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THE OHIOAQO EAGLE. gggss , NEEDS OF POPULAR EDUCATION IN AMERICA. By William Be Witt Hyde. Prelitnt et BowMn College. 11 ' i Education nlros to trftln the pupil to do three JD things to earn a living, to support tho lnstltu K tlotis of society, nnd to enjoy the products of nrt 1 and civilization by tho cultivation of the mind I M and taste. This standard requires of the demon- tary school, first of all, to' preserve the child In vigorous health. It calls for power of hand and Rv eye to appreciate and make beautiful objects. HeJ Itrndlng should teach not only how to read, but Mlso the reading habit. Arithmetic should bo restricted to limits of prolmblu utility for tho average person. Geogra phy should start with actual observation of phenomena. History should grow out of myth and biography Into tho tory of national life, and should teach the way liberties were won. Mere memory should hold an Incidental and Mbordlnato place. Tho power to tell a connected story nnd to trace the sequence of cause and effect should be the chief aim of recitation. Science should bo training In observation, rea soning nnd nroiiKcd curloIty. Promotion should bo frequent nnd Irregular, with en couragement nnd opportunity to bright scholars to skip the lower grades. Examinations should be a test of power instead of mere acquisition. Discipline should rest on freedom, assuming right intentions nnd appealing to reason and good will. This now curriculum Is at length theoret ically accepted. Tho difficulty Is to get tho teachers, for the now spirit requires knowledge nnd character years 1n advance of the pupil. A good teacher with n poor course Is better than n poor teacher with a good course. As It is to-day, tho public school Is vastly better than tho elongated private kindergarten which cater to the children of tho rich. Tho American public high school emancipated from narrow college domluatlon In the substance, yet insplrtd by collcgo examinations In tho quality of its courses, la destined to play a leading part In making America tho land CI intelligent workmen, loyal citizens, and happy people. A system which gives to tho child tho keys to the treat tire house of tho whole world, which opens the mystery f plant and animal, and sea and star; which watches for to bent of each child; which seeks for highly trained worn B and men s teachers; which goes behind the 1'orms of words and grasps details In their larger significances; which sens to inspiro love of beauty and goodness lu each mem Mr of a class, Is a magnificent improvement over tho old enter or things, Is that women are overanxious for results. Time is a great tax upon their patience. They are, as a rale, In too great a hurry to begin making money, and therefore prefer to make a little quickly rather than wait for the larger re sults which come more slowly. Btlll another reason for the lower wages of woinea Is that most of them arc not compelled as 'the men are to o to work. It Is for this reason, too, that they do not Bave any considerable portion of their earnings for they look upon their weekly wages as spending money nnd nro there fore quite free with It. Then their presence In the shop or the factory calls for better accommodations, which nec essarily Increases tho expense of conducting a business. Still wa are of the opinion that it will not bo long before womca will become thoroughly acclimated In tho world of outdoor work and not only command higher wages for themselves but also by their presence make the struggle for existence a little less tierce. 2 SEES PERIL TO LABOR. By Bishop Henry C. Potter, of Hew Yertt. 'I he conditions which confront tho peoplo of America to-day are largely of their own making. I believe the folly of tho labor organizations In sev eral Instances has alienated a great deal of the sympathy that would other wise have gono to them. Ono thing wo must realize Is that the community Is not made up of cither laborers or cap italists, but rather of those between ivho are very largely affected by these difference. The time may come when organized lnbor muy make Itself so unpleasant that It may not bo ablo to star In New York. The great stumbling block In organized labor Is that the freedom of tho Individual 'Is Invaded and that has got fee be corrected. BISHOP POTTER. IVHY WOMEN GET LOWER WAGES THAN MEN. BrM. M. Mange rlee, lecturer Chicago Btalcol Society. 's3 ' I ' ' .J There nre psychological reasons for the lowsr wages oi women, in tne world or outaoor labor woman Is, comparatively speaking, still n novlcs. I having but recently joined tho iranks of the bread winners. Women do not tako kindly to learning a trade thoroughly before seeking em ployment. Lacking business judgment, they hes itate to invest cither the time or tho money re quired to master details. In fact, most women undertake a trade or a profession with no Idea of making iiincir mo worn, out as only a temporary occupatlon ontli something better turns up. This "something better ror tne majority or women Is marriage. Again, woman's nervous temperament stands In the way of her success as i eolaborer with or a competitor of man. To do prosaic work steadily day In and day out requires stronger nerves than the average woman Is favored with. Another reason THE RIGHT KIND OF PERSON TO MARRY. By Helen OlitleM. Love matches, rather than marriages of con venience, arc the rulo In tho Land of Freedom. Men seek women becnuso they feel a sincere affection for them; women marry men for tho all sufficing reason that life seems to them better and richer If It may be lived together. And un doubtedly love Is tho first rcqulslto to n happy marriage. Nevertheless, the ancients were not without reason when they painted Cupid with a bandage around his eyes. Love matches aro sometimes less happy than others where tho affection between man and wife has for Its foundation calm esteem and cordial respect. The best way Is tobo wise In time nnd not to allow tho heart to plunge In too deeply until the head has approved. Mercenary marriages arc a mistake. When money Is tho solo attraction the person who Is bought and sold has no right to complain later. It Is safo to distrust persons who, even among their own kindred, take all they can get and glvo as little as posslblo In return. Tho girl who Is an affectionate nnd dutiful daughter, who Is beloved of her small brothers and sisters, and the confidant of all their troubles and triumphs, may bo safely counted upon as a true helpmeet to her hus band; the man who Is always thoughtful of bis mother nnd attentive to his sisters can bo reckoned upon to duly cherish his wife. According to Scripture It Is difficult for two to walk together except they be agreed. Similarity of tastes and Inclination go far to foster happiness in married life. Whosoever marries a man of Indubitably bad habits, hoping to reform him, makes a woeful mistake. The man who will not forsake his evil ways for love of his sweetheart will never do so for love of his wife. The old saying, "Marry In hasto and repent at leisure," Is wise, as are most old saws. Time brlngeth counsel, and hasty Judgments nre rarely worthy the name. Much of tho unhapplncss which exists In married life might bo avoided If persons Intend ing to enter Into the holy estnte of matrimony were wise enough to wait to become well acquainted with each other before going hand In hand through Its gato. ROBERT J. REHSHAW Painting and Decorating 1438 Wellington Street. TelepMM 141 Like View. LUTHIR LOOMIS President WILLIAM LOOMIS Vloe President J AS. A. HOOAN Gen'l Mgr. and lee's ILLINOIS STONE CO.. Dimension and .Rubble Stone QUARRIES AT LEtlONT. Main Office, cor. 22d and Lumber Sts. tBlBPHOnt CAHAt i 30. Yard He. I. 22d ft Lumber Sts. Tel. Canal 130. CHICAGO Yard No. 9. Eltlon k, 1 Blk. North DMsloi Tel. Monroe 601. TILtPMOKt. LAKI vnw tee. 0 MORE ARE GOING TO CHURCH. By Her. Dr. Oonali 5. taekar. et Hew York. More thoughtful, Intellectual men are going to church In Now York to-day than thero were ten years ago. On tho other hand, proportionately fewer women are attending church than former ly. That Is especially so among women of leisure and tho so-called society woman, for whom tho Sabbath is crowded with social engagements. It Is also true largely of the wage-earning woman, who not unnaturally desires the Sabbath for recreation. In the aggregate, of course, thero are more women In our churches than men. This should not be, for the latter need tho church's message more than the former. Orchestras, and an Imposing ritual, hare no place In God's house. They attract tho curious and Irreligious nnd distract the rlgh-mlnded. Theso accessories belong to the theater, and a creed Is weak which has to resort to them to attract the public to church. Preaching tho gospel Is what the oppressed human heart seeks to lighten the burden. The hopeful words of the Mas ter are the best balm for tho doubtful and suffering nnd tho despairing. Therefore tho heavy-laden should seek tho sanctuary. I am compelled to believe that every man who habitual ly refuses to attend God's house Is helping along to' the limit of his personnl Influence this degradation of life for the 1 entire community. HENRY E. BRANDT, Paints and Wall Paper 4..AJ.AAAAi.i.AAXXAAXAAi,XJ. V 14,AAAAfcAA WHEELER k WILSON " SEWili MACHINES S9EEEEEEEfte7 III ' Mm 1 fic' uismtem$ Ilise1BBE5tK '"WwammmmmW&&QxZaWDl$ 'imgpr Are known throughout the world. They are in dally use in factories, in hmes sewing all grades of work, from heavy leather to finest mull. Not How Cheap But How Good! . Shroud be vour eulde In nurchaslns . . a wfnT M trhln ami tin tint tit. ' .7 , " :r v , : , . .. sausnea witnouc nrsi giving ine ' "No. o" a trial. '. 1 Wheeler & Wilson Manufacturing Go. 72 ft 74 Wabash Avo., Chicago, Ills. fWTWTTlTTWTTMTtyW PftKD W. UPHAM, President. O, O. AOLM, See. and Treas Frad W. Upham Lumber Co. f 446 441 Lincoln Avsnut. ainttnsj P&perhsjmsjrlnaj svnd Dooavrsrtliis) VUMt: It. 411 fnuftal Ave.. Mr. lliotta Ave. T2Pg?il WM. L.ORIMER, Prss. end Trees. J. J. McKENNA, VleePres. WM. J. MURPHY, See. Murphy & Lorimer Brick Company 639 Rookery Building, Chicago Yards Archer and California Ave. Telephone Office, Harrison 933. WISCONSIN HARDWOOD ROOM 1470, OLD COLONY BUILDING Phone Harrison 781. H EMPLOYMENT MES WEST SIDE BUREAU I to 9 South Canal Street TldlEPXIOllSIS A1A.IIV OOl ' t NO CHARGES OF ANY KIND MADE TO EMPLOYER OR EM- , PLOYE FOR FURNISHING ALL KINDS OF EMPLOYMENT: FOR MALE OR FEMALE HELP. ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO ' S. P. REVERE, Superintendent IHIMM"t"H tHH4t IH"t"H"M"HH 1 1 tlH MACHINE-MADE APPLAUSF ' IS USED IN A THEATER. StaRo lightning, stage thnr.dcr, tho stage moon, tind tho singe snowstorm navo been put In tho bnckgrouud bj tho Invention of a stago nnpjauso mil cblno Invented by Actor Henry Miller. Mr. Miller was. playing In Rlchnrd Harding Davis' "Taming of Helen" In Bt Louis when bo llrst tried Its power. In the Inst act, which takes plavo In the greenroom of the Imperial Theater, London, tho applause of an Imaginary THE AITI.AU8U UACIUXI!. audience Is heard. The author sup posed that n crowd of Htipcrs at M cents per night would bo used for this purpose, but Mr. Miller put hU mu ch Ine at work. Tho real supers couldn't have done half as well, By turns the band-clapping wus deafening, and then It would subside, Tho shutting of doors would stop the sound, and many curi ous effects were Introduced. Mr. Miller's Invention' Is a wonder. It consists of a large solid wooden drum, studded with pins about two Inches long. When the drum rovolves tbo pins strike It, producing a nolso of band-clapping. WHITE HOUSE IN A CLASS BY ITSELF, FROM AN ARCHITECTURAL POINT OF VIEW. o: NE moonlight night In June, 100-', whllo strolling through the grounds with Charles I McKIm, one, of the members of tho park commission, wo seated ourselves on ono of those mounds which tradition ascribes to John Qulncy Adams' tasto In landscapo architecture. That afternoon crowds of peoplo arrayed In Joyous costumes befitting the scml-troplcs had como from tho hot city to rest under tho trees and listen to tho Saturday concert of tho Mnrlne Band. The musicians, clad In wblto duck, were located In a little depression, so that tbo sound of the music rolled up tho slopes to tho attentive audience. J A year beforo wo had observed the same effect at Versailles; and both tho similarities and the differences of tho two pictures were being discussed as wa sat In the quiet night, behind the lockod gates, whero not a sound from the city streets broko the grateful nolso of water splashing In tho fountains, coutlnucs Charles Moore, In tbo Century. On the high portico tho President sat amid a group of dinner guests, and tho lights of their cigars were "echoed" by tbo drowsy fireflies flitting ubout the grounds, only the' brilliantly lighted windows of tho secretary's ofllce oven suggesting tho workaday world. Tho moonlight, shining full on tho Whl to -House, ravealed tho harmonious Hues of Its graceful shape. "Toll me," I asked tho architect, "among tho great houses that hnve been built during recont years In -the general stylo of tho Whlto House many of them lnrgor and much moro costly Is thero any that, In point of architecture, surpasses It?" "No; thero Is not ono lu tho same class with It," ho. replied deliberately a Judgment coutlrmcd later under the noomlny sun. SSSERTOgfef CEMENT PAVING 177 LA ST. SALLE CHICAGO TELEPHONE CENTRAL 2054. JOS. J. DUFFY. M. J. SCANLAt Surgery Hoven Hnndrcd Years Ago Surgical operations were performed on tho human skull in America 200 years before tbo coming of. Columbus, ays tho Toledo Blade. The work was done In thoso early days with tho aid of shells and flint hatchets. Many skulls bave been discovered In Peru which Illustrate the methods of these early surgeons. From the appearance of the skull It Is also evident that a considerable proportion of those ope rated apoa lived afterward. This trephining was probably per formed to save the lives of those who. bad received a serious wound from a club or a atone. Considering that the surgeon ef these early days worked with nothing mere effective than sharp ehells or flat halves, the work is ox. essaingly'credltehto. Varna skulls lee have' beea roue la lurepe. dst la back te frtalaterlt Oases. la the South Sea Islands tho operation was often performed with tho samo primi tive implements. Tbo local surgeons not only tropblno In tho case of frac tures, but as a cure for epilepsy and certain forms of insanity. Trephining Is also performed in this primitive way even as a euro for hcadacbo. Discounts, Thero Is such a thing ub carrying the discount business too far, as tho smart advertising ugout of a now publication discovered. "As I understand It," said tho incr chant, "your rate Is $100 a pago for slnglo Insertion, and you deduct 1 per ceut from this rato for each additional Insertion" "That Is correct," replied tho agent "If I tako n page for two Issues It will be SOD for each, and if I take it for six It will bo f 05 for each. Am I right)" "You are." "The., greater the number of Issues for which I contract to tako the page, the less the price for each Insertion." "Th total rate decreases by 1 per cent for each Insertion contracted for after' th first," explained the agent "If you agree to take It ten times, there will be nine Insertions after the first; and you will get 8 per cent off the rate., la other, tvretto you will only have to pay 01 eacb time." "The Idea commends Itself te me," xald tho merchant, thoughtfully, "nnd If you will stick to that plan I will bo glad to make a contract with you to uso n full pago for 101 consecutive Issues." Tho agent was Jubilant until he thought It over. Then ho wasn't. This discount business can be carried too far. She Used Soap In Tea nail. "Mary, what Is the matter with your tea? It Is unearthy" exclaimed a call er who had dropped In on n friend at the S o'clock tea hour. Surprised, Mary hastened to brow a second pot of the boverage, tilling the tea ball with utmost nicety of pro portion and adding Just tbo correct number of cherries and bits of lomon. The second browing was no bettor than tho llrst, and then sho called tbo new maid. "Have you been using" the Chinese teapot for any purpose other than tea, or have you got anything mixed with the tea 7" sbe Inquired. "Ob, no, Miss," briskly responded the maid, tben added reflectively, "but I found the tea ball so nice to awing the bits of soap, round In the dlsbpan that I bave betn usng It for that purpose. Only I thought I took all the dry bits of soap out before I put In the tea," JOSEPH J. DUFFY & CO., GENERAL CONTRACTORS 907 Chamber of Commerce. Telephone Main 4588. DRINK A The wil of the people dlalabKlta s) red aiaay eaaaMates. Red Elephant Split On Sale Everywhere. 'TIM RilM Thiol In till Morninf." "Yn Kmw." FURNITURE Carpets, Stoves, Crockery, Rugs, Brass and iron Beds, Lace Curtains and Shades. Cheapest Cash House in the City); HENRY STUCKAItfE, 2609 to 25 I 9 Archer Ave. PHONE YARDS 17 . 1 CHAS. G. BEEYEB PlumberGasfitt 187 W. DIVISION ST., Near Milwaukee Av. Telephono Monroo 075. House Draining a Specialty. Dealer in All Kinds Qas Fixtures Jobbing Promptly Attended T?a T Tanner & Conley, MERCHANT TAILOR! First-Glass Work at Moderate Prices. REAPER BLOCK oo Washington Street, CHICAGO TELEPHONE CENTRAL 924.' W, M. HOYT COMPANY. wumucaih r.DnruDC MP0T1H AID JOMIM 0 i-H ', i . "A" bMSm JRl p I - t. ItlUJiDiCtllUilUUrallllTlBW I hi ii mi n,Ji.,i-ili'l-i I.