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THE OHIO.A.QO S3 -A. OLE.
lfe ft)icago Eaglc PUBUSnED EVERY SATURDAY HENRY P. DONOVAN. Am Independent Newspaper, Fenrlett Mad Trwtbful. MJBSCRIPTION RATES S2.M PER YEAR ASSRMI Alt COSMCKICATIOS t MNftY P. DONOVAN, Edlttr Prssrlttsr, $04 TEUTONIO IUILDINO, mUmi! Coritt WihlntoB St nl 8th At. Aft thft nnttnfflA. rhtiAffA. tlllmnli 4-o1mi tntll mttr.) LARGEST y IN CHICAGO. WHAT'S THE MATTER WITH THIS COMMITTEE ? What's tho matter with the Council Transportation Committee anyway? Is It greater than the public whoso hit- vanta Its members aro supposed to bo? If the statements which bavo been sent In to The Eagle concerning recent vagaries of that body are time, It would certainly appear that tho com mittee undoubtedly has a very high opinion of Its own Importance, and a very lofty contempt for the mere peo ple. Wo nro Informed, for Instance, that the other day a committee represent ing a largo body of property owners nnd taxpayers of this city org.inucd under the title of tho ftc.il Property Owners' Association, called at the City Hall and n-ked for an nudlemc with the Council Committee on Transporta tion In order to place before that ls)dy home suggestions which they dcslivd to make cunct-mlng the tnietlon jjues tlon. They woro promptly refused a hear ing and wero obllgi-d to go away av Ith out getting even .1 ehanco to express their views upon n matter of vltnl Im portance to themflvcs and those whom they represented. Tho E.iglo knows ereml of the members of tho Transportation Coin inlttfft and U glad to bo nblo to tes tlfy that they nro good ami upright gentlemen, and, jjo believe, conscien tious public servnift. Hut they should not foiget that thenro not greater than the power that crtftwl their otllce and placed them In It. l!lhn taxpay ers j,ave not the right to trte'i-r with their public ofllclals nnd makeVuggea lions concerning matters atrvtlng mwLl-Mmmm?amL their property rights iitul Interests, then there Is no such thing ns coutltu. tloual government, or popular repre sentation hi public otllce In this coun try. If the Ileal Property Owners Ao clatlon Is vlo It will send nnotlier committee to wait on the Trnnspurtn Hon Committee. Wo predict tliclr re ception would bo unite different net time. FOR A PURE MILK SUPPLY. The Englo congratulates the City Council upon It action In regit id to the mill! supply of this city. The measure which It passed on last Monday night In regard to this matter Is a wisely constructed one, and will be found, we believe, to bu one of the most ueful ordinances on the records of the municipality. A pure milk supply Is ns Important to the public n it pure wnter xtipply, and It Is of the most superlative Im portance In remit d to young children, among whom the Health Department statistics "how the mortality rate law been rapidly Increasing owing to the Inferior quality of milk which the deal ers have been putting on the market. It N gratifying to note the promptitude with which the city fathers responded to the public demand In the premises. DENEEN A MODEL OFFICIAL Whatever may be the outcome of tin meeting of the Judges of the Circuit and SupotiorCourts.enllod to levlse the rule of procedttio In the county gov ernment, Including, of course, the Criminal Court, nothing can possibly arise out of It that could by any oxer cNe of mental Ingenuity be construed Into a relleetlon upon State's Attorney CharleH S. Dciiccii, A more capable, 'faithful, hard-working olllclal never served the people of Cook County than Hon. Onirics S. Dencen. Ills record spenks for Itself. Abso lutely fearless, he lias done his full duty thoroughly ami honestly. He has enforced the law, absolutely and Just ly. Mr. Deacon's record of conviction of law-breakers has been such that his very name has become a terror to crim inals. Such officials ns Mr. Deiiooti nie all too rare In the public service, and when the law-abiding clement of the community secure the service of such a man It should not only treat hlin Justly, but give to him Its unstinted praise and supiNirt. LEAVE WE PARK SYSTEM ALONE. Already the pay roll majority In the Democratic organization has begun to quarrel over such political spoils as the recent Judicial election may have brought Into sight. It Is said they are even quarreling among themselves over the matter. There Is no doubt that these men will eventually try to get their hands on the South Park system and to use the patronage there for political pur poses, The Judiciary, lioth the newly elect- ed and the old. should resent any at- tempt of this kind. In tlio past the South Park system has been kept out of politics, the result being that the South Park Hoard is made up of ex cellent men, citizens who have the well-being of tho public nt .heart and whose main efforts have been to add to tho beauty of the city and tho hap piness and health of Its Inhabitants. The South Park system has been splen didly handled; Its funds have been carefully and economically administer ed; Its employes are careful nnd In dustrious, nnd Its pay rolls have been kept down to tho lowest limit com patible with good service. It Is to be hoped, therefore, thnt tho Judiciary will set Its face solidly ngnlnst nny Interference with the South Park sys tem by the party HpolltmuMi. As a gen eral rule the Kagle Is In favor of giv ing to tho victors In political, cam paigns thu rights which Immemorial custom have accotded to the conqueror, and which, by the way, the conqueror usually Insists upon, but the park sys tem should and we hope will be pre served Inviolate. t JURY COMMISSIONER WALSH SHOULD BE REAPPOINTED. Tho term of Jury Commissioner William C. Walsh Is about to ex plre, and lt Is the unanimous verdict of nil who nre acquainted with Mr. Walsh's record lu this position that ho should bo reappointed Mo has tilled the position and dis charged the onerous and highly Impor tant duties appertaining to It to the satisfaction of the bar and the gen eral public. Mr. Walsh Is an old and highly re spected eltl'.eii of Chicago, 11 mail whose standing before the public cannot be questioned. It Is to be hoped the Judges of the Circuit and Superior Courts will not allow any mall fry politicians to prevent his appoint ment. THE PIONEER OF PURE FOOD. Potty years ago rival food mnuufnc tuiers delighted 111 calling iir. V. i Price an enthusiast on pure fund man uf.iit'ire and culinary science, puie food history clearly proves, however, that in-. Prleo was working along cor rect and practical lines. No better . ltistintli u of this can bo given than the fact that seven out of every ten Amu 11 nn housewives unhesitatingly admit that the baking powder and llav.iiliu' extracts that b-"ir Dr. Prim's liin.e ,iiv recogul.eil ns uuiulstakalily tlle Ij' t. Dining nil thesfi years Dr. Price has ilovoinl himself to the single pmpuso of treating a M-lcutltlcally prepared read.vtoe.it wheat Hake cereal food, linallv, after nearly half a century of effort, Dr. Price confidently launch ed Dr. Price's Wheat Pinko Celery Pood, the only celery cream wheat flake. This food he considers a til uinpliant succe.s-, and the public, Judg ing bj Its splendid patronage, Is aUo of the same opinion, Its luhcient merit and quality will win Its way to the top, as have Dr. Price's Cienm linking Powder ami flavoring extracts. EAJLET8. A ninn reasons to u conclusion, woman conclude. A The Prison .Mirror complains of the name "upright piano." It Is too often a downright shame. A Now York man told the courts that he could not live on less than $1,000 a year. We can't either, but we do. "Let a man marry just as soon as he cm support u wife," says Senator Do pew; or as soon as he can get one to support him, he might have added. The botanist who has discovered a now kind of rubber makes his an nouncement In the nick of time. The old kind Is about played out, even as a Joke. The llrooklyn merchant who claims to be In direct line of succession to the Servian throne has decided to retain his present position and woo longevity over the ribbon counter. Chinese bandits have kidnaped nil American and want ?u,000 ransom. It must be discouraging to a good, brisk American to bo marked down' to that llgure after what those Dulgnrlans wanted for Miss Stone. According to Dr. Uarion, the college man often resembles a gold brick. lie "represents n considerable cash Invest ment," and when it conies to a show down lie falls to make good. The good doctor Is rather severe on the blcoppy, bulldog-plpey, Greck-lettcr-fiatty, 'rub-'rab-'rali boy. It has not taken Japan long to get Into the ways of civilization. Less than live years ago the consular courts, such as the civilized nations maintain for the protection of their citizens In semi civilized countries, were nbollshed la Japan. This summer an International exposition Is lu progress In Osaka, with exhibits from various Occidental na tions, mid a surprisingly large display of Japanese products manufactured in the modern way. There has been no greater marvel In the Industrial and po litical history of the world than the conversion of the Mikado's empire from the standards of Asiatic stagna tion to western life. There are peo ple who believe that when China awakes the world will see a still great er marvel. Not long ago a New England elec trical engineer, who accidentally got a needle stuck Into his leg, twisted some wires about a piece of Iron and con nected the wires with a dynamo. Then with the magnet thus made, he pulled the bit of steel from the wound. About the same time an nppreiitlro In the Mare Island navy yard In California was Injured lu the face by some bits of steel from a broken tool. The sur geon failed to extract all the pieces, and the wound liillniued. The chief iliptrltlnti tin. n Inmrm-lHtiil n nintriiut ,,,,,,.,1,1., nr.i,,,, .1..., i,.li,lirmi .w.nn.iM Lml hold lt , front o( thu boy.g f(lW( whcn tUo remaining bit of steel Hew out of Hie wound as promptly as If lt had been sent for. Now If some one would Invent n magnet that would pull silvers out of a boy's fingers, thou sands of young Americans would rise nnd call him blessed. A now contribution has been made to the age-old discussion as to what Is the stronger force heredity or envir onment. The United States Hureaii of Education has Issued 11 pamphlet by Arthur McDonald, specialist, 011 "The Criminal, Pauper and Defective Classes." Mr. McDonald minimizes tho power of Jpcredlty. Ho Is optimistic lu the belief that Inherited tendencies may bo overcomo by proper surround ings. Crime, In his view, is mostly duo to association. The chief causes of crime nre outlined: Criminal parentage. Neglect by parents. Poverty. Evil associations. The saloon. Criminal parentage does not necessarily pro duce criminal offspring. It is tho early Impressions of the criminal family that start tho wrong tendencies. Theso ten dencies arc continued by evil associa tions, accentuated by poverty and for tified by tho saloon. If this Is true criminology thero Is liopo for society. Chango the surroundings of the child and you change Its nature. Hotter en vironment, contact with better people, education theso aro tho forces that will raise, tho submerged. And this Is no platitudinous theory. It Is true. It has been demonstrated. There are some persons so low no earthly forco can rnlso them. There Is no child bom so low but that It may bo raised. Advlco of tho "don't hurry" kind Is usually wasted upon people who have acquired the. "Chicago movement." Hut all the college, graduates will not live In Chicago. Many of them will avoid "the strenuous life." Where necessity does not appear to require their 11 ban donmeut of rural quietude and peace for city life they will bo wise enough m dwell close to nature's heart. Tho admonition of President Augell In his b.i ecu laureate address to tho Univer sity of Michigan undergrnduutCH, therefore, was not wasted. Ills protest against modern haste amounts to some thing more than a mere commence ment day homily. Its lutlueuce should extend far beyond the doors of .Michi gan's famous university, so thinks an editorial writer on the Chicago Iteo-ord-IIer.ild. It Is doubtless a fact that most of tho industrial and social Ills from which we a in suffering at this time may bo traced to tho splilt of haste and hurry that dominates nil activity, whether lu professional or In dustrial linos. The "hideous blunder ing" In medicine, dentistry, ph.iim.tcy mill other departments of service that call for long, patient nnd careful train ing, ns well ns the dllllcultles that dis turb tho Industrial world and airay labor nnd capital against each other, may nearly all bo attributed to the modern crazo to do things quickly, to jot 1 lull In a fovv years, to attain suc cess In tho professions without laying deep and securo foundations. This Is the hnsto of our tlmo against which President Augell filed his vigorous nnd earnest protest. Ills special plea was for an "assimilation" of the knowledge gained at the university. This knowl edge should not be merely packed away In the memory. It should be digested and made a part of the person receiving It. This requires time and pa tience, and It should be an Important function of the university to Inculcate this Idea. The duty of keeping the countij clean, snfe within and without, the abode of well-oidcred peace, a light to the nations, is laid upon the Americans of these times. The call to the young men especially not so thrilling nnd blood-stlriing as the summons to tho battlefield Is no whit less Imperative. The present dangers are capnble of becoming as deitdly dangerous as ills ruptloti Itself If they are not averted betimes, nnd the avei ting of them will need diligent and vigilant devotion. "The Union has been saved," yes, but what is the Union for? To establish Justice, Insure domestic trnnqullllty, provide ror the common defense, pro mote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves nnd to our posteilty. The enemies we have to diend now nnd to overcome If wo may nro busy lu our stock ex changes, labor balls, nt our hearth stone, In our own bosoms. It will bo no easy war; we have our woik cut out for us. The General synod of the Reformed Church In America has eliminated from the bride's response, in Its mar riage service, the .word "obey." As the Iteformed Church Is one of the re ligious bodies which believe In making their forms correspond with their com municants' belief, It probably feels that by tills action It has merely ratified the previous decision of the American wife, who has eliminated obedience from her rule of conduct. That the contractual theory of marriage has taken deep hold of the people Is evi denced by such acts ns this on the pint of religious bodli. Tlio sacra mental Idea In inatrlngo necessitates obedience nominally 011 the part of the wife; but ns a matter of practice It Is found, in such unions, that If the wife does not obey tlio husband, he has to obey her. The corollary of the contractual notion is divorce. And It Is the duty of the Reformed Church lu Amcrlcn, together with jtfiat of all oth er religious bodies that have abandon ed the Idea of authority lu marriage, to tell how they arc going to espouse the theory that man Inge is a contract, with no command or duty tu obey any where, and also maintain the thesis thnt divorce Is a gieiit evil. Undoubt edly American society Is Just now In the position of choosing between the old and the new, In this ns In many other tilings. .And those who see no security for the marriage Institution, no sure foundation for the family, out side of an adherence to and vindica tion of the solemn words, "love, honor nnd obey, till death do us part," nt least have consistency on their side. At commencement tlmo tho college graduate Is handed glittering strings of sterile platitudes by tho man who has never run a factory, managed a railroad, or built a bridge. As the col lege was not organized to teach young men how to do these things, It cannot bo expected that the learned gentlemen who deliver baccalaureate addresses arc going to discuss the best ways of doing them. The most that can be expected of them are the usual exhor tations to utilize the training received lu the attainment of the highest Ideals of citizenship. Tho question that con fronts the graduate, however, as soon as the Joyous glamor of commence ment has faded away Is, How Is he go ing to tit Into the great Industrial struggle a struggle that grows more strenuous as the years go by? How Is ho going to compete with the young man who has been learning a business while ho has been learning Greek or tho sciences for four years at college? Hero is whore advice will coino in handy. Strikingly original and refresh ingly practical Is the address of Dr. Draper, a man who lays great stress upon the Importance of relieving the minds of young men of the notion that eollego training Is n substitute for work. In his baccalaureate address to the graduates from 11 Stato university ho declared that tho reason for the present tendency of certain successful men to decry eollego education may bo found "lu the conceits of too many young eollego men and women; in their uuteacliiiblenesB nnd their un willingness to adapt themselves to tho present conditions nnd the details of the labor which alouo can build up suc cess." On tho question of work Dr. Draper said: "Work, tho sternly, per sistent doing of things upon 11 work able plan, Is tho'foundatlon of nil ordi nary accomplishments. If 0110 gets tho Idea that the things which ho has studied In tho books nro sufnclcnt to enable him to get on without persist ent doing of things his case Is hope less." lu other words, tho eollego grad uate must he willing to start "at thu bottom," trusting to his eollego train ing to Iiioum.su his vnluo and elllclency as ho glows into a business or voca tion. If ho Is not willing to do this ho I'J In gieat danger of becoming an "educated loafer." Although the nominating conventions will not be hold for n year, the cam palgn for the election of a President Is well uiidei way. The dally newspa pers me illln with dlscmslon of tlio iiviiilnblllt.v of candidates mid the 1 da tive Impoitniue of Issues. This Is not nn unusual condition. No sooner Is n President dieted than thu putty iiiiiua gem begin prepaiatlotis for tho next campaign, ihe people begin as soon as tho Piesldent U Inaugurated to dis cuss tho question whether he will bo a candidate for rcnonilnatloii. If tho Presidential term were eight years lu stead of four, the campaign would not begin actively so soon after the elec tlon; buflt would still begin, for It Is true In politics ns well as lu farming, that the pi Ice of success Is continuous application. As government In tho United States Is the business of the people, the kind of government they hnvo depends 011 the amount of atten tion they give to It. Tlio excrciso of thnt eteinnl vigilance which Is tho price of elllclency In tho public servlco Is wearying, and now and then 0110 wishes thnt tho President's term wero longer, or that the cittern were able to perform all his civic duties by n single act once In four years,' and then not be troubled by the matter till nnotlier Presidential election. The duty Is con tinuous. Not only does the Presidential campaign never end, but tlio Congres sional campaign as well Is lu progress all the time. The same rule prevails lu State, county, city, town and village government. It Is much like house keeping. When tlio breakfast dishes nie washed preparations for dinner begin, nnd when dinner Is over the table Is laid for supper. N'pvv nnd then a wotnnn, grown weary with the cares of her home, goes Into n hotel or a boarding-house where some one else or ders the meals; but In government the tendency Is nwny from the boarding house plan, because men prefer to de cide for themselves what cut of politi cal roast beef they shall have, nnd When their desserts shall be cabinet pudding and when Washington pie. It Is this nblllty to choose for one's self that constitutes political ns well as so. clal Independence. lt Is a problem, says the Haltltuore News, that menus tiuicli to the Indus, trial and phjslenl well-being iff n large portion of our population the problem of mastering nnd using the rainfall lu the Mississippi watershed, Instead of permitting It to go on 1111 annual ram page, a menace to the numerous popu lation sklttlng the bunks of the liver. There are arid lands along the course of the Missouri which need badly each season the flood water' sent down to swell the lower Mississippi foments In the early spring. In all the territory drained by tlio tipper Mississippi scarcely a season passes when there Is not a lack of rainfall at n critical time. Forests throughout thnt region have been swept away. Swamp land has been drained. Every channel Is open nnd free, and ns soon ns the winter snows melt the waters hurry over the frozen ground Into the livers, nnd there Is a flood. Scientists of to-day have found thnt not only are the for ests Important fn the preservation of life-giving moisture, but they 11N0 tend to pi event floods. liven the dust of the desert plays Its part, for nieterolo gists tell us that without It rain clouds would probably not form. Men, In their rush for wealth, seem to have de nuded the country of foiosts nnd de veloped n drainage system which means alternate flood and drought. It might be well If they would now try to learn something of the conditions under which nature will supply mols. tore without n deluge. Iliiuglug about these conditions would seem more ad vantageous to a symmetrical develop ment and much safer for dwellers up on great rivets. Levee building must be supplemented by more extensive at tempts to hold floid water where It falls. A recent story Is the study of tho character of a man who from youth has a conviction that he Is born to somo extrnoidlnnry experience. As he grows older the Idea becomes more sharply defined. The experience Is to be painful-nnd tragic, and Is to re move him from the plane of ordinary life. The Idea takes possession of him and dominates his career. He undertakes nothing of Importance, since It mny be Interrupted by catas trophe. He does not penult himself to love ho scarcely ventures on friendship because he believes him self marked for disaster. One wom an, to whom he confides his secret, shares his apprehension. At last, not long before her death, she perceives that the tragedy lurking for him Is niciely hesitancy, Inaction, Incapacity, brought about by the delusion nnd the fear which have been nurtured In his own Imagination. To tho victim him self the truth Is revealed when It Is too late for him to acquire any habit of life other than tho tremulous ami unnchlevlng one. He discovers his own hideous lack of feeling ami of will by tho sight of tho; sorrow-nun kod face of a man who has sounded the depths of human pain, nnd found even those to be better than the shallows of apathy. The story has Its lesson even for nn ago ns active us ours. We are not free from the bane of reluct ant fear lest feeling shall outrun mcro pleasure. The girl who will not love a pet lest she should lose It, the man who will not permit himself any share In religious enthusiasm lest he should "lose his head," tho wnmnii who will undertake no social reform for fear sho become too much Involved lu It for her own comfort theso nre some of the cowards of our day. Along with their lack of courage there often goes a subtlo egotism, which they fancy sets them apart from "the common herd," but which Is almost sure to meet Its final defeat lu tho discovery thnt those powers which wero believed to be nbovo tho aveiago wero really below It, and thnt obscurity Is the only catastrophe likely to fall upon so Ignoble a nature. Everybody llkis to read about the boy who tries. George M. Posey, of Indianapolis, Is that kind of 11 boy. Tluee j ears ngo George was n lad of HI years. He was almost without edu cation, behg bniely nblo to read and write. His occupation was that of driver for a butcher, and be earned sufllcleiit to support himself and his aged grand nun her. Ho had a filend, tho Itev. lliiuis Jenkins, who saw In the boy 11 diamond In tho rough. Tim picncher encouraged George to educate himself. The boy gave up his position as dilver and stinted to attend school. Almost a man lu slc, he entered the classes with tho smallest chlhlien. To earn n living ho began selling news pnpcis. Then he oiganlzed a system of delivery by which he was able to employ n nuuihp' of other boys. Ills business was rapidly placed on a pay ing basis. In the three yeais' time George had innsteied the studies nee- cssniy to enter college, Including the J Latin and Greek. Meantime tho grand mother, whom ho tenderly oared for died. Now young Posey has sold his delivery routes for n good price and will enter 'Kentucky University, where his former preacher friend, Mr. Jen kins, Is president, Ho will tnko a four years' classical course. Then ho will go to Harvard Law School. Ho ex pects to earn his living while he gets his education, Thnt boy will succeed. Ho has conquered success already. 1 I I ijBli ::MmmmSmm E& Vt nYklK ti ? itio$2B!wBamwmmmmmm 1 :'v M4PHlV?B iA Jfif iiiHI ,V "MiV--.': ;.,:,'.,., : BSwlllaHHDWMRliBI JHlWB's's's's's's's's's's's's's's's's's's's's's's'H MR. E. H. GARY, Director of the Merchants' Loan and Trust Company. When aked how he had accomplished so much Inside of tluee years, he slid: "Hy pushing nil the time." That's It. Have you noticed how, when there Is n crowd to get through, If you will push, nnd keep pushing, the crowd will git out of your way nnd you will forge to the front of lt? George Posey pushed his way through school. He will pusi' tils way through college and law school. He will push to the front as a lawyer. Verily, verily, young man of such Is the kingdom of success. MR. E. M. Director of the Merchants' Uncle Sam moves so quietly and swiftly that very few peoplo would be aware of the woik going on nt the new fortifications If It were not for the newspapers, l'or the past two yea is at Cushlug's and at Great Dia mond Islands tvyo of the most mod ern and strongest forts on the Atlan tic seaboard have been In process of construction. They nre the results of the highest engineering skill In the land. The fortifications embody the " jy.HiS AHimM. 1 "..'-siiMh . u i ' j' Ammmff m. AaWkmlmmmmmmmmmWftiir- h 1t xEi.inikii IBflBJBHBnKJ , . BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBvBHHHBBBBBBBBBB& QBjBfnBJMA.J'BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB'. IPBBJ, BBBBBBBBBBBBm BHUtMHM.HPY'V'tH BBBBBmfraTrsVALBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBJBrv.rV '1 HBMHw-jIl vHshHbbv WWWu amBWRTW(.9' Kivm. &e3Bfa 2isHf ,,toiiv7m4tm'i. t'rwafzfla'v i&nm'm. if " ?va. .r. - .;,ifvxu v:. ;r :".j?h i-j.;'4ssa;,. j MR. MARSHALL FIELD, Director of the Merchants' Loan and Trust Company. latest and most approved points la military const! uctlon nnd both fort mount bnttirks of the largest guns In the world. When completed Port land.' Me.', will be the most strongly fortified port In America, and as a stintegle point one of the most Im portant In the country. Oct leal gentlemen who assume to sit In Judgment upon other clergymen, not even of their own denomination. -.-, BARTON, Loan and Trust Company. need to be reminded that there Is an eleventh commandment, which Is of gieat value even though It was not graven on tho Slnnltlc tablets. It reads: "Mind your own business." It mny not add to King Peter's com fort when lie reflects that the sumo clement that so tragically separated King Alexander from the crown has placed It upoii the head of the new monarch. i i-i.. r ,,'.. . ' ,.' OvA -, ..i'.b.,, ftf , Ag-ad v .'.! X . SJW Hfrg l f jj1 JUSsiliJ". fci.'.yMTW .