Newspaper Page Text
' v-1 THE OHIOAOO Hi .A. Gr LEI. LINE UP FOR VICTORY. Democratic Leaders Dress Their Ranks for the Coming Battle at the Primaries. VOICE OF THE PEOPLE Gorreipondenoe from Many Headers of the Chicago Eagle on Subjects of Public Interest. Political, Municipal, Economic, Social and Other Questions Treated from Various Points of View. It Is an Imposing Array that Strikes Terror Into the "Payroll Patriots." New and Powerful Combination Has in Its Ranks the Men Who Carry Delegations. Will Drive Professional Pap-Suckers of Control and Revert to Real Democracy. Barrett-Burke-Sullivan -Hopkins Combine the Greatest Democratic Organization Ever Seen in Chicago. There was weeping mid gnashing of teeth among tlu flunkeys, the holders of sinecures, the payroll bin uncles, tin bridge tenders, tlii' professional hull bonds imoii, tlii' "privilege" peddlers and all tlii? other parasites on the body politic, who next over In the City Hall during tliu week Just past. There was u commotion anions; the Insects who coddle ho closely to tho city payroll, that Iricslstlbly called to one's mind tin result or a sudden disturbance of an anthill. It alt ciime almut over the orgnnlzn ' ttou In a solid and united phalanx of tin i eiil Democracy of Chicago, the rank and tile, comprising the very back hone of the party, with for Its motto, the destruction of the "Organized Ap petite" at the City Hall, which has long masiueraded under the name of the Democratic party. When tho Democratic war horses of Chicago and Cook County came to gether under the auspices of the Coun ty Democracy, and organized for party and for principle, there was a rending of gnrments among the "Democrats for revenue only." No wonder. For the organization Is composed of the true leaders and organizers of the party mid their assured triumph at the primaries next spring means tho di vorce of many a patient and well-con-tented inuueher of political fodder from the puhllc c-t ID. "The tlrst step In tho campaign to prevent the rcimuilnatlon of Mayor Harrison was taken yesterday (Sun , day), when a committee of ir0 mem bers was appointed to reorganize the Democratic, party In Chicago, The com mittee was named by President Powers of the. Cook County Democracy. Men who have been Idcrttlllcd with the Til den Democracy mid the llurke wing of the party fouud places on the commit tee, but not a friend of the Mayor was named. Pvery ward In the city secured repicsentutlon, ward committeemen being named as members wherever their nomination was deemed advisable, "All the ipembers of tho committee belong to the County Democracy, but some of Its members, such as linger .Sullivan, lme not attended meet ings for years. Others, among whom are Secretary Thomas P. I'lynn of the Tllden Democracy, have Joined the County Democracy within two or, threu weeks. "In some Instnuees factions that have opposed each other In the various wards aro recognized. Where this Is the case, however, conciliation has been effected or will be." This statement of facts concerning the new anil powerful Democratic or ganization of Chicago Is taken from a dally contemporary mid quoted because it Is reliable, ami the political reporter of the dally In question is not liiltu diced by any "consideration" what ever except that of duty honestly per formed. Hut to continue the story of tint Hur ry In the City Hall ant bill: Tim or g'anlzatlon appointed at hist Sunday's Democracy meeting will be a body which will bo known as a political action committee, and, ns explained by Secretary- Itobcrt P. Itiuke, will have charge of all political matters in which tho club Is Interested. "Hut the main -object." he added, candidly, "N to defeat Harrison, in whoio Interest will, wo work'.' No body's, Anybody 19 beat Harrison. Doe lio stand any cliaucuV Well, Judg ing from the looks of that committee, j on wouldn't think no, 'would you? The 11 ibers of the comtUlttn wll divide themselves Into ten squads, and each will loo); after matters in Its own dis trict." It is the plan of the leaders that it shall form organizations In every ward In the city or bring under control manj existing organizations. In organizing the city tho new com mittee prob-ibly will clash with the County Central Committee. Tho otll eers of that Imdy aro expected to con sider that the new committee Is usurp ing tlio functions of tho Comity Com mittee, but tho int-iwwiin aro Instru mental In the new fSWtlnu say they lire prepared to meet nSdiJcctlons. It Is urged that the County CJtoinilt tee has neglected to organize m city Out nml that at the present time the Demo crats hi Chicago are almost unorgan ized. The ward clubs have little or no strength or authority, It Is urged, and In a immher of the wards there are two organizations, both of which claim to he the regular ward clubs. It N this argument that has led to the ludicrous announcement of the "committee of eighteen thousand." That was tho natural grunt following the body blow of .Sunday, but nobody expected It would have, been accom panied by so much of the apparently Inexhaustible supply of "superheated atmosphere. Organization by precincts will be a new departure In this lino of campaign work. Outside the hound vplume of pay-roll In the "four-Inch rcd-bor-dercd book" that everybody Is laugh lug about, the olllcci-H of the nres- out County Committee have no list of precinct workers. The new commit tee, under tho direction of tho real organizers and leaders of the Demo cratic party of Cook County proposes to form product mid ward organiza tions of Its own. Subcommittees will take charge of the work of organiza tion In each of the wards and tho com uiltteo Itself will act as a sort of cen tral body. Tin membership of tin Central Coin nilttee of tho Democratic organization of Chicago, which goes out into the open with tho downfall of Harrison- Ism mid the pay-roll brigade, as Its motto, Is as follows: C. P. Ahern, Hairy Atp, Turner Ash by, .1. II. lirunjes, It. II. Iturke, Itobcrt P. Iturke, Harry llouchler, Hartley Huig, T. K. llarrett, M. 1!. llarnhart, .1. i:. Hayiies, John ISciiuctt. P. Hie- wersdorf, T. ,T. Heiison. W. I. Itrun, II. 11. Itreiner, P. F. llretz, T. Campbell, It. K. Cant well, 11. P. Cannody, Jerry Carntody. P. T. Colby, Peter Crot, Thomas Cusaek, W. P. ('llnli)uy. P. P. Croarkln. C. A. Coles, Kdward Carroll, .1. P. Connor, W. S. Callahan, .1. S. Clark, .1. .1. Cobiirn, P. .1. Cook, It. II. Cowdrcy, .1. c. Dalton, T. .T. Dawson, F. P. Davidson, M. J. Devlne, J. M, Dotillu. M. D. Dougherty, P. P. Phlrcd, I.. M. Piuils, A. .1. Poid. II. .1. Plynn, .1. II. Francis, P. It. Planlgan, II. P. Hughes, Prnest Hummel, .las. Hack ett, II. Hlldreth, Jr., John Haderlelu, W. M. Hanley, Joseph Horrlgan, T. 11. iiigiesny, 11. 11. .lampoiis, J). 11. .lesse, John ,Krevcr, Pdward Kelly, I.uke Kalas, J. A. King. D. L. Morrill, 0. X. Morgan, J. It. Murray, H. P. Mulligan, II. Mitchell, P. II. Morgan, W. J. Moran. J. J. McConuack, M. L. MoKlnley, D. II. McPhoy, D. McLaughlin, It. It. Mi Donald. H. J. Mctiulre. W. .Mcdovcrn, J. A. Maglnley, Dr. J. II. Mcliiegor, J Melnerny, J. J. McLaughlin, J. W McNeil, J. J. Neussc, J. O'llrlen, W, J O'Hrleii. P. S. Olsen, P, J. O'KeelYe, J. It. Pyne, s. M. Palmer. J. i. Pauoeli, Prank Pans, II. Phillips. J. A. Pinner, T. J. Powers, John Powers, M. P. Prlu- dlvllle, J. J. Phelan, William quintan, J. W. ltlcliards, Pied Ithode, (ieorge Hold, M. II. Itogers, It. M. ItubMson, J. II. .Sullivan, It. ('. Sullivan, .M. Kchuli dinger. J. P. Slnnol, David Sul livan, A. L. .Schonbeck, J. P. Tiinscy, .Max Teuber, A, .1. Toohlll. P. K Tceple. f i:. Toolail. P. J. Thor 1111111, J. M. Tliocl. .1. J. Tracy, Pihvanl I'ptoii, Chiules Wlilgcr, J. P. Waters, L. Azukas, i, m, Aekeinian, .1. V. Iliown, J. L. llrouse, II, M. Ilinwii. T. A. Smyth. M. D. Colleen, L. P. Col. leran, S. C. Donley, Col. II. P. Donovan, T. P. I'lynn, Itoheit I'lsher, John tier ten, Joeph lireln, A, II. liascli, M. J, Hllllguii, M. W. (irace, M. S, Hurry, J. W. Cilldca, (i. P. (ioruinn, Pdward linger, T. Iliuiton, J. P. Hauling, Pmll Hechliger, Hugh Kcarns, W. C. Keougli, John Kuiugh, W. 0, Korth, J. K. Lairahee, Dennis McLaughlin, Dr. J. D. Mctircgor, P. T. McCutthj. A. C. Hall, Paul Hazard, P. Haves It. P. Hlckey, Albert Janila, Dr. A. Krygowhkl. T. Drury, T. Pdgar, (i. Pd rnunson, N. ntzgerald, P. Flanagan. James Furlong, It. Clioux, S, D, (irlf tin, T. (Jleahon, M. O. McDonald, P. McLlmighau, Pdward Mnlicr, J. ,S. Mar tn, W. .Mangan, P. H. Morgan, P. II. Munroe, .uhii,Nooiiin. W. T. J. Plum mer, Henry A'Jigc I, .7. C. Wcrdcll, P. J, ICiiliif-y. It. Iv. Sloan, ti. W, Tntge, Jas. 'I odd, J. w. (Tumulty, Tlioma omatlc, V H Peikliikl ) HON. WILLIAM LORIMER, TheAblo Republican Leader, Who Planned the Recent Victory of tho Party The aiitiolnt mi'iit of the new cnininll- top was undertaken by -President Pow ers In compliance with resolutions adopted by the Democracy three weeks ago. There are other able leaders of the Demoeiaev whose names do not iinncm- on the lllmve list, lint wlin urn u-nll represented there, and who will be round tiolng able work us free lances In the tournament against llairlsou mid the Payroll llrlgade. Hon. Miles J. Devlne, who was In stalled with great eclat 011 New Year's. day as the. marshal of tho County Democracy, made an able mid ehnrne terls'tlc speech on that occasion. Mr. Devltiti Is one of the best known Democrats In Chicago, lie has no su perior as a lawyer mid would mako a winning race for J ridge on the Demo ciutie ticket. Thn Installation proceedings of the County Democracy were, by the way, among the most successful events of their kind on record. Over a thousand of the best workers In the party were piesent. Hon. lMuin K. Walker Is one of tbu brightest and most useful members of the County Hoard. He would make a good and a capable Judge. Ho hulls from Hydu Park, the stronghold of He pnbllcanlHiu. Mr. Frederick Duffy, who made such a splendid race for the Legislature last fall, Is mentioned for 1111 olllce lu the city law department should the lie publicans win out next spring. He Is a bright and popular young lawyer. Px-Alderinmi Muelhnefer Is one of the strongest and most popular men the ltepublicans could name for City Clerk. Tim North Hide Is solid for him. Mr. P. C. Haley, the excellent attor ney of the Drainage Hoard, Is one of the leading Democratic lawyers of Chicago. He would maku u strong candidate for Judge. As predicted in this column. Hon. John J. MeMaiiaman has already come to the front as one of the lead lug members of the prtscut Legisla ture. Hon. (irauvlllo W. Drowning would make a sure winner on the Democratic Judicial ticket. Mr. Fletcher Dobyns Is beyond doubt one of the most respected and popu lar young ltepublicans In tho Twenty llrst Ward. As mi aldermanlc audi date next spring he would have an ex cellent ehiiuco of winning out. The people want tho xvvy best nlilerimuile timber, Irrespective of party, this time. v Hon. John P. Sinulskl can have a re election to the City Council from the Seventeenth Ward If ho desires It. It would he a pity to lose tho services of so able and honorable a representative of the people in that body at this par ticular Juncture. Mr. Tliomns M, llovn'o Is one of Chi cago's oldest and most respected set tlers. Ho is besides a leader of tho Chicago bar and a lifelong Democrat. Ho would mako nil Ideal judge, Mr, J, J. Vnnderbllt, tho well-known Hour and feed merchant, is one of tho most popular ltepublicans on tho South Side, and would mako a splendid race for Alderman next spring, -f Hon. John P. Waters would innUe a popular candidate on tho Democratic Judicial ticket. ltc-clcct Alderman Chailcs Wcrno of the Twenty-third Ward. He has made a splendid record as Alderman, and the people never had greater need for hon est men In the City Council than at present. Mr. Klckham Kcaulau is among the very ablest members of the Chicago bar. He Is a Republican In polities and would .make a splendid. race on the Ju dicial ticket of that party next year. It is almost a certainty that Hon. Slgiiiuntl Kclslcr will be among the Democratic nominees In the coming Ju dicial election. Alderman Henry Muekurt. It is said, can have the Democratic nomination for City Clerk If ho goes out after It. If Mr. Charles C. Hreyer. the well known West .Side plumber, has any nldcrinanli! aspirations he eau have them giatllled by becoming a candi date. Hon. John A. King, thu prnmliiiut banker, Is among the men most fa vored for the Democratic nomination for Mayor. Do would mako a tre mendously strong candidate. Among other leading Democrats prominently mentioned In this connec tion are Hon. John Hurt on Payne, Hon. Charles F. (iunthcr, Judge Haruuni, Judge Prentiss, and Hon, James II. Pukcls. Hon. Prnest Hummel Is far and away the strongest candidate thus far men tioned for thu Democratic nomination for City Treasurer. Ills nomination would bo practically equivalent to ati election. Mr. Plmcr P. Beach, the brilliant North Side lawyer, Is another leading member of the bar who has been named lu connection with a Judicial nomina tion. Mr. Hcach Is a life-long Ilcpuhll can, an excellent citizen, ami would make a strong candidate on the Repub lican Judicial tliket. Attorney D. J. McMahon of the Mould of Pibicatlou would make as strong a Judicial candidate as the Dem ocrats could nominate. Major Frank II. Tohey Is mentioned for constable, and will bo a very pop ular candidate If noinlniited. We do not know whether the gentleman would ac cept the position or not, but his friends are anxious to eo him elected. In its dlltloii of Wednesday last thu Chicago Chronicle, which evidently has a clear conception of the present situation lu the Democratic ranks of Cook County, has tho following, head ed "The City Hall Payroll liang:" "It Is announced on behalf of Mayor llairlsou that he has 11 machine organ ization with a membership of J 8,000 whoso names aio enrolled lu precinct clubs, Tho truth of tho announcement cannot bo doubted. "It would bo found, however, Hint the typewritten list of tho members of tho Harrison precinct organizations would bo Identical In nil respects with a typewritten list of City Hnil em ployes with their relatives and depend ents. The claim of 18,000 workers for Harrison mid his political schemes, doubtless Includes every Democratic ' My ft' Organization In tho Legislature. or Republican friend of Harrison lu the city, most or.thein on the payroll. "The Democratic vote of Chicago, ac cording to the leturns between Alschu ler and Yates lu Itmo, was JSS.f.00. It appeals that Harrison and the City Hall gang claim one-tenth of the Demo cratic voters lu Chicago as their sup porters. "Their estimate Is probably Indisput able. They are entitled through the use of patronage mid spoils to that small propottlou of the unquestioned Demo cratic vote lu Chicago. "Hut one-tenth of the Democratic voters should not be able to carry the wards by which delegates to the Demo cratic City Convention will he elected. "The political gang caucuses at the City Hall should take this fact Into con sideration." These are wholesome truthx that the tin Napoleons commanding armies of wooden soldleis had best study care fully before they talk about "captur ing and wrecking big guns," "outmuti cuvering" people with "armies of eighteen thousand," and performing other wonderful military achievements. Hy the way, it Is really wonderful what a martial splrltbelng displayed among the lieutenants" of the "Man of Destiny." Why Utese Individuals talk about charging parks of artillery mid handling "armies of 18,0M" (be the same more or less) with the ready rash valor of a Charles O'Malley, or the pro found wisdom of a Von Moltke. And, after all, the only army avail able lu tlie iK'rmlses Is a very squalid mid very mercenary paytoll brigade. The hot-air press agents of the Harri son clique should avoid getting mixed lu their metaphor. They talk about "armies," while their entire available force Is a "brigade." And such a bri gade! The members of Hook and Ladder Company, No. 12, C. F. l gave their many friends a grand musical treat on Christinas eve. The entertainment was a line success, through the hard work of Pdward Pldgeon, their leader. Selec tions rendered by Pidgeou mid Con nors on the violin were worthy of note, and could not he cmcIIihI by many of thn professionals. Kelly and Novotuy gave a duet. C. W. Mnhoney Was next lu order with solos 011 tho tlute. The memheiH of this company can proudly hnust of having the only orchestra com posed entirely of members of the tie paitmeiit mid all of the same company. The roster of the company orchestra Is as follows: P. J. Pldgeon, violinist ami leader, and a "bird" at that; M. Con nors, second violin; Thomas Kelly, cornet; I). A. Walsh, clarionet; C. W. Mahouey, tlute mid bagpipes (Irish plpesi; Win. Hooney, piccolo; F, Novot uy, ti embolic; and J. O'Sulllvnn, .ylo plioiie. Attorney P. A. Hlnes Is the choice of the best element of tho Democratic oters of the Fifth Ward for Alder man. Now that the police mid llremen can puichaso their own uniforms, what Is tho matter with giving Hohcnadcl Ill-others, SlUilU Madison street, n call? This thin makes 11 specialty of tho nianufacture of uniform caps for policemen, llremen, street car employes, letter carriers, etc. It Is 0110 of tho most reliable of Its kind. Mr. CharlPH II. Fltzner, tho leading West Hldo druggist, will probably ho nominated for Alderman next spring by tho ltepublicans of thu Twelfth Ward. Citizens from Many Parts of Town Write of Men and Events of the Day. Pointed Questions Asked Regarding the Trans actions of Public Bodies and of Political Leaders. Qossip of the Oity and of the Country Forms the Subject of Com- munications. .Tan. (I, Unci. Pdttor'Chlcago Pagle: Dear Sir According to the report of the Council proceedings contained lu this morning's edition of the papers, the water meter game Is again being played by our city fathers, and Is now lu the hands of the Council Finance ('ommlttce, to which, we are told, a cer tain lcport concerning the matter fur nished by one of our city olllclals has been referred. I am entirely In sympathy with you in the stand which you have taken In tcgard to this proponed outrage on the taxpayers, and I tiust you will keep the good woik up. The oilier day one of the representa tives of a water meter concern had a great deal to say lu regard to the advis ability of lustnlliiig the meters, the hen ellt they would be to the cause of clean liness, mid tho welfare of humanity lu general lu Chicago. Hut so far as I could sec he did not advance a single argu ment tending to show how the Installa tion of a water meter service would tend toward cleanliness, or why It Is that with a ?:ir.,000,HH) water system Installed, mid with an Inexhaustible supply, water has to be measured olf to mid paid for by the gallon by the taxpayers, whose money has construct ed said system, ami which Is not only self-supporting but actually ii source of large revenue to the city. Naturally the ticstlou arises, what is the object? Is there a meter ring lu the City Hall? Will this scheme ben ellt only a possible City Hall water meter ring and a few meter mmiufar Hirers? If so, Is It not the duty of all property owners, mid particularly the small property and house owners of the outlying districts, to protest ngalust this outrage with might ami nialn? Yours for fair play, IIOU8P OWNPU. To the Pdltor Tho Pagle: Kir Now that Mayor ,. Harrison's main rails municipal ownership of public utilities mid tho referendum have been positively mid emphatically turned down, not only In tho Htato Leg islature but by all thinking, practical people everywhere, Is It not tltuu that the people demanded an Immediate settlement of such tpiestlons as the traction problem mid other matters now calling aloud for settlement? Tho public, so far as I have been able to Judge, Is much plouscd to learn that there Is a disposition on the part of a majority of tho members of tho City Council to tackle this question a ml hot tie It once for 'all. Hut this disposi tion has not got further than thu re gion of talk and discussion so far. Is It not about time something practical was done? Wo nro behind tho times so far as Intramural transit Is concern ed, mid there are many other matters, such as street paving, mid ho forth, waiting on the settlement of this all important matter. We hear 11 great deal about round robins ami other forms of petitions lu the Interests of aspiring politicians of late. Why wouldn't It be a good thing for the voters In tint various winds to get up louud robin petitions to their various Aldermen to work for a speedy settlement of tho traction iiuestlon along practical and common seuso lines? OVPItTAXPD CTTI.DX. Firm Nanio Changed. The lit 111 name of itlchaid S. Thomp son iV Hid. has been changed to Thomp son ltrothers. Fiider the old style, Mom's. Itlcliaril H. and Charles W. Thompson merely represented Messrs. ilicn. A. Dlckel A: Co,, of Nashville, Teim., lu the -ale of the popular brand of Tennessee sour mash whisky, known ufi "Old Cascade." Under the new linn name, Thompson Ilrothers, by a ten year contract, recently signed, are made sole distributers of "Old Cascade," hi the cities of Chicago, Ilufralo and New York. Their ofllee for the present Is room 410, J'.i Illvcr street. After Feb. 15 they will be found b,V their friends lu their elegant suite, Nob. JIICMIMH Trib une Hulldliig. Chas. W. Thompson will devote his entire time to the executive ottlces In Chicago. After March 1 Itlchard S. Thompson will bo located fit New York City, and will be kept busy looking nfter thu sales of "Old Cas cade," besides luiinaghig Thompson Ilrothers' stable, to bo raced tho season of IPO.'!. Kidney IAieas, Chicago's old favorite, will bo iMe star of the stable, and us the old horse has had a long rest, and his legs me sound again, it Is safe to say that the well-known col orsred, white and blue will be seen many times (list under the wire. As a racing II1-111 Thompson Ilrothers always gave the Chicago racing public a run for their money; nml In serving "Old Cascade" they claim there Is none butter made, and If the many admirers of Kid ney Lucas will call for this popular brand of Tennessee whisky they Mill do Thompson Hiiitliers a good turn, mid will be more than pleased with their purchase. Morris St. I'. Thomas Is a splendid lawyer, and a consistent Democrat. He Is strongly urged for one of that party's Judicial nominations. Hon. It. A. Pekhart Is one of Chi cago's ablest ami most public spirited citizens. He was honored the other evening by being unanimously elected president of the Manufacturers' Asso ciation. ' Mr. (Ieorge It. Walker, the nhl. mui genlnl Month Klde attorney, Is being strongly urged by the Hepubllcmm of the Third Ward to accept the nomina tion for Alderman. Ho would be u sure winner. Mr. Cyril It. .landus of the well known law linn of Kaliout & .landus, Is strongly backed for a Judicial iioml- He would prove 11 Just and upright Judge. M. A. Del.any Is one of the very strongest Democrats thus far mention ed In connection with tho fortheomlijg Judicial campaign. Hon. John A. Itlelmrdson is one of Chicago's Ideal Justices of the peace. He Is a lawyer, a Just magistrate and a courteous gentleman. . Daniel h. Crulce, president of tho Uefcreiidiim League, Is credited with tho statement that It Is now a certainty that Clarence K. Darrow will be a eau dldate for Mayor lu the spring. Louis F. Altpeter Is another popular Democrat' strongly urged for tho city clerkship nomination. Only seventy-nine days more of Harrison. Tho child born lu tho United States a hundred years henco will live longer than tho child born lu 1000. That Is to say, Ills chances of greater longev ity will bo assured under normal con ditions of birth mid living. This docs not Interest tho youngsters born In 11)00 or those born In 1800, but it Is the most Important fact disclosed by tho vital statistics of tho twelfth cen sus, it shows that tho average length of life lu tho United Btutes Is slowly but steadily Increasing, Ten years ngo the average, length of life was thirty one years, while tho last census shows It to bo thirty-two. This means If tho sumo into of Increase Is maintain oil that tho average length of life lu tho year 2000 will bo forty-two years, and, Incidentally of course, tho num ber of centenarians, as well as those who pass tho scriptural milestone of threescore mid ten, will bo greatly In creased. Whllo this advance of 0110 year In length of life In a deendo may strlku tho ordinary individual as very slow progress, tf ho will only keep In mind tho littleness of a century when it comes to measuring the ago of tho human nice ho will tlud himself grow ing very skeptical as to whether such a rapid Increase can bo maintained, Much less slgullicnuco attaches to tho tlguros giving thu number of centen arians lu this country lu 1000, for an occasional centenarian may bo found lu localities that appear to present few conditions favorable to longevity. The Important conclusion to bo drawn from thu vital statistics Is that tho conditions of life, Including a wider observance of hygienic and saultnry laws, aro growing moro favorable to longevity of tho American people Venezuela has had 101 wars In seven- ty years. Tho number would undoubt edly have been larger If It had not been for rain and darkness and other cli cumstanccs that were beyond uuma control. Ho '.f"' v,,i-,. QfltS.nr.rftf'fl ' '' VM.M) '