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Chicago eagle. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1889-19??, October 22, 1898, Image 1

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- M .M
The Fine Record of the Democratic
Candidate for County Treasurer
Insures His Election.
The People Regard
Remember Him
The Registration Was Extremely Light
Last Tuesday for an Important
and General Election.
This Being Jubilee Week, Politic! Had to
Give Way to the Beal
Por the People Were in No Humor for Any
thing Ezoept Love of
Thomas Gillian Is maklug friends
every day.
HI popularity In hourly Increasing,
stud 111 chance for the County TreiiM',
urershlp crow brighter iih the election
draws nearer.
About hlx unions for the otlice there
Is no iluubt whatever In the minds of
.nnyoue. A successful business mnti,
he Iiiih shown by Ills able conduct of
bin own affairs that ho can be trusted
with those of the people.
The career of Thomas (inhnn, the
Democratic nominee for County Treas
urer, Is remarkable In many respects.
Without having been born In proximity
to the proverbial silver spoon ho has
achloved n standing In his party and
city and has had success In his under
takings that well reflect his qualities
of energy, ability, good Judgment nud
keen perception. Tho story of, his life
has peculiar Interest. Ltko so many
others who hare taken a part In tho
development of tho Western metropolis
ho was born In Cook County and ha
novcr called any placo but Chicago his
home. It was hero ho recorded all hit
triumphs and has won all his houoro,
which ho wears modestly. Ho nover
tells what ho has dono for Chicago.
What the city has done for lilm Is his
favorite theme. Ho Is ono of tho plo
uecrs of a multttudo yet to mako his
tory, who, llko the Itoman of old ov tho
.aristocratic scions of tho Knickerbock
er families of Now York, will tlud their
chief boast In the fact that Chicago
was their birthplace. The exact dato
of his entry luto his future sphere of
activity was April 7, 1847, lu n houso
a tnllo and n half from what Is now
known ns Arlington Heights.
Mr. Gnhan's boyhood was spent lu
nomadic fashion, wandering- over tho
prairies whero now the palaces of tho
city display tho Ingenuity of tho mod
ern architect and tho wealth of tho
owners. As n youth ho horded cattle
fur Nelson Morris for tho then satisfac
tory stipend of CO cents a day, rounding
up his bovlno charges, frequently on
tho site of tho haudsomp rcsldcnco ho
now calls his homo lu Michigan nvo
line. Ills boyish ambition was to bo a
cowboy, and while that deslro died
early ho naturally gravitated to tho llvo
stock trade, his first actlvo experience
bolng lu tho servlco of tho stock yards
llrm of Craglu & Hancock, for which
ho went to Texas and conducted opera
tions In 1808 and 1800. Ills lovo of his
native placo impelled him to return
from the Louo Star State, and for somo
tlmo ho wns employed about tho Unlou
Stock Yards, which continued to bo his
sphero of nctlvlty for over a decade.
Tho government of that populous por
tion of tho city thou known as tho
Town of Lnko was at that porlod crudo
nud Insecure. Police regulations wcro
Indifferently enforced, and wltli tho de
velopment of tho vast Industries that
now cluster about tho stock yards tho
necessity for a competent man became
Gahan was tho man of tho hour, and
his nppolntmcut to tho management of
tho local pollco force marked tho Incep
tion of a period of good order and tho
termination of lawlessness nud license.
Somo lmvo claimed that tho Instinct of
tho pollco officer Is thoroughly dovolop
cd In Gahan. Whllo this Is a fact, It Is
but ouo of tho many lights In which ho
has appeared to advantage, for his ver
Him Highly and Will
When They Cast
satility has at all times been remnrk
able. Had circumstances given hltn n
West Point career he would to-day
have lieeit prominent In tho operations
against Spain, for a disposition to reach
the top rung of tho ladder Is character
istic of tho man. Ho Joined a pollco
forco to becomo Its commander, entered
tho politics of tho Town of Lake to fill
tho highest ofllco In tho gift of tho mu
nicipality, embarked In business to oc
cupy a placo in the front rank, and In
more, recent years, lu tho wider sphero
of State nud national politics, has per
haps unconsciously emphasized this
dominant instinct to estnbllsh n reputa
tion for managerial ability and shrewd
uess, which in a few years promises u
career of unquestioned brilliancy.
At tho Stock Yards they remember
Gnhatl tho pollco officer ns a man of
strict discipline, who was over, ready
to do his duty and wanted his subor
dinates to meet tho requirements of tho
saino standard. Ills associates enjoyed
a certain degreo of familiarity with
him, but It was novcr of tho brand that
breeds contempt.. During tho labor
troubles that agitated that vast Indus
trial hive in other days his stern cour
ngo and good Judgment averted blood
shed at more than ouo critical Juncture.
Ho possesses tho faculty which com
pels others to carry out his Intentions,
oven ngalnst their own inclinations,
nnd In an emergency was novcr known
to dclegnto an unplcasnnt task to n
subordinate. His matter-of-fact pluck
won him tho admiration of tho crowd.
Ills bitterest enemies nro conscious of
his good qualities.
From a pollco captaincy Gahan be-'
enmo supervisor of tho town of Lake.
Ho was a novice lu polities, but In ths
now sphero his versatility asserted It
self. Ho was ex-olllclo chief of pollco
nud wielded the relax of tho dual po
sition with an ability that presaged his
future success. Kvlls were corrected,
order restored from municipal chaos,
nnd his re-election voiced tho apprecia
tion of tho public. It was during this
period that ho began a political career
marked with fow defeotH and ninny
successes. His pollco record hud dono
htm credit nnd his political career was
promising from tho llrst. Ho organized
tho Domocracy of tho town of Lnko
when It mustered n mero handful of
moil, wholly devoid of enthusiasm. His
first triumph was In tho nomination of
tho Into Julius S. Grluucll for State's
Attorney, which was accomplished
largely through his efforts. That was
in 1SSI, nnd Grluucll was tho only mnn
on tho Democratic county ticket elect
ed. Tho annexation of tho town of Lako
to Chicago found Gahan nominally out
of politics, ho having mcanwhllo laid
tho foundation of his successful busi
ness career, In partnership with Thom
as Byrne. Again tho occasion needed
a man, nnd onco moro Mr. Gahan re
sponded to tho popular call, At tho
election which followed aunexntlon ho
was sent to tho City Council from tho
Thirty-ninth ward, In which nro locat
ed tho stock yards and packing plants,
practically without opposition. At tho
general election of tho following spring
ho was re-elected without tho necessity
of meeting an opponent, tho election be
ing by acclamation and with tho practi
cally unanimous deslro of tho constitu
ency, In the Council ho promptly be
camo a leader and occupied a foremost
place In municipal legislation until ho
The nomlnnt'on of Palmer for Gov
ernor In 1888 orought Gahan to tho
front ns n factor In Stato Democratic
politics. Ho had much to say In the
convention that nominated Palmer and
afterward was a delegato lu tho nation
al convention at St. Louis. Tho teuiio
rury reverses of that year, although dis
couraging, merely prompted him to
greater effort nnd tho opening of tho
uext presidential campaign found him
In tho saddle. How ho practically dic
tated tho nomination of Altgeld for
Governor, his services In securing the
natlounl convention for Chicago, tho
energy ho displayed ns a member of tho
committee which constructed tho wig
wam, nro all matters of recent history.
It was during the succeeding campaign
that his ability as a political manager
was displayed and recognized. When
tho record of n sweeping Democratic
victory had beeu uindu Gahau's reputa
tion ns a campaigner was also made.
Govornor Altgeld promptly recogniz
ed his services by appointing him to tho
Hoard of Itallroad and Wnrchouso
Commissioners, affording him an oppor
tunity to rotlro from the City Council,
n sphero nover attractive to him, and
which he entered solely at the request
of his neighbors, the Stock Yards peo
ple. Ills conduct ns n State official was
In lino with his life-long policy, nud
dur.lng tho Interim between tho cam
paigns of 1803 nnd 1800 ho engaged lu
every battle fought by bis party. Tho
election of Cnrter Harrison tho older
ns World's Fair Mayor received his
hearty support, nnd when that sturdy
tlguro fell beneath tho nssnsslu's hand
Gabon's skill was shown lu tho manner
In which tho management of municipal
affairs w's saved to thu Democracy for
the bnlanco of tho Mayoralty term. No
ono did moro to secure tho election of
John P. Hopkins than he, nnd tho cam
paign, brief but vindictive, enabled
him to display his mettle.
Tho succeeding year found tho party
disheartened by reverses nud rent in
twain by Internal dissensions, Tho
county organization was lu debt nnd
no Moses wns In sight to lend tho
Democratic hosts to a hotter condition.
Again Gabon's genius wns npparcnt.
Ho yielded to pressure, assumed tho
leadership, applied business methods to
political affairs, and at tho opening of
tho 1800 campaign had freed tho or
ganization from debt nnd placed It on
a footing of enthusiasm nnd efficiency
that oxclted ndmlratlon. Ills election
to tho National Democratic Commltteo
at tho National Convention nt tho Coli
seum was his reward, nud during tho
hnrd-fought succeeding campaign no
ono man contributed moro In labor, en
couragement or financial support to tho
carrying on of tho campaign than ho,
At present ho occupies a leading posi
tion lu tho party, and with tho election
of a Democratic President In 1000 his
prostlgo will bo unquestioned.
As a business roan Mr. Gabon's work
has boon characterized by tho samo
success as his political efforts. Tho con
tracting firm of Gahan & Dyrno ranks
among tho largest In tho city. Its fame
has been acquired mainly In tho suc
Ths Marshal of the Finest Division of the
cessful carrying out of Immcnso drain
ago canal contracts, although tho con
struction of tho Itobey street sewer, tho
largest work of Its klud In the city, nud
the underground system nt tho Colum
bian Exposition were tasks of no small
magnitude. ,
In developing machinery for the exca
vation of tho drainage canal Gahan &
Ityrno utilized the best luvcntivo genius
of the age nnd spent Incrediblo sums of
money lu experiments. When they un
dertook this work twenty-two of the
twenty-six contractors had failed and
abandoned their tasks, deeming the dif
ficulties Insurmountable, nnd adversity
seemed to hnve beset tho hugo enter
prlso so essential to tho health of the
metropolis. In a few weeks Gahan &
Ityrno had altered the entlro aspect of
canal operations. Their specially de
vised machinery was the wonder of the
mechanical wot Id, and thousands gath
ered to witness Its operation. Under
the Impetus of this energy, the big ditch
began to assume depth nnd breadth,
and responsibility for tho construction
of section nfter section wns undertaken
nt tho samo prices for which tho orig
inal contractors had agreed to do tho
work and failed. To-day tho firm Is tho
most extensive of any In Its drnlnago
canal work, and has Just commenced
another largo section nt Jollct.
Contracting business does not, how
ever, absorb Mr. Gnhan's entlro ntten
lion. Ho is tho President of tho Ogden
Gns Company, nud also of tho Cosmo
politan Electric Company, a now com
pany which Is to spend f50,000 within
u short time.
Uullko many public men, Mr. Gahan
has not had his virtues frequently ex
tolled or his defects ciltlclsed. Enjoy
ing a wldo personal acquaintance
among nowspoper wiltors, ho asks of
them nothing. Otherwlso many a good
story of his achievements might add
Interest to tho nowspoper pages. It was
ex-Gov. Hubbard of Texas, who, whllo
chalrmnn of the 18SI Democratic na
tional convention In this city, seized
Gahan by the hand and snld warmly:
"Tho Stnto of Texas could well afford
to glvo you a substantial llfo pension."
Tho ex-Governor's reference to the
Lono Star Stnto's cause for gratitude
to tho Chicago man meant his capture
of John 1). Strong lu 187-1, lu connec
tion with tho wholesnlo forgeries of
deeds to tho Chlttlck and other prop
erties lu tho town of Lake. Gahan
captured Strong, who was In hiding In
Chicago, by a clover ploco of strategy
nnd took him to Austin, Tex., whero tho
subsequent revelations of tho prisoner
created an nstoundlng sensation, In
criminating many men of prominence,
Tho work is one of many episodes of
Gabon's career that oro rcplcto with
Interest. Victor Hugo contended that
notorloty was tho open scsamo to suc
cess, Gahan hns reversed his rule.
Somo Judgo a mnn by his business
methods nnd then lesults, others by
his benevolence, and still others by his
domestic life. Gabon's bcnovolenco
has Invariably been of tho practical
kind, and In tho distribution of largo
sums or monoy in charity, no act has
been dono ostentatiously. His ability
to secure employment lias mado him
the friend of the poor in the district
where he Is best known. Ono of the
secrets of his success has been his pol
icy of promising nothing ho could not
fulfill. That he would do as ho said
Iiiim been proverbial. '
Mr. Gahau's domestic llfo Is happy.
Ho occupies u spacious mansion In
Michigan avenue nnd his latch string Is
always on the outside to nil comers.
Years ngo Mr. Gahan lived In n frame
house on Unlou avenue, near tho stock
yards. Hero the neighbors gathered at
night to consult him ou various topics
nud always found u welcome. When
his growing family mado a change nec
essary nud ho moved over Into Hyde
Paik the stock yards people gathered,
several thousand strong, lu (ho big
horse sale pavilion nnd in mass meet
ing expressed their regret. A. S. Trude,
Itev. rather Dorney, e -.Midge Premier
gast nud others of equal prominence
were the oratois of the occasion, nud
when Gahau's tutu came what he said
was brief, lie expressed hls-gratltude
nud then Invited all his old neighbors
to consider his new house as open to
them ns the old ono had been. And tho
Invitation Is still In force.
Mr. Gahan Is a mnu of erudition, ns
his well-lllled library attests. By
snatching brief vacations from a busy
career ho has managed to travel over
tho greater part of his natlvo country
nud lias visited Europe. Ho Is deeply
Interested lu cducntioual affairs and
years ago devoted much of his tlmo to
tho schools of tho Town of Lake, oveu
then noted for their excellence. Ouo
of his objeots of prldo Is n fnmlly of
piomlslug girls, although his hopes
were checked isovernl years ago by tho
untimely death of two bright sons.
Irrespective of party affiliations, tho
life-long friends nud business nnd no-
lltlcal associates of Mr. Gabon nro his
warm supporters in tho pending cam
paign, Ono of his warmest admirers Is
Toliu II. Sherman, vlco president nnd
general manager of tho Union Stock
Yards, between whom nnd Mr. Gnhan
there nro many features of similarity.
They have been fast friends for many
years, nnd when Mr. Shermnn learned
that Mr. Gahan had been nominated
for County Treasurer by his party he
expressed tho opinion that tho office
could not bo llllod by ouo of moro sterl
ing qualities or unquestioned ability.
Levi 11. Doud, president of tho Nation
al Live Stock Hank, Is another who
places Implicit conlldciico lu every act
of Mr. Gahan, und Solvn Drlntnnll, the
veteran president of tho Drovers' Na
tlounl Hank, regards him ns ono of the
brightest and most able men lu public
nud business life. Jcsso Sherwood, of
tho Hoard of Education, and a promi
nent stock-yarder and member of tho
llrm of Greer, Mills & Co., who Is re
garded as an oracle, asserts that tho
election of tho Democratic ticket, and
incidentally of Gahan, Is merely a
question of election day.
Such men ns James H. Ashby, assist
ant superintendent of tho stock yard,
nud P, II, Duggan, track superintend
ent of tho Chicago Junction Railway
and an ardcut Republican, aro not only
conuueut of uauan's election, but pre'
diet for him a futuro of brilliancy.
A Number of Dogberrys Will Soon Be
Fired from tbe Lesser
The Governor Is Most Anxious to Avoid
the Entanglements Which Beset
His Predecessor,
And tho Judges of tho Courts of Record
Will Moot Just After
To Present to the Chief Magistrate a List
of Hen They Deem '
Out of. These the Selections Will Be Made
Many Incumbents Will
Be Dropped.
The bad Justices must go.
Tho wholo Cook County bench 1
against them.
It Is probnblo that 40 per cent, of tho
present Justices will be removed next
Once moro the practice of pettifog
ging lawyers lu bringing suits in re
mote parts of tho county has been
prominently brought to the attention of
tho higher courts, nnd somo of the
Judges nro considering drastic action
to check what they freely characterize
as a growing disgrace.
Judgo Urcntauo lately granted an In
junction agalust Thomas L. Humphro
villeaud Attorney Frank Little, togeth
er with three clients, restraining them
from bringing any more suits against n
local medical college. Tho collogo had
been sued ou a contract beforo Justlco
HuinpurovlUo lu River Forest, nud tho
Judgo refused to allow ouo of the liti
gants to mako a statement nfter ho ad
mitted bringing tho actlou lu tho coun
try Justlco shop.
Judgo Ilrentano declared from tho
beach that ho would do what ho could
(o put a stop to tho scheme of snap
shot, jug-handled actions nt law lu
distant corners of tho comity, far re
moved from tho rcsldcnco or business
of tho persons sued. Tho Judgo had
already expressed tho same views, as
have otlier members of tho Judiciary,
and all agree that a menus should be
found to remedy thesonbuscs of legal
"This thing is an outrage," said
Judgo Breutuuo. "Ono of tho llrst prin
ciples of a law action Is that both sides
shall bo fairly heard, but when a mnn
Is sued In an Inaccessible port of the
comity nt nil unseemly hour this Is out
of tho question. For Instance, I know
a dowu-towu business mnu who wns
sued at 8 o'clock Monday morning out
In Harrington, thirty miles away, for
nu alleged debt of $2. This Justlco
Humphrovlllo holds court In River For
est, teu miles out, nud his son, who is
u lawyer In tho heart of tho city, helps
mako out (he praecipes. I don't caro to
quote nnmes now, but thero Is conniv
ing between u largo number of lawyers
und these suburban Justices.
"Of cour.se n suit can be hi ought any
whero In the county, but with plenty
of Justices within easy reach of the
Court Houso why should n poor woman
Ira sued beforo a maglstmto far out In
Thornton? I'eihnps she takes nu early
morning train, nud when sho gets oil'
nt the depot sho Inquires for Justice
So-nud-So's court. Nobody nt tho sta
tion knows wheio It Is, and by tlw tlmo
sho llnds It the Justlco tells her, 'Oh,
wo disposed of that enso nu hour ago.
Why weren't you heroV "
"Ouo of tho worst features of this
practlco Is tho hardship worked on the
poor man who caunot nfford to hire a
lawyer," said Judgo Hauecy. "It is ono
of tho worst abuses of our Judicial sys
tern, and I seo cases almost every day.
Suits aro heard In places whero there
aro no care or fow trains nnd nt hours
either very early or very late, so that to
defend them a person must lilro a
night's lodglug. Tho wholo expense Is
usually moio thou tho amount sued for.
Many cases huvo no merit and ato
mode solely to hnrnss und annoy tho
dofeudants with default Judgments,
"Tho Judges have only Indirect power
to remedy tho evil, but thoy can exert
their moral lnfluenco against it, and
this would be Important In cases which
get to tho higher courts. Of course
many of them do not reach us nt nil."
Tho butterlue cose wns ouo of the
most Important where defendants were
recently put to unwarranted Inconve
nience. Several prominent manufac
turers were arrested on warrants
sworn out before u Justice lu tho town
of Cicero, nnd required to appear at or
near midnight.
In speaking of this enso Judge diet
lulu said: ';! do not hesltuto to con
demn tho ncruleloiis nnn'tl.-.. nf unh.
Jectlug citizens nt unseasonable bourn
to civil ami crhnlual proceedings, some
times Wholly fictitious, bofnnt i-iMiml,.
Justices, or further uimoyJiig them by
i requeue continuances whero defend
ants huvo the courage to appear. Such
proceedings are Instituted to ln.it
people to settle llctltlous claims, or, an
irequeniiy nuppeiis, to hurry them off
to Jail."
Tho three Judges named lmvo consid
ered tho question as to whether, lu ag
gravated cases of this character, tho
defendants should not ho promptly dis
charged on the solo ground of abuse of
legal process, and those concerned In
the prosecution, or persecution, held
(lov. Tunuer nud tho Judges of tho
Cook County courts mo going to net
en i Her thou umuiI this tlmo lu the se
lection of Justices of tho peace for Chi
cago. As soon ns the fall election Is over
the Judges -will get to woik to make
their selections.
Tho term of every justlco of the peace
In Cook County e.sphes this eomlnj;
winter and the judges will have to rec
ommend their successor, to tho (lov
ernor. Four years ago tho Cook County Judi
ciary was very slow lu acting, 14ml as 11
result there was a had tuiiglo In w.ileh
thu Judges, (Juv. Altgeld and the Sen.
nte participated.
(lov. Tanner wishes to avoid this
trouble, und hence tho Judges will sub
mlt thu names to him a fow months
earlier than iimuiI.
This will give (lov. Tanner n chance
to get tho names that ho wauls in tin.
Semite by Jnuuary.
huvernl old-tlineis nie blaled for dls
missal. M. 11. M. Wallace, on tho South Side;
A. J. Snlmth and Miles Kehoe, on the
West Sldo; George H; Woods, 011 the
North Sldo; John M. Mooie, lu Lnko:
Vincent Uogg, In Lnko View; llobert
L. Campbell, lu Jefferson, nnd A. It.
l'orter, In Hyde I'ark, will have to go.
Among those talked of for appoint
ment whoso friends nro exerting them
solves In their behalf aro tho follow
ing: Houtli Town AupticiiiitH,
Itppiibllenns-Cnuipboll Allison, law
yerj G'eorgo W. Underwood, Justice of
tho peacoj S. W. King, lawyer; John
Itlchnrdson, Justlco of tho peace; John
0. IJveretr, justice of tho peace; Will
lam A. Huff, lawyer; William W. John
son, lawyer; James J. Ilealy, Court
elork; Hervey Sheldon, lawyer; Will
lam T. Hull, Justlco of the peace; A. .1.
Turnhiill, lawyer; George K. Swnitz,
lawyer; Chillies II. Ilrndley, court
cleik; lbindnll I. White, justlco of thu
peace; John J. Flyiin, ox-court cleik;
Charles -r. I'almer, lawyer; Franklin
A. Deunlsou, lawyer; II. J. Hnyward,
lawyer; David J, Lyou, JustJco of tho
lj i AimMi,niiifillu4ui

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