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THK OHIOAQO HULOXjES.
Every Department of Our Establishment AHmnU with SgfentfM Assortment ff Met ehMNNM Ektfiiilvtly far the mm f Men. Athletic deed! Automobile Supplies Boats and Launches Bicycles Bar Good Business Stationery Clothing Cutlery Cigars and Tobacc Fishing Tackle Rods and Reels duns, Revolvers Ammunition Olovea Oolf Goods Harness and Saddles wo handle enly deeendasle grades or leads ; our prists ere the Uwtst, consistent wllh the quality sr the article Chlcalo's Papular Shipping Center stitLAiMHsKDNrssrsSti. nH ttcJMSt 3 MM Oram MM Chloago-Iatabllshed ISTS BEEF TRUST WARNING. The Chicago Health Department Tells the Public that Lumpy Jaw Beef Causes Appendicitis. The Chicago Eagle Has Made this Contention for a Year and Is Upheld. The Health Department of the city of Chicago has finally upheld the con tention of The Chicago Ragle, main tained for over n year, that lumpy Jaw beef, sold by Chicago packers to con sumers after tho local ulcers had been cut away, was tho cause of appendi citis. In n bulletin Just Issued by Commis sioner of Health Charles .1. Whalcn, the following warning to the public appears : In Its report to tho council of tho Chicago Medical Society last July, tho Committee of tho Society, appointed to examine Into tho sufficiency of tbo "In structions to Meat Inspectors" of the Health Department, with reference to tho protection of tho health of the con sumer and of tho public health, said, as to actinomycosis, ,or "lumpy Jaw :" "Tho Chicago regulations are distinctly more severe than thoso of other coun tries. . . . Tbo coiumltteo holds that tbo regulations ns to condemnation for abscesses opening Into tbo digestive or respiratory tract nro unnecessarily severe In the absence of secondary symptoms. Otherwise the rules were approved." Tho results of n study of actinomyco sis In tho human being and In nnlmnls, by tho pathologists of tho Department Laboratories, had led tho commission er to supplement tho original Instruc tions concerning tho inspection of "lumpy Jnw" cattle, with a special or der, reading as follows : "While actinomycoses Is usually con fined to tho head, and may be said, iu one sense, to bo a localized disease, and while some inspectors condemn tho part involved, I bellevo It Is safest and most practicable to condemn tho entire car cass whenover tho actinomycotic ob soess opons Into tho mouth, pharynx, larynx, or any part of the dlgestivo or respiratory tract; or when the lymphat ic glands nro Involved ; or where there are actinomycotic tumors In tho lungs; or where tho lesions huvo beeomo gen eralized, blnco generalization In acti nomycosis appears to run u very ntyplc course, making tho detection of all foci inside tho muscle very dllllcult. There ore, the eutlrc carcass is to be con demned. "In cases whero the actinomycotic lesions are positively localized, tho In fected part may bo cut away and tho remainder of the carcass used. "Theso Instructions apply only to 'lumpy Jaw.' There may bo other rea sons why you should want to condemn a carcass, and It Is then n matter of Judgment for you and your men. "Hut you bhould never hesitate If you IK.-Ilove tho animal to bo uot lit for human food." That the Department regulations, based ujion the pathologic study re ferred to, aru not "unnecessarily se vere," receives additional proof In a recent address and discussion beforo thu Medical .Society of Loudon, Hug., reported In tho Lancet of October 12, Inst, (page OM). Tho subject of tho address was actinomycosis as an ex citant of appendicitis, and tho fucts adduced certainly Indicate one probable causa of tho Increase of tho latter dis ease appendicitis. The essayist, T. U. Kelloch, first pointed out how much jnoro frequently actinomycosis was recognized "Mnco more modem methods of examination had been employed" as In tho studies of the Chicago Department's patholo gists. The affection was formerly ho llered to attack tho Jaws, tho liver und tho lungs almost exclusively In persons whosd lives were siient in tho country; It was now often recognized In other parts of tho body or In town dwellers. Tho star or ray formation was not always present, und Its lib M:nco must frequently havo led to n negative diagnosis when tho affection might havo been recognized by proper staining. As tho fungus or strepto- Hardware and Teals Hats and Caps Incubators and Brooders Jewelry and Silverware Neckwear Nets and Seines Office Supplies Pipes and Smokers' Articles Shirts, Collars and Cuffs Sporting Qoods Shoes Tents and Awnings Trunks and Suit Cases Umbrellas Underwear Watches thrlx generally entered tbo body by tho alimentary or respiratory tract and had a great disposition to Insluuato itself along tho ducts of glands open lug into these, it was easy to under stand that tho vermiform appendix should fairly frequently bo attacked when the organism bad traveled along the alimentary canal as far as tbo aeeum. From tho number of reported cases, actinomycosis of tbo vermiform would appear to be a not very uncom mon form of disease of that organ." la tbo discussion which ensued and which was participated In by the emi nent president of tbo society, Sir Lauder Brunton, tbo conclusions of the essayist were fully sustained; and it was, moreover, shown that actinomy cosis Is not Infrequently mistaken for other disease of tho abnomlnal and pelvic organs notably for tuberculo sis of the intestines, of the liver, tho pancreas, ovaries, etc. By tho depart ment pathologists It has been demon strated post mortem us tho cause of death In cases diagnosed during life ns tuberculosis or cauccr of othor or gans. Tho cxtrcmo dllllculty of determin ing tho truo uaturo of lutlammatory af fections of these organs Is an addi tional reason why tho llcsu of "lumpy Jaw" animals should bo sweeplugly prohibited for food. Insanitary conditions in tbo stock fords wero severely censured by Dr. Arnold 0. Klcbs In a lecturo ou "Con sumption and tho Home," given In the Public Library under tbo auspices of tbo Chicago Medical Society. "Somo day theso insanitary condi tions out nt tho stock yards will cause great upheaval In Chicago," he said. "They nro directly responsible for a trout deal of tho tuberculosis now prevalent In Chicago, and I firmly believe that ono of tho grentest strides that can bo inndo towards stamping out this terrlblo dlseaso is to bring about proper conditions nt tho stock yards." Tho Beef Trust will And It hard to get n resting place when tho peo plo of this country rlso ngalust It, as they surely will. Tho peoplo of tho wholo world nro crying for Its exter mination. An nverngo of 00,000 poumls of dis eased meat Is condemned ovcrv uonir Uv Chicago Health Department Inspectors in nutcner shops and grocery and de partment stores "Inside tho Union loop." If this great ninoiint of tuhnreninr. rancorous nnd maggoty material can bo round ity tho Inspectors and destroyed "Inside the loop," n small territory bounded by tho river, Van Huron street, Wabash nnd Fifth avenues, how many million pounds nro sold to tho public and consumed In tho vast territory out sldo tho loop? This is a very pertinent question. That 50,000 pounds of dlsensed meat can escape stockyards Inspection every week and And itself Into department and other stores "insldo tho loop," should sufflco to call nttontlon to tho vast amount of poisonous food that es. capes Inspection nt tho stockyards and Is sold outsldo tho loop. Facts nro facts, nnd figures never llo. If tho Beef Trust thinks that tbo peoplo will abide by tho fako reports of Investigations mndo by women's clubs, follego professors nnd nnsnrl.'iHnnj ,,. po.ed of Fo-called business men It Is greatly mistaken. If tho laws regarding tho selling of diseased moat wero enforced t!m n..f Trust would now bn In Jail. Tho Ileef Trust must be downed. Gpvernment Inspection, a Failure in the Past, Is No Guarantee fair the Future. TUBERCULOSIS BEEF. The General Public Hat a Fine Oppor tunity to Get All It Wants of It. Health Department Finds Cattle In Trust Coolers with Tuber culosis Trimmed Out. Tuberculosis Is becoming epidemic. Tho Beef Trust products afflicted with tuberculosis can be sold without let or hindrance, when past "inspection." ' .The school management committee of the Board of Education took active steps to prevent children afflicted with tuberculosis from attending school. A report drafted by Superintendent Coolcy nnd Dr. E. D. Dudley was adopt ed, which provides that when a teacher suspects that any child Is nffected with tho dlseaso It shall bo mndo known to tbo superintendent of schools by tho principal. After tho parents of tho child arc nottilcd tho pupil will be ex amined by medical Inspectors of the child study department. Parents will bo given permission to havo their fam ily physician present nt the examina tion. Tho poor children who got tho tuber culosis froii) meat must suffer. Wo can seo from tbo Health Depart ment reports that State nnd govern ment lusiectlon docs not prevent tuber culosis beef from getting Into tho cool ers from which the public Is served. Tbo statement that there are 10,000 consumptives In Chicago was made nt tho nununl meeting of tbo Visiting Nurso Association by Mr. Arthur Aldls, chairman of tho tuberculosis commit tee. Dr. Sachs spoke, urging drastic action by the Board ot Health to stamp out tho disease. Tuberculosis Is a Beef disease. It Is not hereditary. It is not contracted from Impure nlr. It Is contracted by cattug bnd meat sold by sordid and couscleucetess men who tblnk mora of dollars than they do of human lives. If any of your relatives hnvo tuber culosis you know who to blame. Tho homes saddened by tbo deaths of husbands, wives, fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters, sous nnd daughters, Tho coplo poverty stricken by con sumption, Know who Is guilty I There Is a day of reckoning for theso barons of blood nnd tyrants of tho Trust I Tho Chicago Eagle will keep upon their track until Europo as well as America will bo too hot to hold them. Tho liccf Trust may control govern ment Inspection. But tho Insignificant number of city of Chicago Inspectors only 11 In all although now strangely discontinued was still Bulllcleut to call attention to horrlblo facts. Tho following from tho Chicago Health Department Bulletin of Octo ber 28, 1003, spenks for Itself: Tho city Inspectors at tbo Union Stock Ynrds condemned "FIVE CAT TLB FOUND IN THE COOLERS, WITH A FART OF THE EVIDENCE OF TUBEUCULOSIS 'HUMMED OUT, AFTEIl HAVINO BEEN PASSED BY THE aOVEHNMENT INSPECTORS." "They also condemned nnd destroyed 3,003 poumls of cut meats shipped from St. Louis ami Kansas City, having passed government Inspection at thoso places." This shows tbo sort of government Inspection we have. If a few of tho governmental omis sions nro rectified how many thous ands nro not? How many homes In Europo nnd America aro at this moment harboring cuts of meat from tuberculosis cattle? Tho abovo report of tho Health Com missioner speaks of meat banging In tho coolers of trust houses, with tulter cular tumors "trimmed out" ready to bo cut Into steaks. Speaking of tho 3,035,000 pounds of food condemned In 1005 by Chicago Health Department Inspectors, Dr. O. J, Whalcn, Health Commissioner, says In his annual report: "EIGHTY PER CENT OF THE MEATS WEUB CONDEMNED ON ACCOUNT OF TUBEUCULOSIS." "Commenting upon this condltlou (continues Commissioner Whelan), 'American Medicine,' December S3, says : 'Ono stands aghast at tho crimi nal cupidity which will Induce men to attempt to sell such dangerous foods to nn unsuspecting community. It Is now In order to go a step further nnd find out who Is responsible for this moral obliquity. "'It Is well known that combina tions of tbo Inrger meat dealers havo existed in tho past to tho cud of rais ing tho prlco of food stuffs beyond tho point to which healthy competition would reduce them. Tho outcry has nlways boon In protest against tho In creased cost of living, but hero for tho tirst tlmo nro tho combinations which control tho food supply, brouglit iSr direct relation to public hcaltn. "'It Is high tlmo that thlj rotter bo taken out of tho class of mlnoi of fenses AND THE DEALERS THEM- SELVES LOOKED UPON IN THE LIGHT OF PUBLIC- DANGERS. Even ,n war, when nil kinds of brutality nro tint-tinned, it Is tho height of dis ILLINOIS MUST ACT. honor even murder to poison the wnter supply of n country. Is It nny better to poison tho food supply? It Is tlmo that the public mind should develop a conscience In this direction.1 " Speaking of Beef Trust tuberculosis rend the following from tho Health De partment Bulletin, November 4, 1005: "Tho total amount of meats con demned during the period was 10)43,343 pounds. Of tho principal causes of condemnation, 85 PER CENT WERE FOR TUBERCULOSIS, 12 per cent for actinomycosis lumpy Jaw and 4 per cent for hog cholera." Health Department Bulletin, Dec. 0, 1005: "A total of 147,000 pounds of meats was condemned and destroyed (during tho pnst week) under tho su pervision of tho department Inspectors nt tho Union Stock Ynrds. This In cludes 4,083, pounds of government-Inspected cut meats shlpitcd from pack ing houses In tho West for Chicago city trade nnd canning." Health Department Bulletin, Novem ber 11, 1003: "Although tho condemnation nnd de struction of food supplies unfit for huinnu consumption during tho pnst throe months since tho resumption of Stock Ynrds lnscctlon August 7 ult, by order of the Commissioner have reached Immense proportions, much un fit food still reaches the market Only such animals nnd meats as show gross pathologic conditions, recognisable by tho nnked eye, are now condemned. Fa cilities for microscopic laboratory ex amination havo not yet been restored. "Tho Union Stock Yards city Inspec tors condemned nnd destroyed .10 parts of beef carcasses, 3 hogs nnd 0 cattlo WHICH HAD BEEN PASSED BY THE GOVERNMENT INSPECTORS. "The total stock yards condemnations amounted to 170,808 pounds." "Parts of beef carcasses 1" In other words It has been mid Is tho practice to cut out tho cancers und tubercular tumors nnd let thu rest of tho carcass go to tbo peoplo for food I And yet wo call ourselves civilized. Health Department Bulletin. Dec. 10, 1005: "Tho department has mude a now ruling in regard to 'lumpy Jaw' or actinomycotic animals. Hereafter all animals that show, on post-mortoin examination, a degeneration of tho lesion, wlUi cavity formation, contain ing pus, will be condemned and de stroyed. "Heretofore only those with a gen eral Infection wero destroyed." nealth Department Bulletin, Nov. 30, 1003: "Stockyards Inspection of meats for Chicago retail markots was resumed by order of tho Commissioner of Health on Aug. 7, ult, with two de partment Inspectors employed. On Oct. 7 thrco additional Inspectors wero put to work, and, Oct 10 authority was given by tho Flnauco Coiumltteo of tho city council for tho employ ment of six more. "Between Aug. 7 and Nov. 30 a grand total of '.1,781,107 pounds of food supplies wero condemned and de stroyed ns unwholesome, diseased or otherwlso unlit for human food." Henlth Department Bulletin, Dec. 10, 1005: "Following Is a summary of unfit food condemned and destroyed durlug tho week: "At tho Union Stock Yards 202 cat tle, weight 152,500 pounds; 302 hogs, weight 58,838 pounds; 1G calves, weight 015 pounds; 12 sheep, weight 255 pounds; 10,113 pounds cut meats. Total, 231,330 pounds, "At city retail markets 18,030 pounds of fish; 30 calves, 4 hogs, 2, 000 pounds; 2 cattle, 1 sheep, 033 pounds of poultry nnd dressed meats ami vegetables, 1,401 pouuds. Total, 21,114 pouuds. "Aggregate condemnations of unfit food durlug tbo week, 252,444 pounds." Tho Beef Trust will bo Investigated by tho next Legislature. And what a showing up thero will bo I Tho Investigation of the Insurance companies by tho Now York Legisla ture will not be n clrcumstanco to It. Chicago's multl-inllllonalrcs grown rich selling dlseaso nnd poison to tho peoplo will i,a their Just dues then. Tho Chicago Newspaper Trust can not rave them, Tho Eaglo will keep up Its fight on tho cattlo and packing peoplo until the nalo of animals afflicted with cancer and tuberculosis Is stopped entirely, Tbo most amazing stupidity conceiv-1 able of any people with foreheads it that they should allow their supply of food to pass into tbo bands of one speculative Interest, says Charles Ed ward Russell In a powerful article written by him In the Appeal to Rea son. You can understand bow a care less community might tolerate a mo nopoly of some things, how it might endure to havo its transportation, for Instance, or its electric light, control led by one ownership, for men can live without sleeping cars or arc lamps; but that It should tolerate a monopoly of the primal necessity of food is beyond comprehension and without precedent Even naked sav ages have uniformly been too wise for that, and the only nation that has ever submitted to such a monstrous condition Is our own. From n thousand Illustrations of the Injuries wo all suffer from this Idiotic arrangement let us clto one. There Is no way of communicating disease to tho human body surer than through Infected meat tissue. Some of tho worst and most destructive ba cilli that prey upon mankind are com mon among the animals ho eats for food. Cows have tuberculosis and spread vast quantities of It through the human population. It Is so com mon among cows that the wise and the forewarned will use none but ster ilized , mltk. What Is "hog cholera" among swine Is merely typhoid fever in men. Trlcblnea In hogs poisons human beings. Both these diseases aro common among swine. Worse than all these, and more deadly, Is another fact that Is seldom commented upon becauio It Is too ap palling to dwell much upon. What Is called "lumpy Jaw" in cattle Is simply cancer. The germs of cancer are communicable. Many cattle have "lumpy Jaw." Any animal with "lumpy Jaw" Is unfit for human food. This opens a field tlint demands the Immcdlato nttentlon of the govern ment. Cancer is tho most terrlblo of nil diseases. After It has reached n certain stage of dovelopment It is ab solutely Incurable. Its progress to that stago may bo without the pa tlcnt'B knowledge or suspicion. Its advance beyond that stage cannot even bo checked. It slays Its victims with tho most horrible torture. In this country the recent Increase of this most terrible of human af flictions has been something to alarm us all. It was once rare; It now threatens to become common. In the Cincinnati hospital, In the year 1870 71, the number ot cancerous patients was one In 587. In 1004 the number was one In 273. In 1870, when the total population of the city was 216, 230, the number of cancer cases re ported nt all tbo institutions was 42; In 1000, with a total population of 325,002, tho number of cancer cases reported at all the Institutions was 108, and In 1003, with about the same population, tbo number was 207, I appeud the tnblo that sbows this as tonishing Increase. nero Is a similar report from two well-known hospitals elsewhere: ROOSEVELT HOSPITAL, NEW YORK. Total No. Year. of patients. Cancer. 1878 1,055 1870 1,017 1880 1,474 23 40 20 22 1881 1.095 1882 2,100 1883 2,132 1884 2,218 1885 2,372 1880 2,504 lCKJls immmmimmi e si7s9 1880. i MtHi 2,754 lOUU. tMIIMtltlMK kNjtJ lOUlf MMMMMMtll teiTO 1802 2,788 1803 2,884 1804 2,704 1803 8,204 1800 3,118 1807 8,184 1808 8,452 1800 8,086 1000 3,251 1001 8,770 1002 3374 1003 8,850 1004 4,230 No report. 20 85 87 22 0 77 55 70 78 . 103 05 102 85 08 00 73 00 114 115 181 105 PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL. Year. No, treated. Cancer. 1808-00. 2,104 1800-70 1,027 187(K1 ' t 1871-72 2,170 1872-73 2,155 1873-74 1,038 1874-75 1,074 1875-70 1,814 lo7wa77ie t.it.tt tl77tj lo77"7cie MitiiMMn 3Ou3 1878-70 1,072 1870-80. , 1,764 6 8 18 17 17 22 10 20 18 15 BEEF TRUST HORRORS. A Writer Holds This Awful Organization Responsible for the Spread of Cancer And Also Says that It Is Quilty of Spreading Tuberculosis and Other Diseases. 1880-81 2,170 18 1881-82 2,184 15 1882-83 2,180 17 1883-84 2,180 14 1884-88 2,200 27 1800-07 2,801 87 1807-08 3,241 08 1808-00 3,807 04 1800-00 1000-01 1001-02 100203 4,005 67 100304 4,337 61 From 1885 to 1800 the figures are missing. Theso are sample pages from the dreadful records. Tho trend of medi cal Investigation has been toward tho conclusion that tho origin of tho hu man cancer Infection Is to bo found In moat. It Is no longer held to be posslblo that cancer or a tendency to cancer can bo Inherited. Tho Infec tion Is due nlwnys to an activo agent taken In somo way Into tho system. The meat of cattlo afflicted with "lum py Jaw" would bo such an agent. There coino to tho slaughter houses of the trust, week by week, many cat tlo mulcted with "lumpy Jnw." What becomes of them? I don't know; you don't know; no body knows outsldo of tho precincts of tho slaughter houses. And yet thero can be no qucstlou to a man who desires to live that Is of greater Importance than tills. Tbo op erations of those slaughter houses arc conducted behind closed doors. No outsider Is allowed to gllmpso what goes on thero. No representative of tho public over gets behind that cur tain. You can go there and bo enter tained with a fako exhibition, of fako slaughtering conducted ns a" public spectacle. That amounts to nothing. Tho real work no ono over sees but thu employes. What becomes of tho dlsensed cat tlo? Theoretically they aro burned nnd converted Into fertilizer. Who scos tho burning? Who knows that It Is done or how It is done? Nobody out sldo of the employes. All wo know Is that "lumpy law" Is cancer; that many cattlo havo "lumpy Jnw;" that "lumpy Jaw" Is communicable and that cancer frightfully Increases. Tho London Lancet, tho leading medical Journal of Europe, sent a man to Chicago to investigate, so far as ho could, tbo slaughtering processes of the trust houses. Ho returned with a reve lation that should have called for gov ernment Investigation. He doclurcd that tho methods employed were most unsanitary. That tho work was douo In u hurried, careless, slipshod way; that thero was no tolorablo Inspection or sanitary supervision; that tho health of tho wqrld was menaced by those conditions. To this scathing Indict ment from a great medical authority no serious defense wus over made. Subsequently, thero appeared in Jamestown, N. Y., a remarkablo book, "Tho Dark Sldo of tho' Beef Trust," apparently written by nn expert, sup plementing tho charges of the Lancet iiiui enforcing thorn with such details as could hardly havo been supplied by anything but personal knowledge The wholo process of manufacture in tho trust houses was followed with mluuto caro and tho cbargo was explicitly mudo that curelessnes reigned every where; that lmpuro products wero ha bitually sent out for consumption; that meat lit only for destruction wus ha bitually worked up with spices and drugs to dlsgulso Its tasto nud sold to tho public. To this extraordinary array of spe cific assertions no answer was over made. Here, thou, nro two witnesses that solemnly declare that tho conditions in tho trust slaughter houses aro exactly such as would allow tho meat of "lumpy Jnw" cattle to bo sent out as food. Suppose thnt we tako of tho matter tho most charitable view possible. Suppose we assume that tho trust gen tlemen are most scrupulous about nil tho ways In which they mako money. Suppose we forget about tbo soldiers poisoned by embalmed beof, tho games of gouge and robbery practiced by the trust refrigerator car Hues, tbo manip ulation of a thousand markots for profits, tho tribute levied by this com bination upon all households in tbo country. Lot us forget that thoy aro law-breakers and money-mad and as sume that not ono of thorn would touch a cent of questionable profits. Still this question stares us in tho fnco: How do we know what becomos of tho "lumpy Jaw" cattle? How do tho trust geutlemon know? Their employes nro employed to mnko much money for tbo trust gen tlemen, How do we know tho ways Iu which tho money is uuido? How do tbo trust gentlemen know? Hero Is u stream of the most terrible Infection passing dally within a few Inches of the nation's food supply, 1 How do wo know thnt sufficient pre cautions nro tnkon to prevent content nation? How do tho trust gentlemen know? They Inform us that what goes oa behind tho walls of their plants la their own affair; that Is, their busi ness; they will manage It as they sea fit. Whose affair Is It then, If the nation cats diseased meat, If we are poisoned by trichinae, If cancer la creases? Other countries nro not so dull M wo nro about theso tlilnn. nttM countries understand very well the monstrous perils Involved In the meth ods of this monopoly, and, therefore, try to exclude American meats. To quiet tbelr objections the United States Is supposed to keep an Inspector upon meat Intended for export and to place upon It nn ofTlclnl stamp certify ing that It Is fit for food. If, then, these aro tbo methods Is regard to export beef, about which there Is nominal Inspection, what do you supposo are tho methods about meat for domestic consumption, ou which there Is no Inspection at all? Why was the Beef Trust allowed to go ou year nfter year violating the law ond no attempt made to prevent It? Why are the laws Inert against this ' criminal organisation? Why Is a man sent to prison for five years for forg ing a flro-dollnr check and these men go free for swindling a nation? Why do we contribute our dollar year nfter year to swell unnecessary hoards? Why are we content to have onr food prepared for us In secret under conditions that to any sane mind cer tainly suggest fraud and treachery? Wo nro not obliged to have these things It wo do not want them. The remedies nro sluiplo euougb. As to tho "lumpy Jaw," the tubercu losis und tho cancer, put n stop to prl vato slaughtering. Let till the slaugh tering of food animals bo done by the Stato lu tho light of day, without auy of this dark lantern business, on equal terms for nil. Thero ore very few private slaughter houses In England. Tho cities nnd towns run their slaugh ter houses under medical Inspection. But In Englnud tho people do not car to bo poisoned lu their meat And wo need not worry about tho ob jection that publicly owned slaughter houses are an Invasion of the private rights of business. When It cornea to life and death there are no private rights of business. No man has a right to saved profits that he makft by spreading disease. We have gone too far ou tbo road to public sanitation to turn bnck bcauso some gontlemau. profits uro threatened. The State wlH not allow you to go around with small IKx or to conceal scarlet fever In your house, although each may be strictly your own affair. Compared with can cer, sinnllpox and scurlet fever an nothing. If tho State can take radical measures to stamp out cholera It can tako radical measures to stamp out cancer, a million times worse than cholera. If it can provide pest bouses for public safoty It can provide slaugh ter houses for public safety. And Its duty In the one case Is at leust as clear as In tho other. Health Department Bulletin, Dec. 23, 1003: ' "At the Union Stock Yards the fol lowing havo been condemned and de stroyed: "280V4 cattle, weighing 148,824 pouuds: "350 hogs, weighing 40,475 pounds. "Cut meats weighing 5,024 pounds. "1G calves, weighing 855 pounds. "7 sheep, weighing 200 pounds. "Twenty-one cattle, nine bogs and 5,024 pounds cut meats wore con demned after (passing) government In spection." nealth Department Bulletin, Novem ber 23, 1003: "Condemnations of unfit food during the week: "At tbo Union Stock Yards, 08,709 pounds of cattle, hogs, calves and sheep. "At retail mnrkets 00,730 pounds or beef, bam nnd poultry," Tho Beef Trust will be stopped, no matter how hard the Chicago trust press nnd fake committees composed of ''exports" try to snvo it Thirty years ngo, according to the Chicago Health Department, the ma jority of tho deaths In Chicago were nmong Infants. Now, thanks to the Beof Trust, the great majority of tbo pnoplo who dlo nro ndults, tho average ago of tho deceased having Increase! from lafaney In 1875 to 31 years to 10001 1 -vl F , U