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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1912.
the Nation, of each State, and of each com munity for the conservation and enhance ment of child health. "To become an effective instrument for the protection and promotion of child health, it is essential that the school should not only be a sanitary, healthful place for children, but that the various agencies in public education should be so organized that each pupil may be given the best possible opportunity to escape weakness and disease and far more to realize the attainable best in growth, in development of biological, in tellectual, moral, social and economic pow er. '' —Statistical. NEGROES IN THE UNITED STATES. A preliminary statement showing by states and geographic division sthe num ber and proportion of mulattoes among the Negroes enumerated at the Thirteenth De cennial Census of the United States, taken as of Auril 15, 1910, been issued by Census, Department of Commerce and Labor. The statistics were prepared under the direction of William C. Hunt, chief statistician for population in the Bureau of the Ceneus, and are subject to revision. The statement gives comparative figures for 1870 and 1890, no jlata being available for 1880 or 1900- The term "mulatto" as used in the cen sus of 1910 includes all persons, not full blooded Negroes, who have some proportion or perceptible trace of Negro blood. The Bureau of the Census does not regard the returns as being beyond question, since the classification of Negroes as full-bloods or mulattos was necessarily to a considerable degree dependent upon the personal opinion and conscientiousness of the enumerators. The results, however, are believed to ap proximate the facts for the country as a whole and for large aggregates. In 1910 there were in continental United States as a whole, 9,827,763 Negroes, of whom 2,050,686, or 20.9 per cent, were re ported as mulattoes. In 1890 there were 1,132,060 mulattoes reported, or 15.2 per cent of all the Negroes, and in 1870 a total of 584,049, or 12 per cent. Thus the figures taken at their face value show that about one-fifth of all the Negroes in 1910 had some admixture of white blood, as against about one-eighth in 1870. It may be noted, however, that an increase in the mulatto element does not necessarily imply increas ing intermixture with the whites, since the children born of marriages between blacks and mulattoes would be mulattoes, accord ing to the census definition. The percentage of mulattoes reported va ries widely in different states and different sections of the country. It was to be ex pected that the percentage would be rela tively high in those sections where the Negro population is small as compared with the total population and would be higher in the North than in the South. In general the results are in agreement with this pre sumption. In New England, and in the East, North, Central and Pacific divisions about one-third of the Negro population were re ported as mulattoes, while in each of the three southern divisions the proportion is only about one-fifth. In the Middle Atlantic division for some reason the percentage is not higher than it is in the Southern di- THE SEATTLE REPUBLICAN a"se -' --■-. JOHN H. SCHIVELY Candidate for the Republican Nomi nation of State Insurance Com missioner. visions. This may possibly be due to the rapid growth of Negro population in that division through immigration from the South. NOWADAYS. Folks are telling nowadays That the devil's gone away; Ministers have caught the craze, And some preach it, strange to say. Claim it isn't, any more, Right to think there is a hell, Where the awful fires roar, And proclaim the sinner's knell. Yet when we see On every hand, The greedy clutch That binds the land; % The want, distress and deep despair, It seems to us There is no doubt Tlic devil still exists somewhere. Nowadays the fashions run To a more "free-thinking" view, For, no matter what you've done, Fires of hell won't torture you. "Satan's only just a myth, He's not on earth," they say, "Torturing the sinners with Fiery brands of hell today." But when we gaze Around and see The wretchedness And poverty, The crimes, the wrongs done here and there, It seems to us The devil lives, And fires of hell must burn somewhere, For, no matter what you've done. —Selected. FTTGBT SOUND TRACTION COMPANY Is selling the Most Reliable Light and at a Reduced Cost. Carbon lamps Are Supplied Free to consumers of our current. Call at the ELECTRIC BUILDING, Seventh Avenue and Olive Street, Or phono Main 2650 - Independent 208 BONNEY-WATSON CO. UNDERTAKERS Preparing bodies for shipment a specialty. All orders by telephone or telegraph promptly at tended to. Telephone Elliott 13. JAMES T. LAWLER Candidate for Judge of the Superior Court King County, Washington Primary Election, Sept. 10, 1912. JOHN T. CASEY for Superior Court Judge Law Office, 449 New York Block, Seattle Main 8642 Election Sept. 10, 1912. A. R. UPRIGHT Candidate for State Land Commissioner Subject to Republican Primaries Septein her .10, 1912. DAVID H. COX Republican Candidate for State Treasurer Subject to Republican Primaries, Septem ber 10, 1912. L. FRANK BROWNE Non-Partisan Candidate for Judge of Superior Court King County, Washington Primary, Sept. 10, 1912. JOHN £ H.UMPHRIES Non-Partisan Candidate for Judge of Superior Court King County, Washington Primary Election Sept. 10, 1912. Nothing Counts Like Good Service LESS WORK BETTTER COOKING A CLEAN KITCHEN CLEAN FOOD LESS COST FOR FUEL USE A GAS RANGE A Small Payment with Your Order Will Place One In Your Home Seattle Lighting Co. 1314 Fourth Aye. Main 6767 3