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-'wr- THE OHIOAOO HSA.OLES. 5S . " 1"" " f.,i .- r r- i x rV? Nsr Zi i"i i (n - " liwH-vSaai'TaT kcr ''wwjaT-iaiTaai HOW DISEASE IS BEING CONQUERED. By Or. Andrew Wilton, nil An announcement of much sclcntltlc Interest J5 appeared In the newspapers recently In the shape iy of details concerning a remedy for that common Wl and often dangerous ailment, scarlet fever. Its Jy promulgator, a Dr. Mosor, of Vienna, Is cahgulno W concerning Its value In cutting short the ailment. t He has selected a certain microbe which occurs In H scarlet fever, and which he regards ns likely Bfi ,0 represent the jrorm of the disease. This organ ism Is artificially cultivated so ns to Insure the purity of Its stock, and to avoid the possibility of the Intrusion of other species of germs. When a pure culture has been obtained It Is used to inoculate nn animal. As a result, there appears to bo developed In the animal's blood a pecu liar prlnclplo which Is known as an "antitoxin." The word "scrum" Is a term applied to the tluld part of the blood In all nnlmnls-lt Is, Indeed, tho blood minus Its corpuscles. Hence It Is In the serum that the antitoxin Is found, and this last Is developed ns tho direct result of the growth and multiplication In It of the germs used for Inoculation. When the antitoxin tnken from the animal's blood Is nicd ns an Injection Into the tissues of a human being attacked by the disease, It has the effect of modifying the ailment. The development of the microbes In the body of one animal produces n principle which Is fatal to their growth In the body of another and different nnlmnl. Vac cination Itself exemplltles such n process, for smallpox natter, modified by Its transition through tho calf, nppears as vaccine lymph, which Is' used for protection against smallpox attack. Ho that, In reality, we nro thus causing microbes that arc capable of producing disease to tight their own kith and kin. It Is work of this kind which wo may hope has been accomplished for tho euro of scarlet' fever. Wo have serums now In use for tho cure of diphtheria, typhoid fever, cholera, lockjaw and plague. That for diphtheria hat had a long and extensive trial both In hospitals and In private practice. The results have been most gratify ing. The dlsense, a terrible malady, as we all know, can 'be mastered by the use of the serum In a fashion possible under no previous mode of treatment. Many a poor little sufferer has had amplo cause to bless the progress of bac teriological science which has placed the antitoxin In the physicians' hands. The nntl-typhold scrum Is still on Its trial, but here ngnln the outlook Is hopeful. Tbero Is like wise a cholera untltoxln. the use of which has been tested with success In India. are taught In the nursery and the schoolroom; that deal with bows and smiles, knives and forks, demeanor In the street, and politeness In the home; we nrc probably as well behaved as ever we were; but It Is In our general conduct that wo seem, as a nation, to bo deteriorating. Just think of tho difference there Is between the con ditions of society at the beginning of the twentieth cen tury nnd those that existed In tho seventies. Croquet was Just beginning to give way to lawn tennis. Clolf was un dreamed of as a gamo In which women might Join As to cricket, hockey, and football, they were then men's games. Hut now girls play them nil. Girls pride themselves on being mnnly, Just ns our nice young mothers nnd our grand mothers before them prided themselves on being gentle, feminine creatures. They overdid It. They thought It tho correct thing to scream If they saw a mouse, nnd to faint If a finger bled. And our girls overdo tho manliness Juat ns our mothers overdid the femininity. Aro good manners generally declining? Or Is It only here and there that we notice a roughness, nnd because It contrasts with tho rest, accuse the whole? Is It really true that men nro less pol ished, women louder of voice and more self-nsertlvc? ROBERT J. REHSHAW Painting and Decorating 1438 Wellington Street. Telephone 141 Lake View, LUTHIPt LOOMIt President WILLIAM LOOMlB JAS. A. HOOAN Vloe President Cen'l Mgr. and teo'y 0 THE NEED OF RULES OF ETIQUETTE. By fir. Mumnhr. To those who desire to mnko their way In so ciety, Its laws must be known nnd observed. It Is n fairly laudable ambition, that of attaining and holding a respectable rank In life; and If the mlnutlnc of the process appear to bo childish mid silly to minds occupied with matters of inorp mo ment, they are reully no more so than the first steps In any other pursuit tho faltering notes of the student of piano or violin, the totterlmr ulcus of the child learning to walk, the unwieldy stitches set In by the novice tit tho needle. "Good manners nre tho fruit of noble mind." somebody ays; but what measure of mentnl nobility will suiiii-n to Instruct the unlearned In the mysteries of the dinner tnble? uoou manners nre much more the fruit of being accustomed to move In wealthy circles than any direct consequence of possessing n nobla mind. Etiquette naturally divides Itself Into two seetlo me that deals with good umnnerH of the superficial, every day kind; and tho other thnt concerns tactful behavior. A man or woman may bo perfectly equipped with the out waul forms of courtesy and yet convey studied Insults by look, or tone, or manner. In fact, It has often been said that no one can bo so execrably rude ns a woman of tho highest society who can administer a snub In a manner In which no fault can bo found on the scoro of politeness. So far ns superficial manners nro concerned, those thnt PROBLEM OF THE DUST OF THE AIR. Br Andrew Wlhon. i The publication of Tyndnll's Instructive book Kj entitled "The Floating Matter of the Air." marked LI an era not only In respect of science at large but fjl also In respect of many problems of public health. Kf The demonstration of the nlr as a "stirabout" of W floating dust particles opened the eyes of thoo JL who rend to tho enormous dust cloud which is Bk comprised In the great air ocean that surrounds our globe. "Dust and disease" has become n phrase which we accept because of the demonstration that the latter often arises out of the former. We nrc safe In saying thnt If we could abolish dust we should find many diseases to disappear. It would be a gross mistake to sup pose that dust Is universally dangerous. Much of It con sists of mineral particles; some of It Is represented by shreds of our clothing; some of It Is dead particles derived from the bodies of animals and plants; some of It represents the germs or spores of molds and yeasts and other form of lower plant life; and some of It finally consists of disease producing microbes. Of the universal diffusion of dust nothing need be said. We only escape contact with It If we go to tho mountain tops, or flush our lungs with tho air of tho open sen. When wc enter the abodes of men our Invasion by dust particles Is full nnd complete. In n cubic meter of air taken from the open sea or mountain tops there were found only six or ten germs. In old houses In I'nrls the quantity found was 70,000 and over. In our grent centers of population we have to fnee a perpetual bombardment by dust particles of nil species. .Sweeping arrangements of ordinary kind only distribute them. The same may bo said of tho household sweeper and the familiar duster. Thoro Is displacement of dust, but no destruction. Even the corners of our rooms nnd the crevices of our cornices nro harbors of refuge for the dust atoms. That Is why In hospitals there nre no oiil-Ios In the walls, but rounded surfaces Instead. Tho plan of the housewife who uses damp tea leaves preparatory to her swooping down with her broom or sweeper Is a concession to an old Idea. For so long ns dust Is kept wetted It Is not dangerous. It Is found thnt flushing the streets Is n vastly superior process to sweeping them. The dust cart Mioiild Im ii thing of tho past. Especially In summer should Hushing bo carried out. Jt Is then that dirt dries and be comes dust. It Is then nlso that we get food tainted', nnd especially milk, with the result that the little children die off In thousands from Infantile cholera, due "to the tainting of their food. If to water disinfectants nre added wc ren tier ourselves doubly safe. In the future we shall find the housewife denllng with dust ns science recommends. I read nlso of a system of cleaning carpets and other things by sucking tho dust out of them by a vacuum process. Let us bethink ourselves of n crusade against dust. Once undertaken, tho grievous tlmo represented by the "spring cleaning" may become a thing of tho pnst." ILLINOIS STONE CO.. Dimension and Rubble Stone QUARRIES AT LEHONT. Main Office, cor. 22d and Lumber Sts. TELetHOHE CANAl IJe. Vitrei No. I. Yard No. a. 22d Lumber 8ta. CH ICAOO Eltton b., 1 Blk. North Dliltioi Tal. Canal 136. Tel. Monroe eoi. OLDEST LIVING MINISTER ' NEARS THE CENTURY MARK r I AlvVvl it a. Ti m it r f jj s M4y$kM7 VCleBBBBV Rev. William Howe, D. D of 010 Massachusetts avenue, Cambridge, Mass., la 07 years old. It Is believed thnt Dr. Howe Is the oldest living clergyman In this country. For n mnn of bis ago ho Is re- nmrkab'.o active. Only a few weeks ngp Dr. Howo out dated at the funer al of J. 8. Paine, the well known furnlturo manufac turer. Dr. Howe observ- bkv. wi. iiowk. ed his DOtn blth day last year by preaching for fifty minutes without notes at the Uroad way Baptist Church. Cambridge. lie was born In Worcester, and re ceived an academic education In Am herst academy. He graduated from Colby University, then named Water Vlllo College, In 1833, and from the Newton Theological Seminary In 1830. Following his studies at Newton he established a circuit of eight mission schools In Boston, One was In a sail loft on Commercial street, from which developed the Baptist Bethel on Han over street. From another mission on Friend street came the Union Baptist church. Dr. Howo was ordained to the ministry at Dr. Malcom's church, then on Federal street, now the pres ent Clarendon Street church. From 18(13 to 18T0 he was pastor of the Broadway Baptist church, Cambridge. He was one 'of the originators of the Boston Associated Charities, and was a member of the Boston School Board. THE WEALTH OE THE WORLD IS ESTIMATED TO BE $400,000,000,000 THE total wealth of tho world, while not exactly known, has been esti mated at $400,000,000,000, sajs (lunton's Mngnzlnc. This is probably an underestimate of the actual amount of money and property In seml-elvlllxcd lands. Of this total the greater part Is owned by Ameri cans and Europeans. Tho United States has somewhere near $100,000,000,000, or nbout one-fourth of tho whole. The united kingdom Is the richest country of Europe, Its wealth being estimated nt 11,800,000,000 or 302 per capita. Of tho total England's share was 10,002,000,000; Scotland's 1,004,000,000; Ireland's, 030,000,000, In American money (at $4.80 pound sterling) Great Britain's wealth In 1805 was $50,008,800,000. A recent estimate makes It $00,000,000,000, or $1,442 per capita (In 1001). Tho annual Income of Eng land's population Is said to be $r.,G00,000,000, while the yearly saving Is $1,048,000,000. It should be remembered that a largo amount of British capital is nlso Invested In tho colonies of the empire and In foreign lands. Franco Is tho next richest nntlou of Europe. Mulhnll estimated Its wealth In 1803 at 0,000,000,000, or 252 per capita. A recent estlmato of France's wealth makes $48,000,000,000, or $1,257 per capita (1001). According to Mul hnll Germany's wealth In 1805 was 8,052,000,000, or 130 per capita. Prus sia's share was more than half (4,040,000,000); Bavaria's, 040,000,000; Snx on 's, 450,000,000; Wurtteraburg's, 37,00.000, whllo tho smaller Uennun stites bad 1.337,000,000. According to n more receut estlmato Germany's wealth Is $40,000,000,000, or $700 per capita (1001), German money loaned or Invested nbroad amounts to $8,000,000,000 or more. Russia's wealth In 1805, as Mulhnll estimated It. amounted to 0.425,000,000, or. 01 per capita. A recent estlmnte places Russia's wealth at $32,000,000,000, or about $200 per capita (estimating the population In 1801 at 108,000,000). COATSKIN CHURNS USED BY THE PERSIAN NOMADS A method so primitive that It Is al most unknown elsewhere Is still used 49bfAsbWsVbbbbbtV 'acv "-wCfBSSl SBBVBVBSMn-. jBaBBBS.BBBBBBSH J tigSBBTBBBSPSBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBn-( "gpVBQTLjawsiEepBBk jAW ffZlXmrS9? dumped. Then It Is rocked gently by bund until tho separation of the fat from the milk Is complete, when the resultant oily mass, unsalted as Is all oriental butter, Is ready for tho consumer. There are few more Interesting peo ple, In these days of rapid progress, than tho Persian nomad. His home Is where night overtakes him, nnd he sleeps when weariness suggests that ho fall. Ordinarily his roof Is heav en's starry dome, but In case of storms he crawls Into the shelter of bis little goatskin tent, where a surprisingly large family can be made comfortable. The Persian, like tho Moor, sdoes not encourage the establishment of prisons, death being a quicker and less expensive method of punishing crimi nals. Torture In countless forms Is so common a sight as to attract little at tention, and when death supervenes the body lies where It falls until taken away by relatives. TEA GROWING IN TEXAS. tmmmvn or raaiu. by Am tlST It fwasM a la la caaiatag f taa foatakla tsa mamsia, ait i tft'saaa Is aid to Bs Promising- Fruit is California. L. Beabrook, of Port Lavaca, ona.ot the Southern Pacific Immigration workers, states that practical steps will m taken to start tea culture In the vtclalty of Port Lavaca, says the Gal veston (Tax.) News. "Tta growing In this country Is no longer an aiperlment," said he. "The crop la now regularly cultivated for tno markets on the coast of South Carolina and la found to bo highly profitable and has coma to star. Tat la a plant that thrives to bast advant age la eoatt cauntlrsa, where there la a oaaat atmasebare, and aa tears are away ajmllar potato In a ritaudc asaaa stwssa tat Carolina lowland raft nnd tho Texns coast It hns long been thought that tho crop could bo made to pay wiii us. "The first experiment will bo mnilo on lands of tho Placedo Canal and Ir rigation Company, eight miles nbovo Port Luvaca, and innnnged by Ross Clark. , "There Is n greater rainfall on the Carolina coast than nt Port Lnvnca, and tho rulo Is ttyit tho ntmosphere Is mora humid, but tho company has nn amplo rlco irrigation plant and In dry spells tho rainfall will bo supplement ed with artificial water. Dr. Shcpard, the famous Carolina tea grower, be lieves in irrigation nnd recommends It. If tho crop proves a success at Port Lavaca, nnd doubtless It will, a labor supply In tho picking seuson cnu be depouded upon, for negro women and children can be had In adjoining counties, and Mexican labor, also wo men and children, can be brought In from Corpus Chrlstl nnd other poiuts farther south on the coast. "The experiment to be made near Port Lavaca will be watched with In terest over the State, for lta success will mean a new and highly profitable crop added to the list and big increase In tho land values of the const coun try." Mr. Seabrook said the facts aro to bo, had and that tea farming as a moosmaking means will equal any fruit orchard In Florida or California. . Foreigners past -Register, The Spanish government haa revived tae regulation requiring forelgaan real, daat In or visiting Spain to register tats names at their eontulatea, About the safe gt-rtti sjsjIaH Mb w la to saarrjr aa bauoaa. , tJ.44.JAJ-AAAJ!.l1 .,.a.4,4.44.4a,4,4.4.a.4.4 f4 UfHEELER k WILSON OL. II IHU II IS I gjw ST!9lfMBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBnWY-lk mivmbbBbbBbbBbbbv'ax I'-aMaDBBaVsVLsBBwiS III st JfI I "l" MACHINES Arc known throughout the world. - They arc in daily use in factories, in Ivmes sewing all grades of work, horn heavy leather to finest mull. Not How Cheap But How Good! Slimdd be your guide in purchasing a Sewing Machine and do not be satisfied without first giving the "No. 9" a trial. Wheeler & Wilson Manufacturing Co. 72 & 74 Wabnar- f.v-4.. Chlcaaro. Ills. jfTtfOffTTTttTTTTTTTTTTTW:TTyrTWWt1t'rftTW'tt PRa-D W. UPHAM, President. O. O. AOLIP), See. and Troaa rmntosi, laks view laa. HENRY E. BRANDT, Paints and Wali Paper, 440 4 44 Lincoln Avcmu. s.intinsj, Paparhaknsjinsjr and Dajsjearamtliiai. Fred W.Uptiam Lumber Co. WISCONSIN HARDWOOD FWU: Is. 419 rtaat . AvM ssr. lliltk Its. "iSOTl WM. LORIMBR, Prss. and Tress. WM. J. MURPHY, See. J. J. McKENNA, Vice-Pros. Murphy & Lorimer Brick Company 639 Rookery Building, Chicago Yards Archer and California Aves. Telephone Office, Harrison 933. iSSBOTGSEfe CEMfNT PAVING 177 LA ST. SALLE CHICAGO TILIPHONE CINTRAL 2BG4. JOS. J. DUFFY. M. J. SCANLAN JOSEPH J. DUFFY S CO., GENERAL CONTRACTORS , 907 Chamber of Commerce. Telephone Main 4688. MIMA Red Elephant Spiff f On Sale Everywhere. "TIN fllM TURK III IIN Mori" "Yn Km." f 'IbEh ') 2 1 a A , V ROOM 1470, OLD COLONY BUILDING Phone Harrison 781. I A ! A 41 1 i REE HT OMCES WEST SIDE BUREAU I to 9 South Canal Street TELEPHONE MA.IIS OOl I : NO CHARGES OF ANY KIND MADE TO EMPLOYER OR EM- ; PLOYE FOR FURNISHING ALL KINDS OF EMPLOYMENT FOR MALE OR FEMALE HELP. ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY 1 1 ATTENDED TO S. P. REVERE, Superintendent .l.i..l....l.4i.i-..4HK.....fc FURNITURE! Carpets, Stoves, Crockery, Rugs, Brass and Iron Beds, Lace Curtains and Shades. Cheapest Cash House in the City) HENRY STUCKART, 2509 to 25 I 9 Archer Ave. PHONB YARDS 37. CHAS. G. BREYER PlumberGasfitter 187 W. DIVISION ST., Near Milwaukee Av. Telephone Monroe 575. House Draining a Specialty. Dealer in All Kinds Gas Fixtures. Jobbing Promptly Attended To Tanner & Conley, MERCHANT TAILORS First-Class Work at Moderate Frioes. REAPER BLOCK 99 Washington Street, CHICAGO TIUIPHONE CINTRAL 084. W. M. HOYT COMPANY, WHOLESALE GROCERS 1 turoBTua aid iwini et TEASI fcU5.U9icttuinmii!ttiML . t - KHilsttBtt- "Vf --'a -fesfe .'fi-,i, A