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THE OHIOAOO EAQLE.
I H ' : 1 1 i 1 il I WjfaalalaMaaaMlr aaaaaaaaaaaaVlaaaaaaaaasasMr JKMmBBskSoSBSSV: mfflmmmamM. '".'t'.yA The THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE Want to Know About Torrencc. To th)' Ktlltor: I notkvd In The tingle of Inst week nn editorial commending the iiiumu of (lull, .luxeph T. Torrencc lu this campaign. Im this the Torreiico who wilil he would leave the country If llryiin was elected? Ik this Tor nnet the aristocrat? 1m this the Tor renee who dislikes the poor, nnd who Ih known as "gold plate Joe?" CHAItl.KK IiltOWN, Mechanic. Power & O'Hrlcn Pnririf. Why don't the silver men call their Chicago day parade the Tower : O'ltrleii iMirade?' I hoc that Mr. O'Hrlcn Is marshal of the South Side Clubs, and his partner. Aid. Towers, Ih marshal of the West Side. It Is tin) had there Is not n North Side member of the tlrm. C. T. Ml'ltl'IIY. Ho Will To Keuclirtl. Why don't the grand Jury get after W. I. Kent, late Commissioner f Tub lie Works? Ills relations with some of the contractors demand attention. WKIISTKU AVK.NTK. Tho Favored Wnrklnum.in. To the IMItor: Writers are eoiistnnt ly and vociferously ilefeiidlug lalsir ami opHslng capital. In fact, It seems that nothing too mean can be said of the capitalist; nothing too nice of the latmivr. Now, Isn't there danger of this sort of thing being overdone? It Mtrikes me that If these protestations of love for labor ure sincere they are ex tremely extravagant. If not maudlin; nnd If, ns I Hiispi'ct, they are mere pre tense, they are contemptible. The man who work with his hands Is entitled to respect lu proportion to his achieve ments, but he does not deserve to be fondled and worshiped. He docs not particularly deserve a pedestal, and Is likely to reel himself out of place Upon one. And If this thing of cajoling and jM-ttlng the laborer Is to continue, what will be tho iliinl result? Thu working men of this country a if already thor oughly organized and pretty well able to defend themselves. If there was ever any danger of capital encroaching upon the fundamental rights of labor it Is put now, and from the defensive to the offensive Is but a short Mep for nu organization favored by the appar ent partiality of public cutlmcut. And may the Lord pnerve us from the dcopotlMii of the average workliiginaii. iierteil and humored as In has been by f the demagogues of the past decade, If lie once gains unlimited power. Some times It appears that tills tyranny Is already upon us, when we note liow seldom any newspaper or public man dan; lift a voice of protest against ev-ery-day deeds of organized riot and )uvhries; and how painstaking our modern politician plucks away the thorns to place n soft wreath of redol ent roues upon the sweaty brow of 1ii1h)I It may be true that "corpoin lion have no r-oiiln," but they have brains, ami there are labor trusts which have neither. I am a poor man myself, who once had fond nspli.i- tlons In the direction of wealth; but lu tho light of the modern Idolization of i the iHivcrry-xtrJckcii l.ilKirer i have I about concluded that It Is better at . leant wifer to remain poor and petted. beloved by statesmen, the cynosure of every iiolith-nl eye than to descend to tho bnrnn and treacherous level riches and worth, HI'NUY IIICKI'Y. The pinnies of tho X-i.iys, accord ing to the present knowledge of them, Is thnt they will penetrate almost ov cry part of tho living but the liver. 'fimsmsmm' .'.' A M IMBnXlHH'K HON. GILBERT B. SHAW, Popular and Able President of the American Trust and Savings Bank. IMward C. Tace. candidate for State Treasurer, was born and raised lu t In state of Illinois. He Is uhout "." years old. nnd during his youth and early manhood lived with his parents lu .lef ferson County. For a number of yearn he resided nt Mt. Vernon, 111., where he was engaged In general business. Subsequently he changed his residence to Ashley. Washington County, where he engaged lu the banking business. OI.. KDWAIlt) v. pah:. organizing the Centennial Hank, of Ashley, III. He Im an admirer of line stock, and can tell a good horse when he sees one. He has a wife, three daughters and a son. Mr. I 'ace Is of lighting stock, his grandfather being a soldier lu the war of the American devolution under den. Washington, while his father served against the llritish during the war of 1N1U. Tor four years Mr. Tace served as a mem ber of the State Hoard of Kqualixutiou. and for live years was a member of the State Hoard of Agriculture, ami later was a member of the Illinois State Hoard of World's Fair Commis sioners. From the Teorla Herald. Tho details have been received at Sail Francisco of tho loss of tho Ger man steamer Itlls I" tho China Se.i on July in, when seventy-live, nil but eight of tho crow, went down. The bravery of these men lu tho fnco of death and their exalted display of pa triotism at thu moment of dissolution form a messago or Inspiration to nlf men or all nations, When llrst It wan known that t'te ship was doomed the captain gathered his men about him, and all Joined lu a mighty cheer for I their F.mperor and tho fatherland. I Tho sound or their voices yas yet lu tlio nlr when tho ship uroKo in two. Tho end was now but a row minutes olT, but In the words or tho report; "Just as a big wave came curling to- I ward tho lost vessel Gunner Itaclin re quested the men to Join lu singing the ! national anthem. They grasped each other's hands, and, "1th their voices mingling with tho howling of the ; storm, they went down to death In the ea." Tho roar of Hrltlsh guns lu front of Zanzibar Is taken by competent writ ers to have meant the practical ex tinction of "tho Liverpool of Fast Af rica." For mnny years this old Arab town has played an Important jisrt lu tho development of tho Dark ConC ueut. It Is thu largest city on th'.' coast, nnd Its commcrcu has been dis proportionately large. It has been thu hceuu of Important negotiations lu tho diplomacy of tho F.nM. If recent events ri.olt In utrf.n.'tlif.Tilfi" file 1 1 ! r. , -....,, . w , .,.. ..... ..... " ! lull hold and Inlliience, thu policy of ' developing tho port of Mombasa, on thu mainland, as tho outlet for Hrltlsh Kast Africa, will probably bo tho dooi.f of Zanzibar. Ouu good ro-.ul t lookcif for Is tho extinction of tho slavo trade, or which Zanzibar has long been tho center. BjBSbbbbbbbbb7 'a Wjffll p 4 A THE WORLD'S MERCHANT KING. Much Wit Atcxumlcr T. (Steward of New York City. In Itself a business disaster to be greatly deplored, the recent failure lu New York of the Immense dry-goods emporium of Albert T. Hilton Is deeply interesting, Inasmuch us It was the store of Alexander T. Stewart, the mer chant king of the world. Willi It dis appears the last trace of Stewart's glory. Other great merchants have left descendants to carry on the busi ness enterprises which they had found ed. Stewart left none. Ho was com pelled to leave his business In the hands of an outsider, who In turn en trusted It to his sons. Alexander T. Stewart was the greatest man of pure commerce known to modern history. Ills genius for trade and thrift was ab solute. Ills passion for It was never equaled by any trait of his character except the passion that had for Its aim the enlargement or his trade. He was a Scotch-Irishman, born lu Ireland. Splendidly educated lu Trinity College, Dublin, lie came to America with noth ing but a great mind and a character or great strength and lullcxlhllity. At llrst he taught little children, and then ho became a tutor of I.atln and Creek. He had met n mail named Chambers who knew something about tho dry goods Hue. They became friends. One day young Stewart told his friend that liu had fallen Into a little property and was about to go home to get It. Cham bers asked him the amount. Stewart .M.KXAMir.ll T. STKWAUT. replied Hint It was 1 o.imjo. What would he do with the money? the friend que ried. Iteturn to tho United States, said Stuwart, invest It and live on the In come. Chambers told him to do no such thing, "ir you go to Belfast," tho young man advised, "and Invest your money lu Insertions and scallop trimmings ami return here you can sell your purchases for twice the amount." Stewart laugh ed. Hu said ho knew nothing of trade. He could not even buy a pair of gloveo without help. He sailed for Ireland, round his entire legacy to be only about Jjf.'.lMin, and took the money. Ho went to Belfast, bought the goods his friend advised and brought them home with him. This was A. T. Stewart's llrst business transaction. In a little wooden tenement at '-'S.'t Broadway, Chambers and Stewart founded their great liou-e, The tiny store was stocked with tho purchases madu In Belfast. Tho dimensions of the room were 2Q'i feet, Thu pur chases so wisely made were sold at a tremendous profit, and when young Stewart saw his money Increase ho easily and ho rapidly the deslro for more proilt, made lu thu same way, en tered his mlii tl and hccuuio a part of him. Tho small shop soon hlosnoiucd out Into rich colors. The business grow and a removal was necessary. And af ter this It grew ntlll faster and there weru nioro removals and many exten sions, until lu tluio Stuwart & Co. V built n great store nt thu corner of Broadway and Chambers street, upon which they expended n quarter of a million. Still the business grew and this store was given up to thu llrm's wholesale trade after they had built another great store at Broadway and Tenth. Disastrous as It was to many other concerns, the elvll war was of great benefit to Stewart A: Co. Stewart, with his characteristic foieslght, had bought and bought, and when the Government found that It must buy blankets and clothing and canvas and other things of that description. Stewart's house was thu only one which could furnish them. Willi u Hue chance to bleed the country In Its time of need. A. T. Stew art contented himself with only u fair profit. Before thu war hu had grown to bo many times n millionaire; after It ho was worth flo.oiHUHHi. He made friends among the high i)iid mighty men of thu nation, and Gen. Grant upon becoming Tresldeut wanted him lu his Cabinet as Secretary of the Treasury. There was u law on the bonks, however, that no Importer could hold thai position, and so Stewart was ruled out. At thu close of the war he was thu richest mini In America, nnd was thu head of the most extensive business establishment In all thu world. Ho founded homes for worklngiueti, and evidently desired to scatter as much of his accumulated wealth us he could In every direction. When he died, lu 187(1. he left real estatu that was to bo valued away up'lu thu millions. PALMER'S NEW HOME. World' Fair Tresldeut Huh ii Hoik! omiu hualilciivc Nenr Detroit, ICx-Scnntor Thomas W. Talmer, who was thu president 'of the Columbian Kxposltlou Commission, is building a uuw house nu his wonderful farm near Detroit, The house will be a thing or beauty, and will bo1 tho only perfectly tlreproof dwelling In tho country round about It. The nrchltectiire Is to bo or tho coloulnl type, tho material of red pressed luiek and huff stone trimmings. Tho Chicago steel skeleton of frniuu work system or construction will hu used. Theru will hu hollow tile floors and ceilings and a roof of sheet copper. Tho cornices aro to bu ornamental stucco lu eolonl I style. The Interior will hu very Hue. Marble bathroom, hardwood floors, apparatus for steam heating, electric lighting and gasoline gas will go to miiku a very eoinrortable and ornate home. The site Is a pretty one. Tho house will stnnd between tho old orchard and thu new orchard which Mr. Talmer planted not long ago. This finishing touch to Log Cabin Farm i i tm raMLMGri "UJhr..LjTinl.,.T...I7T..fl.-TTi-r.: ('W ir'ggW'-'f qyyr'gj Wit! iwi" ','JI DKNA'inil I'Ar, MIlll'S M.W IIOMU. makes that property union more deslra bio than ever. Its (157 acres aro laid llko an Bngllsh parterre. Senator Talmer Is fond of nleo houses. When hu went to Washington hu did not rent, as most statesmen do, hut bought a lot and put up his own browustonu palace on McTherson Square. Tho question which a lady who re ceives an offer of uinrrlngu should con sider Is not merely whether shu has won tho affections of her admirer, but also whether, ir won, eho can keep them. To have and to hold are two dif ferent things. A $sr ' , jJtMJtiiAh.iff': 'if mf Ssatt SWINDLING ADVERTISERS. Scotland Yard Detective Keap an Bye Upon Dangerous Bhnraera. There Is ono olllclnl nt Rcotlnnd Yard who Is but Utile known to the public, but who nil the Mine works rcry hard and successfully for the public good by closely ecnnnliiff, day In and day out, the advertisements nppearli In very London newspaper. This official's primary duty Is to kp a bright lookout for the rcry numerous swindling class which advertises for managers and so on prepared to Invest money; but, quite beyond this, he, lu tho most enrefnt manner, notes all ad vertisements as strlko him In any way as being suoplulous, haudlng them over to tho heads of different departments. He Is himself nn expert In all matters that deal with cipher writing, and part of his duty Is to translate every cipher that mny appear, handing over a copy of tho translation to nctlvo members of tho staff when anything Is revealed that Justifies such n course. The writer had the privilege the oth er day of a short chat with this official a bright young fellow, speaking sov cral languages, who said: "I nm nfratd that 1 ntn not allowed to tell you much, but I mny say thnt no day ever passes without my handing over some advertisement for Inquiry. Our scrutiny In this way has becomo very keen recently, for It Is nn open secret that certain foreign catch ad vertisement swindlers nro expected hero ere long. "Kcsldcs, thero hare been exposed to court many cases of swindling recent ly which linvo depended solely on al luring ndvcrtlscttients. lu two of them I gnvo warning long ago, but no prose cutor would come forwnrd. Wcro I allowed to do so, I could show you hundreds of most mysterious cipher advertisements In the book over there, tho bulk of these, of course, being be tween lovers, but many of them con taining warnings from ono educated swindler to another. "Of course, you know thnt tho thieves even nro nil specialists nowadays, and It Is surprising how soon n bogus ad vertisement swindler gets to work again lu the same direction when ho Is released from jail. I nm ndvlsed of tho release of these men, nnd tho char acteristics of their stylo aro soon ob servablo again in tho advertisement columns. "We, as n rule, warn them at onco that we recognize the new plant, nnd In this way hundreds of warnings are sent out yearly and do an amount of good that the public knows nothing of. My duty Is very monotonous, nnd I dnro not get oven a single edition behind-band."-London Tlt-Ult. HOUSING OF THE POOR. The Wnac-Knrner llaa a Deep In tcn-at In Thla Ml eject. What nro tho wngc-enracr's special Interests In Improved housing? In tho first place, this class Is vitally Interest ed In the conservation of health. Good health means earning power, and ns worklngmen lend more or less of baud tomouth existence, any loss of cnrnlng power Is n serious matter. Lord Ben consQcld aptly voiced tills truth lu an address delivered at thu opening of sonio new blocks of Improved tene ments In London. Ho snld "tho health of tho people Is really tho foundation upon which all their happiness and their power depends," Few renllxo the loss of productlvo energy through sick ness brought about by bad living en vironments. Mir James 1'nget, tho dis tinguished English physlclnn, esti mates thnt the whole population of En gland between llftcen and slxty-flvo years old works in each year twenty millions of weeks less than they might If It wcro not for sickness. Ho puts down tho loss Inflicted on wageeurucrs at nssrly fifteen millions of dollars an nually. Ho rofers simply to a purely preventable loss. Some years ago tho London health authorities Instituted In quiries In ccrtnln low neighborhoods to estimate tho valuo of labor lost lu n year, not by sickness, but from sheer exhaustion Induced by unfavorable sur roundings. It was found that upon the lowest average every worker lost about twenty days In tho year from this cause. Ono might go on multiply ing such Instances, but It is not neces sary to enforco the irgument by cumu lative citation. Wage-earners aro vitally Interested In tho pussngo nnd enforcement of wlso sanitary laws. Bad sanitation entails proportionally worsu economic conso quonces to them than to tho more high ly favored. They nro also mora often tho victim of sickness nnd opldemlcs, fostered by insaultnry neighborhoods. Tho worklngmnu has a positive Inter est In using whatever political power ho possesses to sccuro legal remedies ngalnst uninhnbltablo houses through expropriation laws such ns those cur rent In England, and tho mensuro re cently put Into operation by tho Bonrd of Ilenlth of Now York under the Ten ement IIouso Law of 1805. Who. if not wngo-enrners, nro Interested In tho obliteration of rookeries whero the death rate equals soventy-threo in a thousand? Whntuvcr promises hotter living conditions, no matter wlrathcr it comes from legal enactment or private effort, will find support from wage earners who uppreclnto their true Inter ests. Important ns nro tho physical and economic aspects of this question, they nro not the sole, perhaps they aro not not oven tho chief, considerations, Eth ical Issues have greater ultlinato sig nificance. Mnny of our moral and so cial Ills aro moro nearly connected with bad houslug than appears upon tho sur face. Take, for example, drunkenness. How absurd to supposo that Immoder ate liquor drinking enn bo suppressed so long as people nro left to live in houses whero lack of elementary sani tation snps vitality, whllo nolsomcncss and unnttractlvcncss Impels n search for outsldo relief, It Is entirely unjust to supposo thnt only a low Impulse to debauch or a reckless disregard of fnnv lly duties len.ds wage-earners to con tract tho "saloon habit." The utter dullness, tho lack of Individuality In tenement houso existence, often Ho back of tho futal temptation. Century. Every man hopes to bo hotter to his wlfo than his father was to his mother, and every woman declares that eho will bo less patient than her mother. Every woman seems to have a weak ness for palms, pillow cushlop and gossip. irtiu.! waii,, i m n i finiiraf itmte Drexel Cafe, Thirty-ninth Street and Cottage Grove Avenue.... t Licl Conn nn Steaks, Chops and Shell Fish Our Specialty. g-xoo. xx. xcjEi.xazia'OJEX, William Mangier & Co., RESTAURANT 119 and 121 LaSalle Street, NEXT TO CHAMBER Private Dining Rooms The Shakspeare Gafe. WM. L. WALLEN, Proprietor. Lais' il Ms' Dim Mb. KITCHEN, OPEN ALL NIGHT. Full Line Imported and Domostio Wines, Beers, Liquors and Cigars. Inter Ocean Bldg., N. W. Cor. Madison and Dearborn Sts. Formerly Hanan Myr' RATHtKILLIR. LOUIS A. KLEE, Manager. Sheridan Drive Club House, North Clark Street and Wilson Avenue. W. J. McOariKle, Proprietor Thi Finest Equlppil Road Houii In tht Wait. rhrea blooka aaat of Ravens wood Station on thaG. aW, It at Tnraa blooka wost of Sheridan Station on the O.U. A St F. X.B1 ETanaton Branoh, and Clark atreat eleotrlo oars paaa the plaoa. ask ran 164-188 lUdlun St. a MA fariS3& AT ANY FROCZEFV OR- -t- coune's J3aReri.es, J. E. GOODMAN & CO., Rialto Building, Van Buren and Sherman Sts. DEALERS IN Grain, Provisions & Stocks HILL & ENGINEERS Sewer Systems IA.NO- WATER 1413-1417 Chamber . i.., B)wai.vi;'A.lj.wy,.tki'j m ml Bar Manngori OP COMMERCE. on 2d and 3d Floors. VIENNA. NEW ENGLAND, COUNTY FAIR. DADDY DOLLAR. BREAD. CREAM OF MALT. and 179-181 Like 8t ENRICHT, CIVIL AND CONSULTING WORKS of Commerce, Chicago tj I A . JM .,& ;; tiigrs$ SL' '&& k tu-uUt i.(fjj:-i:i-if :"-t -