• The SEATTLE REPUBLICAN
Vol. VIII.. No. )i
Of Men and Things in the
In as much as the Schey-Sampsou
controversy as to who was the real
hero at the battle of Santiago, and In i
as much as the court of inquiry ap !
pointed by the secretary of the navy |
has rendered its decision in the mat
ter, which decision is not wholly ac
cepted by the general public, the Re
publican has concluded to give Its
readers the benefit of the exact dif
ferences of opinions of the members
of the court of inquiry as to actual
facts of the engagement and the part \
Admiral Schley played therein, as j
taken from the most salient questions!
and the decisions of the Judges cm
1. Did Schley proceed with all dis
patch to Cienfugegos? Ramsey and
Benham —No. Dewey—Yes, having la
view the importance of arriving with
as much coal as possible.
2. Did he maintain a close block
ade of Cienfuegos? Ramsay and
Benham —No. Dewey—The blockade
3. Did he use all possible means to
ascertain whether Cervera was in
Cienfuegos? Ramsey and Benliam—
No. Dewey—He expected to ascertain
by the Adula.
4. Did he proceed with all dispatch
from Cienfuegos to Santiago? Ramsay
and Benham—No. $ewey—With as
much dispatch as possible while keep
ing the squadron a unit.
5. Should he have delayed for the
Eagle? Ramsay and Benham — No.
Dewey—Apparently, no; but see his
answer to No. 4.
6. Did he dispose his vessels with a
view to intercepting the enemy in any
attempt to pass him? Dewey, Ram
say and Benham —No.
7. Was he "forced to return to Key
West for-coal?" Dewey, Ramsay and
87"~Could he have coaled off Cienfue
gos an^ Santiago? Dewey. Ramsay
9. Was the retreat from Santiago
justified? Dewey. Ramsay and Ben
10. Did he leave Santiago wholly
unguarded for twenty-three hours, an-1
guarded only by an unarmorecl ship
tfpr,,twenty-five hours? Dewey, Ran
say and Benham —Yes.
11. Did he give Cervera a chancf
to escape? Dewey, Ramsay and Ben
12. Did he make any effort to as
certain whether Cervera was in San
•tia^o? Dewey, Ramsay and Benham
IS. Was his failure to obey the
order of May 25 (to ascertain thnr
fact) justified? Dewey, Ramsay and
Did he endeavor to capture or
destroy the Spanish vessels at anchor
near the Santiago harbor entrance on
May 29 and 30? Dewey, Ramsay and
15. Did he do his utmost to capture
or destroy the Colon or other vessels
which he attacked on May 31? Dew
ey, Ramsay and Benham —No.
16. Was his blockade of Santiago
after his return there effective?
Ramsay and Benham state character
of blockade but express no opinion.
Dewey—lt was effective.
17. Did the Brooklyn's Ipop cau^
her to lose distance and position wifli
the Spanish vessels? Dewey, Ramsay
and Benham —Yes.
18. Was the loop made to "avoW
getting into dangerous proximity to
the Spanish vessels? Dewey Ramsay
and Benham —Yes.
19. Did the loop cause the Texas to
stop and back her engines to avoid
danger of collision? Dewey. Ram
say and Benham —Yes.
20. Was the Brooklyn's loop justi
fied? No opinion is directly express
ed, but see answers to Nos. 17, 18 and
21. Did a conversation regarding the
proximity of the Texas take place be
tween Schley and Hodgson at the time
the loop began? Dewey, Ramsay and
22. Did Schley do Hodgson Injustice
in publishing only part of their cor
respondence about the conversation?
Dewey, Ramsay and Benham —Yes.
23. Was Schley's conduct during tho
battle of July 3 self-possessed, and did
he encourage his crew to fight cour
ageously? Dewey. Ramsay an.i Be:?
24. Were his official reports regard
ing his coal supply and coaling facili
ties inaccurate and misleading? Dew
ey, Ramsay and Benham —Yes.
25. Was his conduct -in connection
with the events of the Santiago cam
paign prior to June 1 characterize!
by vacillation, dilatoriousness an«l
lack of enterprise? Dewey, Ramsay
and Benham —Yes.
To the foregoing Admiral Dewey
has seen fit to add his opinion thnt
Schley was in "absolute command"
when Cervera attempted to escape on
July 3 and "is entitled to the credit
due such commanding officer for Uw
As the court refused to hear any
evidence upon this point, and repeat
edly declared that the question of
who was in command was not at Issue.
Admiral Dewey's opinion is evidently
what the civil courts call an "obiter
dictum" —the voluntary and unneces
sary expression of a judge upon facts
not before him.
ITEMS OF INTEREST.
Forest fires destroyed $50,000,000
worth of timber last year.
The United States has seventeen
communities of Shakers.
It is estimated that this year's cot
ton crop will number about 9,764, 000
bales in the United States.
From statistics it is learned that
the United States exports on an avei
i age of 750,000 tons of coal per month.
There are in the state of California
I 45,000 Italians, and it is estimated
that they own property there valued
New Orlears has a leper colony not
far from the city that has thirty-six
inmates who contracted the disease
from the Chinamen of *.nat city.
The proportion of male criminals
I in Germany has increased quite con
siderably since 1882, while that of thc
female seems to have remained sta
Berlin, Germany, is to be equip
ped with a telephone system like
unto that used in Chicago, which
system has already been on test there !
for the past fifteen months.
A Boston paper has discovered I
over three hundred happy couples in <
New England who have passed their ]
golden wedding anniversary, and it is s
still continuing its search. 1
During the present year 717 dis
asters to steamers occurred on the
Great Lakes, which has caused an
appalling loss of life and property.
Is there no remedy?
Askai Chin, in Thibet, is the high
est lake in the world. Its level is
16,000 feet above the level of the sea.
The lowest is the Dead sea, which is
1,290 feet below sea level.
Yankee ingenuity has found encour
agement even in Jar away Egypt, as
a Yankee has invented an arrange
ment for hoisting coal at Alexandria
by which 2,120 tons of coal can be un
loaded from a steamer in ten hours.
Uncle Sam spends $2,000,000 an-,
nually for the education of the deaf
and. dumb. There are fifty-seve.i
schools that own property valued at
$11,335,087, and there are at present
10,984 pupils and 1,150 institutions.
Capital aggregating to something
like £7,000,000 are tied up in hotel
propositions in London. During the
busy month the hotels of London ac
commodated 8,400 guests every night
and find employment for 4.500 ser
Dressmaking in Paris is more exten
sively carried on than in any other
city of the world. It is reported that
there are 75,0000 persons employed
in dressmaking stablishmnts and 140,
--000 all told that are employed in some
form or manner in the dress manufac
A geologist in search of coal mines
in the mountains of Colorado, found
a deserted mine and at the bottom of
it was a large Newfoundland dog, ft
sheep and a bear. Each of them had
fallen into the pit and was unable to
get out. The bear was practically
starved to death, while the dog and
the sheep were fat and fine.
Carefully compiled statistics of tho
British Empire, compiled by a
trade paper, bring out the rather
startling fact that out of a population
of nearly 400,000,000 about 48,880,000,
or less than one-eighth, are of British
birth and descent, nearly 4,000,000 are
non-British white men, and the color
ed race numbers 343,000,000.
Rice forms a larger part of human
food than the product of any other
one plant, being the diet of India
China, and the Malayan islands and
occupying a place on the tables ol
90 per cent of the inhabitants of the
civilized world. One may safely yen
ture the assertion that 800,000,000
people eat rice every day in the year
The word "infantry" had its origin
among the Spaniards in the war with
the Moors, who so designated the
body guards of the royal prince, or
Infanta. It was extended to the en
tire body of foot soldiers and subse
quently adopted throughout Europe.
It is estimated that there are 1,000
men and women employed to conduct
summer vacation schools and play
grounds in the province of Manhattan
and the Bronx. Last summer over
100,000 boys and girls were in con
In calling for Edgar S. Maclay's
resignation, President Roosevelt a
neither affirming or denying Maclay's
historic version of Schley at the Santi
ago battle, but he is simply removing
from the navy a man that will prove a
disturbing element, whether what he
said was or was hot true. Maclay
was removed on the same principles
as was General Nelson A. Miles cen
sured for commending Dewey for the
stand he took in the court of Inquiry.
In other words, the President Is wash
ing the hands of his administration
clear of the whole affair, which '.<■
right and proper.
The office of The Seattle Repub
lican has been removed from 714
Third avenue to 1411 Third avenue.
Notwithstanding this removal it has
the same telephone number, and
persons wishing to do business with
The Eepublican will do well to call
it up by phone and a representative
of the paper will call on you at once.
Under Critical Eye of Ob
A WHITE MAN PARTY.
The announcement that Henry C.
Payne, of Wisconsin, is to succeed
Charles Emory Smith as Postmaster-
General in President Roosevelt's
cabinet will not be very interesting
news to the Afro-American of the
United States, for it was this sam?
Mr. Payne that unblushingly said to
the Afro-American contingency of the
National Republican Central Commit
tee at the close of the 1900 campaign,
that a "white man's Republican party
would be organized in the South, and
that in future a policy would be car
ried out by the President of tke
United States looking forward to that
end." It is claimed by leading Afro-
Americans that the late President Me-
Kinley had begun just such a policy,
and it is claimed that President
Roosevelt is not wholly averse to it,
but whether that be true or not, with
Mr. Payne at the head of the Post
Office Department, he will'have am
ple opportunity to put into effect just
such a policy as he declared would
be put into effect under this admin
istration. No man rules President
Roosevelt except it be Theodoro \
Roosevelt, but, as the head of. one of I
the government departments, one
man has plenty of chances to do many
things detrimental to a certain elo
ment of the voters of this country
if he so desires, and it is thought that
Mr. Payne has the desire, and the
President be none the wiser of whuz
he has actually done.
THIS PAPER VERIFIED.
The Republican criticized, a few
weeks ago, the participants in a de
bate which took place in Seattle lasl.
Thanksgiving Day, and for that criti
cism some of the participants In turn
rather severely criticised The Repub
lican. It was all done in a friendly
spirit, however, and done for motives
that it was hoped would prove bene
ficial to both the paper and the race
The facts as stated by The Republican
were not denied by any of the partici
pants, though they did claim that the
paper was premature in bringing them
out. Since that time, however, the
editor of The Republican has read
with much pleasure some comments
made by the New York Journal along
this line, which bear out the criti
cisims made by it some weeks ago.
For the benefit of our readers the ar
ticle from the New York Journal is
herewith reproduced In full, and it
is not only timely, but most instruct
THE NEGRO'S OPPORTUNITIES.
(From N. Y. Journal.)
Of all the grievances that distress
ambitious Negroes the most galling
is the disadvantage of their race in
the matter of earning a living. None
but menial positions are open to black
men, they say. The Negro has no
chance to be anything but a hewer
of wood and a drawer of water.
There is something in that when
the Negro looks exclusively to find
ing some white man for an employer.
But why should a people ten mil
lion strong need to look for employ
ers outside of itself? There are as
many Negroes in the United States
now as there were people of all col
ors in 1820. The average American
in Monroe's time did not think it ni
cessary to hunt an Englishman to
give him a job.
The fundamental industry, espe
cially for a race of primitive culture,
such as the colored race Is now, la
agriculture. It contains the promise
of complete independence. The thrifty
colored man who owns forty acres and
a mule is nobody's servant. He is
infinitely freer than the white factory
hand or clerk. He can bring up his
children in the healthiest possible
conditions. The only limit to his ad
vancement is himself.
On this solid agricultural founda
tion can be built a substantial struc
ture of dependent industries. Tusko
gee has shown how. The colore-1
farmers must have their mules shod,
their plows sharpened and their
wagons tired. If they do not employ
colored blacksmiths it will be either
because they do not take the griev
ances of their race very seriously or
because there are no competent Negro
smiths to be found.
These farmers can furnish a market
for the services of colored carpenters,
ministers, physicians and storekeep
ers, and these people in turn can em
ploy still others. There Is every op
portunity for the erection of a grei.t
self-supporting, self-respecting com
munity, without depending upon the
favor of the whites.
Of course, there will always ho
colored cooks, waiters, barbers and
porters, but these employments nriy
not be in the principal fields of Negro
activity unless the Negroes wish them
to be. There is no reason why thr>
highest ambition of a bright colored
youth should be to become a Pullman
car porter. The road to independence
Some employments open to white
men are not very promising to black
ones. Owing to the fact that the
courts are generally in white hands,
there may be a handicap on colored
lawyers, but that can hardly be con
sidered a calamity to the race, any
SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1901
more than the slim pickings for col
ored politicians. There might be some
obstacles in the way of a black man
becoming a member of the New York
Stock Exchange, but there Is nothing
to hinder his speculating in stocks
and becoming a Napoleon of finance if
he can. The wool of black lambs is
appreciated as highly as that of white
in Wall Street.
The paths of literary fame are
open, as Mr. Paul Lawrence Dunbar
has found. Negroes may start news
papers and magazines for people of
their own race. They have a wider
field to cultivate than the founders
of the London Times and the Edin
burgh Review had. Negro capitalists
may accumulate wealth and invest it
in <*reat enterprises. They may build
railroads, hotels, restaurants ani
theatres of their own, in which peo
ple of their race may be sure of the
In short, the future of the Negro
is in his own hands. Whether the
white man treats him justly or not
he cannot be kept down unless he is
willing to stay down.
TO ESTABLISH BANKS.
Mr. W. P. Pettiford, who is presi
dent of the Alabama Penny Savings
Bank, located at Birmingham, has a
most remarkable article in the South
ern Workman, a publication issued
monthly from the famous Hampton
Normal and Agricultural Institute for
Negroes and Indians, which labors to
encourage the establishing of small
banking institutions in those cities
: and communities in the South where
j there are large numbers of colored
folk, and he cites facts and figures Id
prove that it will be the strongest iu
centive for them to save their money
and become independent citizens, the
same as their white brethren, that
could be put forth. At present there
are only thsee such banking institu
tions in the South, and the results of
their efforts towards inducing the
members of the colored race to save
their earnings and bank the same, am
exceedingly flattering. In comparing
cities that have no such banking in
stitutions with the cities that have
such, it shows a decided advantage
in favor of the latter In the way of
bank deposits on the part of colored
folk over cities that have none. Says
he: "Atlanta, with no such institu
tions to stimulate its colored popula
tion to save, has only 1,000 colored
depositors in the banks of that city
out of a total colored population of 30,
000, or one out of every thirty. Ric.'i
niond, Virginia, with a thriving in
stitution of this character, has 5,000
colored depositors out of a total col
ored population of 45,000, or one out i
of every nine. Birmingham boasts
of 5,000 colored depositors (4,000 of I
whom deposited with the bank with
which the writer is connected), out
of a total colored population of 20,000,
or one out of every four. These three
thriving Southern cities blessed with
equal prosperity and promise, furnis-i
convincing proofs of the great power
exerted by such institutions." Hera |
is another convincing proof of the j
facts advocated by The Republican
in its criticism of one certain debate
mentioned in another connection, and
clearly demonstrates the fact that the
citizenship of the colored man of this
country is not a theory, but an actual
fac* and if he but grasp the oppor
tunity he can use it to the best I
advantage to become as potential us
any other distinct nationality in the |
land. Instead of the Southern white j
man opposing such legitimate and
meritorious propositions, they should
favor them, and offer them every as
sistance possible to keep them afloat.
On this point Mr. Pettifor's own
words are quoted: "The Birmingham j
Penny Savings Bank has enjoyed, j
ever since its establishment, the moral
support and cordial good wishes of
the white people of that section." He
further quotes from the Charleston
News and Courier, to verify th<> j
friendliness of the whites for suca I
institutions: "The Negro with a bank
account, with houses and lands and
with education in the practical things i
of life is a far better citizen and j
saver, and a more desirable neighbor j
than the Negro who is steeped in
ignorance, and has really no part in
the life of his country." This shows
that the whites, as a general thing,
are equally as anxious as the Negro
himself for the Negro to become fi
nancially influential and enjoy moro
than a mere life of wretched poverty.
Be good to yourself, buy your hol
iday presents at Goldmans' jewelry
store, corner Second and Marion.
Main 305 is the telephone number
of The Seattle Republican.
The office of The Seattle Republi
can is now at 1411 Third avenue.
THE CANADIAN BANK
With which is amalgamated
THE BANK OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Head Office Toronto. Established 1567
Capital paid up $8,000,000 00
'Eight Million Dollars)
Surplus $2,000,000 00
Assets nay 3i, i9oi $67,553,578 13
Accounts of Basks, Corporations Firms and
Drafts issued ovailable in any part of the World.
Interest allowed on Time Deposits.
Having established branches at DAWSON,
WHITE HORSE, SKAGWAY and ATDIN, this
Bank has exceptional facilities for handling
YUKON and ALASKA business.
A General Banking Business Transacted.
SEATTLE BRANCH D. A. CAiIERON.
Cor. Sec. Aye. and James St. rtantger.
The Latest and Best
The Crisis Sir Christopher ! The Puppet Crown
D'ri and I Amos Judd Quincy Adams Sawyer
Cardigan Kirn With Roberts to Pretoria
Graustark Truth Dexter The Ruling Passinon
Lazaree Blennerhassett The Right of Way
The Cavalier The Eternal City Old Jed Prouty
The Lives of the Hunted The Helmet of Navarre John Henry
Foma Gordyeeff Tristam of Blent Tarry Thou Till I Come
The Herat of Cabul The Tower of Wye
7i6 FIRST AVENUE
X EMERSON, ESTEY and STAR X.
I PIHNQS I
\m The Dannot be beaten for their music, their . efm
4r^ durability or their price, and that is why we sell jfL
jgL them. Call on us or write for catalogue and yfW
%& - „ terms. New designs just out for 1902. J^L
x Sherman, Clay & Co. |
%f . 7*i -Second Avenue
No Matches - No ©dors
; \ ■ :'-■*•
v N E
lfe Electric I io*fif , c
1 ========== n
E The v
N Modern X
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THE SEATTLE ELECTRIC CO.
907 First Avenue
Phone Main iot>i __
COMMERCIAL IMPORTIHG CO,
Easily Leaders for Hotels, Ships, Dining
• Cars and Other Large Users.
315 First five. S. 1008 Second five.
Over Henshaw Buckley Co.
t IKr/^ CRFSPFNT v
j( Strictly High Grade; Used by o
i » sill Lovers of Really Good I
\1 Coffee and Recom- *'
< * mended by the < i
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j \ <^_ ASK YOUR s GROCER 1 ►
Our Specials For This
Tailor Made un caned fop Suits and overcoats.
¥20.00 Suits or overcoats now $ 9.00
25.00 " <• << v 1100 we guarantee every gar
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30.00 •• " << " 13.75 your money back if you
35-°° '* " " " is.oo want it.
£S!'" " " ::.:;::;:;::::::«' ia» we are satisfied with
50.00 " " " [[',', << 2o'oo a SMALL pront.
UNIQUE CLOTHING AND TAILORING HOUSE
110 FIRST AVENUE, SOUTH. Opposite Northern Hotel.
Price Five Cents
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