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THE OHIOAOO EAGHjE.
Ct)e (III)icagD (Eagle "-1 " ' , " ' fm PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY HENRY P. DONOVAN. Am Im4fa4ent Ntwtpaper, PmWmi a4 Truthful. UMCRIPTKJN RATES S2.W PER YEAR uiuu am, ceaacmcATtoni te f. DONOVAN, Belter aae Prterleter, 04 TtUTONIO tOILUNO, CorMf WrtUU Si tae Ma At. ll the nnttnAaa. Cklmi. IIIIbcIl -Imi atU aitur.) f t, LARGEST WEEKLY HUION IN CHICAGO. THE NEW YEAR. It Is to bo hoped that tho Now Year will witness In Its course an Improved tato" of affairs In this city, for, that thero Is need of Improvement In many particulars of vital Importance to the peoplo the conditions of tho past three months prove conclusively. Tho relations between employer nnd employe, have been strained by tho ex traordinary spread and activity of unionism, which has now arrived nt n rendition that almost ovory kind of business lias been Injuriously affected liy It. Organized effort to forco up wages lias resulted In such Ios to employers that tho laying off of thousands of broad-earners has been necessitated. Thus tlio very activity which was looked to for certain results 1ms hd looked to for certain results has brought about directly the opposite. Working people have been thrown out of employment as tho direct result of tho pernicious work of what Is, In later days, known ns organized labor. Organized labor, properly so-called and Intelligently conducted, undoubt edly Is calculated to tend toward the -wolf nro of tho wago-worker. It pio vldes him with a benevolent organiza tion which supplies the necessaries of life in caso of sickness, and gives sup port to tho willows and orphans In case of death. In moderate and sane de mands Its efforts to benefit Its mnn 1ers In tho lino of higher wages for honest, efficient work are recognized nnd aro invariably acquiesced In. Hut rhen It comes to n violent usurpation of arrogant power and dictation It be comes nothing short of tyranny. In tho hands of unscrupulous manlp- MNl ulutors organized labor In Chicago has boon thus diverted from its legitimate course mid boon niado the source of Mlhlltl IlllllO.VlHHV tO till gOllor.ll pub- He ami of mNory to the very r.mk ntul tile of tlio organizations sought to bo bonotlted. The Injury to tlio interests of the vwigo-wotkors has nffoctoil Injuriously almost ovory lino of buslines ntul In duo try. U has nffoctoil trsiilc to Its tlotr'tnoiit. ntul has produced chaos, misfortune ninl ooti ooiuluceil to an nrchy In our midst. It la therefore the. dcwittt prayer of nil good citizens that, for the welfare of nil, those con ditions will be changed during the year HKU. anil th.it the body politic will be ivlleveil of the Incubus which has nllllctod It during the clewing days of 1IXW. CHICAGO'S WELL-MANAGED POST OFFICE. Every cltloii of Chicago who mi-dot-stands the true meaning of olll clout iiublle service will ugroo with the Kuulo lti the assertion that Hon. 1-'. E. Co) no N one of tlio bet postmasters Chicago hns over had. I'nder the supervision of Mr. Coyne the Chicago iiotolllco has been brought to n degree of olltcloncy that, tinder tlio condition" prevailing in the iniinlclpal administration of tlio city, could not bo surpassed. Notwithstanding tlio fact that the potal service of a city of two million Inhabitant Is cramped mid crushed Into a barn-like structure which af fords neither room nor facility onoiitth for tlio postoflloe work of a third-rate town, the postal service of the city of Chicago has, under tlio able management of Mr Coyne, been excel lent In the highest degree. Every working man who receives Ills mall at the early hoars of the morning and receives It systematically mid regular ly, knows how faithful and conscien tious has been the work of the Chicago postotllce. There arc many thousands of these. The business men of Chicago who constitute the backbone of the city hnvo nlso had ample proof of the olllclciicy mid satisfactory management of the postolllce under Mr. Coyiie. The tremendous rush of the Christ- tuns holidays has been met nnd han dled as It never has been before. Ev erybody received the Christmas mull. nothing was delayed. Everything con signed to Chicago through the post olllce was on time mid promptly deliv ered. No higher testimony than that of the people can be given to any de partment of public service, mid the Chicago postolllce, under the manage ment of Hon. F. E. Coyne, has the tes timony of the people for efllclency nnd thorough performance of duty. NOW GET TO WORK. With the close of the year the public hearings by tho Council committee on local transportation also have come to u close. ' For this the public nnd the city au thorities arc to.be congratulated. Tho Eagle has maintained for many months tbnt there has been too much talk nnd too little notion In regard to this same traction question. It has been thrashed to death by various methods, ono of the most pronounced of which, as tho public has had rea son to know, hns been the political campaign cry method. When it was insisted that tho meet ings of tlio Council traction committee bo thrown open for public discussion, wo felt mid said that nothing of Imme diate benefit to the people could come of It. The developments have Justified our predictions. No doubt earnest men were thero mid told many sound truths to the committee in behalf of the prin ciples of municipal ownership. They have dono much for that cause, but the effect of their labors will bo felt In the future; It cannot, owing to conditions that cannot be surmounted, bo of pres ent benefit. As ono of our dally con temporaries well says, "tho commit tee has listened with exemplary pa tience" to tlio arguments of nil those men. "It Is easy to call tlio claims of tho traction companies under tho 00-year law it flimsy spider's wob which can be swept nway with tho lir.ud, or to say that tho city can raise at once with enso tho money needed to ucqulro tho street railway lines. If they were whero tho Council Is there would be a speedy understanding of difficulties, nnd' u sudden change of tune. If they administered tho local government and wore responsible for tlio cleaning and policing of tho city they would proclaim at once thnt addi tional revenue as compensation from the traction companies was extremely desirable, and wus unjust to nobody. "The practical men on tho locnl transportation committee, more fully convinced than ever that what tho public really needs Is good transporta tion service, will go ahead to perfect their ordlnnnce." THE COMING CAMPAIGN. It now looks as If tho appio.ichlng pru-couvcntlnn national campaign will not be as exciting, on tho Itepubllcaii side, as was anticipated u mouth or two ago. According to all the dlp.itchc, ami, Indeed, all Indications on every side, President Jtooxovclt will practically hni the Held to himself for the presidential nomination. Should this turn out to be the else the ItopuMI can national convention will bo snno what perfunctory, nlthoiujh there m.i) bo n liely contest over tho vlc pied dentl.il nomination. With the State campaign It I", however, n dllTnieut matter, and Illinois boforo and nrt.-r the Stato contentions of both parties Is likely to witness tho hottest kind of electioneering here. The asplianth tor the gubernatorial nomination on the Democratic sldo hnvo not as yet been very much In evidence, though recent Indications would' lead ono to bollovu that candidates for the Democratic nomination vould be plentiful. No doubt thero -will bo n good crop -when tho time tomes. Tho State Central Committee is headed by n man who Is a past master In the work of political organizing nnd campaigning, Hon. John P. Hopkins, nnd under his able I direction nothing will be left undono to bring the party affairs to a successful Nsue. The heated campaign which Is now In full blast between the half dor., en or so Itepubllcaii gubernatorial can didates shows how high that imrt)'s hopes for success nro this year, al though It may leave scars behind that may bo productive of unlooked for re sults. The attitude of certain of the ltepubtlcan papers, particularly In Chi cago, Is also such as to give the party leaders food for rollectlon. In Cook County there Is certain to be a spirited contest, as here peculiar conditions prevail on both sides which leave the situation a doubtful one. So that as soon us the holidays are llnally over and done with we may look for lively times In the political Held all through Illinois right along till the fateful day In November next when all will be decided by the ballots of the people. EALET8. Agriculture In Arizona is now n mat ter of dates. They are raising them there. Sometimes It Is dllllcult to distin guish between contentment and lazi ness. A woman usually begins her life woik when she marries it man to re form him. It's useless for some women to deny that they married for money after you see their husbands. It's the toughest kind of tough luck to lutvo your watch stolen when you are on your way to pawn It. Every time a revolver Is sold over a counter 'there Is the possibility of mi Increase In the bandit population. A London authority says that shy ness Is due simply to a wrong mental angle. Obtuc or ncute? This brigandage of thoso young Chi cago rulllaiis was really getting to be almost as fatal as football before the police broke It up. Russia mid Japan have agreed that there Is enough good looting In fat old China for two, mid there is no use In mussing up the scenery. It is Indignantly denied thnt Colom bia Is eager to possess the pen with which the l'nnamn Junta signed that canal treaty. If the sting could bo removed from football people wouldn't pay to see the game. And the same Is truo of prize lights. The more stings tho more money. In Wales there nrc 500,000 people who can't speak English. Hut that's nothing. In London alone thero aro n.OOO.OOO peoplo who can't speak Eng lish "ns she should bo spoke." A certain German professor mny or may not bo interested In the lluciun tlons of oil stock, but It looks a little queer when ho comes out and claims that thero Is radium In petroleum. "Fortunes nro still being mndo in cotton," says tho Boston Herald. And they are still being picked up in silks, by titled foreigners who come over after them, Thero is rcuewcu talk of shortening tho collego course. Hut how can an expert foot-ball player succeed in do ing In threo years what ho Is expect ed to do in four years? Tho boy problem Is a mighty one. One-half of tho orators aro complain ing becuuse thero nro not boys enough and tho other half aro not nblo to agree as to what shall bo done with tho boys that we have. W. K. Vnnderbllt, Jr., is to hnvo a desk In his father's office, whero ho will stait in tho railroad business "as a clerk." It Isn't expected that ho will bo docked for being lato or taking u day off now and then. Hero's Mr. Cnmeglo extolling tho blessings of poverty again. And Job Hedges says tho laird of Sklbo might hnvo been enjoying tlicso blessings now If ho had taken common stock Instead of bonds. Tho now scrum tried In Franco for tho euro of consumption has killed tlvo out of tho seven patients It was tried upon. Very Interesting to sci ence, but not much consolation to tho consumptives' relatives. A scientist tells us that tho planet Jupiter has six iloors mid a basement, hut tho most persuasive real estate agent will not succeed In getting us to go and llvo theio unless It has mi ele vator. Robert Ooelet Is being sued for .$10,. Ooo for running hl automobile over a man In llostou. Souio of tho heiresses will wonder why tho victim should not consider It an honor to have been run over by tho brother-in-law of a duke. If tho bad man were unable to buy a gun tho decent citizen would not have to go aimed in self-defense. And the bad man generally shoot's Hrst anyway. The Duko of ltoxburgho declnres that he will nover couio back to Now York. Tho clown In tho old-tlmo cir cus used to Invariably minotinco, "We've got your money, nnd that's what wo eamo hero for." Events havo uot Justified tho proph ecy of thoso who said a fow years ago that bicycle riding was merely a fad, nnd would soon lose Its jKipularlty. It was tho fad of a fow, to bo sure, but tho bicycle has proved Itself so useful that It has been adopted as a business vehicle in the city as well as In the country. Last year more than six hundred thousand bicycles weio sold In the United States; mid In France more thnu twice as many bicy cles were ridden as In 1808. When Don Carlos, the Spanish pre tender, heard that his daughter had eloped with a conch limn he sent out letters announcing her death. This shows that the Don can pretend In various ways. With so many Kngllsh-spenklng peo ple studying, Spanish, and so many Spanish-speaking people studying Eng lish, a compromise may be looked for that will present weird opportunities for the dialect writer. John I). Itockefeller Is said to be disappointed because his new grand child Is a girl. Probably ho Is afraid she will grow up to write magazine articles about the Standard Oil Com pnny. Twenty new varieties of llsh were discovered last summer In the waters about Alaska by an expedition from the United States Fish Commission. The boy with the bent pin and the an gleworm does not cure. To him a llsh Is a llsh, by whatever scleiitlllc name It may be called. There really Is no limit to the prac tical In education. Here Is a Hostou supervisor arguing for teaching the school children more fairy talcs. Yet consider the extent to which the coun try Is already overrun with promoters capable of writing the most alluring prospectuses. One of the reasons for recent Euro pean Interest In the business methods of the United States Is found In a re port from the Department of Com merce and Labor, which shows that the United States exported to Japan twenty-live times ns much In 100L' ns hi 1881, whereas the llrillsh exports to the same country were only a little more than three times as much ns in 1881. "Tho Strike of a Grand Duchess" would lie an appropriate tltlo for tho story of a recent episode In the career of the bride of the Grand Duko of Sitxe-Welmar. When she went homo to tho pnlnco In Weimar, after marry ing tho Grand Duke, she proposed to refurnish her npiirtments In modern stylo, but tho conservative old women of tlio court objected on tho ground that tho furniture which had pleased the duchesses for two hundred years ought not to bo removed. Her hus band agreed with the old women. Then she wished to say what she was to have for dinner. The old women thought thnt It was beneath the dig nity of n grand duchess to Interest herself lit what went on In tho kitch en, nnd tho Grand Duko thought so, too. After several more ineffectual at tempts to bo nil'trcss in her' own house, sho took tho train for Switzer land. Her litislntnd followed, but could not pcrsttiulu her to return homo till ho had promised to get rid of tho old women and to let her have her own way in tho house. If tho Grand Duko had been an American husband ho would hnvo capitulated in tho first place. Alflug with tho expressions of alarm over tho terribly high percentage of murders In America, increasing prom inence Is given to tho danger coming from the proiitlscuous carrying of con cenled weapons. It Is assorted that wo aro becoming "a nation of gun car riers." Tho majority of cowardly ruf fians have little temptation to cngago In n quarrel If no weapon Is within reach, while shallow headed follows, who have received considerable, of their education from "dlnio novels" nnd "nickel libraries," aro uot only per suaded that a weapon is necessary to their safety, hut they are anxious for an excuse to "Hash u gun." Pence officers should hnvo authority to sup press tho carrying of weapons by Irre sponsible parties, even If n legal pre cedent hud to bo established, such, for Instance as would allow them to ar rest at sight all suspicious characters In order to search for weapons. Where such wero found, heavy sentences would do considerable to discourage tho practice. It Is better to take he roic measures rather than to hate homicide statistics which aro a na tional disgrace. Of soino 0,000 members of religious orders expelled from France, It Is es timated thnt (1,100 havo settled in England, 1,100 hnvo gono to Canada and 1,800 havo entered tho United States. The number of men and wo men who have settled hi England Is nbout equal; of thoso who have gone to Canada the women nro In the ma jority, while those who have settled In tho United States aro ueail) all men. It Is estimated that neatly ..', 000,000 has been taken Into England by thoso religions, whllo tho sum of $10,000,000 has come to tho United States and Canada. A Now Yoik doctor gives a formula for a paste that dissolves tho hair on a man's face mid gives him a shave without a i.izor. Some fear Is felt that It may tako the face, too, but what does a man care for tlt.tr who has tried to shave with an old razor that would draw tears from a laco of Mono? Competent American girls are In do man In tho Philippines. A business in. in who lately returned from Manila s.i.s that the supply of well-trained stenographers and typewriters Is not marly equal to tho dcuimid, although wages aro considerably higher than In tho United States. Women of ninny nationalities am constantly nnivlng m Manila, but American girls are scarce. Englishwomen outnumber them four to one, nnd now hold tho best positions, although nearly all tho "want uds" end with, "American girl preferred." Speed is likely to bo tho greatest discovery of tho twentieth century. Indeed, motion especially adapted to transportation seems to bo our great est aim. Wo still remember the thrill with which we heard of the sixty-mile-mi-hour train. It was nothing short of wonderful. Then came seventy miles and ninety miles. Early this year n mono-railroad between Man chester nnd Liverpool, England, put the record up to 110 miles nil hour. Wo had hnrdty become accustomed to this, hardly passed the stage of re garding it as a freak, when from Ger many came the news that on the Mnrlcufcld-Kosson military road mi electric car made a speed of over I'J.'i mlloa mi hour. The news came with the statement that even higher rec ords were expected, an expectation that was realized a few days later in the highest record yet obtained 130 'J-o miles an hour. Of course it Is all guesswork as to how many times a man should take a bath and what kind of a bath ho should take. It doubtless depends on tho man, his constitution, his temper anient, his work, mid the climate in which lie lives. Tho best tho doctors can do, therefore, Is to 'give generali zations for the "average man." As there Is no "nverago man," tlio goner ullzntloiis, therefore, have small value. Hut hero we have n college professor who contends that we should lenvo off bathing entirely. He frankly con fosses that he conquered the "bath habit" two years ago. "Pneumonia, colds, mid a hundred other Ills result from tho foolish hnblt of washing tho body," snld Professor John Dill Rob ertson In an address at tho annual meeting of the Chicago Eclectic and Surgical Society. As tho professor Is n doctor ono naturally expects him to supply physiological or scientific rea sons for his theory, nnd In this wo nro tint disappointed. It is his contention thnt heat and moisture nro necessary to the growth of bacteria on the skin. As these conditions aro supplied by bathing, it follows that Instead of stopping the collection of bacteria upon the skin bathing actually facili tates their growth. Moreover, the hot bath, says Dr. Itobertson, draws tho blood to the skin, tho same ns alcohol does, leaving the Internal organs with out their necessary amount of nourish ment To support his views the doc tor called attention to tho fact that tlio city gets Its brain and brawn large ly from tho country, where tho farmer I toy docs not tako n bnth during tho entire winter. Ho swims, It Is true, In summer, when ho gets a chance, but his skin Is not rubbed with n rough towel, nnd hence tho "natural scales of the skin" nrc not removed. Ono docs not need to Join Dr. Itolwrt son's nntl-bnth crusadu to recognlzo the necessity for tho exercise of com mon sense, prudence nnd caution In taking cold baths or hot baths. That cold baths under Improper conditions have caused many n case of pneumo nia Is simply a matter of medical rec ord. Hut this Is n poor argument ngalnst tho bathing habit. Let us who nro poor not envy tho rich. Wo know not their cares. Wo know not their unsatisfied ambitions. Wo know not what bars, though of gold, Imprison them from the sun shlno of human sympathy. Wo know not what loneliness haunts tho hearts of them who llvo In gilded show cham bers, and hnvo no homes. (Distance lends to riches an enchantment they do not possess. The man who hns millions is Just ns unhappy that ho has uot mora ns you are. Content ment in wealth Is it will-o'-the-wisp thnt no man over yet caught up with. Many n fool hns put his whole ener gies Into the chnso after it, following It unceasingly through bogs of selfish ness mid mires of meannesses, only to find nt Inst when no lies down to dlo that ho long ago had loft behind him all that Is worth whllo In this world or to bo hoped for In the next. It Is only to tho man who is poor that wealth glows like a steady star In tho night. The law of recompense always Is In forco. It Is only when darkness shrouds our world that wo can see tho light of a million others. Scientists tell us that if wo could approach a star Its glow and glamor would van ish and the star Itself dissipate into dust. What wo lovo Is ours. Wo can own the wholo world if wo will. But wo can really possess nothing that wo apply to our own selfish purposes. Did you not learn In babyhood that tho bubble Is brilliant only until you grasp it? Tho gems In tho lino lady's hair nnd nt her throat glitter not for her eyes but for the eyes of others. Sho owns only somo stones, nover tho light tbnt sparkles In them. That priceless trensuro is only for then who lovo It, and It Is scattered broad cast at their feet In tho countless myri ads of morning dowdrops In tho sum mer grass. This is a world of beauty uot to thoso who havo money to pluck Its roses, but to those who havo souls to scent tho swoot odors. With lovo of tlio beautiful In man and In un til re no ono can bo poor; without it no ono can bo rich. Happiness lies deeper than tho pocket. Tlio millionaire can mnko his thousand-ncro park In tho rich valley and, by n fiction of tho law, call It his own, but It Is nil tho front ynrd of tho poor squatter in tho rudo cabin on the rugged hillside. Tho ono who has paid for It owns It? No! It Is possessed by tho ono who most enjoys It. What can n park mean to n man whoso heart Is In a money bag? And to tho man who loves scenery what matters It who holds tho title? There Is u higher tltlo thnt cannot bo transferred, Adam and Evn never hud a deed to Eden. Their descendants to day have a deed hut not the posses sion. It wus not tho laud Itself which was taken nway, but tho power to enjoy It. Any place on tills eiuth with Just the right pair of hearts In it Is ns much a paradlso us Eden was. Seventeen thousand now words, or now meanings of old words, appear In tho revised edition of a dictionary of tho English language. Thoso wero so J looted from half it million words and definitions thnt had como Into uso slnco tho dictionary was first printed, only ten years ago, Tho language, In splto of Its antiquity, docs not seem to bo threatened with senile decay. No interest in tho country has a brighter outlook than that of agricul ture. It Is only within tho last twenty years that farming has been conducted ur-on anything Uko a scientific 'tiasls. ... , . v ?jKBmmmiUS:''. immmmmmmmmmkmm HON. ANDREW J. GRAHAM, The Popular Banker and West Park Commissioner. Porincily the squatter on tho plain worked his laud with no conception of tho proper rotation of crops or of the' replenishment of the hidden springs of production; now, by the aid of agri cultural colleges In nearly every Stato In the Union, by the co-operation of tho clllclcnt department of agricul ture nt Washington ntul the application of modern farm machinery, the farmer Is enabled to double his gains from the soil. -Jr -. , ,.... ' - ' ' ''' y & yj If. &F UmMMMMMMMMMMMMMUUU9WY r I yiiFnMMmMMmMmMmMmMmMnm?' jYJR' ' HON. THEODORE OEHNE, The Popular Brewer Who It Much Talked of for 8tate Treasurer. Appendicular surgery Is passing Into history. Nearly everybody who can afford to havo the malady has paid tho bill nnd tho rest of mankind get along very well with ordinary prudeiico In observauco of tho laws of digestion. Graft, Uko appendicitis, Is simply a new namo for a very old complaint. Tho world has always been afflicted with grafters. mbmbmmbmbmW V Mi'WmwKM&mmm tW '- :-m wmmmmmmmmm . iC3PlBMl4F ' $0$. mmmmmmt- WWm' mmmmmmmmW4 ' vW; ' MWM mWmmmmmmmmm. m wflHifF & - k-HmlmM mmmmmmmmC Mmmwt :'::Mi mammmmmmmWmm v '$0--WrMb HHB3w -jbbHbb.. ISmRshBIHbIbbbHbbbbHbbbk. V" k HON. THOMA8 GAHAN, Democratic National Committeeman from Illinois. Tho newly completed government printing office will, in tho opinion of the engineers who built It, last a thou sand years, perhaps two thousand. Harrlug earthquakes, cither Its brick, walls or Its steel framework should bo sulllolent to sustain Its load. As ide two are combined, it Is hard to see where any perceptible wearing out of tho structure can tako place. What changes such a building Is bound to witness, even If It suffers none Itself! Announcement is made of tho fact that the Standard Oil Company Is go lug to open up for business In Rou manla. Neither Russia nor Turkey may expect hereafter to got posses sion of that country. Iter. Mlnot J. Savago says thero nover was a Garden of Eden. This may disposo of tho theory that It wus located in Ohio. a