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THE CHICAGO EAQLE1. THE BEEF TRUST HAS RAISED THE PRICE OF FOOD! MEAT SCANDAL GROWS Chicago Is Not the Only City with Tuberculosis, Lumpy Jaw and . Cancerous Beef. BEEF TRUST GREED. It Floods Chicago with Lumpy Jaw Cattle and the Authorities : Do Nothing. imlrf The National Capital Menaced by Tons of Food of the Char acter Named. Chicago Is not the only place that I suffering from the Indiscriminate sale of tubercular unit lumpy Jaw beef ami from trichina hogs. The National capital Itself Is men need ly this awful food tins fol lowing, taken from the Chicago Dully News, of April 17. 1007, tcstlllc: (Special Correiondeiico of The Chi cago iMlly News.) Washington. D. C, April 15. The recent discovery that tuberculous cat tle, condemned for dairy purposes, were being slaughtered and sold for food In the markets of Washington has emphasized the neccslty of extreme wntchfulues on the part of State and city food, Inspectors In all parts of the country. The dheovery created a sen sation In the uatlou'tl capital, but the facts were fully verified and has led to a strengthening of the local Inspec tion service which may hereafter re quire that condemned cattle shall bo absolutely destroyed In the presence of the Inspectors. When the meat-lnpectlon law was passed by Congress It provided solely for the Inspection of meats for Inter state and foreign commerce. It was tleclllcally pointed out at the time that Intrastate commerce was not concerned In the provision of the law mid there Is nothing on the statute books to prevent dle.ied meats from being sold In Washington, Chicago or anywhere ol-e. If slaughtered and ship ped within the conllnes of a State, ex cept for the provisions of tho State mid municipality and the vigilance of their otllclals. Following the Investi gations at Chicago by Mors. Nelll nud Reynolds for the President, It wis jiolntcd out in theo columns that re lief of the local markets from the sale of dlsc.i!cd meats could not bo had without an application of the most stringent regulations and Inspection. The discovery In Washington during the past week Is Illustrative of what can easily happen and what 'may bo exacted In any community, desplto the untiring efforts of health olllclals to prevent tho stile of bad meats In city markets. The discovery of this condition In Washington was brought about by u united effort on tho part of tho health olllclals to trace the causes of typhoid fever, tuberculosis and other mortal diseases, particularly deadly In tho District of Columbia. Examinations by health experts on a dairy farm In Virginia, near Washington, led to tho discovery of seventeen cases of tuber culosis lu tho dulry herd. Tho bureau of animal Industry of the department of agriculture has re peatedly called attention to tho growth of contagious disease In animals used for food. Previous to the passage of tho inspection law, oxperleneo In tho largo abattoirs Inspected under federal supervision showed : per cent of hogs suffering from tuberculosis and many other diseases were prevalent In pro portion. Tho annual loss on hogs nlouo to tho packers as n result of this con demolition was $3,000,000 nunually. The bureau never ceased to declare that abattoirs having no Inspection could not possibly avoid tho purchuso of diseased eurcase. Under tho meat-Inspection law, as It now operate-!, Intrastate shipments of diseased carcasses slaughtered by small butchering establishments not ongaged In Interstate or foreign com merce aro not Inspected, and, Uncivil '""tlally, aro subject to the samo suspi cion which tho government formerly had on larger establishments engaged In Interstate and foreign trade which, similarly, had no government Inspec tion. It dourly behooves tho meat producing States and tho cities of the country, In tho light of tho recent ox Mrleiieo of Washington, to redoublo their vigilance, ulrss they may right fully bo charged with a neglect of duty and by failure to supplement tho national laws and Inspection service, guarantee only to tho foreigner and their nelglilsirs In other States exemp tion from the uso of dlo.ied meats. LEROV T. VERNON. The Chicago Examiner In Its mar ket rejwrt, published April 11, 1U07, said: "Speculators at tho Sto:t Yards are paying $2 and $3 per bead for thou sands of condemned calves and the trade Is making Inquiry ns to their ultimate destination. Packers hnvo a habit of purchasing big droves of calves at jJO.SO, btlpnlntlng that ono In five Is to bo thrown out at SI. When the inspector comes around ho condemns everything under loo pounds and then tho outside speculator guts busy buying up tho condemned delega tion nt 2 nud 3 cents per pound. Ob viously In- eould not afford to pay such prices If bo uero taking elianees on ft S'lb-C'i'it-nt rigid imst-mnrtein in tpectlon, and the trade Is of the opin ion that much of this veal gets Into food channels. Hither the country shipper or tho consumer Is being m- ,: .j,. ..jSllj.. gjiu.tii posed upon In the matter. This Is calf season, Tuesday witnessing the arrival of 0,000 to 10,000, and both packers nud speculators are finding the handling of veal a prolltablo proposi tion. Many of ihesc calves ought uot to bo shipped alive from the country, and the practice Invites nttentlou by the Humane Society." With u corps ot Beef Trust Inspec tors the fate of the public will be worse than It ever was. The Chicago Tribune, nfter calling attention to tho fact that only 27 out of 110 meat product Inspectors had gone to work under the new law, said on Tuesday, Sept 11, 1000: "It will be necesary to hold another examina tion before the full complement of 120 men can be Installed, and It Is doubt ful If ti Rtilllclcnt number will be avail able for duty when the new law goes Into effect Oct. 1. The new Inspectors will look nfter sanitary conditions nt the plants principally, and Mr. Cooley placed them where they could do the most effective work In the four estab lishments. They will Inspect tho truck1", rooms, hangers, tables, pipes nml floors. Sixty-tlve of thoe who took the exam ination recently passed but only twenty-seven reported for duty. This Is ac counted for by the fact that of tho'e who passed a number are now em ployed In the packing houses nt $t00 a month. The salary of an Inspector Is but SSS.33 n month." A great portion of the "lumpy Jaw" beef slaughtered In tho United States and passed ns "sound" by the Inspect ors l sold nud consumed In Chicago, according to a recent artlelo In the Chicago Tribune. St. Louis prohibits both the slaughter and sale of "lumpy Jaw" eattlo In that city, and Kansas City, while It permits the slaughtering of such cattle, prohibits the sale of tho beef. That Chicago has lecomc tho "dump ing ground" for practically all tho "lumpy Jaw" beef In tho country was revealed by food Inspectors. At one plant are slaughtered every Friday from 100 to 200 head of "lumpy Jaw" cattle. Of those only a small fraction Is condemned as unfit for con sumption. The rest, with tho diseased parts cut out, Is sold for prlmo beef, mid brings tho retailer as good prices us tho best beef. This Is possible by reason of the fact that tho consumer has no way of telling whether tho beef ho buys Is part of a "lumpy Jaw" steer or not If tho In spectors pass nn Infected animal, after tho post-mortem inspection, tho beef Is placed In the cooler and hold Just ns nny other beef. Out of a total day's slaughter of ISO bend of "lumpy Jaw" nud otherwise In fected animals only twelvo car casses wore condemned nftor post mortem Inspection. This nienns that nt an average weight of 1,200 pounds each there will bo Gold In Chicago during the next few days at least 120,000 pounds of "lumpy Jaw" beef. How much of tho same kind of meat Is shipped Into Chicago from Kansas City and other places where Its sale Is pro hibited would bo dllllcult to estimate, but tho quantity Is undoubtedly large. In most of tho Eastern cities ordi nances are lu forco prohibiting tho sale of meat from animals with actinomy cosis, tho scientific name for "lumpy law." Thus Chicago remains as tho only largo market whore that class of eattlo may bo slaughtered and sold with profit. Tho avorago weekly receipts of eattlo at tho stock yards are 70,000 head, and among theso always aro found from 100 to 200 animals Infected In one way or another. Tho Beef Trust continues Its awful work of murder. Even tho employes of tho Government hired to snniplo their products nro victims, Itcnd this: Washington, 1). C, Nov. 21. Tho death of Itobcrt Vance Freeman, a member of tho Department of Agricul ture's first "poison squad," Is likely to be followed by n suit against tho Gov ernment by his mother. young Preemnn Miecunibed to tuber culosis after a long Illness, dating from his discharge from tho squad six months after lie joined. When lie Joined tho "poNon squad" three years ago ho was declared to bo physically perfect. His mother declares tho botlc n-hl diet tots to which ho was sub jected weakened his system. Dr. H. W. Wiley, Government food expert, calls tho theory nhMird. Upon entering tho "poison squad" young Freeman and other members signed nn agreement absolving tho Government from nil blnuio from any results that might happen. It Is con tended by Freeman's mother that he was not of ago when ho feigned tho paper, ' ysfcsv If government Inspection nt tho I'nlon Stock Yards Is such n good thing and Is so thoroughly dono, how Is It that we llud tho following state ments on tho olllclal records of the Chicago Health Department: Tho following from the Chicago Health Department Bulletin of Octo ber 2S, 11)05, speaks for Itself: The city Inspectors at tho Union stock Yards condemned "FIVE CAT TLE FOUND IN THE COOLERS. WITH A PAUT OF THE EVIDENCE OF TU11EUCULOS1S 'HUMMED OUT, AFTEIt HAVING BEEN l'AHSKU HI THE GOVERNMENT INSPECTORS." "They also condemned und destroyed 3,003 pounds of cut meats shipped from St. Louis nud Kansas City, having passed goverumout Inspection ut those places." Health Department Bulletlu, Dec. 23, 1005: "At tho Union Stock Turds the fol lowing have been coudeuiued aud de stroyed : "2S0U cattle, weighing 148,824 pounds. "350 hogs, weighing 40,475 pounds. "Cut meats weighing 5,0:24 pounds. "15 calves, weighing 853 pounds. "7 sheep, weighing 200 pounds. "TWENTY-ONE CATTLE, NINE HOGS AND 5,024 POUNDS CUT MEATS WERE CONDEMNED AFT ER (PASSING) GOVERNMENT IN SPECTION." Health Department Bulletin. Dee. 0. 1005: "A total of 147,000 pounds of meats was conuemnea ana uestroyeu (during the past week) under tne su pervision of the department Inspectors at tho Union Stock Yards. This In cludes 4.0S3 pouuds of government-Inspected cut meats shipped from pack ing houses In the West for Chicago city trade and canning." ' Health Department Bullotln, Novem ber 11, 1005: "Although the condemnation and de struction of food supplies unlit for human consumption during the past three months since the resumption of Stock Yards Inspection August 7 ult., by order of tho Commissioner have reached Immense pronortlons. much un lit food still reaches tho market Only such animals and meats ns show gross pathologic conditions, recognizable by the naked eye, are now condemned. Fa emtio for mlcrosconlo laboratory ex amination bavo not yet been restored. "Tho Union Stock Yards city Inspec tors condemned and destroyed 110 parts of beef carcasses, it hogs and (I cuttle WHICH HAD IlEEN PASSED HY THE GOVERNMENT INSPECTORS. "The total stock yards condemuatlous nmounted to 170.S0S pounds." Speaking of tho 3,035,000 pounds of food condemned In 1005 by Chicago Health Department Inspectors, Dr. C. ,T. Whalen. Health Commissioner, says in his annual report: "EIGHTY PER CENT OF THE MEATS WERE CONDEMNED ON ACCOUNT OF TUBERCULOSIS." "Commenting upon this condition (continues Commissioner Whalen), 'American Medicine,' December 23, snvs! 'Ono stands aghast at the crimi nal cupidity which will liuluco men to attempt to sell such dnuserous foods to nn unsuspecting community. It Is now In order to go a step farther and llnd out who Is responsible for this moral obliquity. "'It Is well known tlmt combinations of tho larger meat dealers have exist ed In tho past to tho cud of raising tho prlco of food stuffs beyond the point to which healthy competition would re Ww&sWtw - " LssssssssssssssssssssssH "Jpv Wl' ssssssl OAPT. ADRIAN C ANSON, Tho Baseball King. duce them. Tho outcry has always been In protest against the Increased cost) of living, but here for the Urst time are tho combinations which control tho I food supply, brought Into a direct rela tion to tho public health. "'It Is high time that this matter bo taken out of tho class of minor of fenses AND THE DEALERS THEM SELVES LOOKED UPON IN THE LIGHT OF PU1ILIO DANGERS. Even lu war, when all kinds of brutality are sanctioned, It Is the height of dis honoreven murder to poison the water supply of a country. Is it uuy better to poison the food supply? It Is time that tho public mind should develop a conscience lu this direction.' " Speaking of lleof Trust tuberculosis read the following from tho Health De partment Uulletlu, November 4, 1005: "Tho total amount ot meats con demned during tho period was 1,313,343 pounds. Of the principal causes of condemnation, 85 PER' CENT WERE FOR TUUERCULOSIS, 12 per cent for actinomycosis lumpy Jaw aud 4 per cent for bog cholera." The lleef Trust must go. Loudon, March O.-l'ho memory of the American meat scandals which had been almost forgotten, have been re vived afresh by tho extraordinary statements nud criticisms of Mr. Trot ter, veterinary surgeon of tho corpo ration of Glasgow, oil the methods of Inspection of American meat prior to oxiHirtutlou. This Is what Trotter says hi his report, submitted to tho health committee Thursday : "On Feb, IS aud again on the 20th, I seized ns unlit for human food a foreleg of chilled beef, deposited lu the meat market on the lustuuee of tho agent of one of the largest meat ox jKiiters of the United Stats. Each foreleg was marked 'United States In spected and passed, 3.' "On lusjiectloii each foreleg was found 'stripiied' that Is, the serous mendiraue covering tho costal pleura had been removed, but at places dis tinct tubercular nodules remained and glandular invasion was manifest. "Theso forelegs showed uo evidence of having been previously Inspected. They were parts of enreussc. which, lu accordance with the regulations Issued by tho bureau of nulnial Industry to tho government incut Inspectors detail ed for duty lu packing establishments of tho United States, ought to have been rejected ns unlit for human food and to havo been rendered Into tallow after diseased parts had beeu re moved. "This reveals that the Inspection Is not lu conformity with government regulations and lends credence to tho assertions made regarding tho uu trustworthiness of tho olllclal Inspec tion whleh obtains lu the United States of America, "This nssertlou also receives cor roboration by u perusal of tho figures f for 1005, as Issued by tho bureau of animal Industry. "Tho number of Inspectors Is given ns forty. It therefore follows that to conduct tho examination of 37.IS2 mi I'.nals each day each Inspector would bo required to exnmlno tho carcasses and viscera of not less than 037 mil mals, which Is nn utter Impassibility. "This calculation of tlmo docs not al low for holidays or Illness, otherwise t'lAmfi ittii the number of animals which would fail to boliisioetod by each Inspector would be materially Increased." ApiMMidleltls Is n Dad Meat tllscnso, It comes from tho breakfast delica cies made out of cunucr cows nud trichina pork. The Trust sausage Is ouo of the wou ders of creation. It Is made out of tho cheapest meat und the trimming of enuuers, lumpy Jaw cattle and dead swine. After being thoroughly mixed with a horrible concoction known to the trade us potato Hour, this chopped, stamped, crushed nud chemically treat ed meat Is stuffed Into tho frequently diseased guts of dead animals uud is sold to the public us sausage. Despite the chemicals compounded with the "meat" to niako It smell "natural." both tho compound Itself, as well as tho "casing," as tho gut Is now called, are frequently tho ubode of mlcro-orgunlsms. The word appendicitis means an In datamation of the vermiform appendix) which lies lu the lower right baud cor ner of the abdomen. The vermiform appendix Is a sack attached to tho Intestine It Is Into this restlug place that the microbes crawl and cartso trouble. The real trichina mlcrobo, which Is very abundant lu pork, and for which no search Is made by tho Beef Trust, eats through all the human Intestines, nud, playing uo favorites, It always fatal. But the had meat microbe, which causes appendicitis, has uot strength onough to bore through the Intestines. It merely crawls Into the first and only stopplug place lu tho bowels tho vermiform appendix aud there It works away until It starts lutlmuuia tlon. When tho first physicians began to realize tho etiological Importance ol tho appendix lu liitcstlnal inflamma tion, It was thought that seeds or oth er offending material became lodged therein, but many operations soon proved the contrary, for ofttlmes no foreign bodies were found In It, and other abdominal operations often show ed collections In tho appendix that bad caused no trouble. Most of the best physicians and the nblcst surgeons nro now convlucod that appendicitis Is caused by bad meat. The disease, singularly enough, was uever heard of until Beof Trust meth ods began to .prevail In this country, and now It Is to be found wherever Beof Trust products havo a sale., According to the United States cen sus, 5,111 persons died from appendi citis In 1000, Tho disease was not evon mentioned In tho United States census report of 1800 ton years before be catiso there were no cases and no deaths. How Is that for tho work of the Beef Trust? The following Is taken from the Chi cago Chronicle, Dee. 14: Loudon, Dee. 13, Dr. Colllngrldgo, tho medical otllcei of tho health de partment for tho city of London, has issued n report on tho Inspection of meat nt tho Smlthlleld market lu which ho expresses regret that tho American label guaranteeing the Inspection of meat from tho United Stntes Is, .ac cording to experience, no guaranty as to" tho condition of tho meat In ques tion. AAh.' - r, i UmmiMii-Mtto- Vdu;&M This City the Dumping Ground -for All the Bad Cattle in the West. Does the Meat Inspection law pro tect the foreigner? It certainly does not protect the Chi cagoan. Chicago Is reveling In a feast of lumpy Jaw beef, tuberculosis cattle aud the like. The new Federal meat Inspection law Is In force, but, so far ns Chicago Is concerned, It Is a dead letter. The United States law only applies to meat Intended for export aud for meat shipped to other States. f This Is ns far as the Federal author ity can go. It cannot Interfere with local condi tions. Theso are wholly under tho control of tho local government nnd tho local government believes that when tho tubercular parts of the beef mid tho lumpy Jaw or cancerous parts of the beef are cut out, that tho rest of the carcass Is good to eat ' So thousands of Chlcagonns nro eat ing lumpy Jaw cnttlo every day, lu blissful Ignorance of the awful facts uud the Beef Trust Is getting richer than ever by purveying bad food to the people. The most radical legislation Is neces sary to obliterate this evil nud the people will get It when they wake up and realize the terrible danger that constantly menaces themselves and their families under present conditions. Speaking of the seriousness of tho matter, the Chlcngo Trlbuno In a re cently printed cdltorlnl declared: "The Health Department should nt ouco enact nud en forco the regulations which hnvo been prepared by tho De partment of Agriculture. "If those regulations nro necessary to Insure the good quality of Chicago meat which Is to be eaten by English men they nrc equally necessary to In sure the good quality of Chicago meat which Is to bo eaten lu Chicago. If foreigners are deserving of protection tho people of Chicago nro also. They will uot get the same degree of pro tection unless tho local Inspection tf ns good ns the Federal Inspection. "There will be nn attempt to work off on Chicago consumers Inferior meats which cannot be marketed elsewhere. Many of tho smaller packers wbo have no outsldo trade will not mnlntnln s high standard of cleanliness la their establishments unless they aro forced to. There Is need of vigilant municipal lusiiectlou to keep this city from be coming a dumping ground for poor meat uud to enforce sanitary regulations In packing bouses which are outside th scope of Federal supervision." President Roosevelt and the members ot Congress Urst beard about tho Beef Trust horrors from tho Englo In No vember, 1005, and they have beard more every week slnco thou. Tho Beef Trust slaughter bouses are like morgues. The Beef Trust mag nates love to praise their cleanliness lu mngnzlue articles. Of course those slaughter joints are clenuly. They have to be. They uro sanitary In near ly every respect The only unsani tary things about tbe Trust slaughtor houses ure tho caucerous cattle, tbe tuberculosis cows aud tbe triehlua hogs. Tho sturoundlngs bave4o be kept clenuly, like all buildings dovot ed to the care of caduvers. Even the embalmed beef turned out by tbe Trust Is saultary from nu embalmer's standpoint Ono hundred and sixteen articles pro duced by the Beef Trust lu Cblrago have been examined and condemned by the honest pure food commissioner of the State of North Dakota. Every one of them was condemned because It contained n poison and was therefore detrimental to the public health. Lack of space alone prohibits us from print lug the list and tbe numes of th houses shipping tbe stuff. Tho Beef Trust nas caused A big raise lu the price of shoes. Tbe al leged beof trust coutrols tncldentully the domestic htdo market, which Con gress closed practically for the benefit of the beef trust by clapping a duty of 15 per cent ad valorem on foreign hides. Tho alleged beof trust, uccord lug to Associated Press dispatches, now also coutrols the domestic tanning Industry. Hence the beef trust tlxei now the cost of the leather, the raw mnrcrJul out of which shoes nro made, ami hence It coutrols both tho prices of shoes liii the domestic market uud In tho export shoo trade, built up at great expouse by our shoo manufac turers. , Furthermore, It Is common knowl edge that tho domestic prlco of butter, eggs, butterluo, dressed poultry, the grains, fruits, vegetables, apples, pota toes and probably other foods Is regu lated largely by tho same trust of cor ponitlons. Tills Is logical and unavoidable nt present It Is due In part to special privileges of lower, rates In the ship- ping, private refrigerator lines, lm uieuso grain elevators and cold-storage plants scattered at tho strnteule imluts and In part, no doubt, to the sheer brutal force of unlimited millions of dollars: a power wielded by a few per sons whom society docs not hold per sonally responsible nt present. The spirits of, thousands of poor boys wbo went out to fight 'or tbt United Stntes In the Spanish-American war, must borer over tbe fortunes of the Bftf Trust In a demand for vengeance ' These thousands were killed by the "embalmed heef" of tho Beef Trust and by the poisons used In the ntaknnn of their Beef Trust rations. Neither the bullets of the Spaniard or the terrors of tlm Cuhnn iimaf did any havoc to tho American soldier, poor uoy, at an comparable with tbe damage dono by the frightful embalm ed food of tho Beef Trust The young fellows wbo offered tbelr lives to tbe American government, did not for n moment Imagine that tbe country for which they were fighting would permit a Beef Trust to furnish them with poisoned rations. But It did. Tho soldiers trusted tholr country and nte the poison. Tho result was death, dlscaso, broken constitutions for thousands. Theso nro facts which the war rec ords will corroborate. St Paul, Minn., Feb. 20. A coro ner's Jury Investigating tho death of Ernest Goers, who died Feb. 8 nfter eating pork sausage, to-day returned a verdict recommending that the author ities toko proper means for u mora rigid Inspect lou and examination of all food products. Tho testimony showed that tho smistigo eaten by Goers was bought from a South St Paul packing house, where government Inspectors In spect nil meat products. Talk about government Inspection! Wo take the following from tho last annual report of .Dr. Charles J. Whalen, Commissioner ot Health of tho city ot Chicago. Tho facts speak for them selves. "At the Union Stock Yards during the last live months of tbe year, seven Inspectors (live of whom were appoint ed In November) have condemned and destroyed 2,704,038 pounds of meat as being unfit for food; all of which would have been sold In tbe city of Chi cago, and for which tbe purchaser would have paid first-class prices." 'From these figure It Is wr Ment that Inspection by the city of all food products Is of untold value, not only from a financial but from a sanitary and hygienic standpoint" "Tho following will show how neces sary city Inspection is at the Union Stock Yards: "The city meat Inspectors have con demned In tho coolers and on tbe cut ting Doors AFTER PASSING GOV ERNMENT INSPECTION: "125 eattlo, cause, actinomycosis, "07 cattle, cause, emaciation. "24 cattle, cause, tuberculosis, evi dence of disease having "been trimmed out. "10 cattle, cause, 'downers.' "27 sheep, cause, pneumonia. "04 bogs, cause, pyaemia and tubercu losis. "47,720 pounds of cut meats shipped from St Routs, Omaha, etc.,, for can ning. This meat was sour and slimy." The new government Inspection is Joko. Tbe law went into fqree nnd effect Oct 1 and every day since that date tho market reports of tbe dally news papers have quoted prices on "canner cows" und "canner cattle." Everybody knows, or ought to know, by this time, what a "canner" Is. , It may be ns well, however, to say that a "canner" Is a sickly animal, diseased, crippled or worn out, A cow that has "thrown" Its calf and that gives no milk. An animal that Is un lit for dairy purposos aud fit only for tho bono yard. This Is the ulcerated, cancerous or tubercular creature that Is thrown to tho tender mercies of the Beef Trust nnd cut up nnd sold to the people. Rend tho market reports and you will see tho figure tlmt tho "canner" cuts lu the live stock market Tho Government Inspectors, most ot whom were packing house employes, hnvo disclosed through tho dally press tho wonderful way lu which tho public Is to bo protected. They havo caused to bo printed fno similes of tho governmqnt stamps, showing eattlo divided Into seven sec tions, labeled tho "round," "tho loin," "tho rib," "the chuck," "tho brisket," tho rump," nnd "tho flank." Russia would scorn a system of gov , crnment Inspection like the one which has pleased the Beef Trust for so many years.