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THE OraiO.A.a-0 HSjAuGHjEJ.
3L NEARS A SETTLEMENT. Traction Problem Approaches Satisfactory Solution, Despite an Unlooked For but Temporary Obstacle. Council Transportation Committee Refuses to Be Humbugged by Political Tricks and Campaign Thunder. VOICE OF THE PEOPLE. Correspondence from Many Readers of tbe Chicago Eagle on Subjects of Public Interest. -fa. i t it i. J. .; Political, Municipal, Economic, Social and Other Questions Treated from Various Points of View. i City Railway, Through Its Fair Dealing, Does Much to Bring the Hatter to Conclusion. Full List of the Many Valuable Traction Fran chises Involved in This Notable Discussion. The People at Large Anxious to Have Matter Settled and Public Service Improved. The traction question, notwithstand ing the many obstacle placed In tho way of Its solution, mid tho ti'iiiporury postponement caucd by the discussion over tho ninety-nlne-ycar act, N grad nally approaching a iluat and satisfac tory termination. Mayor Harrison has during the wed; Just pat given out a statciucnt, In the course of which ho Juggles with the ninety-nlne-ycar franchise iptetloii, present or future municipal ownership, leferenduni, and other subjects upon which he has managed t ring the changes during the past few years Tor his own political benellt. Nobody pays very much attention Just now to Harrison's fulmlnntlons on the traction question. They are all po litical gallery play. The members of the Council Tinus pollution Committee are among tho nldest and most conscientious men In the City Council, and they have long ago put the silly mowllngs of Harrison behind their backs. The City Council is no longer u willing cat's paw to pull Harrison's political chestnuts out of the lire. Its Transportation Committee will handle the question without regard or consideration for the political Interests or predilections of Harrison or any other nolltlelun. with a view only to the Interests, the comfort mul the gen-1 erai wen neing 01 me ilium.-. In Justlco to the City Hallway Com pany, It must be said that that corpora tion has shown every disposition to ho lair with the city nnd with the people. It has met tho representatives of the people In n spirit of honesty, concilia tion and concession. Its legal representative, Colonel K. It. Illlss, 1ms handled tho matter before the Council committee and before the public at large with consummate abil ity, and there Is no doubt whatever that the speedy and satisfactory settle ment of the question, which now seems Imminent, will bo In no small part duo to the fair and reasonable attitude of tho railway company ond Its legal rep resentative. Franchises of flfty-Urco lines now owned and operated by the Union Traction Company expire In 1003. The list Includes all tbe important principal and. crosstown lines on tho North and West sides. Secretary George 0. Slkcs of the street railway commission compiled a table showing the franr cblses affected and It Is set forth in the statement that twenty-seven of the franchises were granted to tho North Oblcago Street Railway Company and twenty-six to the West Chicago Street Railway Company. Many of tho fran chises, as indicated by asterisks, are subject to tbe act of 1805. Following Is a list of tbe expiring franchises: State street, from Lake to Clark streets, by Division street. Clark street, from Washington street to Fullerton avenue. Clark street, from Fullerton avenue to Dlversey boulevard. Wells street and Fifth avenue, from Randolph to Clark streets. Center street Clark street to Lin coln avenue. Lincoln avenue Center street to Bel mont avenue. Asbland avenue Belmont to Grace land avenue. Belmont avenue Lincoln avenuo to Itobey street. Itobey street Belmont avenuo to Roscoo boulevard. Hoscoe boulevard Robey street to Western avenue. Division street Wells street to Cly fcourn avenue. Glybourn avenue line Division street to Fullerton avenue. - Sedgwick street Chicago nveuuo to Division street. Sedgwick street Division streot to Lincoln avenue. Garfield avenue Lincoln avenue to Racine avenue. Racine avenue Webster avenue to Center street. Center street Raclno avenue to Lin coln avenue. Larrabee street Chicago to Lincoln avenues. Webster avenue Raclno to Lincoln avenues. Sht-Uleld avenue Lincoln avenue to Clark street. Chicago avenue Clark street to 7arrahee street. Division street State to Clark streets. Division street Clark street to Gly bourn avenue. the Gracelaud avenue Evonston avenue to Ashland avenue. Eyanston avenue Dlversey street to Grnccland avenue. Wrlffhtwood avenue Snort stretch from Lincoln avenue. Alley Between Llll nnd Wrlghtwood avenues, and between Sheffield and Seminary avenues. LINES ON THE WEST SIDE. Mndlson street State street to Western avenue. Madison street Between Western mid Hamlin nnd Hamlin and Crawford avenues. Madison street loop Fifth avenue side. Mllwnukce avenue lino Botwecn Lnko nnd Halstcd streets, Hoisted street and North nvenue, North avenuo nnd Armltngo nvenue. Halstcd street line Hoisted street loop, Van Burcn side; in Clinton street from tunnel to Von Burcn street: In Van Burcn street between Clinton Jnd Halstcd streets. Halstcd street Vnn Burcn street to Bluo Island nvenue, and from Blue Isl and nvenue to O'Neill street, nnd the switch tracks on O'Neill street. Bluo Island avenue nolstcd street to lCth place, and ICtb place to West ern nvenue. EAST AND WEST LINES. Armltngo avenuo Milwaukee nve nue to Washtenaw avenue, expired 180S. North avenue Mllwaukco avenuo to California nvenue. Chicago nvenue Milwaukee nvenue to Leavltt street, nnd Lenvltt street to California avenue; Kedzlo avenuo to 40th avenue. Grand nvenue Mllwaukco to West ern nvenues. Lnko street Wabash avenuo to Union Tnrk court, theuco to Western nvenue, thenco to Rockwell street, thence to Ilouinn avenue. Lnko street loop Randolph street side nnd Stnto street side. Randolph street State street to Union Park. Bryan place Randolph street to Lnko street. Ogdon avenue Madison street to 40th avenue. Van Buren street Stato street to Ogdcn nvenue, Ogden avenuo 'to West crn nvenue. Polk street Fifth nvenue to Canal street. Twelfth street Stato street to Canal street, Canal street to Ogdcn avenue, Ogdcn avenue to Western avenuo. Fifteenth place "Dead tracks be tween Jeffersoa and Oaanl streets, (Note if tberf fc &ny "M authority for tho prcsenco of theso tracks In street tho right would ?h terminable by tho city in 1003.V NORTH AND SOUTH LINES. Fifth avenue Randolph to Polk streets, Polk street to 13th street via duct, Randolph street to Lnko street Clinton street ltnndolph street to Madison street; Madlson street to 12th street; Milwaukee avenuo to Randolph street. Canal street Harrison street to Co nnlport nvenue. Canalport avenue Canal street to nalsted street. Jefferson street Van Huren street to mill place. Hnlstcd street 'Milwaukee nvenue to Bluo Island avenue, Harrison street to O'Neill street. Leavltt street Chicago nvenue to Grand nvenue. Western nvenue Lnko street to Madison street, Mndlson streut to Van Buren street. California nvenue Armltngo nvenue to North avenue, Division street to Chi cago avenue. Tho following snows tho dates of ex plratlons of the franchise grants of the lines of tho Chlcngo City Railway Company: WABASH AVIJ.NUi: AND COTTAGL GROVE AVENUE LiNE. Wabash Avenue Lake street to L'l'i) street, terminable 100.1. Twenty second Street Wabash ave nue to Cottngo Grove avenue, terrain able 1003. (Subject to act of 1803.) Cottage Grove Avenue SSd street to 30th street, terminable 1003. (From 22d street to 31st street subject to net of ISC,.) Downtown loop of Wabash nvenin line, expires 1003. INDIANA AVENUE LINE. Eighteenth Street Wabash avenue to Indiana avenue, expires 1003. (Subject to act of 18C5.) Indiana Avenue 18th street to Cot MR. WILLIAM A. M'GUIRE. President of the McGuiro Manufacturing Company and Ono of tho Most Progressive Business Men in the Country. tngo Grove nvenue, expires 1003. (Sub Ject to net of 1803.) Twenty-second street to 30th street, terminable 1003. (One track subject to net of 1805.) STATE STREET LINE. Stnto Street Lnko street to 03d, ter minable 1003. (Part from Lnkc street to 31st street subject to act of ISO,".) Downtown loop expires 1003. CLARK STREET LINE. Clark Street Washington to Polk, expires 1003. (Subject to act of 1805.) Polk to 22d street, terminable 1003. Archer Avenue State to Halstcd streets, terminable 1003. (Subject to act of 1805.) nalsted to 3Sth street, expires 1003. Thirty-ninth street to Vlnccnucs avc nue, terminable 1003. CANAL STREET LINES. Canal Street Archer avenue to 20th street, expire 1003. Twenty-ninth Street Cnnnl to Butler street, expires 1003. Wallace Street-20th to 30th street, expires 1003. HALSTED STREET. O'Neill to 30th street, expires 1003. Thirty-ninth to 00th street, termin able 1003. ASHLAND AVENUE. Thlrty-ilrst to 30th streut, expiree 1008. Thirty-ninth to 00th street, termina ble 1003. WESTERN AVENUE. Archer uvenuo to 71st street, expire 1010. KEDZIE AVENUE. Thirty-eighth to 03d street, expires 1010, CROSS-TOWN LINES. Twenty-tlrst Streot-Stnto street to Dearborn, expires 1003. Dearborn Street 20th to 21st street, connecting with Archer nvenue, expires 1003. Twenty-sixth Strect-Cottngo Grove avenuo to Halstcd street, expires 1007. Thlrty-Urst Street Lake Park avenuo to Pitney avenue, expires 1003. Pitney Avenue 31st street to Archer avenue, expires 1003. Archer avenuo to Chlcngo & Alton railroad, expires 1007. Ullman Street 31st street to 3t)th street, expires 1007. Thlrty-tlftn Street Cottngo Grove av enuo to Rhodes nvenue, expires 1005. Rhodes Avenue 35th to 30th street, expires 1005. Thlrty-flfth Street Michigan avenuo to Stnto street, expires 1012. State street to Ullman street, expires 1007. Ullman street to California nvenue, expires 1012. Thirty-ninth Street Cottage Grovi to Wentworth fir....... ..rmlnuble lOtra. Wentworth uvenuo to Hnlstcd street, termlnublo 1007. Root Street Stnto to Mockyards, termlnublo 1003. Forty-third Street-Illinois Central tracks to Stato street expires 1IWV Forty-seventh Street Illinois Central to Cottngo Grovo nvenue, expires 1015. Cottngo Grovo avenuo to Stnto Htreet, oxplres 1012. Stato street to Ashland avenue, ter minable 1003. Ashland to Western nvenue, expires 1012. Western to Archer avenue, expires 1015. Fifty-first Street Grand boulevard to Indiana nvenue, expires 1007. Indiana nvcuuu to Statu street, ex pires 1000. Stnto to Wood street, expires 1010. Fifty-ninth Streot-Stnto treet to Western avenue, expires 1015. Slxty-llrst Street Madison avenuo to Cottngo Srovo avenue, oxplres 1012. Cottngo Grovo avenuo to point 1,000 feet east of South Park avenue, expires 1007. From said point to Stato street, ex pires 1005. Sixty-third Street Stony Island nve uuo to Illinois Central, expires 10)2. Illinois Central to Cottage Grovo ave nue, expires 1007. Cottnge Grove nvenue to Wentworth nvenue, expires 1011. Wentworth to Ashland avenue, ter minable 1003. Ashland to Central Park avenue, ex pires 1013. Sixty-ninth Street Vincentics nvenue to Leavltt street, terminable 1C3. Leavltt street to Western avenue, em pires 1010. Seventy-ninth Street Vlncennes ave nue to Hnlstcd street, terminable 1003. South Chicago Aicnue 71st street tft 1000. , Jefferson mid Lnkc nvenues loop, ex pires 100". Thirty-ninth street to 51st street; grant expires In 1007. Overhead trolley permit expires 1001. From i!3d stiect to Vlnccnucs avenue expires 1007. Overhead trolley permit for this part expires 1001. Thirty-eighth street to 01st street, ex pires 1015, Wentworth Avenuo Archer nvenue to 30th street, expires 1010. 70th street, expires 1000. Overhead-trolley ucimn expl" mM Thirty-ninth to 07th streets, expires 1000. Sixty-seventh street to South Chicago avenue, expires 100!). Flfty-tlfth Street From Cottage Grovo nveuuo to Lake avenue, oxplres Butler to Wallace street, expires 1010. Thirty-ninth to Root street, expires 1014. Sixty-ninth to 70th street, expires 1014. CENTER AVENUE. Forty-soventh to 75th street, expires 1014. The Eagle has maintained the posl tiou that Judicial primaries could be properly held only In .lune, when tho election must, under the law,- be held. It was the ilrst to draw at tention to tho matter, us it was tin tlrst to claim that to hold tho primaries with those of the municipal election would be an open violation of the law and absolutely unconstitutional. Since The Eaglo took this stand It has been reinforced In Its opinion by that of many leading citizens, nnd on Wednesday last the question was dis cussed among the members of the bench themselves, when the unanimous verdict of the Jurists was that the question Involved was a very seilous one Indeed. .Itidge Haneey, In discuss lug lite mutter, voiced the opinions of his colleagues of tho Circuit bench. Ho said: "In 1S70 the law was passed, which piovlded th.it Circuit Conn Judgis should lie elected1 oil the lllht .Monday of .luiie, 1S73, and cciy six yea is thereafter on the same Mon day of the -..inn- mouth. The Intent of litis net was to keep the Judiciary elec tion free from tho reeling and methods in' ordinary political contests. "Now, that law means Unit nut only the elecilnu itself, but all that woes be fore the cliviloii, the primary conven tion as well, shun be kept free fnnn the same lmhieuce. At that time tho primaries were not under the present law. Therefore no provision was made Willi regard to a Judicial primary. Hut If It can lie shown Hint the primary law Is In iMiilllet with the constitution In that respect or is susceptible of u construction which will bring about practices In eonlllct with the constitu tion that law in part, or perhaps In Its entirety, can lie found unconstitutional, The clause which, It Is claimed, shows that tho Legislature. Intended the pri mary to cover the Judicial ejection says 'spring and summer elections,' it may ho that this section brings the law Into cniilllct with the constitution. Surely the constitution would not mako the election separate and intend that the machinery of the parties should take up In primary mid convention the nomination- mid mix them with Hie most vliiilcutly partisan political contest wo litive-tli.it for the mayoralty. Albert Graff, head of the great ce ment paving concern 177 l.a Hallo street, would make a splendid race If nominated to olllce next spring. Mr. Graff, whose treatment of his work men lias always been so handsome, generous and considerate, would com mand a great union labor vote for any olllce he might aspire to." Ills immo would mid strength to any ticket on which it might appear. I Ion. .loliu Barton Payne Is one of tho gieat lawycis of whom Chicago Is Just ly pioinl. He would make a uiagnlll cent Mayor. The celebration of centenaries. which began vigorously In this country In KS75, with the centenary of the battle of Lexington, mid litis been proceed ing at a lively rate ever since, Is be lieved by some gooil people to bo growing tiresome, mid they call for a halt. If tho practice Is stopped, It will be because formal celebrations have become monotonous, not because the list of Important centenaries has reached mi end. The year 1803 was prollllc of events deserving of recol lection If not of celebration. So far as the United States Is concerned the greatest event of 1803 was the Louisi ana purchase. That transaction dou bled the original area of the nation mid coiillrmed Its destiny of grandeur to which Hie revolution ouly opened the way. The territory thus peace fully acquired by President Jefferson from France for tho nominal sum of !?15,0i,(Ki(i. or less than $12 u square mile, extended from the Gulf of Mex ico to Canada and from the Mississip pi to the Rocky Mountains. Jefferson made the purchase without authority, and there were critics who denounced his act as fatal to tho constitution. The Louisiana Purchase Centenary will be duly celebrated at St. Louis by a world's fair projected upon such n scale Unit It caniiot he got ready till tool. Ohio was admitted to statehood mi the tilth of February, 1803. It was hi tlie same year that the Miami Ex porting Company opened the Ilrst bank In Cincinnati. The twelfth amcuiliuent to tlie constitution of tho I'liltcd States was submitted to the States for ratlllcatlon or rejection on the 12th of December, ISO.'!. It reiue died a defect In the electoral system relating to the choice of Presidents, which had been laid bare by tho nar row escape from trouble when Burr Instead of .len'ersou might have been made chief executive of tho nation hi 1WM. There ate some people who sup pose strikes to be of very recent origin. They are wrong. New Voik City hud Us Ilrst experience of u labor strike In IN i.'l. A number of sallois te. inauilcd an advance from $10 a mouth to J?l I, mid marched about tho city compelling other sailors to Join them. New Yolk wns a small place then. Its population In 18U0 laid been tlO.noo, Tlie strike ami tlie violence accom panying It created consternation till Its leaders were arrested by consta bles and lodged hi Jail. Somo peoplo wear themselves out building up their muscles; find then, thank lienven, they are too tired to show us how strong they are! Abram S, Hewitt left nn estnto amounting to more than $7,000,000, thus proving that wealth Is not in compatible with work. Citizens from Many Parts of Town Write of Men and Events of the Day. Pointed Questions Asked Regarding the Trans actions of Public Bodies and of Political Leaders. -Gossip of the Oity. and of the Country Forms the Subject of Communications. Chicago, l-'eli. 18. F.dltor Chicago Kaglc: Hear Slr-1 notice that nearly ."fL'.OHO. Odd more than was asked by the Ttoard of Kditcntloii last year for school taxes is provided for In the tax levy of lDO.'t, and which has been approved by (In board. While there Is no burden that the taxpayers of Chicago so cheerfully as sume as the school tax. It Is at the same time not unreasonable that our citizens should demand that the ex penditure of the enormous funds placed at the disposal of those Intrust ed wllh the management of our school system should be carried out hi the way best calculated to attain the main end and object for which our school system litis been established mid Is maintained, namely the proper educa tion of the rising generation. II may be a surprise to many of your readers and, indeed, to the general pub lic, to know Unit the grand total of this year's estimate Is lL"0.".1.S7.r.O. Now, while I freely admit that our school system Is. on the whole, an ex cellent one, yet It suffers from many shortcomings mid defects which should not exist where such mi enormous sum Is al the disposal of the trustees. We have not enough kindergartens', for In stance, nor enough night schools; In deed, In many districts we have not enough school room or accommodation for the pupils who attend schools reg ularly every day. Knoms have, to be rented In adjacent buildings, and other makeshifts- provided, while In some ills' ildren have to go without mi i iwmi-us for education tit all mill -hlft or otherwise. They nreslm ply i lowded out for want of room. Last summer we saw the :t.0,000 school children of Chicago threatened with nn epidemic because the Hoard of Ktliicutlou was too poor to provide ni ters for the purltlcattoii of the polluted water supply. On this account thou sands of children had to sutTer torture or stay away from school. Surely with eleven mid a half mil lion dollars at its disposal our school system should not any longer suffer from these or any other kind of de fects. Naturally the question arises, how, even with the funds formi rly at Its dis posal, have such Hflngs been possible. The sum of !?l),000,000, which was ex pended last year, should have been sutllcleiit to make such conditions Im possible. Is our school system loaded down ut the top with too ninny high salaries, and cumbered with too much real estate enterprise? More school room mid less real estate options twotil(l, I think, he a desirable change. These remarks tire offered In n spirit of suggestion rather than of criticism. PAItKNT. To tlie Kdllor of The Kaglc: Dear Sir From tho report of the pro cecdlugs of the Hoard of Kducatlon, published In this morning's papers, It appears that Trustee Keating' de nounced a history now being supplied to the children in the public schools as an outrageous attack upon a certain re ligion, and an insult to those children of that creed who are compelled to read them. This Incident recalls forcibly to my mind n letter which recently appeared In your correspondence columns con cerning the proposition to place entire; ly hi absolute control of one otllclal of the board the selection of all the books (hat shall be read III our public schools. When the Incident lo which I refer nrose, Superintendent Cnnloy agreed with .Mr. Keating that "the hook Is not a good book, but having a year more In run under Hie State law It was the ouly hook that could he purchased. After the year expired, Mr. Cooley wild It should be stricken from the list." So far so good. Hut suppose we had some 'law enacted which look all power of Interfering In tho selection of hooks out of tho hands of the trustees, mid suppose wo should happen to have u superintendent who would not bo so fair, honorable Ami liberal minded as Mr. Cooley, what theu', 1 think I need add no more. Yours very truly. A HIGH SCHOOL STUDKNT. No better man ever served tho Inter ests of the peoplo In public olllce than Hon. William O. Kuester, tho present I ublo mid faithful representative In tho Council of the people of the Twenty sixth Ward. Mr. Kuester Is head of the great Illinois Hrlck Company, mid has earned for himself as high a posi tion In the business world as he occu pies In civic life, which Is saying a great deal Indeed. He can he returned lo tlie Council from the Twenty-sixth Ward, where he Is so well known and honored, as long as he pleases to oc cupy that olllce. Charles C. Hreyer, the wealthy West Side plumber, Is being uracil to make the race for Alderman, Men of tlie business standing of Mr. Hreyer are wauled In the Council Just now. Hon. Siginuiid Zclslcr, as candidate for Circuit or Superior Court .ludge. would add great strength to the Demo crat le ticket. Mr. I .ottls .1. Hcluin, one of tlie best known lawyers of the South Side. Is prominently mentioned fur the llipiih llcan nomination fur City Attorney. Thomas Taylor. .Ir.. Is mi able law yer and would make a good Judu'c. One agency of trmispoitation which docs not appear In the columns of sta tistics at Its full value Is the snow. For n considerable portion of each year, In the central and northern parts of this country, ami particularly In the Mis sissippi valley mid the regions east, the earth's covering of snow solves "the good roads problem." Sleighs them selves make a Hotniin highway wher ever they travel. Tho friction of their runners on tho glassy surface Is so slight that the heaviest loads, once started, can be easily drawn. The dif ference In the matters of upccd mid the exertion required between skating mid walking Is a familiar fact. This use of the snow, wherever It regularly covers the ground, Is of large value. Lumbermen wait for snow before ;et tlug out their logs, because sleds can be used to advantage at places In the forests where no wagon could go. Farmers save their heavy winter haul ing for the sleighing. In some places a chain of lakes, when the frost seals their surfaces, will afford an avenue of transportation of surpassing attrac tiveness. Over still water the northern winter Is a universal bridge builder, cutting off miles In many u Journey. It Is notable that although the horse mid the ox ure adjusted to wheel or run ner, according to circumstances, cor-, tain modern methods of hind transpor tation require the wheel. The locomo tive, tho automobile, the electric cur and tho bicycle do not know wli.it "hard sledding" Is, Their hardest wheeling comes when nature is laying down tho material for some good sled ding. In the old "horse car" days It was not unknown for tho Hues In the smaller Inland cities to attach their power to great double-runner sleighs, for the conveyance of passengers, dur ing the season, rather than attempt to keep their tracks open. Klectrlclty has put an end to this practice. And yet what monarch of tlie modern world would not exchange the most sumptu ous of palace cars for the much pic tured sIciIko of I'cter the Great, were ho to consider only enjoyment In an exhilarating winter rhloY Hepresentatlvo Lacoy of Iow.i op poses tho plan of naming new States after famous Americans; lie recalls that It was once proposed to iiauiu Col orado, and subsequently one of the. Lm kotas, for Abraham Lincoln, Just as ".lelrerson" has now been suggested for Oklahoma. Congress refrained, he believes wisely, from making the change. A statement that "Lincoln Is leading hi gold" or "In Iho front rank as a wheat producer" would not sound In harmony, he thinks, with the asso ciations that cluster about tlie iiamo of that great American, Knch State should have an appellation that Is distinctive. The Indian words have served the pur pose admirably. When Itov. Mrs. Annie. Ford East man says thcro are too many mounte banks In tho pulpit and that superan nuated pastors ought to he taken out nnd shot, sho unconsciously mibslaii t lutes iter own statement by giving us mi opportunity to suspect that we could point to ut least one mounte-liupk. ZZXi