Newspaper Page Text
?' f W, i$ ' ' ' M, '
"INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS. NEUTRAL IN NONE," VOLUME XXII. CHICAGO, SATURDAY, APRIL 21, 1900 TWELVE PAGES. NUMBER 550. " 1 OIK ROTTER LEtilSLATDRE. The People Host Purify It or They Will Lose All of Their Rights. Instead of Choosing the Community to Make Their Laws, Chicago, in Most of Iti Districts, Picks Out the Very Worst It Can Find. The Result. Is that Corruption Is Rampant and the Speaker Is the King. If there uit! any genuine reformers In Chicago they will turn their atten tion to the nouiluutlon of good men for tho Legislature. No lasting benefit can bo secured for Chlcugo or Cook County unless better legislators arc elected. All luws, good or bud, must emanate from tho Legislature, und yet the peo ple of Chicago Hit supine and allow gangsters to legislate for them. Already the tough element In polities Is talking ubout tho men who will make up the next General Assembly und the uiuu who will bo Speaker of the House. The good people are wondering ubout the tight over the United States Senu torshlp, but nre taking no Interest whatever lu tho selection of men who make or unmake trusts and who hold the fate or the State In their hands. Under existing rules for the govern ment of the House of the Illinois Leg islature It Is almost universally admit ted to be a case of the will of the Sneaker being the supreme law. Tho members declare that they retain their representative capacity only long enough to choose u Speaker ami that his power thereafter Is practically an solute. It Is he who appoints the com mlttecmen, nud the committeemen, It Is alleged, advance legislation or smother it at will. That Sherman thought ho could control his commit tees Is shown by his remark to a prom inent State otllclal that he so orgaul.ed tho House us to keep sandbugglng measures from ever seeing tho light of day. The construction placed upon this Htntement Is that tho Speaker constitu ted himself Judge of tho bills Intro duced and permitted only such ones to get out of couimltteo as were satisfac tory to him. Members hold that this stato of things Is wholly Incomputlble with tho Idea of representative govern ment. It Is said that tho Speaker begins as soou as ho arrives lu Sprlnglleld to build tip his power. When iiioinliors come to him uud ask to have their friends put upon tho pay roll It Is stated that ho favors them with tho under standing that subsequently they are to respect his wishes In tho matter of the bills they Introduce und or the hum they support. It also Is claimed that when the Speaker and the Secretary of Stato aro on terms of mutual good-will the Inttor helps to augment the Speak er's power by bargaining with the members who come to him to get Jobs for tho political huugers-ou of their districts. No sooner does tho session open than Representatives Hock to tho Speaker to .lay In their requests for recognition upou their pet measures. They aro tho suppliants, ho tho sourco of what they want. It Is alleged '(hut he tnkes ad vnntniro of tho onnortuiilty to get f long list or men or both patties "on his Hlntl"' by promising at hoiiio Indellnlto time to cnll up their bills. Krom that moment forwurd, as Is claimed, tho members who are looking to tho mon arch of tho situation for crumbs of fa vor sit In subjection, almost afraid to talk out loud. With possible opposition thus paralyzed, It Is said the way, Is clear for such legislation as tho Speak er wishes to promoto. With committee chairmen willing to oboy him, tho Speaker, as has been said, can throttlo bills or resolutions In committee Hut his power does not ceuso there. It Is nfllrmcd that ho con tinues to bo muster of legislation until It has been Anally passed by the House, and certain Senators have stated that ho oven pursues bills to tho upper brnnch of tho Legislature and sees to it that they aro slaughtered by his friends In that body. If n measuro Is about to bo read for tho third timo tho the Best Men in Speaker may entertain a motion to re cull (ton second reading und refer It to a committee and may carry the yen nnd nay vote under the gavel. It Is said he can kill any bill by having u fatal motion tired ut It nud carrying the motion urlritrurlly. When this stylo f "rough riding" Is going on tho Speaker recognizes nobody but those who nre In on the deal. What some of the members regarded as one of tho most vicious resolutions Introduced lu the late House was the yacht-club resolution, which, It Is said, was Intended to give nwny the luku front from Jackson Park to the Calu met Itlver land reported to bo valued at -10,000,000. This resolution was passed under the gavel by Sherman when It Is said to have been evident to all that It was really beaten. After wards on motion to reconsider It was killed by a vote or 87 to at. The claim Is made by dozens of members that Sherman took bills out of their regular order and hastened them to passage lu accordance with the combination's pleasure. Great power over legislation Is claim ed to rest lu the hands of the Clerk of the House. It Is said he can kill a bill by recording men who were absent as voting against It or by recording men as voting lu the ulllrmiitlvo when they voted lu the negative, or vice versa. It Is said that John A. Hoevo Is partial to the corporations, and some say ho goes so far as to notify railroad companies and others of proposed legislation un favorable to their Interests. Thnt tho Secretary of the Senate usually Mili tates with the corporations has been opeuly charged, uud It Is assorted thnt he has more power lu securing favors from the corporations thau bus any one Senator. The Clerk of the IIouso Is nccredlted with the ability to defeat a bill In vari ous ways. It Is said he enn do so by delaying Its engrossment, by voting enough men against It to kill It, by losing It somewhere between the House and the Senate (as It Is declared hap pened during the XLth General Assem bly) or by Mime trick of like character. if the stories told by some of Hoove's subordinates bo true ho has even more intlueiice lu shaping the coiiro of leg islation than appears on the surface. It Is asserted that Instances are not un known wherein the clerk Iiim secured n reconsideration for bills voted upon and lost, and has taken tliu pains to call the roll In such a way that tho result was the contrary from what It was lu the llrst place. Hoove Is represented us having n very "stout pull" with cer tain members of the Chicago delega tion, and It Is predicted Unit he will he kept In his present position as long as these Chicago members shall bo ublu.to hold him there. How to break Into the public treas ury and yet keep out of the peniten tiary seems to form tho staple of a good deal of Sprlnglleld thinking. If Uio Legislature 1ms any conception of tho value or a iiouar iiusipesi mm shj tn huvo never been able to discover It. Money tlows llko water during every session. Members pay their political debts with tho people's revenues as freely as If they were using their owu. Tho stenllng Is not ctr.no onouiy. is slightly disguised. Hut men of clear moral vision say they cannot delect thnt tho dlsgulso In any wny detracts from tho crimluallty of tho perform mice. Tho custom of pay-roll padding has bceirgrowlng lu this Stato, ns tho rec ords show, for a great many years. It met u material cheek at the hands of Secretary of Stato Hose, but It Is still considered bad enough to call for drus tic reform. Wheu tho Democrats camo Into iKiwer In 18IK! tho rank and tile of the party, realizing that all the places were to be changed. Hocked to Spring Hold lu search of otllce und were so per sistent In their demuuds that the list or employes lu each house uud on the temporary roll of the Secretary of State became enormous. This was largely repeated lifter the election lu 184 by the Legislature that convened lu lS'.C. and In January, 1807, after tho victory of tho Hepiibllcnus in ISMS the scenes of 18t).'l uud 1805 were repeated. It cost the State .?7,878 to police the Capitol during (he short session last winter. It cost the State Jjtin.iiil for so-called committee clerks during the same period. Some of those employes had so much work to do that their presence in Sprlnglleld was not re quired at all not even to draw their warrants. The latter were drawn for them by the members who hoc u rod their appointments. Kach of these clerks drew & u day, not only for the days that the Legislature was lu ses sion, but for every day, Sundays, holi days uud all, from the date on which the law-makers convened lu January until the date on which they adjourned lu April. It was the regular custom of the Leg islature to adjourn on Friday until tho following Monday, but there was no adjournment of the clerks' salaries nor of tho salaries of any of the other em ployes. Some of the committees who hud $:i a day clerks did not meet at all, and others met two or three times dtir lug the session. It Is estimated there fore that some of tho clerks who prob ably could make sj!'J a day at legitimate service wero paid by the Slate at tho rate of JjilOO an hour. One examining the roll of Janitors employed last winter gets the idea that tho Legislature Indorsed with a venge ance the cleaiilliiess-uext-to-gmllluess proposition. They paid 'J.V-78 of tho people's money for keeping the State- house clean for a trllle more than three mouths. It was a poor statesman ap parently who did not have his own Jan itor, If not his own private secretary and stenographer. For example, lu the Senate there was the President's Jan itor, nud the President pro lem.'s Jan itor, and tin; minority President's Jan itor, and the Secretary's Janitor, nud u whole lot of others. In the House the Speaker, lu addition to his private sec retary, two or three stenographers and a clerk, had a Janitor, nud tho minority committee had a couple of them. He sldes these, there were enough theoreti cal spittoon Jugglers to storm a Filipino stronghold. In the Senate there was a "superin tendent of ventilation" and au assistant to him. This labor was regarded oh more skilled thau that lu the Janitors' department, nnd these tervunts or tho people got ?:i u day Instead or $2. There wero three of thorn lu tho House. Their tltlo wns contracted to "ventilator," and two of theiu received ?2.50 ,n day. Tho other fellow was more expert ut letting In fresh air, so they gnvo him $11 a day. John McLauchlan, of LuSulle, wasso unkind ns to say that tho subor dinate "ventilators" lu both houses wero appointed to help their chiefs do nothing, It Is kuown thnt ouo or tho "ventilators' fouud his duties at IPl0rV- . $ -13 .jdSJSJjSJSJhw BBBBBBBBBBflBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBpk, BBPBBkSM BBBBBBBBBBBBBBb HON. WILLIAM E. MA80N. The Fearless and Able United States 8enator from Illinois. Sprlnglleld so flexible that ho aniioune efl one day at his boarding-house that he Intended to go homo during a breath ing spell nnd "plant his outs." And he went. John II. Lelghtoii, custodian of bills under John A. Hoove. Is now the head or a saloon culled "The House of Lords" In his native town of Decatur. Lelghtoii says the Clerk's otllce very neatly tllched thirty days' extra pay from the State at the close of the ses slon last whiter, and the pay roll con linns him. Lelghtoii said: "We decided that we should like to have a few more dollars from the State, so I went to the Speaker and asked that a resolution be put through giving us thirty days lu which to 'clean up' the olllce. He said 'all right' and the resolution went through. I had not worked more than a third of the Hum during the session uud did not work a minute of the thirty days. It was a pick-up for till of us." The pay roll shows that John .'. Heeve got .f 180 out or this grab, which amounted lu nil to 81,:i.",0 and was di vided among about u dozen employes. Tho Secretary of the Senate got thirty days' extra time at $0 a day und some thing like tlfteen or his subordinates got ten days extra at ?l a day, Lelgh toii said further, according to the Heeord: "I was custodian of hills lu the House, uud the corporations made It to luylntorost to look out for them. When bills unvoting them were printed 1 mulled copies to the people concerned and received for such favors nil the way from !."( to .S'JO. Sprlnglleld Is a great place to make money. I should like to have a permanent Job there." Of course the copies of bills sent by Lelghtoii to tho corporations were printed at the State's expense ami mailed with the State's postage stamps. K. It. SoniiiiMoln, ulo ot Decatur, was Hoove's Journal clerk, lie also Is of opinion that Sprlnglleld Is a good place to make money while the Legislature Is 111 session. Ho holds hi high esteem what ho calls (he "foxlness" of John A. Heeve nnd tells some stories as to the Inner workings of the Clerk's olllce thai bear out the general Impression that the Clerk Is a substantial factor In tho forces that liilliieuce legislation at Sprlnglleld. Sonansloln says he (Son nnsteln) shipped home "lots or sup plies" during the session nud that he "might as well have had a typewriter." Here aro tho totals paid to employes: Hy tho Senate, !f:i:i,tl,.'..'0; bythe House, $:i:Url.r0; by the Secrolatry of State, 512.ri0. Aggregate, 7!.:i-l. It Is said to bo doubtful If a prudent business man could have paid fJO.OOO for tho service represented by this outlay. Ac cording to this view about SOO.OOO Is tho dimensions of tho trlimto Mint the peoplo last winter paid to tho system of nay-roll pudding provulllug at tho sessions or the Legislature, although tho last sesslou was very short und Is conceded to huvo been remarkably economical. If .Tudgo John II. Hatten, County Judge of DuPago County, should bo nominated for Probate Judge hero In Cook County, who will Cook County Hcptthllcans charge Mr. Ilatten up to after ho resigns lu DuPuge County uud turns his back un the people who hon ored him out lu the country? We notice that our old uud esteemed frleud Judge Ilutteu, of DuPuge Coun ty, Is nosing around after tho Hcpuhll can nomination for Cook Comity Pro hate Judge. Our esteemed frleud Judge ltatteii is not a citizen of Cook County. He Is u citizen of DuPngc County, and that Is why he is County Judge of DuPuge County. If he Is not a citizen of DuPuge County he has no right to draw u salary as u DuPuge County Judge, nor any right to sit as a Judge hi any county because DuPuge County Is the ouly county which over elected him Judge. Our esteemed frleud Judge Ha! ton thinks, evidently, that I here are no Chi cago lawyers ipialilled fur the position of Probate Judge. Our esteemed frleud Judge Huttcu Is mistaken. There are numbers of Chicago law yers who are well quiillllod to become Judges of Probate, ami some of them are willing to be. That iK'iug the case, wo can see no good reason for robbing DuPago Comity of tho services of this talented, upright and unselfish gentleman. In fact Cook County has been ever kind to ambitious outsiders. Take John A. Karnes, for Instance. That man was mudo u master in chancery before ho ' was acquainted with Chicago. Hut of Panics, more niiou. The hotel-keepers ut Fox Lake have formed a protective union. Now If tho people will form u protective union against Fox Luke hotel-keepers mat tors will even themselves up. Hon. make a Court. William F. Welmers would lino Judge of the Superior lion. Joseph Thourer, President of the Schocnhofen brewery. Is much talk ed of as a good man to elect Mayor of Chicago next year. The (lermans are solid for Mr, Thourer, He stands high lu the commercial world, ami it Is be lieved that ho would carry tho city, as he would command the stilYruges of the best business men lu Chicago, Irrespec tive of parly lines. As u candidate for Mayor of Chicago, Hon. Joseph Theiirer would sweep the city like u whirlwind. As a mouther or the Drainage Hoard Hon. J. O. Hrudcn has saved the tux- nuvers or Cook County several bun dred thousand dollars. Mr. Hrudeii will bo kept on tho board, as tho peoplo aro with him. Hon. Henry Stucknrt Is looking after tho fences of Congressman George P. Foster lu tho Third Congressional Dis trict, uud claims tho Congressman has n cinch, nud will bo renominated with out a struggle. IS IT J1KE Wat's GRAFT? Or Does Some One in the City Hall Oet the Big Rake-Off? Jake Weber's Pawnshop License Has Not Been Revoked that We Have Heard Of. Policemen and Firemen Still Borrow Money, Helmets and Uniforms at the Old Stand, And While Porch Climbers Are Busy Climb ing, Coppers Are Still Busier Mak ing Loans. If It Is true that Jake Weber Is loan ing money to policemen and llrenien at 8 uud 10 per cent, a month, why Is the Weber pawnbroker's license not re voked? The taw governing pawnshops Is plain enough. The rate of Interest which they nre permitted to charge Is tlxed by law. The Mayor has the power to rovoko the license of any pawnbroker who vio lates the taw lu tiny wny. Yet we, see the spectacle presented to us of n cheap Clark street pawnshop tilled with policemen ttcggliig, cringing nud whining for advances on their sal aries at the rate of 8 or 10 per tout, u mouth, livery now und then one of these po licemen or llremeii applies to the courts for relief from the sharks. We never hear of one of them apply ing to elsewhere for relief. We should say not. ir the sharks were to quit preying on the policemen, llrenien and school teachers somebody's rake-olt nt the City Hall might not bo so great. The F.uglo believes that If this matter Is placed lieforo the Mayor In Its proper light that he will put a stop to the oper ations of tho Weber gang forthwith. Ill the meantime the sain of police helmets und uniforms, combined with tho loaning of money to policemen and llrenien, continues ut Juko Webor'a pawnshop with unabated vigor. Tho Kuglo 1ms the names uud num bers of tlfty-two policemen who patron ized this Joint Inst week, nud wheu It gets the full records of theso officers of the Inw it will publish nil of the facts. After awhile It will be safe to go lo a theater lu Chicago. Powers' Theater and always will be was always safe The best service that the new City Council can do the people of Chicago Is to wipe out the present First Ward. Kx-Mayor John P. Hopkins will be n delegate to tho Democratic national convent Ion from the First Congres sional District, und don't you forget It. How many cities lu the county would stand a .luku Weber deal on thulr po lice force? The Irlsh-Ainerlcan Hepuhlleiin Club has Indorsed Hennessey for (iovernor as Its cspvclul candidate. John M. Smyth will manage Hennes sey's campaign hi Cook. "Dave" Shannahaii will manage Hen nessey's headquarters at the Croat Northern. "Marly" Madden will miiiiugo the F.xooutlvo Comniltteo of the Hennessey campaign. "Danny" Hogun will manage Hen nessey's Southern Illinois campaign, "F.ddlo" Dwyer will iiiuuiigo the Twelfth Ward for Hennessey. Perry Hull will manage the colored vote for the Hennessey campaign. Jake Weber feels his oats slnco the "force" was obliged to Hook to his pawnshop for salary advances. Jake Weber's grip on the police force Is a strong one. How much does tho Union Traction Company pay tho city for the water used by Its big sprinkling tanks? Most of tho veutllutlug muuholod over the street sowers are covered with mud. This means sewer gas lu tho residences. The North flushed. Side sowers are never Flush the sewers, A little shaking up might do the lira department some good. Quite n number of fortunes have been made out or tho llro depurtmeut-but not by Hie tlroinon. Who helps the sharks sklu tho Am men? Hecorder Simon has made a splendid public record. He deserves and will receive u rciiomlimtlou and u re-election. Tho business community and all who come in contact with Hecorder Simon are satlstled with the wny ho has con ducted his olllce. The bill board destroys tho valuo ot adjoining real estate. AMiy doesn't Health Commissioner Heynolds order tho sewers flushed? Tho bill hoard Is u disgrace to Chi cago. The dlsllgurliig bill boards must go. What right have the bill board men to destroy other people's property? Nothing serious has happened at tin? Auditorium Annex for over u week. What's the matter? It Is reported that tho "Irish-American" Is abotii to appear again, CSnrulsheo Act Solon II, Cuso linn boon whlpsuwed lu his light for reuoin luatlon as State Senator from the Sec ond District. Ho will not be one, two, three lu the race. Pete Howe, a friend of (,'ovcrnor Tanner, would llku tliu Job, so as to ho able to give tho (Ipv ernor a vote for United States Senator, but ll Is claimed that Howe Is out of the running, us P.. J. Dwyer, the new Twelfth Ward whip, favors the nom ination of James 11, firuhnui and In tends to laud him hi the convention. Mr. (iraham Is Warden of tho Cook County Hospital. Kx-Scuutnr Dwyer Is expected n hind the Twelfth Ward delegation to the Kcpuhllcau County Convention. In return he Is to bo Hindu Comity Central Commit iccuiuu. Tho Democracy uiunol. name a stronger man for State Treasurer than Joseph P. Junk, general manager of tho great Junk brewery en South llalsted street. Smyth and Wenler cannot bo defeat ed for re-elect lou to" tho Draluago Hoard. Huslness houses uud other large em ployers will bo asked before Hcpuhll can primary day to give their employes voting time In the afternoon, even though thls.shotihl entail closing places of business nt !1 or 4 o'clock. Primary polling places, aro nut opened until 1 V 'Jiit.frM'y,"'V-!-'l''t".'1!''i-v' -rt-vLl f.