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""nzjr "T"r THE OHIOAQO ESlO-XjEI 7 r- DEGENERACY AS A FACTOR OF ADVANCE. Br Br. JMf . Klrnn. 0Thc hitiunn body It ft union of organs whoie balance constitutes ' health, but whole discord means defect and dlseaie As Aesop, St. Paul, and, later, Rou recognised, war will occur be tween the members unlets tnese be held In check by a well balanced nervous system. Organs, celts and structures normally sscrlfce thetr In dividual life for the benefit of the body as a whole. Where such Mcrlnce Js not made anar chic discords (cancer, for example) occur. Balance of the cnll community, the body, party results from Inherited forces, but chiefly frotn tho Influence of environment on those forces nt periods of ntrcss even before birth, Aa n rule the organs lower In type suffer for the ben efit of the higher, and In some Instances, becoming useless, tfind to disappear. The brain, nervous system, liver and ocher glands, henrt and blood vessels, and ths organs con qioted with race lncreaso at the expense of the bones, teeth, qilr, skin nnd bowels. More than once a defective child with a high Intellect has been preserved for years of usefulness through the proper training at the periods of stress which Its defects enforced. Charles Darwin from a heavy heritage of nerve disorder was preserved 'thereby from the strain of school of medical practice nnd of business. At school Darwin displayed scientific tendencies, and therefore took much outdoor exercise. During his term at Cambridge the same proclivities appeared. Aided by his natural science pro fessor, Darwin did not bother about his college standing. Bis ailments played a great part In his acceptance of the post on tho Beagle, whose voyage originated the doctrine of natural selection as expounded by Charles Darwin. Darwin thus escaped the dwarfing tendencies of the En glish schools and universities though to a lesser extent than Herbert Spencer, who, born a defective youngster, had to be educated privately. Degeneracy Is always a factor of advance when it sweeps away useless organs for the benefit of the organ Ism as a whole. The strength of the athlete may enhance the primary ego, but a crippled form may compel training which creates a devotee of the golden rule. As ndvanco evolution results from creation of checks on undue ex penditure of force, bodily defect or degeneracy, accom panied by it healthy brain, thereby enforces advance. I HOW NOVELISTS JUGGLE WITH SCIENCE. ....... ' WIHo -j A tolerably wide course of novel reading has WJ fitted me to pronounce judgment on at least one VI phase of the fiction of tho period. That pnrtlc- W.I ular aspect concerns tho part played by scientific K topics nnd facts In tho building nnd developing of tho plot of many modern novels. Those who JL have not mado a special study of this topic can- not realize tho extent to which science Is drwn H upon by the romancer. It Is as If the demand for realism wntt responded to by the novelist coming direct to uie grcai iouuuim or incis, nuu drawing therefrom inspira tion for his stories. The novelist. Ilko the poet, claims, 1 believe, n certain amount of latitude, nnd ho may occa sionally find himself lying under tho temptation to fit In scientific fact to tho exigencies of his talo rather than to adopt the reverse procedure. I remember nn excellent Illustration of this Intter fact (t has long boon supposed by tho unlnstructcd that tho eye of, sny. n murdered person retains tho lmnge of his assail ant. Furthermore, it is believed by ninny that from the dead eye a photograph of tho assailant might thus be procured. I need not point out that were such a proceeding possi ble It might prove nn awkward thing for an Innocent person who happened to come upon the dying man and who was Intent on rendering assistance. Ho might In certain cir cumstances be reasonably suspected of being himself the author of tho crime. Now,a story appeared years ago in a magsilne written, If I mistake not, by one who has since attained a prominent position In dramatic literature In which the possibility of photographing ths dead eye was duly made the pivot of the tale, the scientist aiding Justice In the tracking of the murderer. The other day I read a story In which the writer, with a thorough up to date appreciation of the utilisation of ths sensation of the hour, made the new substance, radium, the central Idea of his tale. A scientist was -supposed to have amassed a largo quantity of the element, and a burg lar, knowing Its value, thought he would stead the radium. Ho entered tho house of the scientist and proceeded to his work. But radium has Its dangers, of course, nnd the burg lar meets his fato In being practically annihilated. This, 1 repent, is fiction well up to date. Theories of, heredity have not escaped the attention of philosophical novelists. There is a tremendous attraction for tho writers of fiction to weave around the otd saying regarding "the sins of the fathers" many a social tragedy. The child, in such a case, Is regarded as being propelled onwards to his fate by Influences beyond his power of con trol. As In the story relating the case of the black who graduated at Oxford, and who, marrying an English girl, returned as a missionary to his people, we find heredity drawn upon. The black reverted to his primitive Instincts, and was one night seen by his wife taking part in a savage orgle. Needless to ssy, she was made to die from the shock. Tho Influence of such Impressions is surrounded by ft dl tlnct atmosphere of doubt. dlslllusl WHAT CONSTITUTES A HAPPY MARRIAGE. Br Jfsfsn OlMtU. A recent writer declares that there are about ninety nnd nine thousand plausible counterfeits of love, physical, mental and spiritual. Some of them will last for a week, some a month, soma a year, or perhaps longer, but none of them, he asserts, will endure for three years. By that time the Joy in each other's presence Is ex hausted, the harness chafes, and worst of all the Incurableness of marriage daunts one, and the oned husband or wife sees the future stretch as a desolating succession of gray years. "And," says he, "the vast majority of men and women are willingly or un willingly victimized by one or another of theso counter feits. It is in the secret nature of things and It can't be .helped." , In the vast majority of marriages there Is moro or less readjustment necessary, the transition from the romantic love of courtship to the sober, everyday affection of con jugal llfo. The newly wedded pair have to become ac quainted Inllmntcly uud thoroughly, as Is posslblo to no other relation of life; to discover nnd fit themselves to one another's little peculiarities, which havo hcrctoforo been kept out of sight. To tho fortunato few who aro really two souls with but n slnglo thought no such readjustment Is necessary, each one Is tho complement of the other, and neither friction nor disillusionment is posslblo. But with others Micro is usually more or less need for forbearance; to endure, to hope, and to believe, If not all things, yet enough to hurt. Disillusionment Is always a painful proc ess, and In marriage It Is doubly so. It Is hard to con vince one's self that silver Is as good as gold If only ono has enough of it. When one's precious coin proves to bo only burnished nickel or copper, It takes tlmo to be thank ful that the metal, such as it is, Is pure and has been duly minted. Much of the happiness nnd, alas, much of tho misery of married life coiuo from tho fact that sensitive women are apt to hold themselves personally responsible for tho words and acts of the men whom they love and rejoice or suffer accordingly. Where friendship and love unite, each strengthening and sustaining the other, there Is ths Ideal marriage as ths Creator Instituted It when be made the first woman ns a helpmeet for the first man, not the modern partnership where the husband provides ths In come nnd the wife spends it. TILCPHOHt, LAKS VI9W ISS. rorcoiuf lewis. PECULIAR CHARACTER, FAMOUS IN PENNSYLVANIA OIL REGIONS The death of G. F. Lewis, familiar , ly known throughout western Penn sylvania as "Popcorn" Lewis, which occurred .recently nt Jefferson, Ohio, marked tho passing of a character well known throughout Western Pennsyl vania during the oil days, onco pos sessed of grout wealth, and proba bly tho only Indi vidual who ever owned nn cntlro railroad. During his early manhood Lewis amnsHcd n fortune by selling popcorn on tho streets of Cleveland. Tho souriquci oi -rop-corn" Lewis followed him to the early oil fle)ds.f along Oil Creek, where ho Increased his. fortune. Ho, became In terested In tho building of tho old Oil Creek Ilallroad, running from Oil City to Corry. Later ho put his money Into a road from Corry to Buffalo, which was a few years ago absorbed by tho Pennsylvania. Soon after its completion by buying up stock ho be 'came solo owner of tho road. Itetlrlng, Lewis made his homo at Corry, where lie built n lino homo nnd lived until about six years ago, when be went to Cleveland. Always eccen tric, ho beenmo more so ns ho aged. His was a figure that nhvayo caused comment. Tall and spure. but of erect C"S he fc? yfSrn uppenrea dress ed In the samo manner a coat of roy al purple, cut after tho style of a Prlnco Albert, fastened wlU) buttons made from ten-dollar gold pieces, bear ing his monogram; n peculiar-shaped light felt, whllo n covered basket of the "picnic" stylo swung on his arm. What he carried in his basket Is prob ably known only to his immediate family. Of late years Lewis' fortune dwin dled considerably, nnd his magnificent homo was finally disposed of. Ho re tained sufileletit to spend his remain In? days In comfort, but It wns gen erally supposed that his wealth had vanished, though where or how wns always a mystery. He is survived by a son, W. R. Lewis, who still resides at Corry, wbero be Is classed as one of the town's respected citizens. "PEOPLE OF THE ABYSS," In Oreat tirltnln, 038 Out.of'lCvery I.QOO Die "on 1'nbllc ChsrUy." Mr. London, In his "People of the Abyss," tells us that in lesser London over 1,250,000 people receive twenty-one shillings or less a week for each fam ily, and the family Is reckoned ht five persons. He tells us that ono out of every (our persons who die In London, and 030 out of. every 1,000 In the Unit ed Kingdom, die "on public charity," He says that 300,000 people In London live in one-room tenements an uver "DENIOGRAPHIST" WRITES WITH HIS TEETH. CUBE mJl ' mBBBBntiKwBrjrvA MlHBVtSBEm WmmmmS JKmmjk A nowspnper man In Connecticut who writes with his teeth Is proving that pluck carries the day in spite of the most adverse circumstances. Mr. Louis Schuelke, of Bunker Hill, Wnterhury, has nover had tho uso of bis arms or hands, so he taught hls,tceth to grasp and to hold, nnd now, with pen or brush adjusted firmly In 'those Ivory clumps, ho draws, paints and writes to his henrt's content., The pictures ho produces are of considerable merit, and tho Wnterhury Republican has him on Its books ns correspondent. Mr. Schuelko uses penholders of various shapes, tapering somcwhnt toward the pen end, and slightly flattened whero it enters the mouth; nnother Is bent In tho middle, allowing tho pen to move on the paper nt a comfortablo angle; still nnother has a cross bar nt tho end for a mouthpleco so ns to admit of a firm grip by tho teeth nnd lips. Ho writes with surprising rapid ity, tho pen being, driven by quick, firm motions of the head. His usual writing could not be distinguished from n plain round' hand. age of five to a room. He tells us that 30,000 homeless walk the streets of London every night. Ho says that In tho United Kingdom 37,500,000 people out of 40.000,000 re ceive less than $00 a month for each family; that 1,000,000 are In daily re ceipt of poor-law rellef;ithat 8,000,000 have only a week's wages between them nnd starvation; that MX) hered itary peers own one-fifth of England, and that thoy and their dependents spend every year $ 1,850,000,000, or 3a per cent of tho total wealth of the country, In tho maintenance of their vott estates and the gratification of their personal luxury. Tho primary cause for this condition of things, Mr. London thinks. Is tho struggle for commercial supremacy, and tho Immediate cause gross and stu pendous mismanagement on the part of the governing class. From Mr. Lon don't point of view, "tho political inn chine known as tho British Empire Is running down;" but he sees a smiling future for England when the discred ited machinery shall finally be cast up on the scrap heap. Philadelphia Post. Auto-Cars fbr Hiumwlers. The latest use to which the high speed automobile has been put lit France is smuggling. A few days ago a motor car with a largo quantity of tobacco on board rushed past tho cus tom bouse station nt Hazclruck at sixty miles an hour, and hnd disap peared beforo the astoulshed custom house officers bad realized what had happened. Tho smugglers had cover ed tho autoinobUo with a sacking, so that It was impossible to telegraph Its number or description to tho authori ties farther on. As tho custom house officers were convinced thnt the smugglers would repeat their exploit they prepared to arrest their progress by holding a length of wire rope In readiness to bar tho route. Their expectations were realized. Monday last tho samo auto mobile was seen coming down the rond like a whirlwind. The custom house officers brought out their wire rope, but allowed It too soon. Tho smuler-chauffcurs noticed It, wheel ed to tho right, ran alongside tho rail way, then shot across tho line at n lover crossing nnd disappeared ou French territory in n cloud of dust. To Prevent Host. To preveut rust on iron and steel tnko half a plut of fat oil varnish mixed with two mid a half pints of highly rectified spirits of turpentine nnd rub It on the metal with a sponge. This varnish may be used for Iron stoves and even on bright steel math ematical instruments without fear of injuring their fine polish and rust will not touch them. Heard at the Convert. He By George, .but hasn't she got u splendid voice? She Mercy l Just see how her skirt hangs!" Boston Transcript. A bachelor, may have no excuse for living, but the average married man has to dig up two or three excuses a week, HENRT E. BRANDT, Paints and Wall Paper 446 44 Lincoln Avenue. Irtntinar, Paperhamarlnar And Drsmttns ! UITHIR LOOMIS Prsslslsnt WILLIAM LOOMIt JAt. A. HOOAN Via Prssldsnt Osn'l Mgr. and isa's ILLINOIS STORE CO.. Dimension and Rubble Stone QUARRIES AT LEHONT. Main Office, cor. 2 2d and Lumber Sts. TKLBPHOHB CAHAt tJt. YartfNa. I. Yard Ns. I. 92d Lumbar St. CHICAGO Elilei ., 1 1lk. Itrtb DMilii Tat. Canal 136. Tat. Men res Ol. WM, LORIMBR, Prss. and Trass. WM. J. MURPHY, See. J. J. McKBNNA, VlcfPrss. Murphy & Lorimer Brick Company 639 Rookery Building, - Chicago Yards Archer and California Avci. Telephona Office, Harrison 933. PHFSfe CEMENT PAVING "177 LA SALLE St CHICAGO TELEPHONE CENTRAL 9854. Tweed & Rati MANUFACTURERS OF HIGH GRADE: Glass Signs d Fine Advertising Frames 298-300 W. Madison Street, - - CHICAGO -i TELEPHONE MONROE 1370... FRED W. UPHAM, President. O. O. AdLER, Sec'y and Treas. Fred W.Upham LumberCo. WISCONSIN HARDWOOD 215 Dearborn Street 'Phone Harrison 4280 MMHMIHMMIIMIIIHIHMIIHtMI.IHIIMM JOS. J. DUFFY. M. J. SCANLAN JOSEPH J. DUFFY & CO.. GENERAL Without his uecdie the mariner could not threa dhls way across tho " CONTRACTORS 907 Chamber of Commerce. Telephone Main 4588. Minerva Mineral Springs Sparkling TABLE WATER. HENRY GARBEN, - Proprietor CARY, McHENRY COUNTY, ILL, CHICAGO OFFICE, - - 31 WEST OHIO ST. Telephone nonree 80. DRINK A Red Elephant Split On Sale Everywhere.,; " ''Tin Right Thine in the Morfrtf." "You Know." i i m EMPLOYMENT OFFICE WEST SIDE BUREAU I to 9 South Canal Street TULICPIIOIN'E MAIN OOl NO CHARGES OF ANY KIND MADE TO EMPLOYER OR EM PLOYE FOR FURNISHING ALL KINDS OF EMPLOYMENT FOR MALE OR FEMALE HELP. ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO i - S. P. REVERE, Superintendent fX FURNITUREI Carpets, Stoves, Crockery, Rugs, Brass and Iron Beds, Lace Curtains and Shades. Cheapest Cash House in the City I HENRY STUCKART, 2509 to 25 I 9 Archer Ave. PHONE YARDS ay. GHAS. C. BREYER PlumberGasfitter 187 W. DIVISION ST., Near Milwaukee Av. Telephone Monroe 570. House Draining: a Specialty. Dealer in All Kinds Qas Fixtures. Jobbing: Promptly Attended To Tanner & Conley, MERCHANT TAILORS First-Glass Work at Moderate Prices. REAPER BLOCK 99 Washington Street, CHICAGO TELEPHONE CENTRAL 884. W. M. HOYT COMPANY, WHOLESALE GROCERS I niFOBTlBI AMD JOailM Of TEASI i, h 7 u mm in. ui 1 u m m aia:zo-fc,,.eCi f.J'AM'1 1,,'iil: A. '''