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THE! OHIOAQO BAO-LE.
l)c tCljicdgo Uraglc PUBLISHED l:BRY SATURDAY HENRY F. DONOVAN. Am Independent Se9paper, FcartefS and Truthful. SUBSCRIPTION KATES $2.00 PF.R YEAR M'KE LLCOUMCSHMTIOS4TO HENRY F. DONOVAN, Editor and Proprietor, C04 TEUTONIC UUILOINO R'utht al Corner Washington St. and Jth Atr. iKotfrnt at the tctoRicr. Chicago, llllnol. J itfiod-clas mall matter.) LARGEST WEEKLY CIRCULATION IN CHICAGO. CLEAR SOUTH WATER STREET. The ldewulks' of South Water stiect should bo eleiireil. The hucksters, glcell gincers, com mission men and other clusos of pur oyors and dealers who oceiipy them should be inaile to take tliclr goods 'IT the sidewalk and truu,ict their hiilno within the limit.- of their own premises. Tho IIK'l'cllllllt. wholesale or nlhel- wise, who cannot provide stiillclciit spi for the c.iirylnu' on oi their hui- lief Without encroaching nil the pills- lie thoroughfares, -Imulil mno to mhiic other part of the elty. whole they tali illil p,ice etioll'.'h for the demands ami Hie growth of their buliioss. ' The public whoo tu.e miide the street and the "Idewalk, iilid imiilitiilli both are entitled to the Use ot them. The ouornachmouts of the dealers and merchants upon them has l mic an intolerable jiiiI-.uk c. As a correspondent of ot f our dally contemporaries well put It, "a matter now Maud the fellow- with holes In the walls and tents on the sidewalk monopolize the whole thin:;, crowding back the tenants who pay rent." It I not safe to walk the stiect as it Is now. The throe-foot space bo. tween the crates, cases and piles of foods allows only enough loom for the truck shover, while the pedestrian, vffkmkwkkkmtkr" 'HON. JOHN J. HANBERG, Chairman of the Republican Committee on Organization. In- It line t'iMni: supplies or mi III way in "(iinc other inlin Is tun down ami over niili-" lie N n gpcnl dodger. It inttt iiIm be noted In this con nection, tlmt tin1 general with of tlic re.il mill reputable South Water street merchants Is tlmt tin1 sidewalks should ho cleared ot' those curbstone hucksters anil tliclr wares. Wo understand nu ordinance to till em! has lieeil Intro ilueed mill Is now ponding In the cnuti- ell. Wo tlllt It Will III" passed MUll that speedily. ENFORCE THE THEATER LAW. How ninny theater in Chicago arc living up to the law'; Just look over the ordinance and then over the theater and nee what a difference there I. Htrlpped of lis verbiage and le gal details, the new ordinance, In It twenty-nix sections, provide: That nil theater umst be equipped with an automatic water sprinkling system over the stage, supplied from n tank not loss than twenty feet higher than the building; the sprinklers to be In stalled over the stage, under the stage, In the paint and property rooms, and other locations back of the curtain. Stand pipes, for hose connection, sup plied with water from the tank iittovp the building; pumps, extinguishers, tire hoops and axes, and other tire light ing appliance shall he Installed upon the stage, subject to approval of the tire marshal. There shall be n solid brick proscenium wall separating the stage from the auditorium, and all proscenium openings shall lie covered by a steel curtain, which shall be In use during the performance as act drops or scene curtains. Iron doors shall be used for nil passages from the auditorium to the stage. All stago framing, My lofts, stage galleries, etc., shall be of Iron. All woodwork and scenery must be coated with some lire proof solution. Outer doors leading to the stage must be vestihuled to pro cnt direct draughts. Adequate vents, to carry off smoke or tire, shall lie con structed In the roof above the stage, to I operated by electrical connec tions which shall lead to tho box of fice and to the stage switchboard. Di agrams of all exits shall be printed In programs. All exits shall have a sep arate lighting system, showing red lights over the doors, Inside, and bright electrical lights to Illuminate the exit stair outside. Automatic tire alarm system shall communicate with the fire department, and tho automatic sprinklers, behind the curtain line, shall also communicate automatically with tho dopnrthiont. Knch theater shall employ two or more firemen, de tailed by the department, who shall bo on duty during all performances. The tlremeu shall require a tiro drill of the houso attaches at least twice a week, and no one fireman shall bo detailed tit any theater fop moro than two weeks. Each theater license shall state the exact seating capacity, and no one shall be admitted to the theater after these seats have been sold. All theater lights shall be controlled by a shutoff In tho lobby. Tho building com missioner, tire commissioner and chief of police shall he In absolute control of all theaters, with Inspections al lowed at any time, anil upon their roe ouuneiiilatlon tho mayor shall levoke any license and close any theater. AMes shall all lead directly to an exit, without any turns or angles. 'ros nlslos, al-o loading to exits, shall be opened for every llfteen banks of seats on the ground Moor, and bo tween every nine banks of seats In balcony or gallery. There shnll bo no rlho greater than eighteen Indies be tween rows of seats, and each low of seats shall hawi a space of two feet ten inches from back to back. There shnll be no more than ten scatH In each row between aisles. No nlslu shall h'o less than two feet eight inches wldo at the stage end and thrco feet at the other, and there shall he no btcjis, sudden rl:es or other obstructions In any aisle. All doors must swing out ward, all stairways must bo nlways lighted during performances, and tho Hoots shall be designated as "Main I'loor," "First Oallety" and "Second riallcry." All exit stairs shall lead directly to open spaces or inclosed pas sageways, protected by fireproof walls six Inches thick. Existing buildings may Irnvo these tlreproof passageways constructed within tho walls of the audience rooms, but In future construc tion of theaters all nudleneo rooms must adjoin at least two public thor oughfares, shall be surrounded on four shies by open passages or Inclosed fire proof passageways leading direct to the streets. No audience room now ex isting shall have Its lowest bank of scuts inoio than twelve feet above the street level, iinlis tho Ijtilltlliifr shall ho llrepioof, ami In nil l'ntuie construction the lower Hoop shall lie on the street level. I'm tlierimuv, all theater to he consti noted In future shall be absolute ly llrepioof in every particular of Its eonsti notion. COL LOWDEN'S COUNTRY HOME. The iiirchae by I'miik O. l.owden. el' the pieturesiiie old Ileminlugway place, on Hock It Ivor. Just la low the artists' colony, near Oregon, gave In teresting proof that the associations of a boyhood In the country are strength ened, not effaced, by metropolitan suc cesses, and survive the pleasures of triumphs In the business activities of a great city. I'lirinlng of the real old fashioned kind not the making of a city park In the country was the pur pose for which the young lawyer and capitalist bought The Oakes.as the KM. acre farm has been called lu late years. lie has renewed the associations of his ImijIiimhI on an Iowa farm by gripping once more the handles of a plow as the ribbon of black loam scours back from the mold-board. The Joy or "watching things grow" and holding the reins over the steam ing backs of heavy draft horses strain ing forward lu the lead of a clicking mowing machine or a bumming har vester these are some of the whole some pleasures to which this former ciMintiy boy looked forward with the keenest anticipation. They were not unknown to him. He knows the "feel" of the plow handles and declares the sensation of cutting a clean furrow through a stretch of moist soil gives a pleasure that e.vcecils the delight over winning a hotly contested taw suit. Those city-reared men who do not share Col, l.owdeu's enthusiasm for the toll of plowing mid seeding, of cul tivating mid harvesting, but who pre fer to do their funning on the vicari ous plan, may well envy him the Held of his recreative labors. Hock Itlv- er's scenic glories hi the Oregon re gion me classic, mid The (takes Is lu the most charming mid picturesque patt of the diversliled panorama of gently sloping shores of woodland and sward, of xcrrlcd bluffs and broad sli etches of bottom lands. Almost ev ery prominent feature of the laud scape Is rich lu traditions and a score of spots on the old Ileminlugway place have at least a legendary history roach lug back to the days when the red men who ruled the banks of the Hock were worthy to be called the aborig inal princes of tho laud. They were the aristocrats of their race, proud mid fearless, romantic lu sentiment, rais ing the richest crops of malae mid making the Hiiest Implements used by the Indians In ngrlcultun, war and tlie chase. For a link whcivwlUi X eiinnecl, The Oukes with the wild nnd long vanished days of Indian occupation it is not necessary to ivly iin tlte tra ditions associated wltb Its rocks. Isl ands mid ravines. The old stone house Is Itself that link and the very pecu liarities of Its construction point to the petloil when the Mhlte pioneer was an liittuilor lu this paradise of the aborigine, Althoiiuh more than half a century has pasxed since this pioneer iniin-lon was Imllt with materials tak en from the farm, the house Is to-day III excellent condition and will be lit tle changed by lis new owner. Thostnno. lu the niaslve walls were taken t'loiu the river bank ami the black walnut u nudum I; was cut and s.iwed nu the place by .Mr. Hemming wa,, a well-to-do Kiu'lt-hllliin of de cidedly iidM'lltlllnlls disposition, who e.itne to the wilds of Illinois at a very early date, mid lu IMH erected in the wilderness the house in which Col. l.nwdeu spends his tanning days. The walls are of unusual thlckucs, even for a stone house of titty years ago, mid the window cMM'tnelilr. are deep and co.y. Tlie itluek Hawk war and other In dian uprisings evidently left a stioug impre'.sinn on the mind of tlie Kugllsh gentleman, who did not pmpoc to be caught iiappliu: by the Indians. The various precautions necessary lu build ing the house are illustrated by a peculiar device with which each of the lower windows was titled. Clever ly concealed within tlie casement Is a sliding shutter of blaek'walnitt. This heavy and substantial door, when drawn Into position, shuts off the low er half of tlie window and renders It Impossible for a person standing out side tho house to see anything of the Interior. In Its general design the house was modeled after the typical I'ugllsh .JHKkS K-iLiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiifl "' KlWwr-'' 'BNkiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiM K(i aMM JkllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllB :: ufllW'tiLfcj iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiH ' f-"( ' iliHklM iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiifl ttifeIt iiiiiiiiiiiiii AiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiH fifi?-' i3!v iiiiiiiiiiiiW ' iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiH AlikiV' iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiH HON. CHRISTOPHER MAMER, Vice Chairman Republican Executive Committee. homestead where Mr. tleuiiultigway spout his youth. All tho interior wood work Is of tin1 richest character. Its natural finish being Improved by the passing of half a century. The tloors are of various hard woods laid lu mo sale patterns, in nnly one puitlciitar Is it likely Mr. l.owden will radically chaiiKo the old house. He Intends tak ing down two partitions and making one large room of the space now oc cupied by three smaller ones. When the old place passed from Its founder It caine Into the possession of a retired army oltlccr, lieueral Collin der. .Many amusing stories of the ec centricities of this second proprietor of The Oakcs are still told by his sur viving neighbors. He placed the farm under strict military rule. If a man was sent to build a rail fence the re tire! otllcor issued him a requisition for n given number of rails, which were to be accounted for when the fence was finished. IHsclpllne accord ing to army regulations was carried out lu the minutest detail, so far us the military Idea was capable or be ing applied to the duths or farm life. Wnrkliigmcn wer. put through drills ot various kinds, ami spades', shovels mid pitchforks were bundled with sol dlerly display, as If they wore pol ished army guns. One of the most at tractive points within the borders of The Oakcs Is Squaw Itock. This name is accounted for by a romantic legend to the effect that two Indian miildcim were rivals fop the affections of a young chief. As a plurality of wive was not allowed by the laws of his tribe, his choice was a matter of su premo ImportniKe to the young Indian women. The one who failed to bo se lected by the chief as his bildc went to this rock and from Its summit threw hcrscll' Into, the river. "The purchase of The Oakes," said Col. howilen. "has given me more pleasure than any other Investment I have ever made. If I never did a day's work theio I have the satisfac tion of feeling that I have already obtained mure from the place by way of pleasurable anticipation than many a mini gets from years of ownership of it country estate. On the old farm lu Iowa I did every kind of work a country boy Is culled on to do and some kinds 1 will not do again from choice. If the farm had been fully developed and groomed Into an aggre gation of elty lawns I would have had no temptation to buy It. Hut there was plenty of clearing to do and st-ores of Improvements to be made, and I have bad Die pleasure of making tlieni." EA9LETS. Joorge Ade Iiiih mnde money out of his humor, and everybody Is glad of that. Hut what Is this melancholy news that he him purchased a great farm and will go In for fancy farming? Has the erudite author of "Fables in Slang" forgotten that lilbllcal warn ing, "Then shall tho dust return to tbe phtUi nu It was';" The niccess of Japanese arms has been made possible not alone by west ern thought mid science but by tlmt thought mid science being grafted on mi admirable Mock iireparcd by centu ries of careful training to bring It rap idly to consummate llowcr and fruit. Perhaps Japan Is now about to repay her debt to western civilization and with the prestige sho has so brilliantly oat nod the lessons sho has to offer will be sure of a courteous hearing. Although It is conceded that the early bird catches the worm, It Is like wise pointed out that If the worm were not up and about even earlier than the bird ho would not be caught. Thoru Is Niiimthlng to Imi uld on both sides or tlnoonrly-rlblng proposition. An Kugllsh phjslcliui, for Instance, de clares that "to bo forced to get up ear ly grinds the soul, curdles tho blood, swells the spleen, destroys all good in tentions and disturbs all day the men tal activities." Ho winds up by de claring that criminals are recruited finin tho eaily-rlslng clnss an asser tion which is measurably sustained by the known fact that tbe burglar man and his contemporary, tho foot-pad, usually choose tho very ejirly morning hours fop tho pruotlco of their respect ive professions. Sottlnn aside the eth ical phase of the question, however, It Is certain that early rising Is not a source of Joy to most people. The average man hates 'to get up with tho lark, and If (hero Is anything In in herited Instincts the fact that ho hates to get up Indicates that it is not good for blm to gat up. XHs IhjiiclIuatioa to arise is nature's way of tolling him that he ought to stay lu bod. Tlie fa ther of Frederick the Oreal permitted Ills children only the or t- uiV sleep, declaring that more i Shut made people lazy, but it Is doubtful whether any one ecr had too much sleep. If nature be not at fault a man' should sleep until he awakes not un til he Is awakened. Nature, that Is, did tint Intend our slumbers to be regu lated by an alarm clock. Perhaps, however, the way to get nrotind the 'early-to-vlse" dltllcnlty Is to practice the "early-to-bed" maxim, tie who seeks his couch betimes In the. even ing will experience no dlflkulty lu get ting up while the light Is Mill faint in the east. He will have hAd his sleep out nnd that, nftcr all, Is tho desideratum. The nugllsh, as a people, are univer sally known as a nation of very sturdy contestants for what they call their rights, and u recent ease in Liverpool Illustrates these characteristics strik ingly. A purchaser of tea complained, that he hail to pay for the bag at the tea rate, when he bought tea, because the grocer put the tea lu the bag and weighed the bag and tea together. The ease was taken before a magistrate's court and the hapless grocer was fined. He appealed the ease mid the high court has decided that he was within his rights lu weighing tlie bag with tea because that was the universal practice mid custom, which was gen erally understood and acquiesced In. The striking thing about the whole ease and the proceedings In connection with It Is the extraordinary tenacity with which the Iltnllshnian pursues little things and the serious and order ly manner lu which he sets about to regulate the minutest matters which concern his pockctbook. There Is a story mat when .Miirrft's ".lupliet In Search of a Father" was running as a serial the usual signals were neglected by mi American mid a ltrltlsh boat which met at sc.i and a substitute appeared lu tho query, "Has .lupliet found his rather yet';" That was seventy years ago, mid ship lo.uls of books have been written since. Not only was .lupliet not the final work of its kind, hut tales of adventure have poured fortli In amazing quantity mid with all the variety that Is Indicated In the range from a dime novel to Steven sou's "Treasure Island," Furthermore. the public that feasts on those later productions knows little of .lupliet. Some readers pick him up by ehance, others search him out became they have a curiosity nhoutmo of the old authors who was once very popular. .Meanwhile the vast majority go after the hooks of tho year and are not com scions that they urn losing anything. Possibly, too, there Is no loss, but It may be s.ild also that Juphct would an swer as well for It purpose now as ever It did. While it falls much below "Treasure Island" lu nrtlstle value mid considerably below it lu sustained In terest. It Is n lively performance mid greatly superior to much of the con temporary literature that has usurped Its place. Moreover, when we say su perior we Include lu the Idea those ele ments that make such works popular. People who want Just a rattling good story will find It In this diverting nar rative. Probably the signaling act would1 not bo repeated If It were run ning as a serial now, but it is quite conceivable that It might be celebrated as a book of the year. On the seine of fashion alone there would certainly ho nothing to prevent, fop there Is nothing that stamps It us belonging exclusively to a peculiar time or a peculiar mood of the reading public. The now books take Its place simply because they are newly published, which Is a Jmppy thought for tho now nuthor. Kach gen eration must have its own output, In cluding ephemeral stuff that appears ami disappears In a single season. And while tho critics rage Miss Corolll points with prfilo to the fact that forty three tons of paper were used lu the first edition of her latest. Dr. Oliver Ferguson, lu a recent lec ture at Oxford University, predicted extraordinary longevity for tho liu mnu race. Ho said the average human Hfo hud been lengthened ten years lu tho last sixty years, nnd that the grandchildren of people now living would llvo 100 years or more, Strang') to (Jay, Dr. Ferguson, If reported cor rectly, based his prophecy entirely on tho Improved methods of destroying imthogenlu bocterln. Why he should hnvo dono so Is not clear, as theio nro many other equally potent Influences nt work In modern focloty to lengthen human life. Ouo of these Is vaccina- iHBIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHI r ' illlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllB iHHHIIIIHr ;- r'tiilW' v ' vJiHHHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIH pHr- - - H jml W .kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkm -.- .M IK m mm Mm-. - . HON. FRANK O. LOWDEN, Republican National Committeeman from Illinois. tloti, another the traelng of yellow fe ver to insects and another N the pro gross lu surgery Mid purtloular'.y In aseptic surgery. 5lore iKiwetful In-' tlueuccs still are the advancing desue tude of war wlileli Is evidently short er lu duration, Ios deadly and niot" circumscribed geographically than for merly; the multiplication of hospitals and the cheapness of medical scrvlcis. and, above all, the Christian' Idea, now almost universal, of the sacrediiess of llfliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiH i ?'3iilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllli HON. MARTIN B. MADDEN, Republican Candidate for Congreis in tho First District. human life. All of these lulluoiices tell, lu a special manner, on the pres ervation of Infant life. This remark able saving and lengthening of hu man life Is 'destined to have, within u century or two, mi Important bearing on population. Foiuiorly and up to u century ago. lu every country on life globe. Increase 1 population was In groat demand mid huge families were admired and commended, but at tho HON. ORRIN The Popular Judge iiiiiiiiiiiiHr W'-LiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiH illllllllllllllllllllllllllllMrv ' .'. 'jiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiH HH1111111111111111111h i .. lilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllB iBL "V'v f:3 'kkkkkkkkkkm kkkkkkkkki$ZkkkkkkkkkkkkkA ii V4m kkkkkkkkkkkm X'-'RH ' iilililililililililm. xr:yiIHiHballiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiH ' iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiWL kkkkkk kiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii ijiIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIH t HHisslHiiVHHHHHisiVHIiiSiiiVHHiHHiiiViliilHiHHHi i present day the tendency is the other way. It lisikrt as If the race had an Instinct that tlie day of over-population was approaching. It has been esti mated that but for the loss of liumnu life In battle and by plague the world would long since have Ik'oii ovcrpopu Intel. If this Is true what arc the prospects or the human family now, with war abolished, with many forms of epidemic disease bullied, with the miracles of surgery, with Improved rules or health and diet, with modern drainage and housc-bulldlng. with tho Immense strides In Minttallon. wltli hospitals mid free dispensaries lu every neighborhood, nnd with a relig ious conviction tlmt human life Is sa cred nnd must be preserved even If It Is it miserable and hopeless existence? Concerning the answer to this Inquiry one mail Is perhaps as wise us an other. N. CARTER, of tho Oounty Court, u ...rJr'4ii jxtX.Mf! .wiif1 ttf'.vVitAti L'iijw-V,