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:75MaWHw,wv,k,JJt'i" -wwi&B4? w Aw5?T!Tn7??!I55S5?5w5 ' iTTM f ' w r , t t ' THE EAGLE THIS WEEK PRINTED AND DISTRIBUTED 178,817 COPIES, "INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS. NEUTRAL IN NONE." BBBBB. .Zi. At' flBBBBBv ' M 7 iffr" w i tL f.t' L 21 V V f A h . 3v fl &S V VOLUME XVII. THE EYE THAT The Great Pinkerton National Detect ive Agency and the Hen Who Watch Over It. Its Marvelous Career in the Last Forty Years, and Its Wonderful Work. A History of the Man Who Founded It and of Its Western Principal. An Institution Which to Business Interests and to Society. From Humble Beginnings It Now Encircles the Earth with Its Many Efficient Lines. No Institution In tin United Stales Is """Of'such great beucllt to tho business community an the Plukerton National Detective Agency, n picture of tho able "Western hcml of which grand concern appears upon tliU page of Tho Hank'. A sketch of tlu hlHtory of tho agency Ih best supplied In ii hlHtory of the life of Um patriotic founder, Alluu riukcrton. Allan riukcrton wax it man by nature fitted for tlic profession to -which he devoted his life, and In which ho achieved u fume Imitndcd only by the llmltH of the habitable globe. In the grandeur of his work he made himself of such value to the law mill order In terests that tho whole country can, and tlocH, Justly claim him as the greatest reprcHentativo of tho best Interests of a commonwealth of cither hucleiit or modem times, ltut the fact that he was n cltlr.cn of Chicago for over forty yearn, and that It was here that ho laid tho foundation of hU subsequent splen did career entitles hi in to a prominent placo In the pages of her history, and among those of her citizens whom It Is her duty as well as delight to pay thli slight tribute of respect. No history of Chicago would bo complete without a reference to Plukertou's National De tective Agency and to Its great found er, as well as to his worthy and nble de scendants who have so well conducted the great institution since his death. Allan Plukerton was born in Mulrhead street, Kuglcn Loan, In the city of Glas gow, Scotland, ou the 25th day of An- gust, 1810. Ills parents were In humble circumstances, his father, William Pin kerton, being employed as a police ser geant by the municipality. When Alluu was but a small boy his father died from the effects of Injuries ho received At the hands of a prisoner whom ho was arresting, and the family were thus de prived of their menus of support. Allan, notwithstanding his extreme youth, sought and obtained employment In a print mill, and until he reached his ma jority he earned a competence for tho family. Upou coming of age, Mr. Pin Iterton, who was always very Independ ent In his nature, became Identified with the famous Chartist movement for the people's rights lu Great llritalu, and when tho Government put It down forcibly young Pinkerton was forced to lice to America. lie therefore in 1842, after being married to Miss June Car frae, sailed the following day, with his wife, for America, landing at Quebec after a perilous voyage, wherein their vessel was wrecked and the suffering passengers picked tip by n passing ves scl'mid carried to that port. Prom Que bec Mr. Plukerton and his young wife made their way to Chicago by the lakes. The young couple, owing to their misfortunes, were nearly desti tute, but with a stout heart he applied himself to securing employment. Meet lug with tho late George Anderson, who was then engaged lu.tho tobacco busi ness, ho enlisted tho services of Hint gentleman In his behalf and soon succeeded In obtaining employment nt his trade, that ofji cooper, at Mil's browery, for 'meager wages, which, however, enabled him to live In a small houso near to tho present location of Itush street bridge. Ho remained In Chicago but a short time, and then journeyed to Dundee, In Kano County, , where ho began business for himself, no prospered rapidly, and his estab lishment Increased to such a degrco thut lie resolved to scttlo permanently SEVER SLEEPS. Is at Once a Protection lu that locality, but circumstances In terfered mid opened up to him the km nihilities of a new career which by na ture and Inclination he was so well qualified to adorn. Mr. Pinkerton will be pleasantly remembered by many of the old residents of Dundee now living. While employed In Ills business ns a cooper he had frequent occasion to visit some of the Islands In Vox Itlver, to procure materials for his stock, and while ou one of these hu discovered the existence of a gang of counterfeiters, who made tho Island their retreat and there established their headquarters. Having u natural love for adventure, and being a stranger to fear, he deter mined to thoroughly Investigate the en tire operations .of these counterfeiters, which ho eventually succeeded In do ing, effectually breaking up the exist ence of the gang and securing the ar rest and conviction of John Craig, the leader and prime mover, together with the most prominent and dangerous of his associates. This exploit gained for tho young cooper considerable renown, and shortly afterward ho was appoint ed u deputy sheriff of Knuo County; the duties of which position he tilled lu such an etllcleut maimer that numerous bauds of horso thieves and counter feiters wero either captured and pun ished or forced to leave tho country, while wrongdoers wero Inspired with n wholesome fear of his vlgllauco and re lentless pursuit. The reputation which he gained lu this capacity soon spread to Chicago, and attracted the attention of William L. Church, who was then sheriff of Cook County. This gentle mail Immediately offered Mr. Pluker ton the appointment of deputy sheriff, which ho at once accepted. He con tinued In this position during tho term of Mr. Church, and also under his suc cessor lu olllce, Sheriff C. P. Ilradley. When Mr. Uoone was elected Mayor of Chicago he apolutcd Allan Pinkerton ns a detcctlvo of tho city force. This was the llrst appointment of a detect ive lu Chicago, mid was the initial step lu tho career of this greatest detective of thu age. In the year 1852 Mr. Pink erton became impressed with the Im portance of establishing a detective agency which would be Independent of political Influence, and by whose efforts the criminal could bo punished without fear or personal favor. Ho according ly associated with him Kdwnrd L. llucker, an nttorney-at-hiw, mid secur ing thu patronage of several railroad companies, then lu their Infancy, they started the "Pinkerton Detective Agen cy," the llrst Institution of Its kind lu thu United States. Mr, Itucker contin ued with him only about n year, wheu Mr. Pinkerton undertook the entire management of tho constantly Increas ing business, When thu agency was llrst established, they employed Homo four or live men; among tho most prom inent being George II. Bungs, after ward general superintendent, who re mained with Mr, Pinkerton until his deuth, which occurred lu 1881, aud Timothy Webster, who, whllo lu his employ, was taken as a Union spy, and executed ut lMchmond, Vn., during tho war of tho rebellion. From thut small beginning tho detectlvo force, under Mr. Plukertou's orders, Increased stead ily, until it uow numbers nearly :S00 men, Mr. Pinkerton, from his boy hood, was an ardent lover of freedom and free Institutions, and on coming to America was Impressed with a deop- CHICAGO, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1897 TWELVE PAGES iHfH iH-'tHH MR "WILLIAM A. PINKERTON. The Famous Detective and Principal of the World Renowned Agency. seated hatred of slavery. When the fugitive slavo law was enacted, his op position to this barbarous measure was aroused, mid ho resolved to use his ut most efforts to defeat Its operation. Ho Immediately associated himself with those old patriots, John Drown, James II. Collins, thu Lovcjoy brothers, and other prominent abolitionists, and ren dered most heroic and Important ser vice In running what was then called the "underground railroad." By his efforts and energy many a famished and hunted negro, who, guided only b the glimmering light of the north star, hud broken away from thu Iwnds of slavery and made his way to Chicago, on Ids terrible Journey to the welcom ing iMM-ders of Canada, has been fed aud clothed aud passed safely ou his way, many times under the very eyes of the otlicers of tho law who wero ready and anxious to send him back to servitude aud punishment. In those days it was not an uncommon thing to see Mr. Plukertou's house, which was then on Adams street, besieged by num bers of prayerful negroes, seeking his aid lu behalf of some trembling and hunted fugitive, whom tho law was about to consign to a physical pun ishment worse than death; and It Is needless to say that these appeals wero never inudo in vain. In thu year 18(10, Mr. Pinkerton Increased his busi ness by adding to It nu Important fea ture, consisting of n corps of night watchmen, or Merchants' Police. This force, which was started with only six men, how numbers more than four hun dred able-bodied wntchinen. Tho first captain was Paul II. Dennis, and tho next was the late James Fitzgerald; the present one, Captain P. Foley. Mr. Pinkcrton's detectlvo business soon grew to glgnntle proportions, and his reputation extended to nil tho leading cities of tho Kust. Among tho llrst nota ble and Important cases which came to him was that of the robbery of tho Ad ams Kxpress Company nt Montgomery, Ala., by ono Niitlinn Maroney, tho agont of tho company at that point. Mr. Pinkerton was engaged for this Investi gation by tho late K. S. Sanford, vice president of the Adams Kxpress Com pany. At tho time tho robbery occur red, Mr. Sanford was in Now York, aud ho at once applied to llobert Boyer, an expert detectlvo In that city. Mr. Boyer, on learning tho particulars of tho case, at onco Informed Mr. Hauford that there was only ono mail In tho country who was possessed of tho de tectlvo ability, tho natural flrinucss and dogged pcrsoverunco for tho task. Mr, Sanford listened Incredulously to these pnTPHI statements, and regarded with ridicule the Idea of sending to Chicago for a detective, whllo New York City wns full of them. However, ho took the advice as offered, ami placed the ease In Mr. Plukertou's hands. Tho result proved the wisdom of Mr. Boyer's recommen dations, mid although the operation ex tended over several months, and tho suspected parties wero followed from Alabama to New Jersey, they wero finally arrested, aud nearly the entire amount of tho money taken by the thieves somo $10,000 wns secured, most of It In the original packages. This money was unearthed from a cellar lu a frame house, and over a thousand miles from the scene of thu robbery. A handsomely engrossed testimonial wns presented to Mr. Pinkerton, by the company for his exploit, and now adonis tho walls of tho ofllco of thu Chicago agency. Tho success of this operation nt once established Mr. Plu kertou's reputation with the various express companies throughout the country, and when tho car on the ?.' Haven Itullrond was rohlied, soni'i lime afterward, by a gang of the most expert and desperate thieves, Andy ami Wil liam Uolierts, and others, Mr, Pinker ton was again sent for, and In nit !n credlbly short space of time the oinlro money $10,000 was recaptured, and the burglars lu Jail, waiting their trial, In 18(11, being employed by Mr. eVIton and other otllclals of thu Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Bullroitd io look out for Incendiaries ou their load, Mr. Plukerton discovered lu Bultlmoro a plot to assassinate President Lincoln ou the Journey from his homo to Well ington to be Inaugurated us President, Mr. Plukerton at once took charge of affairs, and carried Mr. Lincoln Kii'cly through Baltimore and tho waiting con spirators, mid delivered liiiu to his friends at Washington. When tho vnr of the rebellion broko out, President Lincoln sent for Mr. Pinkerton to i omu to Washington, and authorized liiiu to organize tho secret M-rvlco division of tho army, the llrst Government police force ever organized in this couii'ry. This was done with Mr. Plnkertonjit the head, under the noni do plume of K. J. Allen. In this capacity ho sewed the country during tho war, leaving l.ls Chicago ofllco lu the charge of capable people, aud, nt tho closo of tho war, en mo back to take charge thereof him self. His first Important case, ou re suming his former duties, wos Hio rob bery of tho Adams Kxpress Company, near Baltimore, by throwing tho safes from tho train whllo It was In motion, aud gettiug away with over $100,000. This case, with other cases of tho mio nature, was a success, the thieves, vlx lu number, lielng arrested, tried and convicted and the money all recovered. Some time later came tho robbery of the Hiirudeti Kxpress Coiupnny lu Bal timore,' by which $20,000 was secured. The thieves lu this case wero also cou vleted and the money recovered. The next important case was the roblvery of the CarlMindule Bunk, nt Carbundiile, Pn lu which case thu thieves wero ar rested and the money $10,000 recov ered. Following theso came thu rob bery of the Adams Kxpress Company ou thu New York and New Haven Ball road on Jan. (I, 1800. Thu thieves, six lu number, Including thu brakemau, entered the express ear by wrenching off the lock, mid then bursting tho sure. They secured nliout $700,000 In this exploit. Through tho efforts of Mr. Plukerton mid Mr. Frank Warner (the latter being, ut tho time, the sup erintendent of the New York ofllco), tho thieves were convicted niid tho money all recovered but about $12,000, tho most of which was afterward returned through n Catholic priest. The arrest and conviction of the robbers of My lurt'H Bank, at Scranton, Pa., next fol lowed, and ulMHit this time 180(1 Mr. Plukerton determined to enlarge his business and establish an otllce In New York, which he did that year, and af terward Instituted another ono In Phila delphia, both under competent super intendents. The next case of Impor tance of which Mr. Pinkerton had charge was 'the robbery, by Morton and Thompson, of tho express car of the Merchants' Union Kxpress Com pany ou the Hudson Itlver Bullroad, whereby they secured $100,000, Theso men were tracked to Canada, and there arrested, and, lu spite of nil that man could do and thu help which they re ceived from corrupt government olll cluls, they wero extradited to White Plains, N. Y. They iifterwnrd broko from prison, raided tho Boylston Bank In Boston, ami then fled to Kurope, In the same year came tho death of thu lteiiu brothers and Anderson, of Sey mour, Intl. Theso men wero despera does of the most pronounced typo. They robbed stores and express trains, burg larized safes, and tholr very tinuies became a terror along tho railroad lines lu that section of tho country. Kutlro discontinuance of express service was seriously thought of by tho companies. In 1808, near Osgood Station, Ind,, they robbed tho Adams Kxpress Coiupnny of $07,000, by boarding tho train," throw- (Continued ou page 2.) A GORY BASHER OF BLOOD Hoisted by Mayor Harrison for the Benefit of Tom Hanton. the Chicken Fighter. That Notorious Character Says that His Honor Has Promised Him the Boxing Privileges. Inasmuch as He Runs One of the Very Toughest Joints in the City, Where Business Hen and Citizens Are Slugged Every Day Without Any Police Interference, The Grant to .Hanton Means the Speedy In auguration of a Carnival of Murder. If. us Is currently reported by Hun ton himself, Mayor Harrison has prom ised the notorious Tom Hnnton tho "boxing privileges" of the city, then It Is time for the Civic Federation to step In nud enjoin thu game. Under such management ns that of Lou Houseman or Parson Davles no great harm can come to boxing. But If a single exhibition Is intrusted to Hnnton murder will result and tho Mayor and no one else will be to blame. Hanton keeps a tough joint In John II. Kcdxlc's building, 120 and 122 Ban dolph street. This Joint Is n resort for murderers, prize-fighters and toughs, and for u class of city employes who do no work, but who use the product of stuffed pay rolls to buy booze from Hanton. Hanton Is a committeeman who nov er sees his ward, but who has a "drag" with the administration because ho keeps u tough place. Among thu gang who ornament tho walls In this hell-hole are "Big Joe" Noelle, a well-known rutllan, whoso at tacks ou people In saloons Is a matter of local history and who will meet his end at the point of n gun, ns ho Is al ways looking for that sort of n death. "Feyt" Shirley and "Bed" Sullivan, notorious rounders and sluggers, who nro on the pay lyril of the special assess ment department at $105 per mouth each, aud who do their work at Hull toil's; are always on deck to slug re spectable customers of the Kcdzlo hell hole. "Fish Kye" Plump Is another notori ous character employed lu the city hall, who lives at Hanton's and slugs citi zens as they drink at the bar. But the pride of Hanton's hell-hole Is the unspeakable masher, Rosenheim, who was lined $100 for making Inde cent proposals to a little Statu street cash girl. He Is Hanton's star boarder aud Hanton has asked the Mayor to give him a good Job. And a gang of twenty or thirty other toughs-some with criminal records a block long. Almost every day somo citizen is knocked down In Hanton's hell-hole, culled after Kvanston's patron saint, "The Kedzle," without a word of warn ing. Four of tho ruflhuiH Jumped on ono business man In there lust week, after hu had been knocked senseless by n blow on tho back of thu head, and abused him fearfully. Four nights later ono of tho best known traveling salesmen In thu Chi cago clothing trado was struck over tho head with a bottlu as hu stood drinking at Hanton's bar. And not only does Mayor Harrison allow Hanton's license to run, but Han ton says that tho Mayor 1ms given him a promise that hu Is to have tho pro ceeds of a big boxing exhibition lu tho near future us a reward for "services rendered." If Hanton Is given such permission, In view of Ids recol, decent citizens will have to apply to tho courts for an Injunction. Wlillo Hnnton claims to be tho bono ilclnry of the boxing end of tho city ad ministration, Mayor Harrison clearly outlined tho policy regarding boxing when hu snld decidedly ho would not permit bouts of more than eight rounds' NUMBER 419. duration, these to be conducted under strict police regulations. There has been a general activity nil over Chicago lu the boxing Hue, and nil the amateurs have prepared for an ac tive season, ns well its many of the pro fessionals. Tho shorter number of rounds Is not ho disappointing to thu amateurs as It Is to the professionals and light promoters. He announced he would not grant a IK-rmlt for a twenty-round go between Tommy Byau and Young Cirlffo, which has been announced to take place Oct. 2:i ut Tattersall's. In speaking of tho matter, Mayor Harrison said: "Twenty-round lioxlug matches nro too long and I will refuse to grant n permit for such an exhibition. Six or eight rounds Is plenty long enough, and that Is the limit. Nothing longer than that will bo permitted. A twenty-round boxing Isiut savors too strongly of n prize tight, nud prize lighting could not be tolerated. I see no harm, however, lu short lioxlng matches under the Ml pcrvlsloii of tho police." Mayor Harrison was Introduced to Bob Fltzslmiiions lu the corridor of tho Gibson House, Cincinnati, 011 Monday night. Hu was Introduced to the cham pion pugilist by a mutual acquaintance and they chatted pleasantly together for half an hour on matters of general Interest. In speaking of the Incident, the Mayor said: "I was standing In the hotel corridor on Monday night, waiting for trnln time, when a friend came up aud said Bob Fitzslmmous wns anxious to meet me. I looked up and aw thu pugllllst coining through tho crowd toward me. We shook hands and gossiped for half an hour. Whllo wo wero talking tho crowd kept closing In on us, and finally we wero compelled to push tho curious onlookers back. As thu crowd parted I spied Bob Burku nud 1 called him over ami Introduced him to Fitzslmmous. After they had shaken each other's hand I Jokingly offered to match Burku against Fitzslmmous for a finish light, and offered to put up a purse. Fltzslm nions modestly refused to tnko up my offer. I guess Bob Burko has the dis tinct I011 of being the only man In the colmtry who ever challenged Fltzslm mons without being accepted." The grand Jury should Investigate the stuffed pay rolls of tho special assess ment department. Indictments would surely lio found against "Bed" Sulli van and "Peyt" Shirley if this wero done. Tho Idea of paying out the peo ple's money to rounders who don't work Is criminal to say the least. Kx-Muyor Cregler did whatever tho toughs wanted him to do, His experl- ' ence should prove a warning to Mayor Harrison. Tho reign of tho slugger has Just com menced. It can bo truthfully said that never lu the history of Chicago wero a slop pier lot of policemen been at street crossings. With wiloons running wide open where citizens are slugged and robbed dally, nud with thu gamblers lu clover, Chicago Is fast gaining a reputation It will be hard to shako off, HUM .jj-fWLr rt&tMti , U , i rt. 1 ts-fl .c-rf .Al .