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TECES OHIOAOO EAGLE!.
$)t (Hl)icago (Eagle ftliUSHED EVERY SATURDAY HENRY F. DONOVAN. Am l4pndent Sewnpaper, Ftarltit Mad Truthful. HJISCRIPTION RATES $2.00 PER YEAR UDIIII ILt COCmCTIOK tS IT r DONOVAN, Edlttr ass Prrltr. 04 TEUTONIC UILIINQ, Crir Wnblito SV toi Mfc At. ItatwWil th poitoffio, Chlc, Illlsoli, wan mu tnif. LARGEST WEEKLY CIRCULATION IN CHICAGO. ENFORCE THE THEATER LAW. The Chicago tlii'iitrs ate not llv Ing tin to the now theater law und f ! should lie made to ilo mi. Many of the managers nsent that Iree pnes are all that tin utllt-Ials IMIIlt. Tin' Chicago Trlliiini' on Wodnes. tlnj asked: When N niovalili' si't'iHT. not niov libit-'- Judged from Mirloitx nnsucis iv col veil from building ami tl f. depart ii.ont oltleinls Ui" unwor to tills rlil ill' Is: When tlio M-i'in'ry N In Mm I.a Snlle tlli-iltcr. With reference to tin' piny. "Tim Ito.val Chef," which opened nt tin- l.a Sn.li' Momlay. these facts up n il mi 1 1 -i 1 1 y municipal theater Inspectors- That tlm I.a Salic Is in --class I" ot building, according to the new theater ordinance. That the I.a Salle Is thus prohibit -iI from Using 'moMilile" scenery. That, between the second anil thin! jut of "Thi' Itoyal Chef," the scenery iif the I.a Salle moves. Nevertheless, s.iy these olllclals. the neiiery of the I.a Salle is "tot Imlcally" Iiiiinonbe. Il.ittullon Chief liurruiisli". of the tire department, who Is In charge of Mm Inspection of Cbb-ago theaters, yesterday explained the technicality. There Is a ehango In the scenery," I at i.nt lu the frame work of the t- ii, ry," he said "I looked Int., the matter Vl.i n "Til" in.il I'hi'l' win (lrt st i il nid tu'iii'l i' r i,4- .ii violation of tin ordinance. If there had been 1 would have stumped the ilnv in ti titltmt " W. .1 Hloek. manager of the l.a sallo. told how the ordinance was evaded ( As we understand It. 'scenery' In the ordinance means framework us well as cam as." he said. -In 'The l!o il Chef we hit on the ilelie of lm luir two canvases on one frame work. When we wish to chance tho siciti'ty we draw one canvas up with a pulley " 11 this ic Ice. which has retched the sjiiietluii of the city law depart- mi nt. the l.a Salle ha obtained Im munity Hum a ptosdti of the theater ordinance to the exclusion of it fel low phi houses, like the Stelnway hall, in "class -l," The theater likewise has e, aped the steel curtain t-ciUlrcuiont and ox cec led the prescribed limit of height for theater auditoriums above the street lex el. lloth these exception are based on the tontcntloti that It is u building "without inowiblc scenery." How many Mieatets lu Chicago uiv IMug up to the law? .lust look over the nidlmmco and then oxer the theaters and see what u dlllcteiieo there I. Stripped of its mm hinge and lo cal details, the new otdlnance, lu Its tweuty-sl.x sections, piovldes: That all theaters must be equipped with nu automatie water sprinkling system over the stage, supplied from a tank not less than twenty feet higher than the building; the sprinklers to he In stalled over the since, under the stage, In the paint and pioperty rooms, and other locations back of the curtain. Stand pipes, for hose connection, sup plied with water from the tank above the building; pumps, extinguishers, lire hoops and axes, and other lire light ing appliances shall be Installed upon the stngo, subject to approval of the the umrslinl. There shall be it solid brick proscenium wall separating the stage from the auditorium, nud nil proscenium openings shall be covered by u steel curtain, which shall be In use during Mm performances an act drops or scene curtains. Iron doors shall be used for nil passages from the auditorium to the stage. All stage framing, tly lofts, stage galleries, ete., shall be of Iron. All woodwork und vetiery must be coated with iiiif lire proof solution. Outer doors leading to the stage must be vestlbuled to pre vent direct draughts. Adequate vents. o carry off smoke or lire, shall lie eon stiitcted In the roof above the stage. to be opernted by electrical cornice tlrnu which shall lead to the box of ttce and to the stage switchboard. Di agrams of all exits shall be printed in programs, All exits shall have a sep arate lighting system, showing red lights over the doors, inside, and bright electrical lights to Illuminate the exit stair outside. Automntlc lire alarm systems shall communicate with the lire department, and the automatic sprinklers, behind the curtain line, shall also communicate automatically with the department. F.ach theater shall employ two or more tlremcn. de tailed by Mm department, who shall be on duty during nil performances. The tlremcn shall require a lire drill of the house attaches at least twice it week, and no one llrciimn shall be detailed nt any theater for more than two weeks. Kach theater license shall state tlm exact seating capacity, and no one shall be admitted to the theater after these scats have been sold. All theater lights shall be controlled by a slmtoff In the lobby. The building com missioner, tire commissioner and chief of jMilIce shnll bo In absolute control of all theaters, with Inspections al lowed at any time, and upon their rec ommendation the mayor shall revoke any license and close any theater. Aisles shall all lead directly to un exit, without any turns or angles. Cross aisles, also leading to exits, shall be opened for every fifteen banks of seats on the ground floor, and be tween every nine banks of scuts In balcony or gallery. Thero shall be no riso greater thun eighteen inches be tween rows of seats, and each row of seats shall have, a space of two feet ten Inches from back to back. There shall be no more than teu seats In each row between u Isles. No nlslo shall Iw less Mian two feet eight luchea wide at the stage end and Mireo feet at the other, nud there shall bo no steps, sudden rises or other obstructions In any aisle. All doors must swing out ward, all stairways must bo always lighted during performances, and the tlnnrs shall be designated as ".Main Floor," "First Gallery" and "Second Gallery." AH exit stairs shall lend UlrecHy lo njii'll spaces or Inclosed pas Migeuill'rt, protected by llreproof walls six Inches thick. Existing buildings may have those llreproof passageways constructed within the. walls of the audience rooms, but In future construc tion of theaters all audience rooms must adjoin at least two public thor oughfares, shall lie surrounded on four sides by open passages or Inclosed lire proof passageways leading direct to the streets, No audience room now ex isting shall have Its lowest bank of seats more than tweho feet above the street level, unless the building shall bo llreproof, and lu all future construction the lower lloor shall bo on tho street level. Furthermore, all theaters to be constructed lu future shnll be absolute ly llreproof lu every particular of Its construction. THAT INDIAN WAREHOUSE. The wholesale and Jobbing hour's ot Chicago were stirred to action Tues day by the it-port that bids for Italian supplies would be lccclvcd by the gov ernment In St. I.ouis Instead of In Chi cago. 'Telegrams addicted to con gressmi'ii at Washington brought the Information that tlie reports were well founded, and that the lopicscutntivos wore working haul to head of the movement. Tlie icsiilt was that the following telegram was sent iroin omo of the business houses: "To the President. Washington: Wi are advised that the opening of bids for shoes, hardware, and drugs is to I, trnisif-r d In t I. ai's. i -i t I'm- In t line- .win slio-v tills in I ni'.i ' . nd . .i .i t tin' l.t-t I l' ik of the government, and we icspcctful- ly ask our Interference.' The houses that sent Mils telegram or ii similar one nre: Held. Murdoch & Co.. M. 1). Wells -Co., Kelley, .Mnu A. Co., Franklin MaeVeagh ,- Co., .1. V. Farwell A Co.. Cat sou. I'hle, Scott V- Co.. Sprague. Winner V Co., IMwurds ,x- Stanwood Shoe Company, Mtuand - Knsper Co., Sol. Schwab A- Co. Secretary .1. N. lilenu of the llluols Manufacturers' Association also tools tlie matter up and dispatched mes sages to Congressman Mann, Senator Hopkins and the president. said The three lines of goods tunned In clude neatly all of the contracts award ed by the government with the e.vccp- f tloii of clothing and dry good. These are awarded In New York and dellv- k-rcd to the New Yolk Indian ware bouse. 1 think no one him ever at- l' tempted to iiuestle.li the fullness of awards here, and Chicago lias always taken from seven to nine-tenths of the contracts," PARKER FIRST, THE REST ? May I'litterson. the able Washington correspondent of tlie Tribune, tele graphs his paper as follows: "Henio eiats who claim to be disinterested nud who think they know how to read the signs of the political times suy that the party nomination will go to I'arker. (iray. Cleveland or (ionium, and they place the chances of the four men In tlm order given. Most of the experts at the capital already have eliminated Ilryiin. Hearst. Olnoy. Francis. Cock roll, 'I'oiii .lohusoii, lugalls ami other siib-calllier statesmen. "They have settled down lo the be lief Miat I'arker will have tlie largest following In Mm convention as far us any single candidate Is concerned, and they would not be surprised If he had pretty near to a majority from the oiitsei. The uncerlnlnly of the situa tion arises, It s said, fiom tlie proba bility that Itryan ami Hearst and Mm elements they icprcscnt will control more than a third of the convention, ami thus be lu a position to put a veto upon the choice of the majority. It Is assumed by the Democratic authori ties who aie studying the situation with a gieat deal of anxiety Mint Par ker will have the solid vole of New Yoik State. D. II. Hill Is not a man to take any chances, and he will be certain to enforce the milt Mile, which Is always hiiicMoiiciI by Democratic convention-, on this account it Is as sumed that when Hearst Is beaten, as the Democratic leaders fully expect him to lie. his followers naturally will be more Incensed at Parker than at anyone else, and hence It Is supposed Hearst and Itryau will be more than satisllcil If they can kill oil' the Kings ton Judge, letting the convention do what It wishes with the other cinidl dales." EA9LET8. The annual banquet at Mm Iroquois Club will be held at the Auditorium on April l.'J, .left-orson's birthday. The following speakers will respond to tonsU: Otlieral Nelson A. Miles. Senator Francis O. Newlands, Ne vada. Senator F.dwnrd W. Carmack, Ten nessee. Senator C. A. Culberson, Texas. Senator Thomas M. Patterson, Colo rado. Mayor Carter II. Harrison, Chicago. 111. Hon. Adlal Stevenson, ex-vlce presi dent of the Fulled States. Htm. William F. Yllas, ex-posni.tster general. Governor I.. F. C. Garvin. Hhode Island. Congressman John Sharp Williams, Mississippi, Democratic leader of the House (letter). It seems unnecessary to say that this list comprises some of the most prom inent and eloquent Democrats of tlm United States anil that It is the best list of speakers ever offered at a banquet In this or any other city. This banquet will be watched with Intel est throughout the entire eountiv and we hope will be tlie most memora ble one ever given by the club. Dr. C. C. Sheldon, out of the leading physicians of Wisconsin, asserts that appendicitis Is catching. Well, we have always been n pretty good run ner. One Chicago man travels nearly 1 .tint l miles every week to attend Sun day school: yet hundreds of others Und two blocks luo great a Journey to undertake. A Philadelphia business mm who considered an elevator a "death trap and roiuscd to ride on one broke his neck by falling downstairs, lie slipped on the top step, HulTalo Illll. alter being married nearly forty years, wants a divorce, one illllereucc between measles and divorces Is that as a rule only the young have measles. King Ktlward has forbidden the sing ing of topical pongs relet ring to the Uusso-.lapaue.so war. It has always been siir-pccttHl that I'd ward had a good streak In him. While there are still people easy enough to let go of .VJ.od to consult a hoodoo, It seems nluuixt llku a waste of tlmo to lie working honestly for if-'.i'ij a day. Sarah llurnh.irdt's memoirs nro soon to lie published. The fact that all the publishers have been scrambling to se cure the American rights would seem to Indicate that they thluU she has stuck closely to facts. 'I iier- Is no gii'tlu,: away from the ( t that in- of the ii.iii I;cd icitirc lhe trausfcirlng of the awarding of ()f ;,,,,. external en- contracts to M, bnN would result In Vil wlc,( ,. Umt lt N the removal of the warehouse to that , um,v , ,H,(.(mu, ,,,,,,, s,Mr- Place. Mipt. Itoger ( . Spooner of the Wp lnHt ,jmt .. ., ,m, lllNtakeii. Indian warehouse. IW.. Canal street, ....... ,..,,, ..., ...... i,.,,,..,. tilu of Congress today Is the advanced oars of most of the men of teal pow er who sit on either side, particularly In Die Senate, The ancient adage as to old men for counsel and young men for war still obtains. The staiidniil rallro.ul gauge, four fret eight and one-half Inches, Is morely the old horse en it gunge, for the loco motive was regarded at the time of Its Invention as a steam road wagon, lie fore every engine trots the ghost of a discarded horse. earth might get between them and be pulled out of shape like a wad of gum. The coaxing away ot I'uropcati emi grants to this country for the sake of the head money taken for carting Mieni over Is causing much trouble for every nation on Mm continent. Oovernuieuts cannot create migratory currents, nor should traiMportallon cnmpauhH be allowed to tamper with them. They are like the great marine and aerial cur rents which How where they are most attracted until some natural change dl veils them elsewhere. Hut It Is a mistake to suppose that all the Hiiro pea 1 1 governments are trying to get rid of their subjects. Deep-sea sailors used to laugh nt their brother mariners of the coastwise trade, and refer to them as men who "liked to go to sea when they could get home to dinner." The gibe would have had little point lu the Philippines, the coast-line of which tins been found to measure more than eleven thousand miles. Tills Is double the coast-line of the United States outside of Alaska, lu the Philippines there Is one mite of mast to every ten miles of urea. In the Fnltcd States the ratio Is one to live hundred und llfty-llve. The Phil ippines have u string of pat lugs out of all proportion to the apple Itself, In many respects the great Siberian railway seems to be a delusion and a snare. It Is said to have earned some ?.',.-( h MM nt less than lis running ex penses last year. The Interest on Its cost Is probably not less than .f 1i,(hmi, uihi a year. In view of the fact that lliissla would never have got Into a war with .lapan but for Mils railway It would seem us If the Itusslaus, In pay ing nearly .fl.'.ono.oixi a year for their two strips of Iron across Asia, to which there Is to be added the SI.IKHDWO a day the war Is costing Mieni, would have been u good ileal better off to have eoniluctetl their exploitation of the Far Fast inoie slowly. Professor tinnier proved to his own satisfaction that monkeys talk. A French savant reports that he has translated the. vernacular of cats. Now we shall hear both the words and the music of hack-yard concerts. "Aello" means that pussy Is hungry, "allloo that she U thirsty; "hie" that she wants some milk. "HI" means red incuts "bleeme-b," cooked meat; "ptleo-b," mice, and so on. It Is evi dently a Persian or a sacred Kgyptlaii cat which the professor heard. Any good American eat says "miaow" anil "p-rrr," ami has no respect for grain mar. Should a wife press her husband's Ire-users? This momentous question Is being agitated In liostou. Through tho columns of the Hoston Post such well known women as Ktlnn I). Cheney, Mrs. .Inlhi K. Duff, Mines. L. It. and John I,. Hales, mother and wife, re spectively, of the Massachusetts Gov ernor, nud others have expressed their Uews at some length on this weighty problem. Some of tlieso take the stand that the task of trousers pressing is a menial service, while others declare that It should bo regarded us a loving privilege. Those of Mie ladles who ar gue the loudest nud the longest would probably pi ess the creases on the sides inslead of the front of the trousers limbs If they tried to do anything with them. It Is safer to allow your tailor to have to do with these important gar ments. It'-cent letters from China announce that there has been a great change In the attitude of the Chinese toward for elgu things since tho Hoxer uprising. The Dowager F.mpross has an automo bile and an electric launch,, both of which she Uses. Her newest gowns have foreign trimmings, "passemen telle bortlerlngs. braided motifs, pail lettes ami French lace sewed Hat." She likes a leather liet) and a rocking chair, und has some chairs of foreign make with springs mid soft cushions to case her old bones. Following the fashion set by their nilcr, Mm government olllters are adopting foreign customs. Six- print es drive about Pekln In broughams, ami inoie than sixty de cent elvlll.ed carriages are used by the various oilleois. a rock-crushing' ma chine and two steam road rolleis have been oidercd tor use in Improving tho streets, and Prince Su, who has charge of the city, promises to have the roads lu Mich trooil condition In a year that air automobile may bo driven safely all over the capital. "Yes, slime, you ask me," said the little seamstress, "tho rich Monroes aie relations of ours. Hut they are so much better off than we that we try to keep out of their way." Her tone was seit-rcspectlng, even. If It was a little haul, Doubtless her state of mind could ho .matched In the experi ence of thousands of American women who have no tasto for being known ...... .... . ..u ...n.M w ,ib nuuwil iis "poor relations." Tho clinging de - pendenco of the poor relation Is rapid- ly passing away. Tho varied occupa linns open to women hnvo dono some thing toward their emancipation. Scarcely any woman need now beg, If she chooses to work. From keeping books to cleaning lamps, fiom manng lug a house to writing n hook, from Inventing an egg-beater to soliciting fo" iiisii'-atice. the world Is open to her. She need not, as lu the time of U.arlcs Lamb, ciluge and (latter for V.itt. lti..c .. ilu, villi 1 dllnwllli? an Invitation to dinner, nud mend and alter the cast-on gowns of her rich cousins to suit tlie changing mode. I'ei haps the pendulum has swung a little too far In the other direction. A rich 1 elation Is not iiecessmlly to be despised, Self-iespecl may easily be come self-assertion . Kven the Old Testament puts together what an overproud working woman might think belonged apait, when It declares, "Wisdom Is it defense, and money Is a defense." The rcpto.ich of tlm phrase "poor relations" has nearly dis appeared. It would not be strange If the contempt In the phrase "llcli rela tions" were to follow It Into the past. College graduates who lccclvcd their diplomas even within the last twenty years can tccall the cloud of suspicion that seemed to descend upon the students nt examination time. Professors sat lu the rooms whole the tests were made, and proctors or moni tors assisted them in precnting and detecting "cribbing." No greater or more wholesome contrast to Mils con dition could be found Mum has Ikcii created by the Introduction of the "honor system," under which the stu dents themselves, not the fneully, have chin go of the examinations, und be come responsible for the honesty of them. During the period of examina tions students enter ami leave the room at will, ami are not watched. The only check upon their conduct Is that, at the completion of the task, the student signs a statement In the following or lu a similar form: "I pledge my honor as a gentleman Mint 1 have iicllher given nor received as sistance during Mils examination." Upon the students, too, Is Imposed (he task of punishing any Infraction of Mils pledge, and this brings an Inter esting case In point, In one of the colleges where the honor system pre vails, live students were lately detect ed In using examination papers dis honestly obtained. The student who made the discovery went boldly be fore his fellows ami made It known. Ills act met with hearty applause, and tlie live offenders were all ex pelled. Was not this talebearing? Is talebearing ever commendable? The answer to both questions must be yes. When a body of men have worked faithfully to maintain it valuable pos session and other men attempt to steal It, It Is as much a duty, yes, more of a duly, to cry, "Stop, Milcf'" to him who Is assailing the public souse of honor as to him who Is break lug Into a bank safe. College men are to be congratulated upon (lie lldel Ity which they have shown to the honor system, ami no less are they to be commended for the courage and gootl sense with which they separate the moan-spirited and sclllsh talebear er from him whose sole motive Is pub lic spirit and loyalty to honor. Tho Immigration laws are fairly ef fective ns regards keeping out crime and disease. They tlo not keep out Ig norance, though It be ot the darkest, densest kind. The political dangers of that Ignorance In a country where an alien can become a voter lu live years or less ought to be apparent. The man who has lived for a quarter of a century or more hi a P.uropcau coun try without learning to read or write, ami without knowing much about the government of that country, Is not like ly to acquire lu live years' residence lu the United States that knowledge of its Institutions which Is needed to make him an Intelligent voter. The naturalization of such a man merely swells the number of "voting cattle" and adds to the dllllcttlty or governing the great cities decently. Five years Is a short enough term of probation, but lu some States aliens are allowed to vote after they have been residents a year or a year and a half, or have taken out their llrst papers. The West ern States resorted to this practice at an early day In order to stlniulato Im migration. They needed settlers to oc cupy tho vacant lands, and believed that was a good way to get them, 'there Is not the eagerness to get Immigrants Mint there was llfty or sixty years ago, and the custom of making men voters before they nro cltlxcns of the United States should he abandoned by the States which still adhere to It. During tho administration of John Adams the period of residence prior to naturali zation was raised from 11 vo years to fourteen. That was a partisan meas ure. The Fcilcrallsts believed tlie ma jority of the Immigrants would vote against them when they got the bal lot. The law was repealed Immediate ly after Jefferson became President, and the term has been live years ever since. Party chiefs are timid about recommending legislation which they fear may he unpopular and cost theh pnrty votes, and It Is doubtful whether an attempt will bo made to change the naturalization laws to give aliens more time lu which to become fniiilllar with the Institutions of this country, liven If thu term of probation wore to be ten years or llfteen. the hopelessly Ignor ant aliens would not become Intelligent voters. That Is why It Is better to go to the root of the matter by forbidding tlie Immigration of Illiterates. In a brief newspaper paragraph pub llshod a few weeks ago the world read the last chapter lu a pitiful tragedy. The commission appointed to Investi gate thu rumors and charges against Mr.) character of Gcucr.il Sir Hector Macilouald, of the Hrltlsh army, who, when the charges were made public, took his own life, reported unanimous. 1 Mint not a shred of evidence of any crime or other moral obliquity could lie found. Sir Hector .Macilouald was, next to l.oijl Huberts, the F.ugllsh military Idol, He rose to his high io sitlon by his own efforts. At tlm start ho had no advantages of birth or wealth or lutlueutlal friends. Ilu made his wjiy by proving his worth. Ills i v ' " 1 nlfUnniiio of "Fighting Mae" was both !u tenu of "'"'wirmeut and a popular honor. His whulu life was given to his country, and his services were groat. This must he kept In mind to under stand Mm weight of the words of thu commissioners: "Wo tlud the late Sir Hector Macilouald had been cruelly assassinated by vilu und slandering tongues. Other cases of thu ruin wrought by "vile and slandering tongues" are not far to se.-ls, I.o-il I'.iunce.'ote, late ItrltMi uiuhassiulur t) 0Kff'MaamaaWa mmwrWaW WBSm u$Jii?4ZJmamaamam?s. SHKJl H KBIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIBIi tt(i, r WIIBi maaamBaaaaaaaaaaaaaWaaWu:liWiK iHHH HON. CHARLES F. GUNTHER, President of the Iroquois Club, Which Gives a Great Banquet April 13. the United Stales, was, in the opinion of many persons, murdered by those who lied about his diplomatic actions at the beginning of the Spanish-American war. Our own Flt.-.lohn Porter, although the sunset of his days was clear, yet suffered a terrible Injustice for years. There are many kinds of cowards, but none lower ami more despicable than the slanderer. It would be interesting to know what the Utah courts would do If the polyg- t rf j . -.. -; -, . j ; , - tajHHHfirC ' :dmmmmmmmmmi(& SmkKMkkKMk "V. yZtteVQtMMkkkkkkkkkmW" iMmmmmmmmmmm. yMmW. 'IZV l'kakakakakakakka.4':T-:akakakakaBM HON. ANDREW J. GRAHAM, The Well-Known Banker and Popular West Park Commissioner. aiulsts were to plead that their plural wives are of the "constructive" va riety. Tho Czar of Itussln has contributed ".(XMXh),imk) roubles to the war fund, but It isn't likely that this will make lt necessary fur him to live on rice or oat meal. The Hartford Post wants to know what should be done with a man wlic laawaamBmK& Lit J .iiiiiiiiBFH A. W. SCHWANE, Democratic Candidate for Iderman of Twenty-Sovcnth Ward, "eats pie with his knife." Teach him to cat It with his teeth. One reason for the Interest with which Americans follow the deeds of the .la pa nose navy may I e the num ber of Japanese commanding olllci'is wlio received their tialnlng at Annap olis. They number seven, the llrst of whom was appointed lu lSil!); the last was of the class of 10!!0. Sotshlchl Urlu, who Is now nu admiral nud com mander of the licet which sank tlie .: ' -rry'' ' .H;'-' , llttsshiu vessels at Port Arthur, ended his course at Annapolis In 1881. His wife Is a Japanese woman who was also etliieted lu Mm United Stato-i, and Is a graduate of Wollosloy College. At Annapolis the Japanese students tool; the same course of training and the same studies as are prescribed by act ot Congress for American midshipmen. Grover Cleveland has Joined tho Masons, isn't it rather late for him to , begin the lodge habit?