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THE OHIOAGrO SSAGHLjES. 7-. fi-mkm y 7 JAIIM WILSOX. IKMSES FOR MARKET AND BREEDING. Br Jumet Wlltou, SttfHrr Agriculture. Perhaps In no other ine line or won; has there been such a lack of syste matic study among farmers In Amor leu. and In the practical application of known principles, as In horse breeding. Fanners throughout the entire country hare practiced haphazard methods of breeding for many years. They simply bred and reared horses without any re gard to the demands of the consumer. In any business which Is carried on without any definite purpose or object In tIcw sooaer or later a crisis will come. UorM breeding, when judic iously carried on, has always been and Is likely to be a reasonably profitable business for the American farmer. If horses are bred with a definite object In view the breeder will not be seriously affected by overproduction. There has always been and there always will be a fair demand for any of the recog tied market types of horses. Under existing conditions there are at least four distinct classes of horses which most farmers can profitable pro duce. The first ami most Important Is the heavy draft horse, next the carriage or coach horse, then the roadstci horse, and the saddle horse. There Is a market for othci classes of horses it the present time, but none of them commands high prices and most of them are thu misfits which are bound to appear from time to time In the effort to produce horses of the first four classes mentioned. The heavy draft horse Is one of the most profitable classes of horses that the farmer can breed! The draft celt can bo bred with less risk and liability to accident than those of the lighter classes. Home of the essential points to bo considered In selecting a draft horse are: Good feet and legs, plenty of weight, n well developed hotly, and good style nud action. A draft horse should weight from 1,800 upward, thu more the better, provided It Is com bined with quality and good feet and legs. Next In Importance to tho draft horse Is the carriage horse. Borne men who arc naturally adapted to educating and training horses can produce carriage liorxes much more profitably than draft horses. The Ideal carriage or conch horse Is an animal of high excellence of form, style, action. peed and education. He must be of good size, standing from 15.3 to 1(1.2 hands high nnd weighing In the neighbor hood of 1,'JUO pounds and upward. Another class of horses In good demand nt the present time Is the gentleman's driving horse, or more commonly known ns tlm roadster. A good ami valuable roadster should not be considered as necessarily n racehorse. Few racehorses ever make satis factory roadsters. The saddle horse Is always In good de mand. The real, high class thoroughbred pnsesse more quality than nny other breed of horses. Hoi sea of this class are often called combination aulnmls, being useful us a sr utile or uaruess noise. ME USE OF ELECTRICITY AS A MEDICINE. Br Slegmuitit Saubtrmann. electrical engineer, Berlin. j A noteworthy fact nnd ono much debated In VJ professional circles Is the llttlo Importance nt- Ll Inched to the m.icrous electrical phenomena fit with which the human organism comes In con- l!f tact, and that tho application of electricity for medical purposes should bo restricted to only a ,mL few cases. The French and Italian men of the Hk medical profession are a laudable exception In aaaacLJtlils respect, for they do not hinder progress In this direction by refraining from the use of electricity In their practice, uo tne contrary, iney not only favor Investigation tlce. On tho contrary, they not only favor Investigation aioag mat line, uui iiicmseivca use tbls natural forco In their practice whenever possible. With thesit facts before us It Is to bo expected that lectro-thcrapeutlcs, as the new science Is called, should be successfully developed In those countries nnd our owa Scien tists outdone In this Important field. Already they success fully treat certain skin diseases and other disorders with the electrical bath and the Roentgen ray. France Is In the lead, and nt the universities of that countty much experi menting Is done with the new method. Much Is expected to result from an experiment per formed by Professor Stephen Lcduc, of Nantes, a mem ber of the French Academy of Science, which proves with certainty that a small alternating current acting on the body will Induce sleep nnd put the body In a state of abso lute freedom from pain. That Is, tho activity of tho brain can be stopped by means of such ft current without the least pain being experienced or the Impairing of the func tions of the respiratory organs or tho circulation. Ho far the experiments have been conducted upon tinl mats only, but the results arc nevertheless conclusive. Tho surressful experimenter used n small electrical machine with a small current at first, hut which could be grad ually Increased In strength. A rabbit was first used to experiment upon ami later n shepherd dog. Neither nnlmnl seemed to experience nny unpleasantness from the experi ment. Pinching, cutting, pricking, or burning did not seem to cause the least pain. As soon ns the current wns shut off tlie animal awoke, Jumped up, anil ran about contented, apparently suffering no Injurious rfTeet either ns to his physical or mental condition. Indeed, the duration of this electrically Induced sleep could he protracted for hours with the same result. Furthermore, It has been proved that the human body when under the Influence of the Leduc electrical eurrent Is totally Insensible to pain as when cocaine Is Injected. Eminent specialists declare tli.it this harmless method will supersede the use of chloroform nud ether In performing those operations upon persons with a weak heart which so often prove fatal when these anes thetics are used. riLtsiONB. larb mew too I IIMl DON'T MEDDLE IN LOVERS' QUARRELS. Br Helen OWfU. Love affairs, to all appearances, possess an Ir resistible attraction for outsiders. "All the world loxcs u lover." Love stories nie the most popular class of literature with tho masses, and gossip about other people's love affairs, real or sus pected, Is sure to be afloat whenever men or women etigago In social chat. The "love pie" Is one Into which, more than any other, people who Iiiii no visible connection therewith nre sure to attempt to Introduce a finger, ami with which curiosity, mt'dtllcxoiuciu"", nud mischief making frequently busy themselves under the cloak of gootl nature, friendly luteiest, unit general kind henrteduess. Of nil III advised meddlers the most Idiotic arc those who lake part In lovers' quarrels. liven the part of tho peacemaker Is not always blessed In such c.isu, while those who fan the flames of discoid cannot be too severely cen sured. When loxers quarrel It Is the p.irt of wisdom to stand asido nud let them settle the inn Iter between them selves. If they cntutot agree together It Is far belter that they should agree to disagree, while If the quarrel bo merely a lovers' tiff It may act as n thunder storm to ele.ir the air or its a summer shower which sweeps away doubts and misunderstandings which have clouded the sky. It Is not well to try too hard to persuade dissenting lovers to kiss nnd be friends. The wounds of love do best without a surgeon; If they do not heal by the first inten tion they rarely or never heal at all. There are i few tnctftV people who can "stand by," In tho naval sense, and see fair play without Intermeddling. Such people know by Intuition just when to soothe, without seeming to do so, or Just how at the right moment to turn the tiff Into a Jest, persuading the lovers, each, that the other was only In fun and meant no harm. Usually It Is wise not to take lovers' tiffs too seriously; It Is far better to treat them tenderly, but lightly. In most cases the quarrel Is more of a comedy than a tragedy, and probably will do good In the end by showing some tender spot which affection will avoid wounding In future. RIQHAM YOUNQ'8 BEGINNING. 4 a Hard Btrnaate as a Carpeater Near Hschestsr. Aboat the year 1830, Urlgham Young and family settled In Port Ityron, suya the Roibiater Post-Express. It wus then kuown as Bucksville, and boastal of 100 inhabitants. There was no ca nal or railroad In those days, and the settlers hud to hew dowu trees In or der to make a dealing In which to build a bouse. During the first few years of Young's stay ho made his home with 'Squire Pine, .who lived In the corner of Pine and South streets. The Pine house Is now about 100 years old. It Is now owned and occupied by Mr. and Mrs. James D. Dixon. Drlgbam Young wns a carpenter, and old residents of Port Iiryon sny that he was nn expert at his trade, but work was scarce and he was always hard up. It was a lolig time befere ho saved money enough to buy lumber to build his own house. It wns his intention to build himself a fine house, but It turned out to be a very ordinal y framo structure. It was built soon after the Erie canal wus put .through, and wns located near the heel path slda of tho canal. The Young house has long since been moved. A part of tho orlglnnl structure now stnuds back of the New 1; Irk Ihery stubles, nud Is unoccupied. Brlgham Young's family comprised his wire and one sou, lirlghnm, Jr., who died recently nt Halt Lake City. Young at that tlmo was a firm be liever In Mormonlsm. Ho left Port Byron, or Buck Hie, In 1850, and went to Utah, nud subsequently became fa mous as the lender of tho Mormons, In after jeans, when he wns famous, one of his o'.i acquaintances wrote to him nnd asked him If ho was thu Brlgham Young of Port Bryon, and If he weie could he pay 'Squire Pino for a largo Iriirrt bill. 'Squire Pine wus then mi old man and In poor circum stances. In a short time 'Squire Pluc received n letter from Young, nud In closed was tho money In full for his board with Interest, Young was then a rich man nnd snld ho was ery glad to pay up his old debts. A BRILLIANT AMERICAN WOMAN. Canutes Yon Waldersee, Who Has Bn a Powsr In German Politics, One of tho most influential Ameri ca!! women in Europe is tho Countess Von Waldcrsoe, who Is now on u visit to her early home In this country. For years she has been a power at the German court and In times past was pitted against tho great Bismarck. Tho countess was Miss Esther Lee, daughter of David B. Lee, a pioneer wholesale grocer on South street. New York. When her father died her moth er took her and her sisters to Paris. There Esther was educated. In 1857 she married Prince Freder ick Von Bcbleswlg-Holsteln. She was Tery young then, while the German prince was an old man. The prince art np bis titles and made ber bla bride, lis months later he died of HiHgy, leaving bla firi wife HOOO,- 000. The princess, who bold tho hon orary tltlo of Princess De Noer, was nt Welsbaden In 1858. when sho met Count Alfred Von Waldcrsoe, whom sho married two years later. Tho countess becamo n confidant of the Emperor and was said to have caused Ulsmnrck's overthrow. She was ambitious as well as brilliant nnd sho wished thnt her husband should suc ceed tho "Iron chnnceHor." During tho closing years of Blsmnrck's llfo sho wus Identified with every movoment that seemed to weaken bis hold on Imperial favor. Dr. Stoker, the court chaplain whom Blsmurck dismissed, was her coadjutor and adviser. Her salon wns a hotbed of autl-Blsmarck lutiiguo. Count Von Wnldcrseo was raised to practical command of tho army and In 1000 was appointed to tho command of tho nlllcd forces In China, succeed ing Von Moltko ns a field marshal, a position ho now holds. Tho mnrrlnge to tho count wns ono of tho foreign alliances thnt proved happy, tho count and countess having been devoted to each other. 8ENATOR PLUMB'8 COURAGE. lbs Hmallpox Mark In the Kansan'a Fsco Vere u Uudgc of Honor. C. It. Snyder, who Is writing n his tory of Kansas, gives n chapter to Sen ator Preston B. Plumb, and quotes Jo seph Brutton, one of tho Osage pio neers, as saying: "I fought ii ud licked a man once who said that Plumb wns 'a coward. I know that bo was no coward from a Bur llngnme Instance with which I was familiar. Along about tho spring of 18U0, when we were running tho hotel, and the stage from Lawrence to Em poria stopped at our place for meals, Preston B. Plumb was on It one night, and during supper beard talk or small pox having broken out here. A man stopping with I, B. Titus came down with the disease, and as soon as It was known what It was he was car ried off half a mile up on the hill to aa empty hut and left there alone to die. "No one being willing to nurse him, Plarab, bearing of the case, resolved to atop off and go and took after the man, even at the rjsk of his own life. Ho got George Brattt n to fix up a bas ket of toast and eatables, take his light and a roll of hlinkcts, and show him to the sick man. Mr. Bratton did m, going near enough to help Plumb all bo could. Plumb found out the sick man's condition, nnd cared for him thnt night. The next morning, learning that Abel Polby bad once hnd the small-pox, he got him to admit tho sick man to his cabin, because It was more comfortable. They two cared for the man the best they knew how until be died. "When nil was over Plumb denied up, changed his clothes, nud continued his Journey on to Emporln, only t bo taken down with tho dreadful diseaso himself and to be carried off to one side and undergo the forced absence of friends' care; and at last, when he was over tho disease, to be branded with tho marks the balance of bis life. That was true courage," Sea's Bottom la Falling Scientists tell us that, counting from tho sea lovel, the lowest body of water on tho globe Is the Caspian se.i. For centuries Its surface has been gradual ly settling down until now It Is eighty flvo feet lower than that of lis near nolghbor, tho Black sea, which also lies far below tho level of tho oceans. Tho common conclusion nil along has been that the Caspian was simply lin ing Its waters by evaporation, hut re ceut Investigation shows that this is not tho case. Soundings nmile ami compared with records of soundings mndo over 100 years ago reveal the astounding fact that theio Is even a greater depth of water now than then. This- leaves but one hypothesis that would seem at all tenable that the. bottom of tho sea Is actually sinking. A LeproNy Patrol. The Hawaiian government employs agents who travel all over the Ulamls looking for Indications of leprosy In remote places. Banishment Is mi dread ed that frequently the family of a leper will keep him seeretid for a year or two befaro dlscoery Is made. A person who Is supposed to have the disease Is sent to the receiving station In Honolulu, wheie he Is examined by flvo medical experts, If "u leper" bo tho verdict money, position, Inlluenc", race or color cannot change the decico which sends tho patient to Moloknl. Voloanoea Interiors with 'telegrams. Blnco the great volcanic disturbances In the Windward Islands It has been Impossible to maintain unbroken cable connections between the Islands of Martinique and Qaudaloupe and tho French government bas established a wireless telegraph service between the two. The distance exceeds 100 miles. assail Motor Can. Motor cars are to be Introduced on some of khe local railways la lower Australia. Each will carry forty per sons and be divided In two classes. If yea propose to W as jrw please, whv ask adflceT HENRY E. BRANDT, Paints and Wall Paper, 446 A 44t Lincoln Avcnu. aPaintinar, fnperha.ntlnn sand Dasooraatrin LUTHIR LOOMI8 President WILLIAM LOOMIS Vloa President JA9. A. HOCAN Cen'l Mgr. and eo' ILLINOIS STONE CO., Dimension and Rubble Stone QUARRIES AT LEflONT. Main Office, cor. 22d and Lumber Sts. ttlEPHOHB CAHAl 13$. Yard Ha. I. Yard No. 9. 92d Lumber 8t. CH ICAQO Eliloi ?., 1 1lk. Iirll OMjIh ' Tal. Canal 130. Tel. Monro Ol. WM. LORI.Y1ER, Pros, and Trees. WM. J. MURPHY, See. J. J. McKBNNA, Vlce-Pres. Murphy & Lorimer Brick Company 639 Rookery Building, Chicago Yards Archer and California Avcs. Telephone Office, Harrison 933. Fse44fe)lliifpiti44eeli - . jj- f l a a a a e a a aa, a m m W.MJa JJEAal ' UUHEELER a WILSON " SEWiii MACHINES FMBatSBBBBBBBBBBBBBeBBB&l fMtW&UE "X" tlaaaJBg'K?CjMa Art known throughout the world, - They are in dally use in factories, In Ir-mes-iewlng all grades of work, horn heavy leather to finest mull', Not How Cheap But How Good! SitMild be your guide In purchasing a Rlnr Machine and do not be . ..-.."... . , .. ,, .L samtiea wunoui nrsi gmng xne 'No. o" a trial. j Wheeler & Wite Manufacturing Co, 72 74 Wabash .vj., Chicago, Ilia. TTTywwafyfTf'sTTTtTTyyTTTTTyi;TffTyrffww FRED V. UPHAM, President. O. O. AOLER, Sec'y and Treas- Fred W.Upham Lumber Co. WISCONSIN HARDWOOD 215 Dearborn Street 'Phone Harrison 4280 jSSBRTgSfe CEMENT PAVING "177 LA SALLE ST. 2HICAGO TKLIPHONK CENTRAL 2554. JOS. J. DUFFY. M. J. SCAMLAN JOSEPH J. DUFFY & CO., GENERAL CONTRACTORS 907 Chamber of Commerce. Telephone Main 4688. Minerva Mineral Springs Sparkling TABLE WATER. HENRY GARBEN, - Proprietor CARY, McHENRY COUNTY, ILL. CHICA00 OFFICE, - - 31 WEST OHIO ST. Telephone rionroe 80. KM A Red Elephant Split On Sale Everywhere. "Th RIM TMl Ii tto Mtnkt" "Yn Km." -1. A ! 1 1 lt-H"H"l"M"f'M"t" H I INT OFFICES WEST SIDE BUREAU I to 9 South Canal Street XVULliJlHONE 3JLA.1N OOl NO CHARGES OF ANY KIND MADE TO EMPLOYER OR EM PLOYE FOR FURNISHING ALL KINDS OF EMPLOYMENT FOR MALE OR FEMALE HELP. ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO S. P. REVERE, Superintendent h in 1 1 n i minnn i n n-fn i FURNITUREI Carpets, Stoves, Crockery, Rugs, Brass and Iron Beds, Lace Curtains and Shades. Cheapest Cash House in the City. HENRY STUCKART, 260S to 25 1 9 Archer Ave. PHONE YARDS 37 GHAS. G. BREYER PlumberGasfitter 187 W. DIVISION ST., Near Milwaukee Av. Telephone) Monroe 575. House Draining a Specialty. Dealer in All Kinds Gas Fixtures. Jobbing Promptly Attended Tc Tanner & Conley, MERCHANT TAILORS First-Glass Work at Moderate Prices. REAPER BLOCK 99 Washington Street, CHICACIO TILEPHONI CENTRAL 994. W. M. HOYT COMPANY, WHOLESALE GROCERS 1 WPOBTUa AID IOM1M Of TEASI ltU,U9ICtl!UlHU(UllFfttH ' A 1 ta, .J.