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THUOHIOAQO S3 -A. O UBS.
REORGANIZATION OF ARMY AND NAVY. nmSY If vV vsVViawfltv'x PNtiNBHaV'SLr ft IV7 'ft JIM HEr it iSm V iii:.M) or Tin: NAVY. HEAD OP TUB AUMY. r OU the rtr.t time In tho history of the United State army It iiiethoil of administration has lieen radically reorganized, nnd If Coupe at It next session takes the action now expected of It. n slnill-ir re- organisation will be applied to the nary. In thin respect we have followed. and Dot. as has liecn our custom, led, Europe. By the term of the meaMirn known as the general staff hill, passed at the last spmIou of emigres, the army will .henceforth lie controlled liy the 1'resldent nnd Secretary of War through a general staff, and not through a general In chief, as heretofore. Thli measure, which went Into effect a week after the retirement of Lieu tenant General Miles, will have far-reaching conoitipm-cH, especially In time of peace, hut while this Is appreciated by the people at large, they nro somewhat In the dark regarding the workings of the new measure and the duties devolving upon the goncr.nl staff and upon Its head, Lieutenant Ocneral Young. In the language of the hill Itself, "the duties of the general staff corps hall he to prepare plain for the national defene and for the mobilization ot the military forces In time of war: to Investigate and report upon all questions niTectlng the cltlclency of the army and Its state of preparation r military operations; to render professional aid and nsslstnucu to the Hecretary ctf War and to general olllcers nnd other superior commanders, and to act as their agents In Informing and co-ordinating the nctlon of all the different olllcers who are subject under tho terms of this act to the chief of staff: and to perform such other military duties not otherwise assigned by law as may he from time to time prescribed by tho President." The terms of this section may Indeed he considered sweeping. Under them In time of peace the general staff will make n rigid Investigation of all branches of tho service, will gather data regarding th military resources of the powers, will plan Imaginary campaigns and will study thu cllmntc. topography, etc., of foreign countries, so that, should occasion arise, tho head of the army will Unit available all the Information necessary to the conduct of a cam paign abroad. The theory on which the general staff will work Is that pre paredness for war Is the best guarantee of peace, nnd that the powers, know ing that we have taken steps to put tho study of military defense on a scien tific basis, will he restrained from any hasty nctlon. RUFU8 YOUNG. HANDY WHEN YOU GO CAMPING. mi I JzC' mt The average American boy often feels the desire to get Into the wild. Sometimes he Is able to fulfill the de sire. When he In, he should be con gratulated, for the life of tho well regulated camps is a Joy unknown to the cooped-up city man. The tent Is the Important feature, nd a ffood one Is absolutely neces sary. Otherwise the camper will be nhiMt to unexpected duckings, or may wake up to find himself without cover In a windstorm. The camp nro is another Important consideration. Several styles are used, depending on the locality. A good Are placo Is built of stones, piled one on top of the other In circular thane. The .. t.twen the atones furnish draft. The stones retain heat and the win civo greater heat and burn , . iun in tim nnen bonfire. To hang kettles, uprights nnd crosspleces, i shown, will bo found useful. a aimnlo table can be made from fenco boards or from tho cover of a nifklne box. aa shown. -.. ...i,nhu fnr all lwiulrementa viuw r.uii. -- -, miis own. re made by driving crotched sticks r PIcturCt ,f Into the grounu nnu pmcing mo stretcher-made cot (a piece of canvas He wed on two poles) Into the crotches. Another slmplo cot Is shown In the il lustration. BUILD UP GREAT EMPIREa Ballroaita tho Instruments of Crest Inn Wealth and Tower. Just tifty years have passed slnco tuo ground was platted on which the Beattlo of to-day stands. Just about the snmo length of timo has passed Hinco tho state of which It is tho me tropolis was organized as n territory. In the case of each of them, how ever, the real growth has been but ro ront. and It has been largely n crea tion of tho railroads. Although Wash ington was organized as a territory In 185.1, It had only 11,000 Inhabitants In 1800. 21.000 In 1870 and 75,000 in 18S0. Then came n Jump to .140.000 In 1800 nnd to 51S.000 In 1000. The spring from tho 75,000 mnrk to It 10,000 be tween 1880 and 1S0O wnH duo to the fact that Vlllard's Northern Pucltlc railroad, which was completed In 1SS.1, bad connected that Stato with tho out nldc world In tho Intervnl. Throughout tho whole of the West nnd of course through tho East and South also the railroads have exerted a beneficent Influence, although Its ef fects nro not quite so mnrlcea on all communities ns they hnvo been on Washington and Its leading city. At tho outset Seattle's expansion was so Klow that as recently as 1SS0 Its popu lation was only .'I.W.O. It has a line location on nn arm of Paget Sound, through which tho Asiatic and Alaska trade of a largo part of tho continent Is pouring, nnd through which in Im measurably larger quantity will pour u few years hence. Tho lumber Indus try, which has had much to do with the growth of Its State, also contrib uted greatly to .Seattle's advancement. It Is tho railroads, however, which have been the chief Instrument in that Northwest city's expansion. Tho North ern Pacific road opened In 1883, sent that town's population up from 3,500 in 18S0 to 42,000 In 1800. and it was 80,000 in 1000. Probably the increase In tho current decade will bo greater than It was In the post ten years. The entire West is growing at a rate not touched in the decade which had the JSOa-7 panic In It. The new North west la getting a large share of this growth, and as the trade with Asia and Alaska la bound to Increase with great rapidity In the approaching time Washington, Oregon and California, es pecially Washington, are cure to ac quire a much greater importance among tho commonwealths than they possess now. nud tills ascendency will no snared In u particularly large do grco by their great centers of Industry and commerce. St. Louis Globc-Dcm ocrut. MISERY'8 MILLIONS. Lost Religions of "the Qreat Al.jso" In London. London's wealth, says Men nnd Women, Is ever before us. It takes care that it shall be. But London's poverty Is hidden nwny In vast areas of agony with which rank and wealth and fashion nro as unfamiliar ns they uro with Franz Joseph Lnnd or Cen tral Africa. Tho moment that a small contingent from the mean streets of working class London reveals Itself to tho eyes of the west thcro Is an outcry. Fashion turns shudderlug away and complains of the men with the begging boxes; wealth buttons Its pockets and calls upon the authorities to withdraw their countcnanco and tho bodyguard of polleo from "a pack of Impostors." And fashion and wealth are perhaps wise In their protest. If these unemployed workers are allowed to parade in search of sympathy we may one day ace nil the lost legions of "tho great abyss" crawling forth from the alleys and tho slums to give the west an object lesson on the poverty that the great city hides away In its nooks and crannies. The women and tho children, the one room helots of unspeakable slums, the diseased and desperate outcasts of our great guilt gardens, may form up In one mighty mass of misery and surge Into the crowded thoroughfares and aristocrat ic streets, which fashion regards as Its own. you can, London given up for one day, not to the gay page ants which on great occasions gladden our eyes and make our hearts swell with prldo at tho vastness of our em pire nud the splendor of our court, but to a dead march of London's lost ones. Crowd balcony and windows wltb rank and fashion, with tho world of wealth and the middle class well-to-do, give to the fair maidens nnd ma trons who lead a Ufa of pleasure nnd of ease the front places on tho lino of route. Then let the millions of Misery Lnnd creep by! Such a spect acle, If It could bo nrniuged, would be u revelation which would shock tho national conscience ns it has never been shocked before. From tho win dows and tho bnlconles tho women of luxury would shrink bad; trembling, whlto faced, torrlllcd. And the men, tho busy gatherers of gold and tho Idle squanderers of It, would feel a shame that no written story of tho city's want nnd woo has over nindo them feel before. F.veu as ono pic tures what such a hconu as this pro-i-ohslon would mean, one feels the hor ror of It. For tho comfort of tho pros pcroiM citizen that sort of thing must bo kept within Its own nrca, to bo looked upon only by those who nro of the company of woe. A Man Who 1'ns.ed Ills Life la Btel I nit llnroes. The career of Unfit Young, the horse thief who died nt the Itutland coun ty Jail yesteiday, says the Itutland Herald, Is typical enough to be more than n curiosity. It Is no sporadic case. Years ago In New York State he ran a hotel; but this was only bis avocation. Ills vocation was that qf a horse thief. Ills hotel was only a side Issue, lie was the lender of a gang of men who picked up other peo ple's horses nnd sold them. It could hardly be said that Young had n pas sion for making money, lie never mnde any amount of money nt stealing horses, nnd he spent at least thirty two years of his life In prison as a penalty for plying his trade. He sim ply had a propensity for taking horses wherever found. He probably never tried to break Into a Jewelry store nor a bank, nor was he eve known to hold up n lonely traveler or to adroitly "touch a man's leather for his money." Young was after horses, and be wanted to sell them, too, the mo ment he captured one. He finished a twenty-two year terra In prison less than two months ago, and probably half a dozen times between thut and bis death he broke Into barns In search of horses. We would say that Young was men tally sick. Wo do not think that he was amenable to religious Instruction. So far ns horses are concerned, ho had no cense of right and wrung. He was beyond the InnuiMce of prayer or mor al tuition. He needed a doctor rather than a minister. Why should he not have been placed In a hospital for in curables rather than In a prison? Scientists tell us that the criminal Ira pulse runs In families. Young's dis ease, if we mny so term it, may have been a case of atavism, a revival or recrudescence of n criminal disposi tion that could bo traced back to bis ancestors. In that event the person to punish would be Young's great-grandfather, perhaps, nnd not him. He need ed medical treatment and care. We wonder whether the world will so de velop In Wisdom on these matters that the Insane criminals will be eventually separated from the vicious and placed where they cannot harm tho community. ITEMS OF INTEREST the finest livery stables in Chicago ire those of the Frio Livery, 100 to 201 tirie street, and UW to 170 Ontario street. The proprietor, Mr. William A. Ulnklus, Is one of the best known and 'est Uked horsemen In the country. He has recently purchased nnd has subject to call the tlnest Imperials, Kronen leather heads, Victorias and nndau carriages In Chicago. Ills broughams, coupes and hansom -ubs nre the best. His horses nre first-class, with ru'b 'ter shoes; they never slip. Ills drivers nre well dressed, sober, ourteoua and reliable. Telephone 107(1 North. One of the best-liked and most pop alar business men In Chlcngo Is Tom N Donnelly, the Jeweler, at 118 Denrborii street Mr. Donnelly enjoys the con tdeiice aud patronage of the very best ,M'ople In Cnlcugo. and If ynu want tin 'hi goods, In watches. d'a 'onds aud lewelry, at reasonable prices, the man 'o patronise Is houest Tom Donnelly, at UN Dearborn street. Our Schools Must Be Sanitary There Is no better beer brewed In the world thnti the fnr-fnmed "Bxtru" Beer brewed by the Brand Brewing Com pany, nt 1251 Blston avenue. The beer bottled by the Independent Brewing Association, the Ernst Broth ers' famous plant, is the finest In the country. Order It for your residence. Phone. North (145. B. J, Wbllcr & Co. Is one of the larg est and most reliable (Inns nt present eturnired In the commission business In this city. All who have business with them ore perfectly .safe lu their hands, nnd sure of elllclcut services nnd hon orable treatment. For wines nnd liauors, Keating & Mnhony, the well-known Importers nnd wholesale dealers In this line of goods, nro ninong the foremost In the country for value as well ns the excellence of tbolr goods. A Chicago girl went fishing nnd caught n pair of trousers containing ?S.1. That's nothing. Miss (JoeletN angling lias lauded u whole suit of clothes containing a duke with a rent r II of 100,000 a year nnd n string of titles ns long as her own petite self. TENNESSEE WHISKY EVERYBODY GET HAPPY! Loosen Up Some Call for OLD CASCADE" THE BEST MADE Cures a Cold in a Minute Removes Pain Sells While We Sleep ii THOMPSON BROTHERS OWNER8 OF SIDNEY LUCAS SOLE DISTRIBUTORS CHICAGO TRIBUNE BUILDING 'Phone 2369 Central NEW YORK J?"" " BUFFALO TENNES8EE WHISKY THK The modern school is nothing If not sanitary. It has sanitary plumbing, sanitary ventilation, saultnry play grounds, nnd sanitary blackboards. And Its sanitary anxiety for Its pupils Is beyond all praise. Here Is a dial gue of the period, the speakers, of course, being teacher and scholar: "Tommy, have you been vaccinat ed?" "Yes, ma'am." "Have you had your vermiform ap. pcndlx removed?" "Yes, ma'am." "Do you use sterilized milk?" "Yes, ma'am." "Is your home connected with the city sewer?" "Yes, ma'am." "Have you shed all your milk teeth?" "All but one." "Have you a certificate of Inocula tion for the croup, chicken-pox, and measles?" "Yes, ma'am." "Is your lunch put up In Dr. Koch's patent antiseptic dinner pall?" "Yes, ma'am." "Have yeu your own sanitary slate- rag nnd disinfected drinking cup?" "Yes, ma'am." "Do you wear a camphor bag round your throat, a collapsible life belt, nnd Insulated rubber heela for crossing the trolley line?" "All of these." "Have you a pasteurized certificate of baptism?" "Yes, mn'am." "And a life Insurance, nonforfeitable policy against the encroachments of old ngo?" "Yes, ma'am." "Then you mny bang your cap on the Insulated peg set opposite your dis tinguishing number, climb Into your sent, nnd proceed to learn along san itary lines." Selected. NOW READY. THE MANY ADVENTURES OF Foxy Grandpa! g Including all the merry pictures contained In the two volumes, entitled "Adventures of. Foxy Grandpa" and "Further Adven tures of Foxy Gradpa." NEW YORK CLIPPER finalist Theatrical Paptr (JCO. i in Hmcricui Phone North 1116. poraont, Intorootad In tl;o happanlnge In ttln MUSEMENT WORLD Cannot afford to he without It. UBHrO WKEKLY, S4.03 PER YEAH. aiNQLK COPY. IO CENTS. For Sol by ell .Newsdealers In ell parte ui itisv rfwriut SAM PLC COPY FREE. MHI NIW YORK CLIPPER, New vor: city. E. Heidbrink Seeking an JCvnrlUHiIng Ink. Government chemists nru much In terested in obtaining Ink which will ho lasting. Many government docu ments linvu to be written In Ink, and It Is desirable that tho Ink should remain loglblo as long as tho document re mains Intact. Notwithstanding the popular Idea that everything mnde In tho olden times was perfect tho oldtlmo Inks were by no menus perfect. Tho original copy of tho Declaration of Independence Is almost undecipherable, Only oiiu signature, that of John Hun cock, stands out clear and bold. All nets of congress uro tiled -with tho State department for safe-keeping and registered. Up to a fow years ago It was customary to engross the acts of congress by hand with pen nud Ink, hut now they arc printed, it is claim ed that printer's ink will outlnst writ ing fluid and that there will bo no trouble for future generations to read the acta of the pre'sent congress. A number of farmers wpre today discussing the merits of different plows. "Well, men," one lazy looking man said, "my notion Is that any rid ing plow Is good." What has become of the old fashion ed patent right man who used to come alecg. 4 sell "territory?" Actually Ilctlred. Joseph Jefferson Is sensitive on the subject of his retirement from the stage. To suggest farewells Is to mako him nervous and to receive a reply outwardly pleasant, but tinged with sharpness. Uut one reporter did succeed In getting ahead of him. The New York Times says that the veteran actor, during a tour in tho South, found ono morning In the paper a long nud mysteriously worded urtl clc, hinting nt his retirement. Ho mado a complaint to tho managing edi tor, who at onco called In tho reporter, and asked him where ho got tho story. "The city editor told mo to see Mr. Jefferson," said tho young man, "and ask lilm if ho was going to retire." "Well, did you sco him?" "No, sir. I sent up my card to his mom, nud It wns returned to mo with these words written on It: 'Mr. Jeffer son has retired.' " Then, goes tho story, tho nctor who sleeps twenty years a night In nip Vun Wluklo took tho reporter out and bought hlin a ilvo-dollnr hat. Mr. Hchulitvsald to mo one day at lunch: "What do you think of series of comic drawings dealing wltb a grandfather and bis two grandsons?" "Let the grandfather be the claver one of the trio. In most of the other cases the young folk have been smart er than the old people upon whom they played their Jokes. Let's reverse It" The next morning be came to my of fice with aketcbee for half a doien series, and wltb the name "Foxy Grandpa" In bla bead The success of the series In the New York Herald waa Instantaneous, for who has not beard of "Foxy Grandpa" and "Bunny"? The Jolly old gentleman, dear to grown people aa well aa children, might almost be called the Mr. Pick wick of comic pictures. EDWARD MARSHALL. To Grandfathers Who Are And To Those Wbo Are To Be. I Merrily Dedicate This Book. "BUNNY." Bent postage paid on receipt of ONE DOLLAR In currency or postal order: no checks received. L. R. Hamersly Co.. 49 Wall Street. EW YORK. Lyman E.Cooley CIVIL ENGINEER 21 Quirtcy Street, Chicmgo, HENRY , BRANDT. People wbo wlah their boneee te re eetve the Tory beet attention this spring should patronise Henry B Brandt, 446 tad 448 Lincoln avenee e baa the latest styles of wall papet and the very beet workmen to put M e. Hla painters and calclmlnera an artists asd hie work 1 every way to owUtabi In Glass House. Nothing displeases Dr. R. Ogdcn Dorcmus moru than indistinct speak ing. Ho rarely fnlls to show his dis approval of It. While lecturing nt tho city college recently, having occasion to ask a iiucstlon of a student, ho re ceived n mumbled reply, "H'tn, h'ui, b'm; h'm, h'm," mimick ed the Irate professor. "Uan't you speak so 1 cau hear you? If you've anything to say, speak out and don't mumble your words." The answer was a trifle disconcert ing. "I said," replied the student, "that I did not hear your question." Some people have such a disagree able memory that they can remind you of things you did a thousand years go. There are few things la this world atere Irritating thu a woawa with a leeiaf voice. A. H. BARBER & CO. Wholesale Dealers In Butter. Cbeese. Es & Poultry COD STORAGE . 229-231 SOUTH WATER STREET, CHICAGO I.OXG IHSTANCi: Tin.KPIlONK MAIN 1:0 1 a BUFFET 172 North Clark St., corner Erie St., Rvcrythlrs; Choice. CHICAGO. TELEPHONE S78 CENTRAL ( Capt John C. Dalton's BUFFET Wholesale & Retail Dealer In Liquors a Cigars 18 RUSH STREET Corner Michigan SL CHICAOO. TOM BOW AH TELEPHONE RANDOLPH M2 P. M. HANSEN Tom Rowan & Co. aBBBHSBBSBBBSBBBBSBBBHBSBBBBBBBBBBBBBBSBBBBBBHBHInSBSaiBBaHMB TAILORS 68 and 70 WASHINGTON STREET LYMAN ABBOTT Gdltor H. W. MABIH, Associate Editor The Outlook NEWSPAPER AND MAtiAZINE IN ONE. PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. PRICE THREE U.OLLARS A YEAR I Read The Outlook "Hec.'iuse it is the test all-round imifrajtlna in the country." "Ik-cause each numtier Ik worth an armful of newspapers." Mttr Jvom Tuo Subioribtrt PORTRAITS FROM LIFE OP MARK TWAIN STEDMAN E. B. HALE ALDRICH HOWELLS HIUdlNSON Drawn in pastel by ALFRED HOUGHTON CLARK , Each portrait printed on plate paper 9x11 Inches, suitable tor frajnlna; und enclosed In a handsome portfolio. PRICE ONE DOLLAR, PIN A ONE DOLLAR BILL WW&&&S& 27 Fourth Avriue. New Y-rk. Ilrournipa in not lred no our buoln u a uibscrloer, you win reecho TIm Outlook kr POUK MONTHS Nsmt Iprlc ono dollar) sod tblt PortkUo (prlco oao dtltsr. Start No. Towa- Between State and Dearbora Streets CHICAGO Meacham & Wright Company r. 0. MEAOHAM, Protldont. 8. p, ILOUNTi TroMuror. S.i.WRIQHT, Vlco-Preildent 0. M. FOBTIR, eoeroUnr. ALIt AQINTt Improved Utica Hydraulic Cement AND DriLIM IN ATLAS PORTLAND CEMENT. 138 WatNngton Street. Chicago. . i