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TUBS OHIOAOO B3AOLB3.
fclje Cljtcago (Eagle WILISHED EVERY SATURDAY HENRY P. DONOVAN. Am Imwtptadent Newspaper, Fearlatt and Truthful. MSCMPT10N RATES 12.00 PER YEAR ASSBM Alt COCII1CitIO!t T P.DONOVN,EdlUr ! PrrlUr, 04 TIU10NIO 1UILBINO, CfMf WuMiftoi 31 in4 Ml At. It thl Ifcittnffin PM IlllftU Uti ail! mitur.) c - i i LARGEST WEEKLY (MDLATION IN CHICAGO. ILLINOIS. In national cmnpaltts of the past States have been 'designated as pivotal, mill upon this proportion Now York mill Indiana have been legnrdcd from time immemorial as tlio koystoij of tin- presidential campaign arch. ' This, however, lias been largely ilue to the fa t that other conditions were regarded as Immutable. The-.ii eolldltlotis, however, have been proven by the march of events as IIU longer tlM'd. The .State of Illinois, for liistance, N now looked upon as debatable ground, mid In this State In the approaching r.unpalgn there Is bound to be u whirl wind of polities. Should the Republicans nominate for reelection the present Governor of the .State Hon. Itlehard Yates the' Ite-publican-, will have the advantage of a Mrong candidate and a united party. In the renoinlnntlon of Yates lies the chief hope of the Itepubllcaus of Illi nois this year. To turn him down for in) good reason, and nono now exists, mid pick up a new man would mean the loss of thousands of votes to the Itepubllean State ticket. Illinois N not as strongly Itcpubll rnn now as it was In the days that witnessed tho war fever In the Prnlrlo SState. It has been carried, and that not so Ions ago, by the Democracy, and there are many wise and far-seeing political leaders In this State to-day who claim to see through a possible rift In the Itepubllean Into and thor ough and concerted action anions the Democrats a ehaueo to do the trick Ug.lllt. Thus tho situation here In Illinois Is fBaaaaaamaaaawL ueh as to make the wisest political leaders doubtful. Illinois will probably be one of the photal States In this campaign, and the storm center of the politics of the nation. WE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE. The Mueller law was Indorsed by the people at Tuesday's election. Some of the laws we got In Chicago have 'stormy weather ahead of thcin, but then thej cot there. In o far as the Mueller law I concerned It may be mentioned that one mayoralty cam paign was won out on It: one Speaker of the Iloiiouf llepresentatlves In the General Assembly of the State of Illi nois was mobbed and driven out of the Lchalr on account of It, and It Dually remained to be passed up to the pco- Lple ot Chlcairo to decide whether thoj wanted It or not. Inasmuch as not , more than tl."i per cent of these citizens voted at Tuesday s election, It Is a ipiestlon whether the people of Chicago teally want this law or not. .lust 171V ihhi otes nut of the total ieglteicd vote of Chicago, which Is nearly Uii, inhi. were east for the Mueller bill, the agitation for which nearly produced anarchy In this State a year or so ago. Out of the 172.hmi votes It N a -Mf,. proposition to make that not one out of every ten who knew when he marked his ballot In favor of It what the .Mueller bill Is, what Its main pro visions are, or what It relates to. any way. Yet It Is upon such conditions that public a tl'alrs are molded and the fortunes of statutes and of statesmen are decided. Vox Popull. Vox Del. 11a! Hit!! iia::: THE SPRING CAMPAIGN. The spring campaign Is over and to, the average citizen there Is little to" rejoice about It. The tumult and the expense has been borne by the citizens, but where the bcnellt comes In Is the doubtful iuautlty. There Is one feature of our munici pal elections of late days, however, that forms subject for congratulation to the people of this city, namely, the power for good that Is exerted by the Municipal Voters' Iamhuc. ruder the direction of Walter 1,. risher. the elllclent secretary of that organization, the Municipal Voters' League has certainly done much to bcnellt the city of Chicago and to In lug about good results In Its municipal government. MAGAZINES I OR APRIL. Till: HOOKLOVF.US' maga.inf.. The April number ot the ltooklovers' Magazine appcnls to a wide variety of tastes. There Is solidity without heav iness, entertainment without shallow ness, mid Instruction without pedantry In Its panes. The article have a vivid present timelines and a permanent value besides. Talcott Williams contributes a mas terly statement of tho leal meaning of the Husso-.lnpanese war to the Apt II uiiiulier. It Is not, In his opin ion, a mere war for territorial aggran dizement at least on the part of .la pan. The struggle 1 ultimately to maintain or to overthrow the "world's last nfeat powerful despotism," and Incidentally to preserve Asia for the Asiatics. Dr. Williams' article Is without question one of the most au thoritative and Illuminating that has so far appeared In print In reference to the contest In the Fur F.ast. The second article on "The Two I'nellles," by Harold Holce, continues his valuable observations on the Indus trial value of the Orient. The April Installment tells of the foreign exploi tation of China's marvelous resources, and points out many of the present and prolltable opportunities that con front the alert Western business man In the Flowery Kingdom. Incidental ly, Mr. Holce draws attention to the newly discovered value, strategic and commercial, of those "stopping-stones to the Orient," the Aleutian Islands, This discovery opens up u new Held for commercial exploitation nearer home than China, mid those Interested will do well to read Mr. Boleo's de scription of It, Lovers of art will 11 ml much to de light them In the April number. There ate reproductions, In color, of live of the most Important pictures shown at the recent exhibition held at the Car negie Institute at Pittsburg; an article on the art of Jrihn W. Alexander, the portrait painter, with examples of some of his later and most character istic work: Mrs. Wlodorsclni presents three pictures, lii color, of "The Out-of-Door Girl," and the article on "Kn Claud's Moated Houses" Is richly Illus trated by Herbert Ilallton's exipilsite pen-uud-lnk wmk. WOMAN'S IIO.MP. COMPANION. The April number of the Woman's Home Companion onciis with u re markable m tide on I.ady Curznn, "The Chicago Girl Who Utiles India." by Arthur lloyt. Martini Sanford writes of "The Clialing-Dlsh ami the College Girl." There N a thrilling description of the adventures of "Kate Shelley, the Iowa Heroine." Of interest to all religious neoiile is the deserliitlon of the pllllauthioplcft of "The Disciples of Christ," and the great pictorial teat- ire on the "Louisiana I'urchase Lxiio- sltlou" Is unique In IN way. A proper to a spring number, there are many diverting short stories, such as "The Matrimonial Adventures of llertle," While llteii kfiist Waited" ami "Tone. the Ferrymald." Mrs. will II. Low continues her delectable cooking article-,, Miss Gould devotes several panes to simple mid charming spring fash ions, and Mrs. Salnt-Maur lias some excellent hints to girls who want to travel. Articles on gmrtculug and the making of li u-liioiiev close a snleinllil spring number. Published by The Ciowell Publishing Company, Spring- Held, Ohio; one dollar a year; 10 cents a copy. EAGLETS. Mr. John V. Cliirke, the banker, Ih n most respected citizen. Hon. J. J, Mc.Miiuamau has gained honor as a legislator. Mr. Kdwnrd 11. Peters Is a popular West Park Commissioner. Hon. Charles Wcnio 1 one of the best lnetnbeis of the Council. Hon. 1'red W, Uphatu is a model cltl zen and olllolal. Hon. M. V.. Hunt made n pood record lit the Legislature. Mr. John 1 O'Malley Is respected In nil business circle. Mr. Clyde A. Morrison I a most suc cessful lawyir. Mr. Luther Laflln Mills Is a lawyer of grand attainments. MY. John C, Fetzcr Is a business man whom nil tespecl. c Attorney Sidney Artier Is n lawyer of high ability. r. Mr. George 11. Walker holds a high plaee ax a legal ndvocate. Mr. Chntlos ('. llreyer Is heart of a great plumbing tlrui. Hon. Chailcs F. (iuuther hn made it grand name as an olllclal. Hon. William 11. Weber Is n tellable olllclal. Hon. Philip Stein Is it Judge of the highest merit. Mr. Alexander II, Uevell fs a mer chant of the highest standing. Hon. Mile J. Devlne Is a great law yer and a good citizen. President Thulium A. Smyth, of the Drainage Hoard, is a valuable olllclal. Mr. S. P. Itevere Is popular in olllclal life. Mr. Tom Cotiley Ik a successful and popular merchant tailor. Justice -Olnf F. Seversou Is an able lawyer and Justice of the Peace. Mr. Virgil M. llratul stands high In the business world. Any boy who will carry percussion caps In his hip pocket ha a whole lot ol conlldeiu-e in hi mother. Japan has not yet furnished a list of the things which she consider contra band of war, but It Is probable that Koiea Is ouu of them. One of the students of history who looks up little things declare that no man has ever been President who parts his hair In the middle. Mr. Uockefeller may liuvo gone Into the violet business merely for tho pur pose of giving Miss Ida Tarbell some thing else to write about. A Kansas man who Is both a physi cian and an undertaker has also bought a drug store, and does not now see how they can escnpo him. Intense consternation was created by the appearance of a donkey In a ballroom at Florence. Italy. These Newport styles spread slowly. At this stage of the proceedings there Is a splendid opportunity for An drew Ciiruoglu to endow a conserva tory. The hen that thinks this country can not exist without eggs Is liable to soon discover that she was oil In her click Icatluiis. The fifth wife of old Ucronlmo, the Indian chief, died a few days ago, Oeroiiimn, however, never claimed to be an Inspired prophet. The war Is growing really serious. "It Is said," "it Is reported," mid "it Is rumored," are falling hack before "1 can state with conlidence." The New York Court of Appeals lias decided that a lady teacher In the public schools cannot be discharged for getting married. That's right. Uttssln will buy no Missouri mules. Without no Missouri mules and de prived of American sympathy, Uussla couldn't even carry Uhodo Island, There must bo a distinct understand ing that the motto about following the Unman customs when In ltome does not apply to the State of Utah. China Intimates dim she does not know what Mr. Hay means by "ad ministrative entity," but she would like to have some iino Insure her geo graphical anatomy. Argentine, Chill, Itra.ll and Itollvhi are reported to have formed an alli ance for the purpose of opposing the United States. No matter. Venezuela continues to bu our friend. "Tho main business of tho child," avers Principal Watt, "Is to grow." It Is tlio opinion of many experienced parents that the main business of tho male child Is to eat. Growth Is mere ly secondary and Incidental. Dm lug the recent centennial colo brntfou of tho llritish mid Foreign Hlble Society ono fact appeared which Is of especial Interest to Americans -that tho llrst book Issued from tho press of the society In a foreign tongue wa- tlin (iospel of St. John In the Mo- linwk tongue. This was distributed among the Indians of Central New Yotk, a region that was then "for eign," although It had once been llrlt-Wi. Germany Is accused of n desire to buy San Domingo, lltieniles of er many ought to encouiage her If she Is harboring such a scheme. It would be hard to think of anything that could be more tuniblesome to the Fath erland than San Domingo. The decision of me eneinl stalT of the United States Army to recommend that the new post at Ilalnes Mission, Alaska, he named Fort William II. Sowatd Is appropriate and significant. Mr. Sewaul was the statesman who, as Secretary of State, negotiated the purchase of Alaska fioni Uussla. During thu Sp.iiilsli-.uiierlean wnr the United States naval authorities lost for a time some of the mines which had been sunk In the waters of certain coast haibois. The Itttsslans are not thus lucky; their ships seem to find the mines when their olllccrs ate not looking for them with disas trous effects. There has grown tip In recent times a system which has robbed military titles, both of laud and sea forces, of their old-tliue slgulllcaiice. Former ly a colonel meant the commander of a regiment, hut It Is not the caso at present, as a colonel may be a pay master or a doctor, an ordnance olllcer or a commissary of subsistence. A rear admiral was formerly considered an olllcer actually commanding a fleet, whereas now he may he the chief pay master general, the engineer In chief, a surgeon general, the head of the naval construction corps, and so on, us all these olllccrs are now Indiscrim inately commissioned rear admirals. .Much Is written about Immigration to the United States, little about emi gration from the Pulled States; yet during the year ll)t the number of those who sailed for P.uropu from At lantic coast ports was more than one fourth as large its the number of those who arrived at those ports. This, the Immigration olllccrs say, Is evidence of general Industrial iiiosneiltv. Mm,t r the eastwmd-bound passengers nro for eigners who have lieen In this country long enough to accumulate a reason. libel sum of money, and are going itoino to enjoy It. Others are working men who go back to thu old country for the sake of bringing out their fami lies, or for a visit; and still others are men who can make enough dur ing seven or eight months' work In America lo enable them to live abroad during tho lest of the year. An Instructor, addressing a largo body of teachers at the University or Chicago recently, advised against read ing novels eXCCIlt for Inlelleelnnl lm. provement. She said that too many persons renti novels merely for pleas tire, and she added that character de lineations should recommend them selves mure than romantic plots. There are certainly too many trashy novels on tliu market, but these are read largely by thoso who feel thu necessi ty of gutting some romance Into tho humdrum existence of to-day, Tlio novel of disquisition and problem does not appeal strongly to thesu people. They are too tired of battling with tho problems the novels discuss nn.i do not solve. Tho speaker wont on, However, to say that the novel was the distinctive literary typo of tho nineteenth century, Just as tho drama was tho typo of tho Kllzabcthan age. "That." slio said, "was because the days of Hllzabeth were days of action. In those ilavs iipi-roiim i-mli-imu.i.i i...i own wrongs. To-day tti'ey wait for tho taw. nils no longer Is an age of dis covery, exploration and action, so we have to get our action from liooks. To-day wo certainly wait for tho law to redress our wroinrs at least snnm of us do but It seems strange to hear anyone saying that these nro not tho days of action, and that this Is no longer the ago of dlscovm-v nn.i exploration." Sonny, spare tho robins and tho blue Jays. These birds nro mentioned he cause you seem to huve a special grlev mice against them. Yes, they nro saucy fellows, all right, hut as yon well know, that's only a bluff. They are chipper because they know what they are hero for, and they nro In dependent becatiso they nro good Americans. And they mean business. Did you ever notlco how they go after the worms and tho grubs that Intern leaves mid vines and trees? To he sine they will sometimes help them selves to fruit If they can't Hud worms. Hut they really prefer worms as a steady diet. What If they do occasion ally nip a few berries or cherries? Hot ter than you they have earned tlio right to help themselves by holding to save the ciop. Hver think of that? Of course It's hard to take a dare from a chattering liluejay scolding tit you from a branch. Tlunw a stono at him, if you must, just to teach him his place. Hut bo sure you miss him. Now, really, my boy, does It give you any big satisfaction to pick up a dead bird that you have klllled? Poor, bloody, pitiful little tiling. Have you ever lost a brother or a sister? Who knows but that some brother bird feels like you did ut that time? llesldes. What right have you lo take the llfo of any living thing save It may lie for fond? God Almighty mndo tlio lilids for a purpose. Do you want to bo found lighting against God? Tho onion Is well, you know. You know, too, that It Is awfully strong, hut likely did not know that Its great strength had caused it to gut into trouble recently and llkowlso into tho courts. In Vermont a teacher for badu cot tain girls to como to school unless they stopped eating onions. Tho casu went through several courts and tlio onion won, tho teacher boing for bidden to exclude tho girls. Hut the Indiana courts havo taken tho other tack, mid thero tho advocates of tho onion mot with crushing defeat. A merchant complained of n restaurant keeper who occupied tho floor ubovo the storo mitl whoso specialty np peated to bo fried onions, served at any hour. Tho merchant stood It as long as ho could, and then invoked the htw. He lepresented to tlio cottit that the odor of fried onions was not per sonally disagreeable, but that many of his customers objected to having fried onion odors wrapped up with their pur clmses. The defendant, In answer, de clined the onion a vegetable which Is necessary to the happiness of man kind, and that there were ceitaln pro scilbed forms In which It could bo prepared. He further declared that science thus far had not been a bio to Invent any plan for the reduction of onion odors or their confinement. The court did not dispute the latter allega tion and did not attempt (o picscrih3 the legal limitations of the odor, hut alllrmed the damages given by thu trial court and admonished the defend ant to curb his fried onions. It will be noticed fiom these two decisions that, while It Is all light to eat onions before going to school, It Is all wrong to fry them unless ouu docs It alono In the woods. The common imptessloti prevails that accidents ale more frequent to passenger than to freight trains, and that accidents of the latter kind do not bear an Important relation to the former. In analyzing ttie Interstate Commerce Commission's report of rail road casualties for the quarter ending Sept, :tl. HUM, the Fnglneerlng News gives llgures to show that the popular Idea Is erroneous. The fact Is set forth In the following table, giving the av erage frequency of accidents to mov ing trains: ' Passenger Freight trains. tiahis. Collisions third quarter HUH... 2.-1 ' 1,51 1 Dei ailments third qtuiiler 110 1,138 '1 i- n I it mileage IWJ -103,0i:),2:il J0JI.71 1,170 A v. inlleiigu for the quarter... ,10l,-10a,nOS 121,1)27,701 Miles urn per col- Hsloi 401,000 82,500 Miles per derail ment 724,:i00 107,700 Train mileage statistics for 1002 are taken because the HH).'t figures have not been complied. From tho table it will be seen that on an average a passenger train wllj suiter onu col lision In the course of running KM, 000 miles and one derailment while running nbout 723.000. The results us to freight trains, however, show that they meet with collisions about live times' as often as do passenger trains mid with derailments about seven times as often. A partial explanation of these facts Is that three times as many derailments occur from defects In rolling stock as occur from defects In track. Nevertheless the figures seem to show that there Is at least live times as much carelessness In moving freight trains as there Is In operating passen ger trains. When the greater speed of the latter Is taken Into considera tion, tho percentage of carelessness would probably bo even greater against tho freight train movement. Figures are not given to show how many passenger train-collisions are with freight trains, but It Is, known that tlio percentage Is large, and there fore the operation of freight trains has a most Important hearing upon the safety of the traveling public. It Is Interesting to know that opeiatiug mil clals have a ready explanation for thu greater frequency of accidents In tho freight service. It Is the Inevitable re sult, they declare, of picking the flower of the engluemeii and firemen for the passenger service. Trnlllc In both branches has Increased at such an un precedented rate that the draft upon the freight service for thu passenger of the most experienced and best crews has left tho freight service some what at tho mercy of Inexperienced men. General uianagers realize fully the danger to safe operation that lies In such rapid growth, hut, being com pelled to keep tho passenger service up to tho standard, they presumably have also been compelled to get along the best they could for the tltuo being with the freight service. There Is another side to this boy criminal business. You can think of It whllo tho youthful car-barn robbers in Chicago pay for their crimes with their lives. It Is tho money side of It. Do you give your boy money? lias ho an Income, small, perhaps, but sure? Does ho work and feel that he Is earning tho money? We have In mind ouu father who was wise enough to realize that fun and business could bo mixed mid n great deul of.natural mischief headed off, He gavo his boy an allowance and made him earn It. It was 10 cents a week at thu start, and tho lad blacked shoes, kept the walk hi front of tho house swopt and did a lot of small work. It ac cumulated lor him on his school holi day. No, hu didn't whlnu mid wonder why somebody elsu, was not assigned thu task. Ho was earning money, Kurly In llfo hu tasted the sweetness of pennies honorably earned. Ho thnugth innio or thu 10 cents (hat eiimu to him weekly U'cnusu ur his labor than tho occasional gifts of money that cmnu to him at other pe riods. Hu was a business man. Ho luul small compunction In wasting money given to him quttight, but those haid-earned pennies Just naturally giavllnted to a toy bank. Thu saving Instinct and thu working Instinct were moused at thu sauiu time. When tho weekly salary was increased to 25 cents inoro labor was added. Tho boy was not robbed ot his play-spell time, but hu did havo a duty to perform; did acquire a liking for work, and thero Isn't a doubt that thu process helped mold his character. Another man parceled out a plot of ground to his children and purchased at good prices nil the vegetables and flowers they could raise, Tho natural deslro for money spurred on their efforts, tho exerclso gavo them added health, and hecauso of tho fact that they hud some thing to do there was little opportunity for them to soek or rccelvo bad com pany. Theso nro only suggestions taken from life, suggestions that como within tho rnngo of men with limited Incomes. It Is a great problem how to Interest n boy. Ho cannot ,slt still and fold his hands. You might as well ask a colt to bccouio a sedato work horse, It Is in him to do soruethlug fX&'-S MmmmmmmmmWrmmSi i-ammmmmmmMwL. A fr '&-S hQJt- i fi"'amwB V -J ' xw ntimmm, ' &fmwh i'tt-Lii fsamUammmmmammW -HMkt?i,JiiiiiLHfe& W' V, Jkmmm mawawawawawawaWm v i ' IHllllB FlmmmLamMwWil hi fs, Vmawar T$3fllkfliH F& m w - m&mWfffKlkmWimmmmWI M ALEXANDER Tho Distinguished every waking hour. It Is your busi ness to see that that something is at, least Innocent in character and that out of It he obtains hearty enjoyment, health, mid, If possible, mental Im provement. A wise man who had made a study of children once said: "If by any chance I" wanted to start a boy on thu mad to hell I know of no easier way than to give lilm a liberal money JOSEPH Pratldsnt of the Unltod allowance, with no questions asked about thcillspnsltloii of the same. The ways aro greased for a lad thus equipped." Ask your boy If ho wouldn't llko to earn a little money e cry 'week. Tho writers of great hymns build monuments to themselves In human hearts, yet It Is lifting that material E, A'. President American t&u- .nmii. :-;-s 'y;. ,i,i' -JWiwBh. ?M .., jr x h " A .' - At' M . 'Vl rv. ) .kaaaWS. t tiJkJmy , ,-vl c&? t iK i?m ' !mx --j, -v-' , mmmmmmWV ' ,Mt'ttf '- ' Ml rftM ..-"''- -. . & ? IH ' - f W,i i Mmammmammmm. --;. -' rfli.JJaaaaaaaaaaaa , ,., aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaWh vILHINLLLHIkI Laaaaaaaaaaam- w$0Knrt' 9HR aW$Mt - WmMrWk mmm l"i(M ' '"amaawNaaaaaaaaiiiL 3s!t3MBk I'lMs iiJaaaaaaaaaaaaaam;s:MlSMmWeiZML ------EimJaaaa mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmV'aaaamK. WW4lMK , Hki&'l '', iWa ' H. REVELL, Chicago Merchant. structures and Inscriptions should com memorate their service. An Instance of grateful remembrance Is the recent placing of a memorial tablet -Jti the chancel of tint piirlsh chinch, Fain ham. Htiglaud, to the Uuv. Augustus. Moutnguu Tupludy, the nutUor of "Hock or Ages." He was u native or the town, but died in London when only .'17 years old, In 1778. " ;"' "'SfcT' 4- , J- f3Afcfefc r- iwfft J. V. &. THEURER, 8tatet Brewers' Aisoclat Ion. A Brooklyn man has been discharged from a hospital with a bullet In his bruin and In better healiu than he has over enjoyed heretofore. Tho bullet-In-tlie-braln cure cannot, however, be generally recommended. What slgnlltos a matter of "two yearn," or ten years, or oven a hun dred years, to Uussla? POTTER, Trust and Saving Bank. A i-itf t6$it:oi'TSS