be other Chinamen equally well fitted for the position held by Li Hung Chang as he, but it is seri ously doubted. He was honored and respected wherever, men directed a form of government, whether such be heathen, semi-heathen or civil ized. He was received with marked honors by United States officials and at all the European courts, which of itself made him the most notable as well as distinguished Chinaman of the Orient. But a short time ago much was being said by the press of the United States of there, no longer being any South, any North, any Fast or any AVest, but time had healed all the sectional differences in this country and there was but one flag and one nation. More recent developments, however, prove the contrary, and it seems at present that the old sec tional strife of the United States has broken out afresh and that the South is doomed to be proscribed equally as bad as it was years ago. For this state of affairs the South is itself responsible, for it has allowed its law-breakers to conduct things in such a high-handed way as to again bring down the wrath of the Xorth upon its head, and if she is not very careful the coming congress will strip her of further power and pres tige by cutting down its number of representatives from the states of that section. This must be the out come of the controversy that is now coming on between the Xorth and the South. While the Xorth does not seem to oppose the Souths de termined efforts of disfranchising a number of its citizens, it does seem determined to prevent it from hav ing representation for those disfran chised citizens, and this is of more vital interest to the South than the right of every man in that section to vote as suits him best, regardless of his color or condition. Arizona's hope to become a state and thus throw off its swaddling territorial clothes seems not to be an idle dream after all, for she has made considerable progress in the way of gaining population since she was first organized as a territory. According to the census in 1870 her population was 9,658; in 1880 it was 40,400; in 1890 it was 59,620; and in 1900 it was 122,931. In compar ison with Wyoming and Nevada, Arizona at present has a greater number of persons within its con fines than has Wyoming, and it has three times as many as has Nevada. Quite a stream of immigrants is now flowing into the territory for some reason, whilch will gve it before the present congress adjourns not less than 200,000 persons, which is quite a sufficient number to warrant con gress to admitting it into the sister hood of states .even though it should come in as a sure Democratic state Speaking about the present strained relations between the Xorth and the South over the race ques tion calls to mind that, though the war is over, and a good many years have elapsed since th&l time, and the president of the confederacy long .since dead, there remains but one member of the famous cabinet that was associated with Jefferson Davis when he was at the head of the con federate government. The cabinet, which was organized in 1861, con sisted of Robert Toombfi, secretary of state: Charles G. Memminger, sec retary of the treasury. L. Pope Walker, secretary of war; S. R. Mal lory, secretary of the navy; John H. Reagan, postmaster general, and Judah P. Benjamin, attorney gen eral. All of those cabinet officers have since died excepting Mr. Rea gan, who is still a power in Texas politics. For years after the war he served in both branches of congress i witli singular honor and ability. He 1 resigned his position as United States senator to accept a more lu crative position as railroad commis sioner in the state of Texas, and was succeeded as United States senator by Joe Bailey, a young politician of that state. Mr. Reagan is quite a historic character at present, and at tracts public attention wherever he goes, lie was prominent in public | affairs with William R. Morrison, | the noted free trader; Richard P. Bland, the noted free coiner, and was a great admirer of Henry W. Grady and others of the South. It can be well said of the man that he was a zealous, resolute and powerful fighter, but was always on the wrong side of every public question. According to a correspondent in one of the Eastern journals the de cadence of the genuine Creole in Louisiana is quite apparent, and the day is not far distant when not a single trace of this beautiful speci men of humanity will be found in the United States. The term "Cre ole" is misunderstood by a great many more persons than ever under stand it, for, according to the ver sions of most people of the United States, the Creole is a mixture of French white persons and American colored persons with the white blood greatly predominating. This is a mistake pure and simple. Per sons with such a mixture are gener ally whiter by a number of shades than the genuine Creole, which is a mixture of pure French and pure Spanish. The history of the Creole is as follows: When the Spanish government purchased the Louisiana territory from the French govern ment the Spanish authorities at home induced hundreds and thou sands of her young women to mi grate to the new territory, and they married indiscriminately French and Spanish gentlemen, and the mixture of the two produced a very dark bru nette, which was termed Creole. In some instances this mixture of race? was further mixed with Indians, and some of the English lexicons at pres ent give as a definition for Creole, a mixture of French, Spanish and In dian races. Xorthern persons not acquainted with the situation and condition of affairs called persons with Xegro and French blood in their veins, and who were able to speak French, "Creoles,"' and to this day they are so styled wherever they appear, and especially if they are able to jabber what is commonly known in Louisiana as "gumbo French." The latest reports show that the corn crop of the United States this year will be only 1,500,000,000 hush els, but that it will exceed in value the crop of any previous year, ex cept that of last year. The wheat crop represents a greater value to the farmers than any previous crop. With one exception, the same is true of the oat crop, the potato crop, the cotton crop and the hay crop. What ever the volume in bushels or bales or tons, the value is greater than in any previous year. Noting this fact, the Orange Judd Farmer of October li) publishes laities to show farmers' profits, not only in staple crops but in live stock and live-stock products. Butter, cheese, milk, hogs and sheep are all selling at high prices, while horses are improving in value. One of the published tables shows that for the last five years cereal crops in the United States made a value of $6,245, 000,000, as compared with $5,282.(100,000 during the five years of agricultural depression ending with 1896. The annual average value of cows, cattle, hogs and sheep for the last five years has been $345, --000,000 more than for the previous five 1 years. The wheat crop of 1901 is given a value of $473,000,000; the crop of 1900, $324,000,000; of 1899, $320, --000,000: of 1898, $393,000,000; of 1897, $428,000,000—a total of $1,938,000,000 for the five years. The corn crop of 1901 had a value of $720,000,000; of 1900, $751,000, --000; of 1899, $629,000,000; of 1898, $552,000,000; of 1897, $501,000,000 —a total for the five years of $3,153, --000,000. Of the staples, wheat is the only crop of a lower value per bushel now than in 1896, but the production of wheat is so much larger that the total value of the crop is $130,000, --000 more than in 1896. Corn is worth per bushel more than twice what it was in 1896, making our short crop of 1,500,000.000 bushels this year worth $232,000,000 more than "the crop of 1896. From the treasury report the fol lowing items will prove of rare inter est to the reading public : The net : | revenues for the year were $587, --; 685,337, an increase of $20,444,482 i over those of 1900. The expendi SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER Is, 1901 ! tares for the year were $509,967,353, I which figures have not been ex ceeded but four times before in the j history of the government, which were in 1863, 1864, 1865 and 1899. The gold in the treasury consists of the reserve security certificates, and the sum in the general fund is $542, --822,849, the highest in the history of the country. Extracts from the annual report : of the superintendent of the mail service will prove of incalculable in terest to all interested in our great mail service. "At the close of the year there were 138 full railway postoffice lines, 1,102 apartment-car lines, 1!) electric and cable lines, and 41 steamboat lines in operation. The total mileage of railway, steam boat, electric and cable lines covered Iby railway postoffice service was 182,154. The pieces of mail matter handled, exclusive of registered i matter, were 14,181,224,420, an in crease of 2.81 per cent, over last year. The number of errors in dis tribution was one to every 10,626 pieces. There were 17,198,995 pieces of mail matter illegibly ad dressed, so as to require special at tention before delivery could be ef fected, an increase of over 2,500,000 over last year. There were during the year 825 casualties, in which seven clerks were killed, sixty-three seriously injured, and 229 slightly injured. This is the largest number of casualties ever recorded in one year in the history of the service. Since the annexation of Hawaii the immigration of unskilled labor ers has practically ceased and many of the Chinese and Japanese have returned to their former countries. I Between June 1 !. 1900, and August | 31, 1901, 4,079 Japanese have left the territory, while only 589 have arrived. This has caused a strin gency in the labor markets. The Anglo-Saxon race has not proved a success as Laborers on the sugar plan tations, and owing to the Chinese and .Japanese leaving the islands the planters are placed in a bad condi tion, and for relief from such a con dition they are appealing to congress for special legislation favorable to the industrial growth of the islands. The complete census report of the Indians of the United States shows the following: There are 266,760 Indians in the United States, includ ing Alaska. There were 273,000 in 1900, 350,000 in 1870, and 410,000 in 1850, after the annexation of California and Xew Mexico. This shows considerable loss among the Indians, but it has been the wild In dian tribes that have lost the greatest j number. In 1890 Indian Territory had an Indian population of 51,279 and 52,500 in 1900. Alaska in 1890 had an Indian population of 25,354 and 29,536 in 1900. In 1890 there were 29,98] Indians in Arizona, 26, --180 in 1900. California has an In dian population of 15,377. New Mexico. 13,144; Oklahoma, 13,167; South Dakota. 20,225; the state of Washington. 10,039, and Montana, 11,344. In 1890 Nebraska had 6,431 Indians and in 1900 3,322. Kansas in 1890 had 1.682 and 2.130 in 1900. Colorado had in 1892 1,092 and 1,437 in 1900. In 1890 Michigan showed an Indian population of 5,625 and 6,354 in 1900. In 1890 Minnesota had 1,096 Indians and 9,182 in 1900. There was a slight increase in the Indian population in Nevada over the IS9O census, and the 1900 census shows an increase of twenty in the state of Oregon. There were 800 more Indians in Utah in 1900 than there were in 1890, and 1,600 more in Wisconsin in 1900 than there were in 1890. while Wyoming showed 150 more. Florida had X 1 Indians in 1890 and 358 in 1900. Illinois had 98 in 1890 and only 16 in 1900. Indiana had 343 in 1890 and 213 in 1900. lowa reported 457 in 1890 and 382 in 1900. Maryland had 44 in 1890 and only three in 1900. Massachusetts bad 248 in 1892, 587 in 1900. Miss issippi had 128 in 1890 and 131 in 1900. Xew York had 6,044 in 1890 and 5,257 in 1900. Xorth Car olina had 1,516 in 1890 and 1,687 in 1900. Virginia has an increase of five more Indians than she had ten years ago; Maine, 229. Delaware had four Indians in 1890 and nine in 1900. Alabama had 1,143 in 1890 and only 170 in 1900. From Paymaster General Bates' annual report it is learned that the pay for the army for the last year was $53,215,345, which is an in crease of $1,301,364 over the previ ous year. From the annual report of Com missioner Herman it is learned that 15,562,796 acres of public land were disposed of during the last fiscal year, an increase of 2,108,988 over the previous year. The net surplus of the entire land and forest demon strations are $3,458,442. BROTHER IN BLACK Under Critical Eye of Ob serving Men. Henry Watterson's promise to the Democrats, if elected president he would have no "coons"' to dine with him, is not very much of a promise after all, for he has no more show of ever being president than the "coon" who has already been entertained at dinner by tin 1 president of the Unit ed States. Joel Chandler Harris, who makes the assertion that the only differ ence between a Xegro preacher and a Xegro politician is simply the cut of the coat, has probably never run up against a genuine Xegro poli tician or he would not make use of such an assertion. The Xegro preacher for a general thing takes no conspicuous part in politics, and therefore bears no comparison what ever to the Negro politician. For one Xegro to abuse another because the latter prefers to run a Democratic paper to that of a Re publican [taper shows how weak and narrow-minded the accusing Xegro really is. Such a man is unworthy to run any kind of a paper for any race or any class of citizens. This is a free country, where every one has the right to run any kind of paper he likes. In the allotment of claims in the Indian Territory, which took place last August, the following is a par tial list of the numbers of colored persons who drew homes in that al lotment : ('anadian county IG, Cleve land 1<», Pottawatomie 8, Custer 2, Dewey 4. Day 2, Blame 22, Lincoln is. Noble li;, Payne (i, Oklahoma 23, Garfield 2J, Logan 65, King fisher 35, Wood 4. Total for Okla homa, 284. According to the Indianapolis Journal, the wife of Richard M. Johnson, who was vice president when Mr. Van Buren was president, was a colored woman, which is a bit of history that is not generally known, but it must be true, for the Journal is noted for its accuracy as well as truthfulness. It would thus seem that Mr. Washington is not the first colored person who has dined at the White House after all. Send the news to Tillman. Social equality between the white and the black races of this country is not courted by either of them, for they both know that those things will generally shape themselves, and when people learn to let other per sons manage their own affairs and! associate with whomever they please then there will be less trouble about social equality in this country. Unless the South be very, very careful it will fail into the hands of! such demagogues as lien Tillman, who has ]io idea of public life and, public questions beyond the race question, and that they themselves will manufacture. Tillman's asser tion "that for the dining of Booker T. Washington by the president a thousand .Negroes will have to be! lynched in the South,"' was one for: which he should be arrested, tried , and convicted and given a long sen-1 tence in some penitentiary for incit ing riot. That the South will stand firm on the racial question, as has been an nounced by the New Orleans Times- Democrat, no Northern person has any doubts of, for it has been the firm stand on the race question taken by the South that has turned its progress and prosperity back fully a century, and yet it does not seem inclined to prolit from experi ence. When the South learns to be liberal on such questions it will find that its liberality will be its own financial salvation. The census of 1900 shows that the increase in population in the South, including the District of Columbia and fourteen states from Maryland to Texas south of the Mason and Dixon line, the Ohio river and the Missouri river, was, whites from 12, --880,833 to L 5,699,304, or 2,818,471, equal to 21.88 per cent., and of Negroes from 6,710,582 to 7,835, --392, or 1.12 1,810, equal to 1(5.76 per cent. While in the rest of the coun try the increase was. whites from 42,212,450 to 51,111,407, or 8,898, --957. equal to 21.08 per cent., and of Negroes from 788,094 to 997.820. or 219,726, or equal to 28.23 per cent. The Negro population of Cal ifornia in 1900 was 217 less than in . L 890; 2,664 in Xebraska; 108 in i' Nevada; 87 in Xorth Dakota; 81 in . Oregon; 76 in South Dakota; 72 in • Vermont; 346 in Xew Mexico; while there was an increase in three terri tories and twenty-one states, the greatest increase being in Georgia, which was 176,183, followed by Mississippi with 163,371, Alabama 148,818, Texas 132,551, South Car olina 93,387, Louisiana 91,611, Flor ida 61.550, Arkansas 57,739, and Tennessee 49.249. Xo one has spoken more favorably in favor of the president's actions in dining Mr. Washington than Dr. Davis Philipson, one of the leading Jewish rabbis of Cincinnati. He scored the presidents critics as narrow-minded, bigoted and as not representing good Americansm. Dr. Philipson (-an speak plainly on this subject, for the Jewish race has for centuries undergone the same pro scription that the Negro is now just beginning to undergo. It is hoped that the Negro's probation will not be so long as was that of the Jews. PERSOXAL. Mr. Fritz Keeble, of Tacoma, was in town one day this week. St. James Baths, 114 Second ave nue south. Main 305 is the telephone number of The Seattle Republican. J. H. Ryan is doing the advertis ing work on The Seattle Republican. Henderson's St. James Baths, 114 Second avenue south. Try them. Imported and domestic cigars at St. James Baths, 114 Second avenue south, under St. James hotel. The Gross family will return to the old homestead about December Ist next. Be good to yourself, buy your hoi-1 iday presents at Goldmans' jewelry store, corner Second and Marion. W. 11. Henderson can be found at his magnificent baths, 114 Second avenue south. Mrs. W. H. Henderson left Wed nesday evening for St. Paul, Chicago and other Eastern cities for a short stay. The lowest-priced house in Seat tle for holiday goods is M. A. Gold man's jewelry store, corner Second and Marion. Mr. Sam Jones, of Wallace, Idaho. was in the city last week on his way to Aberdeen. Sam is a pioneer ot the Coeur d'Alenes. The ladies of the A. M. E. church will give a social at the church on Tuesday evening, Xovember 19th. The friends of the church are cordi ally invited to attend. The young men living at the •■Aristocrat." 618 Cherry street, en tertained a number of young ladies, Sunday evening, Xovember 10. An enjoyable repast was served by Mr. George Hideout, the well-known caterer. A large and appreciative audience attended the recital Monday night at the G. A. R. hall given by Mrs. Ben Williams. The seating capacity of the hall was taxed to its limit, and the entertainment was a success, both from an artistic standpoint as well as a financial one. An elaborate programme has been arranged by J. T. Cragwell, chair man of the programme committee of the Literary Society, for Thanksgiv ing evening. Tacoma has arranged to send a delegation over to engage in a joint debate with the members of this society. It is needless to say that -Tacoma" will get the decision "in the neck." The ladies of the Mount Rainier Chapter of the Eastern Star will give a recital and supper at Union hall, Pacific block, Thursday evening, November 21. Good music will be in attendance. The following com mittee of arangements is a guarantee of a good time for those who attend: Mis. J. E. Hawkins, Mrs. Sarah Gross. Mrs. W. C. Miller, Mrs. T. C. Collins and Mrs. Ben Angelle. A general invitation is extended to all. The now famous Considine trial is still grinding away, with the end by no means in sight". The state risked its ease on the sixth shot theory, which theory has already been com pletely upset by the defense. Just when it will be given to the jury is a question just now, but both sides hope that the case will be in the hands of the jury by the middle of the coming week. The Considines are both quite hopeful over the final outcome. Both Mrs. Considine and Mrs. .Meredith attended the trial periodically during the past week. The court room has no day during the beginning of the trial been over taxed with spectators. The office of The Seattle Republi can is now at 1411 Third avenue. REALM OF RELIGION Among the World's Christians and Quasi Christians. The Turks seem to be as deter mined today to prevent Christianity from becoming a feature of the re ligious'worshop of the country as it ever was. The Armenians, who for the most part have become devout Christians, arc being abused, mur dered and driven from their homes liy the Turks just as persistently as they ever were, and this, too, despite the fact that the European nations, backed by the United States, have served notice on Turkey that she must leave the Armenians alone or suffer the consequences of a united war participated in by all of the Christian nations of the world. The German Baptist Brethren, more commonly known as the Dunk ers, was firt organized by Alexander Mack in Schwarzenau, Germany, in 1708. It was there that eight per sons got together to study the New Testament. They were convinced that its injunctions were not being obeyed by either the Lutherans or reformed churches, and led by Alex ander Mack, who subsequently be came minister of the church, they laid the foundation for what after wards became the Dunker church. The worshipers of the new creed were soon driven from their homes and they settled at Crefeld. In 1719 the refugees, numbering seventeen families, reached Germantown. Peter Beck, a weaver in that town, became the moving spirit among them, and on Christmas day, 1726, he gathered together the brethren and formed the first congregation. Kalhuma is the name of a Ha waiian priest or sorcerer in whom the natives have implicit confidence. Recently Papa lira, an aged fire walker from Mauritius, announced to the citizens of Hawaiia that he had come to perform the feat of walking on red-hot stones with his bare feet. The stones were heated after a continuous fire had burned under them for fifteen hours, and, if the natives are to be believed, the priest walked over these glowing stones four different times without injury to his feet or any part of his body. Whether there be any truth in this statement or not the writer is not prepared to say, but the Ha waiia us seem to be thoroughly con vinced that this sorcerer is able to walk on fire, whether it be red-hot stones or coals, and that, too, with out injury to himself. For this feat money in extravagance was showered upon him by the natives. The most startling event that has happened in bleeding Kansas for a good many years was the mutiny at the military prison at Leavenworth a few days ago, when twenty-six prisoners, after a desperate encoun ter with the guards, in which four of the guards were either killed or wounded and as many of the prison ers likewise killed or wounded, es caped from the prison walls and took refuge in the timbers in their efforts to gain their liberty. The whole county and community were aroused over the matter and turned out to help recapture the prisoners. Some fourteen have already been captured and the chase goes merrily on. The ringleaders of the mutiny have all been either killed or cap tured, and it is generally supposed that the others will surrender to the officers of the law. From the census report on school, militia and the voting ages for all states and territories the following is shown: Persons of school age, 5 to 20 years, 26,110,788, of whom 24,897,130 are native born, 22,490, --211 are white, and 13,086,160 are males; males of militia age, 16,360, --363, of whom 13,132,280 are native born and 14,495,396 are white; and males of voting age, 21.329,819, of whom 16,227,285 are native born born and 19,036.143 are white. Of the total number of males 21 years of age and over 2,326,255 are illiter ate. Of the 16,227,285 native-born males 21 years of age and over 1,706,293 are illiterate, and of the 5,102,534 foreign-born 620,002 are illiterate. It is estimated that the forest of the province of Ontario has 3,000, --000,000 feet of standing pine, which, if utilized, will probably bring an annual revenue of $9,000, --000.' It also has 288,000,000 cords of pulp wood, which is worth annu ally $115,000,000. In 1899 the iron output of the province was less than 20.000 tons, but it is estimated that the output this year will exceed 500,000 tons. Price Five Cents The Canadian Bank of Commerce With which is amalgamated The Bank of British Columbia Head Office, Toronto. Established 1867 Capital paid up $8,000,000 [Eight Million Dollars] Surplus $2,000,000 Accounts of Banks, Corporations, Firms and Individuals Solicited. Drafts issued available in an}- part of the World. Having established branches at DAW SON, WHITEHORSE, SKAGWAY and ATLIN, this Bank has exceptional facil ities for handling YUKON and ALASKA business. Interest allowed on Time Deposits. A General Banking Business Transacted Seattle Branch D. A. CAMERON Cor. James St. & 2d Aye. flgr. The supply of silver bullion in the treasury has dwindled to about $42, --000,000. At the same rate that the silver bullion has been decreasing in two years more it is given out there will be no silver bullion left in the treasury, and if the coinage of silver is continued the government will again have to go into the markets to purchase a sufficient amount for its needs. NORTHWEST NOTES. Snow has fallen in the foothills of the Olympic mountains. Nicholas Oleson was drowned in the Tacoma harbor last week. Mrs. Mary Sears, of Lewis county, died of blood poison last week. W. S. Davis, who once lived in Cheney, died in Manila of appendi citis. Tim Donavan was instantly killed by a Great Northern train near Sil vana. Olympia will have two tickets in the neid. for its coming municipal election. John Norman, while under the in nuence of liquor, was killed near Marysviile on tne railroad track. The body of an unknown man was iound in Snake river fifty miles above V\ allula last week. The city of Walla Walla is still enjoying strawberries, which are sold in the markets there at 15 cents per box. Walla Walla's city council has purchased Thomas' springs with the view of using it as a water supply tor that city. • Edgar Torrence, who owns 2,500 acres of land near Uianmond, is stocking the same with 1,700 head ot yearling sheep. John B. Wright and C. 11. Farrell, two Seattle attorneys, are now in Ireland taking evidence in the John sullivan estate case. The state board of control has de cided to give old soldiers not draw ing a pension the preference of en tering the Soldiers' Home at Orting. The Masons and Knights of Pythias of Jilaine have purchased a brick block with the view of making a fraternity hall of the same. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday there were over 3,000,000 bushels of wheat marketed at Pendleton, Ore. The total school enrollment of Centralia, Wash., is 727 pupils. Fire in mine No. 7 at Franklin caused the death of one miner and the complete suspension of work at the mines. Jacob Rose was the un fortunate miner who failed to make his escape when the alarm was given. The sheriff of Whatcom county has gone to England after St. John Dix, the man who wrecked the Scan dinavian-American bank of What com some months ago. Thomas Knox, of Colfax, has been convicted of being an habitual drunkard and all saloons are forbid den by the court to sell him liquors. Isaac Johnson, a hunchback Swede, also of Colfax, has been arrested on the same charge and will be tried before the courts at an early date. Services will be held on Thanks giving day, November 28th, begin ning at 11 o'clock a. m., at Mt. Zion Baptist church. Rev. M. Scott, pas tor of the A. M. E. church, will preach the Thanksgiving sermon, altared by Rev. McDonald, pastor of the M. E. church. Rev. Hammond will road the Scripture lesson. Rev. Pettigrew will make the clos ing address. The choir of the A. M. E. church will sing for the congregation. Services conducted by G. Maney. Everybody is cordially invited.