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- J IS t)e (Hl)icago (Eagle , WJiUSHED EVERY SATURDAY i HENRY F. DONOVAN. Aa Im4tptajetit ffewspartr, rie$$ mna rrutarur. UBSCVPTION RATES I2.M PER YEAR s ABDRXH ALL COMM 0SIC4T1ORS TO T P. DONOVAN, Editor ana ProsrUUr, 04 TEUTONIC DUILOINQ at Cerntr Washington Si. and 5th Ay at thr rctdfflc. Chlctro, Illinois, '. dclaa mall niatltr.) Established October 5, 1889, THS ' . j A WLWtLWLWUKBaWLWLWLWLWLlLWLWLWLWLWLWLWSR 'XmfaWmSSfmSSBaawmmSKaaWaaaaaaakm -WaMWUSSW'iMfSffWmSBi W wK&KaaatmBB . "s il,lftMmi4i lisnlBsnBBBBBBBWBfcBBBBBBBBH -i'A'j mLLri'4 bbbbbbbbH V 'E7VIBBBBK i BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBH -HVV mfkj. VBBBBBBBbI fxiM rr' hbIbIbIh llHk ''' M' aBBBBBBal VBaHki' jDL- ' lanBBBBBBBBH bbbbbsHbLbbbbbbbbbbI aBBBBMRRIIBvPIIBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBa nansnTf,''E : jennnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn jfKunBBBBBBBBBBH ' "'bH BfRalBnBBBBBBBBBBBBBK 'W 'i.V'S V iftkM JJBFfwr lmBTaBBaTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaTv''.l. 't-? 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FMl rBTsTrfBrilllll i 1 isntaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaanBTaTaTaTaTanaai ' W C 'S!aBTf -pQ?bTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbTbsTbTbTbTbTbtOSbTbTbTbTbTbTbT wr3nB S ?5 em bbB uUBBBnHBnBHF'.C''(.2flDBBBmiL3BnV BBa'x''''llaBBBH jlaBBcBKWlflnnBBBB. sBtv-oHlflRRRl IBBBHBBBBflaHlaMBnBBnnBBBBlBBV nBBBHBMViaBBBBBl . i;fM.mtJmmmmmmmHMA Wt WiiV'awammmmmlWin9maklSBKaWSSXSxi -yr-rmt.- mmimmte n!tiummLmmfru rwyinHi -m :-:K v - 411HHHH ,2A V? eBsBaflfcA . ijF ' JeKSBanananananll .tW-i'Ti 'VUfsnnsnnsni:'. V'- " wsOshsHMannBnnuua&X W 1i fl&W MH,anannannannu1hA A EubHbbbHb1 TsfsiSW WftVviTannnnnnnnnnnnt &X'l.i93anBnnannannuHEf ExKjS&k ? i anunuHsWl v? T . J? t 4f I.tiSasnnnnnn'HHlBnnnnl a1aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaWmmaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaawam3t ' flBC aBe'nanV By Henry F. Donovan. LARGEST flEKLT ORCDLATION XN CHICAGO. Tk Cklraao Basle iimbtri aaaaaT Ita aabacrlbers the nml taflnentlnl, Moat prosperous and Mat respected men In Chicago. It reaches nearly every man f ataadlnar In the community U all men who are mouldera of pabllo opinion or directors of pahllo airalra. It la the guide, mentor and friend of every poll Ira I leader f every ahade of opinion. It la read by Government, tate, Coanty nnd Clly oitlclnia. It la rend by n Mic percvnlnue C the learal fraternity, IncludlaaT heach and liar. It la the favorite of Chicago's iMdlns; bnalncss men. It reaches nil classes In their hemes. It Is read by the Fire IJrpnrl aaent. It la read uy the Police De partment. It la In uxerr pnbllo office and vary pnblle library. It la not controlled by nny aheap, cheeky or crooked adver tlslaar agency. In the seventeen yenra of Ita existence It has mnnnKcd to build p a large circulation and grent business without the nld of pro feealonal advertising sharks. That Is why It Is so Independ ent, so popular and so strong. The Chicago Eagle Is one pa per that has never depended pan ndvertlalnw agents for n atrenlatlon. It has oue of Us kWli PUBLIC OPINION ALL POWERFUL Early In October Hrltlsh soap manu facturers formed n combination llko WIIUl l IIIIOW III .Ulll'llVII (in II HUM. S Six weeks later tlio members of the combination announced that "tlio work ing arrangement entered Into by tlio lending soap makers of tlio United Kingdom has leen received with such disfavor by the trudn and tbu public ns to make It unworkable, and It has been decided to terminate tlio arrange ment." Newspapers, tradesmen nnd consumers had united to defoat tlio combination. One need not approve the methods of boycott reported to by the retailers, or tlio favors shown by newspapers to "Independent" soap mak ers in the matter of ndertlslng. which nmtrltiiitiMl to make the allied llrms illsHolro their agreement. Hut It may Is? noted with satisfaction that the chief jsiwer against the trust was tlio public, nnd that the combination was undone not by legal or political measures, or by nny ethical principle. ' ut simply by tbo fact that impul.ir opposition made It "unworknWe." The people did not llko the combination, nnd they made the manufacturers feel their strong dis approval of It. Wherever organized nnd artificial et shows Itself nnd Is recognized In time, spontaneous opisi sltlon on the part of public opinion can often, If not always, break It up. al though politic, law nnd mere ethics fall. Kvcn where tlio consumer has not the weapon of comis-tltlnn, as In the case of railroad companies with unl(iie franchl-M. the people can force atten tion to their Just demand.-, if they will. Cartoonists are still representing the common people as a sorry, wizened Ut ile man. In this country fin In Kng land, his arm and volte are mighty If he but use tlioio. ,.1'OOR MAN'S AliVANTAOl:. "My most fcerlous problem Is how I can give my children the advantago of thu ioor man's." A popular magazine quotes a rich man as saying this. .Most rich men In this country have them selves been sons of poor men. The old Kuropenn laws of primogeniture and FRED L. WILK, New Member of the Lincoln Park Board. entail living Inoperative with tie. every man standi on his own feet nml tie ponds on his own heml nml hands for his fortune. Evcu the heir to wealth must use his own brains nnd energies to take care of It, or It soon slips away. Ami It Is n fact, which the rich man quoted seems to have noticed, that not all, nor most, children of the rich have ability even to hold wealth dumped In their laps. A few children of rich men have notably made their Inherited wealth a great blessing to themselves and mankind but they nro previous few. Call the roll of the men nnd women who have achieved the highest fortune or fame In this country, nnd an overwhelming majority will Ite found to have come up from the "lower walks" of life nnd to owe their devel opment of character to struggle nnd self-denial. It Is of these twin bless ings In disguise that we gain strength, skill, sympathy, purpose. The child pampered In Idleness and luxury knows little of these vital things, ami when he meets In contest tlio uncouth but toughened hoy from the farm or the side street, he has poor chance of hold ing his own. We nro accustomed to think of the "advantages" of the chil dren of the rich. Hut all the history of human life since the world began proves that the real "advantages" are on the other side. DR. SENN'S LATEST TION. PUBLIC A- Tlie press of the American Medical Aonclatlnu has Just issued a most In teresting work. It Is "Around Africa via I.IsIhui, u .Medical Tour," by Dr. N'lcholas Seiiu. the great surgeon and eminent physician. Dr. S'lin, who was n delegate to the Fifteenth International Medical Congress, held In Lisbon, Portugal, April lli-'.'H. IH)U, gives In the opening pages of the book a very Interesting n sirt of the doings of the Congress, which was attended by the King nml Queen of l'ortugal. the hitter, by the way, being u member of the medical profession with high attainments, be sides being u trained nurse us well. From Lisbon Dr. Semi proceeded to Africa, where he made u thorough study of the diseases and hospitals of the east coast of Africa; Uorninny's battle with tropical diseases In Kast Africa ; the diseases mid hospital of Portuguese Fast Africa ; the fllseases ami hospitals of the interior of South Africa and finishing with an Interest ing description of tlio hospitals and diseases of Cape Colony. F.very chap ter boar evidence of tue thoroughness and painstaking qualities for which Dr. Semi Is noted, ami the publication Is not only of the greatest value to the medical profession, but uNo to the thoughtful jieoplo of the world at large. RURAL FREE DELIVERY. Ilurnl free delivery was Inaugurated alsiut ten years ago with u service of eighty-three carriers nml nu nppnpilu thai of $10,000. During the last I Weal year tlio number of curriers was .'in, I'.ild, tlio appropriation eamo to S'.'.'.sTrt,. "00, and thu expenditures weru but lit tle below that amount. We note, bow ever, In thu report of P. V. Do draw, the fourth assistant postmaster gen eral, a statement to the effect that tlio climax of development was reached In 1IKM, when the service was Installed on t), 117 roads. "At that tlmu the aver age number of petitions tiled per mouth was 700. 'J'hU average was niilntaln cd during the fiscal year P.io.", but dur ing the last ll-cal jear the number of petitions Hied was l.il7. a monthly av erage of :to. or this number 11,720 were accepted fur Investigation." Con trary to the old practice, tlio depart ment will not now accept petitions for ' investigation until there. Iin.s been a preliminary Inquiry to show whctlwr or not the petitioners nro rosiih-nts nloiig the propositi routes. .Schemes Interested postmasters nnd would- carriers aro thus defeated. It must appear nNo, before turvlco Is Installed, that three-fourths of tho possible pa tron,) havu provided thunuehua liti mall boxes. An Inspector Is writ r. the locality for an Investigation of ",n dltloiis and when they are favorabb bo lays out tho route. J J user I Mug fa- vonible conditions tho rej-ort suvs th.it' thu roads nam U good and wiolmtnii t- 1' ild Wednesday that the Hail ed by gates; there must lo no m- nu ,o nitree uns In a hopeless tun bridged creeks or streams not fordnble sb- n A would not be ready to report nt all times of the icarj there rnn.t f-r .vcrnl dais. The report It was bo a possible patronage of 100 fan,! . , Imt , jm,ju ,,. lies or more on each route of twenty four or more miles In length, or a pro Itortlonate number of families where it Is necessary to make routes less than standard length. Of n possible patron age icr route of 124 families In 1003 the average actual patronage was cnly 70. nnd In order to Insure the service a pledge of patronage from three fourths of the families on a route la re quired. Though there has been some Intriguing for the Job of carrier, there were 4,441 resignations Inst year, the largest In tlio history of the son-lee. and the retort Indicates why. The routes nro long, the carrier has to Ik out In nil kinds of weather, lie has to supply his own equipment, the maxi mum pay Is $720 kt annum, the n-t rewards of his labor from 180 to $420. A suggestion Is made that the pay he Increased to $000 for routes of twenty live miles or more. In spite of the provision as to gsjd roads, ninny car riers have to travel had ones, and tlio relation of tlio service to the rood roads movement Is Interesting. Car riers reMirt on conditions for the In formation of Htate and local authori ties, who thus receive the co-operation of the department. In Indiana, when u rural delivery route Is established, It Is the duty of the proper olllelals to keep the nvad In good repair, and under the law they are subject to a tine for neglect of this duty. Legislation like that of Indiana has also been passed In Pennsylvania, but In many parts of the country there Is urgent need of ef fective help from the States. AiLET3, In ,loliu .1. llanberg the Republican party has an able ami faithful leader and Chicago u progressive ami useful citizen. Thomas Taylor, Jr., the iopulat Master-lii-Chancery, Is strongly talked of for Judge of the SiiHrlot Court, lie Is an able lawyer and would make a titling successor to the late Judge fiary. Klckhain Scanlan would grace a seat on the Superior Court Iteiich. Ho Is one of the ablest most brilliant ami popular lawyers In Chicago. As a progressive business man and a useful citizen Albert (I. Wheeler com mands the respect of the people of Chi cago, Cla.Ntou V.. ('rails' splendid record as a lawyer, a public oillclal and a cit izen have gained for him the highest (Sti'cm of the people of Chicago. Fllcii M. Heiirotln chairman of the committee for the extension of munici pal siilYrage to women has forwarded to the charter convention a resolution adopted by the committee criticising the refusal of the lomcutloii to Incor porate In the city charter a sts'tlou pro Uillug for the municipal enfranchise ment of women. James S. Hopkins Is one of the nhlc-t nml best liked lawyers In Chicago. County Treasurer Thompson, who has been ut work on a system to cscii the annual rush of taxpayers mid the icMiltlug Ion- waits, lias discovered that in order to avoid the rush lie v i.uhl have to have the law so altered lli.'t it would icqulre that Hi" Hoard o i:iu.lrntlon make Its report Oct. 1 i.ileai of Jan. 1. thus giving the tav-l-'.M'ls ,umv time In which to settle l'.-'i i. ill- Willi tin Illily. 'I'll,' ItM'nUli miis could name no hot- r nun tor rt,v Tieasurer than Jolm II Ij i. tit, popular e.vAlderuiau ami s'outli i lii' .ign b.iiikei'. Willi, trc ,r I. -It. in II. I.vmaii, the popular con and .North Side Dcnocratle Is 'jfinfc- iiriiimi-d by bis niaiiy f..r i is 'Creasiirer. He would sii-uiig (.indlilale. us lie Is Well l.t'Ml f, 11 I v . f'u plinc and Is liked by ev- E. H. GARY, Head of the United States Steel Corporation. til It had been transmitted to the Coun cil. The committee could not get the reNirt to the Council Tuesday night. It was rumored that the members are wrangling over whether Commissioner Itnrt7.cn ought to Ik- censured or not. .fudge llocn W. Wells Is making a grand record on the Municipal Court Is'iich. Philip Knopf has made a record In Congress that Is a credit to himself and to Chicago, and he has earned the rep utation of Itelng nu honest, able and conscientious public oillclal. Owners of pet dogs and those Inter ested In the welfare of canines won their tight before the Judiciary Com mittee Tuesday afternoon when the or dinance requiring the olllelals of the city dog iNiund to turn all ownerless dogs over to the medical schools for purposes of vivisection was laid on the table by n unanimous vote of the com mittee. .lames .1. Oray has earned the repu tation he has made of being a faith ful public oillclal, an able lawyer ami a public spirited citizen. County .Indue Mlmikcr lias reappoint ed Joint '. Cannon to the Hoard of Flection Commissioners. Mr. cannon was appointed tlii'iv years ago when Judge Houston resigned that Hisltlou to become County Judge. Mr. Cannon's term ex pi led last Saturday. He Is chairman of (be Hoard of Flection Commissioners and u Hlltlcnl lieuten ant of James Pease, In appointing Fred L. Wllk, the op ulnr ami able banker, on the Lincoln Park Hoard. (!ocinor Dciiccn has earned the thanks of nil the citizens of the North Side J. Flliott Jennings, the able hanker mid real estate man, has the confi dence ami esteem of all the business men of Chicago. Members of the County Hoard Fi nance Committee decided to accept the !SI1,.-:i.ll otTcrcd tlu-ough State's At torney John J. Ilcaly by the attorneys of John A. Linn. Fmhodled In tlio res olution accepting the money Is a clause which calls for an entry of a decree In court ami will stop all further prose cution of a civil suit for the recovery of the money by the county. Senator Albeit C. Clark Is one of the ablest men In the Illinois State Sen ate. He Is a tin-less worker for good laws and Is liked by all his colleagues. Chief Justice Olson lias appointed Waller I lav I to act us his chief clerk. Mr. Ilayt N nt present chief clerk of the County Itivonlcr's otllce. which po sition he has held for more than six J ears. Pivvhais to that time lie was ehlot clerk of the criminal Court. Tlie people of the Ninth District are pioinl of their brilliant and faithful t migiviiiiiii, Henry S, Hoiitell. fiiiii.Tcs'-iiiaii I'hailcs Mcliavlii Is one of the lest Iteplcentlltlves Chicago has ever had In fotigrcsN lie Is an able man, and Is always woiklug hard for Chicago's In crests. Wlllard M. .tb l.weu, Hie able Judge or Hie Siierloi Court, is held III the highest esteem by the people of Chi cago and Cook iMiuit.v. lieol'go S. I 'lister, tin able and pop ular iaw.vir. W'iiilil make a stiong can dlilate on the Memiiiratle tb-ket for Sanitary Trusiee, d'eoige W. Paulllii, the well known furrb'r and In .linage Trustee, Is one of the ablest and most popular men that was ever on tbe Drainage Hoard. The Illinois Legislators should re turn their annual passes to tho rail roads. If they need more money for mileage the state should give It to them. Hut they should not bo placed under obligations to tint tax dodging, man killing railroads. Nor can they do their duty by the eople when they are under such obligations. Charles E. Newton, Chicago's oldest hatter, whoso name Is a household word and whose pulnrlty Is unbound' cd, Is now nt 007 Masonic Temple, where ho Is it memlicr of Newton & Cntlln, hatters and furriers. Tom N. Donnelly, tlio well known Jeweler at 118 Dearborn street, Is the man to go to for bargains In diamonds, anil all other kinds of Jewelry. Ills prices arc reasonable and nil of Ills goods arc of the very host quality. Walter F. SchmUlt too able County Assessor Is liked and respected by all who know him. Commissioner Whalen has n chance to make n nntlonal reputation for him self by throwing all of his energy Into I ho campaign against the Hoof Trust The people have no faith In government Inspection, and even If they had, It does not protect Chicago or Illtnolsnns. (lovernnicnt Inspection only covers meats Intended for shipment to other States or to foreign countries. The people arc watching this thing closely nnd will not he fooled nil of the time. Tlio Heef Trust's unclean packing plants must he torn down. The government meat law docs not protect tlio people of Chicago and Illi nois and they nro at the mercy of thu Heef Trust. Will the Illinois Legisla ture do Its duty? According to the Health Department bulletin of tho work of city Inspectors for the week ending November 10, 1IKMJ, at tho Union Stockyards, n total of 275,00.1 poutuls of meats were con demned and destroyed. Total con demnations for tho week 332,0tH pounds. Hogs that go to Englnnd and the United States nro not examined foi trichina. All hogs for Germany, Franco and Austria nro. Somo escape, though. Tho people demand an Investigation of the Ueof Trust by tho Illinois Legis lature. Tho Illinois Legislature must stop tho Heef Trust! The most dread diseases that nflllct the human race arc principally caused by the eating of had meat. And tho Heef Trust thrives. Tho Heef Trust must bo stopped! The Heef Trust Is doing more to hi lug on n revolution In this country than all other forces combined. Tie. Trust Press, which does Its bidding, Is helping matters along. Tho people will demand that the Illi nois legislature Investigate the Ueof Trust. Sterling, III., Dee. 20. (Special.) Fating canned meat almost caused thu death of Mrs. Henjamlii Hick to-day. She Is In n critical state. During the week ending January r, 1007, the city meat Inspectors ut the I'nl.m Stockyards condemned and de stroyed 2UI.I2S pounds of had meat. Tho meat Inspectors nt the Union Stockyards csutlemued and destroyed IST.r.'.rr. pounds of bad me.it during the week eliding December 20, 100(1, ac cording to tho hulletln of tho Chicago Health Department. Ono of tho Chicago dallies Interview ed members of tho Heef Trust us to what Chicago needed most In tho New Year. And every ono of them with brazen elfrontory Mild that Chicago's greatest nerd was a hottleiuout of tho traction question. Tho Heef Trust Is Hooding tho coun try with advertisements tolling how much It likes tho United States In spection, Tho Heef Trust always did love Uultod States Inspection, because J. ELLIOTT Tha Wall Known Banker It was owing to United States Inspec tion nnd the absence of other Inspec tion that It was able to work up a rep utation that has startled the world with horrors. The child labor law Is a good law and should be strictly enforced. The Health Department's bulletin, calling tlio attention of the people to the dangers lurking In lumpy Jaw beef and to the fact that It causes appendb cltls, tuberculosis and cancer, was !g nored by tho dnlly press. The day of reckoning for tho' Heef Trust Is coming. The distributors of diseased meat won't have to wait very much longer. Tho Milk ted Press will get It In tho neck when tho Legislature Investi gates tho Heef Trust. Somo very tin- "!4-vf;! i rwJEjfiBBRfrwV,- ''''vr'C? lb V " t"'' ' " & ?-V2Fw9'-BsaBnJ ' ' ". f: ittfi "UV'i'V'V 'SRHKkallasssL ''uVIWbbbbbbbbbbbKJbbbbbbbK SetBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBSBnBBBBBB LWjBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBTaBT "''PSbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbK' v2bI....................................Hb WILLARD M. McEWEN, Judge of the Superior Court. IbBBbVbHA .-- V. VI "Hi ' ljk.1 ViKrj38-Jtti4 VjmLk , .jjtLrf.' VbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbI mbuusci MBTanBTanTanBTaTI Mtk. aaaaaaaaaaaaaaam Zmw$iaaaaaaaam ma. aaaaaaaaaaaaaam GEORGE W. PAULLIN, Prominent Merchant andvMambsr of tha Sanitary Board. JENNINGS, and Real Estate Dealer. wholesome truths will come out In that Inquiry. The dally pipers never say anything about the Heef Trust If tbey can help It. The people note this fact and com ment on It And yet the dallies wonder why they are losing their Influence. "The lnsicctors nt the Union Stock yards condemned and destroyed 284, "III iMHinds of food stuffs." Taken front the Hulletln of tho Chicago Health Do partmeut, week ending December 15, 1000. With tho Iteef Trust enlisting Its trusted employes ns government meat Inspectors, the outlook for pure food Is pretty gloomy. An Investigation of the Heef Trust by tho Illinois legislature Is what tho people demand. 1 1l &fSSfi: .IW.l.HJ'(J'' I tvirrt-t-- . ttM. .a--.-!"-'