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jgyt-lW"'. THE OHXOAGO'EAaLB. Mh-M- wmjAi WASHINGTON AT fc NS1 'ii-V Jw&. J) (tJJr SW IJIfcr l.if WV Jl ll-SL, TIiiiusiihI" of lil men were wlilioiit xhoe or ioeUln". mul tu snow wax marked by ninny a Moody footprint. The eniiip wax laid out In row of log eatiltix. the quarterx of the ollleerx holm; oppoxlte their loxpeellve retilmentx mihI iiniipiinlex. The poxltlou wax a naltirally ntvuiia one. belns: proteeled by the river and bllN. while eiitrenehnientx and ledoiiblx were added. Illlle men were xtatloiied in advance of the Hue, mid full pitautlon were taken HK:tliit MirprNe. The hutx were xinall and contained but one room each. IJneh cniiln wax oeeupled by twelve men. i-'ew liad aiiytliliijr In the way of bedding, miitiy could not even obtain straw. They liuddlcd together on the bare lloor. catelilii: what they could of Hie heat given out liy Hie lire, and coiiutliii; on tlie mutual warmth of their bodies. When the wind moaned throiiBh the crevleex. and the tine snow sifted In Hiioucli the logs, they nestled cio-e to each other with clialtorlns teeth and shivering bodies, won dering whether on the morrow any food would be left for thorn. During those woeful times. It Is said, I mi no I'otK returning through the woods to lilx home one day. overheard n voice ax of oiue one lu supplication. Peering among the treex he saw tlie couiniauder-lii-clilef on liN knees In fer vent prayer for Ills country and iiriuy. The fanner stole away unnoticed, and on icnchlng homo asurcd.lils wife that he no longer doubted the success of the Americans The burdens heaped on the shoulders of Washington were Indeed enough to cruli liny man. but. great as they were, he was called upon to bear still more. IJvon a plot was formed to supercede Washington, the active spirits In which were Conway, (iatex. Mlitlln. ami (ieiieral Charles l.ee. It Is known In history ax the "Conway Cabal." and Itx object was to placo (ieiieral (Jutes In supremo t-fiiiitiiiiiMl mi otllcer who In ability, patriotism nml statoHtnnn ohlp wax not tn be thought of for u moment at the side of the Illustrious Father of his Country. Henry l.nurens. who had succeeded John Hancock nx president of Congress, was a warm friend of Washington am) Informed him of everything that was going on, but' the coinniamler-ln-chlef innlnlalned Ids silence iitul dignity through the whole conspiracy, and It soon collapsed. Then there came to the gaunt, famishing army at Valley Forge a man whose arrival marked an epoch In the prowess of American arms. This personage was Huron Frederick' von Steuben, a man two yearn older than Washington. He was born In n Prussian fortress, passed his childhood among soldiers, and became one hlmclf when only 11 years of age. lie fought bravely on some of the most famous battle Holds of P.uropc. This ninn was appointed Inspector geiiernl In place of Conway, and he threw his whole soul Into the work. Ills experience and ability were Invaluable lu training the soldiers for the great and decisive battles that yet remained to ho fought. Steuben poxxcHxcd n frame of Iron, and never spared himself. Ho hud n tlery temper, but the soldiers liked him none the worse, though they could not help smiling when, having exhausted his short supply of P.ugtlsh, lie would beg his lieutenant to thunder at the awkward fellows. Ho was, Indeed, the Invaluable drill-master for Washington and furnished him n real army. Great good. then, (lowed from the surrender of llurgoyncN nrmy. which had taken place near Stillwater on the Hudson, on Pet. IT. ITTT. llenjamln Franklin, then American nmbassador nt the court of France, at once saw n golden opiMirtunlty to urge the claims of America, and the king, who had already shown himself friendly, throw aside nil hesitation and announced Ids Intention of forming an alliance with the Colonics. The treaty was Hticeessfully concluded, Feb. tl. J778. lly It Franco acknowledged the Inde pendence of the Fulled States and entered Into relations of reciprocal friend ship with our country. It was agreed that they should make common cause, nnd that neither should treat with Great Hrltalii for peace without the con no tit of the other the Hist and one of tho most Important treaties ever inado by Ainerlcn. Kiisland was Incensed, our country was delighted. In the mouth of March, however, the Kngllsh Parliament passed two conciliatory measures, which gave to the American all they had at Hist nsked: It yielded the right to tax tliein, and recognized Congress as a representative body. Only one concession was lacking: Parliament did not yet acknowledge the Independence of the United States. lint the withdrawal of the Kngllsh nrmy from Philadelphia soon fol lowed. Kxpectlng n war with France. Kngland gradlmlly concentrated all Its forces nt New York, thus giving Washington h chance to strike a blow and light n battle here and there, until finally In 178:1 peace was concluded and Independence gloriously won. Illustrated Homo Journal. WASHINGTON'S SPIRITUAL SIDE 0Wa Baptised, tint There Is No I'.vhtence tbut He Kcr Took Cum mini Ion. Gen. A. W. Greely. U. S. A., contrib utes n most Interesting chapter on "Tin Personal Side of Wiinlilugtuu" (Ids n-c-iiml and conchtdhi:; one oil tho subject) n the I. miles' Home Journal. In con sidering Washington's religious life (or belief) the biographer makes tlie preface: This effort to depict Washington ns Very devout from Ids childhood, a a htrlct Sabb.itnrlan, and as la Intimate uplritoal couiiauulcntliiu with the church, Is practically contradicted by liU own letters." Continuing, Gen. ji freely says: "What Washington really believed m to tlie fundamental tint lit of Christianity, or n to uou-i-KAciiiinW on H'iilcli so niiiiiy sectarian Nxm- hnvo been raised, caiuuit bit dt'liuitely Htated. lie inherited the Episcopal form of faith by MptUui, ami throughout Ids life took n active part ns a vestryman of that church. Hut even it lie was ever con tinned lu Its faith there is no reliable 'evidence that ho ever took eonuuuuiou with it or with any other church. Ill plmrt. It seeniH that the very honesty and integrity of tho man caused liliu to re 'rniu from the more spiritual forms of activity In the church. Posnilily Id ;nltiil, n have tho minds of ninny men of high moral character, followed tho irratlounl bt-nt of Inseparably nsaorluthig principle and profi-ssluiis. nud o looked (ntkniit nt creeds nud dogmas, where the lire! of their foremost advocates gave the lie to tho profession of the lips. It i notable, however, Unit us time ui-ut on, the occasional iinllfferuce of his youthful days gave place to a respectful even If not devout, attitude with refr dice to religious mutters, lu a feelhu uf spiritual Indifference to tliu church It Is not surprising that, ncjleetliig spiritual reasons, he wrote. a Virginia colonel: 'Jin. want of n chiplnhi does reflect dls honor upon the rcKiiucnt. us all otho.' otll cer nru allowed.' And mIicii he was urged to have public prayer lu camp, .o ns to excite tlie curiosity ami foster the conversion of the Indians, u Uuorcd Ihe recommendation. As to tho Kalihatii he conformed to the local Virginia hab its. After service tho day wn Inrgdy given to riding, visiting, dining, nml to those innocent nuiuseiueiits nud gather ings that ninny then believed to lie es-Kt-ntlal snfegunrds of a community. The dominating trnlt of Washington's life wni a spirit of equity, which 1 the near est approach to perfect Jiutlee." Karly Celebrations. The origin of Washington's birthday n holiday U stated a follows: Uu Felt. 'Si. 17!.". a numU-r of gentlemen met In a New York tavern to eelehrato tho great general birthday. They then Agreed to aiiseuible in fiitum on that day, celebrating it with ode and toasts. Washington's Mceiidanc shortly after to the pretilueney gave a new aeat to tho '"annual." fco that In time It became gen ral, and finally greiv Into u "legal lioll ,day," the peopio demanding it from a custom. The firt public celebration of Wash ington's birthday occurred on Feb, 11, 'J7H4, and the anticipated occasion wai 'thu alluded to by tho Peuiiiylt-auia Ticket of Feb, 17. tame years VALLEY FORGE. ST w a ti'i-rllili' , 17"7-, niiil 1 lit look ulimtiiy ft 1 1" T wit n ti'irllili' wlnli-r, Unit f UW lit'Uiiu to uluiitity tor tlu' AiiHMlfiin TolonUw. 'fliflr in my wm Hindi wwiUur limn Hint f (In' liivmlor. iitul whs iMiiitliiuiilly driven kirk, until nt lift IMillnilcliiliIii luul rnlU'ii. Mini Wiixliliiu'lun Mini hi- mpretl lmlrluM Initl pun Into wliiici- iiiiiiiU'fs ut Val ley lns;o, twiniy mile from IM1II11 U'lpliln. While lliey elilvoroil wltli rolil iiinl ne.irly Mm-vol. tlie twenty tlioiixniul KiiiilMi mid lle"l!iii mililleiH In IMitliiilelpliln feiiHteil mill I'loUtl 111 the height of pleiMiie. It win u gloomy iinitciit. Inileed, WiiililiialoiiV nuiivli to Vulley rw iix imiile In Hie niliMle of Heeeiulier. "Wednesday Inst being the birthday of his excellency, Gen. Washington, tho same was celebrated hero by all tho true friends of American lndepeiulenco nnd constitutional liberty, with that hilarity and manual decorum attendant on the sous of freedom. In tho evening nil en tertainment was given on board the East India ship in this harbor, to a very bril liant and respectable company, and a discharge of thirteen camion was tired upon the Joyful occasion." Washington's lllrthtlay. 'Tin sileiiillil to lire mi uranclly Thai, long utter .ton are gone. The tilings you illil are reiiiemliereil, Anil recounted miller the sun; To live mi liruvely mid purely 'Hint a nation stops mi Its way, A lot once a .war, with haulier nail drum, Keep lis Ihoiiiilit of jour natal day, "lis splendid to lime n rerun) Ho w title mid free from slain That held to tlie lluht. Ii slums no blot, TIioukIi tested nml tried aimiln; That am- to aire former ltepeats lu story of love, And yniir birthday lives lu a nation's heart, All other days nliove. And this l Washington'! glory, A steadfast mini ami true. Who stood fur his country's honor When Id country's ilnys were few. Anil now when Its iluys nre many, And Ita tlug of stars I Hung To the bret-iv lu delimit chnlieuef, III name I ou every tongue. Yes, It's splendid to live so bravely, To lio an great nnd strong, That your memory In ever a tnseln To rally Hie roes or ine wrong; To lire no proudly nnd purely, That your people pause In their way. And year by year, with haulier nnd drum, Keep tlie thought of jour natal Uuy. A Waiting Chuiiou. "There Is n fortune walling for somo shrewd but honest mini," said a bache lor the other day. "I believed Hm male ers of underclothing nro lu collusion with some of thoi-o matrimonial agen cies, No mutter what price I pay for my underclothing, the buttons aro al ways entiling off, and as I send nil my washable clothes to a laundry carelessness, I'll admit they nro never sowed on, iimi I have to resort to pins. All tills 1 a geiitlo reminder that a fellow needs n wife, but I absolutely refuse to tnko tho hint. Where Is tho fortune? Why, If some really honest man should go Into tho huMuess of uiiiiiiifacliirlug underclothes, mid uiako n specialty of having the buttons se curely .sowed on, ho would reap n har vest compared with which ihu profits from u now brand of soap or n fako medicine would look like 'M cents. Ho could advertise ids wares as Hid 'llnch olor's Underclothing.' Ho could hnvo somo catchy legend as this, 'Our Hut tons Never Come Off.' Let mo tell yon If such n tiling ever Is done you will find n (tang of men down at Hie store where tho garments nro sold which will make a woman's bargain counter rush seem tnmo as n French duel." Of the land lu Itussln, ns shown by tho government reports, tho nobility own 181,000,000 acres and tho mer chants 30,000,000, wlille the peasants own but 85,000,000 acres. ITEMS OF INTEREST The finest livery stables In Chicago ire those of the Erie Livery, 1WJ to 201 Brie street, nnd 108 to 170 Ontario itreet. The proprietor, Mr, William A. illnklu.s, Is one of the best known nnd bot liked hotseuieii In the country. He has recently purchased nnd has mbject to call the Hnest Imperials, b'rench leather heads, Victorias and landau carriages In Chicago, Ills broughams, coupes ami hansom onbs are the In-st. Ills horses are llrst-clnss, with rub ber shoos! they never slip. Ills drivers are well dressed, sober, courteous and reliable. Telephone 1070 North. The finest carrtfiges. most stylish turnouts nud mosPcnreful drivers enn be ordered by telephone from J, 11. Blrrrn's elegant stable, 217 and 2411 Webster avenue. Mnn wants but little here below, Put, be It understood, So matter whether high or low, That little must be good; Which may explain why men of taste, Who always get the best, Their heads by Newton's hats are graced When they would be well dressed; For Newton blocks, the critics tell, In style nud texture all excel. The tttegraph manual Issued by the Western Electric Company will teach any one the art of telegraphy. To get a copy address Department 0 0, West ern Electric Company, 242 South Jef ferson street, Chicago, and Indole 25 cents. One of the best-liked and most pop ular business men In Chicago is Tom N. Donnelly, the Jeweler, at 118 Dearborn street. Mr. Donnelly enjoys the con fidence and patronage of the very best people in Chicago, and If you want the host goods, In watches, d'" "onds nud Jewelry, nt reasonable prices, the man to patronize is honest Tom Donnelly, at 118 Dearborn street. For tlie correct hnt, patronize New ton, Hie old-time hatter, 135 Madison street, near Clark. E. II. Pratt, M. D., 100 State street, Chicago, Dec. 10, 1800, writes: I Iiavo Hioroughly tested the practical value of the Deer Lick Mineral Water and deem It of great value In Stomach nnd I.Ivor troubles, especially following tho use of tobacco and alcohol. It Is also a valuable tonic for overworked ner vous systems. Hon. Walter C. Nelson, 101 Washing ton street, Chicago, Nov. 18, 1801, writes: My wife has been a sufferer from liver complaint for a number of years. Having heard of Deer Lick Mineral Water, I was Induced to have her give It a trial, and sho Is now tak ing the water. Sho feels that It has done her a great deul of good, and 1 can cheerfully recommend It to any one suffering tho same trouble or for general debility. For tents, awnings and waterproof covers go to Murray ft Co., 829-388 South Canal street. These people are leaders In this line of goods. A. L. Sweet, President Chicago, Wit mlngtou and Vermillion Coal Company, Chicago, Feb. S3, 1001, writes: I bad been troubled (for years with gas In my stomach after meals, which at times affected my heart and caused great suffering. I consulted some of the best specialists for this trouble, but found no permanent relief until I began taking Deer Lick Mineral Wa ter. I hnvo now no troublo with either my stomach or heart, and I most cheer fully recommend the Water to any ono so nailcted. Wrlto for a trentlso on Natural Deer Lick Mineral Waters. Address the Deer Lick Mineral Spring Company, 185 Dearborn street, Chi cago, III.; Telephone Central 2000. There Is no better beer browed In the world than the far-famed "Extra" Heer brewed by the Brand Brewing Com pany, at 1251 Elston avenue. Tho Deer Lick Mineral Water Is In reality a more efficient alterative and cllmlnant than any of these celebrated waters. Besides, it has valuable con stituents which they do not possess, and which indlcato its use In numer ous cases in which they are Inert Hurray ft Company, who lead In the awning business, and who were located on Randolph street for eleven years, In vite you to call at their new mammoth establishment, 820 to 838 South Canal street Peoplo who desire first-class merchant tailoring will do well to patronize. Mr, C. Masters, who has opened an estab lishment at tho southwest corner of Dearborn and Randolph streets, Mr. Masters Is ono of the most popular ns well ns ono of tho best cutters hi Chi cago, and his success Is assured. J. B. Murphy, M. D 100 State street, Chicago, Sept. 22, 1899, writes: Tho Deer Lick Mineral Water is ono of well-deserved reputation, and Is des tined to have a very extenslvo use by tho profession and tho laity. Tho beer bottled by tho Independent Btewlug Association, tho Ernst Broth ers' famous plant, Is the finest in tho country. Order It for your residence. Phone, North 045. L. Everlngham, Boom 80, Board of Trndo Building, Chicago, Nov. 2, 1807, writes: I have used several cases of Deer Lick Mineral Water with good results and consider It an excellent tonic, and oue of nature's best restora tives, Joseph Groin's restaurant and buffet, 09 East Ilandolph street, Is ono of the most popular resorts for political lead ers, as well as for the general public, iu the city. B. .7. Wellcr & Co. Is ono of tho larg est and most reliable linns nt present cncnifcd lu iho commission business lu tills city. All who have business with (hem mo perfectly sufc in their hands, nnd sure of clilcleiit services nnd lion- oroide ticiitineut. No womlir tin; business of the llrand llrowlug Company, at 12.11 KNtmi ave nue. Inciea-cd over KM) per cent dining IIMKI. Their fatuous "Extra" blew lias u world-wide reputation. Uliailes E. I lytic c Co., southeast cor- iim- I'ltii'l; ti till Mnm-iKi utwti.ttt Is tin. other linn where policemen and fire men could obtain material of tho very best quality for their uniforms nml have them lliado ill the vcrv best st.vlc at inosficasotmlilu prices. Tim f-i c.il furniture liiiiwn of Alexan der Iterell. northeast corner Wabash avenue and AilalnsMreet. was one of the busiest marts of trade during the Christinas season. Some ningnltleont works of art lu houso-furiiHilug Hue were on view, while lu the lino of busi ness furniture, such its desks, olllco lltthiL's and the like, most tciisoiiahto rates and excellent value weie offend. Hannah & Hogg's excellent brand of whisky known as the Mcllreycr Cedar Itrook Is the real thing Tor the holi days. The now establishment of tills firm carries a large consignment of this and other fnucy brands of cxcellest. whiskies, wines nnd Illinois. It is lo cated on Wabash avenue, opposite the Auditorium. For wines and liquor, Keating St .Mahony, the well-known Importers and wholesale dealers In this lino of good, nro among Hie foremost In the country for vuliio nc well us the excellence of Ihelr goods. A. H. WILLIAMS 69 Dearborn Street. Reem as. LOANS On Furniture, Pianos, ttc, with out removal, at le west eouibU rata LYMAN ABBOTT Editor The Outlook NEWSPAPER AND MAGAZINE IN ONE. PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. PRICE THREE DOLLARS A YEAR I Read The Outlook "Because It is the best nil-round magazine in the country." "Because each number Is worth tin armful of newspapers." LrHer Ji'iiih 'J'ltn Subterilifr, PORTRAITS FROM LIFE OK A1ARK TWAIN STEDMAN E. E. HALE ALDRICH , HOWELLS HIUOINSON Drawn in pastel by ALFKED HOUGHTON CLAKK Each portrait printed on pltitc paper 9x11 Inches, suitable for framing mid enclosed in a handsome portfolio. PRICE ONE DOLLAR. PINI A flNP nm I AD Rll I tothlxhtank.wlthymiriinmcand addroxiln full. a . . m v. im mvtt , uu 27 Fourth Avenue. New Yurk. It ynnr name Is rcc.hr The (utkk Mr H)UR MONTHS rltv It ymtr name Is Name. TllHII. JOS. J. DUFFY. JOSEPH J. GENERAL CONTRACTORS 907 Chamber of Commerce. Telephone ANY ltt-lM lUAisoa gt, "K NOW READY. THE MANY ADVlNTURES OF Foxy Grandpa! Including nil Hie merry pictures contained in the two volumes, entitled "Adventures of Foxy Grandpa" and "Fiirlher Adven tures of Foxy Gradpa." Mr. Schult.o said to me one day at lunch: "What do you think of a scries of ooinle drawings dealing with n grandfather and Ids two grandson?" "Let the grandfather bo Hie clever one of the trio. In most of the other cases (lie young folk have been smart er than Hie old people, upon whom they played their Jokes, Let's reverse II." The next morning ho enmo to my of fice with sketches for half u dozen series, nml with the name "Foxy Grandpa" lu tils head, The success of the series In the New Yoik Herald was Instantaneous, for who lins not heard of "Foxy Grandpa" and "llininy"? Tlie Jolly old gentleman, dear to grown people as well as children, might almost be called the Mr. Pick wick of comic pictures. EinVAUtf MAUSIIALL. To Grandfathers Who Aro And To Those Who Are To He. 1 Merrily Dedicate This Hook. "HUNNY." Sent postage paid on receipt of ONE DOLLAIt In currency or postal order! no checks received. L. R. Hamersly Co., 49 Wall Street, NEW YORK. H. W. MABIO, Associate Editor I(,( ,j,. at Olir h nm aln-ailynn mir t , tnlt.in and this mid nm I. :it mir r sk. In the Diitlnik Loninanv. not aln-adynn our tMikitvia i-ulmcrltx-r. yen will 'nm.'iio (price nne uuiiar.. .SI rift No.. . State. M. J. SCANLAN DUFFY & CO.. Main 4688. Tolop)ho,T lUrth 7 JOHN F. ALLES, 333 Lincoln Ave., Plumbing, Gas Fitting AN. SEWERAGE. Stein aid Hot Water htitli Repalriag Promptly Dace. CttaMtfM Ckrtully Purattk VIENNA. NEW BNLANs OOUN1Y PAIR. DADDY DOLLAR. BREAD. ORIAM Of MALI MAkT. OR- ani 179-111 Lata It, :BXJY: MOXLEYS BUTTERINE Pure, Nutritious Appetizing- There Is But One BEST. No Tablt Should AT ALL FIRST-CLASS GROCERS. J. J. VANDERBILT DEALER IN Hay, Grain and Peed Baled Shavings and Salt. Washburn-Crosby Go's Gold Medal Flour WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. Corner Michigan Avenue and 112th Place. M.fYLYOON.FrM. N.C.LV00N. F.C IUWI, I. MtOAIITHY. U. Am. loo. C.R. ttacrauty. OtD'IOipt Sup. Drtxlftat DMkUs. The Lydon & Drews Company CONTRACTORS Bridging, Docking, and Binaral Pill Driving ALSO DESIONIM AND BUILDERS OF Foundations, Bridges, Piers, Breakwaters, Lighthouses, Tunnels. Pneumatic and Submarine Work. OfflMt UM-tl'MChambtro! Commirotj, WMhlagtos and U SIU llmu, OUift A AA TELEPHONE, MAIN 700. 5 AVID REEVKS. Prtildtnt. RANK T. DAVIS, Tret. A. O.BT1TES, Rot. Ens., Chletio.' The Phoenix Bridge Company ...CNGINtBltS AND BUILDBRS... CAPACITY OF BRIDGE WORK 40,000 TONS PER ANNUM. All Work Don on Promises, from Or to Finished Bridge). Bridges, Turntables, Ocean Piers, Elevated Railroads, Viaducts, Roofs, All Structures of Iron and Steel. Estlnatts and SffKlal Deslgaa Puralshsd on Appllcatlo. ....OPPIOES.... 411 Walssl Street, FiUtde.i1.la; PheMhTHIe, Pa.; 49 WIHIaa Street, New York; 31 The Reokery, CHICAQO. RUBBERPAINTCOMPANY, 36 and 38 BOSTON AVENUE. HIADQUARTIRt FOR Strictly Pure Lead, Colors in Oil, Mixed Paint, Bicycle Enamel, Brushes, Varnishes and Painters' Material, and tile Celebrated Hygienic Calcimine. HIGHEST AWARD AT WORLD'S COLUMBIA! EXPOSITION. ffJlCIIII, Jill J. CIAIETT, vicrwimn. Tolophono Central I BOO. Tolophono Main 8775. Jackson & Corbett Company General Contractors 1104 Ashland Block, 59 Clark St, CHICAGO. CsrsenitlM Week el Every DetsrtstkR. Bo Without It. FOR SEYMOUR P. THOMAS, Bti. Knr. Ntw York. JOHN SI-KRUNO UEAN8.Chl.fEnV: WM. H. RKEVKS, Qratnl tJuptrlsUrtMt. ff. L SELL CtllELlii IHU, & ! siiLii: rvi' i VM"- ; " -'iifaiiM ti'isii , ,fVAl ,V finffiaiiksir