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THB OHIOAOO BJA-QLiBJ. Every Department of Our Awn)t with SttentlM AtMrtmentt t)t Mer immim rxdMtivtiy ftr tm mm tf mm. Athletic 04 Automobile Suppllsa at and Launch Bicycle Bar Oood Biisln Stationary Clothing Cutlery Cigar and Tobactt) Flahlng Tackle Rod and Reel dan, Revolvers Ammunition Olove Qolf Oood Ham and Saddles hanote only teflaaal grad of good; oar orlees the lewost oaltnt with theaualltyor the artlel Chlcagt's Ptfular Shtpplnji Center Che ttto. Htm t SssfUfs ttt, TUmUdmt3 MM tram MM Ohloago-Katabllshool I art CHICAGO George W. Jackson, Inc. v CONTRACTORS Bridges, Structural Steel, Machinery, Subways, Tunnels and Heavy Foundations. Interlocking Steel Sheeting. bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbW v.9 tr.vLrylm?jiL f1 i'.if,Vi IKbCmIw MiUBBBBBBW u i rSnHtfHMl K-w hnwlnir Intrrlncklnir Mivt ohit-tlna iwd In thn Ciintructl.ni l the ul- ' Ktructuru of the Kamlolph Slrwt llrldin- n tho oat Mu vt Kanilulph Stn-ct. City ( Clilcaicii OFFICE: 169-179 W. Jackson Blwl. STEEL 804-800 Eltton Ave. Ook Stew. Works Covkr an linos they put themselves where thoy oui bo and will tu Juntly criticised. It In wrong to uo committee for com intToliil purposes and to put through audi legislation as tho Allen bill, tho rob hills and tlio so-called graft meas ures." Tho ticket scalpers that Hit In ho teU with line desks anil signs nro Just as bad as tlm s-aljH.rs on the street. Enforce tho law! The proposition to build an emer gency hospital In tho downtown dis trict to bo maintained at tho exense of tho county wan given a setback by County Attorney Lewis and Assistant County Attorney Struckmann. Tho ob Jectlon to tho plan, an made by tho County Attorney and his assistant, was based on tho fact that they could And no authority In either tho county's i'harter or In tho statutes of Illinois by which mi emergency hospital could Iw maintained. Patrick C Haley, the popular attor ney for the Drainage Hoard, Is one of tho ablest ami most highly reiectcd lawyers In Illinois. Senator Albert J. Hopkins' splendid record In tho United States Senate has won for him tho highest esteem of th'i li)plo of Illinois. Tho day of reckoning for tho Beef Trust Is coming. Tlio distributors of diseased meat won't have to wait very much longer. The Interstate Commerce Commis sion should look Into tho overcrowding of steamboats plyiug on Lake Michi gan. Tlio Beef Trusts uuclean packing plants must bo torn down. Tho local government steamboat In prefers need Investigating. Tho con ditions on tho Whaleback nnd Virginia Inst year and also on tho South Haven Menmers, cmwd much comment at tho time. How many people nro to bo crowded Into theso boats? Must some thing awful happen before tho govern ment wakos up? Enforce tho ticket scalping ordinance Tho Health Department bulletin for tho week ending April 1.1, 100", an nounces tlio condemnation of 210,01-1 pounds of meat at tho stock yards nnd of -10,0.18 pounds of foodstuffs In tho 'loop'' district, ThlH makes a total of foodstuffs condemned slnco January 1, J007, of 3,871 ,117 pounds, an Incrcaw Hardware and Tool Hat and Cap Incubator and Brooder Jewelry and Silverware Neckwear Net and Selnea Office Supplies Pipe and Smoker' Articles Shirt, Collar and Cuff Sporting Oood Shoe Tents and Awning Trunk and Suit Case Umbrella Underwear Watches 'air NEW YORK WAREHOUSE: 178-190 Qulncy Street WORKS: 80-90 Mendel St Arka of 109,642 Squark Fket- of 127.22 per cent over tho correspond ing iterlod of last year, when tho to tal condemnation covered 1,703,851 IHHinds. Tho Newspaper Trust nnd tho Decf Trust. One and Inseparable. Since tho railroads quit giving pass es to tho dally papors, tho num ber of train wrecks lias greatly In creased. In other words the papers no longer suppress tho wreck now. If tho Beef Trust was to quit adver tising probably tho public would hoar ramothlng from tho dallies about tho lumpy-Jaw, cancer nnd tuberculosis dished up to tho people for food. The dally paper never say anything about tho Beef Trust It they can help It. The people noto this fact and com ment on It And yet the dallies wonder why they are losing their Influence. Tho lato city administration was gcod to tho Beef Trust and the people did not forget that fact If the Beef Trust thinks that the peoplo will abide by the fake reports of Investigations mado by women's clubs, college professors and associations com posed of so-called business men -It Is Ctly mistakes. With tho Beef Trust enlisting Its trusted employes as government meat Inspectors, the outlook for pure food Is pretty gloomy. Tho meat Inspection law which wns framed up to suit tho Beef Trust, docs not provldo for microscopic examina tions and no microscopic examination Is made of jiork for tho pur)oso of dis covering evidences of trichina. No winder that foreign governments with the good health of their subjects In mind nro somewhat suspicious of Beef Trust irk. Tho Lumpy-Jaw Exchange nt tho Stockyards cannot run tho city of Chi cago forever. It will And that out be fore long. St. Paul, Feb. 21. Health Coinmls sloner O'llngo to-day said that tho fed eral Inspection of meats nt tho South St. Paul packing houses "affords abso lutely no protection against tho spread of trichinosis." TliU htutement wns made In connection with a verdict re turned by the coroner's Jury In tlio enho of tho death of Ernest Goers, yes terday, in which tho Jury urged Con gress to provide for more thorough In- sis-ctton of food products. Goers died or tricninoMs as n result of eating raw pork Jn bologna sausage. THE BEEF TRUST For Years it Stole Millions of Gallons of Chicago through "Blind Pipes and Never Made Resti tution and Never Was Punished for Stealing. Now it Has Raised the Price of the Food Products of the Country and Its Assaults Upon the Health of Our Citizens Are Matters of Record. The Beef Trust stole millions of gal lon of water from Chicago water mains by means of "blind plc" lead ing from the streets to their packing houses. While other jienplc had to pay for the water they ued, the Beef Trust gentlemen paid nothing. The discovery of these thefts caused great Indignation among tho people at the time, but the Beef Trust wns never obliged to make restitution and the olllclals who were bribed, were never punished. The record of the Beef Trust Is a record of rascality, venality and cor ruption. Caught red-handed stealing water from the people. It simply asked them what they were going to do about it. Every attempt to prevent the sale of lumpy Jaw beef In Chicago has been blocked by the agents of the Beef Trust. These are facts that are easily prov en ami yet the lives and happiness of millions of people are dally put In peril by this uwful trust. Lately the Beef Trust has been branching out and gobbling up other lines of business. It controls tho meat business. It controls the poultry trade. It controls the egg market. It controls the hide market. It controls the I wot and shoo trade. And lately It has stepped Into the control of a large part of the vegetable market. lu order that the multl-mllllonalres nt Its head may thrive, It has raised the price of living upon the iwiple of the United Stntes. It Is the Beef Trust and the Beef Trust alone that hah mado the cost of living as high as It Is. The Beef Trust buys cattle, swine and sheep on the hoof for almost noth ing. If you will take the trouble to look at tho market reK)rts of tho dally papers you will see that the trust pays from 1 .'J."l to $2 per 100 pounds for canning cows. This Is a cent and a quarter to two cents u pound. For very high grade meat they pay as high as live or six cents a iKtunii. The trust utilizes every lmrllon of the cattle, hoofs, horns, Intestines, hide, hair and hones. It could afford to sell the peoplo meat at reasonable prices 'and make a big profit itself. But it Is too hoggish to do this. It has tho American public by the throat and makes the American public pay outrageous prices. The following from tho Chicago Dally News market rcKirt for April 0, 11)07, Is n fair sample of what tho Beef Trust pays for cattle, per 100 jKMinds: Good to prime steers .".nOfiJil.Tfi Common to good steers.... A.T(i 5.oo Inferior to common steers,. :i.85ft4.7ft GikmI to fair cows and heifer 3.501575.25 Yearlings, good to choice.. 5.15ffxU.UO Good cutting to fair beef cows 2.45(573.25 Fair to choice feeders :i.8ori.".no Fair to choice stockers.... mi-!ir Common to good canning cows 1.25472.10 Bulls, common to good 2.2.Vf 13.75 Bulls, good to choice 3,75(5; -1.25 Calves, fair to good 3.0O(5?5.75 Calves, good to choice tl.OOftj 7.00 You will seo from the above figures that tho average price paid by the Beef Trust Is about ft cents a iouud. But do the people who have to pay exorbitant prices for fol get good food? Let us look nt some of the records of the Chicago Health Department for a reply: Tho following from the Chicago Health Department Bulletin of Octo ber 28, 1005, speaks for Itself: Tho city Inspectors at tho Union Stock Yards condemned "FIVE CAT TLB FOUND IN THE COOLEKS, WITH A PAUT OF THE EVIDENCE OF TUBERCULOSIS TUIMMED OUT, AFTER HAVING BEEN PASSED BY THE GOVERNMENT INSPECTORS." "Thoy also condemned and destroyed 3,003 pounds of cut meats shipped from St. Louis and Kansas City, having passed government inspecttcn at those places." This shows the sort of government Inspection wo have. If a few of tho governmental omis sions are rectified how many thous ands are not? How many homes In Europo 'nnd America are nt this moment harboring cuts of meat from tuberculosis cattlo? Tho abovo report of the Health Com missioner speaks of meat hanging In tho coolers of trust bouses, with tuber cular tumors "trimmed out" ready to be cut Into steaks. Sponklng of the 3,035.000 pounds of food condemned In 1005 by Chicago Health Department Inspectors, Dr. C. J. Whnlen, Health Commissioner, says In his annual report: "EIGHTY PER CENT OF THE MEATS WERE CONDEMNED ON ACCOUNT OF TUBERCUL08I8." "Commenting upon this condition (continues Commissioner Whelnn), 'American Medicine,' December 23, says : 'Ono stands nghast nt tho crimi nal cupidity which will Induce men to nttempt to sell such dangerous foods to an unsuspecting community. It Is now In order to go n step farther and (hid out who Is responsible for this moral obliquity. "'It Is well known that combina tions of tho larger meat dealers have existed In tho past to the end of rais ing tho price of food stuffs beyond the point to which healthy competition would reduce them. The outcry tins always been In protest against the In creased cost of living, but here for the tlrst time are the combinations which control tho food supply, brought !r direct relation to public hcnltn. "It Is high tlmo that th!j rotter be taken out of the class of mlnoi of fenses AND TUB DEALERS THEM SELVES LOOKED UPON IN THE LIGHT OF PUBLIC DANGERS. Even in war, when all kinds of brutality are anctloned. It Is the height of dis honor even murder to poison the water supply of a country. Is It any better to poison tho food supply? It Is time that the public mind should develop a conscience in this direction.' " Speaking of Beef Trust tuberculosis rend the following from the Health De partment Bulletin, November 4, 1005: "The total amount of menu con demned during the period wns 1,843,343 pounds. Of tho principal causes of condemnation, 85 PER CENT WERE FOR TUBERCULOSIS, 12 per cent for actinomycosis lumpy jaw and 4 er ccut for hog cholera." Health Department Bulletin, Dec. 0, 1005: "A total of 147,000 pounds of meats was condemned and destroyed (during tho past week) under tho su liervlslon of tho department Inspectors nt tho Union stock Yards. This In cludes 4.0S3 pounds of government-Inspected cut meats shipped from pack ing houses lu tho West for Chicago city trndo and canning." Health Department Bulletin, Novem ber 11, 1005: "Although the condemnation nnd de struction of food supplies unfit for human consumption during the past three months since tho resumption of Stock Yards Inflection August 7 ult, by order of the Commissioner have reached Immense proportions, much un lit food still reaches the market. Only such animals and meats as show gross pathologic conditions, recognizable by tho naked eye, are now condemned. Fa cilities for microscopic laboratory ex amination have not yet been restored. "The Union Stock Yards city Imqtec tors condemned and destroyed 30 parts of lieef carcasses, u hogs and (I cattle WHICH HAD BEEN PASSED BY THE GOVERNMENT INSPECTORS. "The total stock yards condemnations amounted to 17U,80S pounds." "Parts of beef carcasses!" In other words It has been and Is tho practice to cut out the cancers and tubercular tumors and let the rest of tho carcass go to the peoplo for foodl And yet wo call ourselves civilized. The Beef Trust will And It hard to get a resting place when tho peo plo of this country rise against It a they surely will. The peoplo of the whole world are crying for its exter mination. An average of 50,000 pounds of dis eased meat Is condemned every week by Chicago Health Department inspectors In butcher shops and grocery and de partment stores "Inside the Union loop." If this great amount of tubercular, cancerous and maggoty Inaterlal can be found by tho Inspectors and destroyed "Insldo the loop," a small territory bounded by tho river, Van Buren street, Wabash and Fifth avenues, how many million pounds aro sold to the public nnd consumed In the vast territory out sldo tho loop? This Is n very pertinent question. Thnt 50,000 pounds of diseased meat can cscapo stockyards inspection every week nnd find Itself Into 'department nnd other stores "Inside tho loop," should suffice to call attention to tho vast amount of poisonous food that es capes Inspection nt the stockyards and Is sold outsldo the loop. Facts are facts, and figure nave 1st The most amazing stupidity concelv-', able of any people with forehead 1 that they should allow their supply of food to pas Into the hands of one speculative Interest, says Charles Ed ward Russell In a powerful article written by him In the Appeal to Rea son. You can understand bow a care less community might tolerate a mo nopoly of sotno things, how It might endure to have its transportation, for Instance, or its electric light, control led by one ownership, for men can live without sleeping cars or arc lamps; but that It should tolerate a monopoly of the primal necessity of food Is beyond comprehension nnd without precedent Even naked sav ages have uniformly been too wise for thnt nnd tho only nation thnt has ever submitted to such a monstrous condition Is our own. From n thousand illustrations of the Injuries wo all suffer from this Idiotic arrangement let us clto one. There is no wny of communicating disease to the human body surer than through Infected meat tissue. Some of the worst nnd most destructive ba cilli thnt prey upon mankind are com mon nmong the animals ho eats for food. Cows have tuberculosis and spread vast quantities of it through tho human population. It 1 so com mon nmong cows that the wise and the forewarned will use none but ster ilized milk. What Is "bog cholera" among swine Is merely typhoid fever In men. Trlchlnen In bogs poisons bumnn beings. Both these diseases aro common among awlne. Worse than all those, and more dendly, Is another fact that 1 seldom commented upon because it i too ap palling to dwell much upon. What Is called "lumpy jaw" in cattle is simply cancer. The germs of cancer are communicable. Many cattle have "lumpy jaw." Any animal with "lumpy Jaw" 1 unfit for human food. This opens a Held that demand the linmcdlnte attention of the govern ment Cnncor Is tho most terrible of all diseases. After It has reached a certain stage of development It 1 ab solutely Incurable. Its progress to that stage may be without the pa tient's knowledge or suspicion. It advance beyond that stage cannot even be checked. It slay Its victim with the most horrible torture. In this country the recent Increase of this most terrible of human af fliction baa been something to alarm us nil. It was once rare; it now threatens to become common. In the Cincinnati hoapital, In the year 1870 71, the number of cancerous patient wn one In 587. In 1004 the number was one In 278. In 1870, when the total population of the city was 216, 230, the number of cancer case re ported at all the institutions was 42; In 1000, with a total population of 820,002, the number of cancer case reported at all the Institution was 108, and In 1003, with about the same population, the number wn 207. I append the table that show tbla as tonishing Increase. Here is a similar report from two well-known hospitals elsewhere: ROOSEVELT HOSPITAL, NEW YORK. Total No. Year. of patients. Cancer, lino l0o 23 1870 1,017 40 1880 1,474 1881 1,055 1882 2,100 1883 2,132 18SJ 2,248 1885 2,372 18S0 2,504 1887 2,728 1888 2,487 1880 2,754 1800 2,015 1801 2,704 1802 2,788 1803 2,884 1804 2,704 1805 8,204 1800 8,118 lOUf MIMMMMIM4 tOliV loUo MtlltMMtlltl 8(4u3 1800 s ttMMMIMMII O0Q3 1000 8,251 1U01 8,770 1002 8374 1003 8,856 1004 4,230 20 22 26 85 37 103 85 102 85 88 86 78 80 114 115 181 105 No report. PENNSYLVANIA HOSPITAL. Yenr. No. treated. Cancer. 1808-00. 2,104 6 1800-70. 1,027 1870-71 1871-72. 2,176 8 1872-78 2,165 18 1878-74 1,088 17 1874-70 1,074 17 1875-70 i.;,814 2fl 1870-77 1,778 18 1877-78. 1,002 20 1878-70. 1,672 18 S879-80. 1,764 MUST GO ! of Water from the People 1880-81 2,170 18 1881-82 2,184 10 1882-83 2,130 17 1883-84 2,180 14 1884-85 2,200 27 1800-07 2,801 87 1807-08 3,241 08 1808-00 3,807 64 loUOUO. 1000-01 i InJ IHWt t 1002-03 4,005 67 1003-04 4,337 61 From 1885 to 1800 the figures are missing. These are snmplc pages from the dreadful records. vTho trend of medi cal Investigation has been toward the conclusion thnt the origin of tho hu man cancer Infection Is to be found In meat. It In no longer held to he possible that cancer or n tendency to cancer ean ho Inherited. The Infec tion Is due nlwnys to an active agent taken lu some wny Into the system. The meat of cattlo mulcted with "lum py jaw" would ho such an ngent. There come to tho slaughter houses of the trust, week by week, many cat tle mulcted with "lumpy Jnw." What becomes of them? I don't know; you don't know; no body knows outside of tlio precincts of the slaughter houses. And -yet tlicro can be no question to n man who desires to live that Is of greater Importance than this. Tho op erations of those slaughter houses arc conducted behind closed doors. No outsider Is allowed to glimpse what goes on there. No representative of the public ever gets behind that cur tain. You can go there nnd bo enter tained with a fnko exhibition of fnko slaughtering conducted as a public spectacle. That amounts to nothing. The real work no ono ever sees but the employes. What becomes of the diseased rat tle? Theoretically they are burned nnd converted Into fertilizer. Who sees tho burning? Who knows that It Is done or how It Is done? Nobody out sldo of tho employes. All wo know Is thnt "lumpy law" Is cancer; thnt many cattlo have "lumpy jaw;" that "lumpy Jnw" Is communicable and thnt cancer frightfully Increases. Tho Loudon Lancet, tho leading medical Journal of Europe, sent a man to Chicago to Investigate, so far as ho could, tho slaughtering processes of the trust houses. Ho returned with n rove Intlon that should bavo called for gov ernment Investigation. He declared that Uie methods employed wcro most uusnnltnry. That tlio work was done In a hurried, careless, slipshod way; 'that there was no tolerable inspection or sanitary supervision; that tho health of the 'world was menaced by these conditions. To this scathing Indict ment from a great medical authority no serious dofenso was ever made. Subsequently, there appeared In Jamestown, N. Y a remarkable book, "The Dark Side of the Beef Trust," apparently written by an expert, sup plementing the charges of the Lancet mui enforcing them with such details as could hardly have been supplied by anything but personal knowledge The whole process of manufacture In the trust house was followed with minute euro and the charge was explicitly made that carelcssnes reigned every where; thnt Inhere pruuuets were lm. bltually sent out for consumption; thnt meat tit only for destruction was ha bitually worked up with spices and drugs to disguise its taste aud sold to the public. v To this extraordinary nrriiy of spe cific nssertlous no uuswer was over made. Here, then, aro two witnesses thnt solemnly declare that fhe conditions In the trust slaughter houses are exactly such as would allow the meat of "lumpy Jaw" cattlo to be sent out a food. Suppose thnt we take of the matter the most charitable view possible. Suppose we assume that the trnst gen tlemen are most scrupulous about all the ways In which they make money. Suppose we forget about tho soldiers poisoned by embalmed beef, the games of gouge and robbery practiced by the trust refrigerator car lines, tho manip ulation of a thousand markets for profits, thctrlbute levied by this com bination upon all households in the country. Let us forget that they are law-breaker and mouoy-mad and as sume that not one of them would touch a cent of questionable profits. Still this question atare us In the face; How do we know what becomes of the "lumpy Jaw" cattle? How do the trust gentlemen know? Their employe are employed to make much money for the trust gen tlemen, How do we know the way In which the money 1 made? How do the trust gentlemen know! Here ia a stream of., the moat terrible I infection passing dally within fw lack of the nation' food, apply, How do we know that sufficient pre cautions aro taken to prevent contami nation? How do the trust gentlemen know They Inform us that what goes on behind tho walls of their plants la their own nffnlr; that Is, their bad ness; they will manage It as they Bea ut Whoso affair Is It, then, if tho nation eats diseased meat If we are poisoned by trichinae, If cancer IB creases? Other countries n re-not so dull a wo are about these things. Other countries understand very well tho monstrous perils Involved In the meth ods of this mouopoly, and, therefore, try to exclude Amcrlcnn meat. To quiet their objections the United States Is supiioscd to keep an Inspector uiioii meat Intended for export and to place upon It an ofllclnl stamp certify ing that It Is lit for food. If, then, theso nro tho methods In regard to export beef, about which there Is nominal Instiectlon, what do you supiioso arc tho methods about meat for domestic consumption, on which there Is no Inspection nt nil? Why was tho Beef Trust allowed to go on year after year violating the law and no nttempt made to prevent It? Why are the laws Inert ngntnst tbla criminal organization? Why Is a man sent to prison for llvo years for forg ing n tlvodollnr check and these men go free for swindling a nation? Why do wo contribute our dollar year after year to swell unnecessary, hoards? Why are we content to hare our food prepared for us lu secret under conditions that to nny sano mind cer tainly suggest fraud nnd treachery? We nro not obliged to have the things If wo do not want them. Tho remedies are simple enough. As to the "lumpy jaw," the tubercu losis nnd tho cancer, put a stop to pri vate slaughtering. Lot nil the slaugh tering of food aulmnis be douo by tho State In the light of day, without any of this dark lantern business, on equal terms for all. There are very few prlvnto slaughter houses In England. Tho cities and towns run their slaugh ter houses under medical inspection. But In England tho peoplo do uot cart to bo poisoned In their meat And wo need not worry about the ob Jectlon that publicly owned slaughter houses are an Invasion of the private rights of business. When it cornea to life and death there are no private rights of business. No man ha a right to tared profits that be make by spreading disease. We have gone tot far on the road to public sanitation to turn back bcause some gentleman' profits are threatened. The State wlH not allow you to go around with small pox or to conceal scarlet fever In your house, although each may be strictly your own "affair. Compared with can cer, smallpox and scarlet fever aro nothing. If the State can take radical measures to stamp out cholera it can take radical measures to stamp out cancer, a million times worse than cholera. If It can provide pest house for public safety it can provide slaugh ter house for public safety. And It duty in the one case Is at least as clear a In the other. Insanitary conditions in the stock fards were severely censured by Dr. Arnold C. Klobs In a leeture on "Con sumption and the Homo," glveu In the Public Library under the auspices of the Chicago Medical Society, "Some day these Insanitary condl tlons out at the stock yards will cause a great upheaval In Chicago," he said. "They are directly responsible for a greet deal of the tuberculosis now prevalent In Chicago, and I firmly believe that one of the greatest strides that can be made towards stamping out this disease Is to bring about nrojcr conditions at tho stock yurd." If the laws regarding the selling of diseased meat were enforemi tfm pr Trust would now be In Jail. Tho lumpy-Jaw Industry Is thriving. So Is scarlet fever, diphtheria aud tu berculosis. The Beet Trust wlllbe stopped, no mutter how hard the Chicago trust press aud fake committees composed of "experts1' try to save it Thirty year ago, according to. tb Chicago Health Department, the ma jority of the deaths In Chicago were among infant. Now, thanks to the Beef Trust, the great majority of tnt paaple who die are adults, the averaga age of the deceased having Increase! from infancy la 1875 to SI year bj WW 'j&f&V-i tiiyt,'fa iS-ii !& ,JbtJtr. .-' A--- ... ... Ti'ti - !: to,k4juVdg&jJJJ