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' TUB OHIOAGO BAQLE, f m it "T1,1 ,!- 4 v ilk . I UA XYITDGL BY l1Tr1T i4 ! u m-;r 'jmm:. .ijkliv in n . .sft'mKm'? v'jk4 rods in Schools a Necessity Acquisition o f knowledge Is tho popular ilcltultion of cilucntlon. Tim new education docs not lunoro tho vnlitc of knowledge hy ntiy means, but it docs ulilft the cinpliiuls. Our nt titndc toward ncliool fads will be determined by our definition of educa tion. If the "three It V nru tho chief cud of education, the Jmls nro n waste of time. If education is mental nud spiritual power, as the best educators aru now saying, tho fads mc itidisp4nsable. A child reared on arithmetic, old-fashioned geoaraphy and the AIIO method of education Is apt to be mentally utarv cd and lean. Drawing, color work, "mud pies," music, manual training mid eon Ktruetl;e work, however lmple, adze the innermost interest of tho child. That there are educntlonal dangers from "Tods" Is not denied. First, becauso iu the hands of Impulsive educational re formers the fad is likely to bo overdone. For no ideal vystcm it requires Ideal teaching. Our normal school course might to be tlireo or even four jears, In dead of two. Children who must be nt work nt 12 years old have no tlmo for fads. Level the conditions up to the Ideal standards or education. Any tight ngalnst fads riiould bo n light, not for their abolition, but for their proper modification nnd for their increased, effectiveness In nubile education. li. A. WIHTK, D. I). Progress of Women. .1 Wo do not assume thnt nil A women desire tho ballot. All T women do not desire nny one IM good thing. There nre some who ijt ileslro no good thing nt all. mmS ''''pru nl' "t'101- who nro not 2ll seeking the ury best In nn.v ie- liitlon of life. It wo had waited for a majority of the women of our nation to demand higher education, when do you Mipposo tho doors of our colleges would have hern opened to tlietn? I lire results; have been predicted nt ev ery step of radical progress. When worn n tint enjoyed higher education, tho cry went out t lint thu homo would bo de stroyed. Hut tins nchool were opened, mid women entered them, nnd it has been discovered that tho intelligent volu tin makes u wNer mother, a better home maker mid u much more desirable com panion, filend nnd wifo than a woman whose intellectual horizon U narrowed by tho cilcillt uf embioldery nud tho min uet. When coeducation was first tried, men thought they would easily carry off tho honor, but soon they learned their mis take. That experience gave to men a better opinion of woman's intellectual iiblllly. The larger intellectual powers of women nud tho greater financial Inde pendence of women huvo tended to ele vate tlin home. There l.s nothing In lib erty which enu harm either man or worn tin; there Is nothing iu Justice which can work ngnltixt tho best good of humanity. ANNA HOWAItl) SUAW. Work thai Convicts Might Do. -I Tho roads of tho State need A Improving. Under proper con- Ijf trol and direction tho convicts lj could do tho work. Is there Jff, any reason why they should not yvv bo o employed? Tho men must at lln linilklwl. foil linil flnlltn.l nil of which costs money, which must bo supplied by the tuxpnyers. Is thero any moro effective way nt making returns to the taxpayers than Iu tho permanent im provement of thu public roads V .... - ........ .... ...... ..V...V1., .( THE OLDEST IRONMASTER. ChrUtuplicr Zu, tine of PlttNluirR'a Hciuarkulilu Cltlxciin. Hiul Christopher Zug, thu oldest Iron manufacturer lu thu United States, not been stricken with blindness four years ago, It 18 bellovfU thnt li o would Intro rounded tho century uinrk. As It win, lie died re cently, nt tho ngo nf 1)5. Ills son, now 70, continues, t h o I r business, which Is ono of tho most prosperous iu t li u vicinity of Pittsburg, ug wits tin eccen- citiiisToriiKit zi'u. trie Individual. Horn on n farm, ho Iticntcri In Pittsburg In early youth mid drove, an c.prexsiunu's cart on tho uuttoiml p!l;t. lu 181(1 he formed n partnership with koiiio other Pittsburg cr.s nud engaged lu thu iron business thu pioneer of that Industry which has given the Smoky City Its grent wealth nud population. Tint plant Is still lu operatluu, having earned a fortuuo for fiivcrn! persons beside Zug. Thu lat ter was proud of tho fact that Ills com pany never Joined a combine. Though ho hail 'for twenty yenrs been out of iictlvn business, not u niovo wns made by his concern without his ndvtcu and cooperation and lu his Inst years he was frequently driven to his otllco to confer with his imrtucrs. To tho last his health was leuinrkablp. At SS ho could mount the most spirited horse lu Pittsburg and ride four miles. It was said IhutMr.Zug was the hug bear of some of tho social leaders of Pittsburg. Ho hadn't a spnrl; of mal ice iu his composition, but hu did have u habit of chuckling when tho social doings of people were referred to In his hearing, nud an account In his presence of thu pretensions of tills family or thnt was us likely as not to bo com mented on by him with a icfeteuco to the tluio when (lie head of tho family drove n wagon on the national plko or whipped up a uitilo on tho canal tow path or worked n sonio other humble capacity. FIR8T LESSONS. Yoiiiiu Hnl lor Forcibly Tiiuulit Kcouo my and Hettpcd for Superiors, Tho llrst two lessons on board ship nre, perhaps, obedience and tho learn ing jto keep tilings "shipshape." In ac complishing tho latter task, thero must he no waste. Kcoiiomy Is as requisite as order. A writer who eallo himself "ft.Yankco sailor" tells In his reminis cences, entitled "Ou Many Seas," tho tory of his Introduction to mniine dis cipline He mju . it y - -- T7wsv-e.1.v-:: : ?,!C From tho standpoint of the convicts, would It not bo better morally nnd phy sically to employ them out of doors than within penitentiary walls, and In lmrdy occupations rather than tlioso more or less sedentary? Hy dividing them Into squads of from ten to twenty men each tho danger of conspiracies and tho evils incident to wholesale and miscellaneous herding would bo lessened. ' In tho absence of n legislative appro priation providing for n system of State ronds, details of convicts might bo made to counties under u lease system, tho counties bidding for the labor, as private parties do now. It sccnis'to ma tho plan could bo worked out iu nil details nnd would bo highly advantageous. 1 pre sumo tho employes nt tho penitentiary would bo opposed to this plan becauso it would mean mora hard work for them and increased responsibility, but If our legislators nnd executive want to distin guish themselves it seems to mo that here is n magnificent opportunity. F. HE. VJ AM IN. Prevalence of Smallpox. That smallpox is alarmingly preva lent in many States must be evident to all who read the newspapers. Sta tistics show that during tho yenr 1UU1 tho nuuibor of cases in the mid dle West Increased over U00 per cent, the plague becom ing moro widely spread than nt nny time since the great seven years' pandemic of 1870 to 18M. I.lttlo is known of the first cause, of this malignant disease, but nowadays it occurs only by tho Infection being con veyed from one person to nnother. Small pox contagion exceeds iu vlrulciico that of nny other mnlady. Tho Infectious prln ciplo resides in the lluld contents of tho poeks nnd in tho crusts resulting from their desiccation, nud probably it is con tained in all the fluids of the body. More over, it pervades the emanations from the person, so It may I hi contracted without iictunl contact with tho ono Infected. Tho volatile contnglum may extend to n considerable distance, it having been known to cross a stream of water, nearly half a mllo wide, and when attached to articles of clothing, merchandise, paper money, etc., it Is very energetic nnd per sistent. Tho disease Is probably more in tensely contagious during the vesicular stage of eruption, but it Is communicable nt nil periods of its course. It may also bo carried from ono person to nnother without tho person who carries It hlniielf MitTcring from an attack. Tho period of lnciibatiun is usually thir teen days, although In raio cases the time may bo shorter. The symptoms nro ushered iu with a chill, this being follow ed by high fever, great weakness, vomit ing, severe hcndaclin and pain In the back. Then tho little red eruption ap pears, first upon tho face and head and u few hours later upon tho body. Much so-called smallpox Isn't smallpox at all, and doubtless many persons show lug various similar symptoms havo been needlessly exposed to contagion by being hurried away to isolation hospitals by iguoraut health authorities. Smallpox is My first Job was to scrub tho brnss work about the wheel and screw-steering. The steamer being new, thero was u deal of work to do about tho rigging, which had stretched all out of shape on thu passage from Ftilrlmvcu to New York. On this, my llrst day, they hud been setting up the lower rigging, and the decks wero very much littered, when the innto ordered me to "sweep up." First, I went round uud gathered up a handful of "shakings," that Is, odds and ends of rope yarns, and with them a hrand-uew piece of iticli-aud-a-hulf maulllu rope, about six or seven feet long, which had been cut olY for sumo purpose. Supposing this to be of no valuu wheru thero was such an abuad ancu of ropo of all uorts, 1 carelessly threw It overboard. The innto was ou thu poop, and hear ing thu splash, looked to scu what had caused It. Down ho came ou thu inula deck, uud asked me who had thrown tho piece of ropo overboard. "I did," said I; and then I got n lee tutu ou economy so emphatic, nud so punctuated with abusive epithets, that 1 havo never forgotten it. Ho told me I was thu most useless fool ho had ever como across, In a long and varied career, and threatened to throw mo overheard after tho rope. When the squall was at Its height, thu captain came over the gangwny. "What's the matter, Mr. Johnson V" ho asked. "Oh, this boy's mndo a good begin ning!" was the scorntui reply.. "Why, what has ho donoV" "Only thrown half a coll of new rope overboard so far. I don't know what he'll do before ho gets the decks cleared up." "I did not," said I, coming forward. "I only throw over a little piece. I didn't suppose It was good for any thing, or I wouldn't have done It." Thu iiinto looked daggers at mo, and thu captain said, so sternly that I never forgot It: "Let mo tell you something, boy. Never contradict nn otllcer; never speak unless you, are spoken to, and always say 'sir' to your superiors or you'll get Into trouble." Tlioso wero my lessons two lu ono day. ENGLISH PRIVATE PALACES. Vast Piiuih ICxpcuiU'il on Their Decora tlon unit FurnUlilim. The recent snle of Unttlo Abbey for 200.000-n llgtiro at which tho proper ty Is cousidctcd almost ruinously cheap -gles somo small Idea of iho vast sums thnt may bo expended on ono's domicile. Knton hall, the Duko of Westminster's Cheshire sent, cost tho Ut bolder of the title considerable meM ft comparatively rare disease, nnd in tha ordinary course of his medical practice not ono physician In a hundred ever comes In contact witli n genuine case. This being true, whatever tho average doctor may know regarding this dread malady has been learned from books or Imparted by somo medical college instruc tor who himself, perhaps, has no knowl fdgo gained from actual experience in its treatment. Under such circumstances it Is not surprising that mistakes In diag nosis nro frequent. Kven health officials in large cities, who see cases of tho dis ease frequently, nre nt times unnblo In its Jnclpleney or early stages to dlstln finish it from measles, or from tho erup tion that often occurs ns a result of large and repeated doses of medicines that mo sometimes taken by persons without the knowledge of the physlclnn. That smallpox is n loathsome disease all admit, nnd thnt vaccination is almost n certain preventive is Tcry generally ad mitted by medical men and medical au thorities. To bo sure,- not every one who has been vaccinated is Immune, neither is every ono who has had an nttnek of the disease. Tho writer personally knew a gentleman who died from smnllpox who hnd been twice severely nflllcted with tho disease, and who was very badly scarred from tho previous attacks. The fact remains, however, thnt vacci nation will prevent contagion In nearly every ease, and when smallpox occurs after successful vaccination it Is much less severe nnd tho death rflto Is propor tionately diminished. From proper vac cination, with reliable virus no troublo or danger Is likely to arise; then it would eem to ha the duty of every one to bo successfully vaccinated. m. c. swi:i:t, m. d. What Makes a City Great. The truly great city is the city of great men, for that means great capac ity jn all directions. That city must bo tho truly greater city greater In tho sense of better ti1it1. nrwttMina llln SMBjw best men. W hero Jisxvw men nro of tho highest t.vpo of manhood, morally, Intellectually and phy sically, tho institutions which they make and manage come most naturally to be the greatest of their kind, nnd tho city of which they oro a part Is great becauso of them. Next to men I should place means. All the men In the world could build neither n good nor n great city without money. It is the power for good or bad. In tho hands of truly great men, of honest men, tho results that may be obtained to the goodness nud greatness of u modern city are almost beyond conception. llecnuso of the influence of money, the status of n city's financial Institutions Is of gravo Importance In estimating its claim to true grcutness. Tho high stand ing of Its banks, nud tho Integrity of Its trust companies, nre uot only Important, they nro absolutely necessary. Tho great est financial Institutions of n country center In the cities where money circu lates most freely, nnd establish there tho money markets of tho world. Perhaps the llrst fenture that makes n city really grent in tho eyes of the world is its population. Hut numbers, however large, can never mako u city truly great. The manner lu which tho people nro gov erned Is much moro Important; nnd great men arc the true foundation (.touts of nil great cities. Through them como high religious idenls, nnd institutions of true learning nud broad charity; and through them Is good government obtain ed. The greater and better tho men, tho gt enter and better the city. THOMAS O. l'I,ATT, United States Senator from New York. over 1,000.000 sterling to build, and probably even this llgtiro would go only ti very small wny toward purchas ing nuy one of somo scoro of London houses as they stand. Perhnps nonu of theso palaces strike the visitor with n vivid sense of their wealth moro than do Spencer bouse, In Arlington street, nud Norfolk bouse, In St. James' sqtiare. Stafford house, St. James' palace-tho largest of them by far contains probably moro money's worth than nny of the others, but Is not so lavishly decorated. Onu may discover that for n single sideboard without any history or ngo to enhauco Its value tho sum of 500 may he paid; for a sttlto to accom pany It another .'00; for n carpet for the dining-room, 7C0; for curtains for Iho same room, V2 u ynrd; on lire plneo and mantelpiece, 1100 may bo laid out; the tapestry nnd carved pnu cling with which to clotho tho walls will cost 100 per panel, nnd tho cell ing. If n Whistler or n Sargcut deco rates It, will ruu away with 0.000. Altogether, ono inny Invest 11.170 on tho dlnlug-rooiii-oiio of tho cheapest apartments In tho house. Tho mero mural decoration In the grand draw-lug-room will cost more, and Its other appointments four or ilvo times us much. Then thero will bo tlireo or four smaller drawing-robins, boudoirs, nnd music-rooms to furnish at a pro pprtlouatc cost; a morning-room or two, which will cost n mero 10,000 nplecc; a library, that cannot very well bo fur nished In keeping with tho rest for less than 1'.'.000, Including books. With regard to tlfe bedrooms, 700 npleco may ho paid for somo of the suites and 100 for the beds. Those llgures nro hy no menus fancy prices that It would ho dllllcult to spend. To such a linn us Warlug's they represent Items that there would bu easily sup plied. London Mall. Cuusilo Politeness. A certain,, socloty woman who hnd taken offense at Hurry Lchr on some trivial ground undertook to humiliate li 1 in In tho presence of some fashion ablo friends. She waited for her op portunity, nud, then remarked, with n sneer; "Mr. Lchr, will you pleaso send n easo of wJno to our house? Wo nro all anxious to help you along, you know." "Same as lasts" queried Mr. Lchr, calmly, "If you please." Tho Squlro of Dames turned to his vnlet. "Mako a noto of somo wlno for Mrs, X" ho said. "Ono dozen sherry dollnr nlnetyrflvo." Now York Times. Some people are very impressive: j tutjr iutM you at great cbutsp A vkKLwLLB &$liYW 'JBV-.f . MURRAY St CO., WILLIAM EISFELDT, Funeral Director and Embalmer. FUME LIVERY. TEL. NORTH 270. W. A. HINKINS PROPRIETOR OF THE Erie Livery awl Boaiiii Mile 199 TO 201 ERIE STREET, CHICAGO. Telephone Strictly High-grade Carriages, E. MUELHOEFER & BRO. UNDERTAKERS. 112 and 114 Clyboum Avtnntf Tl . TELEPHONE MONROE 301. Schultz & Hirsch Co., Manufacturers or and Wholesale Dealers In Feathers, Feather Pillows AND BEDDING SUPPLIES. 260 and 262 So. Desplaines St., - Chicago. TILIPHONa, HENRY E. BRANDT, Paints and Wall Paper, 446 fr 448 Lincoln Avtnut. aPaUntinv Iaprlmnginff and. Decorating. WfcaltMli: It. 410 Irttad Avt., cir. Uiooli Art. "tt'U Union Lock Poultry Fence. For Poultry, Rabbits, Orchards, Gardens, etc. c -a " " 'CKF nSt hk 'W yl---.-". s Stronger and closer spacing than any other make, Our Union Look Hog, Field and Cattle Fence, Union Lawn Fence,, Qates, etc., guaranteed first class. C Your dealer should handle this line if not, write us for prices. Catalo-ue :ree. a UNION FENCE CO., PE BLANKETS SQUARE WOOL, all pile DUCK-LINED, squat a4 shaped, all grades. STABLE BLANKETS, llae and unlined, all stylei ail qualities, cut to fit a4 guaranteed to stay oa. WATER-PROOF Horse a4 Wagon Covers. WHITE DUCK Horse aadW ' gon Covert. CHEMICAL DUCK Hon ati Wagon Covert. ANYTHINO that caa be maAt out of Duck or Canvai. Note change of addressi 333 S. CANAL ST, 86-88 RACINE AV. COFT. GARFIELD AV. North 1070. Broughams and Light Livery OHIOAGO LAKB VIIW IBB. KALB, ILL,, U. S. A. .,.,. isaamra reWRMB 4 HATTER fe UP TO DATE. -I I ALL THE LATEST STYLES. Best Quality Stiff and Soft Hats (J fft j no better made PdeftP fv ik Medium Quality a satisfactory val- 0 fkfk "& uc for the price )U .5 The Latest Silk Hat high grade dJSJ fifi ,? a ' i 135 MADISON FURNITURE Carpets, Stoves, Crockery, Rugs, Brass and Iron Beds, Lace Curtains and Shades. Cheapest Cash House in the C&y HENRY STUCKART, 2509 to 25 I 9 Archer Ave. IMiO.NB YARDS 27. The Consumers' Butter Comply d?s' con ioit x-r J3i) Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Butter and Eggs, Teas and Coffees STORES : 700 West 47th Street. 660 West Van Burcn Street. 635 West 63rd Street. 9150 Commercial Avenue. TELEPHONEYARDS 914. FACTORY AND WEED AND DAYTON TILIMSNI, fo Housekeepers; S IT NOT A FACT That you do your sewing In the nfter noon and evening when you are weary and tired ? Labor and Time Must Be Saved.... You cannot afford to sew by hand neither should your life lie bur dened with a slow-sewing and haid-running sewing machine. W. M. HOYT WHOLESALE mmwmmmmjamm mPOBTXmt AND jrOBBBBI 09 TEASI 1M.L 3. 5, 7Ie9 Mm iicurrni ; ... . .. i jit) -" ' Z : . '. mae WWW 'i. THE- I STREET cES I t. JOHN GERTS.. Manufacturer -OF SALESROOM STS.f - NORTH lift, cmcAaa Are You Aware That Tho No. Wlir-i); Wilson is the lightest-jsanc lock-stitch machine in thr ynrlr.? You Con Save One Day Out of every three by ttp ' No. 9," for It tews oar-Ui'fl faster than any vibrating s'hre'.la' sewing machine made. Wheeler & Wilson Mfg. fC&, II a and 80 Wabajb Avesu- COMPANY, GROCER MNWM ' Mf AfB. 9111 (0 1 BlTV iff: rmii riARUd JawMtamfSa aaaaaaWa9kaa' ZaTM H00K4iHfct life BEST HrmTVW mW ever am BAa IkaW g0Smmir sn ' - iki !. 1 -jo U.5. d.i , ,. &... . .,.' i..,'t4S iJiilSUV,A'Ai.. .- . i.iU.W.-llb' -. H