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hi ' INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS. NEUTRAL IN NONE." I VOLUME XXIV. A MOURNFUL VICTORY. i . . There Are More Deaths Than Births in Chicago Every Week, by Official Count. An Incompetent Health Department and Grafting Drainage Channel the Cause of This Holocaust. Typhoid Fever Is Epidemic and Tet the 7 Health Department Pronounces Lake Water Good. Everybody Knows that the Fraud Drainage Oanal Carries Off but Very Little Sewage. Hetween the Drnlnngo Canal and (lie Chicago Health Depart incut Chicago I the most unhealthy city In the world. Thu Drainage Canal In u fraud and does nut carry olT one-twentieth of thu sewage of the city vthleh continue to .contaminate the lake. The Health Department Ih Incompe tent, mid worse, when it reports the lukcwuter us "good." or "usable" every day, as It Is absolutely unlit to drink. There were .7J(I deaths In Chicago last week and only -(37 births. When the deaths exceed the births In any city or In any country, the crack of doom has been Hounded. The death rate In Chicago per annum Is over 15 for every 1,000 Inhabitants, or over 1,500 for every 100,000, or over HO, 000 for the whole population! This Is dreadful. For a corroboration of these llgures wo simply nppeud 'the report of thu Health Department Itself: The weekly bulletin of the Health Department nays: "At thu close of last week thu Investigation of 07 out of thu 12a fatal eases of typhoid fever report ed to thu Ilurenu of Vital Statistics be tween July 1 nnd Auk. U4 had been completed by the Volunteer Medical In spectors under thu direction of Dr. John C. Ncely, Assistant Chief .Medical In spector. Of these 07 11 were found to have been undoubtedly contracted out side o'f the city and two others were doubtful. This proportion agrees very closely with the results of previous In-vestlgntlons-to-wlt, that about 18 per cent of thu fatal cases of typhoid In Chicago are contracted elsewhere and nro not duo to local causes, "Among the remaining 54 deaths re ferred to typhoid fever nine were clear ly caused by other diseases, and, In the opinion of the Investigators, six others wero doubtful. Including these doubt ful six, however, as among thu typhoid deaths, the Investigators attribute the following as causes of the disease: Unfiling In the lake, U; eating raw vege tables, L'; drinking untreated hydrant water, It", and for thu remaining -1 out of the total -15 cases no causu Is as signed, "Dr, Xeely snys: 'In this Investiga tion particular attention was paid to thu milk and leu supply. Three different milk dealers each furnished milk to two of tho homes whore deaths oc curred, and one other to threo of tho homes. Ico was furnished to threo fam ilies by two firms and to two families by another firm, So far as can bo learned no connection can bo establish ed between tho homes supplied with milk ami Icu by their llrms.' "For thu first tlino since Jan, 1 no new caso of smallpox was discovered last week, and thero nru but two cases remaining in tho Isolation hospital four having been discharged during tho week. Notwithstanding the alarm con cerning scarlet fever and diphtheria In certain quarters, thoio are no now In fected areas, and tho preventive meas ures now bolng enforced aro relied on to restrict further spread in tho localities heretofore reported. "No successful Inoculations havo yet lioen madu In thu experiment to test Professor Koch's recent pronouncement thnt bovine tuberculosis is not trnns mlsslblo to mankind, Thefmly culture of tho bovlno tubercle unci (us available In tho city was so old as to prove Inert, und n fresh culturo Is being made, with which, when ready, tho test will bo re newed, Six volunteer subjects nro ready for tho test." A statement of mortality for tho weekended Aug. 24, compared with tho preccdlug week and with tho corre sponding week of 11)00, death rates com puted on United States census llgures of populatlon-vlz., 1,008,575 for 1000, 1,785,023 for 1001: Total deaths, nil causes: Aug. 21, 1IMII, 520: Aug. 17. 1001, 507; Aug. 25, 1000, 4(10. Denth rate tier minimi per 1,000: Aug. 24, 1001, 15.57; Aug. 17, 1001, 15.01: Aug. 23, 1000, 14.:il. llirtliM reported: Mules 210; females, :ht; total, -int. Steadily growing worse all summer, the water In thu north branch of the Chicago ltlver Is now In such frightful condition that marine men say there Is serious danger of lire from the alleged water. The spiles for six Indies along thu river bank are covered with li heavy black substance which looks like tar. At many points there Is so much tilth on the surface of the water that row boats cannot force their way through. When the steamer I'lienlx went up Wednesday the water was so thick that It would not run through the pipes to the boiler. On board the Phcnlx was Capt. .1. .1. Harden, managing owner. "If a fireman should happen to shovel any live coals Into tho river," Capt Harden said, "I do not believe anything could save that region from a fire. A black tarry substance a half foot thick lines the docks and is ivmlv to be Ignited by a spark. At one point i saw a man try lo push out a rowbout to get some driftwood, but the boat stuck fast In the illth and he could not budge It. "In the past there havo been some great stories about the condition of water in the south brunch, but I never saw anything as bad as the north branch now is. liven in its worst days', before the opening of the drainage canal, the south branch was a bub bling brook compared with the north branch of to-day." Tug captains said that the north branch, which was In a fair condition In early spring, has been slowly tilling 11)1 with some refuse which looked to them as If it came from thu gas works. They claim that within a week past there must have been a large addition to the refuse, for It suddenly got much thicker and spreads completely over the suiface In many spots. Thu Draluagu.Canal Is responsible. The North I (ranch has not been drain ed since the "canal" was opened. Within a few days there has been a great scare among the crews of steam ins ami tugs over working In the north brunch on account of thu dangers of ex plosions, None of them has any facili ties for carrying fresh water on board, and they must use thu water from the river In the boilers, Two or threo tug explosions In the south branch In past years, before the opening of the Drainage Canal, wero due directly to using filthy water for steaming put poses. A Mayor Harrison Is reported as hav ing said that ho was willing to accept tho next United States Senatorshlp from Illinois, If it should be tendered to him by a Democratic Legislature. A United States Seuatorslilp from Illinois Is an otllce of which nay man on earth might well bo proud, but It Is doubtful if Mayor Harrison over miulo such a stutoniont positively, or, If hav ing mado It, ho was wlso In arriving at; such a conclusion. It must not bo for gotten that tho Mayoralty of Chicago Is n high and exalted position, and that If political soothsayers aro wlso as tho CHICAGO, SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1901. ,:iiifi w VjEhf " w -.1, , . -J ram of 4 f $ I Jt.i fl .a I ? i 4 A&?twZ iT f kt f'' ...-... - w -TT-T,fctJT-jf1r ir,v i . l ,.rvi HON. ZINA R. CARTER, Whose Career as a Sanitary Trustee Has Always Bean Upright and In Line with the Wishes of the People. seers of Chidden, there are higher filings In store for Cutter II. Harrison than a I'lilted States Seuatorslilp. To accept such an olllce now would land him well on toward fifty If he should win It out, and place thu higher olllce far away In the dim future. If he should accept the offer, make the light and lose. It would give his political enemies an opportunity to say. "He has had enough favors." Hotter wait a while, Mr. Mayor. The greatest outrage ever perpetrated upon the taxpaylng citizens of Chicago Is the Police and Fire pension fund. It Is also a great outii'.go on the rank and tile of the police nnd fire depart ments. Thu rank and fllo nro underpaid In fact our police and firemen aro the poor est paid or any In the country. Hut their otllcers besides being well paid are given great salaries as pensions when they retire. The Idea of ex-Marshal Swenlu draw tug a salary of $.1,000 n year for life for doing nothing. He received .flf.OOO a year for twenty two years for serving the public and If he did not save anything out of that It Is no fault of tho generous public's. t Why the people should have to sup port him at such an enormous salary for the lest of his life Is past finding out. The Mime Is true of ex-Chief of 1'ollco Hubbard and of a great number of oth er high salaried men In tho Police De partment who havo retired upon half pay and who aro drawing Immense sal aries for doing no service wlmtover. No monarchy In the world treats Its pampered favorites as does tho City of Chicago its high salaried policemen at the expense of the taxpayers. We have never heard It denied that thu Pollcu Pension bill was run through the Legislature of Illinois by bribery of thu most lmru-faced and most un wholesome type. It has fastened upon the people of Chlciif,o a burden which Is hard for tlieiu to bear. If the business of a policeman Is a legitimate one, why does not the man who enters upon this Hue of business for a livelihood take his chances like other business men? Do wu pension our grocers? Our Insurance men? Our druggists? Our doctors? Our lawyers? Our engineers? Our laborers? Our clerks? Our dry goods men? Why, then, should overpaid public of ficials bo pensioned after twenty years of nu easy llfo oiimv payroll? It Is all right enough to pension the poor firemen and policemen who risk their lives for small salaries, but tho mmsw? tkWF SsSSBrj&. 'r.- big guns who never risk anything, and wlio are paid far beyond their merits, should not be pensioned at nil. Chicago Is paying out )f2(M),000 a yenr to rich men like Sweule nnd Hubbard, nnd this leak should be stopped by an energetic and fervent appeal to the next Legislature. Halse the salaries of the llremen and policemen and cut oft' the life pensions to their over-paid otllcers. Halse the salaries of the firemen! The plpemen, stokers, hook and lad der men and drivers of the Chicago Fire Deportment are the poorest paid in thu country. Too many pensions to rich ex-otllccrs ami too little pay for thu hard-working men. Our Inelllclcut ami Incompetent Health Department must bo In cahoots with thu Drainage Canal grafters. It Issues a "bulletin" daily, In which It deuomliiatcs the thinking water as either "good" or "usable." What does the Incompetent Health Department nie.in by "usable?" Water for drinking can only be good or bad. There Is no half way station. The Kagle, In common with a miijoil ty of Its follow-cltlzens, holds the In competent Health Department rospoii slble for the typhoid fever epidemic. Tho Health Dopaitiiieiit report says that IS pur cent of the typhoid fever case. did not come lioin local causes! Where did they come from, then? Let us have the truth, The confession that S2 per cent of the cases did arise lioin "local causes" Is had enough, auywii. What does thu Chicago Health De partment get from the Drainage crowd for reporting the lake water "good" and "usable" when It Isn't. Tim genial ami popular Thomas A. Smyth will have the backing of the West Side for the Doniocratiu nomina tion for Sheriff. P. McIIugh, who has tho respect of bench, bar and public will probably bo one of the Democratic nominees for Judge next year. Miles H Devlnu would mnko on ex cellent County Judge. Wouldn't It bu n good Idea to Inves tigate the Civil Son leo Commission, for a chnugo? Tho 'Health Department might find a few plague spots if It Investigated very TWELVE PAGES. -mm closely In the vicinity of Illinois street and La Salle avenue. Lludhlom, thu "Terrible Swede," Wight to be Investigated next. The Civil Service Commission will be Investigated some day, and there will be some hot developments, too. The Llmlbloin method of reform Is causing considerable comment both In side and outside of thu City Hall. "Hefonlicr" Hoglo has not said very much about that city coal contract. Mr. Kdwifrd M, Lahitf, the popular Secietnry to Mayor Harrison, made u great success out of St. Jeromu's fair. Mr. Lahlff generally succeeds In every thing he undertakes. The scholarly Donald L. Mori III will be one of the now Judges In all proba bility. There Is gooil Judicial timber in Dan iel J. Mc.Mahon. He Is popular vitth everybody. The iiuestlon Is often asked, What on earth did .1, K. PiimlKlllu ever do for the Democratic party to entitle htm to a s.'i.ltio Job as Pollcu Magistiatu at Ilarilson street? If .1. K. I'rlndlvllle, .1. P., Is entitled to .s.'.liio a year as a police iniigls. trate, there Is no u-o In kicking about crime. Joseph P. Junk Is much talked of by DeinoeriiiH for County Treasurer. ja.lTiri " The Young Men's Hepubllcan Club of the Twenty-fifth Ward has been formed, wit It John W. Healy as Secre tary. Corporation Counsel Walker says; "Thero Is no ipiestlou as to tho power of the City Council to compel tho street railway companies to furnish a service on all Hues to moot the demands of the public." In tho meanwhile, tho members of thu Drainage (iaug aro still grafting. How quick tho Health Department went to thu assistance of tho Icu Trust, didn't It? Cnptnlu Win. P. HIack, Win. Prentiss, Major K. 11. Tolmim, flcorgo Mills Hogors, John C, King, D. J. McMnhon, Miles J. Dovlnc, Donald L. Morrill and P. McIIugh are all mentioned for Judl- I clal honors. &?W TIN CANS GET A FEAST. Hopkins Feeds the Weary Outcast Politicians Who Are Out of Their Old lobs. And Who Have Been Tin-Canned for Uselessness by the Regular Party Leaders. An Ingenious and Practical Way of Reaching the Members of the Lobsters' Union. The Tilden Organization in This Way Re ceives Some Well-Filled Recruits Every Day. Hopkins Ileitis the stun lug! Hvery day the leader of the Tlldcit Democracy calls In the hungry and thu Jobless Democrats from tho outlying woods and gives them to eat. He feeds them all. The Knocker! The Kicker! Thu Hum! The Vagi Al thoeu and more enjoy the bounty of the chairman of the Democratic State Central Committee. .Air. Hopkins Is a line entertainer and a most agreeable host. Thu charm of his manner sheds Its refulgent rays over the political dining room on Monroe street, where he dis penses his charily. The ex-Mayor Is In soro straits just now In his attempt to break up the Cook County Democracy and he has to call to his aid every cast-off politician In thu town. He knows that the het way to leach these thi-cauucd gentlemen Is through their stomachs, and he sends them polite Invitations to dine with him. Do they accept? ell, we should say that they did. The majority consider themselves lucky to havo a red hot for lunch ami an open, free-hearted Invitation to eat with an ex-Mayor at n flue restaurant Is too good a thing to oveilook. The result Is that tho hard-working and Indefatigable Hopkins has a half dozen of gentlemen with tin cans tied to them at lunch every day. That Is, there Is a separate hunch of half a dozen lunching at his expense every day hi thu year. Thosu pink teas aro models In the way of political roasb, which aie served up to the guests alougsldo of the more substantial ones from tho kitchen. One day recently tho bill of faro was as follows: Drainage Jobs on tho half shell. Suckers, tried or baked. Soup, a la .lone. Uoasts (Harrison and Hmkc) ad libitum. Calves brains n I.i Tilden. Vealy stew, a l.i Congressman. Frappc, a la Civil Service. I'rost cake, a la primaries. Ice-., a la Jobs. Chestnuts, a la Hopkins, Hetwoen bites of tho delicious lunch Mayor Ilarilson, Kobort II. Hurko and thu Kcgular organization aro turned over until they aro done brown. The hungry guests nru well fed, well conned and well Jollied, and aio then sent forth Into tho wards to tight Har rlon and Hurko and to organize thu "Tilden Democracy," At those dally soirees .Mr. Hopkins pours, asslhted by the: Logiior Lumps, Aleck Jones Ca- Altgcld Wursts, dots. Passed Ups, No lobsters aro served, out of legaul for the feelings of the guests. .Now It Is City Hnglnoor Hricson who Is upon tho carpet beforo thu Civil Serv Icu Commission on "charges." This seems to lm thu era of "charges." There Is an epidemic of them Just at present. They nro In tho air, thick as mosqui toes at oventldu lu summer, They blto you when and where they please, and they blto promiscuously. It Is errone ous to Imagine that these "charges" aro annoying but harmless. Llko mosqui to bites they nro dangerous and bonie times deadly, They often carry with them tho malarial poison of scandal ami Infamous libel which destroy tho health ami vigor of a stainless llfo by robbing It of Its good name, Iteputn tlou, what a football art thou In theso NUMBER 621. degenerate days! Tlino was when men defended their good nnmo with their lives. To-day thoy go beforo the Civil Service Commission for n ront nf wiitt paint to keep off the mosquito bites, und sometimes they don't get it. Judging, however, by tho number of "charges" now being Investigated by tho "Three Tailors of Tooley Street," there must bo a most foul and dendly swamp of conspiracy and scandal lu full play somewhere In this town, pro ducing the microbe of "charges." It will bo well for tho good name of Chi cago If this stagnant pool of scandal can bo located mid obliterated. A lit tle of the petroleum of healthy public oplulo,u will do the work. Kit passant, Mr. Western Starr will be the attorney for tho gentleman who has brought thu charges against City Kugiiicer Krlcson. Hy the way, who Is this gentleman with tho luminous and heavenly name Western Starr. From what solar system has hu strayed, and has his course through thu vastness of space been directed toward this town of Chicago by the "Very hand which mollis a tear And bids It trickle from Its source The hand that makes thu earth u sphoio Ami guides tho planets lu their course." The Bugle knows not. Sutllce It to say (hat Western Starr Is here. He lirst began to twinkle nbove the politi cal horizon, when lu Hepubllcan con vcntlous he ns a delegate from the Fourth Ward persistently plucked the metaphorical beard of one Martin II. Madden. Messrs. Llmlbloin et nl. havo em ployed Western Starr, ami, It Is said, still contlnuu to employ him ns u mark er of tho papers of candidates for posl tlons under tho city ndnilnlstratloii whose lot It Is to pass through the or deal of civil service examination. Mr. Western Starr also "watches" proceed ings, Investigations, etc., on behalf of the Civic Federation, and ho Is now counsel for the gentleman who bilmrs charges against City Knglueer Krlcson, It Is claimed in ids lioliall' of course, this Is with an eye single to the per diem for marking (inputs under the Civil Son leu Commission that Mr. Western Starr Is a Democrat now. It was demonstrated by a dally newspa per ropoilor not long ago that Starr was unlit, being a bigoted ami narrow minded Individual on certain points, to hold tho position of a marker under the Clll Service Hoard, and Mayor Hani son, it is said, at that time ordered his discharge. Hut he Is back again hi his old Job, It Is hard, after all, to dislodge one of those fixed "Stairs," no matter how eccentric their oi bit may be, Theso aro the facts about Western Stair, who will Iiandlo the charges against City Kiiglneer Krlcson. The conference of fio eminent "weather prophets" at Mllwaukeu Is one of thu silliest things imaginable. Theso fellows are not prophets. They never "forecast" anything. They aro not scientists. They nover foretell a gicat storm nnd never know anything about onu until after It occurs, The St. f.ouls cj clone and tho stoim which swept away Calvestou weio neither of them scon hy thoni. They do not oven keep a correct rec ord of tho temperature of a city, as they nro usually perched on tall buildings) away from thu street level, Tho Weather Hureau Is a fraud and should be abolished, agiiiiiiiii!Miuigrai.yiac8fi3SgisSBaatf kx