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Chicago eagle. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1889-19??, February 27, 1897, Image 10

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84025828/1897-02-27/ed-1/seq-10/

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CUBAN WAR BEYIEW.
TWO YEARS OF FIGHTING WITH
LITTLE RESULT.
History of the 1'rcneat Uprising
Story of the Btormjr 1st it nil from
Its Discovery Tonouraphlcal and
Climatic Condition.
A Land of Rebellion.
Nearly two yenrs lime elnpscil dlncc
tho Cubans iicelnrcd tlmt they woutd no
longer endure tho yoke of Spain. Mil
Horn ot dollar; hnvo liceu expended dur
log that time, both in the maintenance of
armies nud the destruction of the proper
ty of the people of the war-swept island.
'Feb. 24, ISIKi, is the date upon which
the Insurgents declared their Independ
ence, nnd before the end of the month
martial law had been proclaimed In Ha-
OENEIIAI. JUAN nt'lZ ItlVKHA.
vnnn, Jose Marti a placed at tho head
of tho provisional government, and Ucn.
Maximo Gomez had arrived In Cuba to
begin operation!.
The history of the Island runt coinci
dent with our own, and It therefore Inter
esting. Cuba wan discovered by Christo
pher Columbus Oct. 1W, 141)2. sixteen days
after he touched at San Salvador, nnd
nineteen years later his son. Diego, colon
ized the island, Pope Leo X. erecting Its
first cathedral. Velasquez followed with
new contingents, and In 1511) the capital
was located, at once as-turning n position
of Importance In tho eyes of the free
lances of tho ocean. In 1K!S n French
adventurer sacked the town, which was
government. Th beet sugar production
of Germany made Cuban culture unprof
itable. With hard times came discon
tent. The stupid Madrid Government
continued Its oppressive taxation, Injustice
nnd nepotism, nnd exiled patriots saw
their opportunity to glvo affairs a political
character.
Money was raited, arms bought, ships
chartered nnd parties of patriots some
of them veterans of the war of 1S08-78
were landed In tho eastern provinces,
where white and colored workmen of the
plantations and small villages wore In
duced to take up arms.
The location of Cuba Is such that In
case of annexation to the United Stntei
or even tho certainty of Its Independence,
the commercial beticllts accruing to this
country would be very great nnd lasting.
It Is only ISO miles from Florida, nnd nl-
though containing only 4:t,:ilt square
miles, or a little more than half the area
of the State of Kansas, every sectlou Is
stored with rich natural resources. It
has valleys that arc susceptible of rais
ing the tlnest grades of vegetable luxur
ies, and mountains 8,000 feet high. It
has -00 rivers, and Its seasons nro uni
formly divided rain from May to Octo
ber, sunny skies from November to April.
The population Is fully adequate to all
possible national nnd commercial require
ments. Five years ago it was announced
at 1.521,084. of whom H77.092 were
Spanish, 10,032 foreign whites, 4S0.240
blacks, and 43,811 Chinese. Havana alone
is credited with a population of 200,000
souls. There arc several short railways,
in tho aggregate covering some 500 miles.
Cuba abounds In citrus fruits. Thero
are peerless orange, lemon nnd lime
groves: cocoanuts, cocoanut oil, cocoa,
coffee, India rubber, tobacco these com
modities form the baso of supplies easily
obtained, whllo tho Interior and middle
sections boast Immcnso forests of ma
hogany and dye woods. It Is estimated
that tbcro aro 13,000,000 acres of unclear
ed mahogany forests alone. Tho wood Is
so common that chopping blocks aro made
of It, and watering troughs of red cedar.
Lignum vltno for flutes, lanccwood for
cnrrlago shafts and surveying Instru
ments, and other lino varieties of rnre and
precious timber also exist In wild and un
limited volume. There is the richest kind
of grazing for cattle. Forty-four times
moro food can be secured from an aero
of banaMU than from an aero of pota
toes, anf It Ja claimed that from that
mall area la Cuba 20,000 pounds of
Hour can bo obtained in a slnglo year,
and tho much-used banana wlno In pro
portion. With all theso manifold re
sources, It is estimated that tho Island In
normal times would toko (300,000,000
worth of merchandise annually from the
United States, to which country It now
sells 250,000,000 cigars every year.
Up to the present time, when Cuban In
dependence Is still hovering In tho bal
ance, tho history of tho last great strug-
sins and adventurers." Then began th
policy of terror nnd butchery ever sine
diligently pursued. The tortures Indicted
on prisoners, on suspects, on helpless, In
nocent women nnd children, almost out
rival tho Armenian cruelties! men were
lashed to death, slowly garroted, women
and children were enst Into burning
houses, blistered with lighted matches,
dismembered, and these horrors, coupled
with a memory of what 5100 patriot Cu
bans were suffering In Spain's pet con
vict colony Ceul a tired the blood of
every true native patriot anew, nnd
brought to them the sympathy of nearly
every nation on the earth. Tho Cubans,
stood llrm, with nearly three-fourths of
(he Island under control, with their civil
government full) established In Santiago,
, Puerto Principe. Sntita Clara nnd sev
eral minor provinces.
It Is n remarkable Tact that when Cam
pos, "tho strong man of Spain," arrived
In Cuba with ;.(l,000 soldiers "to recognize
belligerent rights" In 1870, out of 145,000
soldiers "previously sent, not enough had
returned to their native land, to consti
tute a regiment. The deeds following
tho oppression of those yenrs wero heroic.
Persecution inado martyrs. In ono In-
W. M. HOYT COMPANY,
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ntPOBTUI AMD -JOBMM OF
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TOnTtmED WITH nLAZIXO MATCTiel.
stance, a boy of 15 was arrested foe
seditious writings. He was loaded with
chains, kept at hard' labor, nnd finally
sent to Spain. Here ho becamo n brilliant
journalist. This boy was Joso Marti, the
great Cuban patriot, who by 1801 had
formed patriot clubs everywhere, and who
was tho first to appear as a war leader
when tho present revolt broke out.
Tho war In Culm may be prlraltlvo In
its general methods and barbarous in
tho matter of butchery, but it is certainly
modern In the rapid development of dynn'
mlto nnd other explosives as weapons of
offense nnd defense. To tho dynamite
gun used by tho Cubrfns In Plnnr del
ltlo more than to anything elso may bd
attributed tho noteworthy successes of
Maceo against tho Spanish troops. Invlt-
R. V. ROMANO,
380 South Halsted Street.
Watches, Jewelry and Diamonds.
HIGH GRADE GOODS.
' Special attention paid to repairing Fine "Watches, Jew
elry, etc. All work guaranteed.
General Western Agent Atlantic Steamship Line, from
New York direct to Italy.
Z. XL CARTER
J. B. CARTER
-
Z. R. CARTER & BRO.,
Wholesale Dealers In
Grain and Hay
Halsted and 16th Streets,
TELEPHONE CANAL 27. ...CHICAGO,
TELEPHONE, LAKE VIIW !.
HOW LONG MUST THIS I,ASTf
rebuilt when Ferdinand Do Soto, thn
discoverer of tho MlssUsippI Illver, wns
niado Governor. Spain prized Ilavnna as
a baso of operations. Thero Cortcss com
pleted his preparations for tho conquest
of Mexico, nnd thero Plzorro rested hi
tnen beforo proceeding to Pern. Despite
the strong fortress erected, tho French
In 1554 again destroyed tho town, when
two other fortresses for tho dofenso of
Havann wero built, which still exist tho
Sloro and the Punta. By 1000 tho colon
ists were raining cattle and applying
glo for Independence. In Cuba Involves the
same lino of victories ami reverses tlmt
characterized tho strife of tho '(ft, only
that tho people seem more determined
nnd better orgnnlzed. Tho death of
Marti May 10. 1805, nnd that of Maceo
a fow weeks since, wero severe blows for
tho Insurrectionists, for they Idolized
theso men. but Intrepid lenders nro not
lacking. Mnrtl's great political act una
the summoning of thn September conven
tion, which declared a provisional govern
ment. Ho wns shrewd, and persistent,
HENRY E. BRANDT,
Paints and Wall Paper,
w
,446 & 448 Lincoln Avenue.
Painting Paperhanfrlnn' and Decor at intf.
Wlfliiile: la. 410 Inoelui Ati., cor. Uietli in. "ittWit
i(VPHwvk Jw II eyJP'w 1 1 i !iaSj
ml T-.
MOTHCP. AND IIAUY SHOT IJV THE SPAXIAHHS.
thumb-HereWH and tho torch to tho un
lives to Induce them to reveal tho spot
where they found gold nnd other nug
gets. Then they stattcd tho cultivation of
tobacco and sugnr, and tho woes of the
natives began. Under a system of cruelty
aud oppression tho gcntla aborigines di
minished so rapidly that negro slaves
wero Introduced, and that eventually led
to tho internecine strife which has inndo
ono of tho fairest tpots on earth tho hoiun
of pestilcneo and crime nnd savagery In
warfare, the contemplation of which
sickens a civilized world.
After Invasions by tho French, English
nnd Dutch, nnd various claims as to thu
ownership of tho island, Cuba was ro
stored to Spanish rule in 170X A new
natlvo population now sprung up, and in
1700 Las Casus, whoso memory is re
vered by Cubans to this day, becamo
captain general of Cuba. Its iorta were
opened to tho world, and great public Im
provements wero effected. Dcsplto tho
Pawning of prosperity, however, and tho
representation of the Island In tho Mud rid
Parliament, several succoaivo outbreaks
occurred, culminating Intho famous
"Black Haglo" conspiracy of IS'JO. Good
governors wero few, nnd from Velasquez
down to Weylor, they wero tested with
absolute power. Insurgents wero burned
alive. Intolerance throic, nnd tho merci
less dealing of tho despots finally effected
nn amalgamation of tho white, red and
black races. Tho Insurrection referred to
was quelled, but others followed, and two
year since tho restlvo spirit of tho peo
ple, galling under an unjust yoke, uih
ucuuu1cd by still worso Spanish mis-
nnd In nn Incredibly brief space (if time
Imd vast qnnntltlfK of tlrcimii Imported
from tho United States. Hy December,
1S1)., tho Cuban forces were light In the
center of the Spanish nrniy. The latter
wero driven back for seven cousecutlvo
oAttciA's jiojinnu.r. Tontunn.
days, and Campos, then In command, was
forced to chiuiBo III strategic positions
by fJnnw, being overwhelmed at Calisco,
Christmas eve, (juiiica ns liu had prom
ised, was within a few miles of Ilnrnnn
and MntniuiiH. nnd so curtain of success
mimed the (Hurts of tho patriots, that
fjeii. Vclcr was sent "to subduo thh
congloB""" " -roes, bandits, iuas
Ihlo bullets, though deadly in their ef
fect, aro comparatively vary to. stand
against. It rcqnlrea superhnmnn nerve,
however, to fnce n healthy ilytiamlto pro
jectile, and It Is no wonder that tho Span
ish troops have been iuvnrlaliiy dcicateii
when called upon to make n stand ngnlns
such weapons. Army olllcers nro watch-.
Ing tho war In Culm with great Interest,'
ns the employment ot dynamite by tho
Cubans has satisfied the military mlud of,
tho vntuo of this explosive for offensive
purpose.
Desplto her flnnneial embarrassment
Spain has reesntly tfono relatively more
than any liuropeuu power, with the ex
ception of Great Britain, to strengthen
her nnvy. At present there are four tor-pedo-boat
destroyers In the hands of
builders. The first two hnvo recently
completed their olllclal trials, nnd theso
have been most successful In all respects,
Tho dimensions of tho vessels nro TMx
'JO feet, nnd tho engines are triple expan
sion, developing (1.000 horse power. The
engines at tho trials, Uith in the measured
milo nnd in the three hours' continuous
steaming test, worked smoothly nnd with
no heating. Tho iiiterunl appliances aro
of the must np-to-dnto character, special
attention boiug paid to what Is the general
defect in fell torpedo craft, namely, ven
tilation. The encounters nt Bocns del Toro, Pal
marito. Pnlmlms, CuunsI, Manut Mugnto
and Tngnascn were fast succeeding de
velopments of tho Cuban campaign iliiect
ly after the declaration of Independence,
but these wero mero skirmishes com
pared to tho events of tho past year. Tho
splendid mnich of (Iiiiiim and Maceo
neioss the island from Santiago to Plnnr
del ltlo, tho llerco tight within cannon
shot of Havana, tho constant destruction
of tho trochus, weio brilliant nchlec
meats that' terrllied tho ciicouuasiod
Weyler, until they culminated In tho
death of Maceo. With the opening of the
new year, however, tho situation seems
just as complex aud undetermined ns It
wns tho day nfter tho two chieftains
hoisted their ling In tho eastern province,
aud began tho battle for freedom. The
end is apparently no nearer than It was
a month after tho first call to arms.
bla Corks" ,
Cork Iuih become ono of tho most xnU
tiablo component of a city's refuse.
Great quantities of discarded corks nro
now used again lu tho nmnufacturo of
Insulating covers of steam pipes and
boilers, point to bo protected from tho
lutluuuco of heat. Powdered cork Is
very useful In tilling In horso collars,
and tho very latest application of thli
materia! id the lining in of pneumatic
tires with cork Hlmvlnss. Mats for
bathrooms nro mndo of cork exclusive
ly, nnd It also goes Into tho composition
of linoleum. Cheap life prcHcrvcrs uro
now IlllPd exclusively with bottlo stop
pels, cut Into llttlo pieces. ,
A Guatemalan mother gives her con
xciit to her daughter's umrrlagu by bo
laborlu? the young lady with a heavy
SHEFFIELD AVENUE SHOEING SHOP
GEO. B. MILNE,
Practical Horse Shoer,
648 SHEFFIELD AVENUE,
NEAR LINCOLN AVE.
Horses Shod on the Most Approved Princi
ples with Neatness and Dispatch.
mi Mm an WriB
1467 to 1481 North Western Avenue,
(Corner Humboldi Boulevard). If you have furniture to
store or move don't fail to see my storage house and team
ing outfit before going elsewhere. Separate clean and dry
rooms, with keys. Reasonable rates to all. Packing and
shipping promptly attended to. Dealer in
Coal, Grain and Mill Stuff.
Main Office: 302 It 304 Belmont, cor. Hoyne Ave.
Telephone
Wee View I
a. W. H. TARNOW, Prop.
r$S$8 T& &22T $M
FAMILY ORDERS SOLICITED. BOLE AOENT
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t. M. Oatttt rirt Old Byt. UN
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aria Mill 014 Boathoa t.M
Aadtram Old Beaiboa. I
Old Crow Old Boarboa I
IrUh Whisky, Joha JamUtoa I
ScotoaWBltkr.Aiditw Utbr gpteltl
BtMtro ...I
U kind of Brandies, Olna, Rumi and Bottled Goods el the finest
qualities at reasonable prloes.
BASS' ALE and GUINNESS' STOUT
ALL GOODS PROMPTLY DLLIVERED AT RESIDENCES. We
handle no oheap or adulterated goods.
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IVanBuren St.
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mmam worn rnxom xisjx.
o
American Brewing Go.
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lorthAsUait
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COLUMBIA " MINNEHAHA'
Brtuads of Lgfv Br.
JOHN M'CORMICK,
Headquarters for all kinds of
WHISKIES AND C16ARS.
3636 Cottage Grove and
3701 Armour Avenues.
OHIOACrO, XXjXjXJNTOXIB.
Ml
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OFFICE H CHICAGO, Unloi al Erie Straits.
ISIT-
I0TTUIG DEPAHTMEIT, 29 West Ohio Street
TtWtttm HINRY LIU, Manager. .'
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isfctptowata

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