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The Western Outlook.
VOL. <h HOriE=MADE WINDMILLS. yd s:att* * , 'rougbout the Union T[ |‘, vnierii-aii ingenuity—ami Yankee «ill-anility, at that—shown to finer » Nebraska, where uim-mude \> iurtiyills, constructed at a j , !lt , ~s r . ductile work of luill-made tor fllfch -'I much larger a s’; New England and the Suites, says tin- New York j,| mjjdit just as well as not claim -Him- "f the credit for the iuventive t.ss al) ,i power of adaptation which r j , v . Western farmers display, for the niii.r, came from the East, or their pi,, !-- did, and the farmers of the W>>t haven't a much harder row to !l0( . iiian tin* farmer of the rocky hills ( \,.w Ur.alaud. ■j lies•• Nebraska folk can take a Turnout mower and a few boards Thiel, have dropped off the pig sty and aalm out of them a windmill that will sure them prolit, eveu If in the long. 1, ai- -iimiii' i s the sky refuses to “give down.” The labor can bo put iu when nothing more profitable is to be done than praying for rain, and the ridicu lous >lll,l of a dollar or so pays all the money outlay necessary. liruin Hinckley Barbour, in a bul letin troiii the University of Nebraska, u i.iuculd. tells of the Nebraska farm er’s marvelous manner of making the me.-, ns tit ila* end. Not only is water J for irrigation, but stock is ■ i with water, rauchmen aud eiders are benefited, dairy prod e increased and improved, and uiort of tiu* village and rural senhanced. of the home-made mills are DF. OK WAGON AVHEKI,. I'latte Valley, front Oma- I>'-'i v**r, ami in the lesser river u ' llrs, ' s "'hieli hranch out from this val *'>• <Vminhiis, CJrautl Island, Kear u, '. v . "v« i ton. Cozad, Lexington, <Joth •‘iiburg, ogallala and intermediate lo " Us are centers for tliese mills as ""•11 as ),„• other kinds of water lifters, 1 favorit,. form in Eastern Nebraska ‘ s 'he Jumbo, or tin* “(Jo Devil,” which att *‘ r “ana- probably is a contraction I.ike-the-Devil.” In Central , UVM,,|- n Nebraska the prevailing •M’e N '-ailed the Battleax Mill. Both „ 11N do tar more than pump water. f , run the grindstone, the churn, a- teed griuder, the corn sheller and A n, Saw : "" 1 ollu * r famj machinery. ' v ’ rk is d,,nt * l,y :l machine that e. .. iu ‘' lm h‘d. from $4 to ,$5. Of tiuit'r Ul ',' U " u ‘ is I)Ut iu "lieu there is h I “° n ‘ massing to be done, he lime were to be taken out of S ,U . r; k ,I,e ,Tsult pla<-e«, 1 V U “ 1, ‘ ,h0 nvi * ra *e cost is the „ .;'r J ' v as «*r below which could r ,‘ T“’ ’ "i OU<l S,MIU ’ Bcarce »j‘ putian, „ maxlnnH “ ,hat has been C I,efUllS,rU( ' ll °”' ,f mills Xiwig with the lowest tvpe ami cf UP. there Is the Ju,nbo.? Ue Merrv Round, Battle ax. the HouSmml the Mock 1 urblue and the lteeou- strutted Turbine. While farmers may be rather particular what material they put into the higher eost machine, for those of the lower class no klud of stuff lyiug around the barn Is too mean to find some use. Old lumber, lath, shingles, split rails, old packing boxes, barrel staves, coffee sacks, tin from old tiu roofs, the gearing from old mow ers—there is scarcely au odd and end that does not have a use iu the home made mill. For $3.70 W. W. ller of Havelock made a baby jumbo, which pumps uot only water enough for his stock, but supplies his boardlug house with all the water needed. It has four fans, each three feet long and arms two and one half feet long, and is mounted on a six teen-foot tower. J. E. Brown’s mill, which Is on the Midway nurseries, near Kearney, is one of low cost. Out of old grocery boxes he made the faus and the box, and the gaspipe axis cost him $1.50. What could such a mill as this do? Well, it pumped enough to irrigate his garden through a killing season of drought, and kept his strawberry patch and his small fruit from death. Pretty good investment for $1.50. In fact. Brown Ims figured out that the profit from that little mill during three pretty tough times of drought exceeds that of HOME MADE SAW .MILL the whole farm In three ordinary sea sons. The regulation jumbo mill is set per manently to fuee the north or south and thus catch the force of the prevail ing winds. But when the winds blow from another direction these mills would be of no use, so this difficulty is overcome by putting up “universal” jumbos, which are set on a screw, and which will turn with the wind iu any quarter. Sometimes, too, Jumbos are set up in pairs, quartering the compass, aud with such an inexpensive machine it is easy to do this. The merry-go rounds look like huge side wheels of steamers set horizontally on towers. In the general class of turbine mills are included the Holland mills, the bat tleax mills, with two, four, six aud eight fans; the giant battleax, the mock turbine- tLe tixr!, revolving, with and without rudders -aud the reconstruct •■d turbines, which last named usually arc t... ..hopmade ones which have been injured and are bought cheaply aud repaired. The battleax mill gets its name from its resemblance in tlie arms aud di" blade to the ax. Like the jumbo, ually is set in a north and rimi, and a - tin* prevailing ”1- : :i]M" it is -odd..ill that tiiHHHH| • atm. .t be used. The axis of fHj* may bn of wood, gaspipe, 'T an iron rod. The battleax mill <"aiToll. near Overton, cost than the average, because it lias .; ty barrel tank connected with it. Grand Island, Dledrich spent $l4 on a battleax mill and tni^| The fans of the mill are llxed In the driving parts of an old thresher, and the brake is taken from an old wagon. Near Grand Island, too, is a mill put up by a f irmer named Scliroeder, who i d barrel staves for the fans. A. G. gleyoj Verdon put up a cheap battle mill which does all the work of saw ing ao-lu h logs. Elmer Jasperson put up on UU farm, near Ashland, a two- MILL NEAR KEAR.NJCV A Journal Devoted to the Interests of the Negro on the Pacific Ooast and the Betterment of His Condition. fan battleax mill, which has only one like It In the whole State. Its cost was $ll, and for this outlay it runs a corn sheller and feed grinder and a grind stone. < >ne of the most ingenious mills in the whole State stands on a farm near Gothenburg. It is made merely of a wagon wheel attached by its axle to a barn. To the spokes are fastened blades. This contrivance pumps all the water needed for the barn. Still an other mill is a two-fan turbine, aud is made from an old mower. Near Grand MADE FROM AX OLD MOWER. Island, Fred Mathiesen built a mill, the driving parts of which were taken from an old self-binder. It waters his stock, and yet the cost was under $5. By putting a rudder on a mill the arms can be made to swing around and stand iu the wind, aud by putting a mill within a tower instead of upon it, the chance of destruction through be ing blown down by the high winds is lessened greatly. One of the queerest mills is that of a farmer named Boer sou, who lives near Grand Island. He took the sprocket wheel and fly wheel of a corusheller and at a cost of $2 put together a contrivance that pumps enough water for sixty head of cattle. Another odd aud Ingenious hit of mechanism Is a reconstructed aermotor that cost practically nothing, yet pumps for the house, lawn, garden and a small fruit orchard, briugiug up 270 gallons of water au hour in a tifteeu and oue-half mile wind. Theu there is the “toy” water mill of A. C. Wulker, a civil engineer, which pumps 0,480 gal lons of water in twenty-four hours. Near Kearney was an abandoned mill and storage reservoir. The mill was fixed at slight cost, bits of broken-up boxes were uailed to tbe arms and the whole thing worked as well as it did lu its better days. To shop-made mills and even to the better class of home-made can be at tached wires, by which the power can he transmitted several hundred feet to where it is needed. Sometimes the mill is set at the house, aud its energy is di rected so that it will run the pump at the barn—ln fact, the Nebraska farm er’s ways of utilizing these home-made contrivances are endless. American Beef in Scotland. Owing to the scarcity of beef cattle and fat sheep in the country, and the consequent rise In price, very large sup plies of American beef are finding their way all over the country. Edinburgh butchers, who, as a rule, decidedly pre fer the home article, have of late beeu forced to procure supplies from Liver pool and Glasgow of port-killed States beef. In addition, the chilled beef agencies in the city have beeu selling large quantities of American-killed beef. A Chicago company is doing a very considerable trade iu a high-class grade of lieef. They have already es tablished forty agencies in the United Kingdom. The supplies coming into Edinburgh for last week are phenom enal, hearing in mind always that this city has been In the past particularly independent of foreign supplies of beef and mutton. Upward of 400 quarters of chilled beef have gone Into consump tion, and, in addition, a like quantity, viz., 200 sides port-killed, all of Ameri can origin. Supplies of frozen mutton continue about an average of 350 car casses, mainly from the Argentine Re public. Lixlitaing Kills HhU. The Penusylvunia Fisli Commission had beard tales that the brown trout with which some of the streams of the State were stocked were particularly susceptible to destruction from liirht ißfeso they began an investigation Buiow announce that the stories habit *>!' the brown ’’#ls ■ nM m ; . tgj ■ fl ‘ Vuuß is otic "Hi “Yes: hi-H More tbl ly emplojJ Street " about 3,00 u SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., JANUARY 27, 1900. A new woman's club is to be started in Loudon to which no one uuder six feet iu height will be admitted. German locomotive factories number eighteen and have a capacity of 1,400 locomotives per year, part of which output is exported. It is said that uo American locomotives have yet been introduced iuto Germany. There were 5.920 suicides in this country during the last year, compared with 6,600 during the previous year. At the same time there was a falliug off of nearly 50 per cent, iu the number of reported embezzlements. The latest lifeboat, which has been approved by the British admiralty, car ries three long cylinders, into which 1.000,000 cubic feet of air can be com pressed. This air will drive the boat fifteen miles an hour for six hours. Maros-Ujvar iu Hungary, a manu facturing town of 3,600 Inhabitants, may be expected to grow rapidly. A Hungarian singer, who undertook to give a concert there, found it impossi ble, as there was not a single piano in the towu aud he had uot brought one with him. As a result of the success of a num ber of Jersey City women iu causing the streets of that town to be properly cleaned it is proposed to turn the de partment of street cleaning over to the women, having all the employes, from superintendent down to sweepers, of the feminine gender. A number of Russian officers—among the highest of the cossaeks of the guard—have beeu sentenced to loug terms of imprisonment lu Siberia aud elsewhere for frauds and peculations. Gambling, as usual, appears to have furnished the motive for the vulgar crime of falsifying accounts aud simi lar forms of swindling. Harry Farjeon, eldest son of the nov elist, and grandson of Joe Jefferson, lias composed the music for a two-act opera, “Floretta,” for which his young er sister, Eleanor, wrote the book, which lias been performed with auccess In Loudon. Young Farjeon is 21 years of age and his sister is 18, but she had completed the play when she was 16. A divorced man’s club has beeu or ganized in Alameda County, California, for the purpose of sending out scouts aud missionaries, men who have found marriage a failure and whose object it is to impress upon mankind the dan gers of matrimony and give those In clined that way au opportunity to profit by their sad aud harrowing experi ences. If Pennsylvania is not well doctored, from a medical standpoint, it will uot he because of a scarcity of physicians. The State Examining Board has grant ed licenses to 375 more doctors to prac tice out of 425 that made application, aud in view of there being tw’o exami nations held each year It Is patent that the supply of medicos is being well pro vided. Mr. Murray, a Scottish naturalist, in a paper on the habits of wasps, tells how a blackbird will stand at the side of a hanging wasp’s nest and deliber ately tear It in pieces lu order to get at the larvae, apparently undisturbed by the swarms of angry insects whose stings Instantly put to flight the hu man curiosity seeker who ventures near to watch the demolition. So many children have been made 111 by eating the samples of medicine of various kinds left at the doors by em ployes of makers in Los Angeles, Cal., that the municipal authorities have for bidden the practice and the manufac turers will have to find other means of advertising lu place of delivering such articles from house to house. This mtthod of bringing to the public notice the remedies that are so innumerable threatens to become a great nuisance In some parts of the country. I ..«• average duration of yellow fever a week, but in graver cases the at i k may be precipitate and prove speedily fatal. There Is usually an Ini tial chill, headache, pains in the back and limbs aud slight Increase of tem perature. In exceptional cases the ther mometer in the mouth will register from 100 to 105 degrees, as iu other fe vers, but more often the body heat is ■ hiif.llnla <.lovqt>.q in,,! u, a., 180 CP kdU ft! mont correspondent of the London Daily News, but eveu if he hud beeu able to wade across without being drowned, he would have been what in Ireland is called “drowuded’’; and it is uo help to a day’s shooting to begin it soaked to the skin. 80, when a tall man happened along, the king hailed him. “You must carry me across,” said the King. “Well, comrade,” returned the big man. “it would take a good deal to make uie do that. You may not be very long, but you are broad and heavy.” *• “Oh, come, what will you do the job for?” asked the King, slightly ruffled by the allusion to his sore point—his hulk. “Not one sou uuder a hundred.” the man replied, “aud I warn you, if you fidget, I’ll drop you, eveu If it should be In the middle of the stream.” “Done!” cried the King. But in mid channel a fear seized him that his pointer was not following, aud lie twisted around to have n look. “Bourreau! You shall be paid for this!” growled the porter; but he did uot drop his burden. “Now.” said he, as he deposited the King on the bank, “you must pay me not one hundred, but two hundred sous. Don’t you know you risked both our lives with your fidgeting?” The King humbly pleaded that he wanted to see If his dog was safe over the water, and paid his ten francs cheerfully, aud then asked: “Is there nothing else I can do for you?” The big man pondered. At last he said: “The thing I am long wishing for is a donkey. If I had a donkey I should be happy as a king. I'd sell my little crops in Turin theu ” “But it’s a long way to Turin,” ob jected tbe King. “Wouldn’t a horse better serve your need?” “What a horse and no stable? A donkey fills in in a corn shed or any where; but it would cost me many a lira before I should have a stable built” said the man mournfully. And so they parted. But soon after ward the King provided one of his own farm horses and sent it with 20 gold pieces to his bearer’s cabin. The man’s wife was at home, and scouted the idea that beast and money were for her husband. The messenger, however, was firm. He explained that the gifts came “from the King.” Tnis excited the woman’s mirth. She shout ed down the hillside to her husband: “Come home! Hero’s a horse for you, man, and a purseful of gold! From the King! For yourselt!” It took the big fellow a loug time to get it into his head that all these mira cles had happened because he once helped a stranger over the torrent, but at length he accepted It for true. That, however, Is uot quite all the story. One day, when the peasant and the cart and the horse were iu Turin, he saw a crowd gather aud the people said the King was coming. Then he bethought himself of his manners. He flung the reins to a boy, straightened himself to his full height, and went iuto the middle of the street, holding up au imperious hand to the coach man on the box of the royal carriage. The coachman reined up, the moun taineer bounded to the carriage door aud shook the King’s hand heartily. “I am proud to see your majesty,” he said, “for I wanted to thank you for sending me the money and the horse. Look over at him there with the cart load of cabbages. He Is hale and hearty! And I always wished to tell you I am glad I was of service to you at that stream; and I am sorry I culled you a bourreau.” The King greatly relished the frank, Independent ways rf his Alpine sub ject, his uneonveutionallty and good breeding, as well as the hearty hand shake, which was returned with equal heartiness. RESTING THE MUSCLES. Why a Man Stretches and Yawns When He's Tjred. When a man Is tired he stretches his arms aud legs and yawns. Birds and auimals, so far as possible, follow his example, says the Pittsburg Dispatch. Birds spread their feathers and also yawn or gape. Fowls often do this. Fish yawn; they open their mouths slowly uutil they are round, the bones of the head seem to loosen and the gills open. Dogs are inveterate yawners and (In .^rnerican^ewsvap^t How the Japanese and Chinese Bat Their Food. While a pair of chopsticks may seem to us to be the clumsiest of substitutes for the kulfe and fork, the Chinese and Japanese use them with such ease and skill that they are magic wands iu their fingers. “They cut their food with their dag gers, and they eat with pitchforks.” cried the horrified Japanese who first saw Europeans eating in such a bar baric and revolting manuer with the knife and fork. Light-fingered, deft, aud Imitative as the Japanese and Chinese are, it takes them as long to learu the proper aud graceful use of the kuife aud fork as It requires for us to master the evo lutions aud etiquette of the chopsticks. It is a pret»y sight, ut the begiuuiug of a Japanese or Chinese feast, to see the host help his guests to sweets, as then is displayed the best and most graceful play of the chopsticks. One can take a lesson, ns the master of the feast daintly lifts cakes or confections and places them ou the plate or paper before each guest. The Chinese chop sticks are longer than the Japanese, often metal-tipped aud decorated, and are used again and again. Mandarins carry tlieir own silver-tipped ivory chopsticks to a feast, wipe them clean, and carry them home agaiu when it is over, lu the common restaurants in Chinese cities, the chopsticks consti tute a lottery for the patrous. All the sticks are kept together in a deep, round box, and certain ones are mark ed ou the lower end with a Chinese character or number. The oues who select those chopsticks from the box are entitled to an extra dish or portion without charge. In the old city of Tien-T»in, particularly, one is half deafened when he passes a restaurant by the rattliug on the boxes of chop sticks and the shrill voices of the pro prietors screeching the merits of tlieir establishments at the top of their lungs, uud appealing to the universal passion for gaming. In Japau, where exquisite neatness aud daintiness mark every part of household living, the same chopsticks are used only once. At a feast, or at au ordinary teahouse, a loug paper en velope laid beside one’s bowl contains a pair of twelve-inch sticks uo thicker than lead pencils, whittled from clean white pine. To show that they have never been used the two sticks are whittled in one piece and split apart only half their leugth. When the first course of the meal is brought In one breaks apart his chop sticks, and plaeiug oue lu the angle of the right thumb, bruces it firmly against tbe tip of tbe third finger, as in Fig 1. That chopstlek is held rigid and immovable, receiving no motion except as the whole hand turns upon the wrist The other chopstlek is held by the thumb, first and second fingers (Fig. 2), just as tbe pen is held lu writ ing, and is the working member of the pair, moving freely up aud down or in any direction. A little practice will enable one to manage the chopsticks with ease, aud to hold them lightly, but so surely and firmly that they will not wobble nor lose their hold of any thing. At first oue will find his chop sticks making X’s and crosses in the air, tlylng out of his fingers and per forming strange and unexpected tricks in his helpless right hand. A traveller enjoys his meals at a Japanese tea house, when he can pinch off a morsel of fish with his chopsticks and dip it in the cup of soy, hold up a hit of fowl aud nibble It, and do expert tricks with the couvwiient little sticks. Some small boys and girls whom I have known, have become so infatuated with CHOPSTICKS. FIQ. L FIO. 2. NO. 21. The Japanese rice Is so »I«Ut>ooh that It Is easly lifted up on the chopsticks in balls or lumps; but the loose, dry grains In a Chiuamau’s rice-bowl require a different treatment. He puts the edge of the bowl to his lips, and the two sticks are used as a shovel or fan, and sweep the rice into his mouth in a steady stream. Then the Chinaman presses the last grains iu with the sticks, closes his lips, ai.d sets down the bowl. Two such “plays” usually empty the rice-bowl, and the China man only stops when his mouth Is full and his cheeks stuffed out like balls. All meats, Ash, and vegetables are booed or cut Into small pieces In the kitchen before they are cooked, aud more than half of the dishes at an Ori ental feast are soups or stews, rice ac companying every course as breud does with us. The use of the chopsticks Is not con fined to the table alone. The Oriental cook will turu the cakes, or the chops, or anything iu the frying-pan or on the gridiron with his chopsticks. The spoon or paddle is seldom used, and in a Japanese kitchen there is no pronged instrument equivalent to our fork. The cook stirs and beats with his chopsticks, and eveu spreads the icing on a cake with them, and rubs flour smooth in a cup of water. A Japanese cook will say “Naruhodo!" 'wonder full. and a Chinese cook grunt some thing unintelligible if you show them a patent American egg-beater churning the white of an egg to froth with its in genious arrangement of wheels cranks, blades and wires; but they both will put the egg-beater away on the pantry shelf and go on beating eggs to a stiff froth with chopsticks—and do It so well and so quickly that one loses re spect for the inventive genius of the age. A SCALPER’S TICKET. IU Time Was Expired and the Passen ger Was Ejected. “Talking 'bout scalper’s tickets,” said au old conductor, “the queerest thiug l know io that line happened wheu 1 was working for the Missouri Pacific, back in the ’Bos. My run was between Kansas City and St. Louis, and one morning as 1 was pulling out ou my east-bound trip a fellow gave me un old three-day excursion ticket that had expired at least six months before. I told him it was no good, and after con siderable growling he handed me some small silver. That will carry me to ,’ he said, naming a little way station, ’and between times I’il think it over.' ‘Very well,' l replied, ‘but I gave you notice right now that I won’t curry you a foot further unless you put up the money.’ He made no answer auu beguu r u>\ . iffftst. When we got to the station I was by his side. ‘Well, sir,’ I said, ‘what do you intend to do?’ ‘I Intend to ride ou this ticket,’ he snarled. ‘l’ve read it over and It’s perfectly good.’ ‘l’m not going to argue any more about that,' said I; ‘you pay your fare quick or get off.’ ‘Not unless you’re the best man,’ said he, looking ugly. Well, I threw him off, nut it was a tough Job. He fought like a wildcat and came near licking both me and the brakemau. The station where this lmppeued was in the heart of a wild moonshine district, and the crowd that collected all sympa thized with the passenger. As we pull ed out they stoned the train. I expect ed to hear from the fellow almost at once, but I didn’t, and the affair soon passed out of my mind. “Six months later I liappened to be in the general office when to my great surprise I saw him coming out of the manager’s private room. ‘Who is that man?’ I asked a clerk. He laughed. ‘Why, don’t j'ou know him?’ he said. ‘He’s ,' aud he named a detective who had lately worked up the evidence In a big tralu robbery case in the very neighborhood of the station where our row had occurred. Then I understood. You see, he wanted some good excuse for going Into the settlement, and there was no better role than that of a poor man Just ejected from a train by a brutal conductor. He had his scalper’s ticket to show, he bad Just put up a genuine fight and he claimed to be dead broke. All that appealed to the natives, and they took him in at once. The re sult was that he stayed there a mouth and picked up all the evidence he want ed. It was a shrewd scheme, but I still thbJi he madi that scrap unneces sarily rcJMstlc.”— New Orleans Times- HemocJtC