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,Vb W s'.'WWMV '' ' . 0 VOLUME XX. ILLINOIS GREAT SENATOR. The Career of Shelby M. GnUom Has Been Foil of Usefulness and Glory. He Has Been a Credit to Our State and an Honor to the Nation. His Services in the Highest Legislative Body in the Land Have Been Useful, And Many of the Beit Laws on the Stat ute Books Are His Origination!. He Will Rally to Hit Standard the Best Men When He Runi Again, For the Prairie State Has Always Rewarded and Remembered Her Own Honored Sons. The people of Illinois ami the coun try nt largo owe a great big debt of gratltudo to tbo Hou. Shelby M. Cut lom (who Iibh licen well styled "tho second Lincoln") for tho services ho hns rendered Illlnolsans, and tho whole people, llo is ouo of tho greatest statesmen In tho Senate nt Washington, D. 0., and tho holiest Republicans of this great commonwealth are with Cul lom for ro-clectlon In 1001. Illinois has been fortunato In tho number of her sons tvho lmvo written their mimes upon tho nation's roll of honor. There on aro Inscribed, In letters of living light, whoso brilliancy time can not dim, tho nnmo of Abraham Lincoln statesman, hero, patriot, martyr. From 1818, tho year of Illinois' ad mission Into tho Union, when tho elo quent volco of Daniel P. Cook was heard In Congress, and his potent In fluence was felt In shaping tho govern mental policy, which so stimulated tho growth mid enhanced tho prosperity of tho nation, down to tho present time, Illinois has never lacked men of bralus, Inllucnco and reputation. The names of Hardin, Baker, Wentworth, Blsscll, Washburno, of tho House, and of Breese, Douglas, Trumbull, Brown ing, Yntes, Logan, Oglesby and Cul lom, of tho Senate, constitute a galaxy not easily matched by auy other State. All these entered public life through tho portals of tho legal profession. Nor Is this fact a cause for surprise, when It is remembered that, with tho excep tion of a comparative few, whom mili tary renown or accidental circum stances lmvo brought Into prominence, tho rouks of public men In tho United States lmvo lieon chletly recruited from tho mouthers of that samu profession. Shelby Moore Cullom, sou of Itlchard Northcruft Cullom and Elizabeth Cof fey Cullom, was born in Montlccllo, Wayne County, Kentucky, Nov. 22, 1820. Ills father removed to Tazewell County, lllluols, tho following year, so that young Shelby narrowly missed bolng a native of his adopted State. Hon. It. N. Cullom was a prominent and Influential Whig lu hts tlmo and frequently represented hts district lu both houses of tho General Assembly. Ho was n farmer, ami tho embryo Sonator was early accustomed to tho homely faro ami rough work Incident to farm life In a comparatively now country. Ills hands soon learned to swing tho ax and guldo tho plow, ami It was In such pursuits as theso that ho acquired that magnlilccut physical strength which, lu the long years do voted to public service, has mado labor easy and toll a pleasure During his boyhood days educational advantages lu tho West were limited, tho curriculum of the country schools being usually considered sufficient to equip a young man for tho practical battle of life, Shelby M. Cullom, how , ever, was not content with this. Ho de cided not to follow the business of his father, but to devote himself to tbo law, and felt tbo need of a broader and deeper culture. Fortunately, be wai enabled to spend two yean in study at Hock lllvcr Seminary, at Mount Mor ris; though, In order to maintain him self, ho found It necessary, as did Blaine, Garlleld and others, to devote some tlmo to teaching. In 185.1 ho en tered tho olllce of Stuart & Edwards, at Springfield, and began the study of law. Ills health becoming Impaired, his progress was slow; but persoverlnfr, after a rest on his futher's farm, ho was admitted to tho bar and began tho practice of law, his chosen profession, In 1835. Soon after this ho was elected City Attorney In Springfield, and was Initiated Into active practice. He rec ommended himself to his brother law yers by his studious and abstemious hnblts, and his faithful attention to tho Interests of his clients. The bar of Sprlugllcld nt this tlmo was tho ablest In tho State. That ncstor of the Illi nois bar, Stephen T. Logan, headed tho list, followed closely by John T. Stuart, Abraham Lincoln, Benjamin S. Ed wards, James O. Conkllng, Milton Huy, John A. McClcniand, Chas. 8. Zano and others. Springfield being the capi tal of tho Stato -was also tho rallying point or nil Its leading lawyers, will lams, Browning, Llnder, Arnold, But tcrilcld, Walker, Gillespie and many others wcro frequently there In attend anco upon tho court. From trying petty municipal "cases, and after passing through that ordeal of justice's courts which seems to bo tho Inevitable experience of many great lawyers, young Cullom entered upon a broader Held of practice. In tho Circuit Court ho found a higher piano for tho exercise of his talents, and here ho was pitted ngntnst some of tho foremost practitioners of those day's. In theso forensic contests his habits of close ap plication afforded him pronounced ad vantages over thoso whom success is prono to render careless. As an advo cate, his presentation of a case before a Jury was always concise and logical. Ills object was to explain rather than to confuse; to convlnco rather than to dazzle, Following the exnmplo of Judge Lo gan, Lincoln nnd Stuart, in 1850 Cul lom nindo his debut Into political life by entering tho raco for membership lu tho lower liouso of tho General As sembly, Ills legislative canvass was successful, nnd ho took his scat nt tho succeeding session. Ho was now fair ly launched In his political career, a moro allusion to the salient points of which Is all that tho limits of tho pres ent artlclo will permit. Cullom bad always been In sympathy with tho principles of tho Republican party, and being a warm personal friend of Abraham Lincoln, was ono of his strongest supporters for tbo United States Senate In 1858. Notwithstanding all this, however, and despite tho varlaneo In political creed between himself and his con stituents, so well pleased were tho lat tor with his aervlces In 1857, that In 1800 be was again Induced to become a candidate for the Legislature, and CHICAGO, SATURDAY, AUGUST 19. 1899 although the county gave the Douglas electors u small majority, such was tils personal popularity that he was re turned to the House by a majority of sixty-two votes. Tho Republicans, now for tho llrst time, secured nsccudnncy in the Legis lature, and Cullom, on account of his generally admitted qualifications for tho position, received the caucus nomi nation for Speaker, and was of course elected, thus securing the distinction of being tho youngest member upon whom this honor had ever been con ferred In Illinois. Tho future was now full of promise for him, and his suc cessful career as n public man seemed already secured. As n presiding otllccr ho graced tho position with rare dig nity, fairness and courtesy, evincing a comprehensive grasp of Its compli cated duties, such as had not been seen lu any American parliamentary itody slnco the days of the peerless Henry Clay. In 1802 ho was appointed by Presi dent Lincoln, lu connection with Gov. Boutwellof Massachusetts ami Charles A. Dana of Now York (then editor of tho Sun), a commissioner to examine nnd pass upon tho accounts of quar termasters and United Stntes disburs ing ollleers. This was nu Important service and ono which required tho ex ercise of discriminating enre and sound Judgment, and tho lutelllgciico and fidelity with which it was performed woro shown by tho nblo report which wns presented, In 1804 ho received the Republican nomination for Congress. Ills competi tor wns his old preceptor, Hon. John T. Stuart, then tho sitting member. The canvass wns most exciting, nnd Its Issue showed that Cullom had succeed ed In overcoming n Democratic major ity of 1,1105, and transforming It Into ono of 1,785 lu his favor. On being transferred from tho Leglshit-uro toCon gress he realized the fact that ho hnd entered upon a broader Held of action, Involving larger duties ami higher re sponsibilities, it was during that In teresting period of reconstruction when tho best thoughts of the ablest men of the nntlon woro brought Into constant requisition, lu tho effort to solve the multitude of perplexing problems pie seated. An examination of the Con gressional Globe reveals the. fact that ho was nn active and nggiesslve mem ber, taking Ids full share In tho debate. no heartily favored tho thirteenth, fourteenth ami fifteenth amendments to the Constitution, nnd In the memor able contest between tho legislative and executlvo branches of tho Govern ment, gave an unqualified and unwav ering support to the Congressional pol icy of reconstruction. Having been appointed to the responsible position of Chairman of tbe Committee on Territories, bo was tbo first to recog nhso the necessity of promptly dealing with the difficult question growing out of tbe practlco of polygamy in Utah. He Introduced a bill on this subject, en titled "An act in aid of the execution of 'INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS. NEUTRAL 9Ni Jbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbt iK ''' YLIbibiMbibibibibibibiV'K ' ' 4&ebbbbbbbWjBSbbbbbbbbBbbbbBf &H '-IibbbbbbbbVbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbV'" BBSBHHV SBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBSSL -';" flBBsBsBiV')' bbbbbbbbbbJbWl& &Kbbbbbbbh, " BBBBBBBBBmBtT 'm&jiat'-i'i."' VdBBBBBBBBHBBBEBBBBKtiiBHBBBBBBHBM-j v:'iBBBBBIBBBBBHBlBBBBBBBBBMBfct apjHBppppppppppppppppppppH ff 4rtBBBBBBlBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PmRSbe ' .'iBBBBBBBBBVlr WW HWV3?l;i V 'Syi'i'i HON. SHELBY M. OULLOM. United States Senator from Illinois. the laws," providing stringent meas ures for tho suppression of that "twin relic of barbarism," and succeeded lu securing Its passage by tho House. He also, much to the gratification of his Immediate constituents, secured nu ap propriation of $.120,000 for tho con structlon of a Federal building nt Springfield, which not only met a long felt want, but, nt the time of Its erec tion, was regarded as ono of tho archi tectural attractions of that beautiful Inland city. Cullom was re-elected In 1800, nnd again In 1808, but lu 1870 n factious opposition to lilm hnd been fomented, which resulted lu the nomination of an other candidate and In the loss of the district to the Republicans. In 1872 ho wns again returned ns a memlH'r of the State Legislature, and, being tho unanimous choice of his par ly, was once more elected speaker. In 1874 ho was, for tho fourth time, tho chosen representative of Sangamon County In the General Assembly, and would undoubtedly again have suc ceeded to the speakership but for tho successful combination of Independents ami Democrats, which controlled tho organization. It was at this time that tho frlcuds of Mr. Cullom began to put forward his name as a candidate for Governor of tho I'rnhlo State. Ills fitness for tho position, by lc.ixon of his ability ami largo experience In public nffalrs, nltliough yet n young man, wns ad mitted on all hands, nnd when tlw State convention met lu tho centennial year, It was found that a largo major ity of tho delegates wcro favorable to his nomination. Ills election fol lowed lu the autumn and his Inaugura tion nt tho beginning of tho succeed ing year. In the administration of tho State government Gov. Cullom developed tho highest qualities of statesmanship, was able to keep expemlttmcs within duo and economical bounds, to discharge tho last cent of State Indebtedness and to exercise an Intelligent supervision over tho several State Institutions, po nal and reformatory. Theso were tho tasks to tho accomplishment of which he bent tho best powers of his mind. Wlieievor tho Interests of tho Btnto tell within tho purview of tho oxecu- tint department, the most patient anil thoughtful nttentlon was bestowed upon them. To preslilo ovor n great commonwealth like that of Illinois, surpassing lu wealth, Importance ami resources many of tho minor states of Europe, In such a way that every department nnd bureau shall work In concert lu tho development of tbo mor al and material progress of a mighty people, requires not only tho guiding band of practical experience, but also raro wisdom In tho selection of men and measures best adapted to secure tho desired result. At tho end of his four years' admin istration of Stato affairs not a word could be urged against tbe Governor's policy oven by bis political foes, and be IN NONE." - TWELVE PAGES. A wan elected to serve a second consecu tive term, the llrst instnnco of such a re-election lu the history of tho State. The expiration of the term of David Davis as United States Senator from lllluols In March, 1883, suggested the election of n Republican to succeed him. Notwithstanding tho fact that Cullom wns only midway through his second gubernatorial tcnu, and was, lu a measure, under obligations to servo during tho remainder of tho pe riod for which ho was elected, tho Re publican caucus nominated him to rep resent lllluols lu tho United States Senate, and ho wns accordingly elect mi. The conferring upon him of this the highest honor within tbo gift of n State Legislature was not tho result of the manipulation of party machin ery, but was rather tho reward for faithful and meritorious services ren dered to the State In various capacities during tho preceding years. llu was again elected to tho Senate lu 1880, mid In 1805 was elected to his third senatorial term, which ho now fills. Perhaps his senatorial career has been brought most promlnoutly before the public through his Introduction and championship of tho Interstate com merce bill, which ho successfully pilot ed through both houses of Congress, The Importance, if not tho necessity, of governmental control of railways had long been recognized, but tho per sistent limitation had no practical out come, and very little hnd been done on tho suhlect lu tho Senate until tho task was assumed by tho Senntor from Illinois. The opposition to this class of legislation was exceedingly dllllcult to overcome, nnd It required tho utmost tactical skill to Insure success, How this was eventually compassed by Sen ator Cullom Is a mutter of history, full of Interest, but which lack of space forbids describing ut length. SuHIco It to say that the law passed and has been In full operation since. While It Is doubtless not perfect, nnd Is not ac complishing all that Its friends had hoped, It forms; an entering wedge, which, In tho end, will very largely contribute to tho solution of tho prob lem of Interstate commerco and trans portation. Tho mental characteristics of Senator Cullom aro of tbo solid and practical rather than of tho brilliant nnd showy description. Ho Is endow ed, lu a high degree, with that Indefin able "sixth senso," which Is, in effect, tho combination of common scuso with tact, nnd which so often stood Lincoln in good stead when every other re- sourco failed. His Is an essentially strong lutollcct, capable of reaching safe, prudout and reasonablo conclu sions, As a speaker ho Is entertaining nnd convincing, rather than rhetorical, Yot whon, in 1872, he was called upon nt tho national Rcpubllncan conven tion to plnco in nomination Gen. Grant, and when, eight years later, at a similar gatuonng, ne performed a like sorvlco for bis colleague. Gen. Lo- (Continued on Fourth Page.) FAIIS ABOUT TIE OS TRUST. The Consolidation Bill Violates the Con stitution at the Faulty .Violates the Constitution in Taking Away the Right of a City to Grant Franchises, and Gives the Trust the Right to Charge Three Dollars per 1,000 Feet for Gas. Provisions of the Ordinances Granting Fran chises to Various Consolidated Companies in This City. One of Them Was Forfeited for Non-Compliance with Contract Back in 1892. 8om Interesting Information Which the Oity Oouncil 8hould Oall For from Various Officials. The Gas Trust paid 1250,000 to mem bers of tbe Fortieth General Assembly of Illinois for a law under wblcb it could rob tho people to Its heart's con tent. But It overlooked a few points that even bribery couldn't cover up. Section 13 of Article 4 of tbe Consti tution of Illinois declares that no sub ject not embraced In the title of a bill shall become a law. There aro some subjects in tho body of tbo Infamous gas-cousolldntlon and frontage bill not embraced in tho title. Hence tho law Is void. THIS LAW, known as tho "GAS CONSOLIDATION ACT," empowered It existing gas companies to consoli date with nnd merge Into a single cor poration, "which shall bo one of said merging nnd consolidation corpora tions," and Inasmuch as this ACT, con veying purported nuthorlty, grants to all then existing gas companies In tho city of Chicago certain exclusive rights aud privileges, uot contemplated by or given them by auy ordinance of the Chicago City Council, and as tho right to Issue franchises and prescrlbo terms for privileges granted thereby Is ex pressly reserved to and held to bo In herent in tho City Council by tho Stato Constitution of 1870, which provides that tho Stato Legislature shall not grant nnd cannot convey rights nud privileges lu tho streets of cities to cor porations or Individuals, except by nnd with tho consent of tho local authori ties (meaning tho City Council), It Is unconstitutional on that paint. LET US LOOK AT SOME PERTI NENT FACTS relating to this point: In ordinances passed by tho Chicago City Council, prior to tho passage of the "Gas Consolidation Act," and un der nud by vlrtuo and cxlstcnco of such ordinances, certain bonds, con tracts, privileges nnd obligations were assumed by certain gns companies, In return for franchises granting them pi o visional rights in tho uso nnd occu pancy of tho streets, always subject, however, to tho reservations held In said ordinances for tho benefit nnd pro. tcctlon of tho pcoplo comprising tho municipality of Chicago, tho Intent ami object of which provisions Is apparent nud well known, nnd in such ordi nances It is expressly stated, reserved and provided, to wit: 1. CONSUMERS' OAS, FUEL AND LIGHT COMPANY.-A perpetual fran- chlso passed April 28, 1SS2, granting tho corporation tho right to tho uso and occupancy of tho strcots, in return for which tho corporation agreed aud bound Itself by bond nnd various pen alties, to lay all feeders and service pipes at tho tlmo of laying main pipes, without subsequent disturbance of tho surface or pavements; to extend Its main pipes, when ordered by a major ity of tbo City Council, In any block, ono-balf of which shall bo Improved by buildings; that tho corporation should not extend Its pipes beyond tho city, or allow any connections to bo mado with a pipes to supply gas to any con Burners outside of tbe city; that It should not charge more than 25 cents NUMBER 515. Outset by Its Title; per foot for service pipes, nor cbargo general consumers of gas moro than fl.75 per 1,000 cubic feet, giving con sumers of moro than 100,000 cubic feet per year a rebate of 25 cents per 1,000 cubic feet; that said company should bo subject to all existing gcucral or dinances concerning gas; that tho city should have tho right to inspect meters and that tho gas supplied should bo of tho uniform average of 10 sperm cau dles, burning 120 grains per hour In n 0-foot burner; that tho company's rights aud privileges provisionally granted should bo forfeited unless with in three years from date of acceptance of tbe ordlnnnco it bad erected aud bud In operation works and mains suf ficient to distribute ten million cubic feet of gas every thirty days, said works to cost not less than $500,000; that It said company should directly or ludlrectly sell, lease or transfer Its francblso and privileges to any other gas company or companies, or cease to manufacture and furnish gas for a period of more than ten consecutlvo days; or If It should fall or return to extend Us main pipes whsu requested to do so by a majority ai the Council, Its rights and privileges should ccaso and bo of no moro effect nnd that this termination "shall not bo required tho Judgment or decreo of any court;" that tho prlco charged tor gas should never exceed the rato nnmed In tho ordlnnnco nnd that It would neither sell nor leaso Us francblso or privileges aud would not enter into any combination with nny gns company concerning rato or prlco to bo charged for gas and should glvo bond of $500,000 to satisfy nny damages to the city or uiucago or nny consumer of Its gns who should suffer through violation of nny obli gations, or conditions of tho ordinance, tho liability not to bo limited by tho amount of tho penalty of said bond. 2. EQUITABLE GAS LIGHT AND FUEL COMPANY.-Au ordlnnnco granting a perpetual franchise, passed Aug. 10, 1885, authorizing tho company to construct, operate, and maintain works, lay mains nnd sorvlco pipes tho company agreeing to charge not moro than 25 cents per foot for sorvlco pipes; to charge not moro than $1.75 per 1,000 cubic feet for gns, with a ro bato of 25 cents per 1,000 feet to nil users who consumed over 100,000 cubla feet per annum; "any attempt to col lect a greater rato would work a for feiture of all rlghU and privileges;" that meters and quality of gns shall bo subject to inspection and tests; that mains should bo extended upon de mand by two-thirds voto of tho Coun cil In any block three-fourths of which shall bo Improved by building; that tho company should oxpend $100,000 within tho first twelvo months and lay mains nnd distribute within thrco years gns to tho extent of Ten Million feet every thirty days; that If said company shall nt any tlmo enter Into nny com bluatlon directly or ludlrectly, with nny gas company or companies, concerning rnto or price for gas, or shall directly or Indirectly sell, or transfer its right and privileges, all Us rights and prlvi- ri'jG AS&L&& tJi'ij !j IA. itW'U3 V ' ' V''1 "'