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THB OHIOAOO KAQLE.
TUBERCULOSIS AND CANCER IN CHICAGO BEEF! BEEF TRUST IS BAD. It Aims at the Lives, the Health and the Pockets of Chicago Citizens. BUY APPENDICITIS. IRpof Trnet Potrnnc Uoun PlianAA Get All They Want of It. Frightful Food Thrown Into This City While the Government In spectors Sit Supinely By. Horrible conditions nml Mosul abuses, said to exist with impunity nt the Chicago stockyard, nro the theme of n daring novel called "The Jungle," published by Doubleday, Page St Co. The author, Upton Sinclair, lived for a time anions? the worklngmen In Pack Ingtowu, and his book Is meant to bo a searching and comprehensive Indict ment of Uie way things are done there. Tho publishers say that before they accepted the manuscript they had tho charges investigated by a competent Jawyer, who continued the truth of tho tuthor's startling statements. The hero of tho novel Is a Lithua nian Immigrant named Jurgls, who comes to this country with his family to find liberty and Justice, and who finds only slavery, Injustice and death in the stockyards slums. According to Air. Sinclair, the corporation that cm ployed Jurgls "was nothing but one gi gantic lie from top to bottom." In tho course of his story he charges that tho reckless abuses of the packers are pro tected by the city government through graft "The packers had secret mains," he says, "through which they stolo bil lions of gallons of tho city's water. Tho papers were full of the scandal onco there had even been nn investigation and an actual uncovering of the pipes, but nobody had been punished, nud the thing went right on." Tho most serious charges are tlioso as to tho packing of diseased animals and spoiled meat. Jurgls is employed la various slaughter-houses nud couioh in contact with unsavory secrots, which tho author reveals in many pages of revolting details. "And then there was tho condemned meat Industry," ho says, "with Its end less horrors. Tho people of Chicago saw tho government Inspectors in Pack lngtown, nud they all took that to mean that they wero protected from diseased meat; they did not under stand that these 103 Inspectors had been appointed at tho request of tho packers, and that they were paid by the United States government to cer tify that nil tho diseased meat was kept In tho Stato. They had uo author ity beyond that, for tho Inspection of meat to bo sold In tho city and State and tho whole forco in Packlngtown consisted of three henchmen of the lo cal political machine. "And shortly afterward ono of these, a physician, mado tho discovery that the carcasses of steers which had beeu oondemued by the government inspect ors, and which therefore contained pto maines, which are deadly poisons, were left upon au open platform and carted away to bo sold In tho city, and so he insisted that these carcasses bo treated with an injection of kerosene and wus ordered to resign tho suup week. "Ho lndlgnnnt wcro tho packers that they went farthor and compelled the Mayor to abolish tho whole bureau of inspection; so that slnco then there has been not even n pretenso of any inter ference with tho graft. There wus on Id to bo f.'.OOO a week hush money for tho tubercular steers alone, and nn much again from tho hogs which had died of cholera on tho trains, which you might see any day being loaded Into box cars and hauled away to a placo called Globe, In Indiana, whero they made a fancy grado of lard. "There wero cattlo which had been fed on 'whisky malt,' tho refuse of tho bruwerlon, and hud becomo what tho men called 'steerly' which means cov ered with bolls. It was a nasty Job killing these, for when you plunged your knlfo Into them they would burst nd splush foul-smelling stuff Into your face. It wns stuff such as this Hint made the 'embalmed beef that had killed several times as many Unltod States soldiers us all tho bullets of tho Spaniards; only tho army beef, besides, was not freh canned, It was old stuff that had been lying for years in the cellars." Among the curious things that Jurgls noticed on the first day of his employ me.it In "Durham's" slaughter-house was "the sharp trick of tho floor bosses whenever there chanced to como a slunk' calf." Tho antlior goes on to describe how cows In a condition unfit for food aro regularly slaughtered with tho rent. "It wnH the law that cows of that sort came along with Uie otbsrs, sad whoever noticed It would toll the boas, and the bo would start up a conver sation with tho government lnsportnr, and the two would stroll away. So In u trice the carcass of tho cow would bo cleaned out, and tho entrails would have vanished; It was Jurgls' task to slide them Into tho trap, calves and all, nnd on the floor llow they took out there 'slunk' calves and butchered them for meat, and used even tho skins of them." Ono day Jurgls had to take tho plane of a man who had hurt his leg. and after the Inspector and nearly all tho workmen had gone, a peler-t gang was tiet to preparing tho dead cattle that had been gored or died of dlseaso on tho train. This Is described ns fol lows : "'Downers.' tho men called them, nnd tho imcklng-house had n siwclnl elevator upon which they were raised to the killing bed, where tho gang proceeded to handle them with an air of business-like nonchalance which said plainer than words that It was n matter of every-day routine. It took n couple of hours to get them out of tho way, nnd In tho end Jurgls saw them go Into the chllllng-rooms with the rest of tho meat, being carefully scattered here nnd thero so that they could not be Identified." Mr. Sinclair's description of tho meat that Is put Into cans Is sufficiently un appetizing, but his nccount of how snusages nro made Is still more so. "There wns never tho least attention paid to what was cut up for sausage," ho says; "there would come all tho way back from Europe old sausage that bnd been rejected nnd thnt was moldy and white It would bo dosed with borax nnd glycerin, and dumped Into the hop pers, and mado over again for homo consumption. There would be meat that had tumbled out on the floor, In the dirt and sawdust, where the work ers had tramped and spit uncounted billions of consumption germs. "There would bo meat stored In great piles In rooms, nnd the water from leaky roofs would drip over It, nud thousands of rats would race about It. It wns too dark In thorn storage places to see well, but n man could run bis hand over these piles of ment nnd sweep off hnudfuls of the dried excre ment of rats. Them rats wero n nui sance, nnd the packets would put pol Honed bread out for them ; they would die, nnd then rat, bread nnd meat would go Into tho hoppers together. This Is no fairy story nnd no Joko ; the moat would bo shoveled Into carts, nnd the man who did tho shoveling would not troublo to lift out n rat even when ho snw ono there wero things that went Into tho sail sago In comparison with which a poisoned rat wns n tid bit" Tho author's descriptions of tbeso al leged abominations aro merely Inci dental to Ills portrayal of equally ter rible social conditions In tho stock yards. Jurgls finds himself in n jungle of wild boosts, nil seeking to rend nnd rob htm, nnd tho emotional Intorest of tho story has to do with tho torrlblo losing fight of this honest Lithuanian family. Tho packing industry kills ono member after another, ruins and kills Jurgls' young wlfo under heart-roudlng conditions, kills his llttlo boy, nnd scuds Jurgls himself forth into tho world n tramp nnd then n criminal. Tho wholo story Is a cbambor of hor rors. Tho lnttor part descrltoa social ul cers not usually mentioned In n novel. Tho most sensational chapter Is that, describing the unsponknblo stnto of affairs said to have been iermltted nud promoted by tho packers during tho hip strike. "They lodged men nnd women on the samo floor," says the author, "and with tho night thero began n saturnalia of debauchery M-ones such us never beforo hnd been witnessed in America. And as the women were tho dregs from tho brothels of Chicago, and tho men were for tho most part Ignorant coun try negroes, tho nameless dlseufco of vice wero toon rife, and this where food was lelng hnudled, which whs sent out to every corner of tho civilized world." Tho novel closes with the conversion of tho hero to boclallsm, in which he Is supposed to see a euro for the ovlls of tho "beef trust." Chicago Record Herald, February 20, 1000. Extracts from Upton Sinclair's nov el, "The Jungle," Chicago Ilecord Herald, Feb. 20, 1000: Then there was tho condemned ment Industry, with its endless horrors. Tho people of Chicago saw tho government Inspectors In Puckingtown, and they all took that to meun that they wero protected from diseased meat; they did not understand that these 103 In spectors bud been appointed at the re quest of tho packers, and thnt Uiey wero paid by tho United States gov ernment to certify that all the dis eased meat was kept in tho State. Thero wero somo cattlo with broken legs, and some with gored sides, nnd some that had died, from what causo no ono could say; and they wcro all to be disposed of hero in darkness and silence. "Downers" the men called them, nnd tho pucklng-bouso had a spocia elevator upon which they were raised to tho killing beds whero tho gang proceeded to handle them, with un air of businesslike nonchalance which said plainer than words that it was a matter of everyday routine. Thero was never tho least attention paid to what wus cut up for suusago. Thousands of rats would ruco over tho meat. Thcso rats wero n nubmnco, nnd tho packers would put poisoned bread out for them; they woule) 4fts THE and then rats, bread nnd ment would go into tho hoppers together. The Beef Trust must go. The number of members of the pres ent Legislature controlled by the Beef Trust Is known to a man. Remember the Beef Trust when you are nominating candidate for the Legislature this) year. Many of the Beef Trust employes wear rubber glovea while handling tho cadavers. Otherwise they aro In imminent danger of blood poisoning. Even tho embalming of food for tho gullible public has Its attendant dan gers. Tho number of ilend and diseased hogs shipped by tho Beef Trust and isold as food Is something awful. Numbers of hogs dlo In tho cars In transit to tho Beef Trust; their bodies aro often oaten by tho other hogs and their pet disease transmitted by them to tho human race. Tho government inspectors If thoy work every minute of their time, can glvo but ten seconds to each animal In spected. No wondor cancer, lupus, tuberculosis and like ailments are spreading. Tho Beef Trust nas ruined many a prosperous small business. Tho hide industry, the boot and shoe trade, tho sheepskin tanners, the loather tanners, tho wool pullers, tho wool trade, the vegotablo market, tho poultry busi ness, tho retail meat markets, tha wholesale meat markets, the soap trade all these and many more have been swallowed up by this awful leviathan. How much longer will tho people stand it? How much longer will the American people put up with diseased food? A correspondent nsks: "How many of the representatives of foreign gov ernments nro In tho pay of tho Beef Trust? It might interest tho people of some of them to find out." People out of towu and nowsdcnlcrs In other cities ordering extra copies of tho Chicago Euglo Hoof Trust edi tions must phno their orders beforo Wednesday of each week. Tho demand for papora Is so groat that unless orders for them nro placed early it will bo impoaslblo to fill nil of them as promptly as we would wish. Dealers In Germany, France and Great Britain mutt incloso postage with tholr orders. Pooplo who think that they got good meat nro invited to read the follow ing clipped from tho llvo stock report of tho Chicago Dally News, January 0, 1000: "Quality of offerings was not good. It was such as tho trade usually looks for on Tuesday, with tho Wisconslu shipments largely predominating. It wns not tho nbsenco of good finished stuff that mado the slow market, bow ever, as tho buyers were genemly looking for low-priced cattle, Ship pers had only a few orders at most, and the great percentngo of thorn wcro for plain finished cattlo. Since the ending of tho wostern season thoro has generally been as good a demand for the commoner sort of cattle as for the better priced steers. A few toppy kinds have reached $0,26 this week, but they ore as scarce as the proverbial hen's teeth." We do not seo any quotations In the dallies on trichina heft. Tho public ofilcTalswbo are con trolled by tho Beef Trust will be known beforo long. All tho rotten old Beef Trust lobby ists, consisting of crooked lawyers, castoff politicians and scarecrow statea mm tm f ettlag ready, But when the BEEF TRUST 18 BO88. Illinois Legislature meets these worthies will be pointed out so that he who runs may read. People must rememhsr that the city had only eleven inspectors at work on cattle, hogs, sheep and provisions. Necessarily their work must bavo been very Incomplete when there were 300,000 cattle a week to Inspect Tu berculosis and cancer are bound to be shipped to all quarters ns food. How many government officials docs the Beef Trust control? Beef Trust cold storage Is n bnd thing. Yet It is popular Just now. The rotten food turned out In the shape of diseased iwultry from Ilecf Trust roosts Is thus touched uimn by Health Com missioner Whnlou, of Chicago, In his annual report: "Cold storngo Is one of our present necessities, but It Is evident that It has been shamefully misused by dis honest men. Whllo certain article of food nro better nfter more or less prolonged storage, pertain fruits nnd vegetables sxill ho soon nfter removal from the cold storngo ns to glvo a very unfavorable Impression. "Again, iwultry or gnmo Is often stored In nn undrawn condition and Is aftorwnrd sold to tho public. Attention has been called to many cases of ptomaine poisoning resulting from cat Ing gnmo or poultry which bad been stored In an undrawn state. The real evil conies from frcexlng more or loss tainted meats and fish. Tho process of decay Is checked, but the ptomnlnea remain. The purchaser does not detect any odor, but n gastro-enterltls Is apt to result nono tho less. "There Is a suspicion thnt much of tho sickness contracted In strange hotels, Is thus caused." Dnlly News cattle report January 10: "Quality was rather poor, offers run ning largely to cannon uud cutters. Bull trade wns steady at yesterday's decline. Ilulognu bulls wero taken more readily than tho fat sorts." Tho Standard Oil Trust does not sell cancer or tuberculosis to the pen pie. Hut tho Ncwsjmpcr Trust finds iibundnut space to droto to tho Oil Trust but has not a lino for tho Beef Trust Why? Why In not tho Illinois Anti-Trust Inw strictly enforced against tho real trusts? Tho Inw is upon tho statute books and is rigidly lived up to as against small nnd honest corporations which nro obliged to ninko nttldavlt once n year and send the same wltli one dol lar to Springfield to provo that they aro not In a trust A Trust has no more standing in law in Illinois than a Burglnr, Both exist in violation of tho law and both are felons in tho eyes of the Inw. Tuberculosis anticancer can now go Into every homo without let or hindrance. The Health Department after proving thnt tons of tuberculosis are dumped on tho market every week, has discharged Its Inspectors! Tho Beef Trust absolutely controls legislation In Illinois. It does as It pleuses with tho people. Why does not the Attorney General of Illinois get after Uie Beef Trust on tho following points; Anti-Trust law Violated. It Is vio lating tho trust laws of Illinois by par celing out territory between subordin ate concerns. In belug an organisation In restraint of trade besides violating every do tall of tho Anti-Trust law. Fraud in Products Sold Millions of pounds of beef, pork, mutton, sausage and other products have been Bold un der false nnines and false representa tions, containing materials other than those represented to tho buyer, Fraud In ' Hoof Sold Millions of pounds of Inferior bcof havo been sold to government nnd private consumers. Killing Independent Concerns Tho Btef Trust has organised and still is organising fake Independent com panloa as a final desperate measure to crush competitors who refuse to buy of the trust Rebates to Dealer la very town at least one principal dealer gets a secret rebate In consideration of his agreement to buy no "outside" or In dependent beef, pork or mutton. Secret Service Methods Canvass ers are sent out In the guise of dis tributors to secure the names of per sons buying Independent beef. Crushing Competitors Beef Is sold nt cost and below until Independent competitors aro driven out What did that delegation of Stock Yards com mission men ask tho mayor to do? Did they ask him to order the city hcnlth inspectors out of the Stock Yards? Why did tho city administration point with prldo to tho fact that It protected tho peoplo of Chicago from the Beef Trust for five months and then flunk? Did tho same influences affect this administration that health officials charged tho Harrison administration with truckling to? , is thero any ono so base that he would sacrifice tho work of honest health inspectors and Imperil the Uvea of every man, woman and child in Chicago to oblige some political friends? Or aro thero deeper reasons? Speak out, somebody, for hell Is not hot enough to roast a man who would bow to tho Beef Trust in a matter of tuberculosis and cancer. How many minders la the Beef Trust guilty of In Chicago? How many Innocent people are killed every year by tuberculosis and cancer? There will be somo music over tho Beef Trust when tho next Illinois Leg islature meets. Tho Beef Trust controls tho food supply of tho American peoplo. Tho Hoof Trust Is bringing on n revolution. What object can tho members of tho Beef Trust havo In opposing tho Illi nois pure food Inws uud wuutlug tliom amended V Why is Illinois afraid to tacklo the Beef Trust? Tho Beef Trust saturates Chicago with stenches from its rendering es tablishments nnd glue factories. It robs tho pooplo of Chicago through Its control of tho price of the food they cat and the leather they wear. Tho Beef Trust counts on a solid legislative delegation from Cook Coun ty which will favor monopoly and en courage high prices. Chicago is the home and the bead quarters of the Beef Trust The American people must put an end to Uie Boot Trust or suffer tho couscquoucos of bad food. How many lumpy-Jaw cattle aro slaughtered by Uie Beef Trnet every day and fed to the people? The Eagle fcehTnlgbly compliment ed over tho way Its reading matter Is stolen and reprinted without credit. But it feels sorry that tho able editors who steal It cannot give It a wider circulation than they do. Aa the Eagle reaches Its readers at least twenty four hours earlier than Uie principal purlolners, tho thefts are easily recog nised. The Beef Trust counts upon electing a majority of the Illinois delegation to Congress next year. Now that Uie city has quit Inspect Ing, thero la nothing to prevent the Beof Trust from spreading tuberculo sis and cancer broadcast The Real Cause of the Disease Is Bad Meat Beyond Doubt. Appendicitis Is a Beef Trust dis ease. It comes from tho breakfast delica cies mado out of canucr cows and trichina pork. The Trust sausage is one of the won ders of creation. It is made out of tho cheapest meat and tho trimming of emitters, lumpy Jaw cattlo and dead swine. After being thoroughly mixed with n horrible concoction known to tho trado as potato flour, this chopped, stamped, crushed and chemically treat ed meat is stuffed Into the frequently diseased guts of dead animals and is sold to the public as sausage. Despite the chemicals compounded with the "meat" to make it smell "natural," both tho compound Itself, as well as the "casing," as tho gut Is now called, are frequently the abode of micro-organisms. It is these microorganisms that cause appendicitis. The word appendicitis means an in flammation of the vermiform appendix, which Ilea In the lower right hand cor ner of the abdomen. The vermiform appendix la a sack attached to the Intestine. It Is into this resting place that the microbes crawl and cause trouble. The real trichina microbe, which Is very abundant in pork, and for which uo search Is made by the Beef Trust, cats through all tho human Intestines, nud, pluylug no favorites, is always fatal. But the bad meat mlcrobo, which causes uppeudldtis, has not strength enough to boro through the iutcstlucs. It merely crawls Into tho first uud only stopping placo In tho bowels the vermiform appendix uud thero it works away until it starts lullummn tlon. When tho first physicians bogan to renllzo the etiological Importance of tho appendix lu lutestlnul inflamma tion, it was thought that seeds or oth er offending niuterlal becamo lodged therein, but many operations soon proved tho contrary, for ofttimes uo foreign bodies were found In It, and other abdominal operations often show ed collections in the appendix that had caused no trouble. Most of the best physicians and tho ablest surgeons are now convinced that appendicitis la caused by bad moat The disease, singularly enough, was never hoard of until Beef Trust meth ods began to prevail In this country, and now it Is to be found whorovcr Beof Trust products have a sate.. According to tho United States cen sus, 0,111 persons died from appondl cltls iu 1000. Tho dlsoaso was not even mentioned in tho Unltod States census report of 1800 ton years beforo be cause there wero no cases and no deaths. How is that for tho work of tho Beef Trust? Now the city Inspection has been stopped uud that It was always tho habit to use tbo carcases of cancerous or lumpy Jawed cattlo utter tbo can cers wero cut out, the public Is prob nbly getting a fuller doso of lumpy Jawed cattlo for food than ever. On the vory day that tbo city discontinued Its Inspection and condemnation, tho Commissioner of Health of Chicago Is sued the following remarkable Instruc tions In his bullotlu of December SO, 1000: "The Commissioner has Issued the following Instructions to the chief In spector at the Union Stock Yards: '"While actinomycosis la usually confined to the bead, and may be said la one sense to be a localised disease, and while some Inspectors condemn only the part Involved, I believe It Is safest and most practicable to condemn the ouUre carcass wherever the acti nomycotic abscess opens Into the mouth, pharynx, larynx or any part of the digestive or respiratory tract; " when the lymphatic glands are involv ed j or where there are actinomycotic tumors In the lungs; or when the le sions have become generalised, since generalisation In actinomycosis appears to run a very atyplc course, making the detection of all foci Inside the muscle very difficult; therefore, the en tire carcass Is to be condemned. '"In cases where the actinomycotic lesions are positively localized, the In fected part may be cut away and the remains of the carcase used. '"These Instructions apply only to "lumpy Jaw." There may be other reasons why yon should want to con demn a carcass, and It la then a mat ter of Judgment for you and your men. But you should never hesitate to con demu If you believe the animal to be not fit for human food.'" The spirits of thousands of poor boys who went out to fight for the United States In the Spanish-American war, must hover over the fortunes of the Bff Trust In a demand for vengeance ' These thousands were killed by the "embalmed hear' of the Beef Trust and by the poisons used In the makeup of their Beef Trust rations. Neither the bullets of the flnanUnta or tho terrors of the Cuban climate did any havoc to the American soldier, poor boy. at all comnornbln with tha damago done by the frightful embalm ou rood or tno Jjoof Trust The round follows who offered thul lives to the American government did not for a moment Imagine that the country for which they were fighting would permit a Beef Trust to furnish them with poisoned rations. But It did. The soldiers trusted their country and ate the poison. The result was death, disease. tonkaa constitutions for thousands. These are facta which tha war m orda will corroborate. Tho Beef Trust continues to spread tuberculosis, cancer and other diseases with Impunity. One fact that escapes general atten tion Is that the Intestines, blood, liv er, heart and lights (or lungs) of aa animal are already used before the carcass proper gets to the Inspector. This Includes also what Is known aa tho gut fats, out of which lard, suet tablo oils and various other things aro made. Aa soon as a beef is killed, It la bung up by the heels nnd dlscmbow eled. All of tho "Innards" are hauled away. Even tho blood Is received Into a receptacle nnd carried off to bo mado Into blood sausage, beef extract and the like. Tho Intestines nro carried to the sausngo rooms to bo used as casings. Tho stomach goes olsewhero to be used as tripe. Tho liver, lights, heart, eta, find a ready market And, mind you, every bit of these portions of the "crlttor" are used whether It Is suffering from cancer, tuberculosis, lumpy jaw, or any other disease. The carcass after Its "Innards" are removed Is swung along and carried to another place where the Inspectors paas upon It or protend to pass upon It Dr. O. J. Whalen, the efficient Health Commissioner of Chicago, reported the condemnation of nearly four million pounds of meat during the four months ending December SO, 1006. Now 85 per cent of these 4,000,000 pounds were found to be afflicted with tuberculosis. Every ounco or these 4,000,000 pounds belonged to tho nialu carcase nnd had passed government Inspection. What about tho hearts, livers, lights, Intestines, fats, blood, trlpo and other Inside belongings of tlioso tuberculosis cattle from which 4,000,000 pounds of tuberculosis and cancerous meat were found and condemned? They wero sold to the people and eaten as food I What other political associations be sides the Harrison Democracy does the Beof Trust own In Chicago? Why not let Uio Beef Trust name Uie government beef Inspectors at Chica go? Why did the State Live Stock Board wish to enjoin the- city of Chi cago from destroying tuberculous and cancorous cattle after government and Btato Inspectors had approved them, and after Uie city Inspectors bad con demned them? If Mayor Dunne's administration de stroyed over 3,000,000 pounds of can cerous and tuberculous meat In five months, by the inspection work of only eleven Inspectors, bow many bil lions of pounds of canoer and tuber culosis were fed to the peoplo during the years that there waa no city in spection? The Beef Trust Is arranging to con trol the next Illinois Legislature abso lutely. By the way, who did the city hall collecting from the Ice Trust last yea' , Hogs that go to England and tha United ltates are not examined for trichina, All bogs for Germany. France and Austria are. Some escape, though. By the way,wbaTlsDr. Dyson, whe used to be government chief inspector, doing now? The Beef Trust will get Its deserts before many years roll by. The Trust press cannot hide the truth from the people. Little by little they will learn the facts, and when they do wal I ap, you will hear an explosion. , ffft-w Jiifl-Wkii'-jit. a i,