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Chicago eagle. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1889-19??, February 08, 1902, Image 4

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tl)c Chicago aglc
Am tm4pttt4tnt Political Newspaper,
Ftaritaa and Truthful.
nnsaufTioN rates, $2.w per year
mrmY P. BONOVAN, Editor ai Proprietor,
Bmtbttit Corner Wuhtneton St and Sth Av.
(ateftd at the postofflcp, Chicago, till
of, at fewnJ-clnss mall matter.)
Suits have boon brought by traction
interests In tho Circuit Court that may
prevent tho collection of ?U,00o,O00 of
taxes. Tho vnllillty of the assessment
of capital Mock of every local coriora
tlon Is attacked. Discrimination In fa
vor of manufacturing and banking cor
porations Is alleged to bo so gross and
unfair as to nmount to legal fraud. The
eoustltutlonnllty of the law authorizing
the State Hoard of Kqiiull.atlon to as
stew the stock of purely local corpm-i
tlons for local taxes Is raised for the
llrst time In any court. If this point Is
.sustained In the higher courts the as
Moment of a slmihir character In ev
ery county In the State will be declared
Thesults are Injunction ca-.es brought
by tho Chicago I'nlon Traction and
Consolidated Traction Companies uud
directly Involve over tfioojioo In taxes.
The bills declare that the State Hoard
lias no authority to make an original
assessment except for State purposes,
anil that It cannot make an assessment
on tho Intangible propeity, otherwise
known as capital stock, of corporations
which exist wholly within one county,
for tho purpose of county, city, town,
or other purely local taxation.
It Is alx charged Hint unjust dUciim
Inatlou has been mndeagnliiht the com
panies In that they ale assessed on a
full cash valuation of their capita)
Mock, while a large amount of other
proiH-rty Is not assessed to exceed X
per cent of lt cash value. It Is averted
that the assessments for 1!1 arc far
below Hi.- full cash valuations of man
ufacturing lnitikliiLT and railroad prop
erty The Pullman Car Company, the
MK'ormiek Harvester Company and
Swift fc Co are cited as corporations
In whose fnr discrimination has been
The bills were filed by Attorney Hen
ri W. Crawford and mnke County
Treasurer Itaymond and Town Collec
tor Solomon and Cervony parties de
fendant. The f nM-s were taken before
Midge Tuley and set for hearing on
1'eb. 2.-,. Tho town collectors agreed not
to attempt to collef t tho taxes on capi
tal stock of tho companies until after
the hearing, and no temporary restrain
lug order wan grunted Attorney Sims
and County Collector Itaymond oy
!osvd the agreement, but as the County
Collector, under the law, cannot re-
echo tin tax warrants for collection
until March lit his consent to the agree
ment wan not necessary.
Tho bill alleges that the nNesinciit
of the State Hoard ngulnst tho I'nlon
Traction Company for lixit was ..,tr',
L'lS greater than In 1IRH. In the latter
year, It Is alleged, the State Hoard val
ued tho holdings of the I'nloii Traction
Company at S-M-tUW and the value
of the property assessed by the local
assessor was siMUKMBUi. leaving the
value of the Intangible holdings or capi
tal stock .fi'H.ItTO. Last year the State
Hoard lived tho entire valuation at
W-'tU'll. and tho returns on tangible
lorsoiialty by tho assessors was
.?:t.(Mi;.:;i'::. leaving the Intangible hold
ings s.-.o..:t,.!i.
In the ease of tho Consolidated Trac
tion Company lust year the total valua
tion was .f-'.oiivsns, as compared with
SiMOO.uoti In WW. The returns of the
assessors were SlllO.iUiS, ns compared
with S7,Si:t tho previous year, while
the net assessment of capital stock was
SI.Wi'.StM. us compared with slM'JlMS"
In ww.
According to tlie allegations, the
North Town Collector I about to collect
MM).r,7 from the I'nlon Traction Coin
pany and .l(v.,,.vjii from the Consoll
dated Traction Company, and the West
Town Collector Sl'J.IlK! from tho I'lilou
Traction Company. It is charged that
the assessment by the State Hoard, on
which these taxes were levied, "was.
with full knowledge and by a willful
disregard of duty, an overvaluation of
property so grossly disproportionate to
the valuation placed upon other prop
erty In Cook County and tho State, both
by the local assessors and tho State
Hoard as to bo fraudulent In law and
result, and In order to appease public
clamor the hoard did Illegally Impose
upon the prniHTty of tho companies a
far greater tax burden than the constl
tutlon permits."
One of the most peculiar outcropping
of the reduction of teachers' salaries Is
the relation which tho Teachers' Feder
ation and Its leaders now occupy to
ward the Hoard of Kducutlon.
Hardly had the decision of the board
to reduce salaries Ih'coiiio public than
the Federation Immediately Hounded a
call to arms, the object being to at
once declare war upon their employers.
lust where the tiling Is going to end,
If those lire brands are not suppressed,
cannot lie even guessed at, but It would
seem the least that may bo expected
Is the annihilation of the entire Hoard
of IMucatlon for Its audacity In daring
to Interfere In any degree or to any
extent whatever with tho regal preroga
tives of her majesty, thu sclioolmarm.
If any of Tho Kngle's readers Imagine
that this Is overdrawing the picture, a
glance at tho following extracts from
a prouuuclameiito of Miss Margaret
Haley a day or two aflor the action of
tho board will convince them of the
"The corporations have struck the
Idow which they planned to strike the
schools," says Miss Haley, "and It Is
only tho beginning. They have struck
at the etllcleney and the vitality of tho
schools. They wanted to devitalize
them, to disorganize them. That Is
their purpose In the schools to-day.
More than ever before they recognize
wliero Is their mortal enemy, and they
feel that they have to crush the schools,
or the schools will crush them."
Now mark you, Miss Haley, and the
Federation over which she wields nit
solute control, In this statement ap
parently blame "the corporations" and
not tho Hoard of IMucatlon for "the
blow" which she says has been struck
at the public-school system. Hut, read
lug between Hie lines, Miss Haley and
the Federation, of which she Is tho
mouthpiece, say as plainly as language
can speak by Inference that the School
Hoard In this regard was simply the
tool of tho corporations and therefore
the Instrument that actually struck the
school system "the fatal blow,"
To thinking people tho question nat
urally arises, does the Hoard of IMuou
tlon realize the full force ami moaning
of the tremendous accusation leveled
ut Its head by an organization com
posed of Its own employes, and If It
does, what Is It going to do about It?
Hut tliU Is not all. Here Is another
extract from Miss Haley's statement:
"The schools have made an attack
on the Vested Wrongs. The Vested
Wrongs recognize the schools now as
being their enemies, and feel the neces
sity for striking this blow. It Is not a
secret blow at all. t is not necessary
to strike secret blows. They liuvo
struck at the teachers to discourage
them. And It Is one more blow for uni
formity. "What Is going to Ik the outcome of
all this? To what Is It most Inevitably
"They are going to reduce the schools
to a deinl level of uicillocilty. Hut
they are not acting with any regard to
health any more than to menial attain
ments and progress.
"They are crowding the children six
ty and seventy In a room. And, what
Is more, people w ho have brains enough
to go Into any other profession are go
ing to leave the teaching profession."
In other Avoids, the Hoaid of IMuca
tlon, according to Miss Haley, s the
medium or vehicle through which "the
Vested Wrongs" get lu their diabolical
work against tho school system. Tills
leads to the Inevitable conclusion that
If the accusations of Miss Haley and
tho l'ederatlon are true. It behooves
the public to call upon the Mayor lor
the Immediate discharge of every mem
ber of the School Hoard. Theie Is no
other way by which the great public
school system can bo saved from de
struction If what the Miss Haleys of
tho Teachers,' Federation charges Is
CIl lens of Chicago Interested lu pub
lic educational matters naturally won
der whether or not the members of the
School Hoard will continue to sit pa
tiently under such an Imputation as
1'erhaps thoj will resign.
Hero Is more of the same character
"They (tho members of the Hoard of
IMucatlon) have said to I lie teachers:
'Von lmvo no reason now to come and
ask again for an Increaso of salary.'"
Subsequently, and In tho absence of
reporters, ouo of the corporation rep
resentatives (a member of tho Hoard of
IMucatlon) last night got up and
thanked them In the name of his In
terests. 1 consider all this n blow to tho
school system, which will react against
the etllcleney of the schools, and lower
tho resisting power.
If the public does not wuko up now
and regard It in that light and come
to the rescue, and aid tho teachers in
what they are doing, the public will
llud that this Is only a slight blow
compared with what the schools will
Now If this Is not a throat of de
struction against tiie present School
Hoard, wv do not know u threat when
we see olio.
Hut Hie fuluilnatloiis or the Federa
tion aiv already having their effect
and that effect Is spreading all along
the lino of the army of school teach
ers. We quote from a published state
ment of one of these employes to show
Just what this means. Hon. i t.
"If Miss Haley orders a strike, 1, for
one. will walk light out, ami seven
eighth of the other teachers would
do the same tiling, and 1 think I know
what I am talking about."
1ut think of it, ladles and gentle
men of tho Hoard of Kduontlon. If
Mis Haley "orders" u strike! What
can till moan? Is the Federation the
master of the public educational sys
tem; I it the boss of the public
schools, and Is thu Hoard of IMucatlon
simply a llgutv head u mere cake of
wax In tho hands of the Federation?
Is the Federation to be u threat mid n
menace to the School Hoard whenever
that Isnly dares to do anything which
has not tho approval of the former?
The Kaglo cannot answer those ques
tion for tho members of the School
Hoard, because nobody can tell what
amount of bulldozing and dictation
that body Is prepared to accept from
the petticoat government that now
seems to have u grip on It.
Men of spirit will say, however, that
what tho Hoard of IMucatlon ought to
do under the circumstances Is to either
muzzle or discharge the tlrebratids who
are heaping Insults and accusations
upon It, and It ought further suppress
the organization that has the audacity
to threaten to tie the hands and over
tide tlie acts of Its own employer.
Wo are glad to notice that tho warn
ings' concerning the overcrowding of
the theaters In this city sent out
through tlie columns of The Chicago
Kaglo are beginning to bear good fruit.
Hulhllug Commissioner Klolltassa has
started a crusade against the crowding
of aisles and wing, and The Fugle will
support him lu keeping the good work
up until the evil complained of ha liccii
In this connection The Fugle desires
to draw attention to what Is being done
by the municipal authorities lu New
In that city Fire Commissioner Stur
gls has put lu effect an order foi bidding
all theaters from selling tickets of ad
mission which would entitle the holder
to stand up lu the rear of the orchestra
or the balcony circles.
Kvcry theater manager along Hroad
way has been untitled that no one will
lie permitted to stand during tlie hours
of the performances, and this order has
been vigorously onforcil with supremo
Indifference as to whether or not It
turned hundreds of dollars away from
the doors of tho greedy tiotlmm thea
ters. (iood for New York and good for
Commissioner Sturgls!
Now let us hope that the authorities
of the city of Chicago will emulate
tills good example.
The theater managements of Chicago
are every bit as greedy as those of New
York, and are nightly taking chances
for tho sake of lllthy lucre that Imperil
the lives of hundreds of citizens. The
aisles, wings and balconies are crowd
ed with persons standing packed like
sardines, particularly at the perform
ances of star companies.
It Is frightful to think of the risks
taken by those people.
An iilarm of lire any night would pro
duce an awful loss of life among tho
men, women and children Jammed Into
these death traps.
A tire would result In a human holo
caust. If the city authorities fall to follow
the example of New York, they will
have a fearful reckoning to pay some
In Its last edition The Kaglo express
ed satisfaction at the action of tho
Hoard of IMucatlon lu abolishing the
kindergartens, in doing so it gave as
Its opinion that this Institution was of
no earthly value to tho public, but, on
tlie contrary, worked evil by relieving
lazy mothers of the care of their In
fants, thus giving tho former an oppor
tunity to gad around town or seek so
cial enjoyment outside the homo.
Now Tho Kaglo, while it claims the
light to criticise where It bellows criti
cism Is called for, Is at the same time
most anxious that Its criticisms shall
be neither unfair nor uuealhd for.
Since the publication of the article In
question this Journal has had occasion
to change Its opinion of tho kindergar
ten hi some respects.
I'ioiii a source competent to speak on
the subject we have leal lied that the
kindergarten, so far from being an un
mixed evil and imposition upon the
public, I not Infrequently a blessing
and always to the pom1.
Take, for Instance, the ery young
children of I'orelgu-speakiug citizens.
The ery llrst accents they are taught
to lisp are those of a foreign tongue,
and as they grow up lu this way they
become seriously handicapped lu tho
race of life In this great KuglNh-spcak-lug
community, because the acquire
ment of a foielgu language can never
compensate for the saerillce at which it
Is accomplished,
Tho kindergarten, however, offsets
tint handicap of the home in this re
spect, tho tender Infant being trained
from tho very beginning In tho use and
knowledge, of tho language of this coun
It also lessens tho labor and increases
tho etllcleney of tho teachers lu tho
lower grades by giving the children it
proper preparation for such work.
Again take tho case of Verv limit- im
pie, such, for Instance, a may bo found
in tne poorer Italian, Polish and Sin
ionic settlements, where the mother, a
well a the father of tho fiimllv. Is
dally forced to go out lu quest of work
in order to oko out an honest living. In
tho absence of both parent. (hero I
no olio to take care of the voi-i- Ditto
one, who ate too young to go to the
pi Unary school oven, and nearlv nl
way they m-(, j,,rt t the squalor ami
llilsel les of the .streets and oilers. 'I'luw,.
little being llud a bright, comfortable
ami enlightening a.luin In the kinder
gaiieiis, where they ate taken care of
a they could be nowhere else muter
the chciinistauccs.
For these tcusoiis alone. It Is to be
hoped that tho kindergarten may once
again lie ro-etabllshcd, at least In con
nection with those school located
among the home of tlie poor.
"Wabbly Willie" appealed hi a new
role last week.
A City Clerk he Is a member of tho
Police Pension Hoard, and ha a voice
lu passing upon tho merit of all appli
cants of the Torco for tlie provision ar
ranged by law for their old age.
Among the applicants last week was
ox-Capt. l.ttke 1 Colleran, the bravo
and ellicletit polio ollleor who was so
unfairly ami unjustly treated by the
narrow-minded and nilschlof-inaklng
Civil Service Hoard several weeks ago.
After the exposure of this outrage,
made through the column of Tlie Chi
cago Kaglo, even the Irresponsible po
litical triumvirate was forced to ac
knowledge to some extent tho crying
wrong that had been done this fultli
ful public servant, and consequently
offered no actlvo opposition to the ac
tion of the board.
Hut not so with Wabbly Willie.
That, individual, without tlie slightest
compunction, voted to deny to dipt.
Colleran the salary he had so well earn
ed by so many years of faithful and
(lawless service.
Ileason there Is none for tills action
of Wnhbly's; nt least so far as tin rec
ords show.
Hut those who iJnow the man say It
was because Cnpt. Colleran was the
friend of Hubert K. Hurke. and, fuither
more, because his cause was supported
and Justice to him advocated by The
Chicago Kaglo.
So Wabbly Willie tried to have Ids
political revenge for the summary man
ner In which his political wings have
lieeti trimmed by abler men.
He was defeated, however, because
there wore enough conscientious votes
on the Pension Hoard to overwhelm
the political shyloik from "Hlllle's
String of Wards."
Hut the fact Hint Cnpt. Colleran has
been done common Justice lu this re
gard doc not lessen the meanness and
spite which Is shown in this despicable
action of the "Wabblcr."
Cp to date Hie-caudldacy of Hon.
William K. Mason for re-election has
been little short of it triumphal pro
cession. Of course the Senator himself lias
been continuously and faithfully at
tending to his dalles in tlie N'atlotial
Legislature, but In doing uns
been making the grandest i.. i a
His every ulleiance and oic on the
questions of public moment have been
lu direct sympathy with the feelings
of his constituents, uud as the days go
on this able, loiiscleutlous and fear
less representative of tho people of Il
linois keeps on adding to a record that
Is Irreproachable as It is brilliant.
Hut the hosts of friends whom Mr.
Mason possesses lu every corner of
this State are not Idle. While ho Is
attending to Ids duties In the National
Capital they are looking carefully af
ter his political a n'a Irs at home.
Kvcry llllnol-an who loves his State
nnd glories lu seeing her splendidly
represented lu the councils of tho na
tion wishes to Mr. Mason tho fullest
tide of succiss hi his great campaign.
Hoforrlng to the candidacy of Colonel
Francis A, Itlddlc for Clerk of the Il
linois Supreme Court, the .lollet Dally
Itepubllcan recently printed the fol
lowing editorial:
"The voters of Illinois will want to
know' oniothlug of tho records of the
gentlemen for whom they may be
called to vote at tho State election of
1IMC. We thcicforo publish the fol
lowing sketch of Colonel Francis A.
Kiddie, of Chicago, whose name Is
prominently mentioned In connection
with the Supicuio Court clerkship.
"Colonel Itlddle was born in Sanga
mon County, Illinois, coming from the
family of one of tho earliest settlers lu
that county, lu early Hfo he deter
mined to obtain an education and en
tered the State Fnlvorslty at Spring
Held, now Coiicoidia College. Hut the
war for the preservation of tho I'nlon
been me of such absorbing interest, and
patriotism gaining tho ascendency lu
his hem t, ho left thu Freshman class
uud enlisted lu Company H, of tho
lliuth Illinois lleglmeut, .luno 'Jo, IMC',
"Ills military record Is that of a
brave and gallant soldier, enduring all
tlie hardships, dangers uud vicissitudes
of iirmy life until the last rebel had
laid down his aims. He was mustered
out at New Oilcans lu .Inly. ISH.". The
obligation of Hie Oraud Army of the
Kepubllc was administered to him by
Dr. II. F. Stephenson, Its llrst commander-in-chief,
at tho Stale House hi
Spiiuglleld, lu August, 1SIMI.
"Tlie war being over, he resinned hi
studies at Illinois College at .lacksou
vllle, Fioiii thence he entered the law
school of the rulversity of Chicago,
Alter graduating there ho was admit
ted to the bar, and began the practice
of his profession at Chicago lu IS71,
Fioiii that time he has devoted him
self to professional work. His success
and high standing at tho bar were
early assured, and his practlco lias al
ways been large and comprehensive.
"In 1877 ho wus sent to the State
Sonute, whero his services were rec
ogulzetl ns of conspicuous value to the
State, and his record ns a legislator
was one of great credit.
"Colonel Kiddle has for some years
been Identified with the National
(luard of Illinois, and at present holds
the position of assistant Inspector, gen
eral of the First Htigade, Oetieral
Charles FlizSltnotis commanding,
"Ills position among the war veter
ans or the State I so well known that
the !ovornor has recently, without his
solicitation, appointed him a member
or the commission to ascertain and
mark the position or the Illinois troops
ill the Siege or Vlcksburg.
"Tho contention between tlie Chicago
Public Library Hoard and the Oraud
Army Hall Memorial Association will
he remembered, ami to Colonel Kiddle,
who was President or that association
for several years, and to his associates.
Is duo credit for It settlement In favor
of the veteran, whoso olllclal home
dining the remainder or their live Is
now assured, and Memorial Hall will
remain as long a It stands n memorial
or tlie services nnd saciillce or the
soldiers a'tiil sailors or I lie civil war.
"Colonel Kiddle Is widely and favor
ably known throughout tho State a an
iiccoinplNlied lawyer, a gentleman of
literary acquirements, or unusual cul
ture, mid I an Impressive and elo
quent public speaker.
"Tlie consolidation or the three grand
divisions or tho Supremo Court at
Spiiuglleld makes It necessary that the
Incumbent or that olllco shall bo a man
whose ability and attainments lire or
the highest order. Tlie clerk should be
a lawyer or largo and varied experi
ence, and a man whose lldellty lu the
discharge or tho duties or that high
olllco will bo beyond question,
"These requirements are all round In
their full complement lu the Illinois
soldier, scholar, lawyer and gentleman
-Colonel Francis Asbitry Kiddle."
The following olllccs as to be tilled
by the votora this year:
Sheriff. Salary and perquisites $4.",
0(10 per vour.
County Treasurer. Salary and per
quisites JiKXMXJO a year.
County Clerk. Salary and perquisites
?A,000 per year.
Clerk or tho Probate Court.
Clerk of tho Criminal Court.
Ouo member of tho Hoard of Kovlow.
Two members of the Hoard or Assess
ors. One .ludge or Hie Probate Cotttt.
One .ludge or tho County Court.
Five Judges of the Superior Court to
succeed Incumbents. Salary, ifio.uuu
each per year.
Three additional -fudges of tho Su
perior Court, salary $10,000 each per
Three additional Judges or tho Cir
cuit Court, salary $ 10,000 each per year.
One President of tlie County Hoard.
Fifteen County Commissioners.
Ten Congressmen.
Sixteen State Senators.
Fifty-seven Kepresetitatlves lu the
William C. Kuester. the able, hon
est uud painstaking representative of
the Twenty-sixth Ward, will be re
elected next spring by an overwhelm
ing majority.
Tlie people of his ward would not
part with him on any account, because
hi Mr Kuester they have, beyond all
doubt, the very best Alderman who
ever represented their Interests In the
City Council.
Aid. Kuester Is one of Chicago's mer
chant princes and Is at present general
superintendent of the great Illinois
Hiick Company.
This concern Is one or the largest
and wealthiest of lis kind lu the coun
try, ami gives employment to hundreds
of workmen at tlie very best wages.
Notwithstanding the demands which
tho management of this Immense Insti
tution must necessarily make upon his
time, Alderman Kucstcj; manages to at
tend thoroughly to'thc needs or his
ward and or his constituents, lu tact
has never been known since his elec
tion to have overlooked or neglected a
single detail or his duties lu that ie
speet. Aid. Kuester Is In polities from a
high sense of duty as a citizen, and
not because of any emolument or re
ward that might be derived from It.
Ho Is u man of kindly, genial temper
ament and Is therefore respected by all
who know him.
Such a man could not fall to add
strength to any ticket.
Many Democrats talk of s. P. Shope
for Circuit Judge.
John K. PiindlvHIe would make ouo
of the host Judges that Conk County
has ever had.
After electricity and Inventive genius
have doii their best to supply auto
matic signaling devices thu safety of
railway travel depends upon tho man
lu thu switch tower. Tho engineer
may bo over so watchful and faithful
ami tho signal devices ever so Ingeni
ous and clllclcur, but If tho man who
operates tho switches and signals
makes a mlslaku a disaster of somo
sort Is Inevitable. This Is tho consen
sus of ipliilon of tho men who handle
the switches and signals on thu big
railroad centering lu Chicago, as as
certained through Interviews, All ngreo
that double-tracked loads equipped
with block signals present thu great
est Immunity from accidents ami col
lisions, There Is no disposition on tho
part of switchmen to deprctiato tho
value of automatic devices or to dis
credit their good work hi averting ac
cident. In fact it Is pointed out that
all of tho recent railway disasters can
be traced to caielessness on tho part
of somo railroad man. Hut after all
mechanical safeguards havu been pro
vided tho safety of travel rests ulti
mately with Hie employes who manip
ulate signals and switches and executo
train orders. Attention Is called by
tho Chicago Itccord-Herald to the fact
that about 0,000 engines mid trains
must pass th') signal tower near tho
tunnel under tho I.nko Shoro nt Clark
and 10th Btreetu overy twenty-four
hours, nuil vet so carefully nro tho
switches nnd signals handled that
Mfe." . V
The Well Known Lawyer, Talked of for Judicial Honors,
there has not been it serious accident
at this point since track lowering was
completed four years ago. The do
maud Is, the: of ore. for safe men as
well as surety signaling devices. Thu
man lu tho slguul tower should he
clcar-br.tlncil, clear-sighted, alert,
watchrul and faithful. Men who are
considered for these positions should
bo subjected to rigid mental and phy
sical examination, They should then
bo required to work reasonable hours
and should tie given the rest that Is Has City was a closo second, and Onm
necessary to Insure the highest fill- m, Cincinnati and a dozen more cities
clency. made lino records.
There may be cynical persons upon
whom Mr. Carnegie's buoyancy of
spirits and optimism will net like black
bite. And if such there be they will
say that It Is easy to be cheerful with
an Income of millions a year, ami that
laughing while others work Is an em
ployment that would not bo ungrateful
to most men. Hut to laugh dining one's
work, as Mr. Carnegie advises, is cer
tainly much belter than to weep or to
grumble. A sunny temper helps lu hc
immediate task; It helps tu preferment.
If It Is combined with Industry and
fair ability It counts for good work and
for success every moment. Its Influ
ence Is always benellchil, and the cir
cumstances of tho rich Ironmaster do
not affect tho soundness of his doc
trine. Klch and poor should subscribe
to that doctrine with equal heartiness
and rccogulz'j that thu way toward
which this Joyous teacher points Is tho
way of health, strength and happiness.
At the same time It might hu urged
that ho should luno boon a little more
dellulto when hu mine to the question
of u competence. While wo arc all
agreed that supcrlluoiis wealth Is su
perfluous, there must ho a considerable
variety of opinion as to the exact sum
that should bo laid aside for the rainy
day and tho days of life's decline, Mr.
Carneglo let in Just a glimmer of
light on his personal convictions con- thoroughly convincing. It is this: Km
corning the subject when ho says that players want their young men to bo
ho himself Is loaded with somewhat able to wtitu business letters Ihut will
more than a competence. Hut wu not stultify the linn in thu eyes of Its
should like a more accurate weighing ' correspondents. It may ho that tho
of tho load. Tho modest word "some- esteem lu which good spelling Is now
what" suggests that perhaps It was hold Is nothing but blind prejudice,
only thj last million that made Itself and that a man ought not to euro
felt as a burden. Yet It Is posslhlo ' whether his letters ate well spelled or
that the strain began with tho last ten ' not. This may he. Hut thu actual con
million or thu second hundred million, dltioti now and heru Is that men do
In any case, a competence can hardly esteem good spelling ami that they do
mean the same thing to him that It ' want their letters spelled lu conform-
does to tho d iy laborer, mid though hu
advises well It Is doubtful If hu would
hu content with thu smaller compe
tence which ho approves. There Is tho
castlo in Scotland which ho would
havu to resign, and those frequent mid
pleasant trips abroad. They are nut
strictly necessary, mid yet when ouo
had formed thu habit of castles and
lung journeys some pent-up suburb of
small homes lu thu vicinity of Pitts
burg might leave something to ho de
sired. Hut it competence that has been
won through years or toll with tho
help of a wife who has been
ii good manager sometimes goes no fur
ther than tho humblest of homes mid
thu slenderest of Incomes, and It hap
pens occasionally that tho hardest of
struggles doc not bring even such a
competence. The promise Is never cer
tain, mid yet In spite of all this Hicio
Is wisdom in Mr, Carnegie's philoso
phy. Laughtei' Is a tonic, worry Is a
poison. No sentence of tho Scriptures
conveys a moiu wholesome lesson than
tho Injunction: "Fret not thyself; It
tcideth only to ovll."
After all, thu big men of America
nro not tho millionaires. Tho fellows
who are- rals'ng hogs nnd cattle, tho
runners uud tho stockmen show up in
tho nggrcgiito In a wav that makes the
combined fortunes of a dozen lluuuclul
kings look 111;,, playthings. Talk about
expanding Industries If you will, but
don't forget that primarily this Is a
food-producing nation. It grows things
to cat. It markets the substances that
liumaulty must have, bo tho times guod
or bad, The market for pianos and
gold watches may become depressed.
Thoso who mmiufacturo luxuries mny
feel tho pinch of poverty ut times, Hut
us long as Immunity eats, millions up
on millions of money must How to tho
United States. Tho United States has
completed a cent us of thu domestic an
imals of thu country, It Includes horses,
mules, cattle, sheep, hogs and goats.
Thu total Is l'.a,12l,7.i7, mid tho aggro
gato value. Is $a,4S.',ill).tiur. Tho value
of cattlo alono Is Jjil.'JOJ.'-'Oo.OOO mid of
hogs $203.8.000, Tho figures nro so
vast that the'r meaning Is almost lost.
X billion doesn't convoy much Informa
tion to tho uvorngo mind. Lot's try It
another way, Tho nggrcgiito valuo of
llvo stock exceeds thu total combined
valuo of tho products of tho fields, for
ests and mines or tho tuition for the
past year. Prices have advanced since
the census wis taken, ami It Is certain
that the present aluo of all tho live
stock lu thu United States exceeds four
thousand million dollars. The year
ItiOl win the greatest In the history of
tho business. Utuck raisers, shippers
and packers nil made money. All along
the ilne Increases were shown. Chi
cago rocilved over ll.ooo.oOO cattle, 4,-
ooo.ooo sheep and 0,000,000 hogs. Kan
In addressing thu students of tho
University or Chicago A. C. llartlctt
said recently that a young man who
wishes to succeed lu business ought to
get u secondary school training that
would make It possible for him not
only to enter college without condition
but actually to spell correctly. Mr.
Hartlett's 'opinion lu this mutter car
ries somo weight. He Is thoroughly fa
miliar with tho business world ami
ought to know the laws that govern It.
It Is true that his opinion conlllcts
with that of certain other people It
has been said lu excuse of alleged lax
ity lu teaching spelling Hint the art of
spelling Is merely an accomplishment;
that It Is no Indication either of
strength or of weakness of mind; that
It Is better to bo able to think than
to hu abto to spell; Hint an extremely
foolish man may be able to spell every
word In tho language, whllo soniu ex
tremely wisu man may not be able, tj
spell nt all, and that In view of these y
raets spelling uiiisi oc rcgiirueu ns ouo
of tho minor graces of tin education,
harmless, perhaps even desirable, but
by no means essential. With this view
' of thu question Mr. llartlctt Is evident
ly at variance. He Is convinced Hint
a hoy should hu taught spelling even
If tome other things have to lo neg
lected. Ills reason Is a simple one, but
Ity with established custom. A wisu
young man who Is entering business
life will bear this In mind nnd will ac
commodate himself to circumstances,
whatever ho may think of their phil
osophical Justification.
Now York uowspnpors a few weeks
ago wcro full of extended accounts of
tho "coming-out" party lu that city of
Miss Adcllu Kaudolph, stepdaughter of
William C. Whitney. Money was
poured out like water. Tens of thou
sands of rose buds, orchids by tho
wagon loads, festive greenery lu pro
fusion uud the choicest output
of tho conservatories were used
us decoration. Tho music was
thu highest-priced that could hu
secured. Kditorials havu been written
Justly condemning this profuse display
of wealth, Thu poor who huddle hi
their tenements read these descriptions
and hate thu rich. Thu ostentatious
showing makes their poor lives moru
miserable by comparison. Tho trausl
Hod from misery to viciotiHiiess Is n
short one. Head "I.cs Mlsernhles" or a
"Tale of Two Cities" mid you will seu
whnt misery wrought lu France n bun-
. 'l'd years ago. Hut thero Is another
Hlt, Uio plcturo mid It ought to bo
j miowii. jiio purcniiso or uio uowers
for this pnrty gnvo employment to
mally. Thu money that was spent went
into tho channels of circulation. Kvcry
dollar paid to florist and tho musician
and tho decorator mid tho drayman
helped theso persons. Nor can one
envy thu rich their showy pleasures.
They entail tunny pains and much dis
appointed ambition. However elabo
rate tho preparation somo parveuu Is
likely to outdo it. Display brings Its
penalty. It costs more than It comes
to. Many n rich man Is poorer lu tho
things that mako for Impplncs than
tho veriest pnuper.
Danger llt3 tu everything. Hero Is
O. A. Gilbert, of Montrose, N, Y who
s dead from haudllng too much money.
Ho was u banker and In taking In bills
over his counter ho been inc. Infected
with (ho smallpox-, his wife nursed him
nnd she also took it. Tho result of It
is that both of them nro dead. This
Is nu ntlllctlvo circumstance uud yet It
will not prevent us from coutluulng to
receive subscriptions. Tho risk Is great
but tho roward Is certain.
-fa.'w Jt..i.iW J-aAiMJteK-ijt a. -Ja. SWftfti,-,
.AadfiswfeiKfrUj in iwitinfi

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